South Street Seaport

Last updated

South Street Seaport
South Street Seaport, Detroit Photographic Company (0616).jpg
South Street and Brooklyn Bridge (c.1900)
Location map Lower Manhattan.png
Red pog.svg
Location map United States Manhattan.png
Red pog.svg
USA New York City location map.svg
Red pog.svg
USA New York location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Usa edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
LocationBounded by Burling (John St.) and Peck Slips, Water St. and East River in New York City, United States
Coordinates Coordinates: 40°42′22″N74°0′12″W / 40.70611°N 74.00333°W / 40.70611; -74.00333
Area3.5 acres (1.4 ha)
Architectural style Greek Revival
NRHP reference # 72000883 [1]
South Street Seaport Historic District
LocationRoughly bounded by East River, Brooklyn Bridge, Fletcher Alley, and Pearl and South Streets, Manhattan, New York City, United States
Area41 acres (17 ha)
Architectural styleGreek Revival, Romanesque
NRHP reference # 78001884 [1]
Added to NRHPDecember 12, 1978
Added to NRHPOctober 18, 1972

The South Street Seaport is a historic area in the New York City borough of Manhattan, centered where Fulton Street meets the East River, and adjacent to the Financial District. The Seaport is a designated historic district, and is distinct from the neighboring Financial District. It is part of Manhattan Community Board 1 in Lower Manhattan, and is bounded by the Financial District to the west, southwest, and north; the East River to the southeast; and Two Bridges to the northeast.

New York City Largest city in the United States

The City of New York, usually called either New York City (NYC) or simply New York (NY), is the most populous city in the United States. With an estimated 2018 population of 8,398,748 distributed over a land area of about 302.6 square miles (784 km2), New York is also the most densely populated major city in the United States. Located at the southern tip of the state of New York, the city is the center of the New York metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass and one of the world's most populous megacities, with an estimated 19,979,477 people in its 2018 Metropolitan Statistical Area and 22,679,948 residents in its Combined Statistical Area. A global power city, New York City has been described as the cultural, financial, and media capital of the world, and exerts a significant impact upon commerce, entertainment, research, technology, education, politics, tourism, art, fashion, and sports. The city's fast pace has inspired the term New York minute. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important center for international diplomacy.

Manhattan Borough in New York City and county in New York, United States

Manhattan, often referred to locally as the City, is the most densely populated of the five boroughs of New York City and its economic and administrative center, cultural identifier, and historical birthplace. The borough is coextensive with New York County, one of the original counties of the U.S. state of New York. The borough consists mostly of Manhattan Island, bounded by the Hudson, East, and Harlem rivers; several small adjacent islands; and Marble Hill, a small neighborhood now on the U.S. mainland, physically connected to the Bronx and separated from the rest of Manhattan by the Harlem River. Manhattan Island is divided into three informally bounded components, each aligned with the borough's long axis: Lower, Midtown, and Upper Manhattan.

Fulton Street (Manhattan) Street in Manhattan, New York

Fulton Street is a busy street located in Lower Manhattan in New York City. Located in the Financial District, a few blocks north of Wall Street, it runs from Church Street at the site of the World Trade Center to South Street, terminating in front of the South Street Seaport. The easternmost block is a pedestrian street. After the World Trade Center construction is completed, it will extend to West Street.


It features some of the oldest architecture in downtown Manhattan, and includes the largest concentration of restored early 19th-century commercial buildings in the city. This includes renovated original mercantile buildings, renovated sailing ships, the former Fulton Fish Market, and modern tourist malls featuring food, shopping, and nightlife.

Fulton Fish Market

The Fulton Fish Market is a fish market in Hunts Point, a section of the New York City borough of the Bronx, in New York, United States. It was originally a wing of the Fulton Market, established in 1822 to sell a variety of foodstuffs and produce. In November 2005, the Fish Market relocated to a new facility in Hunts Point in the Bronx, from its historic location near the Brooklyn Bridge along the East River waterfront at and above Fulton Street in the Financial District, Lower Manhattan.


As port

The first pier in the area appeared in 1625, when the Dutch West India Company founded an outpost here. [2] With the influx of the first settlers, the area was quickly developed. One of the first and busiest streets in the area was today's Pearl Street, so named for a variety of coastal pearl shells. [3] Due to its location, Pearl Street quickly gained popularity among traders. [4] [5] The East River was eventually narrowed. By the second half of the 17th century, the pier was extended to Water Street, then to Front Street, and by the beginning of the 19th century, to South Street. [2] The pier was well reputed, as it was protected from westerly winds and ice of the Hudson River. [3]

Dutch West India Company Dutch trading company

Dutch West India Company was a chartered company of Dutch merchants as well as foreign investors. Among its founders was Willem Usselincx (1567–1647). On June 3, 1621, it was granted a charter for a trade monopoly in the Dutch West Indies by the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands and given jurisdiction over Dutch participation in the Atlantic slave trade, Brazil, the Caribbean, and North America. The area where the company could operate consisted of West Africa and the Americas, which included the Pacific Ocean and the eastern part of New Guinea. The intended purpose of the charter was to eliminate competition, particularly Spanish or Portuguese, between the various trading posts established by the merchants. The company became instrumental in the largely ephemeral Dutch colonization of the Americas in the seventeenth century. From 1624 to 1654, in the context of the Dutch-Portuguese War, the WIC held Portuguese territory in northeast Brazil, but they were ousted from Dutch Brazil following fierce resistance.

