Rockingham County, North Carolina

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Rockingham County
County of Rockingham
Rockingham County Courthouse in Wentworth.jpg
Rockingham County Seal.png
Rockingham County Logo.png
Motto(s): 
"You're in a good place"
Map of North Carolina highlighting Rockingham County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of North Carolina
North Carolina in United States.svg
North Carolina's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 36°24′N79°47′W / 36.4°N 79.78°W / 36.4; -79.78
CountryFlag of the United States.svg United States
StateFlag of North Carolina.svg  North Carolina
Founded1785
Named for Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham
Seat Wentworth
Largest city Eden
Area
  Total573 sq mi (1,480 km2)
  Land566 sq mi (1,470 km2)
  Water7.2 sq mi (19 km2)  1.2%
Population
  Estimate 
(2021)
91,266
  Density161.2/sq mi (62.2/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 6th
Website www.co.rockingham.nc.us

Rockingham County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2020 census, the population was 91,096. [1] Its county seat is Wentworth. [2] The county is known as "North Carolina's North Star."

Contents

Rockingham County is included in the Greensboro-High Point, NC Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Historical marker for Searcy & Moore gun factory, Hogans Creek, Rockingham County Confederate Arms Factory Rockingham County North Carolina historical sign.JPG
Historical marker for Searcy & Moore gun factory, Hogans Creek, Rockingham County

Settling and founding

Between 1728 and 1733, the Dan River Valley was surveyed by William Byrd II. He soon thereafter purchased 20,000 acres of the land, attracting prospective farmers. The region's first western settlers came from Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Maryland, and Virginia and were of German, English, Scottish, and Irish descent. [3] The county was officially formed in 1785 from Guilford County. It was named for Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham, British Prime Minister from 1765 to 1766 and again in 1782. Rockingham's administration was dominated by the American issue. Rockingham wished for repeal of the Stamp Act 1765 and won a Commons vote on the repeal resolution by 275 to 167 in 1766. [4] This made him a popular figure among British colonials in America, who would later become known as "Americans". People in North Carolina were still fond of him in the years following the independence of the United States.

Development of industry

By the early 19th century a network of grist mills had been established along the Dan and Smith rivers. The textile industry was founded in 1813 with construction of the first cotton mill at the junction of the Dan and Smith rivers. Founded by John M. Morehead, it was one of the first cotton mills in the state. [3] The county was the location for the Searcy & Moore arms factory, which was at Hogans Creek, a small village 20 miles northwest of Greensboro. The factory produced firearms called the "N.C. Rifle" for the Confederate States of America forces during the Civil War. Owned by Alexander M. Searcy and Dr. J. S. Moore, the small factory made hundreds of rifles for the South between 1862 and 1863. The town of Stoneville was incorporated in 1877. Francis Henry Fries later establish several mill sites in the region, with the construction of the Mayo Mills plant in 1895 in the village of Mayodan and another site in what became the town of Avalon in 1899. [3] [5] [6] In 1911 a large fire destroyed the Avalon Mill. [7] The town was soon thereafter abandoned and its workers were transferred to Mayodan, while some of the other residents relocated to Stoneville. The 60 or so Avalon company houses were put on logs and rolled by mules and horses to Mayodan, where some still stand. [3] The only remains in Avalon are the mill's powerhouse, railroad tracks, and the dam works. The Mayo Mill, which was later called the Washington Mills-Mayodan Plant, closed in 1999. [5]

Geography

Rockingham County, North Carolina
Interactive map of Rockingham County

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 573 square miles (1,480 km2), of which 566 square miles (1,470 km2) is land and 7.2 square miles (19 km2) (1.2%) is water. [8]

The Dan River and Haw River drain the county.

Rockingham County has a municipal airport eight miles (13 km) northwest of Reidsville called Shiloh Airport, which has a paved 5,000-foot (1,500 m) runway, a fixed-base operation, and hangar space.

