Westfield World Trade Center

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Westfield World Trade Center
Oculus World Trade Center - August 18 2016.jpg
The portion of the mall inside the Oculus
Location United States
Coordinates 40°42′40.58″N74°0′42.84″W / 40.7112722°N 74.0119000°W / 40.7112722; -74.0119000 Coordinates: 40°42′40.58″N74°0′42.84″W / 40.7112722°N 74.0119000°W / 40.7112722; -74.0119000
Address185 Greenwich Street, Manhattan, New York 10007
Opening dateAugust 16, 2016;3 years ago (August 16, 2016)
Management Unibail-Rodamco-Westfield
Owner Port Authority of New York and New Jersey
Architect Santiago Calatrava
No. of stores and services116
No. of floors2
Public transit access New York City Subway :
NYCS-bull-trans-1-Std.svg at WTC Cortlandt
NYCS-bull-trans-E-Std.svg at World Trade Center
NYCS-bull-trans-N-Std.svg NYCS-bull-trans-R-Std.svg NYCS-bull-trans-W-Std.svg at Cortlandt Street
BSicon BAHN.svg PATH logo.svg PATH : NWK–WTC, HOB–WTC (at World Trade Center)
MTA Regional Bus Operations: M55
Website www.westfield.com/westfieldworldtradecenter

Westfield World Trade Center is a shopping center at the World Trade Center complex in Manhattan, New York, that is operated and managed by Unibail-Rodamco-Westfield. The mall opened on August 16, 2016 as the largest shopping complex in Manhattan, with 125 retail spaces. It replaces the Mall at the World Trade Center, the underground shopping mall under the original World Trade Center, which was destroyed on September 11, 2001.

World Trade Center (2001–present) Skyscraper complex in Manhattan, New York

The World Trade Center is a mostly completed complex of buildings in Lower Manhattan, New York City, U.S., replacing the original seven buildings on the same site that were destroyed in the September 11 attacks. The site is being rebuilt with up to six new skyscrapers, four of which have been completed; a memorial and museum to those killed in the attacks; the elevated Liberty Park adjacent to the site, containing the St. Nicholas Greek Orthodox Church and Vehicular Security Center; and a transportation hub. The 104-story One World Trade Center, the tallest building in the Western Hemisphere, is the lead building for the new complex.

Manhattan Borough in New York City and county in New York, United States

Manhattan, , is the most densely populated of the five boroughs of New York City, coextensive with New York County, one of the original counties of the U.S. state of New York. Manhattan serves as the city's economic and administrative center, cultural identifier, and historical birthplace. The borough consists mostly of Manhattan Island, bounded by the Hudson, East, and Harlem rivers; several small adjacent islands; and Marble Hill, a small neighborhood now on the U.S. mainland, physically connected to the Bronx and separated from the rest of Manhattan by the Harlem River. Manhattan Island is divided into three informally bounded components, each aligned with the borough's long axis: Lower, Midtown, and Upper Manhattan.

New York (state) American state

New York is a state in the Northeastern United States. New York was one of the original thirteen colonies that formed the United States. With an estimated 19.54 million residents in 2018, it is the fourth most populous state. In order to distinguish the state from the city with the same name, it is sometimes referred to as New York State.

Contents

Original mall (1975–2001)

Map of the original mall prior to its destruction on September 11, 2001. Map of the Mall at the World Trade Center.svg
Map of the original mall prior to its destruction on September 11, 2001.

The Mall at the World Trade Center was an indoor underground shopping mall that was located in the concourse area of the original World Trade Center complex. Most of the mall was located underneath 4 and 5 World Trade Center, as well as under the Austin J. Tobin Plaza. Completed in 1975, it was the largest shopping mall in New York City, and was managed by the Westfield Group. The main entrance was located on the south side of 4 World Trade Center facing Liberty Street with escalators going down into the concourse. The other entrance was located on the east side of 5 World Trade Center facing Church Street. The mall was also accessible from the lobbies of the Twin Towers, and it served as the point of access or transfer to the Chambers Street–World Trade Center subway station on the A , C , and E trains. PATH trains intersected in the basement levels, which were located under the mall.

