Bucks County, Pennsylvania

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Bucks County
County of Bucks
Bucks Courthouse.JPG
Bucks County Courthouse
Map of Pennsylvania highlighting Bucks County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania in United States.svg
Pennsylvania's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 40°20′N75°07′W / 40.34°N 75.11°W / 40.34; -75.11
CountryFlag of the United States.svg United States
StateFlag of Pennsylvania.svg  Pennsylvania
FoundedNovember 1682
Named for Buckinghamshire
Seat Doylestown
Largest township Bensalem
Area
  Total622 sq mi (1,610 km2)
  Land604 sq mi (1,560 km2)
  Water18 sq mi (50 km2)  2.8%%
Population
  Estimate 
(2018)
628,195
  Density1,039/sq mi (401/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 1st
Website www.buckscounty.org
DesignatedOctober 29, 1982 [1]

Bucks County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 625,249, [2] making it the fourth-most populous county in Pennsylvania and the 99th-most populous county in the United States. The county seat is Doylestown. [3] The county is named after the English county of Buckinghamshire or more precisely, its abbreviation.

Contents

Bucks County constitutes part of the northern boundary of the PhiladelphiaCamdenWilmington, PA–NJDEMD Metropolitan Statistical Area, more commonly known as the Delaware Valley. It is located immediately northeast of Philadelphia and forms part of the southern tip of the eastern state border.

History

Founding

The Mercer Museum in Doylestown Borough Mercer Museum.JPG
The Mercer Museum in Doylestown Borough

Bucks County is one of the three original counties created by colonial proprietor William Penn in 1682. Penn named the county after Buckinghamshire, the county where he lived in England. He built a country estate called Pennsbury Manor in Falls Township, Bucks County.

Some places in Bucks County were named after locations in Buckinghamshire, including Buckingham and Buckingham Township, named after the former county town of Buckinghamshire; Chalfont, named after Chalfont St Giles, the parish home of William Penn's first wife and the location of the Jordans Quaker Meeting House, where Penn is buried; Solebury Township, named after Soulbury, England; and Wycombe, named after the town of High Wycombe.

Bucks County was originally much larger than it is today. Northampton County was formed in 1752 from part of Bucks County, and Lehigh County was formed in 1812 from part of Northampton County.

Revolutionary War

General George Washington and his troops camped in Bucks County as they prepared to cross the Delaware River to take Trenton, New Jersey, by surprise on the morning of December 26, 1776. Their successful attack on Britain's Hessian forces was a turning point in the American War of Independence. The town of Washington Crossing, Pennsylvania and Washington Crossing Historic Park were named to commemorate the event.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 622 square miles (1,610 km2), of which 604 square miles (1,560 km2) is land and 18 square miles (47 km2) (2.8%) is water. [4]

The southern third of the county between Philadelphia and Trenton, New Jersey, often called Lower Bucks, resides in the Atlantic Coastal Plain, and is flat and near sea level, and the county's most populated and industrialized area. Bucks County shares a western border with Montgomery County, and also borders Philadelphia to the southwest, and Northampton and Lehigh Counties to the north. From north to south, it is linked to Warren, Hunterdon, Mercer and Burlington Counties in New Jersey by bridges.

Tohickon Creek and Neshaminy Creek are the largest tributaries of the Delaware in Bucks County. Tohickon Creek empties into the river at Point Pleasant and Neshaminy at Croydon (Bristol Township).

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1790 25,216
1800 27,4969.0%
1810 32,37117.7%
1820 37,84216.9%
1830 45,74520.9%
1840 48,1075.2%
1850 56,09116.6%
1860 63,57813.3%
1870 64,3361.2%
1880 68,6566.7%
1890 70,6152.9%
1900 71,1900.8%
1910 76,5307.5%
1920 82,4767.8%
1930 96,72717.3%
1940 107,71511.4%
1950 144,62034.3%
1960 308,567113.4%
1970 410,05632.9%
1980 479,21116.9%
1990 541,17412.9%
2000 597,63510.4%
2010 625,2494.6%
Est. 2018628,195 [5] 0.5%
U.S. Decennial Census [6]
1790-1960 [7] 1900-1990 [8]
1990-2000 [9] 2010-2017 [2]

As of the 2010 census, there were 625,249 people. The population density was 1,034.7 people per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 86.6% White non-Hispanic, 3.9% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 4.1% Asian (2.1% Indian, 1.1% Chinese, 0.7% Korean, 0.5% Filipino, 0.3% Vietnamese, 0.1% Japanese, 0.4% other Asian) 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.7% were of two or more races, and 1.5% were of other races. 4.4% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

As of the census [10] of 2000, there were 218,725 households, and 160,981 families residing in the county. There were 225,498 housing units at an average density of 371 per square mile (143/km²). 20.1% were of German, 19.1% Irish, 14.0% Italian, 7.5% English and 5.9% Polish ancestry.

