List of federal judges appointed by William McKinley

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President William McKinley. Mckinley.jpg
President William McKinley.

Following is a list of all Article III United States federal judges appointed by President William McKinley during his presidency. [1] In total McKinley appointed 35 Article III federal judges, including 1 Justice to the Supreme Court of the United States, 6 judges to the United States Courts of Appeals, and 28 judges to the United States district courts.

Contents

Additionally, McKinley appointed 3 members of the Article I tribunal Board of General Appraisers (later the United States Customs Court).

From the establishment of the United States courts of appeals on June 16, 1891, until the abolition of the United States circuit courts on December 31, 1911, all United States Circuit Judges where jointly appointed to both the United States court of appeal and the United States circuit court for their respective circuit. Starting January 1, 1912, United States Circuit Judges served only on the United States court of appeal for their respective circuit.

United States Supreme Court justices

#Justice Seat StateFormer justiceNomination
date
Confirmation
date
Began
active service
Ended
active service
1 Joseph McKenna 9 California Stephen Johnson Field December 16, 1897January 21, 1898January 21, 1898January 5, 1925

Courts of appeals and circuit courts

The United States circuit courts were abolished on January 1, 1912, the final day of service being December 31, 1911.

#JudgeCircuitNomination
date
Confirmation
date
Began active
service
Ended active
service
Ended senior
status
1 William W. Morrow Ninth May 18, 1897May 20, 1897May 20, 1897January 1, 1923July 24, 1929
2 Peter S. Grosscup Seventh January 18, 1899January 23, 1899January 23, 1899October 23, 1911
3 William R. Day Sixth February 25, 1899February 28, 1899February 28, 1899February 23, 1903Elevated
4 David Davie Shelby Fifth February 21, 1899March 2, 1899March 2, 1899August 22, 1914
5 George Gray Third December 11, 1899December 18, 1899March 29, 1899 [2] June 1, 1914
6 Henry Franklin Severens Sixth February 6, 1900February 20, 1900February 20, 1900October 3, 1911

District courts

#JudgeCourt
[Note 1]
Nomination
date
Confirmation
date
Began active
service
Ended active
service
Ended senior
status
1 Thomas Richard Purnell E.D.N.C. April 26, 1897May 5, 1897May 5, 1897December 19, 1908
2 Edward Green Bradford II D. Del. April 26, 1897May 11, 1897May 11, 1897May 20, 1918
3 John J. De Haven N.D. Cal. June 1, 1897June 8, 1897June 8, 1897January 26, 1913
4 Asa Wentworth Tenney E.D.N.Y. July 2, 1897July 8, 1897July 8, 1897December 10, 1897
5 Francis Cabot Lowell D. Mass. January 5, 1898January 10, 1898January 10, 1898April 15, 1905Elevated
6 Edward B. Thomas E.D.N.Y. February 7, 1898February 15, 1898February 15, 1898December 31, 1906
7 Edmund Waddill Jr. E.D. Va. March 10, 1898March 22, 1898March 22, 1898June 9, 1921Elevated
8 Hamilton G. Ewart W.D.N.C. January 27, 1898 [Rn 1] July 13, 1898 [3] March 3, 1899
8.1 Hamilton G. Ewart W.D.N.C. December 19, 1899April 13, 1899 [4] June 7, 1900
9 Edward Roscoe Meek N.D. Tex. March 10, 1898 [Rn 1] February 15, 1899July 13, 1898 [5] December 31, 1935April 10, 1939
10 Albert C. Thompson S.D. Ohio December 13, 1898December 20, 1898September 23, 1898 [6] January 26, 1910
11 William Cather Hook D. Kan. January 28, 1899January 31, 1899January 31, 1899December 1, 1903Elevated
12 Christian Cecil Kohlsaat N.D. Ill. February 23, 1899February 28, 1899February 28, 1899March 24, 1905Elevated
13 Harry M. Clabaugh D.D.C. February 21, 1899March 2, 1899March 2, 1899May 1, 1903 [7]
14 John Bayard McPherson E.D. Pa. February 28, 1899March 2, 1899March 2, 1899April 8, 1912Elevated
15 Walter Evans D. Ky. / W.D. Ky. March 3, 1899March 3, 1899March 3, 1899December 30, 1923 [8]
16 Job Barnard D.D.C. December 11, 1899December 19, 1899October 1, 1899 [9] June 8, 1914
17 George P. Wanty W.D. Mich. March 7, 1900March 13, 1900March 13, 1900July 9, 1906
18 Smith McPherson S.D. Iowa April 3, 1900May 7, 1900May 7, 1900January 17, 1915
19 John R. Hazel W.D.N.Y. May 18, 1900June 5, 1900June 5, 1900March 5, 1931
20 James Edmund Boyd W.D.N.C. December 15, 1900January 9, 1901July 11, 1900 [10] August 21, 1935
21 Jacob Trieber E.D. Ark. December 4, 1900January 9, 1901July 26, 1900 [11] September 17, 1927
22 Francis Joseph Wing N.D. Ohio January 21, 1901January 23, 1901January 23, 1901February 1, 1905
23 J. Otis Humphrey S.D. Ill. March 7, 1901March 8, 1901March 8, 1901June 14, 1918
24 Robert W. Archbald M.D. Pa. March 29, 1901 [12] February 1, 1911
25 Thomas H. Anderson D.D.C. April 23, 1901 [13] October 1, 1916
26 Andrew McConnell January Cochran E.D. Ky. April 24, 1901 [12] June 12, 1934
27 Benjamin Franklin Keller S.D. W. Va. June 18, 1901 [12] August 8, 1921
28 George B. Adams S.D.N.Y. August 30, 1901 [12] October 9, 1911

