Montclair, New Jersey

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Montclair, New Jersey
Township of Montclair
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Panoramic view of Montclair, New Jersey
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Essex County New Jersey incorporated and unincorporated areas Montclair highlighted.svg
Location in Essex County and the state of New Jersey
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Census Bureau map of Montclair, New Jersey
Location map of Essex County, New Jersey.svg
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Montclair
Location in Essex County
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Montclair
Location in New Jersey
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Montclair
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 40°49′30″N74°12′39″W / 40.824998°N 74.210856°W / 40.824998; -74.210856 Coordinates: 40°49′30″N74°12′39″W / 40.824998°N 74.210856°W / 40.824998; -74.210856 [1] [2]
Country Flag of the United States.svg  United States
State Flag of New Jersey.svg  New Jersey
County Flag of Essex County, New Jersey.gif Essex
Incorporated April 15, 1868 (as township)
ReincorporatedFebruary 24, 1894 (as town)
Government
[3]
  Type Faulkner Act (council–manager)
  BodyTownship Council
   Mayor Sean Spiller (term ends June 30, 2024) [4] [5]
   Township Manager Timothy F. Stafford [6]
   Municipal clerk Angelese Bermúdez Nieves [7]
Area
[1]
  Total6.25 sq mi (16.17 km2)
  Land6.24 sq mi (16.16 km2)
  Water0.01 sq mi (0.02 km2)  0.11%
Area rank252nd of 565 in state
6th of 22 in county [1]
Elevation
[8]
299 ft (91 m)
Population
  Total37,669
  Estimate 
(2019) [12]
38,564
  Rank60th of 566 in state
6th of 22 in county [13]
  Density5,971.2/sq mi (2,305.5/km2)
  Density rank85th of 566 in state
10th of 22 in county [13]
Time zone UTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
  Summer (DST) UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Codes
07042, 07043 [14] [15]
Area code(s) 973 [16]
FIPS code 3401347500 [1] [17] [18]
GNIS feature ID1729720 [1] [19]
Website montclairnjusa.org

Montclair ( /mɒn(t)ˈklɛər/ ) is a township in Essex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 37,669, [9] [10] [11] reflecting a decline of 1,308 (−3.4%) from the 38,977 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 1,248 (+3.3%) from the 37,729 counted in the 1990 Census. [20] As of 2010, it was the 60th-most-populous municipality in New Jersey. [21]

Contents

Montclair was first formed as a township on April 15, 1868, from portions of Bloomfield Township, [22] so that a second railroad could be built to Montclair. After a referendum held on February 21, 1894, Montclair was reincorporated as a town, effective February 24, 1894. [23] It derives its name from the French mont clair, meaning "clear mountain" or "bright mountain." [24] [25]

In 1980, after multiple protests filed by Montclair officials regarding the inequities built into the federal revenue sharing system, [26] Montclair passed a referendum changing its name to the "Township of Montclair," becoming the third of more than a dozen Essex County municipalities to reclassify themselves as townships to take advantage of federal revenue sharing policies that allocated townships a greater share of government aid to municipalities on a per capita basis. [27] [28] [29]

Montclair, which opened the state's first dispensary in December 2012, joins Bellmawr, Cranbury, Egg Harbor Township and Woodbridge Township as one of the five municipalities (of 565 in the state) that have authorized dispensaries for the sale of medical marijuana. [30]

Geography

Skyline of New York City from Montclair at the start of the Watchung Mountains EagleRock 002.jpg
Skyline of New York City from Montclair at the start of the Watchung Mountains
A mural of the road map of Montclair from 1857, when it was known as West Bloomfield Montclair old road map.jpg
A mural of the road map of Montclair from 1857, when it was known as West Bloomfield

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 6.25 square miles (16.17 km2), including 6.24 square miles (16.16 km2) of land and 0.01 square miles (0.02 km2) of water (0.11%). [1] [2]

Montclair is on the east side of the First Mountain of the Watchung Mountains. Some higher locations in the township provide excellent views of the surrounding area and of the New York City skyline about 12 miles (19 km) away. [31]

Named localities in the township include Church Street, Frog Hollow, Montclair Heights, South End, Upper Montclair and Watchung Plaza. [32]

Montclair citizens use two main ZIP Codes. The central and southern parts of the township are designated 07042. Upper Montclair lies north of Watchung Avenue and has a separate ZIP code, 07043. Because the ZIP codes do not exactly match municipal boundaries, a few homes near the borders with neighboring towns fall into the ZIP codes for those communities. A few homes in some adjoining municipalities use one of the two ZIP codes assigned to Montclair, as does HackensackUMC Mountainside (07042, formerly known as Mountainside Hospital), whose campus straddles the border with Glen Ridge. [33] [34] Small areas in the southeast of the township fall into the Glen Ridge ZIP code 07028.