Pearl Street (Manhattan) Street in Manhattan, New York

Pearl Street is a street in the Financial District in Lower Manhattan, running northeast from Battery Park to the Brooklyn Bridge with an interruption at Fulton Street, where Pearl Street's alignment west of Fulton Street shifts one block south of its alignment east of Fulton Street, then turning west and terminating at Centre Street.

Lower Manhattan Central business district in New York, United States

Lower Manhattan, also known as Downtown Manhattan or Downtown New York, is the southernmost part of Manhattan, the central borough for business, culture, and government in the City of New York, which itself originated at the southern tip of Manhattan Island in 1624, at a point which now constitutes the present-day Financial District. The population of the Financial District alone has grown to an estimated 61,000 residents as of 2018, up from 43,000 as of 2014, which in turn was nearly double the 23,000 recorded at the 2000 Census.

In 1728, the Schermerhorn Family established trade with the city of Charleston, South Carolina. Subsequently, rice and indigo came from Charleston. [6] At the time, the port was also the focal point of delivery of goods from England. In 1776, during the American Revolutionary War, the British occupied the port, adversely affecting port trade for eight years. In 1783, many traders returned to England, and most port enterprises collapsed. [2] The port quickly recovered from the post-war crisis. From 1797 until the middle of 19th century, New York had the country's largest system of maritime trade. [2] From 1815 to 1860 the port was called the Port of New York.

Schermerhorn Place in North Holland, Netherlands

Schermerhorn is a village in the Dutch province of North Holland. It is a part of the municipality of Alkmaar, and lies about 9 km south of Heerhugowaard.

Charleston, South Carolina City in the United States

Charleston is the oldest and largest city in the U.S. state of South Carolina, the county seat of Charleston County, and the principal city in the Charleston–North Charleston–Summerville Metropolitan Statistical Area. The city lies just south of the geographical midpoint of South Carolina's coastline and is located on Charleston Harbor, an inlet of the Atlantic Ocean formed by the confluence of the Ashley, Cooper, and Wando rivers. Charleston had an estimated population of 136,208 in 2018. The estimated population of the Charleston metropolitan area, comprising Berkeley, Charleston, and Dorchester counties, was 787,643 residents as of 2018, the third-largest in the state and the 78th-largest metropolitan statistical area in the United States.

Rice cereal grain and seed of Oryza sativa

Rice is the seed of the grass species Oryza sativa or Oryza glaberrima. As a cereal grain, it is the most widely consumed staple food for a large part of the world's human population, especially in Asia. It is the agricultural commodity with the third-highest worldwide production, after sugarcane and maize.

On February 22, 1784, the Empress of China sailed from the port to Guangzhou and returned to Philadelphia on May 15, 1785, [7] bringing along, in its cargo, green and black teas, porcelain, and other goods. [8] This operation marked the beginning of trade relations between the newly formed United States and the Qing Empire. [9]

Empress of China, also known as Chinese Queen, was a three-masted, square-rigged sailing ship of 360 tons, initially built in 1783 for service as a privateer. After the Treaty of Paris brought a formal end to the American Revolutionary War, the vessel was refitted for commercial purposes. She became the first American ship to sail from the newly independent United States to China, opening what is known today as the Old China Trade and transporting the first official representative of the American government to Canton.

Guangzhou Prefecture-level and Sub-provincial city in Guangdong, Peoples Republic of China

Guangzhou, also known as Canton and formerly romanized as Kwangchow or Kwong Chow, is the capital and most populous city of the province of Guangdong in southern China. On the Pearl River about 120 km (75 mi) north-northwest of Hong Kong and 145 km (90 mi) north of Macau, Guangzhou has a history of over 2,200 years and was a major terminus of the maritime Silk Road, and continues to serve as a major port and transportation hub, as well as one of China's three largest cities.

Philadelphia Largest city in Pennsylvania

Philadelphia, known colloquially as Philly, is the largest city in the U.S. state and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and the sixth-most populous U.S. city, with a 2018 census-estimated population of 1,584,138. Since 1854, the city has been coterminous with Philadelphia County, the most populous county in Pennsylvania and the urban core of the eighth-largest U.S. metropolitan statistical area, with over 6 million residents as of 2017. Philadelphia is also the economic and cultural anchor of the greater Delaware Valley, located along the lower Delaware and Schuylkill Rivers, within the Northeast megalopolis. The Delaware Valley's population of 7.2 million ranks it as the eighth-largest combined statistical area in the United States.

