United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania

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United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania
(E.D. Pa.)
Seal of the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.png
Eastern District of Pennsylvania (map).svg
Location James A. Byrne U.S. Courthouse
More locations
Appeals to Third Circuit
EstablishedApril 20, 1818
Judges22
Chief Judge Juan Ramon Sanchez
Officers of the court
U.S. Attorney William M. McSwain
www.paed.uscourts.gov
The James A. Byrne Courthouse in Philadelphia US Eastern Pennsylvania District Court.jpg
The James A. Byrne Courthouse in Philadelphia

The United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania (in case citations, E.D. Pa.) is one of the original 13 federal judiciary districts created by the Judiciary Act of 1789. It originally sat in Independence Hall in Philadelphia as the United States District Court for the District of Pennsylvania, and is now located at the James Byrne Courthouse at 601 Market Street in Philadelphia. There are Eastern District federal courtrooms in Philadelphia, Allentown, Reading, and Easton.

Case citation a system for uniquely identifying individual rulings of a court

Case citation is a system used by legal professionals to identify past court case decisions, either in series of books called reporters or law reports, or in a neutral style that identifies a decision regardless of where it is reported. Case citations are formatted differently in different jurisdictions, but generally contain the same key information.

Judiciary Act of 1789

The Judiciary Act of 1789 was a United States federal statute adopted on September 24, 1789, in the first session of the First United States Congress. It established the federal judiciary of the United States. Article III, Section 1 of the Constitution prescribed that the "judicial power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme Court, and such inferior Courts" as Congress saw fit to establish. It made no provision for the composition or procedures of any of the courts, leaving this to Congress to decide.

Philadelphia Largest city in Pennsylvania, United States

Philadelphia, sometimes known colloquially as Philly, is the largest city in the U.S. state and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and the sixth-most populous U.S. city, with a 2017 census-estimated population of 1,580,863. Since 1854, the city has been coterminous with Philadelphia County, the most populous county in Pennsylvania and the urban core of the eighth-largest U.S. metropolitan statistical area, with over 6 million residents as of 2017. Philadelphia is also the economic and cultural anchor of the greater Delaware Valley, located along the lower Delaware and Schuylkill Rivers, within the Northeast megalopolis. The Delaware Valley's population of 7.2 million ranks it as the eighth-largest combined statistical area in the United States.

Contents

The Court's jurisdiction includes Philadelphia, as well as Berks, Bucks, Chester, Delaware, Lancaster, Lehigh, Montgomery and Northampton counties. The district is a part of the Third Circuit, and appeals are taken to that Circuit (except for patent claims and claims against the U.S. government under the Tucker Act, which are appealed to the Federal Circuit).

Berks County, Pennsylvania County in the United States

Berks County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 411,442. The county seat is Reading.

Bucks County, Pennsylvania County in Pennsylvania, United States

Bucks County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 625,249, making it the fourth-most populous county in Pennsylvania and the 99th-most populous county in the United States. The county seat is Doylestown. The county is named after the English county of Buckinghamshire or more precisely, its shortname.

Chester County, Pennsylvania County in Pennsylvania, United States

Chester County (Chesco) is a county in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 498,886, increasing by 4.1% to a census-estimated 519,293 residents as of 2017. The county seat is West Chester. Chester County was one of the three original Pennsylvania counties created by William Penn in 1682. It was named for Chester, England.

The current Chief Judge for the Eastern Pennsylvania District Court is Judge Juan Ramon Sanchez.

Juan Ramon Sanchez is the Chief United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.

The people in the district are represented by the United States Attorney for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania, currently William M. McSwain.

William M. McSwain

William Miller McSwain is the United States Attorney for the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.

History

The United States District Court for the District of Pennsylvania was one of the original 13 courts established by the Judiciary Act of 1789, 1 Stat. 73, on September 24, 1789. [1] [2] It was subdivided on April 20, 1818, by 3 Stat. 462, [1] [2] into the Eastern and Western Districts to be headquartered in Philadelphia and Pittsburgh, respectively. [1] Portions of these districts were subsequently subdivided into the Middle District on March 2, 1901, by 31 Stat. 880. [2] At the time of its initial subdivision, presiding judge Richard Peters Jr. was reassigned to only the Eastern District.

United States District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania

The United States District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania sits in Pittsburgh, Erie, and Johnstown, Pennsylvania. It is composed of ten judges as authorized by federal law. Appeals from this court are heard by the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit.