Several streams flow eastward through Montclair: Toney's Brook in the center, Nishuane Brook in the southeast, the Wigwam Brook in the southwest, Pearl Brook in the northwest, and Yantacaw Brook in the northeast – all in the Passaic River watershed. Yantacaw and Toney's brooks are dammed in parks to create ponds. Wigwam, Nishuane, and Toney's brooks flow into the Second River, and the others flow into the Third River. Montclair lies just north of the northernmost extent of the Rahway River watershed.

Montclair borders the municipalities of Bloomfield, Cedar Grove, Glen Ridge, Orange, Verona and West Orange in Essex County; and Clifton and Little Falls in Passaic County. [35] [36] [37]

The southern border of Montclair is a straight line between Eagle Rock, on the ridge of the First Watchung Mountain, and the point where Orange Road begins at the foot of Ridgewood Avenue. The eastern border is roughly a straight line between that point and a point just southwest of where Broad Street crosses the Third River. The western border runs roughly along the ridge of the First Watchung Mountain between Eagle Rock and the Essex County/Passaic County border. The northern border is the border between those two counties.

Climate

Montclair has a temperate climate, with warm-to-hot, humid summers and cool to cold winters, as is characteristic of the Köppen climate classification humid continental climate. January tends to be the coldest month, with average high temperatures in the upper 30s Fahrenheit and lows averaging 21. July, the warmest month, features high temperatures in the mid-80s and lows in the 70s, with an average high of 86 degrees. From April to June and from September to early November, Montclair experiences temperatures from the lower 60s to the lower 70s.

Montclair gets approximately 50 inches (1,300 mm) of rain per year, above the United States average of 39 inches (990 mm).[ citation needed ] Snowfall is common from December to early March, and totals about 30 inches (76 cm) annually. The number of days each year in Montclair with any measurable precipitation is 90; the area has an average of 202 sunny days.

Montclair is one or two degrees warmer than the neighboring municipalities of Verona and Cedar Grove because of the mountain between them, which sometimes blocks winds and clouds, including warmer air from the ocean to the east.[ citation needed ]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1870 2,853
1880 5,14780.4%
1890 8,63667.8%
1900 13,96261.7%
1910 21,55054.3%
1920 28,81033.7%
1930 42,01745.8%
1940 39,807−5.3%
1950 43,92710.3%
1960 43,129−1.8%
1970 44,0432.1%
1980 38,321−13.0%
1990 37,729−1.5%
2000 38,9773.3%
2010 37,669−3.4%
2019 (est.)38,564 [12] [38] [39] 2.4%
Population sources: 1870–1920 [40]
1870–1910 [41] 1870 [42] [43] 1880–1890 [44]
1890–1910 [45] 1900–1930 [46]
1930–1990 [47] 2000 [48] [49] 2010 [9] [10] [11]

The township has long celebrated its diversity, a feature that has attracted many to the community. [50] The African American population has been stable at around 30% for decades, although it fell from 32% in the 2000 Census to 27% in 2010. [48] [9]

Montclair has attracted many New Yorkers. [51] Many residents work for major media organizations in New York City, including The New York Times and Newsweek . A March 11, 2007, posting in the blog Gawker.com listed some of those who work in the media and live in Montclair. [52] Many residents are commuters to New York City and the Metro Area.

2010 Census

The 2010 United States census counted 37,669 people, 15,089 households, and 9,446 families in the township. The population density was 5,971.2 per square mile (2,305.5/km2). There were 15,911 housing units at an average density of 2,522.2 per square mile (973.8/km2). The racial makeup was 62.16% (23,416) White, 27.16% (10,230) Black or African American, 0.16% (59) Native American, 3.81% (1,434) Asian, 0.02% (9) Pacific Islander, 2.19% (826) from other races, and 4.50% (1,695) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.46% (2,810) of the population. [9]

Of the 15,089 households, 33.9% had children under the age of 18; 46.1% were married couples living together; 13.2% had a female householder with no husband present and 37.4% were non-families. Of all households, 30.9% were made up of individuals and 8.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.15. [9]

25.5% of the population were under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 30.3% from 45 to 64, and 11.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.9 years. For every 100 females, the population had 87.2 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 82.2 males. [9]

The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $95,696 (with a margin of error of +/- $5,396) and the median family income was $126,983 (+/- $8,950). Males had a median income of $83,589 (+/- $5,955) versus $66,063 (+/- $3,616) for females. The per capita income for the township was $53,572 (+/- $2,671). About 4.6% of families and 2.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.0% of those under age 18 and 4.6% of those age 65 or over. [53]