Specialty courts (Article I)

Board of General Appraisers

#JudgeNomination
date
Confirmation
date
Began active
service
Ended active
service
1 William Barberie Howell February 8, 1899February 20, 1899February 24, 1899April 4, 1927 [14]
2 Israel F. Fischer December 15, 1899January 17, 1900May 2, 1899 [15] March 31, 1932 [14]
3 Marion De Vries December 5, 1900December 10, 1900June 9, 1900 [16] April 2, 1910

Notes

Renominations
  1. 1 2 Renominated on December 13, 1898.

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References

General
Specific
  1. All information on the names, terms of service, and details of appointment of federal judges is derived from the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public-domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
  2. Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 11, 1899, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 18, 1899, and received commission on December 18, 1899.
  3. Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 13, 1898, but no United States Senate vote.
  4. Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 19, 1899, but no United States Senate vote.
  5. Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 13, 1898, confirmed by the United States Senate on February 15, 1899, and received commission on February 15, 1899.
  6. Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 13, 1898, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 20, 1898, and received commission on December 20, 1898.
  7. Laterally appointed Chief Justice of the same court on May 1, 1903.
  8. Reassigned by operation of law to the United States District Court for the Western District of Kentucky on July 1, 1901.
  9. Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 11, 1899, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 19, 1899, and received commission on December 19, 1899.
  10. Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 15, 1900, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 9, 1901, and received commission on January 9, 1901.
  11. Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 4, 1900, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 9, 1901, and received commission on January 9, 1901.
  12. 1 2 3 4 Recess appointment; formally nominated by Theodore Roosevelt on December 5, 1901, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 17, 1901, and received commission on December 17, 1901.
  13. Recess appointment; formally nominated by Theodore Roosevelt on December 5, 1901, confirmed by the United States Senate on February 4, 1902, and received commission on February 6, 1902.
  14. 1 2 Reassigned by operation of law to the United States Customs Court on May 28, 1926.
  15. Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 15, 1899, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 17, 1900, and received commission on January 22, 1900.
  16. Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 5, 1900, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 10, 1900, and received commission on December 10, 1900.

Sources