|United States District Court for the Middle District of Pennsylvania|
|Location||Ronald Reagan Federal Building and Courthouse|
|Appeals to||Third Circuit|
|Established||March 2, 1901|
|Chief Judge||Matthew W. Brann|
|Officers of the court|
|U.S. Attorney||Bruce Brandler (acting)|
|U.S. Marshal||Martin John Pane|
The United States District Court for the Middle District of Pennsylvania (in case citations, M.D. Pa.) is a district level federal court with jurisdiction over approximately one half of Pennsylvania. The court was created in 1901 by subdividing the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania and the United States District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania. The court is under the jurisdiction of the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit (except for patent claims and claims against the U.S. government under the Tucker Act, which are appealed to the Federal Circuit).
Because Harrisburg, the state capital, is located within the district's jurisdiction, most suits against the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania are filed in the Middle District. Similarly, because York County Prison served as the largest Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) facility in the Northeast, the Middle District also adjudicated many immigration cases. The courts of appeal are now responsible for most judicial review of immigration decisions, bypassing the Middle District and other district courts.
Judge Matthew W. Brann is the Chief Judge for the Middle District of Pennsylvania; Martin John Pane is the United States Marshal for the Middle District of Pennsylvania.
The United States District Court for the District of Pennsylvania was one of the original 13 courts established by the Judiciary Act of 1789, 1 Stat. 73, on September 24, 1789. It was subdivided on April 20, 1818, by 3 Stat. 462, into the Eastern and Western Districts to be headquartered in Philadelphia and Pittsburgh, respectively. Portions of these districts were subsequently subdivided into the Middle District on March 2, 1901, by 31 Stat. 880.
As of August 1,2021 [update] :
|#||Title||Judge||Duty station||Born||Term of service||Appointed by|
|24||Chief Judge||Matthew W. Brann||Williamsport||1965||2012–present||2021–present||—||Obama|
|20||District Judge||Christopher C. Conner||Harrisburg||1957||2002–present||2013–2020||—||G.W. Bush|
|22||District Judge||Robert D. Mariani||Scranton||1950||2011–present||—||—||Obama|
|23||District Judge||Malachy E. Mannion||Scranton||1953||2012–present||—||—||Obama|
|25||District Judge||Jennifer P. Wilson||Harrisburg||1975||2019–present||—||—||Trump|
|12||Senior Judge||Sylvia H. Rambo||Harrisburg||1936||1979–2001||1992–1999||2001–present||Carter|
|18||Senior Judge||Yvette Kane||Harrisburg||1953||1998–2018||2006–2013||2018–present||Clinton|
|Seat||Prior Judge's Duty Station||Seat last held by||Vacancy reason||Date of vacancy||Nominee||Date of nomination|
|1||Harrisburg||John E. Jones III||Retirement||August 1, 2021||–||–|
|#||Judge||State||Born–died||Active service||Chief Judge||Senior status||Appointed by||Reason for|
|1||Robert Wodrow Archbald||PA||1848–1926||1901–1911||—||—||McKinley||elevation to 3d Cir.|
|2||Charles B. Witmer||PA||1862–1925||1911–1925||—||—||Taft||death|
|3||Albert Williams Johnson||PA||1872–1957||1925–1945||—||—||Coolidge||resignation|
|4||Albert Leisenring Watson||PA||1876–1960||1929–1955||1948–1955||1955–1960||Hoover||death|
|5||John W. Murphy||PA||1902–1962||1946–1962||1955–1962||—||Truman||death|
|6||Frederick Voris Follmer||PA||1885–1971||1946–1967||1962||1967–1971||Truman||death|
|7||Michael Henry Sheridan||PA||1912–1976||1961–1976||1962–1976||—||Kennedy||death|
|8||William Joseph Nealon Jr.||PA||1923–2018||1962–1989||1976–1989||1989–2018||Kennedy||death|
|9||Robert Dixon Herman||PA||1911–1990||1969–1981||—||1981–1990||Nixon||death|
|11||Richard Paul Conaboy||PA||1925–2018||1979–1992||1989–1992||1992–2018||Carter||death|
|13||William W. Caldwell||PA||1925–2019||1982–1994||—||1994–2019||Reagan||death|
|14||Edwin Michael Kosik||PA||1925–2019||1986–1996||—||1996–2019||Reagan||death|
|15||James Focht McClure Jr.||PA||1931–2010||1990–2001||—||2001–2010||G.H.W. Bush||death|
|16||Thomas I. Vanaskie||PA||1953–present||1994–2010||1999–2006||—||Clinton||elevation to 3d Cir.|
|17||A. Richard Caputo||PA||1938–2020||1997–2009||—||2009–2020||Clinton||death|
|19||James Martin Munley||PA||1936–2020||1998–2009||—||2009–2020||Clinton||death|
|21||John E. Jones III||PA||1955–present||2002–2021||2020–2021||—||G.W. Bush||retirement|
Chief judges have administrative responsibilities with respect to their district court. Unlike the Supreme Court, where one justice is specifically nominated to be chief, the office of chief judge rotates among the district court judges. To be chief, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as chief judge. A vacancy is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The chief judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position.
