Davidson County, North Carolina

Last updated
Davidson County
Davidson County NC Courthouse.jpg
Davidson County Courthouse in Lexington
Davidson County nc seal.jpg
Seal
Map of North Carolina highlighting Davidson County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of North Carolina
North Carolina in United States.svg
North Carolina's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 35°47′N80°13′W / 35.79°N 80.21°W / 35.79; -80.21
Country United States
State Flag of North Carolina.svg  North Carolina
Founded1822
Named for William Lee Davidson
Seat Lexington
Largest city Thomasville
Area
  Total567 sq mi (1,470 km2)
  Land553 sq mi (1,430 km2)
  Water14 sq mi (40 km2)  2.5%%
Population
  Estimate 
(2018)
166,614
  Density295/sq mi (114/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 13th
Website www.co.davidson.nc.us

Davidson County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2010 census, the population was 162,878. [1] Its county seat is Lexington, [2] and its largest city is Thomasville.

County (United States) Subdivision used by most states in the United States of America

In the United States, a county is an administrative or political subdivision of a state that consists of a geographic region with specific boundaries and usually some level of governmental authority. The term "county" is used in 48 U.S. states, while Louisiana and Alaska have functionally equivalent subdivisions called parishes and boroughs, respectively.

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders.

North Carolina U.S. state in the United States

North Carolina is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States. North Carolina is the 28th largest and 9th-most populous of the 50 United States. It is bordered by Virginia to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the east, Georgia and South Carolina to the south, and Tennessee to the west. Raleigh is the state's capital and Charlotte is its largest city. The Charlotte metropolitan area, with an estimated population of 2,569,213 in 2018, is the most populous metropolitan area in North Carolina, the 23rd-most populous in the United States, and the largest banking center in the nation after New York City. North Carolina's second largest metropolitan area is the Raleigh metropolitan area, with an estimated population of 1,337,331 in 2018, and is home to the largest research park in the United States, Research Triangle Park, in Chapel Hill, Durham, and Raleigh.

Contents

Davidson County is included in the Winston-Salem, NC Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Greensboro-Winston-Salem-High Point, NC Combined Statistical Area.

Winston-Salem, North Carolina City in North Carolina, United States

Winston-Salem is a city in and the county seat of Forsyth County, North Carolina, United States. With a 2018 estimated population of 246,328 it is the second largest municipality in the Piedmont Triad region, the fifth most populous city in North Carolina, the third largest urban area in North Carolina, and the eighty-ninth most populous city in the United States. With a metropolitan population of 676,673 it is the fourth largest metropolitan area in North Carolina. Winston-Salem is home to the tallest office building in the region, 100 North Main Street, formerly the Wachovia Building and now known locally as the Wells Fargo Center.

Greensboro, North Carolina City in North Carolina, United States

Greensboro is a city in the U.S. state of North Carolina. It is the 3rd-most populous city in North Carolina, the 68th-most populous city in the United States, and the county seat and largest city in Guilford County and the surrounding Piedmont Triad metropolitan region. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 269,666, and in 2015 the estimated population was 285,342. Three major interstate highways in the Piedmont region of central North Carolina were built to intersect at this city.

High Point, North Carolina City in North Carolina, United States

High Point is a city located in the Piedmont Triad region of the U.S. state of North Carolina. Most of the city is located in Guilford County, with portions spilling into neighboring Randolph, Davidson, and Forsyth counties. High Point is North Carolina's only city that extends into four counties. As of the 2010 census the city had a total population of 104,371, with an estimated population of 108,629 in 2014. High Point is currently the ninth-largest municipality in North Carolina, and the 259th largest city in America.

Parts of Davidson County are in the Yadkin Valley wine region.

History

The original North Carolina county of this name was created in 1786 what was then the far western portion of North Carolina, with its county seat at Nashville and a territory covering most of what is now Middle Tennessee. When Tennessee was established as a separate state in 1796, this county became Davidson County, Tennessee.

Middle Tennessee is a distinct portion of the state of Tennessee, delineated according to state law as the 41 counties in the Middle Grand Division of Tennessee.

Davidson County, Tennessee U.S. county in Tennessee, United States

Davidson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 626,681, making it the second-most populous county in Tennessee. Its county seat is Nashville, the state capital.