On January 5, 1818, the 424-ton transatlantic packet James Monroe sailed from Liverpool, opening the first regular trans-Atlantic voyage route, the Black Ball Line. [10] Shipping on this route continued until 1878. [11] Commercially successful transatlantic traffic has led to the creation of many competing companies, including the Red Star Line in 1822. [12] [13] Transportation significantly contributed to the establishment of the New York one of the centers of world trade. [2]

Black Ball Line (trans-Atlantic packet) US shipping company

The Black Ball Line was a passenger line founded by a group of New York Quaker merchants headed by Jeremiah Thompson, and included Isaac Wright & Son (William), Francis Thompson and Benjamin Marshall. All were Quakers except Marshall. The line initially consisted of four packet ships, the Amity, Courier, Pacific and the James Monroe. All of these were running between Liverpool, England and New York City. This first scheduled trans-Atlantic service was founded in 1817. In operation for some 60 years, it took its name from its flag, a black ball on a red background.

Liverpool City and metropolitan borough in England

Liverpool is a city and metropolitan borough in North West England, with an estimated population of 491,500. Its metropolitan area is the fifth-largest in the UK, with a population of 2.24 million in 2011. The local authority is Liverpool City Council, the most populous local government district in the metropolitan county of Merseyside and the largest in the Liverpool City Region.

Red Star Line transport company

The Red Star Line was an ocean passenger line founded in 1871 as a joint venture between the International Navigation Company of Philadelphia, which also ran the American Line, and the Société Anonyme de Navigation Belgo-Américaine of Antwerp, Belgium. The company's main ports of call were Antwerp in Belgium, Liverpool and Southampton in the United Kingdom and New York City and Philadelphia in the United States.

The Fish Market during the Great Depression Fish Market, South Street, Manhattan (NYPL b13668355-482702).jpg
The Fish Market during the Great Depression
The port in the late 1970s 207-209-211 WATER STREET IN CENTER FOREGROUND (Note identical height and architectural features) - South Street Seaport Museum, 207-211 Water Street, New York, New York County, HABS NY,31-NEYO,141-1.tif
The port in the late 1970s

One of the largest companies in the South Street Seaport area was the Fulton Fish Market, opened in 1822. In 2005, it was moved to the area of Hunts Point, Bronx. [14] [15]

In November 1825, the Erie Canal, located upstate, was opened. [16] The canal, connecting New York to the western United States, facilitated the economic development of the city. [17] [18] However, for this reason, along with the beginning of the shipping era, there was a need to lengthen the piers and deepen the port. [19]

On the night of December 17, 1835 a large fire in New York City destroyed 17 blocks, [20] and many buildings in the South Street Seaport burned to the ground. Nevertheless, by the 1840s, the port recovered, and by 1850, it reached its heyday: [2]

Looking east, was seen in the distance on the long river front from Coenties Slip to Catharine Street [ sic ], innumerable masts of the many Californian clippers and London and Liverpool packets, with their long bowsprits extending way over South Street, reaching nearly to the opposite side. [21]

At its peak, the port hosted many commercial enterprises, institutions, ship-chandlers, workshops, boarding houses, saloons, and brothels. However, by the 1880s, the port began to be depleted of resources, space for the development of these businesses was diminishing, and the port became too shallow for newer ships. By the 1930s, most of the piers no longer functioned, and cargo ships docked mainly on ports on the West Side and in Hoboken. [3] By the late 1950s, the old Ward Line docks, comprising Piers 15, 16, and part of 17, were mostly vacant.[ citation needed ]

As museum

Part of Schermerhorn Row, early 19th-century mercantile buildings Schermerhorne Row sunny morn north jeh.jpg
Part of Schermerhorn Row, early 19th-century mercantile buildings

The South Street Seaport Museum was founded in 1967 by Peter and Norma Stanford. When originally opened as a museum, the focus of the Seaport Museum conservation was to be an educational historic site, with shops mostly operating as reproductions of working environments found during the Seaport's heyday.

In 1982, redevelopment began to turn the museum into a greater tourist attraction via development of modern shopping areas. The project was undertaken by the prominent developer James Rouse and modeled on the concept of a "festival marketplace," a leading revitalization strategy throughout the 1970s. [22] On the other side of Fulton Street from Schermerhorn Row, the main Fulton Fish Market building, which had become a large plain garage-type structure, was rebuilt as an upscale shopping mall. Pier 17's old platforms were demolished and a new glass shopping pavilion raised in its place, which opened in August 1983.

The original intent of the Seaport development was the preservation of the block of buildings known as Schermerhorn Row on the southwest side of Fulton Street, which were threatened with neglect or future development, at a time when the history of New York City's sailing ship industry was not valued, except by some antiquarians. Early historic preservation efforts focused on these buildings and the acquisition of several sailing ships. Almost all buildings and the entire Seaport neighborhood are meant to transport the visitor back in time to New York's mid-19th century, to demonstrate what life in the commercial maritime trade was like. Docked at the Seaport are a few historical sailing vessels, including the Wavertree. A section of nearby Fulton Street is preserved as cobblestone and lined with shops, bars, and restaurants. The Bridge Cafe, which claims to be "The Oldest Drinking Establishment in New York" is in a building that formerly housed a brothel.

