|United States District Court for the Northern District of California|
|Location||Phillip Burton Federal Building|
|Appeals to||Ninth Circuit|
|Established||August 5, 1886|
|Chief Judge||Phyllis J. Hamilton|
|Officers of the court|
|U.S. Attorney||David L. Anderson|
The United States District Court for the Northern District of California (in case citations, N.D. Cal.) is the federal United States district court whose jurisdiction comprises following counties of California: Alameda, Contra Costa, Del Norte, Humboldt, Lake, Marin, Mendocino, Monterey, Napa, San Benito, San Francisco, San Mateo, Santa Clara, Santa Cruz, and Sonoma. The court hears cases in its courtrooms in Eureka, Oakland, San Francisco, and San Jose. It is headquartered in San Francisco.
Cases from the Northern District of California are appealed to the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit (except for patent claims and claims against the U.S. government under the Tucker Act, which are appealed to the Federal Circuit).
California was admitted as a state on September 9, 1850, and was initially divided into two districts, the Northern and the Southern, by Act of Congress approved September 28, 1850, 9 Stat. 521.The boundary line was at the 37th parallel of North Latitude. The creating act provided that:
The Act of August 31, 1852 made the Judge of the Northern District be Judge of the Southern District as well until otherwise provided, by 10 Stat. 76, 84,effectively creating a single District in all but name until an Act of January 18, 1854 provided for the appointment of a Judge for the Southern District. The Southern District of California was abolished and the State made to constitute a single district – the United States District Court for the District of California – by Act of Congress approved July 27, 1866, 14 Stat. 300.
Twenty years later, on August 5, 1886, Congress re-created the Southern District of California by 24 Stat. 308.Erskine M. Ross was appointed Judge of the new district and served until his promotion to the Circuit Judgeship, when he was succeeded by Olin Wellborn. On March 18, 1966, the Eastern and Central Districts were created from portions of the Northern and Southern Districts by 80 Stat. 75.
The court has become known as the presumptive destination for major cases (such as large class actions and multi-district litigation) involving defendants based in East Asia and the high tech sector.These cases usually involve patent law and intellectual property law (such as copyright law and DMCA issues as well as trademark law and trade secret law) - especially in the semiconductor, telecommunications and software industries and other high technology areas, antitrust law, securities law, and technology law in general (e.g., cybersecurity, Internet law, computer law and cases involving software).
As of September 14,2018 [update] :
|#||Title||Judge||Duty station||Born||Term of service||Appointed by|
|57||Chief Judge||Phyllis Jean Hamilton||Oakland||1952||2000–present||2014–present||—||Clinton|
|56||District Judge||William Haskell Alsup||San Francisco||1945||1999–present||—||—||Clinton|
|58||District Judge||Jeffrey White||Oakland||1945||2002–present||—||—||G.W. Bush|
|59||District Judge||Richard G. Seeborg||San Francisco||1956||2010–present||—||—||Obama|
|60||District Judge||Lucy Koh||San Jose||1968||2010–present||—||—||Obama|
|61||District Judge||Edward Davila||San Jose||1952||2011–present||—||—||Obama|
|62||District Judge||Edward M. Chen||San Francisco||1953||2011–present||—||—||Obama|
|63||District Judge||Yvonne Gonzalez Rogers||Oakland||1965||2011–present||—||—||Obama|
|64||District Judge||Jon S. Tigar||Oakland||1962||2013–present||—||—||Obama|
|65||District Judge||William Orrick III||San Francisco||1953||2013–present||—||—||Obama|
|66||District Judge||James Donato||San Francisco||1960||2014–present||—||—||Obama|
|67||District Judge||Beth Labson Freeman||San Jose||1953||2014–present||—||—||Obama|
|68||District Judge||Vince Chhabria||San Francisco||1969||2014–present||—||—||Obama|
|69||District Judge||Haywood Gilliam||Oakland||1969||2014–present||—||—||Obama|
|38||Senior Judge||Thelton Henderson||inactive||1933||1980–1998||1990–1997||1998–present||Carter|
|47||Senior Judge||Saundra Brown Armstrong||Oakland||1947||1991–2012||—||2012–present||G.H.W. Bush|
|49||Senior Judge||Ronald Whyte||inactive||1942||1992–2009||—||2009–present||G.H.W. Bush|
|50||Senior Judge||Claudia Ann Wilken||Oakland||1949||1993–2014||2012–2014||2014–present||Clinton|
