Watsessing Avenue station

Last updated

Watsessing Avenue
Watsessing Avenue Station - September 2014.jpg
Watsessing Avenue station as viewed from its outbound platform, showing results of rehabilitation project undertaken in 2008.
LocationWatsessing Avenue, Bloomfield, New Jersey
Coordinates 40°46′58″N74°11′55″W / 40.7827°N 74.1986°W / 40.7827; -74.1986 Coordinates: 40°46′58″N74°11′55″W / 40.7827°N 74.1986°W / 40.7827; -74.1986
Owned by New Jersey Transit
Platforms2 side platforms
Tracks2
Connections Aiga bus trans.svg NJT Bus : 94
Other information
Station code602 (Delaware, Lackawanna and Western) [1]
Fare zone4 [2]
History
Rebuilt1912 [3]
ElectrifiedSeptember 3, 1930
Previous namesDoddtown [4]
Key dates
September 1910Original station depot razed [5]
Traffic
Passengers (2017)434 (average weekday) [6] [7]
Services
Preceding station NJT logo.svg NJ Transit Following station
Bloomfield
toward Hackettstown
Montclair-Boonton Line Newark Broad Street
Former services
Preceding station NJT logo.svg NJ Transit Following station
Bloomfield
toward Bay Street
Montclair Branch Ampere
(before 1991)
toward Hoboken
Preceding station Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad Following station
Bloomfield
toward Montclair
Montclair Branch Ampere
toward Hoboken

Watsessing Avenue (also known as Watsessing) is a New Jersey Transit rail station in Bloomfield, New Jersey, along the Montclair-Boonton Line. It is located beneath the Bloomfield Police Benevolent Association meeting hall (which formerly served as the station building) near the corner of Watsessing Avenue and Orange Street in Bloomfield. It is one of two stations on the line where the boarding platform is below ground level (the Glen Ridge station, two stops away from it, is the other). The Watsessing station and the Kingsland station in Lyndhurst on the Main Line shared similar designs (both station platforms are located below street level) and were built about the same time.

Bloomfield, New Jersey Township in New Jersey

Bloomfield is a township in Essex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 47,315, reflecting a decline of 368 (-0.8%) from the 47,683 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 2,622 (+5.8%) from the 45,061 counted in the 1990 Census. It surrounds the Bloomfield Green Historic District.

Montclair-Boonton Line commuter rail line in New Jersey

The Montclair-Boonton Line is a commuter rail line of New Jersey Transit Rail Operations in the United States. It is part of the Hoboken Division. The line is a consolidation of three individual lines: the former Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad's Montclair Branch, which ran from Hoboken Terminal to Bay Street, Montclair; the Erie Railroad's Greenwood Lake Division, which originally ran from the Erie's Jersey City Terminal to Greenwood Lake, NY; and the former Lackawanna Boonton Line, which ran from Hoboken to Hackettstown, New Jersey. The Montclair-Boonton line was formed when the Montclair Connection opened on September 30, 2002. The line serves 28 active rail stations in New Jersey along with New York Pennsylvania Station. It crosses through six counties, serving six stations in the township of Montclair, two in the town of Bloomfield, and one in the city of Newark. Trains along the Montclair-Boonton Line heading eastward usually originate at Hackettstown, Mount Olive, Lake Hopatcong, Dover, or Montclair State University, bound for either Hoboken Terminal or New York Penn Station.

Lyndhurst, New Jersey Township in New Jersey

Lyndhurst is a township in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 20,554, reflecting an increase of 1,171 (+6.0%) from the 19,383 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 1,121 (+6.1%) from the 18,262 counted in the 1990 Census.

Contents

The current Glen Ridge, Bloomfield and Watsessing stations along the Montclair branch were all built in 1912 during a grade separation program by the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad. During New Jersey Transit's running of the line, two stations between Watsessing and Newark Broad Street were closed due to low ridership—the Roseville Avenue station in Newark, at the junction with the Morristown Line on September 16, 1984, [8] and Ampere station in East Orange on April 7, 1991. [9] The word "Watsessing" is a Native American term that translates to "mouth of the creek". [3]

Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad transport company

The Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad was a U.S. Class 1 railroad that connected Buffalo, New York, and Hoboken, New Jersey, a distance of about 400 miles (640 km). Incorporated in 1853, the DL&W was profitable during the first two decades of the twentieth century, but its margins were gradually hurt by declining traffic in coal and competition from trucks. In 1960, the DL&W merged with rival Erie Railroad to form the Erie Lackawanna Railroad.

