Delaware Valley

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Delaware Valley
Greater Philadelphia
Southeastern Pennsylvania

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD MSA
Philadelphia from South Street Bridge July 2016 panorama 3.jpg
Delawarevalleymap.png
Map of the Lower Delaware Valley Metropolitan Area. In addition to the shaded area, other parts of South Jersey are often considered to be part of the Delaware Valley.
Country Flag of United States.svg United States
State - Flag of Pennsylvania.svg Pennsylvania
 - Flag of New Jersey.svg New Jersey
 - Flag of Delaware.svg Delaware
 - Flag of Maryland.svg Maryland
Principal cities Philadelphia
Camden
Wilmington
Reading
Trenton [lower-alpha 1]
Atlantic City
Vineland
Conshohocken
Dover
Chester
Upper Darby
Media
Hammonton
Norristown
Doylestown
Cherry Hill
West Chester
Evesham
Washington Township
Salem
Cape May Court House
Lower Township
The Wildwoods
Brigantine
Ventnor City
Margate City
Sea Isle City
Haverford
Coatesville
Lower Merion
Gloucester Township
Downingtown
Phoenixville
Pottstown
King of Prussia
Bensalem Township
Newark, DE
Elkton
Area
  Urban
1,981.4 sq mi (5,131.7 km2)
  Metro
5,118 sq mi (13,256 km2)
Elevation0 - 1,080 ft (0 - 329 m)
Population
 (2013 est.)
  Density2,746.32/sq mi (1,060.36/km2)
   Urban
5,441,567 (5th)
   MSA
6,096,372 (8th)
   CSA
7,146,706 (8th)
 MSA/CSA = 2013, Urban = 2010
Time zone UTC-5 (EST)
  Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EST)

The Delaware Valley is the valley through which the Delaware River flows. By extension, this toponym is commonly used to refer to Greater Philadelphia or Philadelphia metropolitan area ("the [Lower] Delaware Valley Metropolitan Area"). The Delaware Valley is coterminous with a metropolitan statistical area (MSA) and broader combined statistical area (CSA), and is composed of counties located in Southeastern Pennsylvania, South Jersey, Delaware, and the Eastern Shore of Maryland. As of the 2010 Census, the MSA has a population of over 6 million, while the CSA has a population of over 7.1 million.

Contents

Philadelphia is by far the largest municipality in the Delaware Valley, and serves as the region's major commercial, cultural, and industrial center. Other municipalities in the MSA include Camden, New Jersey and Wilmington, Delaware, while the larger CSA also includes municipalities such as Reading, Pennsylvania and Atlantic City, New Jersey. The Delaware Valley Metropolitan Area is located in the Northeastern United States and forms part of a larger urbanized area known as the Northeast megalopolis. According to the Bureau of Economic Analysis, the Philadelphia metropolitan area has a gross domestic product of $431 billion, the ninth-largest among U.S. metropolitan areas. 2016 Census Bureau estimates rank the Delaware Valley CSA as the ninth-largest CSA in the United States.

The Delaware Valley has been influential in American history and industry; its citizens have become leaders in higher education, biotechnology, medicine, tourism, and other fields. The area has hosted many people and sites significant to American culture, history, and politics. Philadelphia is sometimes known as "The Birthplace of America", [3] as both the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution were drafted and signed in Philadelphia. The Delaware Valley was home to many other instrumental moments in the American Revolution, and Philadelphia served as the capital of the United States for much of the 18th century. Today, the area is home to a number of nationally known universities, such as the University of Pennsylvania, Drexel University, Villanova University, Saint Joseph's University, Temple University, and University of Delaware. [4]

Geography

The drainage basin of the Delaware River. Delaware river basin map.png
The drainage basin of the Delaware River.

In geology and geography, a strict sense of the term would incorporate the Delaware River's main drainage basin, and so encompass major tributaries such as the Schuylkill River and Lehigh River and their valleys or sub-basins. These extensions also apply culturally with decreasing degree gradually decreased by proximal distance because the ease of land travel enables a great deal of daily interaction; for example, the large number of commuters who travel daily 45–90 minutes creates cultural blends and parallel values.

Definitions of the metropolitan area

In the course of their work, U.S. government agencies have reached various definitions of the Delaware Valley and the Greater Philadelphia Area.

The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) defines metropolitan statistical area (MSAs), which are regions with relatively high population densities at their cores and close economic ties throughout their respective areas. MSAs are further combined into CSAs (combined statistical areas), reflecting commuting patterns. Neither is a formal administrative division.