US Navy 050529-N-7676W-006 ONR Afloat Lab YP-679 Starfish at South Street Seaport Pier 17 during 18th annual Fleet Week New York.jpg
Pier 17 before demolition
Pier 17 2018-03 jeh.jpg
Newly renovated Pier 17 in 2018

In 2012, Hurricane Sandy heavily damaged the Seaport. Tidal floods of up to 7 feet (2.1 m) deep inundated much of the Seaport, causing extensive damage that forced an end to plans to merge the Seaport Museum with the Museum of the City of New York. [23] Many of the businesses closed, and the remaining businesses suffered from a severe drop in business after the storm. [24] The South Street Seaport Museum re-opened in December 2012. The Howard Hughes Corporation, announced that it would tear down the Seaport's most prominent shopping area, Pier 17, as part of a broader redevelopment of the neighborhood. The new pier contains retail, restaurants, and a rooftop performance venue. [25] It reopened in July 2018. [26] [27]

Constituent parts

Ownership and management of Pier 17

Pier 17 is currently owned and managed by Howard Hughes Corporation. [28] Formerly, it was run by General Growth Properties, which acquired Pier 17's longtime owner, The Rouse Company, in 2004. [29] As part of its restructuring, General Growth spun off the Howard Hughes Corporation. [30]

Historic South Street Seaport neighborhood

Peck Slip, which occupies the area between present-day Water and South streets, served as an active docking place for boats until 1810, and even served as a temporary hideout for George Washington and his troops in April 1776 when they fled from the Battle of Long Island. Then, in 1838, the first steam-powered vessel to make a transatlantic voyage, the S.S.  Great Western , docked in Peck’s Slip to the cheers of a quickly growing crowd of onlookers. [31] Today, the center "island" of the street serves as an open space for the community with Brooklyn Bridge views. Often displaying public art installations and gatherings, such as fairs and concerts. [32] Peck Slip is also home to the neighborhood's K-5 elementary school The Peck Slip School, P.S. 343. [33] In 2018, plans were revealed for the redevelopment of the parking lot at 250 Water Street, across from the school. [34] [35]


Designated by Congress in 1998 as one of several museums which together make up "America's National Maritime Museum", South Street Seaport Museum sits in a 12 square-block historic district that is the site of the original port of New York City. [36] The Museum has over 30,000 square feet (2,800 m2) of exhibition space and educational facilities. It houses exhibition galleries, a working 19th-century print shop, an archeology museum, a maritime library, a craft center, a marine life conservation lab, and the largest privately owned fleet of historic ships in the country.

Shopping mall and tourist attraction

Pier 17 shopping mall, September 2018 Ground floor escalators 2018 Sept Pier 17 jeh.jpg
Pier 17 shopping mall, September 2018

At the Seaport, a mall and tourism center is built on Pier 17 on the East River. It was reconstructed in the 2010s and reopened in June 2018. [37] Decks outside on pier 15 [38] allow views of the East River, Brooklyn Bridge, and Brooklyn Heights. The Paris Cafe, within the South Street Seaport historic area, is claimed to be one of the oldest bars in New York City. [39]

At the entrance to the Seaport is the Titanic Memorial lighthouse.

ESPN studios

Sports broadcaster ESPN opened a radio and television studio at Pier 17 in April 2018, covering 17,000 square feet (1,600 m2). [40]

Ships in the port

The museum has five vessels docked permanently or semi-permanently, four of which have formal historical status.

NameYear of launchTypeDescriptionPictureNotes
United States Lightship LV-87 1908 Lightship LV-87 is a lightship 135 feet (41 m) long and 29 feet (8.8 m) wide, built in Camden, New Jersey in 1907. It was stationed at the entrance to Ambrose Channel and became the third lightship there since 1854. In 1932 the ship was replaced by the new LV-111 ship and moved to the Scotland Station. LV-87 was retired in 1966 and sent to the South Street Seaport in 1968. In 1989 it gained National Historic Landmark status. Ambrose Lightship.jpg [41] [42] [43] [44] [45] [46] [47]
Lettie G. Howard 1893 Schooner The fishing schooner was launched in Essex, Massachusetts. The vessel is 125 feet (38 m) long overall and 21 feet (6.4 m) wide. The schooner was used for fishing mostly off the coast of Yucatan. In 1989 it was given National Historic Landmark status. Lettie G. Howard ship.jpg [48] [49] [50] [51]
Pioneer 1885 Schooner The schooner was launched in Marcus Hook, Pennsylvania in Pennsylvania. Initially, it was rigged as a sloop, but in 1895 it was rerigged as a schooner. The vessel is 102 feet (31 m) long. Its hull was originally wrought iron but was rebuilt in steel in the 1960s. It was used for transportation of various goods: sand, wood, stone, bricks and oyster shells. Now it is used for educational tours of New York Harbor. Schooner Pioneer.jpg [52] [53]
W. O. Decker 1930 Tugboat The 52 foot (16 m) steam tug was built in Long Island City, Queens and first named Russell I. Subsequently, the engine was replaced by a 175 horsepower (130 kW) diesel engine. In 1986 the boat was transferred to the South Street Seaport museum. In 1996 it was entered in the National Register of Historic Places. WO Decker aft jeh.JPG [54] [55] [56]
Wavertree 1885 Freighter The ship was launched in Southampton. It is 325 feet (99 m) long including spars and 263 feet (80 m) on deck. The ship is the largest remaining wrought iron vessel. Initially it was used for transporting jute from east India to Scotland, and then was involved in the tramp trade. In 1947 it was converted into a sand barge, and in 1968 it was acquired by the South Street Seaport Museum. In 1978 the ship was entered in the National Register of Historic Places. South Street Seaport Boat.JPG [57] [58] [59]
The Titanic memorial South Street Lighthouse.JPG
The Titanic memorial