Shopping mall Complex of shops with interconnecting walkways

A shopping mall is a modern, chiefly North American, term for a form of shopping precinct or shopping center in which one or more buildings form a complex of shops with interconnecting walkways, usually indoors. In 2017, shopping malls accounted for 8% of retailing space in the United States.

A concourse is a place where pathways or roads meet, such as in a hotel, a convention center, a railway station, an airport terminal, a hall, or other space.

World Trade Center (1973–2001) Former skyscraper complex in Manhattan, New York

The original World Trade Center was a large complex of seven buildings in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan, New York City, United States. It opened on April 4, 1973, and was destroyed in 2001 during the September 11 attacks. At the time of their completion, the Twin Towers — the original 1 World Trade Center, at 1,368 feet (417 m); and 2 World Trade Center, at 1,362 feet (415.1 m)—were the tallest buildings in the world. Other buildings in the complex included the Marriott World Trade Center, 4 WTC, 5 WTC, 6 WTC, and 7 WTC. The complex contained 13,400,000 square feet (1,240,000 m2) of office space.

The mall included eateries as well as approximately 80 stores, including Duane Reade, Gap, Sam Goody, Victoria's Secret, and the Warner Bros. Studio Store. Thousands of people traveled through the mall daily.

Duane Reade chain of pharmacy and convenience stores

Duane Reade Inc. is a chain of pharmacy and convenience stores owned by Walgreens Boots Alliance. They are primarily located in New York City, known for its high volume small store layouts in densely populated Manhattan locations. In 2012 the company headquarters was moved to 40 Wall Street in Lower Manhattan, the location of its newest flagship store.

Gap Inc. American multinational clothing and accessories retailer

The Gap, Inc., commonly known as Gap Inc. or Gap, is an American worldwide clothing and accessories retailer.

Sam Goody was a music and entertainment retailer in the United States and United Kingdom, operated by The Musicland Group inc. It was purchased by Best Buy in 2000, sold to Sun Capital in 2003, and filed for bankruptcy in 2006, closing most of its stores. The remaining stores were purchased by Trans World Entertainment which also runs FYE, Saturday Matinee, and Suncoast Motion Picture Company. It specialized in music, video, and video game sales. In 2008 Trans World converted most Sam Goody stores into FYE, though some still operate under the Sam Goody name.

In August 2001, the Port Authority of New York & New Jersey leased the mall to the Westfield Group. After the purchase, Westfield was planning a massive renovation and expansion of the mall, and was going to rename it Westfield Shoppingtown World Trade Center in 2002.

Westfield Group Australian shopping centre group

Westfield Group was an Australian shopping centre company that existed from 1960 to 2014, when it split into two independent companies: Scentre Group, which now owns and operates the Australian and New Zealand Westfield shopping centre portfolio; and Westfield Corporation, which continued to own and operate the American and European center portfolio.

September 11 attacks

A commonly reported story of eyewitnesses inside the mall at 8:46 a.m. EDT, when American Airlines Flight 11 struck the North Tower, is of fireballs fed by flaming jet fuel shooting down the elevator shafts and bursting out of the elevators inside the lobby, with many of the fireballs reaching as far as the mall itself.

American Airlines Flight 11 9/11 hijacked passenger flight, hit the North Tower of the World Trade Center

American Airlines Flight 11 was a domestic passenger flight that was hijacked by five al-Qaeda members on September 11, 2001, as part of the September 11 attacks. Mohamed Atta deliberately crashed the plane into the North Tower of the World Trade Center in New York City, killing all 92 people aboard and an unknown number in the building's impact zone. The aircraft involved, a Boeing 767-223ER, registration N334AA, was flying American Airlines' daily scheduled morning transcontinental service from Logan International Airport in Boston to Los Angeles International Airport in Los Angeles.