Metropolitan statistical area (MSA)

Historical population
CensusPop.
1820 171,430
1830 228,20333.1%
1840 305,27833.8%
1850 467,05353.0%
1860 636,02936.2%
1870 841,23032.3%
1880 1,062,67726.3%
1890 1,391,15730.9%
1900 1,892,49636.0%
1910 2,268,20919.9%
1920 2,714,27119.7%
1930 3,137,04015.6%
1940 3,299,6375.2%
1950 3,671,04811.3%
1960 4,757,46229.6%
1970 5,317,40711.8%
1980 5,240,039−1.5%
1990 5,435,4683.7%
2000 5,687,1474.6%
2010 5,965,3434.9%
Est. 20196,102,4342.3%
U.S. Decennial Census

Philadelphia is located in the Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington Metropolitan Statistical Area, which includes: [5]

Combined statistical area (CSA)

The Philadelphia-Reading-Camden Combined Statistical Area includes [5]

Counties not in the Philadelphia metropolitan area

Some counties to the north of the Philadelphia MSA and CSA, such as Hunterdon County, New Jersey, lie partly in the Delaware Valley as a geographic concept, that is, the drainage basin of the Delaware River. Local businesses and the Delaware Valley Regional High School carry the name. However, Hunterdon County does not belong to the Philadelphia CSA, but rather to the New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), part of the larger New York-Newark Combined Statistical Area (CSA). [5]

Regional Planning Commission

The Delaware Valley Regional Planning Commission (DVRPC) serves all the counties of the MSA above, except for the counties in the Wilmington, DE-MD-NJ Metropolitan Division. However the DVRPC does include, additionally, Mercer County, New Jersey, which the OMB classifies as the Trenton-Princeton, NJ MSA, part of the larger New York-Newark CSA. [6]

Population and economy

The Delaware Valley is part of a larger urbanized area known as the Northeast megalopolis Boswash.png
The Delaware Valley is part of a larger urbanized area known as the Northeast megalopolis

According to 2016 estimates from the United States Census Bureau, the Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington Metropolitan Statistical Area ranks as the seventh-largest MSA in the United States with 6,070,500 people. [7] According to the Bureau of Economic Analysis, the Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington MSA had a gross domestic product of $431 billion, the ninth-largest among U.S. metropolitan areas. [8] 2016 Census Bureau estimates rank the Philadelphia-Reading-Camden Combined Statistical Area as the ninth-largest CSA in the United States, with 7,179,357 people. [9]

The Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington Metropolitan Statistical Area's population of roughly 6 million people is comparable to that of countries such as Lebanon, Denmark, and Nicaragua. The MSA's nominal gross domestic product of $431 billion is comparable to countries such as Belgium, Iran, and Thailand. The MSA also ranks as the second most populous in the Northeastern United States after the New York metropolitan area, while the CSA is third-largest in the Northeast after the New York and Boston metropolitan areas. The Baltimore–Washington metropolitan area, which is part of Northeast Megalopolis but is considered part of the Southeastern United States under Census Bureau definitions, is also larger than the Philadelphia metropolitan area. Philadelphia itself is the sixth-most populous city in the United States and the third-most populous U.S. city east of the Mississippi River, after New York City and Chicago. Philadelphia's media market ranks fourth, behind New York City, Los Angeles, and Chicago, in Nielsen Media Market size rankings. [10]

Such educational institutions as Delaware Valley Regional High School in Alexandria Township and Delaware Valley College in Doylestown Township are named after the region. Likewise, Frenchtown's now defunct newspaper The Delaware Valley News was another example of the usage.

Subregions

Sixteen counties in four states constitute the Philadelphia-Reading-Camden Combined Statistical Area. The five Pennsylvania counties in the MSA are collectively known as Southeastern Pennsylvania, and the four suburban counties from this region are sometimes called the "collar counties." [11] Aside from Philadelphia, major municipalities in Southeastern Pennsylvania include the inner suburbs of Upper Darby Township and Bensalem Township. Berks County, which forms its own MSA and contains the CSA's second largest city, Reading, is generally not considered to be part of Southeastern Pennsylvania and is sometimes assigned to South Central Pennsylvania.

The seven New Jersey counties in the CSA form South Jersey, although Ocean County, which is part of the New York CSA, is also sometimes considered to be part of South Jersey. [12] Atlantic County, Cape May County, and Cumberland County each form their own respective metropolitan statistical areas. Atlantic City, Cape May County, and the southern Jersey Shore (including Margate City, Ventnor City, the Wildwoods, and Sea Isle City) are major tourist destinations for people from inside and outside of the Delaware Valley. Other major municipalities in South Jersey include Cherry Hill and Camden, which is across the Delaware River from Philadelphia.

