|United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit|
|Location||James A. Byrne U.S. Courthouse|
|Established||June 16, 1891|
|Circuit Justice||Samuel Alito|
|Chief Judge||D. Brooks Smith|
The United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit (in case citations, 3d Cir.) is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the district courts for the following districts:
This circuit also hears appeals from the District Court of the Virgin Islands, which is an Article VI territorial court and not a district court under Article III of the Constitution.
The court is composed of 14 active judges and is based at the James A. Byrne United States Courthouse in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The court also conducts sittings in other venues, including the United States Virgin Islands.It is one of 13 United States courts of appeals. Due to the court's appellate jurisdiction over Delaware (where more than half of publicly traded companies in the United States incorporate), the court handles a significant number of influential commercial cases in the United States.
As of February 1,2021 [update] :
|#||Title||Judge||Duty station||Born||Term of service||Appointed by|
|56||Chief Judge||D. Brooks Smith||Duncansville, PA||1951||2002–present||2016–present||—||G.W. Bush|
|50||Circuit Judge||Theodore McKee||Philadelphia, PA||1947||1994–present||2010–2016||—||Clinton|
|54||Circuit Judge||Thomas L. Ambro||Wilmington, DE||1949||2000–present||—||—||Clinton|
|60||Circuit Judge||Michael Chagares||Newark, NJ||1962||2006–present||—||—||G.W. Bush|
|61||Circuit Judge||Kent A. Jordan||Wilmington, DE||1957||2006–present||—||—||G.W. Bush|
|62||Circuit Judge||Thomas Hardiman||Pittsburgh, PA||1965||2007–present||—||—||G.W. Bush|
|63||Circuit Judge||Joseph A. Greenaway Jr.||Newark, NJ||1957||2010–present||—||—||Obama|
|65||Circuit Judge||Patty Shwartz||Newark, NJ||1961||2013–present||—||—||Obama|
|66||Circuit Judge||Cheryl Ann Krause||Philadelphia, PA||1968||2014–present||—||—||Obama|
|67||Circuit Judge||Luis Felipe Restrepo||Philadelphia, PA||1959||2016–present||—||—||Obama|
|68||Circuit Judge||Stephanos Bibas||Philadelphia, PA||1969||2017–present||—||—||Trump|
|69||Circuit Judge||David J. Porter||Pittsburgh, PA||1966||2018–present||—||—||Trump|
|70||Circuit Judge||Paul Matey||Newark, NJ||1971||2019–present||—||—||Trump|
|71||Circuit Judge||Peter J. Phipps||Pittsburgh, PA||1973||2019–present||—||—||Trump|
|38||Senior Circuit Judge||Dolores Sloviter||inactive||1932||1979–2013||1991–1998||2013–present||Carter|
|41||Senior Circuit Judge||Walter King Stapleton||Wilmington, DE||1934||1985–1999||—||1999–present||Reagan|
|44||Senior Circuit Judge||Anthony Joseph Scirica||Philadelphia, PA||1940||1987–2013||2003–2010||2013–present||Reagan|
|45||Senior Circuit Judge||Robert Cowen||Trenton, NJ||1930||1987–1998||—||1998–present||Reagan|
|46||Senior Circuit Judge||Richard Lowell Nygaard||Erie, PA||1940||1988–2005||—||2005–present||Reagan|
|48||Senior Circuit Judge||Jane Richards Roth||Wilmington, DE||1935||1991–2006||—||2006–present||G.H.W. Bush|
|52||Senior Circuit Judge||Marjorie Rendell||Philadelphia, PA||1947||1997–2015||—||2015–present||Clinton|
|55||Senior Circuit Judge||Julio M. Fuentes||Newark, NJ||1946||2000–2016||—||2016–present||Clinton|
|58||Senior Circuit Judge||D. Michael Fisher||Pittsburgh, PA||1944||2003–2017||—||2017–present||G.W. Bush|
|Seat||Prior Judge's Duty Station||Seat last held by||Vacancy reason||Date of vacancy||Nominee||Date of nomination|
|8||Philadelphia||Theodore McKee||Senior status||TBD||–||–|
|#||Judge||State||Born–died||Active service||Chief Judge||Senior status||Appointed by||Reason for|
|1||Marcus Wilson Acheson||PA||1828–1906||1891–1906||—||—||B. Harrison||death|
|2||George M. Dallas||PA||1839–1917||1892–1909||—||—||B. Harrison||retirement|
|4||Joseph Buffington||PA||1855–1947||1906–1938||—||1938–1947||T. Roosevelt||death|
|5||William M. Lanning||NJ||1849–1912||1909–1912||—||—||Taft||death|
