New York Daily News

Last updated

Daily News
New York's Hometown Newspaper
New York Daily News.svg
New York Daily News October 8 2016 cover.jpg
October 8, 2016 cover
Type Daily newspaper
Format Tabloid
Owner(s) Tribune Publishing
EditorRobert York
FoundedJune 26, 1919;100 years ago (1919-06-26) (as Illustrated Daily News)
Political alignment Populist [1] [2] [3]
Headquarters4 New York Plaza
Manhattan, New York City, US
CountryUnited States
Circulation 200,000 Daily (2017)
260,000 Sunday (2017)
OCLC number 9541172
Website nydailynews.com

The New York Daily News, officially titled Daily News, is an American newspaper based in New York City. As of May 2016, it was the ninth-most widely circulated daily newspaper in the United States. [4] It was founded in 1919, and was the first U.S. daily printed in tabloid format. It reached its peak circulation in 1947, at 2.4 million copies a day. [5]

Contents

History

February 5, 1921 front page Finest picture front page.jpg
February 5, 1921 front page

The Daily News was founded by Joseph Medill Patterson in 1919, as the Illustrated Daily News. (It was not connected to an earlier New York Daily News , which was founded in 1855, flourished under Benjamin Wood, and ceased publication in December 1906.) Patterson and his cousin, Robert R. McCormick, were co-publishers of the Chicago Tribune and grandsons of Tribune Company founder Joseph Medill. [6]

When Patterson and McCormick could not agree on the editorial content of the Chicago paper, the two cousins decided at a meeting in Paris that Patterson would work on the project of launching a Tribune-owned newspaper in New York. On his return, Patterson met with Alfred Harmsworth, who was the Viscount Northcliffe and publisher of the Daily Mirror , London's tabloid newspaper. Impressed with the advantages of a tabloid, Patterson launched the Daily News on June 26, 1919. [6] The Daily News would be owned by the Tribune Company until 1993.[ citation needed ]

The Daily News was not an immediate success, and by August 1919, the paper's circulation had dropped to 26,625. [6] Still, New York's many subway commuters found the tabloid format easier to handle, and readership steadily grew. By the time of the paper's first anniversary in June 1920, circulation had climbed over 100,000 and by 1925, over a million. Circulation reached its peak in 1947, at 2.4 million daily and 4.7 million on Sunday. [7]

The Daily News carried the slogan "New York's Picture Newspaper" from 1920 to 1991, for its emphasis on photographs. A camera has been part of the newspaper's logo from day one. The paper's later slogan, developed from a 1985 ad campaign, is "New York's Hometown Newspaper", while another has been "The Eyes, the Ears, the Honest Voice of New York". The Daily News continues to include large and prominent photographs, for news, entertainment and sports, as well as intense city news coverage, celebrity gossip, classified ads, comics, a sports section, and an opinion section.

News-gathering operations were, for a time, organized by staff using two-way radios operating on 173.3250 MHz (radio station KEA 871), allowing the assignment desk to communicate with its reporters who used a fleet of "radio cars".

Prominent sports cartoonists have included Bill Gallo, Bruce Stark and Ed Murawinski. Columnists have included Walter Kaner. Editorial cartoonists have included C. D. Batchelor.

The paper briefly published a Monday-Friday afternoon counterpart, Daily News Tonight, between August 19, 1980 and August 28, 1981; [8] this competed with the New York Post , which had launched a morning edition to complement its evening newspaper in 1978.[ citation needed ] Occasional "P.M. Editions" were published as extras in 1991, during the brief tenure of Robert Maxwell as publisher. [9]

In 1982, and again in the early 1990s during a newspaper strike, the Daily News almost went out of business. In the 1982 instance, the parent Tribune Company offered the tabloid up for sale. In 1991, millionaire Robert Maxwell offered financial assistance to the News to help it stay in business. Upon his death later that year, the News seceded from his publishing empire which soon splintered under questions about whether Maxwell had the financial backing to sustain it. Existing management, led by editor James Willse, held the News together in bankruptcy; Willse became interim publisher after buying the paper from the Tribune Company. Mort Zuckerman bought the paper in 1993.[ citation needed ]

In 1948, the News established WPIX (Channel 11 in New York City), whose call letters were based on the News's nickname of "New York's Picture Newspaper"; and later bought what became WPIX-FM, which is now known as WFAN-FM. The television station became a Tribune property outright in 1991, and remains in the former Daily News Building. The radio station was purchased by Emmis Communications, and since 2014 has been owned by CBS Radio as an FM simulcast of its AM namesake.