United States District Court for the Middle District of Pennsylvania

The United States District Court for the Middle District of Pennsylvania is a district level federal court with jurisdiction over approximately one half of Pennsylvania. The court was created in 1901 by subdividing the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania and the United States District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania. The court is under the jurisdiction of the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit.

Richard Peters (Continental Congress) American judge

Richard Peters sometimes Richard Peters, Jr., to distinguish from his uncle, though this can also mean his son Richard), was an American lawyer, jurist, and politician from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was a delegate for Pennsylvania to the Continental Congress in 1782 and 1783. For many years he was a United States federal judge for Pennsylvania.

Current judges

As of October 24, 2018

#TitleJudgeDuty stationBornTerm of serviceAppointed by
Active Chief Senior
87Chief Judge Juan Ramon Sanchez Philadelphia 19552004–present2018–present G.W. Bush
76District Judge Petrese B. Tucker Philadelphia 19512000–present2013–2017 Clinton
80District Judge Cynthia M. Rufe Philadelphia 19482002–present G.W. Bush
82District Judge Timothy J. Savage Philadelphia 19462002–present G.W. Bush
84District Judge Gene E. K. Pratter Philadelphia 19492004–present G.W. Bush
86District Judge Paul S. Diamond Philadelphia 19532004–present G.W. Bush
90District Judge C. Darnell Jones II Philadelphia 19492008–present G.W. Bush
91District Judge Mitchell S. Goldberg Philadelphia 19592008–present G.W. Bush
92District Judge Nitza I. Quiñones Alejandro Philadelphia 19512013–present Obama
94District Judge Jeffrey L. Schmehl Reading 19552013–present Obama
95District Judge Gerald Austin McHugh Jr. Philadelphia 19542014–present Obama
96District Judge Edward G. Smith Easton 19612014–present Obama
97District Judge Wendy Beetlestone Philadelphia 19612014–present Obama
98District Judge Mark A. Kearney Philadelphia 19622014–present Obama
99District Judge Jerry Pappert Philadelphia 19632014–present Obama
100District Judge Joseph F. Leeson Jr. Allentown 19552014–present Obama
101District Judge Chad F. Kenney Philadelphia 19552018–present Trump
102District Judgevacant
103District Judgevacant
104District Judgevacant
105District Judgevacant
106District Judgevacant
41Senior Judge Donald West VanArtsdalen inactive19191970–19851985–present Nixon
58Senior Judge Robert F. Kelly Philadelphia 19351987–20012001–present Reagan
61Senior Judge Lowell A. Reed Jr. inactive19301988–19991999–present Reagan
62Senior Judge Jan E. DuBois Philadelphia 19311988–20022002–present Reagan
65Senior Judge Ronald L. Buckwalter inactive19361990–20032003–present G.H.W. Bush
66Senior Judge Harvey Bartle III Philadelphia 19411991–20112006–20112011–present G.H.W. Bush
68Senior Judge William H. Yohn Jr. inactive19351991–20032003–present G.H.W. Bush
69Senior Judge John R. Padova Philadelphia 19351992–20082008–present G.H.W. Bush
70Senior Judge J. Curtis Joyner Philadelphia 19481992–20132011–20132013–present G.H.W. Bush
71Senior Judge Eduardo C. Robreno Philadelphia 19451992–20132013–present G.H.W. Bush
72Senior Judge Anita B. Brody Philadelphia 19351992–20092009–present G.H.W. Bush
75Senior Judge Mary A. McLaughlin inactive19462000–20132013–present Clinton
77Senior Judge Berle M. Schiller Philadelphia 19442000–20122012–present Clinton
78Senior Judge Richard Barclay Surrick Philadelphia 19372000–20112011–present Clinton
79Senior Judge Legrome D. Davis inactive19522002–20172017–present G.W. Bush
81Senior Judge Michael M. Baylson Philadelphia 19392002–20122012–present G.W. Bush
89Senior Judge Joel Harvey Slomsky Philadelphia 19462008–20182018–present G.W. Bush

Vacancies and pending nominations

SeatSeat Last Held ByVacancy ReasonDate of VacancyNomineeDate of Nomination
12 Mary A. McLaughlin Senior Status November 18, 2013 John Milton Younge January 23, 2019
5 James Knoll Gardner April 3, 2017 Joshua Wolson
23 Legrome D. Davis September 28, 2017
15 Lawrence F. Stengel RetirementAugust 31, 2018
10 Joel Harvey Slomsky Senior Status October 9, 2018