When the office was created in 1948, the chief judge was the longest-serving judge who had not elected to retire on what has since 1958 been known as senior status or declined to serve as chief judge. After August 6, 1959, judges could not become or remain chief after turning 70 years old. The current rules have been in operation since October 1, 1982.
The people in the district are represented by the United States Attorney for the Middle District of Pennsylvania.
Within the Middle District, federal courthouses are located in:
The Court's jurisdiction includes the following counties:
The United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the district courts for the following districts:
The United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania is one of the original 13 federal judiciary districts created by the Judiciary Act of 1789. It originally sat in Independence Hall in Philadelphia as the United States District Court for the District of Pennsylvania, and is now located at the James Byrne Courthouse at 601 Market Street in Philadelphia. There are Eastern District federal courtrooms in Philadelphia, Lancaster, Allentown, Reading, and Easton.
The United States District Court for the District of Oregon is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction comprises the state of Oregon. It was created in 1859 when the state was admitted to the Union. Appellate jurisdiction belongs to the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. Matthew P. Deady served as its first judge. Marco A. Hernandez is the current chief judge.
The United States District Court for the Southern District of Illinois is a Federal district court covering approximately the southern third of the state of Illinois.
The United States District Court for the Middle District of North Carolina is a United States district court with jurisdiction over 24 counties in the center of North Carolina. It consists of five divisions with a headquarters in Greensboro, North Carolina.
The U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Georgia is a United States District Court which serves the residents of sixty-nine counties from seven divisions from its headquarters in Macon, Georgia.
The United States District Court for the Central District of Illinois serves the residents of forty-six counties, which are divided into four divisions. The counties are: Adams, Brown, Bureau, Cass, Champaign, Christian, Coles, DeWitt, Douglas, Edgar, Ford, Fulton, Greene, Hancock, Henderson, Henry, Iroquois, Kankakee, Knox, Livingston, Logan, McDonough, McLean, Macoupin, Macon, Marshall, Mason, Menard, Mercer, Montgomery, Morgan, Moultrie, Peoria, Piatt, Pike, Putnam, Rock Island, Sangamon, Schuyler, Scott, Shelby, Stark, Tazewell, Vermilion, Warren, and Woodford counties.
The United States District Court for the Western District of North Carolina is a Federal district court which covers the western third of North Carolina.
The United States District Court for the Southern District of Ohio is one of two United States district courts in Ohio and includes forty-eight of the state's eighty-eight counties. Appeals from the court are taken to the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit at Cincinnati.
The United States District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania sits in Pittsburgh, Erie, and Johnstown, Pennsylvania. It is composed of ten judges as authorized by federal law. Appeals from this court are heard by the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit.
The United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri is a trial level federal district court based in St. Louis, Missouri, with jurisdiction over fifty counties in the eastern half of Missouri. The court is one of ninety-four district-level courts which make up the first tier of the U.S. federal judicial system. Judges of this court preside over civil and criminal trials on federal matters that originate within the borders of its jurisdiction. It is organized into three divisions, with court held in St. Louis, Hannibal, and Cape Girardeau.
The United States District Court for the Middle District of Tennessee is the federal trial court for most of Middle Tennessee. Based at the Estes Kefauver Federal Building and United States Courthouse in Nashville, it was created in 1839 when Congress added a third district to the state. Tennessee—along with Kentucky, Ohio, and Michigan—is located within the area covered by United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit, and appeals are taken to that court.
The United States District Court for the Western District of Missouri is the federal judicial district encompassing 66 counties in the western half of the State of Missouri. The Court is based in the Charles Evans Whittaker Courthouse in Kansas City.
The United States District Court for the Western District of Louisiana is a United States federal court with jurisdiction over approximately two thirds of the state of Louisiana, with courts in Alexandria, Lafayette, Lake Charles, Monroe, and Shreveport. These cities comprise the Western District of Louisiana.
The United States Court for the Middle District of Louisiana comprises the parishes of Ascension, East Baton Rouge, East Feliciana, Iberville, Livingston, Pointe Coupee, St. Helena, West Baton Rouge, and West Feliciana. Court is held at the Russell B. Long United States Courthouse in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. It falls under the jurisdiction of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit.
The United States District Court for the Eastern District of Kentucky is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction comprises approximately the Eastern half of the Commonwealth of Kentucky. The United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit in Cincinnati, Ohio maintains appellate jurisdiction for the district.
The United States District Court for the Western District of Kentucky is the federal district court for the western part of the state of Kentucky.
Matthew William Brann is the Chief United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Middle District of Pennsylvania.
Henry W. Van Eck is the chief bankruptcy judge for the United States bankruptcy court, Middle District of Pennsylvania.