Judicial appointment history for United States federal courts

Last updated

The appointment of federal judges for United States federal courts is done via nomination by the President of the United States and confirmation by the United States Senate. The tables below provide the composition of all Article III courts which include the Supreme Court and the Courts of Appeals at the end of each four year presidential term, as well as the current compositions of the District Courts and the Court of International Trade, categorizing the judges by the presidential term during which they were first appointed to their seats.

Contents

As of June 30, 2022, of the 9 justices of the Supreme Court, 6 were appointed by a Republican president, and 3 were appointed by a Democratic president. [1] [2] [3]

As of July 19, 2022, of the 179 Courts of Appeals judges, 91 were appointed by Republican presidents, compared to 81 by Democratic presidents. However, out of the 13 federal appeals courts, Democratic appointees have a majority on 7 courts, whereas Republican appointees have a majority on 6 courts. [4]

As of July 20, 2022, of the 679 district court judges, 327 were appointed by Democratic presidents compared to 289 by Republican ones. Within the individual circuit jurisdictions, Democratic presidents have appointed majorities in 7 circuits and Washington, D.C. while Republican presidents have appointed a majority in 4 circuits. [5] [6]

However, the party of the president who appointed a judge is a consistent indicator of that judge's judicial philosophy and place on the political spectrum, although there are cases where judges stray from their appointees. [7] Federal judges often strategically time their retirement so as to give the president of the same party that first appointed them an opportunity to nominate the successor. [8] [9] [10] [11]

Supreme Court

The Supreme Court of the United States was established by the Constitution of the United States. Originally, the Judiciary Act of 1789 set the number of justices at six. However, as the nation's boundaries grew across the continent and as Supreme Court justices in those days had to ride the circuit, an arduous process requiring long travel on horseback or carriage over harsh terrain that resulted in months-long extended stays away from home, Congress added justices to correspond with the growth: seven in 1807, nine in 1837, and ten in 1863. [12] [13] The Judicial Circuits Act of 1866 then set the number to gradually be reduced to seven through the retirement or death of current associate justices. The court was down to eight when the Judiciary Act of 1869 restored the number to nine.

As of April 7,2022: [3]

YearTotalAppointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
VacantJRBDJTBHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWBRWR
2
RWR
1
JECRMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
2
JFK
/LBJ
DDE
2
DDE
1
Current96313221
202096332211
2016944122211
201295422212
200897222221
200497222311
200097222311
199697222311
1992981231111
19889723111111
1984972114111
1980972141111
YearTotalAppointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
VacantRMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
2
JFK
/LBJ
DDE
2
DDE
1
HST
2
FDR
/HST
FDR
3
FDR
2
FDR
1
HCHJCC
2
WGH
/JCC
TWW
2
TWW
1
WHT
1976972141111
1972963411111
196894521132
196494521312
19609542313
19569363114
19529092214
1948909225
1944927351
19409365211
193697231221
193297231221
YearTotalAppointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
VacantJCC
2
WGH
/JCC
TWW
2
TWW
1
WHTTR
2
WMK
/TR
WMK
1
SGC
2
BHSGC
1
JAG
/CAA
RBHUSG
2
USG
1
AL
/AJ
AL 1
192897214211
192497242111
19209543321
19169543321
1912981621
19089631212111
1904963212211
1900963123111
1896963231111
189297242211
188897223112
188499032112

Courts of appeals

The United States courts of appeals were established by the Judiciary Act of 1891 as "United States circuit courts of appeals" (the name was changed to its current form in 1948). The act authorized 19 appellate judgeships in 9 circuits. Since then, the number of authorized appellate judgeships has increased to 179. [14]

Summary of 13 circuits combined

As of September 29,2022: [15]

YearTotalAppointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
VacantJRBDJTBHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWBRWR
2
RWR
1
JECRMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
2
JFK
/LBJ
DDE
2
DDE
1
Current1799180824532316161298532
20201799681253242617151714542
201617972901725282326221497611
201217984781730243026171210751
2008*1781006612243234252115771
200417994691635352529208911
200017976782535293528111411
19961791055321294045142232111
199217911942184050204053111
1988168966210502653910811
1984168667626335715171451
19801405086459163019821

As of September 20,2022:

YearTotalAppointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
VacantJRBDJTBHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWBRWR
2
RWR
1
JECRMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
2
JFK
/LBJ
DDE
2
DDE
1
Current100%51%45%4%13%30%13%9%9%7%5%5%3%2%1%
2020100%54%45%1%30%13%15%9%8%9%8%3%2%1%
2016100%40%50%9%14%16%13%15%12%8%5%4%3%1%1%
2012100%47%44%9%17%13%17%15%9%7%6%4%3%1%
2008100%56%37%7%13%18%19%14%12%8%4%4%1%
2004100%53%39%9%20%20%14%16%11%4%5%1%1%
2000100%42%44%14%20%16%20%16%6%8%1%1%
1996100%59%30%12%16%22%25%8%12%2%1%1%1%1%
1992100%67%23%10%22%28%11%22%3%2%1%1%1%
1988100%57%37%6%30%16%32%5%6%5%1%1%
1984100%39%45%16%20%34%9%10%8%3%1%
1980100%36%61%3%42%11%21%14%6%1%1%

Partisan mix of the circuit courts

As of September 20,2022:

Appeals Court
(in numerical order)
Total number of seatsPercentage
of occupied seats
appointed
by
Republicans
Percentage
of occupied seats
appointed
by
Democrats
Republican/
Democrat/
vacant
Percentage
of total seats
appointed
by
Republicans
Percentage
of total seats
appointed
by
Democrats
Percentage
of total seats
currently
vacant
1st 60%100%0 / 5 / 10%83%17%
2nd 1346%54%6 / 7 / 046%54%0%
3rd 1454%46%7 / 6 / 150%43%7%
4th 1543%57%6 / 8 / 140%53%7%
5th 1775%25%12 / 4 / 171%24%6%
6th 1663%37%10 / 6 / 063%37%0%
7th 1170%30%7 / 3 / 164%27%9%
8th 1191%9%10 / 1 / 091%9%0%
9th 2945%55%13 / 16 / 045%55%0%
10th 1245%55%5 / 6 / 142%50%8%
11th 1264%36%7 / 4 / 158%33%8%
D.C. 1140%60%4 / 6 / 136%55%9%
Federal 1233%67%4 / 8 / 033%67%0%
Total of 13 circuits17953%47%91 / 80 / 851%45%4%

First Circuit

as of September 14,2022:

YearTotalAppointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
VacantJRBDJTBHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWBRWR
2
RWR
1
JECRMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
2
Current6051221
202061412111
201662421111
2012632111111
2008632111111
2004642111111
200064211211
19966511311
19926513111
198863311211
198462311211
1980413211

Second Circuit

as of September 15,2022:

YearTotalAppointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
VacantJRBDJTBHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWBRWR
2
RWR
1
JECRMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
2
JFK
/LBJ
Current136755111
20201376531121
201613472412211
20121358513211
20081366114421
200413674522
20001321015421
19961356243112
199213102133321
198813931342111
198413742422111
19801164122411

Third Circuit

as of September 29,2022:

YearTotalAppointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
VacantJRBDJTBHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWBRWR
2
RWR
1
JECRMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
2
Current14761143131
202014864313111
201614572323211
2012146712323111
200814662324111
200414761441211
200014662412311
199614112113711
19921411123711
1988129371211
19841264212142
198010642152

Fourth Circuit

as of January 15,2022:

YearTotalAppointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
VacantJRBDJTBHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWBRWR
2
RWR
1
JECRMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
2
JFK
/LBJ
DDE
2
Current15681131312111
2020156931512111
20161551015123111
2012155106123111
200815654123221
2004158522323111
200015654323111
1996159422411212
199215933411312
19881165124121
1984116534121
1980104641221

Fifth Circuit

as of August 31,2022:

YearTotalAppointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
VacantJRBDJTBHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWBRWR
2
RWR
1
JECRMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
2
JFK
/LBJ
DDE
2
DDE
1
Current17124162422
202017125612422
2016179531242221
20121710522422221
2008171344233221
2004171142234231
20001795344231
19961711644342
19921711244342
19881696134611
1984167725711
198014310181121

Sixth Circuit

as of May 24,2022:

YearTotalAppointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
VacantJRBDJTBHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWBRWR
2
RWR
1
JECRMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
2
JFK
/LBJ
DDE
2
Current161062612212
202016115623212
20161610512441211
20121610624412111
2008161064423111
200416664423111
20001657423322
1996167633343
1992169523515
198816105153511
19841666445111
19801137161111

Seventh Circuit

as of September 7,2022:

YearTotalAppointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
VacantJRBDJTBHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWBRWR
2
RWR
1
JECRMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
2
JFK
/LBJ
Current11731241111
202011821411112
2016116321111122
20121173111111122
2008117311112122
20041183112142
2000118312143
1996118321431
19921192143111
1988119243121
1984116234121
1980944112221

Eighth Circuit

as of January 15,2022:

YearTotalAppointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
VacantJRBDJTBHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWBRWR
2
RWR
1
JECRMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
2
Current1110141141
20201110141141
20161181211511
20121192161111
20081192161111
2004119261121
200011641113212
1996118313322
199211923332
1988106313321
1984104513213
198093512123

Ninth Circuit

as of August 4,2022: [17]

YearTotalAppointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
VacantJRBDJTBHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWBRWR
2
RWR
1
JECRMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
2
JFK
/LBJ
Current291316610242131
202029131610252181
201629718425339111
201229919153411122
2008281116134112223
20042881644112223
2000287183113434
199628119834751
199228151214731111
19882812133731221
1984288164315321
19802371615341

Tenth Circuit

As of September 20,2021:

YearTotalAppointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
VacantJRBDJTBHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWBRWR
2
RWR
1
JECRMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
2
JFK
/LBJ
Current12561124112
20201257241122
20161257412221
20121263312321
2008128424411
2004127544121
2000125524141
199612754161
199212732163
19881064631
198410145311
19808353311

Eleventh Circuit

As of October 12,2021:

YearTotalAppointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
VacantJRBDJTBHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWBRWR
2
RWR
1
JECRMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
2
Current1274162111
2020127562211
201612381321311
201212462213121
200812751314111
200412751314111
200012651314111
19961282214212
1992128314232
198812662631
198412487311
198012487311

D.C. Circuit

as of September 20,2022:

YearTotalAppointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
VacantJRBDJTBHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWBRWR
2
RWR
1
JECRMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
2
JFK
/LBJ
Current114612341
2020114734121
2016114743121
20121153331211
2008*1163231212
200412543112221
20001254312231
1996126422242
199212741254
1988126515141
1984123723421
198011384322

Federal Circuit

as of February 10,2022:

YearTotalAppointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
VacantJRBDJTBHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWBRWR
2
RWR
1
JECRMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
2
JFK
/LBJ
DDE
2
Current124824111111
202012484311111
201612484311111
201212543311121
200812841131321
20041284131421
20001274131421
199612101115311
199212101153111
19881273232311
198412752313111
19801165314111

District courts

Summary of 91 district courts

as of September 15,2022: [15]

YearTotalAppointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
VacantJRBDJTBHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWBRWR
2
RWR
1
JEC
Current679286322715717112210953492113553
202067831831743173124136646434227641

Partisan mix of the district courts

as of July 20,2022:

District courts
under the
appeals court
Total
number
of seats
Percentage
of occupied seats
appointed
by
Republicans
Percentage
of occupied seats
appointed
by
Democrats
Republican/
Democrat/
vacant
Percentage
of total seats
appointed
by
Republicans
Percentage
of total seats
appointed
by
Democrats
Percentage
of total seats
currently
vacant
1st 2939%61%9 / 14 / 631%48%21%
2nd 6329%71%16 / 39 / 825%62%13%
3rd 5946%54%24 / 28 / 741%47%12%
4th 5647%53%25 / 28 / 345%50%5%
5th 8365%35%50 / 27 / 661%33%6%
6th 6358%42%34 / 25 / 454%40%6%
7th 4741%59%18 / 27 / 238%57%5%
8th 4434%66%14 / 27 / 332%61%7%
9th 11031%69%29 / 66 / 1526%60%14%
10th 4165%35%24 / 12 / 559%29%11%
11th 6966%34%42 / 23 / 461%33%6%
D.C. 1527%73%4 / 11 / 027%73%0%
Total of 91 District Courts67947%53%289 / 327 / 6343%48%9%

District courts in the First Circuit

As of July 1,2022:

DistrictTotalAppointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
VacantJRBDJTBHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB
D. of Maine 312111
D. of Massachusetts 13283141121
D. of New Hampshire 312111
D. of Puerto Rico 7313211
D. of Rhode Island 321111
Total29914624732221

District courts in the Second Circuit

as of July 24,2022:

DistrictTotalAppointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
VacantJRBDJTBHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
D. of Connecticut 816121211
E.D. of New York 1657424411
N.D. of New York 51311111
S.D. of New York 28718324682111
W.D. of New York 413121
D. of Vermont 2211
Total631539961016134131