The Pioneer and W. O. Decker operate during favorable weather.


South Street Seaport is served by the M15 and M15 SBS New York City Bus routes. [60]

New York Water Taxi directly serves South Street Seaport on Fridays, weekends, and holidays during the summer, while other New York Water Taxi, NYC Ferry, and SeaStreak ferries serve the nearby ferry slip at Pier 11/Wall Street daily. [61]

The Fulton Street/Fulton Center station complex ( 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , A , C , E , J , N , R , W , and Z trains) is the closest New York City Subway station. [62] A new subway station, provisionally called Seaport, has been proposed as part of the unfunded Phase 4 of the Second Avenue Subway. Although this station will be located only 3 blocks from the Fulton Street station, there are no plans for a free transfer between them. [63]

Film & Television:



See also

Related Research Articles

Chelsea, Manhattan Neighborhood of Manhattan in New York City

Chelsea is a neighborhood on the West Side of the borough of Manhattan in New York City. The district's boundaries are roughly 14th Street to the south, the Hudson River and West Street to the west, and Sixth Avenue to the east, with its northern boundary variously described as near the upper 20s or 34th Street, the next major crosstown street to the north. To the northwest of Chelsea is the neighborhood of Hell's Kitchen, as well as Hudson Yards; to the northeast are the Garment District and the remainder of Midtown South; to the east are NoMad and the Flatiron District; to the southwest is the Meatpacking District; and to the south and southeast are the West Village and the remainder of Greenwich Village. Chelsea is named after the Royal Hospital Chelsea in London, England.

North River (Hudson River) portion of the Hudson River near New York City

North River is an alternative name for the southernmost portion of the Hudson River in the vicinity of New York City and northeastern New Jersey in the United States. The entire watercourse was known as the North River by the Dutch in the early seventeenth century; the term fell out of general use for most of the river's 300+ mile course during the early 1900s. However the name remains in very limited use as an artifact among history-inclined local mariners and others and on some nautical charts and maps. The term is also used for infrastructure on and under the river, such as the North River piers, North River Tunnels, and the North River Wastewater Treatment Plant.

Financial District, Manhattan Neighborhood of Manhattan in New York City

The Financial District of Lower Manhattan, also known as FiDi, is a neighborhood located on the southern tip of Manhattan island in New York City. It is bounded by the West Side Highway on the west, Chambers Street and City Hall Park on the north, Brooklyn Bridge on the northeast, the East River to the southeast, and The Battery on the south.

New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission New York City agency charged with administering the citys Landmarks Preservation Law

The New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission (LPC) is the New York City agency charged with administering the city's Landmarks Preservation Law. The Commission was created in April 1965 by Mayor Robert F. Wagner, Jr. following the destruction of Pennsylvania Station the previous year to make way for the construction of the current Madison Square Garden. The Commission is responsible for protecting New York City's architecturally, historically, and culturally significant buildings and sites by granting them landmark or historic district status, and regulating them once they're designated. It is the largest municipal preservation agency in the nation.

Fulton Ferry, Brooklyn United States national historic site

Fulton Ferry is a small area within Dumbo in the New York City borough of Brooklyn. The neighborhood is named for the Fulton Ferry, a prominent ferry line that crossed the East River between Manhattan and Brooklyn, and is also the name of the ferry slip on the Brooklyn side. The neighborhood is part of Brooklyn Community District 2.

Port of New York and New Jersey Harbour in New Jersey and New York, USA

The Port of New York and New Jersey is the port district of the New York-Newark metropolitan area, encompassing the region within approximately a 25-mile (40 km) radius of the Statue of Liberty National Monument. It includes the system of navigable waterways in the New York–New Jersey Harbor Estuary, which runs along 650 miles (1,050 km) of shoreline in the vicinity of New York City and northeastern New Jersey, as well as the region's airports and supporting rail and roadway distribution networks. Considered one of the largest natural harbors in the world, the port is by tonnage the third largest in the United States and the busiest on the East Coast.

Hudson River Park

Hudson River Park is a waterside park on the North River, and is the part of the Manhattan Waterfront Greenway that extends from 59th Street south to Battery Park in the New York City borough of Manhattan. It is a joint state and city collaboration, but is organized as a New York State public-benefit corporation. It is a 550-acre (2.2 km2) park stretching 4.5 miles (7.2 km), making it the second-biggest park in Manhattan after Central Park. The park arose as part of the West Side Highway replacement project in the wake of the abandoned Westway plan.