The two counties of Delaware in the CSA constitute a majority of Delaware's land mass and population. Wilmington is the most populous city in Delaware and the fifth-most populous municipality in the Delaware Valley. The lone Maryland county in the Philadelphia-Reading-Camden Combined Statistical Area is part of the region known as the Eastern Shore of Maryland.

Although Mercer County in Central Jersey is often considered part of the Delaware Valley from a cultural perspective, it is classified as part of New York's CSA by the OMB. Mercer County and three counties in Pennsylvania's Lehigh Valley, Carbon County, Lehigh County and Northampton County, are part of the Philadelphia media market. Caroline County, Maryland is also part of the Philadelphia media market, and other counties within the Philadelphia media market include Monroe County, Pennsylvania, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, and Ocean County, New Jersey. [13]

List of counties

CountyStateSeat2010 Pop. [14] 2016 Pop. [14] Pop. ChangeArea [15] MSA [16] Map
Kent DE Dover 162,310174,8277.7%279.4 mi2 Dover MSA Map of Delaware highlighting Kent County.svg
New Castle DE Wilmington 538,479556,9873.4%426.3 mi2Philadelphia–Camden–Wilmington MSA Map of Delaware highlighting New Castle County.svg
Cecil MD Elkton 101,108102,6031.5%348.2 mi2Philadelphia–Camden–Wilmington MSA Map of Maryland highlighting Cecil County.svg
Atlantic NJ Mays Landing 274,549270,991-1.3%561.2 mi2 Atlantic City-Hammonton MSA Map of New Jersey highlighting Atlantic County.svg
Burlington NJ Mount Holly 448,734449,2840.1%804.8 mi2Philadelphia–Camden–Wilmington MSA Map of New Jersey highlighting Burlington County.svg
Camden NJ Camden 513,657510,150-0.7%222.3 mi2Philadelphia–Camden–Wilmington MSA Map of New Jersey highlighting Camden County.svg
Cape May NJ Cape May Court House 97,26594,430-2.9%255.2 mi2 Ocean City MSA Map of New Jersey highlighting Cape May County.svg
Cumberland NJ Bridgeton 156,898153,797-2%489.3 mi2 Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton MSA Map of New Jersey highlighting Cumberland County.svg
Gloucester NJ Woodbury 288,288292,3301.4%324.9 mi2Philadelphia–Camden–Wilmington MSA Map of New Jersey highlighting Gloucester County.svg
Salem NJ Salem 66,08363,436-4%337.8 mi2Philadelphia–Camden–Wilmington MSA Map of New Jersey highlighting Salem County.svg
Berks PA Reading 411,442414,8120.8%859.2 mi2 Reading MSA Map of Pennsylvania highlighting Berks County.svg
Bucks PA Doylestown 625,249626,3990.2%607.6 mi2Philadelphia–Camden–Wilmington MSA Map of Pennsylvania highlighting Bucks County.svg
Chester PA West Chester 498,886516,3123.5%756 mi2Philadelphia–Camden–Wilmington MSA Map of Pennsylvania highlighting Chester County.svg
Delaware PA Media 558,979563,4020.8%184.2 mi2Philadelphia–Camden–Wilmington MSA Map of Pennsylvania highlighting Delaware County.svg
Montgomery PA Norristown 799,874821,7252.7%487 mi2Philadelphia–Camden–Wilmington MSA Map of Pennsylvania highlighting Montgomery County.svg
Philadelphia PAPhiladelphia1,526,0061,576,8723.3%135.1 mi2Philadelphia–Camden–Wilmington MSA Map of Pennsylvania highlighting Philadelphia County.svg
Philadelphia–Camden–Wilmington MSA5,965,3436,079,5001.8%4928.2 mi2Philadelphia–Camden–Wilmington MSA-
Philadelphia–Reading–Camden CSA7,067,8077,179,3571.6%7372.5 mi2N/A-

List of largest municipalities

Ocean City, New Jersey Rising sun Ocean City NJ.jpg
Ocean City, New Jersey
Wilmington, Delaware Wilmington Delaware skyline.jpg
Wilmington, Delaware

These municipalities are all within the Philadelphia-Reading-Camden Combined Statistical Area.