The News also maintains local bureaus in the Bronx, Brooklyn, and Queens, at City Hall, within One Police Plaza, and at the various state and federal courthouses in the city.

In January 2012, former News of the World and New York Post editor Colin Myler was appointed editor-in-chief of the Daily News. [10] Myler was replaced by his deputy Jim Rich in September 2015. [11]

On September 4, 2017, tronc, the publishing operations of the former Tribune Company (which had spun out its publishing assets to separate them from its broadcast assets), announced that it had acquired the Daily News. [12] Tronc had bought the Daily News for $1, assuming "operational and pension liabilities". By the time of purchase, circulation had dropped to 200,000 on weekdays and 260,000 on Sundays. [13] In July 2018, tronc fired half of the paper's editorial staff, including the editor-in-chief, Jim Rich. Rich was replaced by Robert York, Publisher and Editor-in-Chief of tronc-owned The Morning Call in Allentown, Pennsylvania. [14] The paper's social media staff were included in the cut; images and memes that were later deleted were posted on its Twitter feed. [15] [16]

Editorial stance and style

New York Times journalist Alan Feuer said the Daily News focuses heavily on "deep sourcing and doorstep reporting", providing city-centered "crime reportage and hard-hitting coverage of public issues [...] rather than portraying New York through the partisan divide between liberals and conservatives". [17] According to Feuer, the paper is known for "speaking to and for the city’s working class" and for "its crusades against municipal misconduct". [17]

The New York Times has described the Daily News's editorial stance as "flexibly centrist" [17] with a "high-minded, if populist, legacy". [18] For over five decades, the News was a staunchly Republican newspaper, in line with its sister publication, the Chicago Tribune , supporting isolationism in the early stages of World War II. By the mid-1970s however, it began shifting its stance, and during the 1990s, it gained a reputation as a moderately liberal alternative to the right-wing Post (which until 1980 had been a Democratic bastion).

The newspaper endorsed Republican George W. Bush in the 2004 presidential election, [19] Democrat Barack Obama in 2008, [20] Republican Mitt Romney in 2012, [21] and Democrat Hillary Clinton in 2016. [22]

Headquarters

Daily News Building, John Mead Howells and Raymond Hood, architects, rendering by Hugh Ferriss. The landmark building housed the paper until the mid-1990s. New York Daily News building 1930.jpg
Daily News Building, John Mead Howells and Raymond Hood, architects, rendering by Hugh Ferriss. The landmark building housed the paper until the mid-1990s.

From its founding, it was based at 23 Park Place, a block from City Hall, and two blocks from Park Row, the traditional home of the city's newspaper trade. The cramped conditions demanded a much larger space for the growing newspaper.

From 1929 to 1995, the Daily News was based in the landmark skyscraper at 220 East 42nd Street near Second Avenue, designed by John Mead Howells and Raymond Hood. The paper moved to 450 West 33rd Street in 1995, but the 42nd Street location is still known as The News Building and still features a giant globe and weather instruments in its lobby. (It was the model for the Daily Planet building of the first two Superman films). The former News subsidiary WPIX-TV remains in the building.

The third headquarters of the Daily News at 450 West 33rd Street straddled the railroad tracks going into Pennsylvania Station. The building is now the world headquarters of the Associated Press.

In June 2011, the paper moved its operations to two floors at 4 New York Plaza in lower Manhattan. [23] Sixteen months later, the structure was severely damaged and rendered uninhabitable by flooding from Hurricane Sandy. In the immediate aftermath, news operations were conducted remotely from several temporary locations, eventually moving to office space at the Jersey City printing plant. [24] In early 2013, operations moved to rented space at 1290 Avenue of the Americas near Rockefeller Center—just four blocks north of its rival New York Post. The staff returned to the permanent 4 New York Plaza location in early November 2013.