State and local protected areas

Major water bodies

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Major infrastructure

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1790 6,211
1800 8,27733.3%
1810 10,31624.6%
1820 11,47411.2%
1830 12,93512.7%
1840 13,4423.9%
1850 14,4957.8%
1860 16,74615.5%
1870 15,708−6.2%
1880 21,74438.4%
1890 25,36316.6%
1900 33,16330.8%
1910 36,4429.9%
1920 44,14921.1%
1930 51,08315.7%
1940 57,89813.3%
1950 64,81611.9%
1960 69,6297.4%
1970 72,4024.0%
1980 83,42615.2%
1990 86,0643.2%
2000 91,9286.8%
2010 93,6431.9%
2020 91,096−2.7%
2021 (est.)91,266 [11] 0.2%
U.S. Decennial Census [12]
1790–1960 [13] 1900–1990 [14]
1990–2000 [15] 2010–2013 [16]
2020 [17]

2020 census

Rockingham County racial composition [18]
RaceNumberPercentage
White (non-Hispanic)64,21870.49%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic)16,61118.23%
Native American 2820.31%
Asian 4930.54%
Pacific Islander 290.03%
Other/Mixed 3,3773.71%
Hispanic or Latino 6,0866.68%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 91,096 people, 38,462 households, and 25,717 families residing in the county.

2000 census

As of the census [19] of 2000, there were 91,928 people, 36,989 households, and 26,188 families residing in the county. The population density was 162 people per square mile (63/km2). There were 40,208 housing units at an average density of 71 per square mile (27/km2). The racial identities of the county were 77.33% White, 19.57% Black or African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.69% from other race identities, and 0.83% from two or more races. 3.07% of the population were Hispanic or Latino identified of any race specific phenotype.

There were 36,989 households, out of which 30.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.60% were married couples living together, 12.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.20% were non-families. 25.70% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 23.40% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 29.40% from 25 to 44, 24.80% from 45 to 64, and 14.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 93.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,784, and the median income for a family was $40,821. Males had a median income of $30,479 versus $22,437 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,120. About 10.20% of families and 12.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.30% of those under age 18 and 15.50% of those age 65 or over.

Government and politics

Rockingham County is a member of the regional Piedmont Triad Council of Governments.

In 2011, the new Rockingham County Justice Center was opened. [20] The $47 million facility replaced a more than century-old courthouse in Rockingham County and includes courthouse, jail, and sheriff's office. The new facility is the first judicial center in the state of North Carolina seeking certification from the U.S. Green Building Council's LEED Green Building Rating System and is estimated to save over $5 million over a 40-year period. [21] The three-story building will be able to accommodate 359 employees and 300 inmates.

United States presidential election results for Rockingham County, North Carolina [22]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.%No.%No.%
2020 31,30165.47%15,99233.45%5161.08%
2016 26,83063.46%14,22833.65%1,2202.89%
2012 25,22760.04%16,35138.91%4421.05%
2008 23,89957.43%17,25541.47%4581.10%
2004 22,84061.09%14,43038.60%1180.32%
2000 18,97958.35%13,26040.76%2890.89%
1996 14,25549.22%12,09641.77%2,6089.01%
1992 12,67840.54%13,88044.39%4,71115.07%
1988 14,59155.77%11,55144.15%220.08%
1984 17,89562.70%10,60537.16%390.14%
1980 11,20547.64%11,70849.77%6092.59%
1976 9,36240.93%13,41358.65%960.42%
1972 14,51971.15%5,53027.10%3581.75%
1968 8,09533.46%6,77428.00%9,32438.54%
1964 9,06344.22%11,43255.78%00.00%
1960 9,45645.76%11,20754.24%00.00%
1956 8,99150.27%8,89649.73%00.00%
1952 6,88535.66%12,42364.34%00.00%
1948 2,93623.65%8,55368.89%9267.46%
1944 3,02425.67%8,75574.33%00.00%
1940 2,39817.49%11,31582.51%00.00%
1936 2,52218.16%11,36681.84%00.00%
1932 2,89626.89%7,79572.37%800.74%
1928 5,58562.08%3,41137.92%00.00%
1924 2,56636.03%4,46762.72%891.25%
1920 3,60544.44%4,50755.56%00.00%
1916 1,95745.80%2,31654.20%00.00%
1912 69420.05%1,93956.01%82923.95%