The station has been on the New Jersey State Historic Preservation Office listings since March 25, 1998, the last of the four stations from East Orange to Glen Ridge to receive the listing. On September 14, 2005, the entire Montclair Branch was added to the same listings, although Ampere, Bloomfield and Glen Ridge stations have been on the listings since March 17, 1984. [10]

East Orange, New Jersey City in Essex County, New Jersey, U.S.

East Orange is a city in Essex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census the city's population was 64,270, reflecting a decline of 5,554 (−8.0%) from the 69,824 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 3,728 (−5.1%) from the 73,552 counted in the 1990 Census. The city was the state's 20th most-populous municipality in 2010, after having been the state's 14th most-populous municipality in 2000.

Glen Ridge, New Jersey Borough in New Jersey

Glen Ridge is a borough in Essex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 7,527, reflecting an increase of 256 (+3.5%) from the 7,271 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 195 (+2.8%) from the 7,076 counted in the 1990 Census.

Station layout and services

Watsessing Avenue station facing northward from Westinghouse Plaza Watsessing Avenue from Westinghouse Plaza.jpg
Watsessing Avenue station facing northward from Westinghouse Plaza

Watsessing Avenue station is located on the corner of Watsessing Avenue and Orange Street at Westinghouse Plaza in Bloomfield and is just blocks from Bloomfield's borders with East Orange and Orange. The former depot is currently used by the Bloomfield Police Benevolent Association. There are two below-street-level platforms at the Watsessing station. Ticket vending machines are available at street level on Watsessing Avenue.

Orange, New Jersey City in Essex County, New Jersey, U.S.

The City of Orange is a township in Essex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 30,134, reflecting a decline of 2,734 (-8.3%) from the 32,868 counted in 2000, which had in turn increased by 2,943 (+9.8%) from the 29,925 counted in the 1990 Census.

The station also has two parking lots for use. Maintained by the Bloomfield Parking Authority, the first is on Westinghouse Plaza (near the former Westinghouse Lamp Plant) and has fourteen parking spaces. The parking uses daily parking rules, paying six days a week at $0.25 an hour, except for Sunday, when parking is free. A second lot is available at the intersection of Myrtle Street and Walnut Street. It has forty-five parking spots, two of which are handicap accessible. The lot also contains permit spaces six days a week and free on Sundays, with a cost of $20 parking per quarter (three months). [11]

Westinghouse Lamp Plant

The Westinghouse Lamp Plant located in Bloomfield, New Jersey, was one of the lamp manufacturing plants of Westinghouse Electric Corporation. The plant had a major involvement in supplying uranium metal for the world's first self-sustaining chain reaction in Chicago in the early phase of the Manhattan Project to create the first atomic bomb.

The station has low-level side platforms that are not handicap accessible. The two nearest accessible stations are Newark Broad Street and Bay Street. [12]

GStreet levelStation building and ticket machine
P
Platform level
Side platform, doors will open on the right
Outbound     Montclair-Boonton Line toward Bay Street, Montclair University or Hackettstown (Bloomfield)
Inbound     Montclair-Boonton Line toward Hoboken or New York (Newark Broad Street)
Side platform, doors will open on the right

History

Delaware, Lackawanna and Western ownership (1856–1976)

The former Watsessing Avenue station, prior to the grade separation in 1912 Watsessing Avenue station 1907.jpg
The former Watsessing Avenue station, prior to the grade separation in 1912

The history of a station at Watsessing Avenue in the Watsessing district of Bloomfield dates back to the Newark and Bloomfield Railroad, established in 1856. [13] The station, a houseless station off of Dodd Street, was deemed first as Doddtown by a railroad conductor. This name soon gave way to Watsessing, and in 1865, the line was bought by the Morris and Essex Railroad, running through trains. [4] The Morris and Essex Railroad was soon bought out by the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad, and a new station was built, deemed Watsessing.