Printing facilities

In 1993, the Daily News consolidated its printing facilities near Liberty State Park in Jersey City, New Jersey. [25] [26]

In 2009, the paper spent $150 million on printing presses as part of its change to full-color photographs. [27] [28]

In 2011, the company spent $100 million to buy three new presses, using a $41.7 million Urban Transit Hub Tax Credit from the State of New Jersey. [29]

Pulitzer Prizes

The Daily News has won eleven Pulitzer Prizes. [30]

In 1998, Daily News columnist Mike McAlary won the Pulitzer Prize for Commentary for his multi-part series of columns (published in 1997) on Abner Louima, who was sodomized and tortured by New York City police officers. [31]

In 2007, the News won the Pulitzer Prize for Editorial Writing for a series of thirteen editorials, published over five months, that detailed how more than 12,000 rescue workers who responded after the September 11 attacks had become ill from toxins in the air. [32] The Pulitzer citation said that the award was given to the paper "for its compassionate and compelling editorials on behalf of Ground Zero workers, whose health problems were neglected by the city and the nation." [32]

In 2017, the Daily News was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Public Service in collaboration with non-profit ProPublica "for uncovering, primarily through the work of reporter Sarah Ryley, widespread abuse of eviction rules by the police to oust hundreds of people, most of them poor minorities." [33]

Noteworthy front pages

In 1928, a News reporter strapped a small camera to his leg, and shot a photo of Ruth Snyder being executed in the electric chair. [34] The next day's newspaper carried the headline "DEAD!".

On October 29, 1975, President Gerald Ford gave a speech denying federal assistance to spare New York City from bankruptcy. The front page of the October 30, 1975 Daily News read: “FORD TO CITY: DROP DEAD” [35] Ford later said the headline had played a role in his losing the 1976 presidential election. [36]

In the year leading up to the 2016 presidential election, the paper's headlines became more provocative, helping to rejuvenate it, and with more opinionated editorials with the aforementioned headlines, once again in an effort to demonstrate its place in the city's media. [37]

Following the 2015 San Bernardino shooting, in which 14 people were killed, the paper's front page displayed "GOD ISN'T FIXING THIS" along with tweets from Republican politicians offering thoughts and prayers. [38] The paper advocated for tighter gun laws, condemning what it described as "empty platitudes and angry rhetoric" rather than action "in response to the ongoing plague of gun violence in our country." [38] [39] The provocative headline [38] [39] received both praise and criticism. [40]

On January 2016, after Republican senator and presidential candidate Ted Cruz of Texas disparaged "New York values" in a Republican primary debate, the News responded with a cover page headline reading "DROP DEAD, TED" and showing the Statue of Liberty giving the middle finger. [41]

Controversies

The Daily News supported the Iraq War. [42] On March 14, 2003, six days before the 2003 invasion of Iraq, the Daily News reported "President Bush is targeting an aggressive, dangerous, psychotic dictator who has stockpiled weapons of mass destruction and would use them without compunction. ... With Saddam in power, there can be no peace. One argument you hear raised against war is fear of retaliation: America mustn't upset the terrorists. After 9/11, does this even need to be rebutted? Terrorists have killed thousands of Americans already and thirst for more. Fighting back is a necessity, unless people want the peace of the grave." [43]

On December 20, 2016, Daily News columnist Gersh Kuntzman compared the assassination of the Russian Ambassador to Turkey, Andrei Karlov, to the assassination of Nazi German diplomat Ernst vom Rath by Jewish student Herschel Grynszpan, saying "justice has been served." [44] Russia has demanded an official apology from Daily News. [45]

See also

Related Research Articles

<i>Boston Herald</i> US newspaper

The Boston Herald is an American daily newspaper whose primary market is Boston, Massachusetts and its surrounding area. It was founded in 1846 and is one of the oldest daily newspapers in the United States. It has been awarded eight Pulitzer Prizes in its history, including four for editorial writing and three for photography before it was converted to tabloid format in 1981. The Herald was named one of the "10 Newspapers That 'Do It Right'" in 2012 by Editor & Publisher.

<i>Chicago Tribune</i> Major daily newspaper based in Chicago, Illinois, United States

The Chicago Tribune is a daily newspaper based in Chicago, Illinois, United States, owned by Tribune Publishing. Founded in 1847, and formerly self-styled as the "World's Greatest Newspaper", it remains the most-read daily newspaper of the Chicago metropolitan area and the Great Lakes region. It had the 6th highest circulation for American newspapers in 2017.

<i>Chicago Sun-Times</i> newspaper

The Chicago Sun-Times is a daily newspaper published in Chicago, Illinois, United States. It is the flagship paper of the Sun-Times Media Group, with the second biggest circulation in Chicago.

