NJ Transit provides rail service throughout northern New Jersey, between Philadelphia and Atlantic City in southern New Jersey, and in the lower Hudson Valley west of the Hudson River.
|Headquarters||1 Penn Plaza East|
Newark, NJ 07105
|Locale||North and Central Jersey, White Horse Pike corridor, Hudson Valley|
|Dates of operation||1983–present|
|Track gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge|
|Electrification||12.5 kV 25 Hz AC Catenary |
25 kV 60 Hz AC Catenary
NJ Transit Rail Operations( reporting mark NJTR) is the rail division of NJ Transit. It operates commuter rail service in New Jersey, with most service centered on transportation to and from New York City, Hoboken, and Newark. NJ Transit also operates rail service in Orange and Rockland counties in New York under contract to Metro-North Railroad. The commuter rail lines had an average weekday ridership of 306,892 from June 1, 2015 to June 30, 2016. This does not include NJ Transit's light rail operations.
The lines operated by NJ Transit were formerly operated by the Pennsylvania Railroad, Central Railroad of New Jersey and New York and Long Branch Railroad and Erie Lackawanna Railroad, most of which date from the mid-19th century. From the 1960s onward, the New Jersey Department of Transportation began subsidizing the commuter lines. By 1976, the lines were all operated by Conrail under contract to NJDOT. The system took its current form in 1983, when NJ Transit took over all commuter service in New Jersey. The two networks were not integrated until the opening of Secaucus Junction in 2003 enabled passengers to transfer between lines bound for New York and Hoboken.
As of 2012 [update] , NJ Transit's commuter rail network consists of 11 lines and 164 stations, primarily concentrated in northern New Jersey, with one line running between Atlantic City and Philadelphia.
Operations are in two divisions:
|Northeast Corridor Line||New York – Penn Station||Trenton|
|Princeton Branch||Princeton Junction||Princeton|
|North Jersey Coast Line|
|Raritan Valley Line|
|Atlantic City Line||Philadelphia – 30th Street Station||Atlantic City Rail Terminal|
| Main Line ||Hoboken Terminal||Suffern|
| Bergen County Line |
|Pascack Valley Line||Spring Valley|
|Port Jervis Line||Port Jervis|
|Meadowlands Rail Line||Meadowlands|
| Montclair-Boonton Line |
Although NJ Transit itself does not carry freight, NJTR allows freight service to be operated over its lines via trackage rights agreements with several railroads. Conrail (CSAO), CSX, Norfolk Southern (NS) and several short lines (Cape May Seashore Lines (CMSL), Dover and Delaware River Railroad (DD), Morristown & Erie Railway (M&E), and Southern Railroad of New Jersey (SRNJ)) currently have trackage rights contracts to operate freight service on NJ Transit lines. The Morristown & Erie Railway can only use NJT trackage to get between its owned trackage; it cannot serve customers on NJ Transit trackage. A similar situation exists for Conrail on the Atlantic City Line.
Below is a list of NJ Transit lines and freight lines that operate on them:
NJTR also owns several lines not used for regular passenger service. These lines were purchased by the New Jersey Department of Transportation in the late 1970s for railbanking purposes, with ownership transferring to NJ Transit upon its creation in 1979. These lines are either leased for freight/tourist service, interim rail trail use, or remain derelict:
NJT owns most of its tracks, infrastructure, bridges, tunnels and signals. The exceptions are:
NJ Transit's main storage and maintenance facility is the Meadows Maintenance Complex in Kearny, New Jersey. Other major yard facilities are located at Hoboken Terminal. Amtrak's Sunnyside Yard in Queens, New York serves as a layover facility for trains to New York Penn Station. Additional yards are located at outlying points along the lines. These include:
NJT has a fleet of maintenance crews and vehicles that repair tracks, spread ballast, deliver supplies and inspect infrastructure. There are eight non-revenue work diesels used for these purposes.
NJT utilizes numerous moveable bridges:
All NJ Transit Rail Operations equipment in both revenue and non-revenue service carry AAR reporting marks of NJTR without exception. Equipment owned by Metro-North carries AAR reporting marks MNCW without exception.