In 1911, as the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad continued the project of eliminating at-grade crossings between streets and railroads, the Montclair Branch was the next to receive the structural change. Bloomfield criticized the Lackawanna railroad for making a disgrace of the community. The railroad proposed using $700,000 (1911 USD) of funds to construct a brand new station at Watsessing Avenue along with a new downtown Bloomfield station. The cost of elevating and depressing the railroad came up to about $20,000 (1911 USD) for the Lackawanna. This contract by the railroad and township was approved after negotiations dating back to 1908. The negotiations included a park to be built between both stations on both sides of the railroad. The park land cost the township $50,000 to buy for the construction, and it was to be turned over to the Essex County Park Commission. [14] The former station depot was razed in September 1910 for the construction project. [5]

Watsessing Avenue station before depressing the station as viewed past the former at-grade crossings Watessing Avenue station pre-depression.JPG
Watsessing Avenue station before depressing the station as viewed past the former at-grade crossings

Construction was completed on a 1.5 miles (2.4 km) long segment of the Montclair Branch from East Orange to Glen Ridge and was opened to rail service on November 15, 1912. The project laid 91 pounds (41 kg) of track in addition to steel ties and stone ballast. The station has concrete crossings at Dodd Street, Arlington Avenue and Watsessing Avenue along with a new crossing of the Erie Railroad's Orange Branch just south of the station. [15] The design of Watsessing Avenue's new station was difficult due to the limited right-of-way. While making the separation, a new trench had to be dug, which included retaining walls that prevented moving the existing track alignment to delay railroad traffic. When the station was finished, tracks were shifted to make room for a second track. The station depot was built over the railroad tracks with four concrete arches to support the building. A four-inch (10 cm) ceiling was constructed on the arches, and the station was widened to take more volume of train service. [16]

The station served as the third station on the Montclair Branch, which was first electrified by technology created by Thomas Alva Edison in 1930. The overhead catenary wires were installed, making the line the first electrically run line on the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western alignment. [17] The station remained in service for the Lackawanna Railroad for three more decades, when the railroad merged with the Erie Railroad on October 17, 1960. [18] Although the now Erie-Lackawanna Railway continued to run the Montclair Branch, it reduced service, reducing the once two-rail alignment to one lone track, and removed most of the tracks at Lackawanna Terminal in Montclair. [3] On April 1, 1976, the station was transferred to the Consolidated Rail Corporation (Conrail) as the Erie-Lackawanna Railway was dissolved into the Conrail program. [18]

New Jersey Transit and historical status (1979–present)

These two staircases visible enabled Watsessing Avenue passengers to access the platforms from Orange Street without having to cross via the station building (at rear). Access to them was blocked off as part of the 2008 rehabilitation project. Ruins of the extension of Watsessing Avenue station.jpg
These two staircases visible enabled Watsessing Avenue passengers to access the platforms from Orange Street without having to cross via the station building (at rear). Access to them was blocked off as part of the 2008 rehabilitation project.

In 1979, New Jersey Transit was formed to run bus and train service in place of Conrail and the New Jersey Department of Transportation. In 1983, New Jersey Transit took over rail service from Conrail, and just one year later, the line became a temporary diesel rail line when the overhead catenary wires had to be adjusted for conversion to higher electrical voltage. The station itself was still the third on the Montclair Branch, but the line now ran into a new station at Bay Street in Montclair. On March 17, 1984 all stations on the Montclair Branch but the Roseville Avenue station in Newark, Bay Street and Watsessing Avenue were added to the State Register of Historic Places. The same would occur on June 22, 1984 at the national level with Ampere, Glen Ridge and Bloomfield Stations being added to the National Register of Historic Places. [10] On September 16, 1984, Roseville Avenue station was closed, [8] and just over six years later, on April 7, 1991, Ampere station in East Orange was closed. Since then, Watsessing Avenue has been the first station New Jersey Transit has served on the Montclair Branch, [9] although East Orange has proposed reopening the station at Ampere as part of a redevelopment plan for the Ampere district. [19]

On March 25, 1998, the station at Watsessing Avenue was given the State Historical Preservation Organization honor that Ampere, Glen Ridge and Bloomfield stations received just fourteen years prior. [10] The station continued to receive service through the opening of Montclair Connection on September 30, 2002, which ended service as the Montclair Branch and began as the Montclair-Boonton Line, still the first station on the line after Newark Broad Street Station. [17] On September 10, 2007, New Jersey Transit announced the canopies of the old station, then 95 years old, were to be restored and repaired. The service contracted a $1.7 million project to Watertrol Incorporated of Cranford. At that time, the station served an average of 200 people daily. [20] Improvements for the station included brand new canopy lighting, repairs to the cantilever canopies, replacement of stairways and fencing, along with changing roof tiles and a new drainage system to replace the 1912 version. When the construction was finished in October 2008, the station now served nearly 450 people daily on average. A ceremony to mark its completion was held on October 30, 2008. [21]