There were 218,725 households, out of which 35.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.20% were married couples living together, 8.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.40% were non-families. 21.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.17.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.70% under the age of 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 30.70% from 25 to 44, 24.30% from 45 to 64, and 12.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 96.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county is $59,727, and the median income for a family is $68,727. Males had a median income of $46,587 versus $31,984 for females. The per capita income for the county was $27,430. About 3.10% of families and 4.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.80% of those under age 18 and 5.50% of those age 65 or over.

Like the rest of the Philadelphia region, Bucks County has experienced a rapid increase of immigrants since the 2000 census. Known for its very large and established Eastern European population, most notably the Russian community, but also for its Ukrainian and Polish communities, Bucks County is now seeing a rapid surge of other immigrant groups. A 2005 population estimate of Bucks showed that the Indian American and Mexican American populations had already doubled since 2000. Bucks County is one of only two counties in Pennsylvania where Mexicans are the largest Hispanic community, the other being Montgomery County. Bucks County also is home to large and very prominent Roman Catholic and Jewish populations.

Population growth

The 2013 population estimate of Bucks County Pennsylvania was 626,976. This ranked the county fourth in the state, well behind (more than 10%) the counties of Philadelphia with 1,553,165 (247% of Bucks), Allegheny with 1,231,527 (196%), Montgomery with 812,376 (130%), and well ahead of Delaware with 561,973 (89.6%). [2]

Growth began in the early 1950s, when William Levitt chose Bucks County for his second "Levittown". Levitt bought hundreds of acres of woodlands and farmland, and constructed 17,000 homes and dozens of schools, parks, libraries, and shopping centers. By the time the project ended, the population of Levittown had swelled to almost 74,000 residents. At the time, only whites could buy homes. This rule however, was soon overturned. Other planned developments included Croydon and Fairless Hills. This rapid sprawl continued until the mid-1960s.

In the 1970s, a second growth spurt began. This time, developers took land in townships that were mostly untouched. These included Middletown, Lower Makefield Township, Northampton Township and Newtown Township. Tract housing, office complexes, shopping centers, and sprawling parking lots continued to move more and more towards Upper Bucks, swallowing horse farms, sprawling forests, and wetlands. At this time, the Oxford Valley Mall was constructed in Middletown, which would become the business nucleus of the county.

Growth has somewhat stabilized since the 1990s, with smaller increases and less development. However, the main reason for this is not a lack of population growth, but loss of land. Lower Bucks now lacks large parcels of land to develop. Smaller residential and commercial projects must now be constructed. However, redevelopment of existing building sites is now a leading coalition in Lower Bucks. Many areas along the Delaware River have surpluses of abandoned industry, so many municipalities have granted building rights to luxury housing developers. Also, as the regions that began the suburban boom in Bucks, such as Levittown, begin to reach their 50th anniversaries, many commercial strips and other neglected structures are being torn down to be replaced with new shopping plazas and commercial chains. Also, with rising property values, areas with older construction are undergoing a renaissance. At the same time, Central and Upper Bucks are still seeing rapid growth, with many municipalities doubling their populations.

Economy

Levittown, aerial view, circa 1959 LevittownPA.jpg
Levittown, aerial view, circa 1959

The boroughs of Bristol and Morrisville were prominent industrial centers along the Northeast Corridor during World War II. Suburban development accelerated in Lower Bucks in the 1950s with the opening of Levittown, Pennsylvania, the second such "Levittown" designed by William Levitt.

Among Bucks' largest employers in the twentieth century were U.S. Steel in Falls Township, and the Vulcanized Rubber & Plastics and Robertson Tile companies in Morrisville. Rohm and Haas continues to operate several chemical plants around Bristol. Waste Management operates a landfill in Tullytown that is the largest receptacle of out-of-state waste in the USA (receiving much of New York City's waste following the closure of Fresh Kills landfill in Staten Island, NY 40 miles (64 km) away).[ citation needed ]

Bucks is also experiencing rapid growth in biotechnology, along with neighboring Montgomery County. The Greater Philadelphia area consistently ranks in the top 10 geographic clusters for biotechnology and biopharma [11] . It is projected by 2020 that one out of four people in Bucks County will work in biotechnology.