These locomotives carry NJTR reporting marks for revenue service. Not included are the EMU cars, which are technically locomotives, but are listed in the Passenger Cars roster below.
|Builder and model||Photo||Numbers||Built||Acquired||Type||Power||Notes|
|EMD GP40PH-2||4100–4101, 4109||1968||1983|
(inherited at inception)
|Diesel||3,000 hp (2,237 kW)|
|EMD GP40PH-2B||4200–4219||1965–1969||1993–1994||Diesel||3,000 hp (2,237 kW)|
|Bombardier ALP-46||4600–4628||2001–2002||Electric||7,100 hp (5,294 kW)|
|Alstom PL42AC||4000–4032||2005–2006||Diesel||4,200 hp (3,132 kW)|
3,680 hp (2,744 kW) available for traction
| Bombardier |
|4629–4664||2010–2011||Electric||7,500 hp (5,593 kW)|
| Bombardier |
(electric and diesel)
5,365 hp (4,001 kW)
4,200 hp (3,132 kW)
3,000 hp (2,237 kW) available for traction
|Builder and model||Photo||Numbers||Built||Acquired||Retired||Type||Power||Notes|
|EMD GP40PH-2||4102-4108, 4110-4112||1968||1983|
(inherited at inception)
|2012-present||Diesel||3,000 hp (2,237 kW)|
2018 (see notes)
|Diesel||3,000 hp (2,237 kW)|
|GE U34CH||3351, 3360, 3366-3368, 3370-3373, 3376, 3380-3381, 4151-4183||1970–1971||1976||1994||Diesel||3,600 hp (2,700 kW)|
|EMD GP40FH-2||4130–4144||1966–1967||1987||2012||Diesel||3,000 hp (2,237 kW)|
|EMD GP40PH-2A||4145–4150||1967–1971||1992–1993||2014||Diesel||3,000 hp (2,237 kW)|
|GE P40DC||4800-4803||1993||2007||2015||Diesel||4,250 hp (3,170 kW)|
|ABB ALP-44O||4400–4414||1989||1990||2011||Electric||7000 hp (5.2 MW)|
|ABB ALP-44E||4415–4419||1995||1995||2012||Electric||7000 hp (5.2 MW)|
|ABB ALP-44M||4420–4431||1996||1996||2011||Electric||7000 hp (5.2 MW)|
|GE E60CH||958-973||1973||1984||1998||Electric||6,000 hp (4.5 MW)|
|GE/Altoona Works GG1||4972-4884||1934-1943||N/A||1983||Electric||4,620 hp (3,450 kW)-8,500 hp (6,300 kW)|
|EMD F7||417-418, 420, 422-425||1949-1993||N/A||1984||Diesel||1,500 hp (1,100 kW)|
|EMD E8||4320,4322-4328, 4330-4334||1949-1954||N/A||N/A||Diesel||2,250 hp (1,678 kW)|
|EMD F40PH||270, 274, 293, 302, 311, 400||1975-1992||N/A||2006||Diesel||3,000–3,200 hp (2.2–2.4 MW)|
All non-revenue locomotives are diesel-powered and legally carry the same "NJTR" AAR reporting marks as all other equipment without exception. As these locomotives lack HEP, they do not haul trains in passenger service unless performing a rescue.
|EMD GP40-2||4300–4303||1965–1968||Ex-Conrail and New York Central.|
|EMD GP40PH-2||4102-4104, 4106, 4108||1968||Modified starting in 2014. The HEP motor was removed, unlit number boards were drilled in, the rear ladder was replaced with steps, and LED markers were applied to the rear end replacing their original tri-color class lights. Units are now mechanically standard GP40-2s.|
|MotivePower MP20B-3||1001–1005||2008||Rebuilt from 1967 EMD GP40FH-2s 4130–4134.|
|EMD F40PH-2CAT||4119-4120||1979–1981||Regulated to work service since 2013. Recently reactivated in place of cab cars during shortage due to PTC installation.|
NJ Transit has a fleet of over 1,000 passenger cars. The fleet and examples are described below.
Except for the Comet II (which are all trailers), all examples shown are cab cars leading or on the tail end of trains.
Car groupings are, except for the Arrow III MUs, arranged in the following order: cab cars, trailers with lavatories, and trailers without lavatories, where applicable.
Single Arrow III MU's are GE Model MA-1J, married pairs are GE Model MA-1H. NJ Transit also leased 10 MARC Train coaches in 2018 to alleviate an equipment shortage.
| GE |
| Bombardier |
| Bombardier |
|5011–5031, 5235–5264, 5535–5582||1996|
| Alstom |
|6000–6083, 6200–6213, 6500–6601||2002–2004|
| Bombardier |
|7000–7051, 7200–7298, 7500–7677||2006–2010|
|Bombardier MultiLevel Coach II||7052–7061, 7678–7767||2012–2013|
|Bombardier MultiLevel Coach III||?||2022-|
NJ Transit provides passenger service on 12 lines at total of 165 stations, some operated conjunction with Amtrak and Metro North (MNCW).
