Athenaeum of Philadelphia

Last updated
Athenaeum of Philadelphia
The Athenaeum.jpg
The Athenaeum of Philadelphia in 2013
Athenaeum of Philadelphia
Location219 S. 6th St.
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Coordinates 39°56′49″N75°09′03″W / 39.946871°N 75.150956°W / 39.946871; -75.150956 Coordinates: 39°56′49″N75°09′03″W / 39.946871°N 75.150956°W / 39.946871; -75.150956
Architect John Notman
Public transit accessAiga bus trans.svg SEPTA.svg SEPTA bus: 9, 21, 42
Street map of Philadelphia and surrounding area.png
Red pog.svg
USA Pennsylvania location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Usa edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Built1845
Architectural style Italianate
NRHP reference No. 72001144
Significant dates
Added to NRHPFebruary 1, 1972 [1]
Designated NHLDecember 8, 1976 [2]
Staircase in the Athenaeum AthenaeumPhilly.jpg
Staircase in the Athenaeum

The Athenaeum of Philadelphia, located at 219 S. 6th Street between St. James Place and Locust Street in the Society Hill neighborhood of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, is a special collections library and museum founded in 1814 to collect materials "connected with the history and antiquities of America, and the useful arts, and generally to disseminate useful knowledge" for public benefit. [3] The Athenaeum's collections include architecture and interior design history, particularly for the period 1800 to 1945. The institution focuses on the history of American architecture and building technology, and houses architectural archives of 180,000 drawings, over 350,000 photographs, and manuscript holdings of about 1,000 American architects. [3]

Contents

Since 1950 the Athenaeum has sponsored the annual Athenaeum Literary Award for works of fiction and non-fiction.

Historic building

The building was designed in 1845 by architect John Notman in the Italianate style, and was one of the first buildings in the city to be built of brownstone, [3] although it was originally planned to be faced in marble – brownstone was used because it was cheaper. [4] Notman's design was influenced by the work of the English architect Charles Barry. [4]

The building was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1976, as one of the nation's first examples of a building with a palazzo-style facade, and for its historic importance as an educational institution. [2] [5] Today, it is operated as a museum furnished with American fine and decorative arts from the first half of the nineteenth century.

On the right of the athenaeum is the house of Richardson Dilworth, the Mayor of Philadelphia from 1956 to 1962.

Athenaeum Literary Award

The Athenaeum Literary Award is a literary award presented by Athenaeum of Philadelphia since 1950. It is awarded to authors who are "bona fide residents of Philadelphia or Pennsylvania living within a radius of 30 miles of City Hall". [6] Eligible works are of general fiction or non-fiction; technical, scientific, and juvenile books are not included. [6] The award was established in 1950 by Charles Wharton Stork (1881–1971), who was a board member of the Athenaeum from 1919 until 1968. [6]

Recipients

Source: Athenaeum Literary Award previous winners (1949–present) [7]

See also

Related Research Articles

Edward Durell Stone American architect

Edward Durell Stone was an American architect known for the formal, highly decorative buildings he designed in the 1950s and 1960s. His works include the Museum of Modern Art, in New York City, the United States Embassy in New Delhi, India, The Keller Center at the University of Chicago, and the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts in Washington, D.C.

Ralph Adams Cram American architect

Ralph Adams Cram was a prolific and influential American architect of collegiate and ecclesiastical buildings, often in the Gothic Revival style. Cram & Ferguson and Cram, Goodhue & Ferguson are partnerships in which he worked. Together with the architect Richard Upjohn and artist John LaFarge, he is honored on December 16 as a feast day in the Episcopal Church of the United States. Cram was a fellow of the American Institute of Architects.

American Philosophical Society American scholarly organization and learned society

The American Philosophical Society (APS), founded in 1743 in Philadelphia, is a scholarly organization that promotes knowledge in the sciences and humanities through research, professional meetings, publications, library resources, and community outreach. Considered the first learned society in the United States, it has played an important role in American cultural and intellectual life for over 270 years.

National Constitution Center History museum in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

The National Constitution Center is a nonprofit institution devoted to the Constitution of the United States. On Independence Mall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the center is an interactive museum and a national town hall for constitutional dialogue, hosting government leaders, journalists, scholars, and celebrities for public discussions. The center offers civic learning resources onsite and online. It does not house the original Constitution, which is stored at the National Archives Building in Washington, D.C.

The year 2007 in architecture involved some significant architectural events and new buildings.

Witold Rybczynski is a Canadian American architect, professor and writer. He is currently the Martin and Margy Meyerson Professor Emeritus of Urbanism at the University of Pennsylvania.

Robert A. M. Stern American architect

Robert Arthur Morton Stern, usually credited as Robert A. M. Stern, is a New York based architect, educator, and author. He is the founding partner of the architecture firm, Robert A.M. Stern Architects, also known as RAMSA. From 1998 to 2016, he was the Dean of the Yale School of Architecture.

Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts Museum and art school in Philadelphia

The Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts (PAFA) is a museum and art school in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It was founded in 1805 and is the first and oldest art museum and art school in the United States. The academy's museum is internationally known for its collections of 19th- and 20th-century American paintings, sculptures, and works on paper. Its archives house important materials for the study of American art history, museums, and art training. Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts won the 2020 Webby Award for School / University in the category Web.