Former judges

#JudgeStateBorn–diedActive service Chief Judge Senior status Appointed byReason for
termination
1 Richard Peters Jr. PA 1744–18281818–1828 Washington death
2 Joseph Hopkinson PA 1770–18421828–1842 [3] J.Q. Adams death
3 Archibald Randall PA 1797–18461842–1846 Tyler death
4 John K. Kane PA 1795–18581846–1858 Polk death
5 John Cadwalader PA 1805–18791858–1879 Buchanan death
6 William Butler PA 1822–19091879–1899 Hayes retirement
7 John Bayard McPherson PA 1846–19191899–1912 McKinley appointment to 3d Cir.
8 James Buchanan Holland PA 1857–19141904–1914 T. Roosevelt death
9 Joseph Whitaker Thompson PA 1861–19461912–1931 Taft appointment to 3d Cir.
10 Oliver Booth Dickinson PA 1857–19391914–1939 Wilson death
11 Charles Louis McKeehan PA 1876–19251923–1925 Harding death
12 William Huntington Kirkpatrick PA 1885–19701927–19581948–19581958–1970 Coolidge death
13 George Austin Welsh PA 1878–19701932–19571957–1970 Hoover death
14 Albert Branson Maris PA 1893–19891936–1938 F. Roosevelt appointment to 3d Cir.
15 Harry Ellis Kalodner PA 1896–19771938–1946 [4] F. Roosevelt appointment to 3d Cir.
16 Guy K. Bard PA 1895–19531939–1952 [5] F. Roosevelt resignation
17 James Cullen Ganey PA 1899–19721940–19611958–1961 F. Roosevelt appointment to 3d Cir.
18 Frederick Voris Follmer PA 1885–19711946–1955 Truman seat abolished
19 James P. McGranery PA 1895–19621946–1952 Truman resignation
20 Thomas James Clary PA 1899–19771949–1969 [6] 1961–19691969–1977 Truman death
21 Allan Kuhn Grim PA 1904–19651949–1961 [7] 1961–1965 Truman death
22 John W. Lord Jr. PA 1901–19721954–19711969–19711971–1972 Eisenhower death
23 Francis Lund Van Dusen PA 1912–19931955–1967 Eisenhower appointment to 3d Cir.
24 Charles William Kraft Jr. PA 1903–20021955–1970 [8] 1970–2002 Eisenhower death
25 Thomas C. Egan PA 1894–19611957–1961 Eisenhower death
26 Harold Kenneth Wood PA 1906–19721959–19711971–1972 Eisenhower death
27 Joseph Simon Lord III PA 1912–19911961–19821971–19821982–1991 Kennedy death
28 Abraham Lincoln Freedman PA 1904–19711961–1964 Kennedy appointment to 3d Cir.
29 Alfred Leopold Luongo PA 1920–19861961–19861982–1986 Kennedy death
30 Ralph C. Body PA 1903–19731962–19721972–1973 Kennedy death
31 A. Leon Higginbotham Jr. PA 1928–19981964–1977 [9] L. Johnson appointment to 3d Cir.
32 John Morgan Davis PA 1906–19841964–1974 [9] 1974–1984 L. Johnson death
33 John P. Fullam PA 1921–20181966–19901986–19901990–2018 L. Johnson death
34 Charles R. Weiner PA 1922–20051967–19881988–2005 L. Johnson death
35 Thomas Ambrose Masterson PA 1927–20001967–1973 L. Johnson resignation
36 Emanuel Mac Troutman PA 1915–20041967–19821982–2004 L. Johnson death
37 John Berne Hannum PA 1915–20071969–19841984–2007 Nixon death
38 Edward Roy Becker PA 1933–20061970–1982 Nixon appointment to 3d Cir.
39 John William Ditter Jr. PA 1921-20191970–19861986–2019 Nixon death
40 Daniel Henry Huyett III PA 1921–19981970–19881988–1998 Nixon death
42 James Henry Gorbey PA 1920–19771970–1977 Nixon death
43 Raymond J. Broderick PA 1914–20001971–19841984–2000 Nixon death
44 Clarence Charles Newcomer PA 1923–20051971–19881988–2005 Nixon death
45 Clifford Scott Green PA 1923–20071971–19881988–2007 Nixon death
46 Louis Charles Bechtle PA 1927–present1972–19931990–19931993–2001 Nixon retirement
47 Herbert Allan Fogel PA 1929–present1973–1978 Nixon resignation
48 Joseph Leo McGlynn Jr. PA 1925–19991974–19901990–1999 Nixon death
49 Edward N. Cahn PA 1933–present1974–19981993–1998 Ford retirement
50 Louis H. Pollak PA 1922–20121978–19911991–2012 Carter death
51 Norma Levy Shapiro PA 1928–20161978–19981998–2016 Carter death
52 James T. Giles PA 1943–present1979–20081999–20052008–2008 Carter retirement
53 Thomas Newman O'Neill Jr. PA 1928–20181983–19961996–2018 Reagan death
54 Marvin Katz PA 1930–20101983–19971997–2010 Reagan death
55 James McGirr Kelly PA 1928–20051983–19961996–2005 Reagan death
56 Anthony Joseph Scirica PA 1940–present1984–1987 Reagan appointment to 3d Cir.
57 Edmund V. Ludwig PA 1928–20161985–19971997–2016 Reagan death
59 Robert S. Gawthrop III PA 1942–19991987–1999 Reagan death
60 Franklin Van Antwerpen PA 1941–20161987–2004 Reagan appointment to 3d Cir.
63 Herbert J. Hutton PA 1937–20071988–20032003–2007 Reagan death
64 Jay Waldman PA 1944–20031988–2003 Reagan death
67 Stewart Dalzell PA 1943–20191991–20132013–2016 G.H.W. Bush retirement
73 Midge Rendell PA 1947–present1994–1997 Clinton appointment to 3d Cir.
74 Bruce William Kauffman PA 1934–present1997–20082008–2009 Clinton retirement
83 James Knoll Gardner PA 1940–20172002–20172017 G.W. Bush death
85 Lawrence F. Stengel PA 1952–present2004–20182017–2018 G.W. Bush retirement
88 Thomas M. Golden PA 1947–20102006–2010 G.W. Bush death
93 Luis Felipe Restrepo PA 1959–present2013–2016 Obama appointment to 3d Cir.