Brooklyn Cruise Terminal

The Brooklyn Cruise Terminal is a cruise terminal in the Red Hook neighborhood of Brooklyn, New York City. The terminal is 180,000 square feet (17,000 m2) and sits on Buttermilk Channel, a tidal strait separating Brooklyn from Governors Island. It is located on land owned by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey (PANYNJ), leased by the New York City Economic Development Corporation (NYCEDC), and operated by Metro Cruise Services. The terminal is one of three terminals for ocean-going cruise ships in the New York metropolitan area. Ships from Carnival Corporation call the terminal their home port.

South Street (Manhattan) Street in Manhattan, New York

South Street is a street in Lower Manhattan, New York City, located immediately adjacent to the East River. It runs from Whitehall Street near the southern tip of Manhattan to Jackson Street near the Williamsburg Bridge. The Franklin D. Roosevelt East River Drive, in an elevated portion known as the South Street Viaduct, runs along the entire length of the street.

Brooklyn Bridge Park

Brooklyn Bridge Park is an 85-acre (34 ha) park on the Brooklyn side of the East River in New York City. Designed by landscape architecture firm Michael Van Valkenburgh Associates, the park is located on a 1.3-mile (2.1 km) former industrial waterfront from Atlantic Avenue in the south, under the Brooklyn Heights Promenade and past the Brooklyn Bridge, to Jay Street north of the Manhattan Bridge. The site includes Brooklyn Piers 1–6, the historic Fulton Ferry Landing, and the preexisting Empire–Fulton Ferry and Main Street Parks. The park also includes Empire Stores and the Tobacco Warehouse, two Civil War-era structures. The park is part of the Brooklyn Waterfront Greenway, a series of parks and bike paths around Brooklyn.

Peck Slip Ferry

The Peck Slip Ferry was a pre-Brooklyn Bridge ferry route connecting Manhattan and Williamsburg, Brooklyn, New York City, United States, joining Peck Slip (Manhattan) and Broadway (Brooklyn) across the East River.

<i>Titanic</i> Memorial (New York City) lighthouse in New York, United States

The Titanic Memorial is a 60-foot-tall (18 m) lighthouse located at Fulton and Pearl streets in Manhattan, New York City. It was built, due in part to the instigation of Margaret Brown, to remember the people who died on the RMS Titanic on April 15, 1912. Its design incorporates the use of a time ball.

History of transportation in New York City

Transportation in New York City has ranged from strong Dutch authority in the 17th century, expansionism during the industrial era in the 19th century and half of the 20th century, to cronyism during the Robert Moses era. The shape of New York City's transportation system changed as the city did, and the result is an expansive modern-day system of industrial-era infrastructure. New York City, being the most populous city in the United States, has a transportation system which includes one of the largest subway systems in the world; the world's first mechanically ventilated vehicular tunnel; and an aerial tramway.

<i>Lettie G. Howard</i> United States national historic site

Lettie G. Howard, formerly Mystic C and Caviare, is a wooden Fredonia schooner built in 1893 in Essex, Massachusetts, USA. This type of craft was commonly used by American offshore fishermen, and is believed to be the last surviving example of its type. She was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1989. She is now based at the South Street Seaport Museum in New York City.

<i>Admiral Dewey</i> (tugboat) United States national historic site

Admiral Dewey, also known as Georgetown and today as Helen McAllister, is a 113 feet (34 m) tugboat built in 1900 at the Burlee Drydock in Port Richmond, New York. She was built with a 900 horsepower (670 kW) triple expansion compound steam engine which was replaced with a diesel engine after World War II. She towed coal barges to refuel ships in the harbor. In 1955, she was sold to a Charleston, South Carolina tugboat company. In the 1980s, the McAllister tugboat company of New York purchased the company and brought the renamed Helen McAllister back to New York harbor. She helped dock tall ships during Op Sail 1992.

Coenties Slip Street in Manhattan, New York

Coenties Slip, originally an artificial inlet in the East River for the loading and unloading of ships that was land-filled in 1835, is a historic street in Lower Manhattan, New York City, in the heart of the Financial District. It runs southeast from Pearl Street to South Street, a distance of two blocks. The entire length of the road is a pedestrian street, though before 2013, the block north of Water Street carried vehicular traffic.

West Midtown Ferry Terminal

The West Midtown Ferry Terminal is a passenger bus and ferry terminal serving ferries along the Hudson River in New York City and northeastern New Jersey. It is located at Piers 78 and 79 in Hudson River Park adjacent to the West Side Highway at West 39th Street in Midtown Manhattan. The municipally-owned facility opened in 2005 as multi-user terminal to accommodate an increasing demand for ferry service in the Port of New York and New Jersey and to provide ferry slips for short haul crossings, water taxis, and high-speed long distance service. Built largely with public funds the West Midtown became upon its opening one of the principal terminals used by the private NY Waterway-operated routes to Jersey City, Hoboken, Weehawken, and Edgewater.