|51||Senior Judge||Maxine M. Chesney||San Francisco||1942||1995–2009||—||2009–present||Clinton|
|52||Senior Judge||Susan Illston||San Francisco||1948||1995–2013||—||2013–present||Clinton|
|53||Senior Judge||Charles R. Breyer||San Francisco||1941||1997–2011||—||2011–present||Clinton|
|#||Judge||State||Born–died||Active service||Chief Judge||Senior status||Appointed by||Reason for|
|1||Ogden Hoffman Jr.||CA||1822–1891||1851–1866 |
|—||—|| Fillmore |
Operation of law
|reassignment to D. Cal. |
|2||William W. Morrow||CA||1843–1929||1891–1897||—||—||B. Harrison||elevation to 9th Cir.|
|3||John J. De Haven||CA||1849–1913||1897–1913||—||—||McKinley||death|
|4||William Cary Van Fleet||CA||1852–1923||1907–1923||—||—||T. Roosevelt||death|
|5||Maurice Timothy Dooling||CA||1860–1924||1913–1924||—||—||Wilson||death|
|6||John Slater Partridge||CA||1870–1926||1923–1926||—||—||Harding||death|
|7||Frank Henry Kerrigan||CA||1868–1935||1924–1935||—||—||Coolidge||death|
|8||Adolphus Frederic St. Sure||CA||1869–1949||1925–1947||—||1947–1949||Coolidge||death|
|10||Michael Joseph Roche||CA||1878–1964||1935–1958||1948–1958||1958–1964||F. Roosevelt||death|
|11||Martin Ignatius Welsh||CA||1882–1953||1939–1947||—||1947–1953||F. Roosevelt||death|
|12||Louis Earl Goodman||CA||1892–1961||1942–1961||1958–1961||—||F. Roosevelt||death|
|13||George Bernard Harris||CA||1901–1983||1946–1970||1961–1970||1970–1983||Truman||death|
|14||Dal Millington Lemmon||CA||1887–1958||1947–1954||—||—||Truman||elevation to 9th Cir.|
|15||Herbert Wilson Erskine||CA||1888–1951||1949–1951||—||—||Truman||death|
|16||Oliver Jesse Carter||CA||1911–1976||1950–1976||1970–1976||1976–1976||Truman||death|
|17||Edward Preston Murphy||CA||1904–1958||1950–1958||—||—||Truman||death|
|18||Monroe Mark Friedman||CA||1895–1978||1952–1953||—||—||Truman||not confirmed|
|19||Oliver Deveta Hamlin Jr.||CA||1892–1973||1953–1958||—||—||Eisenhower||elevation to 9th Cir.|
|20||Sherrill Halbert||CA||1901–1991||1954–1966||—||—||Eisenhower||reassignment to E.D. Cal.|
|21||Albert Charles Wollenberg||CA||1900–1981||1958–1975||—||1975–1981||Eisenhower||death|
|22||Lloyd Hudson Burke||CA||1916–1988||1958–1979||—||1979–1988||Eisenhower||death|
|23||William Thomas Sweigert||CA||1900–1983||1959–1973||—||1973–1983||Eisenhower||death|
|24||Thomas Jamison MacBride||CA||1914–2000||1961–1966||—||—||Kennedy||reassignment to E.D. Cal.|
|26||Stanley Alexander Weigel||CA||1905–1999||1962–1982||—||1982–1997||Kennedy||retirement|
|27||Robert Francis Peckham||CA||1920–1993||1966–1988||1976–1988||1988–1993||L. Johnson||death|
|28||Gerald Sanford Levin||CA||1906–1971||1969–1971||—||—||Nixon||death|
|29||Robert Howard Schnacke||CA||1913–1994||1970–1983||—||1983–1994||Nixon||death|
|31||Spencer Mortimer Williams||CA||1922–2008||1971–1987||—||1987–2008||Nixon||death|
|32||Charles Byron Renfrew||CA||1928–2017||1971–1980||—||—||Nixon||resignation|
|33||William Horsley Orrick Jr.||CA||1915–2003||1974–1985||—||1985–2003||Nixon||death|
|34||William Austin Ingram||CA||1924–2002||1976–1990||1988–1990||1990–2002||Ford||death|
|35||Cecil F. Poole||CA||1914–1997||1976–1980||—||—||Ford||elevation to 9th Cir.|
|37||Robert Peter Aguilar||CA||1931–present||1980–1996||—||1996–1996||Carter||retirement|
|39||Marilyn Hall Patel||CA||1938–present||1980–2009||1997–2004||2009–2012||Carter||retirement|
|40||Eugene F. Lynch||CA||1931–present||1982–1997||—||1997–1997||Reagan||retirement|
|41||John P. Vukasin Jr.||CA||1928–1993||1983–1993||—||—||Reagan||death|
|42||Charles A. Legge||CA||1930–present||1984–2001||—||—||Reagan||retirement|
|43||D. Lowell Jensen||CA||1928–present||1986–1997||—||1997–2014||Reagan||retirement|
|44||Fern M. Smith||CA||1933–present||1988–2003||—||2003–2005||Reagan||retirement|
|45||Vaughn Walker||CA||1944–present||1989–2011||2004–2010||—||G.H.W. Bush||retirement|
|46||James Ware||CA||1946–present||1990–2012||2010–2012||—||G.H.W. Bush||retirement|
|48||Barbara A. Caulfield||CA||1947–2010||1991–1994||—||—||G.H.W. Bush||resignation|
Chief judges have administrative responsibilities with respect to their district court. Unlike the Supreme Court, where one justice is specifically nominated to be chief, the office of chief judge rotates among the district court judges. To be chief, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as chief judge. A vacancy is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The chief judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position.