|—||Robert Wodrow Archbald||PA||1848–1926||1911–1913||—||—||impeachment and conviction|
|6||John Bayard McPherson||PA||1846–1919||1912–1919||—||—||Taft||death|
|7||Victor Baynard Woolley||DE||1867–1945||1914–1938||—||1938–1945||Wilson||death|
|8||Thomas Griffith Haight||NJ||1879–1942||1919–1920||—||—||Wilson||resignation|
|9||John Warren Davis||NJ||1867–1945||1920–1939||—||1939–1941||Wilson||resignation|
|10||Joseph Whitaker Thompson||PA||1861–1946||1931–1938||—||1938–1946||Hoover||death|
|11||John Biggs Jr.||DE||1895–1979||1937–1965||1948–1965||1965–1979||F. Roosevelt||death|
|12||Albert Branson Maris||PA||1893–1989||1938–1958||—||1958–1989||F. Roosevelt||death|
|13||William Clark||NJ||1891–1957||1938–1943||—||—||F. Roosevelt||resignation|
|14||Francis Biddle||PA||1886–1968||1939–1940||—||—||F. Roosevelt||resignation|
|15||Charles Alvin Jones||PA||1887–1966||1939–1944||—||—||F. Roosevelt||resignation|
|16||Herbert Funk Goodrich||PA||1889–1962||1940–1962||—||—||F. Roosevelt||death|
|17||Gerald McLaughlin||NJ||1893–1977||1943–1968||—||1968–1977||F. Roosevelt||death|
|18||John Joseph O'Connell||PA||1894–1949||1945–1949||—||—||Truman||death|
|19||Harry Ellis Kalodner||PA||1896–1977||1946–1969||1965–1966||1969–1977||Truman||death|
|20||William H. Hastie||VI||1904–1976||1949–1971||1968–1971||1971–1976||Truman||death|
|21||Austin Leander Staley||PA||1902–1978||1950–1967||1966–1967||1967–1978||Truman||death|
|23||James Cullen Ganey||PA||1899–1972||1961–1966||—||1966–1972||Kennedy||death|
|24||William Francis Smith||NJ||1903–1968||1961–1968||—||—||Kennedy||death|
|25||Abraham Lincoln Freedman||PA||1904–1971||1964–1971||—||—||L. Johnson||death|
|26||Collins J. Seitz||DE||1914–1998||1966–1989||1971–1984||1989–1998||L. Johnson||death|
|27||Francis Lund Van Dusen||PA||1912–1993||1967–1977||—||1977–1993||L. Johnson||death|
|28||Ruggero J. Aldisert||PA||1919–2014||1968–1986||1984–1986||1986–2014||L. Johnson||death|
|29||David Henry Stahl||PA||1920–1970||1968–1970||—||—||L. Johnson||death|
|30||Arlin M. Adams||PA||1921–2015||1969–1987||—||—||Nixon||retirement|
|31||John Joseph Gibbons||NJ||1924–2018||1969–1990||1987–1990||—||Nixon||retirement|
|34||James Hunter III||NJ||1916–1989||1971–1986||—||1986–1989||Nixon||death|
|35||Joseph F. Weis Jr.||PA||1923–2014||1973–1988||—||1988–2014||Nixon||death|
|36||Leonard I. Garth||NJ||1921–2016||1973–1986||—||1986–2016||Nixon||death|
|37||A. Leon Higginbotham Jr.||PA||1928–1998||1977–1991||1990–1991||1991–1993||Carter||retirement|
|39||Edward Roy Becker||PA||1933–2006||1981–2003||1998–2003||2003–2006||Reagan||death|
|40||Carol Los Mansmann||PA||1942–2002||1985–2002||—||—||Reagan||death|
|42||Morton Ira Greenberg||NJ||1933–2021||1987–2000||—||2000–2021||Reagan||death|
|43||William D. Hutchinson||PA||1932–1995||1987–1995||—||—||Reagan||death|
|47||Samuel Alito||NJ||1950–present||1990–2006||—||—||G.H.W. Bush||elevation to Supreme Court|
|49||Timothy K. Lewis||PA||1954–present||1992–1999||—||—||G.H.W. Bush||resignation|
|51||H. Lee Sarokin||NJ||1928–present||1994–1996||—||—||Clinton||retirement|
|53||Maryanne Trump Barry||NJ||1937–present||1999–2011||—||2011–2019||Clinton||retirement|
|57||Michael Chertoff||NJ||1953–present||2003–2005||—||—||G.W. Bush||resignation|
|59||Franklin Van Antwerpen||PA||1941–2016||2004–2006||—||2006–2016||G.W. Bush||death|
|64||Thomas I. Vanaskie||PA||1953–present||2010–2018||—||2018–2019||Obama||retirement|
Chief judges have administrative responsibilities with respect to their circuits, and preside over any panel on which they serve unless the circuit justice (i.e., the Supreme Court justice responsible for the circuit) is also on the panel. Unlike the Supreme Court, where one justice is specifically nominated to be chief, the office of chief judge rotates among the circuit judges. To be chief, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as chief judge. A vacancy is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The chief judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position.