See also

Related Research Articles

NJ Transit Rail Operations

NJ Transit Rail Operations is the rail division of NJ Transit. It operates commuter rail service in New Jersey, with most service centered on transportation to and from New York City, Hoboken, and Newark. NJ Transit also operates rail service in Orange and Rockland counties in New York under contract to Metro-North Railroad. The commuter rail lines had an average weekday ridership of 306,892 from June 1, 2015 to June 30, 2016. This does not include NJ Transit's light rail operations.

Morristown Line

The Morristown Line is one of New Jersey Transit's commuter rail lines and is one of two branches that run along the Morris and Essex Lines. Out of 60 inbound and 58 outbound daily weekday trains, 28 inbound and 26 outbound Midtown Direct trains use the Kearny Connection to Secaucus Junction and New York Penn Station; the rest go to Hoboken Terminal. Passengers can transfer at Newark Broad Street or Summit to reach the other destination.

The Morris and Essex Railroad was a railroad across northern New Jersey, later part of the main line of the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad.

Newark Broad Street station NJ Transit commuter and light rail station

Newark Broad Street is a NJ Transit commuter rail and light rail station at 25 University Avenue in Newark in Essex County, New Jersey, United States. Built in 1901-03 on the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad main line from Hoboken to Denville, Scranton and Buffalo, the station's historic architecture includes an elegant clock tower and a brick and stone façade on the station's main building.

Denville station

Denville is a large NJ Transit station in Denville. Located on Estling Road, the three-platform station serves both the Morristown Line and the Montclair-Boonton Line, with service to Hoboken or to New York City via Midtown Direct. The Morristown Line station is two low-level platforms located on a curve, with shelters and a mini-high platform while the Montclair-Boonton Line station is a single platform next to the closed Denville Tower. Denville Tower was constructed as an interlocking tower for the junction between the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad's Boonton Branch and Main Line. The station is the end of a short electrification stretch on the Montclair-Boonton Line and the second-to-last station seeing electrified service on the Morristown Line. After the fork, Morristown Line trains serve Mount Tabor station and Montclair-Boonton Line trains serve the Mountain Lakes station.

Netcong station NJ Transit station in Netcong, New Jersey

Netcong is an NJ Transit station in Netcong, in Morris County, New Jersey, United States. Located on Route 46 at Main Street in downtown Netcong, the small, 1-low level side platform station service passengers for the Morristown Line and the Montclair-Boonton Line. These lines provide service to Hoboken or to New York City via Midtown Direct on the Morristown Line at Dover station and Montclair-Boonton at Montclair State University station. Midtown Direct service can also be transferred at Newark Broad Street station in Newark. There is one track and one platform on the north side, adjacent to the station. NJ Transit maintains a substantial train servicing yard east of the Netcong station at Port Morris in Roxbury Township. Port Morris Yard is proposed to return as the junction of the Montclair-Boonton and Morristown lines for the Lackawanna Cut-Off line to Scranton. Transfers would be provided at Lake Hopatcong station in Landing.

Bloomfield station

Bloomfield is a New Jersey Transit station in Bloomfield, New Jersey along the Montclair-Boonton Line. The station is located in downtown Bloomfield, the second within the municipality, just west of Bloomfield Avenue. This is the second station served on the line after Newark Broad Street Station after Watssesing Avenue station.

Glen Ridge station

Glen Ridge is a New Jersey Transit station at the intersection of Bloomfield Avenue and Ridgewood Avenue in Glen Ridge, Essex County, New Jersey along the Montclair-Boonton Line. Service through Glen Ridge comes from Hoboken Terminal and New York Penn Station and goes through to one of four termini, Bay Street, Montclair State University, Dover and Hackettstown. The station depot is on-grade level with Ridgewood Avenue, with the platform and tracks below street-level.

