|United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit|
|Location||Elbert P. Tuttle U.S. Court of Appeals Building|
|Established||October 1, 1981|
|Circuit Justice||Clarence Thomas|
|Chief Judge||William H. Pryor Jr.|
The United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit (in case citations, 11th Cir.) is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the district courts in the following districts:
These districts were originally part of the Fifth Circuit, but were split off to form the Eleventh Circuit effective October 1, 1981.For this reason, Fifth Circuit decisions from before this split are considered binding precedent in the Eleventh Circuit.
The court is based at the Elbert P. Tuttle U.S. Court of Appeals Building in Atlanta, Georgia. The building is named for Elbert Tuttle, who served as Chief Judge of the Fifth Circuit in the 1960s and was known for issuing decisions which advanced the civil rights of African-Americans.
The Eleventh Circuit is one of the thirteen United States courts of appeals.
As of March 3,2021 [update] :
|#||Title||Judge||Duty station||Born||Term of service||Appointed by|
|29||Chief Judge||William H. Pryor Jr.||Birmingham, AL||1962||2004–present||2020–present||—||G.W. Bush|
|28||Circuit Judge||Charles R. Wilson||Tampa, FL||1954||1999–present||—||—||Clinton|
|30||Circuit Judge||Beverly B. Martin||Atlanta, GA||1955||2010–present||—||—||Obama|
|31||Circuit Judge||Adalberto Jordan||Miami, FL||1961||2012–present||—||—||Obama|
|32||Circuit Judge||Robin S. Rosenbaum||Fort Lauderdale, FL||1966||2014–present||—||—||Obama|
|34||Circuit Judge||Jill A. Pryor||Atlanta, GA||1963||2014–present||—||—||Obama|
|35||Circuit Judge||Kevin Newsom||Birmingham, AL||1972||2017–present||—||—||Trump|
|36||Circuit Judge||Elizabeth L. Branch||Atlanta, GA||1968||2018–present||—||—||Trump|
|37||Circuit Judge||Britt Grant||Atlanta, GA||1978||2018–present||—||—||Trump|
|38||Circuit Judge||Robert J. Luck||Tallahassee, FL||1979||2019–present||—||—||Trump|
|39||Circuit Judge||Barbara Lagoa||Miami, FL||1967||2019–present||—||—||Trump|
|40||Circuit Judge||Andrew L. Brasher||Birmingham, AL||1981||2020–present||—||—||Trump|
|9||Senior Circuit Judge||Gerald Bard Tjoflat||Jacksonville, FL||1929||1981–2019||1989–1996||2019–present||Ford / Operation of law|
|15||Senior Circuit Judge||R. Lanier Anderson III||Macon, GA||1936||1981–2009||1999–2002||2009–present||Carter / Operation of law|
|19||Senior Circuit Judge||James Larry Edmondson||Jasper, GA||1947||1986–2012||2002–2009||2012–present||Reagan|
|22||Senior Circuit Judge||Joel Fredrick Dubina||Montgomery, AL||1947||1990–2013||2009–2013||2013–present||G.H.W. Bush|
|23||Senior Circuit Judge||Susan H. Black||Jacksonville, FL||1943||1992–2011||—||2011–present||G.H.W. Bush|
|24||Senior Circuit Judge||Edward Earl Carnes||Montgomery, AL||1950||1992–2020||2013–2020||2020–present||G.H.W. Bush|
|26||Senior Circuit Judge||Frank M. Hull||Atlanta, GA||1948||1997–2017||—||2017–present||Clinton|
|27||Senior Circuit Judge||Stanley Marcus||West Palm Beach, FL||1946||1997–2019||—||2019–present||Clinton|
|33||Senior Circuit Judge||Julie E. Carnes||Atlanta, GA||1950||2014–2018||—||2018–present||Obama|
|Seat||Prior Judge's Duty Station||Seat last held by||Vacancy reason||Date of vacancy||Nominee||Date of nomination|
|9||Atlanta||Beverly B. Martin||Retirement||September 30, 2021||–||–|
|#||Judge||State||Born–died||Active service||Chief Judge||Senior status||Appointed by||Reason for|
|1||Richard Rives||AL||1895–1982||—||—||1981–1982||Truman / Operation of law||death|
|2||Elbert Tuttle||GA||1897–1996||—||—||1981–1996||Eisenhower / Operation of law||death|
|3||Warren Leroy Jones||FL||1895–1993||—||—||1981–1993||Eisenhower / Operation of law||death|
|4||John Cooper Godbold||AL||1920–2009||1981–1987||1981–1986||1987–2009||L. Johnson / Operation of law||death|
|5||David William Dyer||FL||1910–1998||—||—||1981–1998||L. Johnson / Operation of law||death|
|6||John Milton Bryan Simpson||FL||1903–1987||—||—||1981–1987||L. Johnson / Operation of law||death|
|7||Lewis Render Morgan||GA||1913–2001||—||—||1981–2001||L. Johnson / Operation of law||death|
|8||Paul Hitch Roney||FL||1921–2006||1981–1989||1986–1989||1989–2006||Nixon / Operation of law||death|
|10||James Clinkscales Hill||FL||1924–2017||1981–1989||—||1989–2017||Ford / Operation of law||death|
|11||Peter T. Fay||FL||1929–2021||1981–1994||—||1994–2021||Ford / Operation of law||death|
|12||Robert Smith Vance||AL||1931–1989||1981–1989||—||—||Carter / Operation of law||death|
|13||Phyllis A. Kravitch||GA||1920–2017||1981–1996||—||1996–2017||Carter / Operation of law||death|
|14||Frank Minis Johnson||AL||1918–1999||1981–1991||—||1991–1999||Carter / Operation of law||death|
|16||Joseph W. Hatchett||FL||1932–2021||1981–1999||1996–1999||—||Carter / Operation of law||retirement|
|17||Albert John Henderson||GA||1920–1999||1981–1986||—||1986–1999||Carter / Operation of law||death|
|18||Thomas Alonzo Clark||GA||1920–2005||1981–1991||—||1991–2005||Carter / Operation of law||death|
|20||Emmett Ripley Cox||AL||1935–2021||1988–2000||—||2000–2021||Reagan||death|
|21||Stanley F. Birch Jr.||GA||1945–present||1990–2010||—||—||G.H.W. Bush||retirement|
|W. Pryor, Jr.||2020–present|
Chief judges have administrative responsibilities with respect to their circuits, and preside over any panel on which they serve unless the circuit justice (i.e., the Supreme Court justice responsible for the circuit) is also on the panel. Unlike the Supreme Court, where one justice is specifically nominated to be chief, the office of chief judge rotates among the circuit judges. To be chief, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as chief judge. A vacancy is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The chief judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position.