CityPop. [17] CountyState
Philadelphia 1,567,872PhiladelphiaPA
Reading 87,575BerksPA
Upper Darby Township 82,765DelawarePA
Camden 74,420CamdenNJ
Wilmington 71,502New CastleDE
Cherry Hill 70,976CamdenNJ
Gloucester Township 64,049CamdenNJ
Vineland 60,876CumberlandNJ
Bensalem Township 60,354BucksPA
Lower Merion Township 58,220MontgomeryPA
Abington Township 55,640MontgomeryPA
Bristol Township 54,170BucksPA
Haverford Township 48,893DelawarePA
Washington Township 48,301GloucesterNJ
Evesham Township 45,578BurlingtonNJ
Middletown Township 45,318BucksPA
Egg Harbor Township 43,747AtlanticNJ
Mount Laurel 41,849BurlingtonNJ
Northampton Township 39,562BucksPA
Winslow Township 39,417CamdenNJ
Historical population (estimates)
YearPop.±%
1850 405,000-
1860 608,00050.12%
1870 747,00022.86%
1880 949,00027.04%
1890 1,180,00024.34%
1900 1,454,00010.44%
1910 1,746,0008.26%
1920 2,072,00018.67%
1930 2,264,0009.27%
1940 2,538,00012.10%
1950 3,297,00029.90%
1960 4,419,00034.09%
1970 5,323,00020.46%
1980 5,239,000-1.57%
1990 5,435,0003.74%
2000 5,687,0004.66%
2010 5,965,0004.89%
20176,029,3121.07%
Populations for the Philadelphia Metropolitan Area

Source: city-data.com

Statistical history

When metropolitan areas were originally defined in 1950, most of the area now in the Delaware Valley was split between four metropolitan areas, or "standard metropolitan areas," as they were called. The Philadelphia SMA comprised Philadelphia, Bucks, Chester, Delaware and Montgomery counties in Pennsylvania and Burlington, Camden and Gloucester counties in New Jersey. The Wilmington SMA comprised New Castle County in Delaware and Salem County in New Jersey, while Berks County was the Reading SMA and Atlantic County was the Atlantic City SMA.

In 1960, Cecil County was added to what was now the Wilmington Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. In 1980, Cumberland County was defined as the Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton SMSA.

In 1990, the Philadelphia, Wilmington and Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton SMSAs were merged with the Trenton SMSA as the Philadelphia-Wilmington-Trenton Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Area. At the same time, Cape May County was added to the Atlantic City SMSA. "Philadelphia-Wilmington-Trenton" became obsolete one census later, with Trenton moving to the New York-Newark-Bridgeport CSA, and the Philadelphia-Wilmington-Vineland CSA consisting only of the Philadelphia-Wilmington-Camden MSA and the Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton MSA. [18] Kent County became the Dover MSA in 2000, and it and Atlantic City were added to the Philadelphia CSA in 2010, for a total of six MSA components; as a result of new 2010 definitions based on a threshold of 15% labor interchange between MSAs, two more MSAs were added to the CSA, for a total of six. With Ocean City, NJ, and Reading, PA, the CSA is now known as Philadelphia-Reading-Camden. [19]

Characteristics

Grave of some of the 57 Irish victims of Duffy's Cut in West Laurel Hill Cemetery in Bala Cynwyd, Pennsylvania. Irish Americans make up the largest ethnicity in the Delaware Valley. Duffys Cut Cross West Laurel Hill.JPG
Grave of some of the 57 Irish victims of Duffy's Cut in West Laurel Hill Cemetery in Bala Cynwyd, Pennsylvania. Irish Americans make up the largest ethnicity in the Delaware Valley.
Philadelphia's Chinatown is home to many Chinese and Vietnamese restaurants. Friendship Gate Chinatown Philadelphia from east.jpg
Philadelphia's Chinatown is home to many Chinese and Vietnamese restaurants.
West Chester, Pennsylvania Westchester.jpg
West Chester, Pennsylvania

The Delaware Valley is home to extensive populations of Irish Americans, German Americans, English Americans, Ukrainian Americans, Italian Americans, Swedish-Americans (which have a museum located at FDR Park in South Philadelphia), Polish Americans, Scottish Americans, Ulster Scot or "Scotch-Irish" Americans, Welsh Americans, Jewish Americans, Greek Americans, African Americans, Chinese Americans, Indian Americans, Russian Americans, Korean Americans, Vietnamese Americans, Armenian Americans, Arab Americans, Turkish Americans, Pakistani Americans, Israeli Americans, various African immigrant groups, particularly from West African; various West Indian American groups, including Jamaican Americans; and Hispanic Americans. Within the Hispanic population, the vast majority are Puerto Ricans, though other significant groups include Dominican Americans and Mexican Americans, as well as significant populations from Central America. [21] There is even a small Native American community known as Lenapehoking for Lenni-Lenape Indians of West Philadelphia.