List of notable Bucks County businesses

Tourism

Bucks County is home to a number of covered bridges, 10 of which are still open to highway traffic and two others (situated in parks) are open to non-vehicular traffic. Shown here is the Schofield Ford Covered Bridge over the Neshaminy Creek in Tyler State Park. Schofield Ford Covered Bridge.jpg
Bucks County is home to a number of covered bridges, 10 of which are still open to highway traffic and two others (situated in parks) are open to non-vehicular traffic. Shown here is the Schofield Ford Covered Bridge over the Neshaminy Creek in Tyler State Park.

Another important asset of the county is tourism. The county's northern regions (colloquially referred to as Upper Bucks) are renowned for their natural scenery, farmland, colonial history, and proximity to major urban areas (particularly Philadelphia, but New York City, Allentown, Reading and Atlantic City are also within a two-hour radius).

Bucks County is home to ten covered bridges that are still open to vehicular traffic. Two other bridges, both located in parks, are open only to non-vehicular traffic. All Bucks County bridges use the Town truss design. The Schofield Ford Bridge, in Tyler State Park, was reconstructed in 1997 from the ground up after arsonists destroyed the original in 1991. [12]

Popular attractions in Bucks County include the shops and studios of New Hope, Peddler's Village (in Lahaska), Washington Crossing Historic Park, New Hope and Ivyland Railroad, and Bucks County River Country. Rice's Market near Lahaska is a popular destination on Tuesday mornings. Quakertown Farmer's Market (locally called "Q-Mart") is a popular shopping destination on weekends. The county seat of Doylestown is also home to several points of interest for tourists, and also is home to Fordhook Farms, the famous trial farm of the Warminster-based Burpee Seeds, which also serves as a bed & breakfast inn. Doylestown also has the trifecta of concrete structures built by Henry Chapman Mercer, including the Moravian Pottery and Tile Works, the Mercer Museum and Fonthill, Mercer's personal home.

New Hope and Ivyland Railroad New Hope & Ivyland 40.JPG
New Hope and Ivyland Railroad

Southern Bucks (colloquially referred to as Lower Bucks) is home to two important shopping malls, Neshaminy Mall and Oxford Valley Mall, and Sesame Place, a family theme park based on the Sesame Street television series. Also within Lower Bucks County is Parx Casino and Racing in Bensalem, a casino and thoroughbred horse racing track. The casino was built on the grounds of what was originally Philadelphia Park Racetrack. The complex includes the throughbred horse racing track, expansive casino, a dance club, numerous dining options, and the Xcite Center.

Education

Colleges and universities

Map of Bucks County, Pennsylvania Public School Districts Map of Bucks County Pennsylvania School Districts.png
Map of Bucks County, Pennsylvania Public School Districts

Public school districts

The Bucks County public schools listed above are served by a regional educational service agency called the Bucks County Intermediate Unit #22 located in the county seat of Doylestown.

Public charter schools

There are 11 public cyber charter schools in Pennsylvania that are available for free statewide, to children K–12. See: Education in Pennsylvania.

Private schools

Community, junior and technical colleges

Arts and culture

Fine and performing arts

Many artists and writers based in New York City have called Bucks County home, settling mainly in the small stretch between Doylestown and New Hope and along the Delaware River. Notable residents have included Margaret Mead, Pearl S. Buck, Oscar Hammerstein II, Stephen Sondheim, Charlie Parker, Moss Hart, George S. Kaufman, James Michener, Dorothy Parker, S. J. Perelman, Stan and Jan Berenstain, Daniel Garber, Alfred Bester, Annie Haslam, and Jean Toomer. Bucks County has been the home of writer/musician James McBride, writer Eric Knight, Academy Award-winning film composer Joe Renzetti, musician Gene Ween of Ween, painter Christopher Wajda, photographer Michael Barone, and furniture designer George Nakashima. James Gould Cozzens lived in Lambertville, New Jersey, just across the river from Bucks County, and used Doylestown as the model for the setting of two novels; he is considered a Bucks County artist. Allen Saalburg relocated to Bucks County in 1947, and named his press after the canal. [14]

The county boasts many local theater companies, including the long-established and recently reopened Bucks County Playhouse in New Hope, Town and Country Players in Buckingham, ActorsNET in Morrisville, and the Bristol Riverside Theatre, a professional Equity theater in Bristol. The Bucks County Symphony, founded in 1953, performs in Doylestown throughout the year and the Bucks County Gilbert & Sullivan Society, founded in 2009, performs a Gilbert & Sullivan operetta with full orchestra each June.