<i>The Baltimore Sun</i> Daily broadsheet newspaper in the city of Baltimore, Maryland, United States

The Baltimore Sun is the largest general-circulation daily newspaper based in the American state of Maryland and provides coverage of local and regional news, events, issues, people, and industries. Founded in 1837, the newspaper is owned by Tribune Publishing.

<i>Star Tribune</i> Minneapolis, Minnesota, US newspaper

The Star Tribune is the largest newspaper in Minnesota. It originated as the Minneapolis Tribune in 1867 and the competing Minneapolis Daily Star in 1920. During the 1930s and 1940s Minneapolis's competing newspapers were consolidated, with the Tribune published in the morning and the Star in the evening. They merged in 1982, creating the Star Tribune. After a tumultuous period in which the newspaper was sold and re-sold and filed for bankruptcy protection in 2009, it was purchased by local businessman Glen Taylor in 2014.

<i>Los Angeles Times</i> Daily newspaper published in Los Angeles, California

The Los Angeles Times is a daily newspaper which has been published in Los Angeles, California, since 1881. It has the fourth-largest circulation among United States newspapers, and is the largest U.S. newspaper not headquartered on the East Coast. The paper is known for its coverage of issues particularly salient to the U.S. West Coast, such as immigration trends and natural disasters. It has won more than 40 Pulitzer Prizes for its coverage of these and other issues. As of June 18, 2018, ownership of the paper is controlled by Patrick Soon-Shiong, and the executive editor is Norman Pearlstine.

<i>Hartford Courant</i> Connecticut newspaper

The Hartford Courant is the largest daily newspaper in the U.S. state of Connecticut, and is often recognized as the oldest continuously published newspaper in the United States. A morning newspaper serving most of the state north of New Haven and east of Waterbury, its headquarters on Broad Street in Hartford, Connecticut are a short walk from the state capitol. It reports regional news with a chain of bureaus in smaller cities and a series of local editions. It also operates CTNow, a free local weekly newspaper and website.

<i>St. Louis Post-Dispatch</i> Daily newspaper in St. Louis, Missouri

The St. Louis Post-Dispatch is the major regional newspaper in St. Louis, Missouri, serving St. Louis City and County, St. Charles County, the Metro East and surrounding counties. It is the only daily newspaper in the city. The publication has received 19 Pulitzer Prizes.

<i>National Enquirer</i> American supermarket tabloid published by American Media, Inc.

The National Enquirer is an American tabloid newspaper published by American Media, Inc., (AMI). Founded in 1926, newspaper has undergone a number of changes over the years. As of April 18, 2019, The Washington Post reported that the National Enquirer was being sold for $100 million to James Cohen, CEO of Hudson Group.

<i>Newsday</i> American daily newspaper

Newsday is an American daily newspaper that primarily serves Nassau and Suffolk counties and the New York City borough of Queens on Long Island, although it is also sold throughout the New York metropolitan area. In 2012, Newsday expanded to include Rockland and Westchester county news on its website.

<i>Sun-Sentinel</i> Newspaper in Fort Lauderdale, Florida

The Sun-Sentinel is the main daily newspaper of Fort Lauderdale, Florida, as well as surrounding Broward County and southern Palm Beach County. Owned by Tribune Publishing, it circulates all throughout the three counties that comprise South Florida. It is the largest-circulation newspaper in the area.

<i>The Star-Ledger</i> newspaper

The Star-Ledger is the largest circulated newspaper in the U.S. state of New Jersey and is based in Newark. It is a sister paper to The Jersey Journal of Jersey City, The Times of Trenton and the Staten Island Advance, all of which are owned by Advance Publications.

<i>The San Diego Union-Tribune</i> Daily newspaper in San Diego, California

The San Diego Union-Tribune is an American metropolitan daily newspaper, published in San Diego, California.

<i>The Des Moines Register</i>

The Des Moines Register is the daily morning newspaper of Des Moines, Iowa.

<i>Philadelphia Daily News</i> daily newspaper in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

The Philadelphia Daily News is a tabloid newspaper that serves Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. The newspaper is owned by Philadelphia Media Network, which also owns Philadelphia's other major newspaper The Philadelphia Inquirer.