When the office was created in 1948, the chief judge was the longest-serving judge who had not elected to retire on what has since 1958 been known as senior status or declined to serve as chief judge. After August 6, 1959, judges could not become or remain chief after turning 70 years old. The current rules have been in operation since October 1, 1982.
The United States Attorney for the Northern District of California represents the United States in civil and criminal litigation in the court. The current United States Attorney is David L. Anderson.
The United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit is a federal court of appeals that has appellate jurisdiction over the district courts in the following districts:
The United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the district courts in the following federal judicial districts:
The United States District Court for the Southern District of New York is a federal district court whose geographic jurisdiction encompasses the counties of New York (Manhattan), Bronx, Westchester, Putnam, Rockland, Orange, Dutchess, and Sullivan in the state of New York. Appeals from the Southern District of New York are taken to the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit.
The United States District Court for the Central District of California serves over 19 million people in Southern and Central California, making it the most populous federal judicial district. The district was created on September 18, 1966. Cases from the Central District are appealed to the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. Along with the Central District of Illinois, the court is the only district court referred to by the name "Central" – all other courts with similar geographical names instead use the term "Middle."
The United States District Court for the Northern District of New York serves one of the 94 judicial districts in the United States and one of four in the state of New York. The Interim U.S. Attorney for the district is Grant C. Jaquith since January 5, 2018. Appeals from the Northern District of New York are taken to the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, which has jurisdiction over the four districts of New York, the District of Connecticut and the District of Vermont.
The United States District Court for the Southern District of California is a federal court in the Ninth Circuit.
The United States District Court for the Southern District of Florida is the federal United States district court with territorial jurisdiction over the southern part of the state of Florida.
The United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois is the federal trial-level court with jurisdiction over the northern counties of Illinois.
The United States District Court for the District of Rhode Island is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is the state of Rhode Island. The District Court was created in 1790 when Rhode Island ratified the Constitution. The Federal Courthouse was built in 1908.
The United States District Court for the Southern District of Illinois is a Federal district court covering approximately the southern third of the state of Illinois.
The United States District Court for the Northern District of Georgia is a United States District Court which serves the residents of forty-six counties. These are divided up into four divisions.
The U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Georgia is a United States District Court which serves the residents of sixty-nine counties from seven divisions from its headquarters in Macon, Georgia.
The United States District Court for the Southern District of Ohio is one of two United States district courts in Ohio and includes forty-eight of the state's eighty-eight counties. Appeals from the court are taken to the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit at Cincinnati.
The United States District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan is the Federal district court with jurisdiction over of the eastern half of the Lower Peninsula of the State of Michigan. The Court is based in Detroit, with courthouses also located in Ann Arbor, Bay City, Flint, and Port Huron. The United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit has appellate jurisdiction over the court.
The United States District Court for the Western District of Michigan is the federal district court with jurisdiction over of the western portion of the state of Michigan, including the entire Upper Peninsula and the Lower Peninsula from Lansing westward.
The United States District Court for the District of Idaho is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction comprises the state of Idaho. Court is held in Boise, Coeur d'Alene, and Pocatello. Cases from the District of Idaho are appealed to the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit.
The United States District Court for the Western District of Missouri is the federal judicial district encompassing 66 counties in the western half of the State of Missouri. The Court is based in the Charles Evans Whittaker Courthouse in Kansas City.
The United States District Court for the Eastern District of Tennessee is the federal court in the Sixth Circuit whose jurisdiction covers all of East Tennessee and a portion of Middle Tennessee. The court has jurisdiction over 41 counties with 4 divisions. Based in Knoxville, Tennessee, it maintains branch facilities in Chattanooga, Tennessee; Greeneville, Tennessee; and Winchester, Tennessee.
The United States District Court for the Southern District of Iowa has jurisdiction over forty-seven of Iowa's ninety-nine counties. It is subject to the Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals.