1251 Avenue of the Americas

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1251 Avenue of the Americas
1251 Avenue of the Americas.JPG
The base of 1251 Avenue of the Americas
1251 Avenue of the Americas
General information
StatusComplete
TypeOffice
Architectural style New Formalism
Location1251 Avenue of the Americas, New York City, New York
Coordinates 40°45′36″N73°58′53″W / 40.76000°N 73.98139°W / 40.76000; -73.98139 Coordinates: 40°45′36″N73°58′53″W / 40.76000°N 73.98139°W / 40.76000; -73.98139
Construction started1965
Completed1968
Opening1971
Owner Mitsui Fudosan
Height
Roof750 feet (230 m)
Top floor53
Technical details
Floor count54
Floor area2,101,115 sq ft (195,200 m2)
Lifts/elevators36
Design and construction
Architect Wallace Harrison
Structural engineerEdwards & Hjorth
Main contractorGeorge A. Fuller Co.
References
[1]

1251 Avenue of the Americas, formerly known as the Exxon Building, is a skyscraper on Sixth Avenue (also known as Avenue of the Americas), between 49th and 50th Streets, in Manhattan, New York City. It is owned by Mitsui Fudosan. The structure is built in the international style [2] and looks like a simple cuboid devoid of any ornamentation. The vertical façade consists of alternating narrow glass and limestone stripes. The glass stripes are created by windows and opaque spandrels, forming continuous areas that are washed by machines sliding down the façade. A seven-floor base wraps around the western portion of the building, and there is a sunken plaza with a large two-tier pool and fountains facing Sixth Avenue. In the plaza stands the bronze statue named Out to Lunch [3] by John Seward Johnson II—of the same series as the one standing outside 270 Park Avenue. [4]

Contents

Background

Buildings of Rockefeller Center

Buildings and structures in Rockefeller Center:
1
1 Rockefeller Plaza
2
10 Rockefeller Plaza
3
La Maison Francaise
4
British Empire Building
5
30 Rockefeller Plaza
6
International Building
7
50 Rockefeller Plaza
8
1230 Avenue of the Americas
9
Radio City Music Hall
10
1270 Avenue of the Americas
11
75 Rockefeller Plaza
12
600 Fifth Avenue
13
608 Fifth Avenue
14
1271 Avenue of the Americas
15
1251 Avenue of the Americas
16
1221 Avenue of the Americas
17
1211 Avenue of the Americas

The building was part of the later Rockefeller Center expansion (1960s1970s) dubbed the "XYZ Buildings". [5] Their plans were first drawn in 1963 by the Rockefeller family's architect, Wallace Harrison, of the architectural firm Harrison & Abramovitz. [6] Their letters correspond to their height. 1251 Avenue of the Americas is the "X" Building as it is the tallest at 750 ft (229 m) and 54 stories, and was the first completed, in 1971. The "Y" is 1221 Avenue of the Americas, which was the second tower completed (1973) and is the second in height (674 ft and 51 stories). The "Z" Building, the shortest and the youngest, is 1211 Avenue of the Americas with 45 stories (592 ft). [7] 1251 is the second-tallest building in the whole of Rockefeller Center, after 30 Rockefeller Plaza.

Despite being one of the 100 tallest buildings in the United States, 1251 Avenue of the Americas is almost impossible to see from more than just a few blocks away as it is flanked on all sides by buildings over 500 feet tall. The result is that even though 1251 Avenue of the Americas is approximately as tall as the tallest buildings in cities such as Boston or Minneapolis, it has almost no presence on the New York City skyline.

In 1989, Exxon announced that it was moving its headquarters and around 300 employees from New York City to the Las Colinas area of Irving, Texas. Exxon sold the Exxon Building, its former headquarters, to a unit of Mitsui Real Estate Development Co. Ltd. in 1986 for $610 million. John Walsh, president of Exxon subsidiary Friendswood Development Company, stated that Exxon left New York because the costs were too high. Its New York offices moved to Brooklyn; it no longer retains a presence in Rockefeller Center. [8]

In May 2013, the structure received silver certification under the U.S. Green Building Council’s LEED for Existing Buildings Rating System. [9]

Art

Artist-authorized replica of Pablo Picasso's tapestry for the ballet Mercure MercurePicasso.JPG
Artist-authorized replica of Pablo Picasso's tapestry for the ballet Mercure

Inside, on the western end of 1251's atrium hangs an artist-authorized replica of a tapestry Pablo Picasso created for the ballet Mercure, the original of which hangs in the Musée National d'Art Moderne in Paris, France. It was created specifically for the building, as per the plaque beneath it.

See also

Related Research Articles

Wallace Harrison American architect

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47th–50th Streets–Rockefeller Center station New York City Subway station in Manhattan

47th–50th Streets–Rockefeller Center is an express station on the IND Sixth Avenue Line of the New York City Subway. It is located along Sixth Avenue between 47th and 50th Streets, on the west side of Rockefeller Center. The station is served by the D and F trains at all times, the B and M trains on weekdays, and the <F> train during rush hours in the peak direction. In 2018, it was the 12th busiest subway station in the system.

50th Street (Manhattan) West-east street in Manhattan, New York

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1221 Avenue of the Americas Office skyscraper in Manhattan, New York

1221 Avenue of the Americas is an international-style skyscraper at 1221 Sixth Avenue, in Midtown Manhattan, New York City. The 51-floor structure has a seven-story base and a simple, cuboid massing. The facade has no decoration and consists of red granite piers alternating with glass stripes to underline the tower's verticality.

270 Park Avenue Office skyscraper in Manhattan, New York

270 Park Avenue was a high-rise office building located in Midtown Manhattan, New York City. It was designed by Gordon Bunshaft and Natalie de Blois for Skidmore, Owings & Merrill. 270 Park Avenue was built between 1957 and 1960 and was 708 ft (216 m) tall.

1345 Avenue of the Americas Office skyscraper in Manhattan, New York

1345 Avenue of the Americas, also known as the AllianceBernstein Building, is a 625-foot (191 m)-tall, 50-story skyscraper in Midtown Manhattan New York City, New York. Located on Sixth Avenue between 54th and 55th Streets, the building was built by Fisher Brothers and designed by Emery Roth & Sons. When completed in 1969, the building was originally known as Burlington House, after Burlington Industries.

One Dag Hammarskjöld Plaza Office skyscraper in Manhattan, New York

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1211 Avenue of the Americas Office skyscraper in Manhattan, New York

1211 Avenue of the Americas is an International style skyscraper on Sixth Avenue in Midtown Manhattan, New York City. Formerly called the Celanese Building, it was completed in 1973 as part of the later Rockefeller Center expansion (1960s–1970s) dubbed the "XYZ Buildings". The Celanese Corporation would later move to Dallas, Texas. Currently, 1211 is owned by Ivanhoé Cambridge. The structure has a simple slab-like shape devoid of any decoration, its prosaic façade consisting of vertical alternating limestone and glass stripes. The façade stone piers are supernumerary; there are twice as many of them as structurally necessary. The glass bands are continuous and offer no indication of floor levels. These features ably create the visual lack of scale, so the tower does not look overly bulky.

75 Rockefeller Plaza Office skyscraper in Manhattan, New York

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BOK Park Plaza

BOK Park Plaza is an office skyscraper in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. Construction began in 2015 and the building was completed in 2018. At a height of 433 ft, it is the sixth tallest building in Oklahoma City. The building contains 27 floors and received an LEED-CS GOLD energy label.

Construction of Rockefeller Center Construction project in New York City (1931–1974)

The construction of the Rockefeller Center complex in New York City was conceived as an urban renewal project in the late 1920s, spearheaded by John D. Rockefeller Jr. to help revitalize Midtown Manhattan. Rockefeller Center is located on one of Columbia University's former campuses and is bounded by Fifth Avenue to the east, Sixth Avenue to the west, 48th Street to the south, and 51st Street to the north. The center occupies 22 acres (8.9 ha) in total, with some 17 million square feet of office space.

References

  1. 1251 Avenue of the Americas at Emporis
  2. Žaknić, Ivan (1998). 100 of the World's Tallest Buildings. Images Publishing. p. 56. ISBN   9781875498321 . Retrieved December 24, 2018.
  3. "Frre to be... Philistine". Spy : 85. May 1989. Retrieved December 25, 2018.
  4. "THE EXXON BUILDING (1251 Sixth Ave.)". Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved December 25, 2018.
  5. Nash, Eric (1999). Manhattan Skyscrapers. Princeton Architectural Press. p. 127. ISBN   9781568981819 . Retrieved December 28, 2018.
  6. Krinsky, Carol H. (1978). Rockefeller Center. Oxford University Press. p. 117. ISBN   978-0-19-502404-3.
  7. "XYZ Buildings Exxon Building McGraw-Hill Building Celanese Building". Manhattan Skyscrapers. New York, NY: Princeton Archit.Press. 2005. pp. 127–130. doi:10.1007/1-56898-652-1_57. ISBN   978-1-56898-545-9.
  8. Pearson, Anne and Ralph Bivins. "Exxon moving corporate headquarters to Dallas". Houston Chronicle . October 27, 1989. p. A1. Retrieved on July 29, 2009.
  9. "1251 Avenue of the Americas Earns LEED® Silver Certification". Hines. May 6, 2013. Retrieved December 24, 2018.