2000 Census

As of the 2000 United States Census, [17] 38,977 people, 15,020 households, and 9,687 families resided in the township. The population density was 6,184 people per square mile (2,389/km2). There were 15,531 housing units at an average density of 2,464 per square mile (951.8/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 59.77% White, 32.06% African American, 3.15% Asian, 0.19% Native American, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.77% from other races, and 3.03% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.12% of the population. [48] [49]

Of the 15,020 households in Montclair, 34.3% included children under the age of 18, 47.2% were married couples living together, 14.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.5% were non-families. Individuals living alone accounted for 29.3% of all households, and in 8.6% of households, that individual was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.16. [48] [49]

Like most stable, mature communities, Montclair had many people in each age group, with 25.6% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 31.9% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, and 12.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.7 males. [48] [49]

The median income for a household in the township was $74,894, and the median income for a family was $96,252. Males had a median income of $64,151 versus $43,520 for females. The per capita income for the township was $44,870. About 3.9% of families and 5.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.4% of those under age 18 and 7.2% of those age 65 or over. [48] [49]

Economy

Montclair has six distinct commercial zones:

Arts and culture

Whole Theatre

Olympia_Dukakis_2019 Olympia Dukakis 2019.jpg
Olympia_Dukakis_2019

In 1971 the actors Louis Zorich and his wife, the later Oscar winning actress, Olympia Dukakis, founded a theatre group which included Remi Barclay, Jason Bosseau, Margery Fierst, Gerald Fierst and many others. Some of the acting artistic and administrative participants were permanent, semi permanent. Performances were peppered by visits and occasional celebrity artists. Naming themselves Whole Theatre they based themselves here in Montclair, New Jersey. Being twelve miles from the centre of New York City by the direct route through the Lincoln Tunnel under the Hudson River, the Whole Theatre productions were therefore easily available to New York City and New Jersey audiences.

In the two decades in which Whole Theatre flourished, they presented a long list of performances in a wide variety of genres. Productions included the Rose Tattoo, Mother Courage, Rabelais: a Dramatic Game (1985), and America at Full Moon (1986).

They enjoyed the support of the local community and the theatre community of New York and New Jersey generally. For example, in 1975-76 the company acknowledged over 120 substantial donors in their program as well as funding from the New Jersey State Council on the Arts and the Rockefeller Brothers Fund. [55] [56] [57]

Remi_Barclay_Messenger_2000 Remi Barclay Messenger.jpg
Remi_Barclay_Messenger_2000

In 1989 Olymypia Dukakis was listed as the company’s Artistic Director. Her two co-directors were Remi Barclay and Gerald Fierst, who were jointly responsible for Education and Outreach. [58] In 2018 Brooke Lea Foster of The New York Times stated that it was one of several "least suburban of suburbs, each one celebrated by buyers there for its culture and hip factor, as much as the housing stock and sophisticated post-city life." [59]

Art Institutions

Montclair hosts many art institutions and theaters, and despite its relatively small size, has many art venues. It has its own art museum, the Montclair Art Museum, and several small galleries.

Montclair also hosts one cinema, the Clairidge Cinema on Bloomfield Avenue which shows different types of movies from documentaries to small scale indie films. The township hosted its first annual film festival in 2012 to provide a platform for filmmakers from New Jersey, the US and the world. [60]

Live theaters include The Montclair Operetta Company, the Wellmont Theatre, Montclair State University's Kasser Theater, Montclair State University's theater in Life Hall, and the Studio Playhouse. On Bloomfield Avenue there is a public stage used for concerts and other events. Dotted around Montclair there are also many art galleries, though most are centered in the Bloomfield Avenue Downtown Area. [61] Concerts are held at the Wellmont Theatre and at several churches and auditoriums sponsored by Outpost in the Burbs, a community-based organization. In 2017, The Montclair Orchestra was formed as a semi-professional orchestra, composed of both professionals and students from top colleges. [62]

Montclair was the setting for some of the stories in the HBO television series The Sopranos , and many Montclair streets, locations and businesses were featured in the show, such as Bloomfield Avenue. [63]

Montclair Public Library is one of the oldest public libraries in New Jersey, with the largest collection of materials in northern New Jersey. [64] Its Director is Peter Coyl. [65]

Music History: As Time Goes By

Gerald Fierst at the grave of Herman Hupfeld -2015 Gerald Fierst - grave of Herman Hupfeld.jpg
Gerald Fierst at the grave of Herman Hupfeld -2015

The composer of the second most renowned song in music history "As time goes by", [66] Herman Hupfeld, was born in Montclair, attended Montclair High School, and lived his life here. He is buried in the Montclair cemetery. [67]

In 1935 Hupfeld built his home at 259 Park St, Upper Montclair with the royalties from his song, especially when it featured in the most famous movie of all time "Casablanca". The house is now owned by former Whole Theatre Director and civil celebrant Gerald Fierst. The top floor of the house has a grand living room space where soirees were held in the late 1930s attended by such luminaries as Bing Crosby and Mae West. [67]