The Wild River Review , an online magazine that publishes in-depth reporting, works of literature, art, visual art, reviews, interviews, and columns by and about contemporary artists, photographers, and writers, is based out of Doylestown.

Literature

The seemingly autobiographical novel The Fires of Spring by James Michener takes place in and around Doylestown.

Alecia Moore, more commonly known as Pink, was born in Doylestown, as was motion picture writer and director Stefan Avalos. Three American Idol contestants live in Bucks County: Justin Guarini, who was born in Atlanta, but moved to Bucks County; Jordan White, who was born in Cranford, New Jersey and moved to Bucks County, and Anthony Fedorov, who was born in Ukraine and was from Trevose, in Lower Southampton Township. Singer/actress Irene Molloy and classical tenor David Gordon were born in Doylestown. Musician Asher Roth was born in Morrisville. The Tony Award-winning Broadway play Vanya and Sonia and Masha and Spike is set in the county.

Film

M. Night Shyamalan's 2002 film Signs , starring Mel Gibson, was filmed and takes place in Bucks County. The town scenes were filmed on State Street in Newtown Borough, and the drugstore scene was filmed at Burns' Pharmacy on Pennsylvania Avenue in Morrisville. The house was built on farmland privately owned and leased to Delaware Valley College in Doylestown Township. A stage set for some interior shots was created in a warehouse on State Road in Bensalem Township. Shyamalan's film Lady in the Water was shot across the street from the Bloomsdale section of Bristol Township. In addition, Shyamalan's 2008 film, The Happening , was filmed in Upper Bucks County, including Plumsteadville. [15] [16]

With the exception of the footage filmed in the New Jersey Pine Barrens, all of The Last Broadcast was shot in Bucks County (though the name was changed).

A short scene from Stephen King's The Stand is based in Pipersville.

The producer Fred Bauer, the director Steve Rash and composer Joseph Renzetti of The Buddy Holly Story all live in Bucks County, where the film was conceived, and written by Bob Gittler.

Although filmed in California, one of Steven Spielberg's earliest films, Something Evil , is set in Bucks County.

The film Law Abiding Citizen , starring Gerard Butler and Jamie Foxx, was filmed partially in New Hope. [17]

The NBC pilot episode for Outlaw , starring Jimmy Smits, filmed in the Andalusia section of Bensalem Township March 22–23, 2010. [18] [19]

The feature film The Discoverers [20] was filmed in a variety of locations in Bucks County, including Croydon, Bristol, Newtown, New Hope, and Tyler State Park. [20] [21]

The Central Bucks West football team was followed during the 1999 season for the documentary The Last Game. It was directed by T. Patrick Murray and Alex Weinress. [22]

The County Fair scene in Charlotte's Web was filmed at the Southampton Days fair in Southampton, Bucks County.

The majority of the independent Titanic film The Last Signals by Tom Lynskey was filmed in Bucks County. [23]

The 1942 film George Washington Slept Here was set chiefly in Bucks County, although most of the filming took place in the studio.

Safe , starring Jason Statham, filmed at the Parx Casino and Racing in Bensalem Township. [24]

Bucks County has been mentioned multiple times on the popular Freeform TV series Pretty Little Liars .

Media

Local print publications include Bucks County Courier Times, The Intelligencer , The Advance of Bucks County, Bucks County Herald, Bucks County Town and Country Living, Radius Magazine, Yardley Voice, Morrisville Times, Newtown Gazette, Northampton Herald, Langhorne Ledger, Lower Southampton Spirit, New Hope News, Doylestown Observer, Warwick Journal, Fairless Focus. Online news publications are Levittown Now, NewtownPANow, Bucks Happening, New Hope Free Press. WBCB-AM is a local radio news station.

Sports

Rugby league

The Bucks County Sharks rugby league team played in the AMNRL from 1997 to 2010 season. [25] They returned to play in the AMNRL in 2011, until the league's fold in 2014, when they subsequently joined the USARL. [26]

Little League

The county has a considerable history of producing Little League baseball contenders. Since its inception in 1947, four of the seven Pennsylvania teams to compete in the Little League World Series in Williamsport, Pennsylvania have come from Bucks County: Morrisville (1955), Levittown American (1960 and 1961), and Council Rock-Newtown (2005). Two of these squads, Morrisville and Levittown (1960), went on to win the World Series title. In 2007, Council Rock Northampton won the PA State championship, and lost in the finals of regionals.

PIAA

The county is a part of PIAA's District I, and has seen many schools capture multiple state titles.

American Legion Baseball

In 1996, Yardley Western Post 317 won the American Legion National Championship.

