|United States District Court for the Northern District of West Virginia|
|(N.D. W. Va.)|
|Appeals to||Fourth Circuit|
|Established||January 22, 1901|
|Chief Judge||Gina Marie Groh|
|Officers of the court|
|U.S. Attorney||William J. Powell|
|U.S. Marshal||J.C. Raffety|
The United States District Court for the Northern District of West Virginia (in case citations, N.D. W. Va.) is a federal court in the Fourth Circuit (except for patent claims and claims against the U.S. government under the Tucker Act, which are appealed to the Federal Circuit).
Case citation is a system used by legal professionals to identify past court case decisions, either in series of books called reporters or law reports, or in a neutral style that identifies a decision regardless of where it is reported. Case citations are formatted differently in different jurisdictions, but generally contain the same key information.
The United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit is a federal court located in Richmond, Virginia, with appellate jurisdiction over the district courts in the following districts:
A patent is a form of intellectual property that gives its owner the legal right to exclude others from making, using, selling, and importing an invention for a limited period of years, in exchange for publishing an enabling public disclosure of the invention. In most countries patent rights fall under civil law and the patent holder needs to sue someone infringing the patent in order to enforce his or her rights. In some industries patents are an essential form of competitive advantage; in others they are irrelevant.
The District was established on June 22, 1901.
William J. Powell was confirmed as the U.S. Attorney for the Northern District of West Virginia on October 3, 2017.
William J. Powell is an American attorney who currently serves as the United States Attorney for the United States District Court for the Northern District of West Virginia. Prior to assuming his current role, he was the Chief Deputy Prosecuting Attorney for the Jefferson County, West Virginia Prosecuting Attorney's Office. He was previously a member at the law firm of Jackson Kelly PLLC, where his practice focused on civil litigation and white-collar criminal law. He also previously served as an Assistant United States Attorney in the Southern District of West Virginia, where he prosecuted major fraud and violent crimes. Powell was recommended for the role of U.S. Attorney by U.S. Senator Shelley Moore Capito.
The United States District Court for the Northern District of West Virginia is one of two federal judicial districts in West Virginia.Court for the Northern District is held at Clarksburg, Elkins, Martinsburg, and Wheeling.
Clarksburg is a city in and the county seat of Harrison County, West Virginia, United States, in the north-central region of the state. The population of the city was 16,578 at the 2010 census. It is the principal city of the Clarksburg, WV Micropolitan Statistical Area, which had a population of 94,221 in 2014. Clarksburg was named National Small City of the Year in 2011 by the National League of Cities.
Elkins is a city in and the county seat of Randolph County, West Virginia, United States. The community was incorporated in 1890 and named in honor of Stephen Benton Elkins, a U.S. Senator from West Virginia. The population was 7,094 at the 2010 census. Elkins is home to Davis and Elkins College and to the Mountain State Forest Festival, held in early October every year.
Martinsburg is a city in and the county seat of Berkeley County, West Virginia, United States, in the tip of the state's Eastern Panhandle region in the lower Shenandoah Valley. Its population was 17,687 in the 2016 census estimate, making it the largest city in the Eastern Panhandle and the ninth-largest municipality in the state. Martinsburg is part of the Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Clarksburg Division comprises the following counties: Braxton, Calhoun, Doddridge, Gilmer, Harrison, Marion, Monongalia, Pleasants, Preston, Ritchie, and Taylor.
Braxton County is a county in the central part of the U.S. state of West Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 14,523. The county seat is Sutton. The county was formed in 1836 from parts of Lewis, Kanawha, and Nicholas counties and named for Carter Braxton, a Virginia statesman and signer of the Declaration of Independence.
Calhoun County is a county in the U.S. state of West Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 7,627. Its county seat is Grantsville. The county was founded in 1856 and named for South Carolina politician John C. Calhoun.
Doddridge County is a county in the U.S. state of West Virginia. Its county seat is West Union.
Elkins Division comprises the following counties: Barbour, Grant, Hardy, Lewis, Pendleton, Pocahontas, Randolph, Tucker, Upshur, and Webster.
Barbour County is a county in north-central West Virginia, USA. At the 2010 census, the population was 16,589. The county seat is Philippi, which was chartered in 1844. Both county and city were named for Philip Pendleton Barbour (1783–1841), a U.S. Congressman from Virginia and Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court. The county was formed in 1843 when the region was still part of the state of Virginia. In 1871, a small part of Barbour County was transferred to Tucker County, West Virginia.
Grant County is a county in the U.S. state of West Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 11,937. Its county seat is Petersburg. The county was created from Hardy County in 1866 and named for General Ulysses Simpson Grant.
Hardy County is a county in the U.S. state of West Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 14,025. Its county seat is Moorefield. The county was created from Hampshire County in 1786 and named for Samuel Hardy, a distinguished Virginian.
Martinsburg Division comprises the following counties: Berkeley, Hampshire, Jefferson, Mineral, and Morgan.
Berkeley County is located in the Shenandoah Valley in the Eastern Panhandle region of West Virginia in the United States. The county is part of the Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Hampshire County is a county in the U.S. state of West Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 23,964. Its county seat is Romney, West Virginia's oldest town (1762). The county was created by the Virginia General Assembly in 1754, from parts of Frederick and Augusta Counties (Virginia) and is the state's oldest county. The county lies in both West Virginia's Eastern Panhandle and Potomac Highlands regions.
Jefferson County is located in the Shenandoah Valley and is the easternmost county of the U.S. state of West Virginia. As of the 2010 census the population was 53,498. Its county seat is Charles Town. The county was founded in 1801.