When the office was created in 1948, the chief judge was the longest-serving judge who had not elected to retire on what has since 1958 been known as senior status or declined to serve as chief judge. After August 6, 1959, judges could not become or remain chief after turning 70 years old. The current rules have been in operation since October 1, 1982.
The court has fourteen seats for active judges, numbered in the order in which they were initially filled. Judges who assume senior status enter a kind of retirement in which they remain on the bench, while vacating their seats, thus allowing the president to appoint new judges to fill their seats.
The United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit is a federal court of appeals that has appellate jurisdiction over the district courts in the following districts:
The United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit is a United States federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the following United States district courts:
The United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the district courts in the following districts:
The United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit is one of the thirteen United States Courts of Appeals. Its territory comprises the states of Connecticut, New York, and Vermont. The court has appellate jurisdiction over the district courts in the following districts:
The United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit is a federal court located in Richmond, Virginia, with appellate jurisdiction over the district courts in the following districts:
The United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the district courts in the following federal judicial districts:
The United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the district courts in the following districts:
The United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit is the U.S. federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the courts in the following districts:
The United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the district courts in the following districts:
The United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the district courts in the following districts:
The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit is one of the thirteen United States Courts of Appeals. It has the smallest geographical jurisdiction of any of the U.S. federal appellate courts, and covers only one district court: the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia. It meets at the E. Barrett Prettyman United States Courthouse, near Judiciary Square, Washington, D.C.
The United States District Court for the Northern District of Oklahoma is a federal court in the Tenth Circuit.
The United States District Court for the District of Delaware is the Federal district court having jurisdiction over the entire state of Delaware. The Court sits in Wilmington. Currently, four district judges and five magistrate judges preside over the court.
The United States District Court for the District of Oregon is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction comprises the state of Oregon. It was created in 1859 when the state was admitted to the Union. Appellate jurisdiction belongs to the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. Matthew P. Deady served as its first judge. Marco A. Hernandez is the current chief judge.
The United States District Court for the District of Montana is the United States District Court whose jurisdiction is the state of Montana. The court is located in Billings, Butte, Great Falls, Helena and Missoula.
The United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit is a United States court of appeals headquartered in Washington, D.C. The court was created by Congress with passage of the Federal Courts Improvement Act of 1982, which merged the United States Court of Customs and Patent Appeals and the appellate division of the United States Court of Claims, making the judges of the former courts into circuit judges. The Federal Circuit is particularly known for its decisions on patent law, as it is the only appellate-level court other than the Supreme Court with the jurisdiction to hear patent case appeals.
Robert Wodrow Archbald, frequently known as R. W. Archbald, was a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Commerce Court, the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit and the United States Circuit Courts for the Third Circuit and previously was a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Middle District of Pennsylvania. He was the ninth federal official on whom Articles of Impeachment were served, and only the third to be convicted and removed from office.
The Commerce Court of the United States was a short-lived federal trial court. It was created by the Mann-Elkins Act in 1910 and abolished three years later. The Commerce Court was a specialized court, given jurisdiction over cases arising from orders of the Interstate Commerce Commission and empowered with judicial review of those orders. The United States Supreme Court was given appellate jurisdiction over the Commerce Court.
The United States District Court for the Middle District of Pennsylvania is a district level federal court with jurisdiction over approximately one half of Pennsylvania. The court was created in 1901 by subdividing the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania and the United States District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania. The court is under the jurisdiction of the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit.
The United States District Court for the Middle District of Tennessee is the federal trial court for most of Middle Tennessee. Based at the Estes Kefauver Federal Building and United States Courthouse in Nashville, it was created in 1839 when Congress added a third district to the state. Tennessee—along with Kentucky, Ohio, and Michigan—is located within the area covered by United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit, and appeals are taken to that court.