As stated in the 9/11 Commission Report:

The Port Authority's on-site commanding police officer was standing in the concourse when a fireball exploded out of the North Tower lobby, causing him to dive for cover. [1]

The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey (PANYNJ) is a joint venture between the U.S. states of New York and New Jersey, established in 1921 through an interstate compact authorized by the United States Congress. The Port Authority oversees much of the regional transportation infrastructure, including bridges, tunnels, airports, and seaports, within the geographical jurisdiction of the Port of New York and New Jersey. This 1,500-square-mile (3,900 km2) port district is generally encompassed within a 25-mile (40 km) radius of the Statue of Liberty National Monument. The Port Authority is headquartered at 4 World Trade Center and is a member of the Real Estate Board of New York.

Survivor Allison Summers described the conditions in the mall right after the terrorist attack:

I had almost reached the [Cortlandt Street] Uptown 1 and 9 station when there was an enormous explosion. The building shook. I heard people say, 'Oh, no.' Some, not many, were screaming. ... I looked ahead past Banana Republic, past Citibank to the plaza outside. At that moment, there was a terrifying tidal wave of smoke filling the doorway. It began to shoot forward. The smoke had this enormous momentum that started to come towards us, as if it had a will of its own. We ran. We ran together past the Coach store. We ran to get out of the path of this enormous wave of smoke. It was like we were being chased. All the people on the concourse ran. We turned right, heading toward the PATH trains. As we ran, shop assistants were calling in doorways, 'What happened? What happened?' But we were running so fast we couldn't answer them and they ran with us. Some people were crying; some people were screaming. We moved as one body. No one pushed and no one shoved. We all had the same intention: to get out of the building. [2]

Shortly after the first impact, water began spraying into the mall from broken pipes or activated sprinkler systems. As Erik Ronningen describes:

I drag my body down through the decimated main lobby [of the North Tower], through a waterfall from the Mall ceiling, and wade the darkened Mall corridor through 75 yards [69 m] of ankle-deep water to Tower Two." [3]

The mall itself played an important role during the attacks because the people who were evacuating the Twin Towers could not exit outside onto the plaza because of falling debris, so they traveled through the mall, and exited through either 4 or 5 World Trade Center.

Current mall (2016–present)

Westfield World Trade Center from outside.jpg
Westfield Mall.jpg
Exterior and interior of the Oculus building at Westfield World Trade Center
One World Trade Center (formerly known as the Freedom Tower) as seen through the glass ceiling of the mall. Freedom Tower as seen from WTC mall, 2017.jpg
One World Trade Center (formerly known as the Freedom Tower) as seen through the glass ceiling of the mall.

Westfield World Trade Center has roughly 365,000 square feet (33,900 m2) of retail space. Although the new mall is only spread over roughly one-half of the original mall's footprint (due to the new space required for the below-grade National September 11 Memorial & Museum), the mall is double-level, whereas the original mall was a single level. Three additional levels will exist above-grade on the lower floors of 2 and 3 World Trade Center, while 4 World Trade Center currently houses four above-grade levels. The World Trade Center station's headhouse, the Oculus, also houses a large amount of retail space. [4]

According to developer Larry Silverstein, whose firm Silverstein Properties was replaced by Westfield Corporation as the developer:

The design we have developed with the Port Authority calls for not only rebuilding the retail space that was lost on 9/11, but going above and beyond what was there before. We want to create a real destination for visitors and shoppers, a center that will share many of the attributes of the city's great retail hubs. [4]

Construction on the One World Trade Center portion of the mall began in 2007. In February 2012, Westfield Corporation entered an agreement with the Port Authority, which owns the rest of the World Trade Center site, to jointly own and manage the mall. At the same time, Westfield began marketing space in the mall and opened a leasing office in 7 World Trade Center. [5] In December 2013, the Port Authority sold its remaining stake in the retail development to Westfield. [6] This also brings retail at the World Trade Center to Westfield's complete control. The mall was 80% leased as of June 2014. [7] The mall's 125 retail spaces were fully leased by October 2015. [8] [9]