Attractions

Attractions in Rockingham County include the state parks of the Dan and Mayo rivers, near Mayodan; the historic downtown areas of Leaksville, Draper and Spray in Eden; the Chinqua-Penn Plantation in Reidsville; the Deep Springs Plantation in Stoneville, High Rock Farm in Williamsburg, Mulberry Island Plantation in Stoneville, and the historic Penn House, located in Reidsville. One of the most famous attractions of the Reidsville area is Lake Reidsville. Various historic shops are found in the county, as well.

The Museum & Archives of Rockingham County (the MARC) is the only county historical museum and is located in the Rockingham County Courthouse in Wentworth, the county seat since 1787. The museum features exhibits and artifacts related to Rockingham County history as well as including the restored historic 1816 Wright Tavern (also historically known as Reid House or Reid Hotel) opposite the museum and 1910 Old Jail next door.

Education

All public schools in Rockingham County are a part of Rockingham County Schools. The area includes government elementary, middle, and high schools including 25 different schools which include: The elementary are Bethany School, Moss Street, Central, Leaksville-Spray, Dillard, Monroeton School, Douglass, Draper, South End School, Lawsonville Avenue, Stoneville, Lincoln, Wentworth, Huntsville, Williamsburg, and a magnet school New Vision. The middle schools are Bethany Charter (Rockingham County's only charter school), Holmes, Rockingham County, Reidsville, and Western Rockingham. The high schools are Dalton L. McMichael High School, John Motley Morehead High School, Reidsville High School, and Rockingham County High School. There is also the S.C.O.R.E. Center. There are currently 10 School Board members with one other board member seat being vacant currently. [23] Other schools are Rockingham County Early College (for high school students only), and Rockingham Community College, located in Wentworth.

Communities

Map of Rockingham County, North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels Map of Rockingham County North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels.PNG
Map of Rockingham County, North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels

Cities

Towns

Townships

  • Huntsville
  • Madison
  • Mayo
  • New Bethel
  • Price
  • Reidsville
  • Ruffin
  • Stoneville
  • Wentworth
  • Williamsburg

Census-designated place

Unincorporated communities

See also

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Eden, North Carolina City in North Carolina, United States

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Reidsville, North Carolina City in North Carolina, United States

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Stoneville, North Carolina Town in North Carolina, United States

Stoneville is a town in Rockingham County, North Carolina, United States. Stoneville is part of the Greensboro–High Point metropolitan area of the Piedmont Triad.

Wentworth, North Carolina Town in North Carolina, United States

Wentworth is a town in Rockingham County, North Carolina, United States. The population was 2,646 at the 2020 census. Wentworth is the county seat of Rockingham County and is part of the Greensboro–High Point metropolitan area of the Piedmont Triad.

U.S. Route 311 Highway in the United States

U.S. Route 311 is a United States highway that runs for 62 mi (100 km) from Winston-Salem, North Carolina to near Danville, Virginia. It connects the cities of Winston-Salem, Madison, and Eden. The route runs northeast from Winston-Salem to Danville. By the numbering convention, it is an auxiliary route of US 11, however except for a brief period shortly after the route was established, it has not connected to its parent route.

Mayo River (Dan River tributary) Stream in North Carolina, USA

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U.S. Route 220 in North Carolina Highway in North Carolina

U.S. Route 220 is a north–south U.S. highway which travels from Rockingham, North Carolina to South Waverly, Pennsylvania. In the U.S. state of North Carolina, US 220 travels 123.4 miles (198.6 km) from an intersection with US 1 in Rockingham to the Virginia state line near Price, North Carolina. The highway is an important north-south route in Central North Carolina, connecting Rockingham, Asheboro, Greensboro, and Summerfield. US 220 runs concurrently with Interstate 73 from north of Rockingham to Greensboro, and from Summerfield to Stokesdale; while US 220 runs concurrently with I-74 from Rockingham to Randleman.