Sports

Parks and recreation

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Anderson Park
Edgemont Memorial Park Edgemont Park.JPG
Edgemont Memorial Park

Montclair is home to many parks and nature reserves. Parks in Montclair are both county and municipal. Additional open space includes the Presby Memorial Iris Gardens, and many school owned sports fields, viz., Montclair State University's Sprague Field. In total Montclair has 153.9 acres (0.623 km2) of township park land spread over 18 parks and 123.8 acres (0.501 km2) of county park land consisting of five parks. [73]

Municipal parks include Mountainside Park, the township's largest at 33.2 acres (13.4 ha), which offers extensive tennis and recreation facilities, and includes the Presby Memorial Iris Gardens, a 6.5-acre (2.6 ha) living museum donated by the family of Frank Presby that is maintained by volunteers and dedicated to the iris. [74] Covering nearly 20 acres (8.1 ha) of wetlands and uplands along the Third River, the Alonzo F. Bonsal Wildlife Preserve offers hiking trails and other passive recreation. [75] Yantacaw Brook Park, covering 11.5 acres (4.7 ha), surrounds a pond that is fed by Yantacaw Brook and that in turn feeds into the Third River on its way towards the Passaic River. [76]

The township has 18 public tennis courts, four skating rinks (two of which are indoor), and three public swimming pools: the Mountainside pool, the Nishuane pool, and the Essex pool. [77]

In 2007, township residents advocated for construction of a public skatepark. [78] Community members revitalized the effort in 2010 and lobbied the Parks and Recreation Committee for support. The township council passed a resolution expressing approval of the project, but allocated no funds for it. [79] [80] [81]

Government

Montclair Municipal Building, the town's government building Montclair Municipal Building, Montclair NJ (2006).jpg
Montclair Municipal Building, the town's government building

Local government

Since July 1, 1988, Montclair has been governed under the Council-Manager plan 13 form of municipal government under the Faulkner Act, whose originator, Bayard H. Faulkner, was a former mayor of Montclair. [82] The township is one of 42 municipalities (of the 565) statewide that use this form of government. [83] The governing body is comprised of the Mayor and the Township Council, who are elected to concurrent four-year terms on a non-partisan basis in elections held as part of the May municipal elections. The mayor is elected directly by the voters. The Township Council is comprised of six members, of which two council seats are elected from the township at-large and one council seat is elected from each of four wards. [3] [84] A deputy mayor is selected by the six council members from their members, and this position is largely ceremonial. Though the Mayor has no executive powers, the Mayor presides over council meetings and has both a voice and vote in its proceedings. The Mayor appoints members to many local governing groups, most notably the board of education. [85]

As of 2020, the Mayor of Montclair is Sean M. Spiller. Members of the Montclair Township Council are Deputy Mayor William L. Hurlock (First Ward), Lori Price Abrams (Third Ward), David Cummings (Fourth Ward), Robert J. Russo (At-Large), Robin Schlager (Second Ward) and Peter Yacobellis (At-Large), all of whom serve terms of office that end on June 30, 2024. [4] [86] [87] [88] [89]

In elections held on May 12, 2020, Sean M. Spiller was elected as mayor, defeating Renée Baskerville. Peter Yacobellis and incumbent Robert Russo won the two at-large seats, defeating the three other candidates – James Cotter, Carmel Loughman, and Roger Terry. Incumbent Robin Schlager won the Second Ward, defeating Christina M. Thomas; Lori Price Abrams defeated Marguerite Joralemon in the Third Ward; incumbent Bill Hurlock won the First Ward seat, defeating John Hearn; and David Cummings, who ran unopposed, won in the Fourth Ward. [90]

Federal, state and county representation

Logo of Montclair, depicting the letter 'l' as the memorial obelisk in Edgemont Memorial Park Montclair logo.jpg
Logo of Montclair, depicting the letter 'l' as the memorial obelisk in Edgemont Memorial Park

Montclair is split between the 10th and 11th Congressional Districts [91] and is part of New Jersey's 34th state legislative district. [10] [92] [93] Prior to the 2010 Census, Montclair had been part of the 8th Congressional District and the 10th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections. [94] The split that took effect in 2013 drew the southern section of the township (26,730 residents) into the 10th District, while the northern portion (11,299 residents) moved to the 11th District. [91] [95]

For the 117th United States Congress , New Jersey's Tenth Congressional District is represented by Donald Payne Jr. ( D , Newark ). [96] [97] For the 117th United States Congress , New Jersey's Eleventh Congressional District is represented by Mikie Sherrill ( D , Montclair ). [98] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker ( Newark , term ends 2027) [99] and Bob Menendez ( Harrison , term ends 2025). [100] [101]

