Craven County, North Carolina

Last updated
Craven County, North Carolina
New Bern City Hall.jpg
Craven county seal nc.gif
Seal
Map of North Carolina highlighting Craven County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of North Carolina
Map of USA NC.svg
North Carolina's location within the U.S.
Founded1739
Named for William, Earl of Craven
Seat New Bern
Largest cityNew Bern
Area
  Total774 sq mi (2,005 km2)
  Land709 sq mi (1,836 km2)
  Water65 sq mi (168 km2), 8.4%
Population
  (2010)103,505
  Density146/sq mi (56/km2)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Eastern: UTC−5/−4
Website www.cravencounty.com

Craven County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2010 Census, the population was 103,505. [1] Its county seat is New Bern. [2] The county was created in 1705 as Archdale Precinct from the now-extinct Bath County. It was renamed Craven Precinct in 1712 and gained county status in 1739. [3] [4] It is named for William, Earl of Craven, who lived from 1606-1697.

County (United States) Subdivision used by most states in the United States of America

In the United States, a county is an administrative or political subdivision of a state that consists of a geographic region with specific boundaries and usually some level of governmental authority. The term "county" is used in 48 U.S. states, while Louisiana and Alaska have functionally equivalent subdivisions called parishes and boroughs, respectively.

North Carolina State of the United States of America

North Carolina is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States. North Carolina is the 28th largest and 9th-most populous of the 50 United States. North Carolina is bordered by Virginia to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the east, Georgia and South Carolina to the south, and Tennessee to the west. Raleigh is the state's capital and Charlotte is its largest city. The Charlotte metropolitan area, with an estimated population of 2,569,213 in 2018, is the most populous metropolitan area in North Carolina and the 23rd-most populous in the United States and the largest banking center in the nation after New York City. North Carolina's second largest metropolitan area is the Research Triangle, which, with an estimated population of 2,238,312 in 2018, is home to the largest research park in the United States.

2010 United States Census 23rd national census of the United States, taken in 2010

The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010. The census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired. The population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000.

Contents

Craven County is part of the New Bern, NC, Metropolitan Statistical Area.

New Bern Metropolitan Statistical Area

The New Bern Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the United States Census Bureau, is an area consisting of three counties in the Inner Banks region of eastern North Carolina, anchored by the city of New Bern. The designation of the area was changed from Micropolitan to Metropolitan in 2013.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 774 square miles (2,000 km2), of which 709 square miles (1,840 km2) is land and 65 square miles (170 km2) (8.4%) is water. [5]

National protected area

Major highways

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1790 10,474
1800 10,245−2.2%
1810 12,67623.7%
1820 13,3945.7%
1830 13,7342.5%
1840 13,438−2.2%
1850 14,7099.5%
1860 16,26810.6%
1870 20,51626.1%
1880 19,729−3.8%
1890 20,5334.1%
1900 24,16017.7%
1910 25,5945.9%
1920 29,04813.5%
1930 30,6655.6%
1940 31,2982.1%
1950 48,82356.0%
1960 58,77320.4%
1970 62,5546.4%
1980 71,04313.6%
1990 81,61314.9%
2000 91,43612.0%
2010 103,50513.2%
Est. 2017102,578 [6] −0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census [7]
1790-1960 [8] 1900-1990 [9]
1990-2000 [10] 2010-2013 [1]

As of the census [11] of 2000, there were 91,436 people, 34,582 households, and 25,071 families residing in the county. The population density was 129 people per square mile (50/km²). There were 38,150 housing units at an average density of 54 per square mile (21/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 69.94% White, 25.12% Black or African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.99% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 1.78% from other races, and 1.68% from two or more races. 4.02% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Census Acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population

A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. This term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common censuses include agriculture, business, and traffic censuses. The United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory, simultaneity and defined periodicity", and recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations also cover census topics to be collected, official definitions, classifications and other useful information to co-ordinate international practice.

Population density A measurement of population numbers per unit area or volume

Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and most of the time to humans. It is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square.

There were 34,582 households out of which 33.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.80% were married couples living together, 12.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.50% were non-families. 23.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.93.

Marriage Social union or legal contract between people called spouses that creates kinship

Marriage, also called matrimony or wedlock, is a culturally recognised union between people, called spouses, that establishes rights and obligations between them, as well as between them and their children, and between them and their in-laws. The definition of marriage varies around the world not only between cultures and between religions, but also throughout the history of any given culture and religion, evolving to both expand and constrict in who and what is encompassed, but typically it is principally an institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually sexual, are acknowledged or sanctioned. In some cultures, marriage is recommended or considered to be compulsory before pursuing any sexual activity. When defined broadly, marriage is considered a cultural universal. Article 16 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights declares that "Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion, have the right to marry and to found a family. They are entitled to equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at its dissolution. Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full consent of the intending spouses."