Bay Street station

Bay Street is a New Jersey Transit station on Pine Street between Bloomfield and Glenridge Avenues in Montclair, New Jersey, along the Montclair-Boonton Line. The station is served by all trains on the line, including all ten weekend trains. The first station of six in Montclair, Bay Street is the southernmost, servicing the downtown district. The station was built originally in 1981 to replace the Lackawanna Terminal built near Grove Street in 1913 as a part of creating the Montclair Connection. Upon its opening on February 27, 1981, Bay Street was a lone platform with a single shelter. In 2002, as part of the Montclair Connection, Bay Street was completely rebuilt to standards for ADA accessibility, including two high-level platforms and a new elevator for a bridge crossing the tracks. The station also received honors in July 2010 for the development around the station and as a result was a part of getting Montclair designated a Transit Village, by the New Jersey Department of Transportation, under the Transit Village Initiative.

Little Falls station New Jersey Transit rail station

Little Falls is the second of two stations maintained by NJ Transit in Little Falls, New Jersey. The station, on the Montclair-Boonton Line is the first to receive limited revenue service due to the end of electrification at the site of the former Great Notch station. Little Falls station, located at Union Avenue in downtown has one side platform with the 1915 station depot, built of brick on the side. The station contains one track for revenue service, and a passing siding for trains. The station is the eighth fare zone, costing $7.75 for a one-way ticket to Hoboken Terminal and a dollar more to transfer at Newark Broad Street to New York Pennsylvania Station. The station has 194 parking spaces, 134 on Railroad Avenue at Montclair Avenue and sixty more along Montclair Avenue. A ticket machine is available. The station is not accessible for handicapped persons. Anyone wishing to receive train service for handicapped must go to Montclair State University station or Wayne Route 23 Transit Center across the Passaic River in Wayne.

Mountain View station railway station in New Jersey, USA

Mountain View, signed on the platform as Mountain View–Wayne, is a station maintained by NJ Transit in Wayne, New Jersey. The station is located on the Montclair-Boonton Line, a merge of the Boonton Line and Montclair Branch in 2002. Prior to the Montclair Connection in 2002, the station was served by the Boonton Line. The station maintains one high-level side platform for the lone revenue service track. The station is located on Erie Avenue, just off of US 202 and Route 23 in Downtown Wayne. Since January 2008, Mountain View station is the second of two stations in Wayne, the other being the Wayne Route 23 Transit Center, a station off the Westbelt interchange. The station boasts 389 parking spaces on four different lots maintained by NJ Transit throughout Wayne. Bike lockers are also available.

Roseville Avenue station

Roseville Avenue was a transfer station on New Jersey Transit's Morris & Essex Lines in Newark, New Jersey, United States. The station was built by the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad in 1903 during a track depression to serve Newark's Roseville neighborhood. It once had two tracks on the Lackawanna mainline and two low-wall platforms, with an additional platform along the Montclair Branch. The station remained in service during most of the 20th century, until New Jersey Transit closed the station on September 16, 1984.

Kingsland station

Kingsland is a railroad station on New Jersey Transit's Main Line. It is located under Ridge Road (Route 17) between New York and Valley Brook Avenues in Lyndhurst, New Jersey, and is one of two stations in Lyndhurst. The station is not staffed, and passengers use ticket vending machines (TVMs) located at street level to purchase tickets. The station is not handicapped-accessible. Originally part of the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad's Boonton Branch, Kingsland station was built in 1903.

Paterson station rail station in Paterson, New Jersey, United States

Paterson is a New Jersey Transit commuter rail train station located on an elevated viaduct above Market Street in downtown Paterson, New Jersey. The railway through the station is double tracked, for north and south traffic on the NJT Main Line.

The New York and Greenwood Lake Railway owned a line between Croxton, Jersey City, New Jersey and Greenwood Lake, New York. Service on the line was provided by the Erie Railroad.

Ampere station

Ampere, formerly known as The Crescent, is a defunct stop on New Jersey Transit's Montclair-Boonton Line in the city of East Orange, Essex County, New Jersey, United States. A station was first built there in 1890 to service to new Crocker Wheeler plant in the district. The stop was named in honor of André-Marie Ampère, a pioneer in electrodynamics and reconstructed as a new Renaissance Revival station in 1908. Ampere was the second stop on the branch west of Newark Broad Street Station until 1984, when the Roseville Avenue station was closed. In June of that year, the station, along with 42 others, was entered into the National Register of Historic Places. In 1986, after continuous deterioration, New Jersey Transit demolished the westbound shelter built in 1921. The agency discontinued rail service to Ampere on April 7, 1991. The entire station was demolished in 1995.

Benson Street station

Benson Street is a former train station in a residential section of the town of Glen Ridge, New Jersey.