Chief judges

Chief judges have administrative responsibilities with respect to their district court. Unlike the Supreme Court, where one justice is specifically nominated to be chief, the office of chief judge rotates among the district court judges. To be chief, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as chief judge. A vacancy is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The chief judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position.

When the office was created in 1948, the chief judge was the longest-serving judge who had not elected to retire on what has since 1958 been known as senior status or declined to serve as chief judge. After August 6, 1959, judges could not become or remain chief after turning 70 years old. The current rules have been in operation since October 1, 1982.

Senior status is a form of semi-retirement for United States federal judges and judges in some state court systems. A judge must be at least 65 years of age and have served in federal courts for at least 15 years to qualify, with one less year of service required for each additional year of age. When that happens, they receive the full salary of a judge but have the option to take a reduced caseload, although many senior judges choose to continue to work full-time. Additionally, senior judges do not occupy seats; instead, their seats become vacant, and the president may appoint new full-time judges to fill their spots.

Succession of seats

List of U.S. Attorneys

See also

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 Asbury Dickens, A Synoptical Index to the Laws and Treaties of the United States of America (1852), p. 388.
  2. 1 2 3 U.S. District Courts of Pennsylvania, Legislative history, Federal Judicial Center .
  3. Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 11, 1828, confirmed by the United States Senate on February 23, 1829, and received commission on February 23, 1829.
  4. Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 5, 1939, confirmed by the United States Senate on March 30, 1939, and received commission on May 4, 1939.
  5. Recess appointment; formally nominated on April 4, 1940, confirmed by the United States Senate on April 24, 1940, and received commission on April 29, 1940.
  6. Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 5, 1950, confirmed by the United States Senate on March 8, 1950, and received commission on March 9, 1950.
  7. Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 5, 1950, confirmed by the United States Senate on April 4, 1950, and received commission on April 7, 1950.
  8. Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 12, 1956, confirmed by the United States Senate on March 28, 1956, and received commission on March 29, 1956.
  9. 1 2 Recess appointment; formally nominated on February 3, 1964, confirmed by the United States Senate on March 14, 1964, and received commission on March 17, 1964.
  10. "Former U.s. Attorney To Represent Preate Edward Dennis Jr. Was Named As Counsel In The Office Investigation. The Bill Goes To Taxpayers. - philly-archives". articles.philly.com. Retrieved 2015-12-02.
  11. "History of the Federal Judiciary". fjc.gov. Retrieved 2015-12-02.
  12. "Region's U.S. attorney will resign Michael R. Stiles has spent 8 years in the high-profile post. Delco's D.A. is viewed as a possible successor. - philly-archives". articles.philly.com. Retrieved 2015-12-02.
  13. "President Obama nominates Zane Memeger to replace Pat Meehan | lehighvalleylive.com". lehighvalleylive.com. Retrieved 2015-12-02.

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