Philadelphia's suburbs contain a high concentration of malls, the two largest of which have at least 5,000,000 square feet (460,000 m2) of office space, and at least 600,000 square feet (56,000 m2) of retail. These are the King of Prussia mall in King of Prussia, Pennsylvania, which is the largest in the United States (leasable sq. feet of retail space), and the Cherry Hill Mall in Cherry Hill, New Jersey, which was the first enclosed mall on the East Coast. Malls, office complexes, strip shopping plazas, expressways, and tract housing are common sights, and more and more continue to replace rolling countryside, farms, woods, and wetlands. However, due to strong opposition by residents and political officials, many acres of land have been preserved throughout the Delaware Valley. Older townships and large boroughs such as Cheltenham, Norristown, Jenkintown, Upper Darby and West Chester retain distinct community identities while engulfed in suburbia. The fastest-growing counties[ when? ] are Chester, Montgomery, Bucks, and Gloucester. Upper Darby, in Delaware County is the largest township in the United States.[ citation needed ] Sometimes Reading is included in the Delaware Valley Metro Area. [ citation needed ]

Mid-Atlantic American English and its subset, Philadelphia English, are two common dialects of American English in Philadelphia and the Delaware Valley.

Climate

The Delaware Valley has four distinct seasons with ample precipitation and is divided by the 0 °C (32 °F) January isotherm. Most of Philadelphia and the New Jersey portion of the area, almost all of the Delaware and Maryland portions, the majority of Delaware County, Bucks County SE of U.S. Route 1, a very small area of lowland southern Chester County, and some lowland areas of Montgomery County very close to Philadelphia have a humid subtropical climate (Cfa.) The remainder of the Delaware Valley has a hot-summer humid continental climate (Dfa.) Snow amounts may vary widely year-to-year and normally do vary widely within the Delaware Valley. The region has only two ski areas: Bear Creek Ski and Recreation Area in eastern Berks County and Spring Mountain in central Montgomery County.

Using the -3 °C January isotherm as a boundary, all of the Delaware Valley is humid subtropical except for portions of Berks County and higher areas of northern Chester County. The warm-summer humid continental climate (Dfb) only exists in higher areas of Berks where all monthly temperatures average below 22 °C. The hardiness zone in the region ranges from 6a in higher areas of Berks to 7b.

Climate data for Philadelphia
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average sea temperature °F (°C)41.8
(5.5)
39.9
(4.4)
41.2
(5.1)
46.7
(8.2)
53.9
(12.2)
66.3
(19.0)
74.0
(23.3)
75.9
(24.4)
71.4
(21.9)
64.2
(17.9)
55.1
(12.8)
47.7
(8.8)
56.5
(13.6)
Mean daily daylight hours10.011.012.013.014.015.015.014.012.011.010.09.012.2
Source: Weather Atlas [27]

Colonial history

The valley was the territory of the Susquehannock and Lenape, who are recalled in place names throughout the region. The region became part of the Dutch colony of New Netherland after the exploration of Delaware Bay in 1609. The Dutch called the Delaware River the Zuyd Rivier, or South River, and considered the lands along it banks and those of its bay to be the southern flank of its province of New Netherland. In 1638, it began to be settled by Swedes, Forest Finns, Dutch, and Walloons and became the colony of New Sweden, though this was not officially recognized by the Dutch Empire which re-asserted control in 1655. The area was taken by the English in 1664. [37] The name Delaware comes from Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr, who had arrived at Jamestown, Virginia in 1610, just as original settlers were about to abandon it, and thus maintaining the English foothold on the North American continent. In the early 1700s, Huguenot refugees from France by way of Germany and then England began settling in the Delaware River Valley. Specifically, they left their mark in Hunterdon County, New Jersey (Frenchtown) and Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. [38]

Transportation

Many residents commute to jobs in Philadelphia, Camden, and Wilmington with the help of expressways and trains. Commutes from one suburb to another are also common, as office parks have sprung up in new commercial centers such as King of Prussia, Fort Washington, Cherry Hill, and Plymouth Meeting.

Rail

Commuter rail

Formerly, the region was served by the Delaware Valley Railway.

The grand concourse at Philadelphia's 30th Street Station, which accommodates SEPTA Regional Rail and Amtrak service. Thirty St Station.jpg
The grand concourse at Philadelphia's 30th Street Station, which accommodates SEPTA Regional Rail and Amtrak service.