Bristol Legion Post 382 recently won the 2011 American Legion State Championship.

Horse racing

Parks and recreation

Pennsylvania state parks

Neshaminy Creek in Tyler State Park Neshaminy Creek in Tyler State Park.jpg
Neshaminy Creek in Tyler State Park

There are six commonwealth-owned parks in Bucks County:

County parks

Lake Galena in Peace Valley Park Lake Galena in Peace Valley Park from dam.jpg
Lake Galena in Peace Valley Park

Historic properties

Pennsbury Manor Pennsbury Manor 01.JPG
Pennsbury Manor

County recreation sites

  • Frosty Hollow Tennis Center
  • Core Creek Tennis Center
  • Oxford Valley Golf Course
  • Oxford Valley Pool
  • Tohickon Valley Pool
  • Weisel Hostel
  • Peace Valley Boat Rental
  • Core Creek Boat Rental

County Nature Centers

Transportation

Airports

Public transportation

Major highways

Politics and government

Presidential election results
Presidential election results [29]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 47.6% 164,36148.4%167,0604.0% 13,621
2012 48.7% 156,57950.0%160,5211.3% 4,166
2008 45.1% 150,24853.7%179,0311.2% 4,045
2004 48.3% 154,46951.1%163,4380.6% 1,909
2000 46.3% 121,92750.5%132,9143.3% 8,581
1996 41.7% 94,89945.4%103,31312.8% 29,151
1992 38.1% 94,58439.4%97,90222.5% 56,021
1988 60.0%127,56338.8% 82,4721.2% 2,605
1984 63.3%130,11936.3% 74,5680.5% 1,032
1980 55.5%100,53632.6% 59,12011.9% 21,508
1976 50.7%85,62847.3% 79,8382.1% 3,457
1972 62.3%99,68435.5% 56,7842.2% 3,591
1968 48.6%69,64640.2% 57,63411.1% 15,931
1964 38.9% 50,24360.6%78,2870.5% 646
1960 54.0%67,50145.7% 57,1770.4% 438
1956 60.7%59,86239.1% 38,5410.2% 180
1952 62.4%40,75337.2% 24,3010.4% 275
1948 62.5%29,41135.4% 16,6552.2% 1,018
1944 58.6%25,63440.8% 17,8230.6% 270
1940 54.7%25,16944.8% 20,5860.5% 229
1936 48.8% 23,86049.4%24,1591.8% 876
1932 59.1%22,33137.4% 14,1353.6% 1,341
1928 76.5%28,42122.7% 8,4460.8% 301
1924 66.9%17,46025.2% 6,5827.9% 2,066
1920 65.2%14,13031.7% 6,8673.2% 684
1916 54.0%9,26943.6% 7,4912.4% 414
1912 32.0% 5,45239.8%6,77328.2% 4,812
1908 55.3%9,40942.5% 7,2332.1% 362
1904 57.7%9,57240.5% 6,7191.8% 290
1900 55.1%9,26343.4% 7,2871.5% 253
1896 57.6%9,79839.3% 6,6853.1% 524
1892 48.7% 8,23049.7%8,3901.6% 272
1888 49.1% 8,58449.4%8,6421.5% 253

As of January 2010, there were 430,557 registered voters in Bucks County. [30]

Like most of the Philadelphia suburbs, Bucks County was once a stronghold for the Republican Party. However, in recent years it has become more of a swing county, like Pennsylvania at large. In presidential elections, Bucks has been swept up in the overall Democratic trend that has swept the Philadelphia area, although the trend in Bucks has been somewhat less pronounced than in Delaware and Montgomery. It has gone Democratic in every presidential election since 1992.

Until recently, Republicans still held most local offices. However, after Democratic gains in the 2018 elections, Republicans hold all but four state house seats covering portions of the county, while the Democrats and Republicans hold two state senate seats each. The Democrats and Republicans each hold four of the row offices. As in most suburban Philadelphia counties, Republicans tend to be conservative on fiscal matters and moderate on social and environmental matters.

All four statewide winners (Barack Obama for President, Rob McCord for Treasurer, Jack Wagner for Auditor General, and Tom Corbett for Attorney General) carried Bucks in November 2008. Earlier in 2008, Democrats took a plurality of registered voters. The GOP statewide candidates in the 2010 midterms, Tom Corbett for Governor and Pat Toomey for Senate, both won Bucks.

Bucks County is represented in U.S. Congress by Pennsylvania's 1st congressional district , (map) formerly numbered as the 8th District. While concerns about gerrymandering are on the rise, the 1st District remains one of the few districts in the United States that is almost fully encompassed by a single county. In order to comply with population requirements, the Bucks County-dominated 1st Congressional district also includes slightly over 100,000 residents in the Hatboro-Horsham area of Montgomery County.