The current North Carolina county was formed in 1822 from Rowan County. It was named after Brigadier General William Lee Davidson, an American Revolutionary War general killed at the Battle of Cowan's Ford on the Catawba River in 1781. [3] [4]

Rowan County, North Carolina U.S. county in North Carolina, United States

Rowan County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina and formed in 1753 as part of the British Province of North Carolina. While originally a vast territory with unlimited western boundaries, its size was reduced to 524 square miles after several counties were formed from Rowan County in the 18th and 19th century. As of the 2010 census, the population was 138,428. Its county seat, Salisbury, is the oldest continuously populated town in western North Carolina. Rowan County is located northeast of Charlotte and it is considered part of the metropolitan area.

William Lee Davidson American revolution militia general

William Lee Davidson (1746–1781) was an officer in the North Carolina militia and Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. He was born in Pennsylvania and moved with his family to Rowan County, North Carolina in 1750. He was killed at the Battle of Cowan's Ford.

American Revolutionary War War between Great Britain and the Thirteen Colonies, which won independence as the United States of America

The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the American War of Independence, was an 18th-century war between Great Britain and its Thirteen Colonies which declared independence as the United States of America.

In 1911, a new county called Piedmont County was proposed, with High Point as its county seat, to be created from Guilford, Davidson and Randolph Counties. Many people appeared at the Guilford County courthouse to oppose the plan, vowing to go to the state legislature to protest. The state legislature voted down the plan in February 1911. [5] [6]

Guilford County, North Carolina U.S. county in North Carolina, United States

Guilford County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2010 census, the population was 488,406, making it the third-most populous county in North Carolina. Its seat is Greensboro. Since 1938, an additional county court has been located in High Point, North Carolina. The county was formed in 1771.

Randolph County, North Carolina U.S. county in North Carolina, United States

Randolph County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2010 census, the population was 141,752. Its county seat is Asheboro.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 567 square miles (1,470 km2), of which 553 square miles (1,430 km2) is land and 14 square miles (36 km2) (2.5%) is water. [7]

Davidson County is located entirely within the Piedmont region of central North Carolina. The Piedmont consists of gently rolling terrain frequently broken by hills or shallow valleys formed by rivers and streams. An exception to this terrain are the Uwharrie Mountains in the county's western and southwestern sections. The Uwharries are the oldest mountain range in North America,[ citation needed ] and at one time they rose to nearly 20,000 feet (6,100 m) above sea level. However, time has worn them down to little more than high hills; yet due to the relative flatness of the surrounding countryside they still rise from 250 to 500 feet (150 m) above their base. The highest point in the Uwharries - and the highest point in Davidson County - is High Rock Mountain in the county's southwestern corner. It has an elevation of 1,119 feet (341 m) above sea level.

National protected area

Major highways

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1830 13,389
1840 14,6069.1%
1850 15,3204.9%
1860 16,6018.4%
1870 17,4144.9%
1880 20,33316.8%
1890 21,7026.7%
1900 23,4037.8%
1910 29,40425.6%
1920 35,20119.7%
1930 47,86536.0%
1940 53,37711.5%
1950 62,24416.6%
1960 79,49327.7%
1970 95,62720.3%
1980 113,16218.3%
1990 126,67711.9%
2000 147,24616.2%
2010 162,87810.6%
Est. 2018166,614 [8] 2.3%
U.S. Decennial Census [9]
1790-1960 [10] 1900-1990 [11]
1990-2000 [12] 2010-2013 [1]
Arts United of Davidson County Lexington NC Arts United of Davidson County.jpg
Arts United of Davidson County

As of the census [13] of 2010, there were 149,331 people, 58,156 households, and 42,512 families residing in the county. The population density was 267 people per square mile (103/km²). There were 62,432 housing units at an average density of 113 per square mile (44/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 84.05% White, 11.14% Black or African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.82% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.66% from other races, and 0.94% from two or more races. 3.24% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 58,156 households out of which 32.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.00% were married couples living together, 10.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.90% were non-families. 22.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.30% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 31.20% from 25 to 44, 24.10% from 45 to 64, and 12.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 96.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,640, and the median income for a family was $46,241. Males had a median income of $31,287 versus $23,622 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,703. About 7.00% of families and 10.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.30% of people under age 18 and 12.10% of those age 65 or over.