United States lightship <i>Ambrose</i> (LV-87) United States national historic site

The United States Lightship LV-87/WAL-512 (Ambrose) is a riveted steel lightship built in 1907 and served at the Ambrose Channel lightship station from December 1, 1908, until 1932, and in other posts until her decommissioning in 1966. It is one of a small number of preserved American lightships, and now serves as a museum ship at the South Street Seaport Museum in southern Manhattan, New York City.

East River Greenway

The East River Greenway is an approximately 9.44-mile-long (15.19 km) foreshoreway for walking or cycling on the east side of the island of Manhattan on the East River. It is part of the Manhattan Waterfront Greenway. The largest portions are operated by the New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. It is separated from motor traffic, and many sections also separate pedestrians from cyclists. The greenway is parallel to the Franklin D. Roosevelt East River Drive for a majority of its length.



  1. 1 2 "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places . National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "South Street Seaport Historic District DesignationReport" (PDF). 1977. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 19, 2013. Retrieved May 12, 2013.
  3. 1 2 3 Jackson, Kenneth T., ed. (1995), The Encyclopedia of New York City , New Haven: Yale University Press, ISBN   0300055366 , pp. 1214–1215
  4. Linda S. Cordell; et al. (2008). Archaeology in America: An Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. p. 123. ISBN   0313021899.
  5. Sarah Harrison Smith (January 11, 2013). "Water and Land, Past and Present". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 19, 2013. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
  6. Kroessler 2002, pp. 36–37
  7. Berube, Claude G.; Rodgaard, John A. (2005). A Call To The Sea. Potomac Books. p. 7. ISBN   1612342299.
  8. Jyh-Ming Yang (2008). Lost in Transliteration: The Tolerance of Unintelligibility in Chinese Bibliographic Records in Western Libraries. The University of Wisconsin -Madison. ProQuest. p. 61. ISBN   0549801332.
  9. Kroessler 2002, p. 52
  10. Patrick Bunyan (2010). All Around the Town: Amazing Manhattan Facts and Curiosities, Second Edition. Empire State Editions Series (2 ed.). Fordham Univ Press. pp. 52–53. ISBN   0823231747.
  11. Kroessler 2002, p. 70
  12. McKay 1969, p. 130
  13. Charles R. Geisst (2009). Encyclopedia of American Business History. Infobase Publishing. p. 389. ISBN   1438109873.
  14. Jessica Dailey (May 15, 2012). "Vintage Photos of the Fulton Fish Market in its Glory Days". Curbed NY. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
  15. Andrew Jacobs (November 11, 2005). "On Fish Market's Last Day, Tough Guys and Moist Eyes". The New York Times. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
  16. Kroessler 2002, p. 74
  17. Howard B. Rock (1989). The New York City Artisan: 1789 – 1825; a Documentary History. SUNY series in American labour history. SUNY Press. p. 113. ISBN   1438417594.
  18. Randall Gabrielan (2000). New York City's Financial District in Vintage Postcards. The postcard history series. Arcadia Publishing. p. 90. ISBN   0738500682.
  19. Ann L. Buttenwieser (1999). Manhattan Water-bound: Manhattan's Waterfront from the Seventeenth Century to the Present. Syracuse University Press. New York City History and Culture Series (2 ed.). p. 41. ISBN   0815628013.
  20. Kroessler 2002, p. 81
  21. Thomas Floyd-Jones (1914). Backward glances: reminiscences of an old New-Yorker. Unionist Gazette Association. pp. 7–8.
  22. Fordham. "Fordham College at Lincoln Center" . Retrieved March 14, 2016.
  23. Pogrebin, Robin (April 15, 2015). "Susan Henshaw Jones to Leave Museum of the City of New York". New York Times. Retrieved April 16, 2015.
  24. "South Street Seaport Businesses Struggle to Recover from Sandy Flooding". DNAinfo New York. Archived from the original on September 23, 2015. Retrieved March 14, 2016.
  25. "South Street Seaport's Pier 17 will start opening this April". Curbed NY. Retrieved May 2, 2018.
  26. Ferry, Shannan (July 28, 2018). "South Street Seaport's Pier 17 aims to redefine the NYC concert experience". Spectrum News NY1 | New York City. Retrieved January 10, 2019.
  27. "South Street Seaport's Pier 17 reborn after Superstorm Sandy". ABC7 New York. July 1, 2018. Retrieved January 10, 2019.
  28. Cuozzo, Steve (March 21, 2017). "South Street Seaport's Pier 17 slated for 2018". New York Post. Retrieved January 9, 2019.
  29. Hazlett, Kurt (August 20, 2004). "General Growth Buys Rouse Co. in $12.6 Billion Deal". National Real Estate Investor.
  30. "General Growth Properties emerges from bankruptcy". November 9, 2010.
  31. "History of NYC Streets: The Secrets of the Slips in Lower Manhattan". Untapped Cities. November 14, 2012. Retrieved January 9, 2019.
  32. "Pleasure Dome: A 'Remote Country Field' Turns Peck Slip Playful | Tribeca Trib Online". Retrieved January 9, 2019.
  33. "PS 343 The Peck Slip School - District 2". InsideSchools. Retrieved February 26, 2019.