For the 2020–2021 session ( Senate , General Assembly ), the 34th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Nia Gill ( D , Montclair ) and in the General Assembly by Thomas P. Giblin (D, Montclair) and Britnee Timberlake (D, East Orange ). [102] [103]

Essex County is governed by a directly-elected County Executive , with legislative functions performed by the Board of Chosen Freeholders . [104] As of 2018, the County Executive is Joseph N. DiVincenzo Jr. ( D , Roseland ). [105] The county's Board of Chosen Freeholders consists of nine members, four elected on an at-large basis and one from each of five wards, who serve three-year terms of office on a concurrent basis, all of which end December 31, 2018. [104] [106] [107] Essex County's Freeholders are Freeholder President Brendan W. Gill (D, at-large ; Montclair ), [108] Freeholder Vice President Wayne L. Richardson (D, District 2 – Irvington , Maplewood and Newark's South Ward and parts of West Ward; Newark), [109] Janine G. Bauer (D, District 3 - East Orange , Newark 's West and Central Wards, Orange and South Orange ; South Orange, appointed to serve on an interim basis), [110] Rufus I. Johnson (D, at large; Newark), [111] Lebby C. Jones (D, at large; Irvington), [112] Leonard M. Luciano (D, District 4 – Caldwell , Cedar Grove , Essex Fells , Fairfield , Livingston , Millburn , North Caldwell , Roseland , Verona , West Caldwell and West Orange ; West Caldwell), [113] Robert Mercado (D, District 1 – Newark's North and East Wards, parts of Central and West Wards; Newark), [114] Carlos M. Pomares (D, District 5 – Belleville , Bloomfield , Glen Ridge , Montclair and Nutley ; Bloomfield) [115] and Patricia Sebold (D, at large; Livingston). [116] [106] [117] [118] Constitutional officers elected countywide are County Clerk Christopher J. Durkin ( West Caldwell ; D, 2020), [119] [120] Sheriff Armando B. Fontoura ( Fairfield ; D, 2018) [121] [122] and Surrogate Theodore N. Stephens II (D, 2021). [123] [124] [106]

Politics

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 27,289 registered voters in Montclair, of which 14,782 (54.2%) were registered as Democrats, 2,581 (9.5%) were registered as Republicans and 9,903 (36.3%) were registered as unaffiliated. There were 23 voters registered to other parties. [125]

In the 2016 presidential election, Democrat Hillary Clinton received 85.8% of the vote (18,048 votes), ahead of Republican Donald Trump with 11.0% (2,318 votes), and other candidates with 3.1% (661 votes), among the 21,382 ballots cast by the township's 31,610 registered voters (355 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 67.6%. [126] [127] In the 2012 presidential election, Barack Obama received 83.0% of the vote (15,811 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 15.9% (3,034 votes), and other candidates with 1.1% (201 votes), among the 19,576 ballots cast by the township's 29,463 registered voters (530 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 66.4%. [128] [129] In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 83.0% of the vote (17,396 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 15.7% (3,294 votes) and other candidates with 0.6% (132 votes), among the 20,951 ballots cast by the township's 27,476 registered voters, for a turnout of 76.3%. [130] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 78.8% of the vote (15,597 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 20.2% (3,995 votes) and other candidates with 0.6% (157 votes), among the 19,804 ballots cast by the township's 25,762 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 76.9. [131]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Democrat Barbara Buono received 70.5% of the vote (7,613 cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 28.3% (3,057 votes), and other candidates with 1.2% (131 votes), among the 10,941 ballots cast by the township's 29,768 registered voters (140 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 36.8%. [132] [133] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 73.9% of the vote (10,139 ballots cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 18.7% (2,573 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 5.8% (801 votes) and other candidates with 0.8% (104 votes), among the 13,723 ballots cast by the township's 26,843 registered voters, yielding a 51.1% turnout. [134]

Transportation

CR 506 westbound in Montclair 2018-07-18 16 03 17 View west along Essex County Route 506 (Bloomfield Avenue) just west of Essex County Route 668 (Elm Street) and Essex County Route 623 (Grove Street) in Montclair Township, Essex County, New Jersey.jpg
CR 506 westbound in Montclair

Montclair is considered a commuter suburb of New York City. NJ Transit and DeCamp Bus Lines are the providers of public transportation. The average Montclair commute is 38 minutes each way. Twenty-four percent of commuters take mass transit, while 59% drive alone. Twelve times more Montclair commuters take mass transit than the national average.[ citation needed ]

Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 100.62 miles (161.93 km) of roadways, of which 86.68 miles (139.50 km) were maintained by the municipality and 13.94 miles (22.43 km) by Essex County Road Dept. [135]

Major roads in the township include CR 506 (Bloomfield Avenue). [136]

There is a taxi stand off of Bloomfield Avenue in eastern Montclair, in front of Lackawanna Plaza, formerly the Montclair train station.