Davidson County Governmental Center in Lexington Davidson County NC Governmental Center.jpg
Davidson County Governmental Center in Lexington

Communities

Map of Davidson County, North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels Map of Davidson County North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels.PNG
Map of Davidson County, North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels

Cities

Towns

Townships

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Politics, law and government

Davidson is a powerfully Republican county in presidential elections. No Democratic presidential nominee has ever carried the county since Franklin D. Roosevelt defeated Thomas E. Dewey by a mere ten votes out of almost nineteen thousand in 1944, and indeed the last Democrat to garner one-third of the county’s ballots has been Jimmy Carter in 1980.

Presidential election results
Presidential election results [14]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 72.6%54,31724.2% 18,1093.3% 2,430
2012 69.6%49,38329.1% 20,6241.3% 928
2008 66.2%45,41932.7% 22,4331.1% 729
2004 70.7%42,07528.9% 17,1910.4% 230
2000 68.0%35,38731.1% 16,1990.9% 461
1996 58.8%24,79732.2% 13,5939.0% 3,817
1992 50.0%24,86933.1% 16,46216.9% 8,394
1988 68.1%28,37431.7% 13,2150.2% 73
1984 72.6%30,47127.3% 11,4690.2% 61
1980 59.6%22,79438.1% 14,5792.3% 896
1976 51.1%18,81348.5% 17,8590.5% 183
1972 74.8%24,87523.1% 7,6912.1% 696
1968 46.6%16,67821.2% 7,59432.2% 11,544
1964 55.7%17,29244.3% 13,735
1960 58.9%18,79741.1% 13,118
1956 61.8%16,17838.2% 9,987
1952 56.7%14,29943.3% 10,931
1948 49.3%8,53946.2% 7,9914.5% 784
1944 50.0% 9,44550.0%9,455
1940 38.6% 6,97861.4%11,084
1936 41.4% 7,65658.6%10,844
1932 39.0% 6,05160.0%9,2921.0% 157
1928 63.2%8,96036.8% 5,220
1924 48.7% 6,22750.9%6,5070.4% 56
1920 55.4%5,96044.6% 4,797
1916 51.0%2,80148.7% 2,6750.2% 12
1912 29.3% 1,50948.2%2,48422.6% 1,165

Davidson County is a member of the regional Piedmont Triad Council of Governments.

Davidson County gained national attention when Gerald Hege, Sheriff from 1994–2003, became a minor celebrity for his unconventional prisoner treatment methods.

Education

Davidson County is served by Davidson County Schools; however, the cities of Thomasville and Lexington have their own school districts. Davidson County Schools is one of the county's largest employers.

Davidson County is also served by Davidson County Community College, a comprehensive community college that is a member school of the North Carolina Community College System. Davidson County Community College was chartered in 1958 as an Industrial Education Center designed to provide adults with the education and skills needed to move from an agricultural to a manufacturing-based economy.

In 1965, the institution was chartered as Davidson County Community College. The Associate in Arts and Associate in Science degrees were added to the existing Associate in Applied Science degree, Diploma, and Certificate programs. University transfer courses were added in 1966. In 1997, the College participated in the Comprehensive Articulation Agreement (CAA) that allows college transfer students to move easily to the 16 UNC schools, as well as many independent college and universities. Presently the Davidson Campus has grown to 11 buildings and two emergency services training facilities on approximately 97 acres (390,000 m2).

Attractions

Old Davidson County Courthouse in Lexington, NC Old Davidson County Courthouse 1.png
Old Davidson County Courthouse in Lexington, NC

Festivals

One of the county's most famous attractions is the yearly Lexington Barbecue Festival, held in the city of Lexington during the month of October, bringing in over 100,000 visitors from all over the southeastern U.S. There is also a yearly Davidson County Agriculture Fair held in September. Thomasville hosts an annual "Everybody's Day Festival", [15] the longest running festival in the state. The "Southeastern Old Threshers Reunion" [16] is held every year at the Denton Farmpark.

Landmarks

In addition, there are many year-long attractions in Davidson County. Some of which include Historic Uptown Lexington, which consists of the Davidson County Historical Museum located in the old courthouse and Boone's Cave Park (where legend says an adolescent Daniel Boone hid from Indians). Other attractions include Denton Farm Park, Walter Johnson Camp and Conference Center, and the North Carolina Vietnam Veterans Memorial. The Big Chair in Thomasville is also a major landmark.