District courts in the Third Circuit

As of July 20,2022:

DistrictTotalAppointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
VacantJRBDJTBHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
D. of Delaware 422121
D. of New Jersey 17313163421
E.D. of Pennsylvania 229855813
M.D. of Pennsylvania 6231131
W.D. of Pennsylvania 108282
Total5924287716111035

District courts in the Fourth Circuit

As of July 27,2022:

DistrictTotalAppointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
VacantJRBDJTBHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWBRWR
2
RWR
1
D. of Maryland 10193133
E.D. of North Carolina 441111
M.D. of North Carolina 422112
W.D. of North Carolina 541113
D. of South Carolina 1054131311
E.D. of Virginia 11461331111
W.D. of Virginia 4121111
N.D. of West Virginia 321111
S.D. of West Virginia 52311111
Total5625283612712921211

District courts in the Fifth Circuit

As of January 27,2022:

DistrictTotalAppointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
VacantJRBDJTBHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWBRWR
2
RWR
1
E.D. of Louisiana 1256133212
M.D. of Louisiana 3321
W.D. of Louisiana 75241
N.D. of Mississippi 311111
S.D. of Mississippi 6512121
E.D. of Texas 8534211
N.D. of Texas 121026132
S.D. of Texas 19117153331111
W.D. of Texas 1384131152
Total83502762791041544121

District courts in the Sixth Circuit

As of September 1,2022:

DistrictTotalAppointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
VacantJRBDJTBHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
E.D. of Kentucky 66213
W.D. of Kentucky 53232
E.D. of Michigan 1538414231
W.D. of Michigan 431112
N.D. of Ohio 1156332111
S.D. of Ohio 85214111
E.D. of Tennessee 541311
M.D. of Tennessee 422211
W.D. of Tennessee 5311211
Total6334236520948623

Note: Judge Claria Horn Boom (Trump appointee) currently serves both the Eastern & Western Districts of Kentucky

District courts in the Seventh Circuit

As of September 7,2022:

DistrictTotalAppointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
VacantJRBDJTBHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWBRWR
2
RWR
1
C.D. of Illinois 4413
N.D. of Illinois 2291211655211
S.D. of Illinois 42222
N.D. of Indiana 5311211
S.D. of Indiana 523221
E.D. of Wisconsin 52211111
W.D. of Wisconsin 2211
Total4718263113101221311

District courts in the Eighth Circuit

As of July 14,2022:

DistrictTotalAppointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
VacantJRBDJTBHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
E.D. of Arkansas 5231121
W.D. of Arkansas 32111
N.D. of Iowa 21111
S.D. of Iowa 33111
D. Minnesota 733112111
E.D. of Missouri 94531311
W.D. of Missouri 7163211
D. of Nebraska 312111
D. of North Dakota 222
D. of South Dakota 32111
Total441427321010113131

Note: Judge Rodney Sippel (Clinton appointee) currently serves in both the Eastern & Western Districts of Missouri. Judge Brian Wimes (Obama appointee) also currently serves in both the Eastern & Western Districts of Missouri.

District courts in the Ninth Circuit

As of September 13,2022:

DistrictTotalAppointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
VacantJRBDJTBHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWBRWR
2
D. of Alaska 311111
D. of Arizona 13675611
C.D. of California 281311444153511
E.D. of California 651221
N.D. of California 14113254
S.D. of California 13373411211
D. of Hawaii 4221111
D. of Idaho 2111
D. of Montana 3321
D. of Nevada 77232
D. of Oregon 61411121
E.D. of Washington 431111
W.D. of Washington 714241
Total110286517191423217621

District courts in the Tenth Circuit

As of July 19,2022:

DistrictTotalAppointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
VacantJRBDJTBHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWBRWR
2
D. of Colorado 72531111
D. of Kansas 6411311
D. of New Mexico 73312112
E.D. of Oklahoma 2211
N.D. of Oklahoma 42211
W.D. of Oklahoma 7761
D. of Utah 5221211
D. of Wyoming 311111
Total412312651543431

Note: Judge John Heil III (Trump appointee) currently serves on the Eastern, Northern, & Western Districts of Oklahoma

District courts in the Eleventh Circuit

As of August 31,2022:

DistrictTotalAppointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
VacantJRBDJTBHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB
M.D. of Alabama 3212
N.D. of Alabama 8611412
S.D. of Alabama 3321
M.D. of Florida 15951541211
N.D. of Florida 431211
S.D. of Florida 18873532221
M.D. of Georgia 4221111
N.D. of Georgia 115624311
S.D. of Georgia 3312
Total69412262261266722

District court in the D.C. Circuit

As of September 20,2022:

DistrictTotalAppointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
VacantJRBDJTBHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
D. of Columbia 15410114441
Total15410114441

United States Court of International Trade

The United States Court of International Trade is an Article III court, with full powers in law and equity, established by the Customs Court Act of 1980 to replace the United States Customs Court.