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Mayo River State Park (North Carolina)

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Avalon, North Carolina

Avalon was a town in Rockingham County, North Carolina, in the United States. It was centered around a textiles mill constructed by Francis Henry Fries at the end of the 19th century. In 1911 the mill burnt down. Most of the population moved their homes to Mayodan, North Carolina and the area was left abandoned.

J. J. Webster American politician, farmer, and businessman

James Jefferson Webster Sr. was an American businessman, farmer, and politician. He owned a dairy and tobacco farm, tobacco warehouses, a general store, and co-ran a car dealership in Rockingham County, North Carolina. A Democrat, Webster served as a Rockingham County commissioner for ten years. As a county commissioner, he played a role in the development of North Carolina Highway 135, which was posthumously named after him, and worked on the gubernatorial campaign of W. Kerr Scott.

Troublesome Creek is a 23.67 mi (38.09 km) long 3rd order tributary to the Haw River, in Rockingham County, North Carolina.

Candy Creek is a 3.10 mi (4.99 km) long 1st order tributary to the Haw River, in Rockingham County, North Carolina.

Benaja Creek is a 3.73 mi (6.00 km) long 2nd order tributary to the Haw River, in Rockingham County, North Carolina.

References

  1. "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Rockingham County, North Carolina". www.census.gov. Retrieved May 1, 2022.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. 1 2 3 4 Aheron, Piper (1997). From Avalon to Eden: A Postcard Tour of Rockingham County. Images of America (illustrated ed.). Arcadia Publishing. ISBN   9780752408248.
  4. Ross J. S. Hoffman, The Marquis. A Study of Lord Rockingham, 1730–1782 (New York: Fordham University Press, 1973), p. 113.
  5. 1 2 Evelyn D. Causey and Kathryn Gettings Smith (December 2004). "Washington Mills-Mayodan Plant" (PDF). National Register of Historic Places – Nomination and Inventory. North Carolina State Historic Preservation Office. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
  6. Battaglia, Danielle (June 14, 2015). "THE DEATH OF A TOWN: Avalon". Greensboro News & Record. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
  7. Graham, Nick (September 16, 2011). "The Avalon Mill Fire". DigitalNC.org. North Carolina Digital Heritage Center. Retrieved May 12, 2016.
  8. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on January 12, 2015. Retrieved January 19, 2015.
  9. 1 2 FAA Airport Form 5010 for SIF PDF . Federal Aviation Administration. Effective 11 February 2010.
  10. "Airport Information". Rockingham County / Shiloh Airport. Archived from the original on July 26, 2011. Retrieved March 3, 2010.
  11. "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Rockingham County, North Carolina". www.census.gov. Retrieved May 31, 2022.
  12. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 19, 2015.
  13. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 19, 2015.
  14. Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 19, 2015.
  15. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved January 19, 2015.
  16. "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 29, 2011. Retrieved October 29, 2013.
  17. "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Rockingham County, North Carolina". www.census.gov. Retrieved May 31, 2022.
  18. "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 21, 2021.
  19. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  20. Jonnelle Davis (June 19, 2011). "The new face of justice". Greensboro News & Record. Retrieved July 5, 2011.
  21. "Open House and Grand Opening to be Held on June 21st for New Rockingham County Justice Center". Rockingham County Office of Public Information. May 9, 2011. Archived from the original on May 11, 2011. Retrieved July 5, 2011.
  22. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 17, 2018.
  23. "Rockingham County Schools Board of Education Members". Rockingham County Schools. 2011. Retrieved July 5, 2011.[ permanent dead link ]

Coordinates: 36°24′N79°47′W / 36.40°N 79.78°W / 36.40; -79.78