The executive government is run by a three-seat board of commissioners, one member of which serves as chairperson. Commissioners are elected through at-large voting and serve four-year terms. In cases of vacancy, a panel of county judges appoints members to fill seats. The current commissioners are Charles H. Martin (R) (Chairman), Robert G. Loughery (R) (Vice-Chairman), and Diane M. Ellis-Marseglia (D). The current terms expire in January 2016. [31]

In 2012, four county employees were sentenced for compensating public employees for political work. [32]

In the 2016 elections, Democrats Hillary Clinton (President), Josh Shapiro (Attorney General), and Joe Torsella (State Treasurer) won Bucks County while Republicans Pat Toomey (U.S. Senate), Brian Fitzpatrick (U.S. Representative), and John Brown (Auditor General) won Bucks County in theirs. [33]

County commissioners

Other county offices

State Senate

State House of Representatives

United States House of Representatives

United States Senate

Communities

Map of Bucks County, Pennsylvania with Municipal Labels showing Boroughs (red), Townships (white), and Census-designated places (blue). Map of Bucks County Pennsylvania With Municipal and Township Labels.png
Map of Bucks County, Pennsylvania with Municipal Labels showing Boroughs (red), Townships (white), and Census-designated places (blue).

Under Pennsylvania law, there are four types of incorporated municipalities: cities, boroughs, townships, and, in at most two cases, towns. The most populous borough in the county is Morrisville with 10,023 as of the 2000 census. The following boroughs and townships are located in Bucks County:

Boroughs

Townships

Census-designated places

Census-designated places are geographical areas designated by the U.S. Census Bureau for the purposes of compiling demographic data. They are not actual jurisdictions under Pennsylvania law. Other unincorporated communities, such as villages, may be listed here as well.

Unincorporated communities

Historic Communities

Police Agencies and Services

Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Bucks County. [34]

county seat

RankCity/Town/etc.Municipal typePopulation (2010 Census)
1 Levittown CDP52,983
2 Croydon CDP9,950
3 Bristol Borough9,726
4 Quakertown Borough8,979
5 Morrisville Borough8,728
6 Perkasie Borough8,511
7 Fairless Hills CDP8,466
8Doylestown Borough8,380
9 Richboro CDP6,563
10 Telford (lies partially in Montgomery County)Borough4,872
11 Sellersville Borough4,249
12 Churchville CDP4,128
13 Warminster Heights CDP4,124
14 Chalfont Borough4,009
15 Village Shires CDP3,949
16 Woodbourne CDP3,851
17 Brittany Farms-The Highlands CDP3,695
18 Newtown Grant CDP3,620
19 Trevose CDP3,550
20 New Britain Borough3,152
21 Feasterville CDP3,074
22 Plumsteadville CDP2,637
23 New Hope Borough2,528
24 Yardley Borough2,434
25 Woodside CDP2,425
26 Penndel Borough2,328
27 Newtown Borough2,248
28 Dublin Borough2,158
29 Eddington CDP1,906
30 Tullytown Borough1,872
31 Spinnerstown CDP1,826
32 Langhorne Borough1,622
33 Langhorne Manor Borough1,442
34 Cornwells Heights CDP1,391
35 Richlandtown Borough1,327
36 Ivyland Borough1,041
37 Hulmeville Borough1,003
38 Trumbauersville Borough974
39 Milford Square CDP897
40 Silverdale Borough871
41 Riegelsville Borough868

Climate

Piedmont Region

According to the Trewartha climate classification system, the Piedmont (United States) section of Bucks County, which is located roughly northwest of U.S. Route 1, has a Temperate Continental Climate with hot and slightly humid summers, cold winters and year-around precipitation (Dcao). Dcao climates are characterized by at least one month having an average mean temperature ≤ 32.0 °F (0 °C), four to seven months with an average mean temperature ≥ 50.0 °F (10 °C), at least one month with an average mean temperature ≥ 72.0 °F (22 °C) and no significant precipitation difference between seasons. According to the Köppen climate classification system, the climate is a hot-summer, wet all year, humid continental climate (Dfa). During the summer months in the Piedmont, episodes of extreme heat and humidity can occur with heat index values > 102 °F (39 °C). The average wettest month is July which corresponds with the annual peak in thunderstorm activity. During the winter months, episodes of extreme cold and wind can occur with wind chill values < −16 °F (−27 °C). The plant hardiness zone at Haycock Mountain, elevation 968 ft (295 m), is 6b with an average annual extreme minimum air temperature of −4.6 °F (−20 °C). [35] The average seasonal (Nov-Apr) snowfall total is between 26 and 36 inches (66 and 91 cm) depending on elevation and distance from the Atlantic Ocean. The average snowiest month is February which correlates with the annual peak in nor'easter activity. Some areas of the Piedmont farther south and along the river below New Hope are in hardiness zone 7a, as is the Atlantic Coastal Plain region of Bucks.