Bus

NJ Transit buses 11, 28, 29, 34, 97, 191 and 705 run through Montclair, most going along the main street, Bloomfield Avenue. [137] [138] The NJ transit bus routes are:

All of these routes except #97, #191, and #705 were trolley lines originally, operated by the Public Service Railway. A trolley garage existed on Bloomfield Avenue. In the 1930s and 1950s the trolleys were destroyed and replaced with buses.

DeCamp Bus Lines routes 33 and 66 run through Montclair to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in New York City, carrying primarily commuters.

Montclair State University has shuttle buses going around its campus. [141]

The township of Montclair operates a jitney in the evening from the Bay Street train station to the southern end of Montclair. [142]

Rail

The former Lackawanna Railroad terminal, photographed when it housed a Hollywood Video store Lackawanna.jpg
The former Lackawanna Railroad terminal, photographed when it housed a Hollywood Video store

Running through Montclair is the Montclair-Boonton Line, serving New York Penn Station via Hoboken Terminal to the east, and Hackettstown to the west. [143] Seven NJ Transit Rail stations serve Montclair: Bay Street, [144] Walnut Street, [145] Watchung Avenue, [146] Upper Montclair, [147] Mountain Avenue, [148] and Montclair Heights in Montclair, [149] and Montclair State University station in the Great Notch area of Little Falls. [150] Only Bay Street station has weekend train service.

Montclair has a long history of railroads. The first railroad to Montclair was built in 1856 by the Newark and Bloomfield Railroad. It terminated at a station in Downtown Montclair. First the Morris and Essex Railroad, then the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad leased the line.

In 1868, the Montclair Railway built another line through Montclair, which caused disputes leading to Montclair's separation from Bloomfield. Shortly afterward it was taken over by the New York and Greenwood Lake Railway, a subsidiary of the Erie Railroad. A third railroad to Morristown was planned in 1860 and construction began, but the Panic of 1873 ended the project. In 1912 the Lackawanna Railroad built a large terminal at the end of their line. The Erie and Lackawanna Railroads later merged, forming the Erie-Lackawanna Railroad, which operated both lines for many decades. They were next operated by Conrail for approximately one year, after which NJ Transit took over passenger operations and Conrail continued freight operations. Meanwhile, the 1912 terminal was closed in 1981 and converted into shops. This station was replaced by the Bay Street station. In 2002, the two railway lines were connected with the construction of the Montclair Connection. [151]

Housing

Montclair is noted for its historic architecture. It is home to six historic districts listed on the Register of Historic Places of both the state and country as a whole, 92 individually listed landmarks, and two locally designated commercial districts. Works by significant architects include designs by Van Vleck and Goldsmith, Charles Follen McKim, McKim, Mead, and White, Henry Hudson Holly, Charles A. Platt, Alexander Jackson Davis, Dudley Van Antwerp, Effingham R. North, Montrose Morris, and Frances Nelson, among others.[ citation needed ]

In 2018, Bobbi Brown, founder and ex-CCO of Bobbi Brown Cosmetics, and her husband, realtor Steven Plofker opened The George, a 32-room boutique hotel on North Mountain Avenue that was originally a private home constructed in 1902. [152]

Montclair has also housed many hotels, such as the defunct Hotel Montclair. In 2013, plans were announced to bring a new hotel to Montclair, featuring 100 rooms and a liquor license. [153]

Education

Board of Education Building Board of Education, Montclair NJ (2006).jpg
Board of Education Building

The Montclair Public Schools serve students in kindergarten through twelfth grade. [154] The district consists of seven elementary schools, three middle schools and one high school. [155] As of the 2018–19 school year, the district, comprised of 11 schools, had an enrollment of 6,767 students and 564.8 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.0:1. [156] Schools in the district (with 2018–19 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) [157] are Bradford Elementary School [158] (436 students; in grades K-5, Magnet Theme: The University Magnet), Charles H. Bullock Elementary School [159] (448; K-5, Environmental Science), Edgemont Montessori School [160] (280; K-5, Montessori), Hillside Elementary School [161] (577; 3–5, Gifted and Talented), Nishuane Elementary School [162] (417; K-2, Gifted and Talented), Northeast Elementary School [163] (412; K-5, Global Studies), Watchung Elementary School [164] (425; K-5, Science and Technology),

Glenfield School Glenfield Sch Montclair jeh.jpg
Glenfield School

Buzz Aldrin Middle School [165] (667; 6–8, The STEM Magnet), Glenfield Middle School [166] (675; 6–8, Visual and Performing Arts), Renaissance Middle School at the Rand Building [167] (257; 6–8, Liberal Arts) and Montclair High School [168] (2,081; 9-12). [169] [170]