Art

Pigs on Parade during the Lexington Barbecue Festival Lexington Barbecue Festival - more pigs.jpg
Pigs on Parade during the Lexington Barbecue Festival

Pigs in the City is an art initiative held each summer in Lexington, and attracts tens of thousands of visitors.

In 2005, Davidson County Community College and the City of Thomasville formed a partnership for the creation of the Thomasville Artisan Center. This art studio allowed the College to reinvigorate its Associate in Fine Arts Degree and offer both university transfer classes as well as adult community interest classes in painting, drawing, and sculpting. The Artisan Center is part of the College's Thomasville Education Center complex which is part of the College's outreach to the community. The College has a second campus in Davie County in the city of Mocksville, as well as the Uptown Lexington Education Center, located within a few blocks of the Arts Center of Davidson County and the historic Court House.

Barbecue

A bottle of Classic White Table Wine by Childress Vineyards Childressvineyards.jpg
A bottle of Classic White Table Wine by Childress Vineyards

One of the two major styles of North Carolina barbecue originated in Lexington, the county seat and home to the annual Lexington Barbecue Festival. Therefore, many Lexington-style barbecue restaurants are found throughout the county. Some include Lexington BBQ ("Honeymonk's"), The BBQ Center, Jimmy's (closed and torn down in 2016), Whitley's BBQ Restaurant, Smokey Joe's, Backcountry, Speedy's, Smiley's, Tarheel Q, Stamey's, Kerley's, Welcome BBQ, and Cook's.

Richard Childress

Davidson County is home to many supporting race fans and the famous Richard Childress. Here you will find his personal Childress Vineyards and Richard Childress Racing Museum.

The Big Chair

Finally, Davidson County is known for its oversized chair, "The Big Chair." This chair is located in central Thomasville and is a symbol of Davidson County's furniture industry.

High Rock Lake

High Rock Lake Abbottscreek.jpg
High Rock Lake

High Rock Lake is the northernmost of the Uwharrie Lakes and the second largest lake in North Carolina behind Lake Norman. Its water surface covers 15,180 acres (61.4 km2) and there are 365 miles (587 km) of shoreline. It begins at the confluence of the Yadkin River and the South Yadkin River. It has been the host of the Bassmaster Classic in 1994, 1995 and 1998. [17] and is the site of frequent other local angling competitions. Lexington is just north of the Abbotts Creek section of the lake.

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

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Thomasville, North Carolina City in North Carolina, United States

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Tyro is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) located 7 miles (11 km) west of Lexington and 24 miles (39 km) south of Winston-Salem in Davidson County, North Carolina, United States. As of the 2010 census the community had a population of 3,879.

The Caraway Mountains are a mountain range located in western Randolph County and a section of eastern Davidson County, North Carolina. The mountains are located between the cities of Asheboro and Lexington and are bisected by US Highway 64. The mountains are known for their rugged and steep terrain and rise to over 1,000 feet. Typically the Caraways are said to be a part of the Uwharrie Mountains and make up the northern extent of this range. They extend from roughly south of High Point, NC and transition into the Uwharries, stretching roughly 30 miles. The range is only about 10 miles wide. The range takes its name from Caraway Creek, which was named after a Native American tribe that lived in the area before European settlement. The area was once a highly used Indian trading area and many early settlers noted that the Indian trading paths tended to "disappear" into the mountains. Prominent peaks in the area are Caraway Mountain, Back Creek Mountain, Daves Mountain, Ridges Mountain, and Mount Shepherd, the latter at 1,150 feet being the highest point in Randolph County. Its foothills are in Chatham County.

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Lexington Barbecue Festival

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Yadkin–Pee Dee River Basin

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References

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  8. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved July 22, 2019.
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  14. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-03-15.
  15. "Everybody's Day | Thomasville, North Carolina Chamber of Commerce". www.everybodysday.com. Retrieved 2018-03-15.
  16. "Farmpark".
  17. Camping in Piedmont, North Carolina Archived 2005-02-14 at the Wayback Machine
  18. "Max Lanier History and Photos".

Coordinates: 35°47′N80°13′W / 35.79°N 80.21°W / 35.79; -80.21