Climate data for Haycock Twp. Elevation: 735 ft (224 m). 1981-2010 Averages (1981-2018 Records)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)69.9
(21.1)
77.8
(25.4)
86.8
(30.4)
93.1
(33.9)
93.9
(34.4)
94.5
(34.7)
101.4
(38.6)
98.6
(37.0)
96.3
(35.7)
88.9
(31.6)
79.6
(26.4)
73.7
(23.2)
101.4
(38.6)
Average high °F (°C)37.3
(2.9)
41.1
(5.1)
49.1
(9.5)
61.3
(16.3)
71.0
(21.7)
79.2
(26.2)
83.5
(28.6)
81.9
(27.7)
75.2
(24.0)
64.1
(17.8)
53.4
(11.9)
41.7
(5.4)
61.7
(16.5)
Daily mean °F (°C)28.4
(−2.0)
31.4
(−0.3)
38.7
(3.7)
49.9
(9.9)
59.7
(15.4)
68.4
(20.2)
72.8
(22.7)
71.4
(21.9)
64.3
(17.9)
53.3
(11.8)
43.7
(6.5)
33.2
(0.7)
51.4
(10.8)
Average low °F (°C)19.5
(−6.9)
21.7
(−5.7)
28.4
(−2.0)
38.4
(3.6)
48.3
(9.1)
57.7
(14.3)
62.1
(16.7)
60.9
(16.1)
53.4
(11.9)
42.5
(5.8)
34.0
(1.1)
24.7
(−4.1)
41.1
(5.1)
Record low °F (°C)−13.9
(−25.5)
−6.5
(−21.4)
0.7
(−17.4)
15.9
(−8.9)
31.4
(−0.3)
39.4
(4.1)
45.4
(7.4)
40.2
(4.6)
33.8
(1.0)
22.7
(−5.2)
9.8
(−12.3)
−3.5
(−19.7)
−13.9
(−25.5)
Average precipitation inches (mm)3.54
(90)
2.89
(73)
3.74
(95)
4.25
(108)
4.24
(108)
4.34
(110)
5.11
(130)
4.12
(105)
4.45
(113)
4.56
(116)
3.83
(97)
4.20
(107)
49.27
(1,251)
Average relative humidity (%)68.664.560.758.964.070.469.972.573.471.769.670.167.9
Average dew point °F (°C)19.4
(−7.0)
20.8
(−6.2)
26.3
(−3.2)
36.1
(2.3)
47.5
(8.6)
58.4
(14.7)
62.4
(16.9)
62.1
(16.7)
55.6
(13.1)
44.4
(6.9)
34.4
(1.3)
24.5
(−4.2)
41.1
(5.1)
Source: PRISM [36]

Atlantic Coastal Plain Region

According to the Trewartha climate classification system, the Atlantic coastal plain section of Bucks County, which is located roughly southeast of U.S. Route 1 has a Temperate Oceanic Climate with hot and slightly humid summers, cool winters and year-around precipitation (Doak). Doak climates are characterized by all months having an average mean temperature > 32.0 °F (0 °C), four to seven months with an average mean temperature ≥ 50.0 °F (10 °C), at least one month with an average mean temperature ≥ 72.0 °F (22 °C) and no significant precipitation difference between seasons. According to the Köppen climate classification, this region has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa). During the summer months in the Atlantic Coastal Plain, episodes of extreme heat and humidity can occur with heat index values > 110 °F (43 °C). The average wettest month is July which corresponds with the annual peak in thunderstorm activity. During the winter months, episodes of extreme cold and wind can occur with wind chill values < −7 °F (−22 °C). The plant hardiness zone in Andalusia, Bensalem Twp, elevation 16 ft (5 m), is 7a with an average annual extreme minimum air temperature of 3.0 °F (−16 °C). [35] The average seasonal (Nov-Apr) snowfall total is between 24 and 26 inches (61 and 66 cm) depending on elevation and distance from the Atlantic Ocean. The average snowiest month is February which correlates with the annual peak in nor'easter activity.