Intercity rail

Bus service

Major highways

Traffic heading into Philadelphia on Interstate 95 (the Delaware Expressway) during the morning rush hour; I-95 traverses the southern and eastern edges of the city along the Delaware River as the region's busiest north-south controlled-access highway, connecting the Delaware Valley with Newark, New Jersey and New York City to the north, and with Baltimore and Washington, D.C. southward. I-95 SB approaching Girard Avenue-Lehigh Avenue.JPG
Traffic heading into Philadelphia on Interstate 95 (the Delaware Expressway) during the morning rush hour; I-95 traverses the southern and eastern edges of the city along the Delaware River as the region's busiest north-south controlled-access highway, connecting the Delaware Valley with Newark, New Jersey and New York City to the north, and with Baltimore and Washington, D.C. southward.

Pennsylvania

New Jersey

Delaware

Maryland

Delaware River Bridges

Ben Franklin Bridge 2012 Ben Franklin Bridge and Race Street Pier.jpg
Ben Franklin Bridge
Philadelphia International Airport Philadelphia International Airport.jpg
Philadelphia International Airport

Airports

Major:

Secondary:

Ferry

The Cape May–Lewes Ferry crosses the mouth of the Delaware Bay between Cape May County, NJ and Sussex County, DE. U.S. Route 9 uses this ferry.

Colleges and universities

Parrish Hall.jpg
Entrance to Logan Hall.jpg
Parrish Hall at Swarthmore College and Cohen Hall, previously named Logan Hall, former home of the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania; The Wharton School is consistently ranked as the best business school in the world [40]

Delaware

New Jersey

Pennsylvania

Culture

Sports teams

Citizens Bank Park, home of the Philadelphia Phillies Fieldatthepark.jpg
Citizens Bank Park, home of the Philadelphia Phillies

Listing of the professional sports teams in the Delaware Valley

Media

The two main newspapers are The Philadelphia Inquirer and the Philadelphia Daily News, owned by the Philadelphia Media Network. Local television channels include KYW-TV 3 (CBS), WPVI 6 (ABC), WCAU 10 (NBC), WHYY-TV 12 (PBS), WPHL-TV 17 (MyNetworkTV), WTXF 29 (FOX), WPSG 57 (CW), and WPPX 61 (Ion). Radio stations serving the area include: WRTI, WIOQ, WDAS (AM), and WTEL.

Area codes

Politics

Philadelphia itself is heavily Democratic, having voted for the Democratic candidate in every presidential election since 1936. The surrounding suburban counties are key political areas in Pennsylvania, which itself is an important swing state in federal politics. [41] South Jersey has consistently voted Democratic at the presidential level in recent years, although the region is slightly more Republican-leaning than North Jersey and has voted for Republicans at the state and local level. [42] New Castle County's Democratic lean and large share of Delaware's population has tended to make Delaware as a whole vote for Democrats, while the less populous Kent County is more competitive. [43] Recent well-known political figures from the Greater Philadelphia area include former Vice President Joe Biden and former Pennsylvania Governor Ed Rendell.

Congressional districts

The following congressional districts of the United States House of Representatives are located partly or entirely in the Delaware Valley CSA. Italicized counties are not part of the CSA.

DistrictIncumbent
District PVI IncumbentPartyCounties
DE-AL D+6 Lisa Blunt Rochester DKent, New Castle, and Sussex
MD-1 R+14 Andy Harris RBaltimore, Caroline, Carroll, Cecil, Dorchester, Harford, Kent, Queen Anne's, Somerset, Talbot, Wicomico, and Worcester
NJ-1 D+13 Donald Norcross DBurlington, Camden, and Gloucester
NJ-2 R+1 Jeff Van Drew RAtlantic, Burlington, Camden, Cape May, Cumberland, Gloucester, Ocean, and Salem
NJ-3 R+2 Andy Kim DBurlington and Ocean
PA-1 R+1 Brian Fitzpatrick RBucks and Montgomery
PA-2 D+25 Brendan Boyle DPhiladelphia
PA-3 D+41 Dwight Evans DPhiladelphia
PA-4 D+7 Madeleine Dean DBerks and Montgomery
PA-5 D+13 Mary Gay Scanlon DDelaware, Montgomery, and Philadelphia
PA-6 D+2 Chrissy Houlahan DBerks and Chester
PA-9 R+14 Dan Meuser RBerks, Carbon, Columbia, Lebanon, Luzerne, Montour, Northumberland, and Schuylkill

Additionally, the Delaware Valley is represented in the United States Senate by the eight Senators from Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania.