The mall opened on August 16, 2016, with a concert headlined by John Legend and Leslie Odom Jr., [10] [11] the opening of a food court [12] and stores such as Pandora [13] and Apple. [11] In total, there were 60 stores in the mall when it opened. [11] By 2017, there were 82 stores within the mall, although much of the mall's space had not been leased. Some tenants were also moving out, and the Port Authority was also rebuilding nine storefronts in front of the PATH station's entrance. [14] These nine storefronts, which were considered prime retail space, were not available because that location had been the site of the former entrance to the temporary PATH station. [15]

Workers open up the glass ceiling to make repairs Oculus glass ceiling going through repairs.jpg
Workers open up the glass ceiling to make repairs


Related Research Articles

World Trade Center site Grounds of the World Trade Center in New York City

The World Trade Center site, formerly referred to as "Ground Zero" or "the Pile" immediately after the September 11 attacks, is a 14.6-acre (5.9 ha) area in Lower Manhattan in New York City. The site is bounded by Vesey Street to the north, the West Side Highway to the west, Liberty Street to the south, and Church Street to the east. The Port Authority owns the site's land. The previous World Trade Center complex stood on the site until it was destroyed in the September 11 attacks.

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Garden State Plaza shopping mall in Paramus, New Jersey

Garden State Plaza, formally known as Westfield Garden State Plaza, is a two-story shopping mall located in Paramus, New Jersey, owned and managed by Unibail-Rodamco-Westfield, and located at the intersection of Route 4 and Route 17 near the Garden State Parkway, about 15 miles west of Manhattan. With 2,118,718 sq ft (196,835.3 m2) of leasable space, and housing over 300 stores, it is the largest mall in New Jersey, the third-largest mall in the New York metropolitan area, and one of the highest-revenue producing malls in the United States. Its department store anchors are Lord & Taylor, Macy's, Neiman Marcus, and Nordstrom. It was the first large scale shopping mall in New Jersey.

Larry Silverstein American businessman

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Westfield Parramatta is a shopping centre in Parramatta, a suburb within the Greater Sydney Metropolitan area Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. The centre is owned and managed by The Westfield Group. In July 2014, the Westfield Group became two companies Scentre Group and Westfield Corporation. This shopping centre is now managed by Scentre Group. It has a net leasable area of approximately 137,407m² and contains 498 shops built over five levels, making it Australia's fourth largest shopping centre by Gross Leasable Area (GLA).

WTC Cortlandt station New York City Subway station in Manhattan

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World Trade Center station (PATH) Port Authority Trans-Hudson rail station

World Trade Center is a terminal station on the PATH system. It is located in the World Trade Center complex, within the Financial District neighborhood of Manhattan in New York City. It is served by the Newark–World Trade Center line on weekdays and holiday weekends, as well as by the Hoboken–World Trade Center line on weekdays, and is the eastern terminus of both.

Fulton Center New York City Subway station in Manhattan, New York

Fulton Center is a transit center and retail complex centered at the intersection of Fulton Street and Broadway in Lower Manhattan, New York City. The name also refers to the $1.4 billion project by the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA), a public agency of the state of New York, to rehabilitate the New York City Subway's Fulton Street station. The work involved constructing new underground passageways and access points into the complex, renovating the constituent stations, and erecting a large station building that doubles as a part of the Westfield World Trade Center mall.

One World Trade Center Main building of the rebuilt World Trade Center complex in Lower Manhattan, New York City

One World Trade Center is the main building of the rebuilt World Trade Center complex in Lower Manhattan, New York City. One WTC is the tallest building in the United States, the tallest building in the Western Hemisphere, and the sixth-tallest in the world. The supertall structure has the same name as the North Tower of the original World Trade Center, which was destroyed in the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. The new skyscraper stands on the northwest corner of the 16-acre (6.5 ha) World Trade Center site, on the site of the original 6 World Trade Center. The building is bounded by West Street to the west, Vesey Street to the north, Fulton Street to the south, and Washington Street to the east.

