|United States District Court for the Eastern District of North Carolina|
|Appeals to||Fourth Circuit|
|Established||June 4, 1872|
|Chief Judge||Richard E. Myers II|
|Officers of the court|
|U.S. Attorney||Michael F. Easley Jr.|
|U.S. Marshal||Michael Blaine East|
The United States District Court for the Eastern District of North Carolina (in case citations, E.D.N.C.) is the United States district court that serves the eastern 44 counties in North Carolina. Appeals from the Eastern District of North Carolina are taken to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit (except for patent claims and claims against the U.S. government under the Tucker Act, which are appealed to the Federal Circuit).
The District has three staffed offices and holds court in six cities: Elizabeth City, Fayetteville, Greenville, New Bern, Raleigh, and Wilmington. Its main office is in Raleigh. It is broken down into four divisions. The eastern division is headquartered in Greenville and handles cases from Beaufort, Carteret, Craven, Edgecombe, Greene, Halifax, Hyde, Jones, Lenoir, Martin, Pamlico, and Pitt counties.
The southern division is based in Wilmington and serves the counties of: Bladen, Brunswick, Columbus, Duplin, New Hanover, Onslow, Pender, Robeson, and Sampson. Its cases are heard in Wilmington.
The northern and western divisions are based in Raleigh. The western covers: Cumberland, Franklin, Granville, Harnett, Johnston, Nash, Vance, Wake, Warren, Wayne, and Wilson counties. Its cases are heard in Fayetteville, Greenville, and New Bern. The northern division presides over cases from: Bertie, Camden, Chowan, Currituck, Dare, Gates, Hertford, Northampton, Pasquotank, Perquimans, Tyrrell and Washington counties. Its cases are heard in Elizabeth City.
The United States District Court for the District of North Carolina was established on June 4, 1790, by 1 Stat. 126. On June 9, 1794, it was subdivided into three districts by 1 Stat. 395, but on March 3, 1797, the three districts were abolished and the single District restored by 1 Stat. 517, until April 29, 1802, when the state was again subdivided into three different districts by 2 Stat. 156.
In both instances, these districts, unlike those with geographic designations that existed in other states, were titled by the names of the cities in which the courts sat. After the first division, they were styled the District of Edenton, the District of New Bern, and the District of Wilmington; after the second division, they were styled the District of Albemarle, the District of Cape Fear, and the District of Pamptico. However, in both instances, only one judge was authorized to serve all three districts, causing them to effectively operate as a single district.The latter combination was occasionally referred to by the cumbersome title of the United States District Court for the Albemarle, Cape Fear & Pamptico Districts of North Carolina.
On June 4, 1872, North Carolina was re-divided into two Districts, Eastern and Western, by 17 Stat. 215. The presiding judge of the District of North Carolina, George Washington Brooks, was then reassigned to preside over only the Eastern District. The Middle District was created from portions of the Eastern and Western Districts on March 2, 1927, by 44 Stat. 1339.
On July 6, 2021, under 135 Stat. 299, Hoke, Moore, Scotland, and Richmond counties were transferred into the Eastern District from the Western District to end the previous situation where Fort Bragg was covered by two different districts.
As of January 2021 [update] :
|#||Title||Judge||Duty station||Born||Term of service||Appointed by|
|16||Chief Judge||Richard E. Myers II||Wilmington||1967||2019–present||2021–present||—||Trump|
|12||District Judge||Terrence Boyle||Elizabeth City||1945||1984–present||2018–2021|
|14||District Judge||Louise Flanagan||New Bern||1962||2003–present||2004–2011||—||G.W. Bush|
|15||District Judge||James C. Dever III||Raleigh||1962||2005–present||2011–2018||—||G.W. Bush|
|10||Senior Judge||William Earl Britt||Raleigh||1932||1980–1997||1983–1990||1997–present||Carter|
|13||Senior Judge||Malcolm Jones Howard||Greenville||1939||1988–2005||—||2005–present||Reagan|
|#||Judge||State||Born–died||Active service||Chief Judge||Senior status||Appointed by||Reason for|
|1||George Washington Brooks||NC||1821–1882||1872–1882||—||—||A. Johnson/Operation of law||death|
|2||Augustus Sherrill Seymour||NC||1836–1897||1882–1897||—||—||Arthur||death|
|3||Thomas Richard Purnell||NC||1847–1908||1897–1908||—||—||McKinley||death|
|4||Henry G. Connor||NC||1852–1924||1908–1924||—||—||Taft||death|
|5||Isaac Melson Meekins||NC||1875–1946||1925–1945||—||1945–1946||Coolidge||death|
|7||Algernon Lee Butler||NC||1905–1978||1959–1975||1961–1975||1975–1978||Eisenhower||death|
|8||John Davis Larkins Jr.||NC||1909–1990||1961–1979||1975–1979||1979–1990||Kennedy||death|
|9||Franklin Taylor Dupree Jr.||NC||1913–1995||1970–1983||1979–1983||1983–1995||Nixon||death|
|11||James Carroll Fox||NC||1928–2019||1982–2001||1990–1997||2001–2019||Reagan||death|
Chief judges have administrative responsibilities with respect to their district court. Unlike the Supreme Court, where one justice is specifically nominated to be chief, the office of chief judge rotates among the district court judges. To be chief, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as chief judge. A vacancy is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The chief judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position.
When the office was created in 1948, the chief judge was the longest-serving judge who had not elected to retire on what has since 1958 been known as senior status or declined to serve as chief judge. After August 6, 1959, judges could not become or remain chief after turning 70 years old. The current rules have been in operation since October 1, 1982.
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The United States District Court for the Middle District of North Carolina is a United States district court with jurisdiction over 24 counties in the center of North Carolina. It consists of five divisions with a headquarters in Greensboro, North Carolina.
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John Sitgreaves was a delegate to the Congress of the Confederation, a United States Attorney for the District of North Carolina and a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of North Carolina, the United States District Court for the Edenton, New Bern & Wilmington Districts of North Carolina and the United States District Court for the Albemarle, Cape Fear & Pamptico Districts of North Carolina.
Barrett v. United States, 169 U.S. 218 (1898), was a case in which the Supreme Court of the United States held that South Carolina had never effectively been subdivided into separate judicial districts. Therefore, it was held, a criminal defendant allegedly tried in one district for a crime committed in the other had in fact been permissibly been tried in a separate division of a single district.
Michael Francis Easley Jr. is an American lawyer who is the United States Attorney for the Eastern District of North Carolina. He is the son of former North Carolina Governor Mike Easley and former North Carolina First Lady Mary P. Easley.