When the office was created in 1948, the chief judge was the longest-serving judge who had not elected to retire on what has since 1958 been known as senior status or declined to serve as chief judge. After August 6, 1959, judges could not become or remain chief after turning 70 years old. The current rules have been in operation since October 1, 1982.
The court has twelve seats for active judges, numbered in the order in which they were initially filled. Judges who assume senior status enter a kind of retirement in which they remain on the bench, while vacating their seats, thus allowing the president to appoint new judges to fill their seats.
The United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit is a federal court of appeals that has appellate jurisdiction over the district courts in the following districts:
The United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit is a United States federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the following United States district courts:
The United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit is a federal court located in Richmond, Virginia, with appellate jurisdiction over the district courts in the following districts:
The United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the district courts in the following federal judicial districts:
The United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the district courts in the following districts:
The United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit is the U.S. federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the courts in the following districts:
The United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the district courts in the following districts:
The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit is one of the thirteen United States Courts of Appeals. It has the smallest geographical jurisdiction of any of the U.S. federal appellate courts, and covers only one district court: the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia. It meets at the E. Barrett Prettyman United States Courthouse, near Judiciary Square, Washington, D.C.
Elbert Parr Tuttle was the Chief United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit from 1960 to 1967, when that court became known for a series of decisions crucial in advancing the civil rights of African Americans during the Civil Rights Movement. A Republican from Georgia, he was among the judges that became known as the "Fifth Circuit Four". At that time, the Fifth Circuit included not only Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas, but also Alabama, Georgia, Florida, and the Panama Canal Zone.
John Robert Brown was a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit in 1950s and 1960s, one of the "Fifth Circuit Four" pivotal in the civil rights movement.
The United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit is a United States court of appeals headquartered in Washington, D.C. The court was created by Congress with passage of the Federal Courts Improvement Act of 1982, which merged the United States Court of Customs and Patent Appeals and the appellate division of the United States Court of Claims, making the judges of the former courts into circuit judges. The Federal Circuit is particularly known for its decisions on patent law, as it is the only appellate-level court other than the Supreme Court with the jurisdiction to hear patent case appeals.
William Holcombe Pryor Jr. is an American lawyer and jurist who serves as a circuit judge on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit. He is a former Commissioner of the United States Sentencing Commission. Previously, he was the Attorney General of Alabama, from 1997 to 2004.
Frank Mays Hull is a Senior United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit.
During George H. W. Bush's term in office as the President of the United States of America, he nominated 11 individuals for 10 different federal appellate judgeships who were not processed by the Democratic-controlled Senate Judiciary Committee. The Republicans claim that Senate Democrats of the 102nd Congress on purpose tried to keep open particular judgeships as a political maneuver to allow a future Democratic president to fill them. All 10 of the judgeships were eventually filled with Clinton nominees, although one nominee, Roger Gregory, was nominated by Clinton and then renominated by President George W. Bush. None of the nominees were nominated after July 1, 1992, the traditional start date of the unofficial Thurmond Rule during a presidential election year. Senator Orrin Hatch, the Republican leader of the Senate Judiciary Committee during the 106th Congress mentioned the controversy over President George H.W. Bush's court of appeals nominees during the following controversy involving the confirmation of any more Democratic court of appeals nominees during the last two years of President Bill Clinton's second term.
Robert Smith Vance Sr. was a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit and later the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit. He was one of three 20th-century United States federal court judges assassinated because of his judicial service.
Adalberto Jose Jordan is a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit. He is also an adjunct professor at the University of Miami School of Law, his alma mater, and at Florida International University's College of Law. In February 2016, The New York Times identified Jordan as a potential Supreme Court nominee to replace Justice Antonin Scalia. In early March, Jordan removed himself from consideration.
Lewis Render Morgan was a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit and of the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit and previously was a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Northern District of Georgia.
Abdul Karim Kallon is a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Northern District of Alabama. He is a former nominee to be a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit.
Jill Anne Pryor is a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit. Pryor was born in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania.
Elizabeth Lee "Lisa" Branch is a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit. She is a former judge of the Georgia Court of Appeals.
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