Lexicon note

Some believe that the term "Delaware Valley" is not entirely a synonym for "Greater Philadelphia". "Greater Philadelphia" implies that the region is centered on the city in an economic and cultural context, while "Delaware Valley" is a more generic geographic term that does not imply that any part is of more consequence than any other. Several organizations, such as KYW Radio and the Greater Philadelphia Tourism Marketing Corporation, consciously use the term "Greater Philadelphia" to assert that Philadelphia is the center of the region, referring to the less urbanized areas as "Philadelphia's countryside". [44] Others note that the customary media usage of the term omits the majority of the length of the Delaware River's valley that is not in metropolitan Philadelphia.

WPVI-TV uses the slogan, "Delaware Valley's leading news program" for their Action News broadcast, since that program has led the ratings for news programs in the Philadelphia market for over 30 years.

See also

Notes

  1. May also be defined as part of the NYC Metropolitan Area
  2. Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the highest and lowest temperature readings during an entire month or year) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010.
  3. Official temperature and precipitation measurements for Philadelphia were taken at the Weather Bureau Office in downtown from January 1872 to 19 June 1940, and at Philadelphia Int'l from 20 June 1940 to the present. [22] Snowfall and snow depth records date to 1 January 1884 and 1 October 1948, respectively. [23] In 2006, snowfall measurements were moved to National Park, New Jersey directly across the Delaware River from the airport. [24]
  4. Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the highest and lowest temperature readings during an entire month or year) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010.
  5. The official climatology station for Atlantic City was at the Weather Bureau Office downtown from January 1874 to 15 June 1958 and Atlantic City Int'l (ACY) in Egg Harbor Township since 16 June 1958. [28] ACY's location in the Pine Barrens and distance away from the coast and urban heat island of downtown Atlantic City largely account for its markedly colder temperatures at night as compared to downtown; for example, from 1959 to 2013, there were 50 days with a low of 0 °F (−18 °C) or lower, while in the same period, the corresponding number of days at downtown was 2. The National Weather Service ceased regular snowfall observations at downtown after the winter of 1958–59.

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Camden County, New Jersey County in New Jersey

Camden County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Jersey. Its county seat is Camden. As of the 2019 Census estimate, the county's population was 506,471, making it the state's 8th-largest county, representing a 1.4% decrease from the 513,657 enumerated at the 2010 Census, in turn having increased by 4,725 from the 508,932 counted in the 2000 Census. The most populous place was Camden, with 77,344 residents at the time of the 2010 Census, while Winslow Township covered 58.19 square miles (150.7 km2), the largest total area of any municipality.

Route 42 is a state highway in the U.S. state of New Jersey within the Camden area. It runs 14.28 mi (22.98 km) from an intersection with U.S. Route 322 and County Route 536 Spur in Monroe Township, Gloucester County to an intersection with Interstate 76 and Interstate 295 in Bellmawr, Camden County. The route is a mix of freeway and divided four-lane arterial road. The southern portion of Route 42 is a local arterial route and one of several highways comprising the Black Horse Pike, a road that runs from Camden to Atlantic City. The northern portion is a six- to eight-lane freeway referred to locally as the North–South Freeway that is directly connected to the Atlantic City Expressway. Major intersections along the route include the Atlantic City Expressway and the southern terminus of Route 168 in Turnersville, another intersection with Route 168 in Blackwood, and Route 41 and Route 55 in Deptford Township.

SEPTA organization operating a transportation system in and around Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

The Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority (SEPTA) is a regional public transportation authority that operates bus, rapid transit, commuter rail, light rail, and electric trolleybus services for nearly 4 million people in five counties in and around Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It also manages projects that maintain, replace and expand its infrastructure, facilities and vehicles.

New York metropolitan area Megacity in the United States

The New York metropolitan area is the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass, at 3,450.2 sq mi (8,936 km2). The metropolitan area includes New York City, Long Island, and the Mid and Lower Hudson Valley in the state of New York; the five largest cities in New Jersey: Newark, Jersey City, Paterson, Elizabeth, and Edison, and their vicinities; and six of the seven largest cities in Connecticut: Bridgeport, New Haven, Stamford, Waterbury, Norwalk, and Danbury, and their vicinities. The New York metropolitan area is part of the larger Northeast Megalopolis.

South Jersey southern half of New Jersey

South Jersey comprises the southern portion of the U.S. state of New Jersey, between the lower Delaware River and the Atlantic Ocean. The designation of southern New Jersey with a distinct toponym is a colloquial one rather than an administrative one, reflecting not only geographical but also perceived cultural differences from the northern part of the state, with no official definition. Though definitions of South Jersey may vary, most of South Jersey is generally considered to be part of the Philadelphia Metropolitan Area.