Paul Philippe Cret French-American architect and industrial designer

Paul Philippe Cret was a French-born Philadelphia architect and industrial designer. For more than thirty years, he taught a design studio in the Department of Architecture at the University of Pennsylvania.

Roger W. Moss is an historian, educator, administrator and author in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Throughout a long career he has also been an aggressive and entrepreneurial advocate for the preservation and authentic restoration of historic buildings. For forty years Moss directed the Athenaeum of Philadelphia, a special collections library near Independence Hall, and for 25 of those years he also taught in the Graduate Program in Historic Preservation at the University of Pennsylvania.

New Jersey State House State capitol building of the U.S. state of New Jersey

The New Jersey State House is located in Trenton and is the capitol building for the U.S. state of New Jersey. Built in 1792, it is the third-oldest state house in continuous legislative use in the United States; only the Maryland State Capitol in Annapolis and the Virginia State Capitol in Richmond are older. The building houses both chambers of the Legislature, as well as offices for the Governor, Lieutenant Governor and several state government departments. The building is the closest capitol building to a state border of any state capitol: the south front of the building overlooks the Delaware River with a view to neighboring Morrisville, Pennsylvania, and a bridge to Pennsylvania is within walking distance a few blocks away. The building also sits nearly exactly on a straight line between Center City, Philadelphia and Downtown Manhattan.

Laurie Olin American landscape architect (born 1938)

Laurie Olin is an American landscape architect. He has worked on landscape design projects at diverse scales, from private residential gardens to public parks and corporate/museum campus plans.

Cathedral Basilica of Saints Peter and Paul (Philadelphia) United States historic place

The Cathedral Basilica of Saints Peter and Paul, head church of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Philadelphia, is located at 18th Street and the Benjamin Franklin Parkway, on the east side of Logan Square in Philadelphia. It was built between 1846 and 1864, and was designed by Napoleon LeBrun, from original plans by the Reverend Mariano Muller and the Reverend John B. Tornatore, with the dome and Palladian facade, designed by John Notman, added after 1850. The interior was largely decorated by Constantino Brumidi.

John Notman

John Notman was a Scottish-born American architect, who settled in Philadelphia. He is remembered for his churches, and for popularizing the Italianate style and the use of brownstone.

Julian Abele African American architect

Julian Francis Abele was a prominent African-American architect, and chief designer in the offices of Horace Trumbauer. He contributed to the design of more than 400 buildings, including the Widener Memorial Library at Harvard University (1912–15), Philadelphia's Central Library (1917–27), and the Philadelphia Museum of Art (1914–28). He was the primary designer of the west campus of Duke University (1924–54).

Brad Cloepfil

Brad Cloepfil is an American architect, educator and principal of Allied Works Architecture of Portland, Oregon and New York City. His first major project was an adaptive reuse of a Portland warehouse for the advertising agency Wieden+Kennedy. Since 2000, Cloepfil and Allied Works have completed cultural, commercial and residential projects including the Contemporary Art Museum St. Louis, the University of Michigan Museum of Art, the Dutchess County Residence Guest House and the Museum of Arts and Design. Recent and notable works include the Clyfford Still Museum in Denver, Colorado, completed in November 2011, and the National Music Centre of Canada in Calgary, Alberta, which opened in July 2016.

Redwood Library and Athenaeum Subscription library in Newport, Rhode Island, United States

The Redwood Library and Athenaeum is a subscription library, museum, rare book repository and research center founded in 1747, and located at 50 Bellevue Avenue in Newport, Rhode Island. The building, designed by Peter Harrison and completed in March 1750, was the first purposely built library in the United States, and the oldest neo-Classical building in the country. It has been in continuous use since its opening.

The year 1810 in architecture involved some significant architectural events and new buildings.

Robert A.M. Stern Architects (RAMSA) is an architecture firm based in New York City. First established by Robert A. M. Stern in 1969, it is now organized as a limited liability partnership with 16 general partners. The firm's portfolio includes a variety of building types as well as planning, landscape design, interior design, and product design, throughout the U.S. and internationally.

The Spangler Center is a building on the boston campus of Harvard Business School one of the 14 schools within Harvard University, whereas Harvard University is in Cambridge, MA. Harvard Business School is in Allston, Massachusetts neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts, U.S., across the street from the Harvard School of Engineering, opening in 2020.

References

Notes

  1. "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places . National Park Service. January 23, 2007.
  2. 1 2 "Athenaeum". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-02-16.
  3. 1 2 3 "Mission and History" Archived 2013-01-07 at the Wayback Machine on the Athenaeum of Philadelphia website
  4. 1 2 Gallery, John Andrew, ed. (2004), Philadelphia Architecture: A Guide to the City (2nd ed.), Philadelphia: Foundation for Architecture, ISBN   0962290815 , p.51
  5. Carolyn Pitts (July 29, 1976). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: the Athenaeum of Philadelphia" (pdf). National Park Service.Cite journal requires |journal= (help) and Accompanying 6 photos, exterior and interior, from 1951, 1971, and undated  (32 KB)
  6. 1 2 3 Athenaeum Literary Award Archived 2011-05-22 at the Wayback Machine , official website.
  7. "Athenaeum Literary Award previous winners (1949-present)". Athenaeum of Philadelphia. Archived from the original on May 22, 2011. Retrieved December 25, 2017.