Montclair is home to Montclair State University, which was founded in 1908 as the New Jersey State Normal School at Montclair. [171]

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark supervises the operation of Immaculate Conception High School (coed) and Lacordaire Academy (for girls)at the high school level [172] and Lacordaire Academy Lower Division and St. Cassian School for grades PreK-8. [173] In 2016, St. Cassian School was one of ten schools in New Jersey, and one of four private schools in the state, recognized as a National Blue Ribbon School by the United States Department of Education, a recognition celebrating excellence in academics. [174] [175]

Montclair is also home to a host of private and parochial schools, including Montclair Kimberley Academy, [176] Montclair Community Pre-K, Montclair Cooperative School, Virginia Harkness Sawtelle Learning, Maria Montessori Early Learning, Montclair Cooperative School, Trinity Academy and Deron School II.

Media

WNJN-TV transmitter site WNJN-TV Montclair dishes jeh.jpg
WNJN-TV transmitter site

Montclair has three local newspapers, the Montclair Dispatch, [177] the Montclair Times [178] and as of 2017, The Montclair Local . [179] In addition, there is a radio station at 90.3 FM on the campus of Montclair State University, WMSC. [180] The township has a municipal public service television channel, Channel 34, where township council and school board meetings are broadcast. Montclair High School has its own paper the Mountaineer, and Montclair State University has its own student-run paper, the Montclarion. WNJN - one of four stations of state-wide PBS member station NJTV - is also located there.

Sister cities

Montclair's sister cities are: [181]

Points of interest

Van Vleck House and Gardens VanVleckHouse.jpg
Van Vleck House and Gardens

Historic sites

The Anchorage The Anchorage, Montclair, New Jersey.jpg
The Anchorage
Central Presbyterian Church Monclair NJ Central Presby PHS746.jpg
Central Presbyterian Church
The House that Lives 83 Watchung Avenue Montclair NJ-SWM-TLW- 2012-09-23.jpg
The House that Lives
Charles S. Shultz House Charles S Schultz House, Montclair, New Jersey.jpg
Charles S. Shultz House

Montclair is home to the following locations on the National Register of Historic Places: [182]

Location in, and home to the authors of, Cheaper by the Dozen

In the 1948 biographical novel Cheaper by the Dozen , the principal characters Frank Bunker Gilbreth Sr. and Lillian Moller Gilbreth live in Montclair, as the authors did in real life. [185]

Motor Vehicle: The Mercury Montclair

The Mercury Montclair was an automobile marque of Ford produced in the 1950s and 1960s. The Phaeton model was a significant prize in Ed Sullivan's $425,000 Mercury Contest, an eight week promotion that awarded a total of 80 vehicles and hundreds of other prizes.

Notable people

Related Research Articles

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Watsessing Avenue station Rail station in New Jersey, US

Watsessing Avenue is a New Jersey Transit rail station in Bloomfield, New Jersey, along the Montclair-Boonton Line. It is located beneath the Bloomfield Police Benevolent Association meeting hall near the corner of Watsessing Avenue and Orange Street in Bloomfield. It is one of two stations on the line where the boarding platform is below ground level. The Watsessing station and the Kingsland station in Lyndhurst on the Main Line shared similar designs and were built about the same time.

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West Orange is a suburban township in Essex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, its population was 46,207, an increase of 1,264 (+2.8%) from the 44,943 counted in the 2000 Census. West Orange is both an inner-ring suburb of Newark and a commuter suburb of New York City; it is approximately 12 miles west of Manhattan. West Orange is well known for having been home to the inventor Thomas Edison, who also maintained a laboratory and workshop in town.

Montclair-Boonton Line Commuter rail line in New Jersey

The Montclair-Boonton Line is a commuter rail line of New Jersey Transit Rail Operations in the United States. It is part of the Hoboken Division. The line is a consolidation of three individual lines: the former Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad's Montclair Branch, which ran from Hoboken Terminal to Bay Street, Montclair; the Erie Railroad's Greenwood Lake Division, which originally ran from the Erie's Jersey City Terminal to Greenwood Lake, NY; and the former Lackawanna Boonton Line, which ran from Hoboken to Hackettstown, New Jersey. The Montclair-Boonton line was formed when the Montclair Connection opened on September 30, 2002. The line serves 28 active rail stations in New Jersey along with New York Pennsylvania Station. It crosses through six counties, serving six stations in the township of Montclair, two in the town of Bloomfield, and one in the city of Newark. Trains along the Montclair-Boonton Line heading eastward usually originate at Hackettstown, Mount Olive, Lake Hopatcong, Dover, or Montclair State University, bound for either Hoboken Terminal or New York Penn Station. On system maps the line is colored maroon and its symbol is a bird, after the state bird, the eastern goldfinch.