Index of New Jersey-related articles Wikipedia index

The following is an alphabetical list of articles related to the U.S. state of New Jersey.

Index of Pennsylvania-related articles Wikipedia index

The following is an alphabetical list of articles related to the United States Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.

Central Jersey Place in New Jersey, United States

Central Jersey is the central region of the U.S. state of New Jersey. The designation of Central New Jersey with a distinct toponym is a colloquial one rather than an administrative one, with no official definition and with a sometimes contentious taxonomic existence. In December 2019, Governor of New Jersey Phil Murphy tweeted that the region exists.

Lehigh Valley Place in the United States

The Lehigh Valley, known officially by the United States Census Bureau and the United States Office of Management and Budget as the Allentown–Bethlehem–Easton, PA-NJ Metropolitan Statistical Area and referred to colloquially as The Valley, is a metropolitan region officially consisting of Carbon, Lehigh and Northampton Counties in eastern Pennsylvania and Warren County in northwestern New Jersey. The Lehigh Valley's largest city, with a population of 120,443 residents as of the 2010 U.S. Census, is Allentown. All of the region is part of Philadelphia's designated media market.

Interstate 295 (I-295) in Delaware, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania is an auxiliary Interstate Highway, designated as a bypass around Philadelphia and a partial beltway of Trenton, New Jersey. The route begins at a junction with I-95 south of Wilmington, Delaware, and runs to an interchange with I-95 in Bristol Township, Pennsylvania. The highway heads east from I-95 and crosses the Delaware River into New Jersey on the Delaware Memorial Bridge concurrent with U.S. Route 40 (US 40). Upon entering New Jersey, I-295 splits from the New Jersey Turnpike and US 40, and runs parallel to the turnpike for most of its course in the state. After a concurrency with US 130 in Gloucester County, I-295 has an interchange with I-76 and Route 42 in Camden County. The freeway continues northeast toward Trenton, where it intersects I-195 and Route 29 before bypassing the city to the east, north, and west, crossing the Delaware River on the Scudder Falls Bridge into Pennsylvania. In Pennsylvania, I-295 is signed as an east–west road and heads south to its other terminus at I-95.

Metropolitan Statistical Areas of New Jersey Census subdivisions of New Jersey

New Jersey has seven Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs) defined by the federal Office of Management and Budget. The New York City and Philadelphia MSAs are also divided into divisions, of which there are five in New Jersey. Every statistical area and county in New Jersey belong to the Northeast Megalopolis.

U.S. Route 30 is a U.S. highway running from Astoria, Oregon east to Atlantic City, New Jersey. In the U.S. state of New Jersey, US 30 runs 58.26 miles (93.76 km) from the Benjamin Franklin Bridge at the Delaware River in Camden, Camden County while concurrent with Interstate 676 (I-676) southeast to Virginia Avenue in Atlantic City, Atlantic County. Most of the route in New Jersey is known as the White Horse Pike and is four lanes wide. The road runs through mostly developed areas in Camden County, with surroundings becoming more rural as the road approaches Atlantic County. US 30 runs through several towns including Collingswood, Berlin, Hammonton, Egg Harbor City, and Absecon.

Costa Rican Americans are Americans of at least partial Costa Rican descent.

The Salisbury, MD-DE Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the United States Census Bureau is a metropolitan area centered on the city of Salisbury, Maryland and consists of four counties: Somerset, Wicomico, and Worcester in Maryland and Sussex in Delaware. The MSA had a total population of 373,802 as of the 2010 census and an estimated population of 405,803 for 2017. The United States Census Bureau also defines the Salisbury-Cambridge, MD-DE Combined Statistical Area which combines the Salisbury metropolitan area with the Cambridge, Maryland Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Index of Delaware-related articles Wikipedia list article

The following is an alphabetical list of articles related to the U.S. state of Delaware.

Port of Camden port in New Jersey, USA

The Port of Camden is situated on east bank of the Delaware River in Camden and Gloucester City in southern New Jersey in the United States. It is one of several ports in the Delaware Valley metro area port complex and is located near the mouth of Newtown Creek opposite the Port of Philadelphia. The port is one the nation's largest for wood products, steel, cocoa and perishable fruit.

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Further reading

Wikivoyage-Logo-v3-icon.svg Delaware Valley travel guide from Wikivoyage Commons-logo.svg Media related to Delaware Valley at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 39°52′37″N75°19′23″W / 39.877°N 75.323°W / 39.877; -75.323