WR Draw bridge in United States of America

WR Draw is an out-of-service railroad bridge crossing the Passaic River between Newark and the Arlington section of Kearny, New Jersey. The plate girder rim-bearing swing bridge, originally built in 1897 and modified in 1911 and 1950, is the 14th bridge from the river's mouth at Newark Bay and is 8.1 miles (13.0 km) upstream from it. Last used for regular passenger service in 2002, it is welded in closed position as its height is not considered a hazard to navigation.

The Operating Passenger Railroad Stations Thematic Resource is a list of 53 New Jersey Transit stations in New Jersey entered into the New Jersey Register of Historic Places and National Register of Historic Places in 1984 for their architectural, historical, and cultural merit.

References

  1. "List of Station Numbers". Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad . 1952. p. 2. Retrieved June 2, 2019.
  2. "Montclair-Boonton Line Timetables" (PDF). Newark, New Jersey: New Jersey Transit Rail Operations. May 23, 2010. pp. 1–4. Retrieved July 12, 2010.
  3. 1 2 3 Yanosey, Robert J. (2007). Lackawanna Railroad Facilities (In Color). Volume 1: Hoboken to Dover. Scotch Plains, New Jersey: Morning Sun Books Inc. p. 102. ISBN   1-58248-214-4.
  4. 1 2 Shaw, William H. (1884). History of Essex and Hudson Counties, New Jersey. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Everts & Peck Company. Retrieved July 29, 2010.
  5. 1 2 "Lackawanna's Improvements". The Montclair Times. September 3, 1910. p. 3. Retrieved March 5, 2019 via Newspapers.com. Open Access logo PLoS transparent.svg
  6. "QUARTERLY RIDERSHIP TRENDS ANALYSIS". New Jersey Transit. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 27, 2012. Retrieved January 4, 2013.
  7. "How Many Riders Use NJ Transit's Hoboken Train Station?". Hoboken Patch. Retrieved July 18, 2018.
  8. 1 2 Morris & Essex Lines Timetable (September 16, 1984 ed.). Newark, New Jersey: New Jersey Transit Rail Operations. 1984.
  9. 1 2 Morris & Essex Lines Timetable (April 7, 1991 ed.). Newark, New Jersey: New Jersey Transit Rail Operations. 1991.
  10. 1 2 3 New Jersey State Historical Preservation Office (April 1, 2010). "New Jersey and National Registers of Historic Places – Essex County". New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection. p. 1. Retrieved July 25, 2010.
  11. "Park & Ride Guide – Watsessing Avenue". Newark, New Jersey: New Jersey Transit Rail Operations. 2010. Retrieved July 29, 2010.
  12. "Montclair-Boonton Line". Newark, New Jersey: New Jersey Transit Rail Operations. 2010. Retrieved July 29, 2010.
  13. Urquhart, Frank John (1913). A History of the city of Newark, New Jersey. Volume 1. Lewis Historical Publishing Company.
  14. Arthur Hastings Grant, Harold Sinley Buttenheim (1911). The American City, Volumes 4–5. Buttenheim Publishing Corporation. p. 50. Retrieved July 24, 2010.
  15. Annual report of the Board of Public Utility Commissioners of the State of New Jersey. Issue 7. New Jersey. Board of Public Utility Commissioners. 1912. p. 371. Retrieved July 27, 2010.
  16. Proceedings of the annual convention. Volume 10. American Concrete Institute. 1917. Retrieved July 27, 2010.
  17. 1 2 "The Montclair-Boonton Line" (PDF). Newark, New Jersey: New Jersey Transit Rail Operations. 2002. Retrieved July 27, 2010.
  18. 1 2 Yanosey, Robert J. (2006). Erie Railroad Facilities (In Color). 1: New Jersey. Scotch Plains, New Jersey: Morning Sun Books Inc. p. 128. ISBN   1-58248-183-0.
  19. "City of East Orange – Planning Overview" (PDF). East Orange, New Jersey: City of East Orange. February 2009. Retrieved July 28, 2010.
  20. "NJ Transit to Restore Canopy at Watsessing Station Renovations" (Press release). New Jersey Transit Rail Operations. September 10, 2007. Retrieved July 27, 2010.
  21. "Ceremony Marks Completion of Watsessing Station Renovations" (Press release). New Jersey Transit Rail Operations. October 30, 2008. Retrieved July 27, 2010.