As of April 5,2021:

YearTotalAppointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
VacantJRBDJTBHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
Current934234
20209441341

Acronym key

AcronymPresidentTermDate range
JRB Joe Biden currentJanuary 20, 2021 - present
DJT Donald Trump onlyJanuary 20, 2017 - January 20, 2021
BHO 2 Barack Obama secondJanuary 20, 2013 - January 20, 2017
BHO 1 Barack Obama firstJanuary 20, 2009 - January 20, 2013
GWB 2 George W. Bush secondJanuary 20, 2005 - January 20, 2009
GWB 1 George W. Bush firstJanuary 20, 2001 - January 20, 2005
WJC 2 Bill Clinton secondJanuary 20, 1997 - January 20, 2001
WJC 1 Bill Clinton firstJanuary 20, 1993 - January 20, 1997
GHWB George H. W. Bush onlyJanuary 20, 1989 - January 20, 1993
RWR 2 Ronald Reagan secondJanuary 20, 1985 - January 20, 1989
RWR 1 Ronald Reagan firstJanuary 20, 1981 - January 20, 1985
JEC Jimmy Carter onlyJanuary 20, 1977 - January 20, 1981
RMN/GRF Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford splitJanuary 20, 1973 - January 20, 1977
RMN 1 Richard Nixon firstJanuary 20, 1969 - January 20, 1973
LBJ 2 Lyndon B. Johnson secondJanuary 20, 1965 - January 20, 1969
JFK/LBJ John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson splitJanuary 20, 1961 - January 20, 1965
DDE 2 Dwight Eisenhower secondJanuary 20, 1957 - January 20, 1961
DDE 1 Dwight Eisenhower firstJanuary 20, 1953 - January 20, 1957
HST 2 Harry Truman secondJanuary 20, 1949 - January 20, 1953
FDR/HST Franklin Roosevelt and Harry Truman splitJanuary 20, 1945 - January 20, 1949
FDR 3 Franklin Roosevelt thirdJanuary 20, 1941 - January 20, 1945
FDR 2 Franklin Roosevelt secondJanuary 20, 1937 - January 20, 1941
FDR 1 Franklin Roosevelt firstMarch 4, 1933 - January 20, 1937
HCH Herbert Hoover onlyMarch 4, 1929 - March 4, 1933
JCC 2 Calvin Coolidge secondMarch 4, 1925 - March 4, 1929
WGH/JCC Warren G. Harding and Calvin Coolidge splitMarch 4, 1921 - March 4, 1925
TWW 2 Woodrow Wilson secondMarch 4, 1917 - March 4, 1921
TWW 1 Woodrow Wilson firstMarch 4, 1913 - March 4, 1917
WHT William Howard Taft onlyMarch 4, 1909 - March 4, 1913
TR 2 Theodore Roosevelt secondMarch 4, 1905 - March 4, 1909
WMK/TR William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt splitMarch 4, 1901 - March 4, 1905
WMK 1 William McKinley firstMarch 4, 1897 - March 4, 1901
SGC 2 Grover Cleveland secondMarch 4, 1893 - March 4, 1897
BH Benjamin Harrison onlyMarch 4, 1889 - March 4, 1893
SGC 1 Grover Cleveland firstMarch 4, 1885 - March 4, 1889
JAG/CAA James A. Garfield and Chester A. Arthur splitMarch 4, 1881 - March 4, 1885
RBH Rutherford B. Hayes onlyMarch 4, 1877 - March 4, 1881
USG 2 Ulysses S. Grant secondMarch 4, 1873 - March 4, 1877
USG 1 Ulysses S. Grant firstMarch 4, 1869 - March 4, 1873
AL/AJ Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson splitMarch 4, 1865 - March 4, 1869
AL 1 Abraham Lincoln firstMarch 4, 1861 - March 4, 1865

See also

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