<i>The Virginian-Pilot</i> newspaper in Norfolk, Virginia

The Virginian-Pilot is a daily newspaper based in Norfolk, Virginia. Commonly known as The Pilot, it is Virginia's largest daily. It serves the five cities of South Hampton Roads as well as several smaller towns across southeast Virginia and northeast North Carolina. It was a locally owned, family enterprise from its founding in 1865 at the close of the American Civil War until its sale to Tribune Publishing in 2018.

Tribune Publishing American publishing company

Tribune Publishing Company is an American newspaper print and online media publishing company based in Chicago, Illinois. The company's portfolio includes the Chicago Tribune, the New York Daily News, The Baltimore Sun, the Orlando Sentinel, South Florida's Sun-Sentinel, the Hartford Courant, additional titles in Pennsylvania and Virginia, syndication operations, and websites. It also publishes several local newspapers in its metropolitan regions, which are organized in subsidiary groups. It is the nation's third-largest newspaper publisher, with eleven daily newspapers and commuter tabloids throughout the United States.

The Trentonian is a daily newspaper serving Trenton, New Jersey, USA, and the surrounding Mercer County community. The paper has a daily circulation of slightly more than 20,000 and a Sunday circulation of less than 18,000.

<i>Mail Tribune</i> newspaper in Medford, Oregon

The Mail Tribune is a seven-day daily newspaper based in Medford, Oregon, United States that serves Jackson County, Oregon, and adjacent areas of northern California.

<i>The Tuscaloosa News</i> daily newspaper serving Tuscaloosa, Alabama, USA

The Tuscaloosa News is a daily newspaper serving Tuscaloosa, Alabama, United States, and the surrounding area in west central Alabama.