New Jersey Transit Corporation, branded as NJ Transit, and often shortened to NJT, is a state-owned public transportation system that serves the US state of New Jersey, along with portions of New York State and Pennsylvania. It operates bus, light rail, and commuter rail services throughout the state, connecting to major commercial and employment centers both within the state and in the adjacent major cities of New York and Philadelphia.
Secaucus Junction is a major commuter rail hub in Secaucus, New Jersey. It serves trains from all lines operated by NJ Transit Rail Operations except the Princeton Branch and Atlantic City Line.
The Northeast Corridor Line is a commuter rail line operated by New Jersey Transit along Amtrak's Northeast Corridor in the United States, operating between Trenton Transit Center and New York Penn Station. It is the successor to Pennsylvania Railroad commuter trains between Trenton and New York, and is New Jersey Transit's busiest commuter rail line. After arrival at New York Penn Station, some trains load passengers and return to New Jersey, while others continue east to Sunnyside Yard for storage. Most servicing is done at the Morrisville Yard, at the west end of the line. The Northeast Corridor Line is colored red on New Jersey Transit system maps and its symbol is the State House. The Princeton Branch is a shuttle service connecting to the line.
The Main Line is a commuter rail line owned and operated by New Jersey Transit running from Suffern, New York to Hoboken, New Jersey, in the United States. It runs daily commuter service and was once the north-south main line of the Erie Railroad. It is colored yellow on NJ Transit system maps, and its symbol is a water wheel.
Hoboken Terminal is a commuter-oriented intermodal passenger station in Hoboken, Hudson County, New Jersey, United States. One of the New York metropolitan area's major transportation hubs, it is served by nine NJ Transit (NJT) commuter rail lines, one Metro-North Railroad line, various NJT buses and private bus lines, the Hudson–Bergen Light Rail, the Port Authority Trans Hudson (PATH) rapid transit system, and NY Waterway-operated ferries. More than 50,000 people use the terminal daily, making it the ninth-busiest railroad station in North America and the sixth-busiest in the New York area. It is also the second-busiest railroad station in New Jersey, behind only Newark Penn Station, and its third-busiest transportation facility, after Newark Liberty International Airport and Newark Penn. Hoboken Terminal is wheelchair accessible, with high-level platforms for light rail and PATH services and portable lifts for commuter rail services.
Pennsylvania Station is an intermodal passenger station in Newark, New Jersey. One of the New York metropolitan area's major transportation hubs, Newark Penn Station is served by multiple rail and bus carriers, making it the seventh-busiest rail station in North America, and the fourth-busiest in the New York area. Located at Raymond Plaza, between Market Street and Raymond Boulevard, it is served by the Newark Light Rail, three NJ Transit commuter rail lines, the PATH rapid transit system, and all 11 of Amtrak's Northeast Corridor services. The station is also Newark's main intercity bus terminal; it is served by carriers Greyhound, Peter Pan, and Trailways. Additionally, it is served by 33 local and regional bus lines operated by NJ Transit Bus Operations and ONE Bus (Orange-Newark-Elizabeth).
The Central Railroad of New Jersey, also known as the Jersey Central or Jersey Central Lines, was a Class I railroad with origins in the 1830s. It filed for bankruptcy three times; in 1939, 1947 and on March 22, 1967, the CNJ filed for bankruptcy for the final time. It foreshadowed the rest of New Jersey's railroads, but not by much. It then pulled out of Pennsylvania completely in 1972. While most of the passenger services, structures and equipment were picked up by the State of New Jersey, later NJ Transit, it was absorbed into Conrail in April 1976 along with several other prominent bankrupt railroads of the northeastern United States. Only two of the railroad's steam locomotives were preserved: CNJ No. 592 & CNJ No. 113; the latter is the only one that is still operational.
The Morristown Line is one of New Jersey Transit's commuter rail lines and is one of two branches that run along the Morris and Essex Lines. Out of 60 inbound and 58 outbound daily weekday trains, 28 inbound and 26 outbound Midtown Direct trains use the Kearny Connection to Secaucus Junction and New York Penn Station; the rest go to Hoboken Terminal. Passengers can transfer at Newark Broad Street or Summit to reach the other destination. On rail system maps the line is colored dark green, and its symbol is a drum.