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.60% under the age of 18, 12.80% from 18 to 24, 27.90% from 25 to 44, 21.20% from 45 to 64, and 13.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 101.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,966, and the median income for a family was $42,574. Males had a median income of $28,163 versus $21,412 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,423. About 9.90% of families and 13.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.50% of those under age 18 and 11.00% of those age 65 or over.

Per capita income mean income of the people in an economic unit such as a country or city

Per capita income (PCI) or average income measures the average income earned per person in a given area in a specified year. It is calculated by dividing the area's total income by its total population.

Communities

Map of Craven County, North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels Map of Craven County North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels.PNG
Map of Craven County, North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels

Cities

Towns

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

Politics, law and government

Craven is a typical “Solid South” county in its presidential voting patterns. It was solidly Democratic until the 1960s: in five elections from 1932 to 1948 the Republican Party did not reach fifteen percent of the vote, and only in 1928 when a large anti-Catholic vote was cast against Al Smith did the GOP reach twenty percent between at least 1912 and 1948. The national Democratic party’s support for the Civil Rights Movement caused its white electorate to defect to George Wallace’s American Independent campaign in 1968. After that, Craven has become a strongly Republican county. The last Democrat to carry Craven County was Jimmy Carter in 1976.

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results [12]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 59.0%27,73137.5% 17,6303.5% 1,640
2012 58.3%26,92840.6% 18,7631.0% 479
2008 55.8%24,90143.4% 19,3520.8% 345
2004 62.4%23,57537.1% 14,0190.4% 162
2000 61.0%19,49438.2% 12,2130.9% 278
1996 52.7%13,26441.0% 10,3176.4% 1,610
1992 45.8%11,57539.5% 9,99814.7% 3,714
1988 62.1%12,05737.7% 7,3130.2% 47
1984 64.0%12,89335.7% 7,1860.3% 55
1980 51.0%8,55446.4% 7,7812.7% 448
1976 43.4% 5,88155.8%7,5530.8% 109
1972 78.7%9,37220.0% 2,3841.2% 147
1968 21.8% 2,99130.9% 4,24047.4%6,509
1964 38.7% 4,69161.3%7,422
1960 34.0% 3,68066.1%7,158
1956 31.9% 2,95668.1%6,317
1952 31.7% 2,82268.3%6,092
1948 11.9% 74580.3%5,0397.9% 494
1944 14.5% 82685.5%4,872
1940 11.3% 62688.7%4,916
1936 7.6% 45392.4%5,543
1932 9.6% 46690.0%4,3750.4% 19
1928 47.3% 2,23752.7%2,494
1924 9.8% 32588.9%2,9421.3% 44
1920 17.6% 73182.4%3,413
1916 23.3% 54276.7%1,780
1912 3.8% 7987.1%1,8199.1% 190

Craven County is a member of the regional Eastern Carolina Council of Governments.

See also

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Brices Creek, North Carolina Census-designated place in North Carolina, United States

Brices Creek is an unincorporated area and census-designated place (CDP) in Craven County, North Carolina, United States. The population was 3,073 at the 2010 census. It is part of the New Bern, North Carolina Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Fairfield Harbour, North Carolina Census-designated place in North Carolina, United States

Fairfield Harbour is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in Craven County, North Carolina, United States. The population was 2,952 at the 2010 census, up from 1,983 at the 2000 census. It is part of the New Bern, North Carolina Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Havelock, North Carolina City in North Carolina, United States

Havelock is a city in Craven County, North Carolina, United States. The population was 20,735 at the 2010 census. The city is home to Marine Corps Air Station Cherry Point, the world's largest Marine Corps air station, and home to the 2nd Marine Aircraft Wing. The city is also the home of Havelock High School, who have won the NCHSAA 3A State Championship in football four times.

James City, North Carolina Census-designated place in North Carolina, United States

James City is an unincorporated area and census-designated place (CDP) in Craven County, North Carolina, United States. The population was 5,899 at the 2010 census. It is part of the New Bern, North Carolina Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Neuse Forest, North Carolina Census-designated place in North Carolina, United States

Neuse Forest is a census-designated place (CDP) in Craven County, North Carolina, United States. The population was 2,005 at the 2010 census. It is part of the New Bern, North Carolina Micropolitan Statistical Area.

River Bend, North Carolina Town in North Carolina, United States

River Bend is a town in Craven County, North Carolina, United States. The population was 3,119 as of the 2010 Census. It is part of the New Bern, North Carolina Micropolitan Statistical Area.

References

  1. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 18, 2013.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. "North Carolina: Individual County Chronologies". North Carolina Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2009. Retrieved January 22, 2015.
  4. "Craven County". NCpedia. State Library of North Carolina. January 1, 2006. Retrieved January 22, 2015.
  5. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on January 12, 2015. Retrieved January 13, 2015.
  6. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  7. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved January 13, 2015.
  8. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 13, 2015.
  9. Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 13, 2015.
  10. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved January 13, 2015.
  11. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  12. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-03-15.

Further reading

Coordinates: 35°6′33″N77°4′9″W / 35.10917°N 77.06917°W / 35.10917; -77.06917