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5 World Trade Center Proposed skyscraper in Manhattan, New York

5 World Trade Center is a planned skyscraper at the World Trade Center in Lower Manhattan, New York City. The site is across Liberty Street, to the south of the main 16-acre (6.5 ha) World Trade Center site. As of June 2018, the project is on standby while the Port Authority explores a potential sale of the lot to a developer and looks for tenants to occupy the skyscraper. The proposed building shares its name with the original 5 World Trade Center, which was heavily damaged as a result of the collapse of the North Tower during the September 11 attacks and was later demolished. The Port Authority has no plans to construct a building at 130 Liberty Street, although it is open to future development of the site as office, retail, hotel, residential or some mix of those uses.

4 World Trade Center Office skyscraper in Manhattan, New York

4 World Trade Center is a skyscraper that is part of the World Trade Center complex in New York City. It is located on the southeast corner of the 16-acre (6.5 ha) World Trade Center site, where the original nine-story 4 World Trade Center stood. Pritzker Prize-winning architect Fumihiko Maki was awarded the contract to design the 978-foot-tall (298 m) building. It houses the headquarters of the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey (PANYNJ).

3 World Trade Center Office skyscraper in Manhattan, New York

3 World Trade Center is a skyscraper constructed as part of the rebuilding of the World Trade Center in Lower Manhattan, New York City. The tower is located on the east side of Greenwich Street, on the eastern side of the World Trade Center site.

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2 World Trade Center Unfinished skyscraper in Manhattan, New York

2 World Trade Center is a skyscraper under construction as part of the World Trade Center complex in Manhattan, New York City. It will replace the original 2 World Trade Center, which was completed in 1972, and subsequently destroyed during the September 11 attacks in 2001, and it will occupy the position of the original 5 World Trade Center. The foundation work was completed in 2013.

References

  1. "Staff Statement: Emergency Preparedness and Response" (PDF). 9-11 Commission.
  2. "New York Metro - World Trade Center Attack". New York. September 11, 2002. Retrieved July 17, 2009.
  3. "Be well. Practice big medicine". Bigmedicine.ca. Retrieved July 17, 2009.
  4. 1 2 "Retail || About the WTC || World Trade Center ||". Wtc.com. Retrieved December 16, 2012.
  5. Coleman, Steve. "WORLD-CLASS RETAIL COMING TO WORLD TRADE CENTER UNDER JOINT VENTURE BETWEEN PORT AUTHORITY & WESTFIELD GROUP". Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. Retrieved January 24, 2013.
  6. "PORT AUTHORITY SELLS REMAINING INTEREST IN THE WORLD TRADE CENTER RETAIL PROJECT TO THE WESTFIELD GROUP". Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. Retrieved December 14, 2013.
  7. Keiko Morris (June 8, 2014). "Westfield's Underground Mall at World Trade Center Draws Marquee Retailers". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved August 5, 2015.
  8. Gurfein, Laura (October 27, 2015). "Here are 98 of the 125 World Trade Center Stores Opening in 2016 (Updated)". Racked NY. Retrieved September 16, 2018.
  9. "Update: Who's Onboard at the World Trade Center Mall". Tribeca Citizen. October 20, 2015. Retrieved September 16, 2018.
  10. Rogers, Katie (August 17, 2016). "John Legend Performs at Westfield World Trade Center Opening". The New York Times. ISSN   0362-4331 . Retrieved August 18, 2016.
  11. 1 2 3 Kirby, Jen (August 16, 2016). "Here's a Look at the World Trade Center Mall That's Reopening Today". Daily Intelligencer. Retrieved August 18, 2016.
  12. Diez, Patty (August 17, 2016). "Westfield World Trade Center Mall Now Open With New Dining Options". Eater NY. Retrieved August 18, 2016.
  13. "PANDORA Jewelry Opens New Store at Westfield World Trade Center". Yahoo! Finance. August 18, 2016. Retrieved August 18, 2016.
  14. Morris, Keiko (August 5, 2017). "World Trade Center Retail Space Tries to Find Its Footing". WSJ. Retrieved September 16, 2018.
  15. "Why a prime stretch of Westfield's WTC mall will be empty for another year". The Real Deal New York. August 7, 2017. Retrieved September 16, 2018.