References

Notes
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  2. 1 2 US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. 1 2 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 148.
  4. 1 2 Mayor & Township Council, Montclair Township. Accessed August 16, 2020.
  5. Council-Manager Form of Government, Township of Montclair. Accessed July 1, 2020.
  6. Office of the Township Manager, Township of Montclair. Accessed October 22, 2020.
  7. Municipal Clerk, Township of Montclair. Accessed October 22, 2020.
  8. "Township of Montclair". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey . Retrieved March 8, 2013.
  9. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 DP-1 – Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Montclair township, Monmouth County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at archive.today , United States Census Bureau. Accessed April 5, 2012.
  10. 1 2 3 4 Municipalities Sorted by 2011-2020 Legislative District, New Jersey Department of State. Accessed February 1, 2020.
  11. 1 2 3 Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Montclair township Archived June 2, 2013, at the Wayback Machine , New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed April 5, 2012.
  12. 1 2 QuickFacts for Montclair township, Essex County, New Jersey; Essex County, New Jersey; New Jersey from Population estimates, July 1, 2019, (V2019), United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2020.
  13. 1 2 GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 – State – County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at archive.today , United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 11, 2012.
  14. Look Up a ZIP Code for Montclair, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed April 5, 2012.
  15. ZIP codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed October 3, 2013.
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  23. Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606–1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 129. Accessed July 6, 2012.
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  28. "Removing Tiering From The Revenue Sharing Formula Would Eliminate Payment Inequities To Local Governments", Government Accountability Office, April 15, 1982. Accessed September 24, 2015. "In 1978, South Orange Village was the first municipality to change its name to the 'township' of South Orange Village effective beginning in entitlement period 10 (October 1978 to September 1979). The Borough of Fairfield in 1978 changed its designation by a majority vote of the electorate and became the 'Township of Fairfield' effective beginning entitlement period 11 (October 1979 to September 1980).... However, the Revenue Sharing Act was not changed and the actions taken by South Orange and Fairfield prompted the Town of Montclair and West Orange to change their designation by referendum in the November 4, 1980, election. The municipalities of Belleville, Verona, Bloomfield, Nutley, Essex Fells, Caldwell, and West Caldwell have since changed their classification from municipality to a township."
  29. Narvaez, Alfonso A. "New Jersey Journal", The New York Times , December 27, 1981. Accessed September 24, 2015. "Under the Federal system, New Jersey's portion of the revenue sharing funds is disbursed among the 21 counties to create three 'money pools.' One is for county governments, one for 'places' and a third for townships. By making the change, a community can use the 'township advantage' to get away from the category containing areas with low per capita incomes."
  30. Guion, Payton. "Marijuana legalization would force tough choice for N.J. towns", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, November 15, 2017. Accessed November 15, 2017. "NJ Advance Media reached out to mayors in all five towns that have medical dispensaries: Bellmawr, Cranbury, Egg Harbor, Montclair and Woodbridge."
  31. Garbarine, Rachelle. "Montclair Projects Echo Older Housing", The New York Times , April 20, 1990. Accessed November 5, 2019. "Kip's Ridge, which sits on an eight-acre tract on a ridge along the side of First Mountain, rises 600 feet along the border of Montclair and Verona.... As Montclair's highest point, the ridge offers a clear view of the Manhattan skyline."
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  34. Roll, Erin. "Glen Ridge baby boom: More than 500 births so far in 2013", Glen Ridge Voice, August 1, 2013. Accessed October 3, 2013. "Mountainside is located on the Montclair-Glen Ridge border, and the hospital's mailing address is listed as Montclair. But because the hospital building itself is located in Glen Ridge, every child born at the hospital has Glen Ridge listed as their place of birth."
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  51. Poletto, Christina. "Montclair is the only suburb true New Yorkers will even consider", New York Post , September 4, 2019. Accessed November 5, 2019. "Some folks like to say that Montclair, the winsome New Jersey township 12 miles west of Manhattan, is the optimal spot for urbanites ready for more bang for their real estate buck."
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  72. Montclair Giants
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  75. Montclair’s Alonzo Bonsal Wildlife Preserve! , NJUrbanForest.com. Accessed January 21, 2018. "Welcome to the 20.68 acre Alonzo F. Bonsal Wildlife Preserve! The preserve is located and owned by the Township of Montclair, New Jersey and was purchased with NJ DEP Green Acres funds."
  76. About, Yantacaw Brook Park Conservancy. Accessed January 21, 2018. "Yantacaw Brook Park is the municipal park located in Montclair, New Jersey. The park consists of approximately 11.5 acres (47,000 m2) of land. The park contains a small pond and a stream that feeds into it. The pond is surrounded by trees and low hills. There are paths and benches throughout the park. The Yantacaw Brook feeds the pond and then continues into the Third River through Bloomfield, Nutley, and Belleville where it finally meets the Passaic River."
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