  34. "Howard Hughes buys Milstein's Seaport site for $180M". The Real Deal New York. June 11, 2018. Retrieved February 26, 2019.
  35. Glassman, Carl (June 13, 2018). "Hughes Corp. Buys a Seaport Block, Its Plans for the Property Unknown". Tribeca Trib Online. Retrieved February 26, 2019.
  36. America's National Maritime Museum Designation Act Archived April 2, 2009, at the Wayback Machine , Accessed September 18, 2007.
  37. "Lower Manhattan's hot new Pier 17 is open for business". Metro US. June 15, 2018. Retrieved August 12, 2018.
  38. Official Guide Staff. "pier 15, south street seaport". NYC Official Guide. Retrieved February 5, 2016.
  39. "DIRECTORY".
  40. Cuozzo, Steve (October 9, 2017). "ESPN to debut glimmering NYC studios next spring". New York Post. Retrieved October 14, 2017.
  41. "Ambrose". South Street Seaport Museum. Archived from the original on May 19, 2013. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
  42. Bill Sanderson (April 25, 2011). "Abandoning ships: City's old vessels lost in fog of debt, neglect". New York Post. Archived from the original on May 19, 2013. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
  43. Stephen Nessen (March 5, 2012). "Ambrose Lightship Returns to South Street Seaport Museum". WNYC. Archived from the original on May 19, 2013. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
  44. MarlaDiamond (April 25, 2011). "South Street Seaport Museum Ships Falling Apart". CBS. Archived from the original on May 19, 2013. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
  45. "LIGHTSHIP NO. 87 "AMBROSE"". U.S. National ParkService. Archived from the original on September 29, 2012. Retrieved April 15, 2014.
  46. Kevin J. Foster (1988). "Lightship No. 87 "Ambrose" National Historic Landmark Study". US National Park Service. Retrieved April 15, 2014.
  47. Arthur G. Adams (1996). The Hudson River Guidebook (2 ed.). Fordham University Press. p. 22. ISBN   0823216799.
  48. "Lettie G. Howard". South Street Seaport Museum. Archived from the original on May 19, 2013. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
  49. Barbara La Rocco (2004). Going Coastal New York City. Going Coastal, Inc. p. 192. ISBN   0-9729803-0-X.
  50. "LETTIE G. HOWARD (Schooner)". U.S. National ParkService. Archived from the original on March 18, 2012. Retrieved April 15, 2014.
  51. "National Register of Historic Places Registration Form". US National Park Service.
  52. "Pioneer". South Street Seaport Museum.
  53. AdamSachs. "Pioneer Schooner – Sail Back In Time". New York Magazine. Archived from the original on May 19, 2013. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
  54. "W. O. Decker". South Street Seaport Museum. Archived from the original on May 19, 2013. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
  55. PaulFreireich (July 20, 2003). "Q & A – New York by Tugboat". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 19, 2013. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
  56. "Tug W.O. Decker". The Travels of Tug 44. Retrieved April 15, 2014.
  57. "W. O. Decker". South Street Seaport Museum. Archived from the original on May 19, 2013. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
  58. Dan Michael Worrall (2009). The Anglo-German Concertina: A SocialHistory. p. 1. ISBN   0982599609.
  59. Braynard, Frank Osborn (1993). The Tall Ships of Today in Photographs. Dover Publications. pp. 45–46. ISBN   9780486271637.
  60. "Manhattan Bus Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. December 2017. Retrieved April 24, 2018.
  61. "Ferry Information". NYCDOT. Retrieved October 17, 2011.
  62. "Subway Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 1, 2019. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
  63. "MTA Capital Construction – Second Avenue Subway: Project Description". Metropolitan Transportation Authority . Retrieved April 30, 2010.
  64. Mondello, Bob. "I Am Legend a One-Man American Metaphor", NPR, December 14, 2017. "There's not a person in sight anywhere — except Robert Neville, who travels, when the sun is highest in the sky, to the South Street Seaport, to broadcast the same message he's been broadcasting for almost three years: 'If anyone is out there, I can provide food, shelter, security. If there's anybody out there ... you are not alone.'"
  65. "South Street Seaport". On Location Tours. Retrieved January 9, 2019.
  66. "South Street Seaport". On Location Tours. Retrieved January 9, 2019.
  67. Rorke, Robert (August 8, 2014). "How 'The Knick' turned the streets of Manhattan into old New York". New York Post. Retrieved January 9, 2019.
  68. "Gritty NYC Filming Locations That Still Exist". Spotted by Locals. April 2, 2018. Retrieved January 9, 2019.
  69. A Thousand Clowns (1965) , retrieved January 9, 2019
  70. "Kojak" Sister Maria (TV Episode 1977) , retrieved January 9, 2019
  71. "Pier 17 – Crysis 2 Map Focus". EA. Archived from the original on February 14, 2011. Retrieved March 6, 2011.
  72. "Officials Show Design of New Peck Slip School in Old Post Office Building" . Retrieved March 14, 2016.


Further reading