Conrail Shared Assets Operations or CSAO is the commonly used name for modern-day Conrail. Conrail is an American railroad company. It operates three networks—the North Jersey, South Jersey/Philadelphia, and Detroit Shared Assets Areas, where it serves as a contract local carrier and switching company for its owners, CSX Transportation and the Norfolk Southern Railway. When most of the former Conrail's track was split between these two railroads, the three shared assets areas were kept separate to avoid giving one railroad an advantage in those areas. The company operates using its own employees and infrastructure, but owns no equipment outside MOW equipment.
The Lehigh Line Connection connects Amtrak's Northeast Corridor (NEC) with the Conrail Lehigh Line 2 miles (3.2 km) south of downtown Newark, New Jersey. It leaves the NEC at Hunter Interlocking, and the line is sometimes called the Hunter Connection. Used by New Jersey Transit (NJT) Raritan Valley Line trains since 1997 when it replaced an older connection, it splits from the NEC just north of the former connector, with wider radius curves with a maximum speed of 45 mph, compared to the 15 mph of the original alignment.
The Raritan Valley Line is a commuter rail service operated by New Jersey Transit (NJT) which serves passengers in municipalities in Union, Somerset, and Hunterdon counties in New Jersey, United States. The line's most frequent western terminus is Raritan station in Raritan. Some weekday trains continue farther west and terminate at the High Bridge station, located in High Bridge. Most eastbound trains terminate in Newark; passengers bound for New York make a cross-platform transfer. A limited number of weekday trains continue directly to New York.
The Atlantic City Line (ACL) is a commuter rail line operated by NJ Transit (NJT) in the United States between Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and Atlantic City, New Jersey, operating along the corridor of the White Horse Pike. It runs over trackage that was controlled by both the Pennsylvania Railroad (PRR) and the Pennsylvania-Reading Seashore Lines. It shares trackage with SEPTA and Amtrak on the Northeast Corridor (NEC) until it crosses the Delaware River on its own Delair Bridge into New Jersey. The Atlantic City Line also shares the right-of-way with the PATCO Speedline between Haddonfield and Lindenwold, New Jersey. There are 14 departures each day in each direction. Conrail also uses short sections of the line for freight movements, including the NEC-Delair Bridge section to its main freight yard in Camden, New Jersey. Unlike all other NJT railway lines, the Atlantic City line does not have traditional rush hour service. The Atlantic City line is colored dark blue on New Jersey Transit's system maps, and the line's symbol is a lighthouse.
The Port Jervis Line is a predominantly single-track commuter rail line running between Suffern and Port Jervis, in the U.S. state of New York. At Suffern, the line continues south into New Jersey as NJ Transit's Main Line. The line is operated by New Jersey Transit Rail Operations under a working agreement with Metro-North Railroad.
Roselle Park is a New Jersey Transit railroad station in Roselle Park, New Jersey. Located on the Conrail Lehigh Line which is owned by Conrail Shared Assets Operations on West Lincoln Avenue between Chestnut Street and Locust Street, it is served by Raritan Valley Line trains that travel between Newark Penn Station and Raritan. There is also limited service between High Bridge and New York Penn Station and one weekday morning train to Hoboken Terminal.
The Southern Railroad of New Jersey is a small short-line railroad company based in Winslow Township, New Jersey. The railroad operates freight trains in two areas in Southern New Jersey. In the Winslow area, trains operate between Winslow Junction and Pleasantville, and between Winslow Junction and the Winslow Hot Mix asphalt plant in Winslow Township. In Salem County and Gloucester County, the company operates on the Salem Branch between Salem and Woodbury.
The Newark Drawbridge, also known as the Morristown Line Bridge, is a railroad bridge on the Passaic River between Newark and Harrison, New Jersey. The swing bridge is the 11th bridge from the river's mouth at Newark Bay and is 5.85 miles (9.41 km) upstream from it. Opened in 1903, it is owned and operated by New Jersey Transit.
Morristown & Erie Railway is a short-line railroad based in Morristown, New Jersey, chartered in 1895 as the Whippany River Railroad. It operates freight rail service in Morris County, New Jersey and surrounding areas on the original Whippany Line between Morristown and Roseland, as well as the Morris County-owned Dover & Rockaway Branch, Chester Branch, and High Bridge Branch. The M&E also operated the Maine Eastern Railroad from November 2003 to December 31, 2015.
The Southern Secondary is a rail line in New Jersey, operated by Conrail Shared Assets Operations (CSAO) and owned by NJ Transit. The active portion of the line runs from South Amboy to the current end of track at Lakewood. The line is owned by NJ Transit, but the southern portion, is not shared with passenger trains. Beyond Lakewood, the tracks are owned by CSAO as far as Lakehurst, but are inactive between Lakewood and Lakehurst.
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