Wheeling Division comprises the following counties: Brooke, Hancock, Marshall, Ohio, Tyler, and Wetzel.
As of November 5,2018 [update] :
|#||Title||Judge||Duty station||Born||Term of service||Appointed by|
|15||Chief Judge||Gina Marie Groh||Martinsburg||1964||2012–present||2015–present||—||Obama|
|14||District Judge||John Preston Bailey||Wheeling||1951||2007–present||2008–2015||—||G.W. Bush|
|16||District Judge||Tom Kleeh||Clarksburg||1974||2018–present||—||—||Trump|
|11||Senior Judge||Frederick Pfarr Stamp Jr.||Wheeling||1934||1990–2006||1994–2001||2006–present||G.H.W. Bush|
|12||Senior Judge||Irene Patricia Murphy Keeley||Clarksburg||1944||1992–2017||2001–2008||2017–present||G.H.W. Bush|
|#||Judge||State||Born–died||Active service||Chief Judge||Senior status||Appointed by||Reason for|
|1||John Jay Jackson Jr.||WV||1824–1907||1901–1905||—||—||Operation of law||retirement|
|2||Alston G. Dayton||WV||1857–1920||1905–1920||—||—||T. Roosevelt||death|
|3||William Eli Baker||WV||1873–1954||1921–1954||1948–1954||1954||Harding||death|
|4||Harry Evans Watkins||WV||1898–1963||1937–1963||1954–1963||—||F. Roosevelt||death|
|5||Herbert Stephenson Boreman||WV||1897–1982||1954–1959||—||—||Eisenhower||elevation to 4th Cir.|
|6||Charles Ferguson Paul||WV||1902–1965||1960–1965||1963–1965||—||Eisenhower||death|
|7||Sidney Lee Christie||WV||1903–1974||1964–1974||—||—||L. Johnson||death|
|8||Robert Earl Maxwell||WV||1924–2010||1965–1995||1965–1994||1995–2010||L. Johnson||death|
|9||Charles Harold Haden II||WV||1937–2004||1975–1983||—||—||Ford||seat abolished|
|10||William Matthew Kidd||WV||1918–1998||1979–1990||—||1990–1998||Carter||death|
|13||W. Craig Broadwater||WV||1950–2006||1996–2006||—||—||Clinton||death|
Chief judges have administrative responsibilities with respect to their district court. Unlike the Supreme Court, where one justice is specifically nominated to be chief, the office of chief judge rotates among the district court judges. To be chief, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as chief judge. A vacancy is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The chief judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position.
When the office was created in 1948, the chief judge was the longest-serving judge who had not elected to retire on what has since 1958 been known as senior status or declined to serve as chief judge. After August 6, 1959, judges could not become or remain chief after turning 70 years old. The current rules have been in operation since October 1, 1982.
The United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia is one of two United States district courts serving the Commonwealth of Virginia. It has jurisdiction over the Northern Virginia, Hampton Roads, and Richmond metro areas and surrounding locations with courthouses located in Alexandria, Norfolk, Richmond and Newport News.
The United States District Court for the District of South Carolina is the federal district court whose jurisdiction is the state of South Carolina. Court is held in the cities of Aiken, Anderson, Beaufort, Charleston, Columbia, Florence, Greenville, and Spartanburg.
The United States District Court for the Eastern District of California is a federal court in the Ninth Circuit.
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The United States District Court for the Southern District of Ohio is one of two United States district courts in Ohio and includes forty-eight of the state's eighty-eight counties. Appeals from the court are taken to the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit at Cincinnati.
The United States District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan is the Federal district court with jurisdiction over of the eastern half of the Lower Peninsula of the State of Michigan. The Court is based in Detroit, with courthouses also located in Ann Arbor, Bay City, Flint, and Port Huron. The United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit has appellate jurisdiction over the court.
The United States District Court for the Western District of Michigan is the federal district court with jurisdiction over of the western portion of the state of Michigan, including the entire Upper Peninsula.
The United States District Court for the Eastern District of Louisiana is a federal trial court based in New Orleans. Like all U.S. district courts, the court has original jurisdiction over civil actions arising under the Constitution, laws, and treaties of the United States; certain civil actions between citizens of different states; civil actions within the admiralty or maritime jurisdiction of the United States; criminal prosecutions brought by the United States; and many other types of cases and controversies. It also has appellate jurisdiction over a very limited class of judgments, orders, and decrees.
The United States District Court for the Eastern District of Texas is a federal court in the Fifth Circuit.
The United States District Court for the Western District of Arkansas is a federal court in the Eighth Circuit.
The United States District Court for the Middle District of Tennessee is the federal trial court for most of Middle Tennessee. Based at the Estes Kefauver Federal Building and United States Courthouse in Nashville, it was created in 1839 when Congress added a third district to the state. Tennessee—along with Kentucky, Ohio, and Michigan—is located within the area covered by United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit, and appeals are taken to that court.
The United States District Court for the Northern District of Mississippi is a federal court in the Fifth Circuit with facilities in Aberdeen, Ackerman, Clarksdale, Cleveland, Corinth, Greenville, and Oxford.
The United States District Court for the Western District of Oklahoma is a federal court in the Tenth Circuit.
The United States District Court for the Eastern District of Arkansas is a federal court in the Eighth Circuit.
The United States Court for the Middle District of Louisiana comprises the parishes of Ascension, East Baton Rouge, East Feliciana, Iberville, Livingston, Pointe Coupee, St. Helena, West Baton Rouge, and West Feliciana. Court is held at the United States Courthouse in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. It falls under the jurisdiction of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit.
The United States District Court for the Southern District of West Virginia is a federal court in the Fourth Circuit.