References

  1. Ginenthal, Charles (2010). Stephen J. Gould & Immanuel Velikovsky - Essays in the Continuing Velikovsky Affair. p. 152. ASIN   B019CWCBV2. ...even a populist newspaper like the New York Daily News...
  2. Mahler (April 2005). "What Rupert Wrought". New York Magazine. Retrieved May 1, 2018. ...has stolen from the Daily News the mantle of New York’s populist paper
  3. Barillas (October 21, 2016). "NY Daily News publishes Trump's 'political obituary'". Washington Examiner. Retrieved May 1, 2018. The typically populist paper has flip-flopped between the major parties
  4. "Top 10 US Daily Newspapers". Cision.
  5. Feuer, Alan (September 27, 2015). "The Daily News Layoffs and Digital Shift May Signal the Tabloid Era's End". The New York Times. Retrieved July 31, 2018.
  6. 1 2 3 Current Biography 1942, pp. 648–51: "Patterson, Joseph Medill"
  7. "New York Daily News". Company-Histories.com}. Retrieved March 20, 2018.
  8. "Clay Felker, founder of New York magazine, dies at age 82". New York Daily News. July 1, 2008. Retrieved January 26, 2019.
  9. "Daily News publishes last Tonight edition". The New York Times. August 29, 1981. Archived from the original on January 26, 2019. Retrieved January 26, 2019.
  10. Pilkington, Ed, "Former NoW editor Colin Myler takes the helm at New York Daily News", The Guardian, January 4, 2012. Retrieved January 4, 2012.
  11. Pompeo, Joe, "Colin Myler leaving the Daily News; Jim Rich to be new EIC", Politico New York, September 11, 2015. Retrieved December 8, 2015.
  12. Ember, Sydney; Sorkin, Andrew Ross (September 4, 2017). "The Daily News, a Distinctive Voice in New York, Is Sold". The New York Times. ISSN   0362-4331 . Retrieved September 5, 2017.
  13. Kogan, Rick; Channick, Robert (September 5, 2017). "Tronc acquires New York Daily News". Chicago Tribune . Archived from the original on June 17, 2018. Retrieved September 5, 2017.
  14. Folkenflik, David (July 23, 2018). "Tronc Slashes 'New York Daily News' Staff By Half".
  15. "New York Daily News". Twitter. July 23, 2018. Archived from the original on July 23, 2018. Retrieved July 23, 2018.
  16. "New York Daily News cuts half of its newsroom staff". The Guardian. Associated Press. July 24, 2018.
  17. 1 2 3 Feuer, Alan (September 27, 2015). "The Daily News Layoffs and Digital Shift May Signal the Tabloid Era's End". The New York Times . Unlike The New York Post, which has veered from left to right, the politics of The Daily News are flexibly centrist..
  18. Mahler, Jonathan (January 29, 2016). "Drop Dead? Not the Newly Relevant Daily News". The New York Times.
  19. "NY 'Daily News' Endorses Obama — Had Backed Bush in 2004 —and So Does 'Detroit Free Press']". Editor & Publisher . October 18, 2008.
  20. "Daily News endorses Obama for President: He has the promise to renew America at home and abroad". Daily News. October 19, 2008.
  21. "Our choice for America's future: The Daily News endorses Mitt Romney for president". Daily News (New York). November 4, 2012. Retrieved July 31, 2016.
  22. "Daily News Editorial Board says Vote Hillary Clinton: She's the best choice for President, while Donald Trump represents a clear and present danger to the republic". Daily News. July 28, 2016.
  23. Deichler, Andrew. "Daily News Relocating HQ to 4 New York Plaza".
  24. Myler, Colin (November 5, 2012). "How the Daily News bested Superstorm Sandy: The Daily Planet would be proud". Daily News. Retrieved July 25, 2013.
  25. Pinder, Jeanne B. (June 4, 1993). "Daily News to Shift Printing to Jersey City". The New York Times. Retrieved December 16, 2011.
  26. "Fire damages Daily News printing plant in Jersey City". The Jersey Journal. January 5, 2008. Retrieved December 16, 2011.
  27. Pérez-Peña, Richard (November 17, 2009). "With New Presses, Daily News Is Betting on World of Print". The New York Times.
  28. Erin Carlson (November 17, 2009). "The Daily News Spends $150 Million On New Printing Presses". Business Insider. Archived from the original on February 21, 2013. Retrieved November 8, 2012.
  29. O'Dea, Coleen (December 12, 2011). "Can Urban Transit Hubs Help Revitalize New Jersey's Cities?". Jersey City Independent. Retrieved December 16, 2011. ... state expects to award the first $41.7 million in credits soon to the Daily News, which is spending $100 million on three new presses at its site in Jersey City.
  30. Slattery, Denis (April 10, 2017). "Daily News, ProPublica win Pulitzer Prize". New York Daily News. Archived from the original on May 17, 2018. Retrieved July 23, 2018.
  31. McAlary, Mike (August 13, 2007). "Mike McAlary's 1997 Pulitzer Prize-winning Abner Louima columns". New York Daily News. Archived from the original on April 29, 2018. Retrieved July 23, 2018.
  32. 1 2 Saltonstall, David (April 16, 2007). "Daily News editorial board wins Pulitzer". Daily News. Archived from the original on June 12, 2018. Retrieved July 23, 2018.
  33. "Public Service". Pulitzer.org.
  34. "HistoryWired: A Few of Our Favorite Things". SI.edu. Retrieved January 4, 2017.
  35. Infamous 'Drop Dead' Was Never Said by Ford New York Times. December 28, 2006.
  36. Peiser, Jaclyn (July 23, 2018). "Daily News Newsroom Cut in Half by Tronc as Top Editor Is Ousted". New York Times. Retrieved July 31, 2018.
  37. "Drop Dead? Not the Newly Relevant Daily News". New York Times.
  38. 1 2 3 Chris Cillizza, The New York Daily News’s very provocative front page on the San Bernardino shooting, Washington Post (December 2, 2015).
  39. 1 2 Jessica Durando, Daily News' provokes with cover on Calif. shooting: 'God isn't fixing this', USA Today (December 3, 2015).
  40. Ginger Adams Otis, Daily News cover calling out pols' empty rhetoric after San Bernardino shooting prompts strong responses, New York Daily News (December 3, 2015).
  41. David Wright, New York Daily News to Cruz: 'Drop Dead, Ted', CNN (January 16, 2016).
  42. "Surprise! Ten Years Ago Many Top Newspapers Did Oppose the US War Against Iraq". The Nation . March 13, 2013.
  43. "Peaceniks couldn't be more wrong". New York Daily News. March 14, 2003. Archived from the original on July 18, 2018. Retrieved July 23, 2018.
  44. Kuntzman, Gersh (December 20, 2016). "Assassination of Russian Ambassador Andrei Karlov was not terrorism, but retribution for Vladimir Putin's war crimes". New York Daily News. Archived from the original on July 18, 2018. Retrieved July 23, 2018.
  45. "Russian Foreign Ministry demands apology from NY Daily News – spokesperson". RT. December 22, 2016.