Climate data for Andalusia, Bensalem Twp. Elevation: 16 ft (5 m). 1981-2010 Averages (1981-2018 Records)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)72.5
(22.5)
78.7
(25.9)
87.7
(30.9)
94.1
(34.5)
96.1
(35.6)
97.5
(36.4)
103.5
(39.7)
101.3
(38.5)
99.1
(37.3)
89.6
(32.0)
81.8
(27.7)
76.6
(24.8)
103.5
(39.7)
Average high °F (°C)41.0
(5.0)
44.4
(6.9)
52.6
(11.4)
63.9
(17.7)
73.7
(23.2)
82.9
(28.3)
86.9
(30.5)
85.5
(29.7)
78.7
(25.9)
67.3
(19.6)
56.4
(13.6)
45.4
(7.4)
65.0
(18.3)
Daily mean °F (°C)33.4
(0.8)
36.0
(2.2)
43.3
(6.3)
53.8
(12.1)
63.3
(17.4)
72.8
(22.7)
77.4
(25.2)
76.0
(24.4)
68.9
(20.5)
57.3
(14.1)
47.6
(8.7)
37.8
(3.2)
55.7
(13.2)
Average low °F (°C)25.6
(−3.6)
27.6
(−2.4)
34.1
(1.2)
43.6
(6.4)
52.9
(11.6)
62.7
(17.1)
67.8
(19.9)
66.4
(19.1)
59.1
(15.1)
47.3
(8.5)
38.9
(3.8)
30.3
(−0.9)
46.4
(8.0)
Record low °F (°C)−7.4
(−21.9)
−0.6
(−18.1)
5.7
(−14.6)
19.5
(−6.9)
35.2
(1.8)
44.4
(6.9)
51.0
(10.6)
45.4
(7.4)
38.8
(3.8)
27.6
(−2.4)
15.0
(−9.4)
1.6
(−16.9)
−7.4
(−21.9)
Average precipitation inches (mm)3.52
(89)
2.73
(69)
4.23
(107)
3.88
(99)
4.20
(107)
4.18
(106)
4.97
(126)
4.34
(110)
4.14
(105)
3.71
(94)
3.46
(88)
3.93
(100)
47.29
(1,201)
Average relative humidity (%)64.260.956.156.560.762.864.166.266.866.965.566.463.1
Average dew point °F (°C)22.6
(−5.2)
23.8
(−4.6)
28.7
(−1.8)
38.7
(3.7)
49.5
(9.7)
59.4
(15.2)
64.3
(17.9)
63.9
(17.7)
57.4
(14.1)
46.4
(8.0)
36.6
(2.6)
27.6
(−2.4)
43.3
(6.3)
Source: PRISM [36]


Climate data for Newbold Channel, Falls Twp, Delaware River Water Temperature
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Daily mean °F (°C)37
(3)
37
(3)
44
(7)
53
(12)
63
(17)
74
(23)
81
(27)
80
(27)
73
(23)
60
(16)
48
(9)
40
(4)
58
(14)
Source: NOAA [38]

Ecology

According to the A. W. Kuchler U.S. potential natural vegetation types, Bucks County, Pennsylvania would have a dominant vegetation type of Appalachian Oak (104) with a dominant vegetation form of Eastern Hardwood Forest (25). [39]

Notable people

*

Official seal

The traditional seal of Bucks County, Pennsylvania takes its design from the inspiration of the county's founder, William Penn. The center of the seal consists of a shield from the Penn family crest with a tree above and a flowering vine surrounding it in symmetric flanks. The seal has a gold-colored background and a green band denoting Penn as the county's first proprietor and governor. In 1683, Penn's council decreed that a tree and vine be incorporated into the emblem to signify the county's abundance of woods. The seal was used in its official capacity until the Revolutionary War. The county government has since used the official Pennsylvania state seal for official documents. Today, the Bucks County seal's use is largely ceremonial. It appears on county stationery and vehicles as a symbol of the county's heritage. The gold emblem is also the centerpiece of the official Bucks County flag, which has a blue background and gold trim.

See also

Related Research Articles

Delaware County, Pennsylvania County in Pennsylvania, United States

Delaware County, colloquially referred to as Delco, is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania that borders Philadelphia. With a population of 562,960, it is the fifth most populous county in Pennsylvania, and the third smallest in area. The county was created on September 26, 1789, from part of Chester County, and named for the Delaware River.

Bensalem Township, Pennsylvania Township in Pennsylvania, United States

Bensalem Township is a township in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, United States and borders the northeast section of Philadelphia. The township is composed of many communities, including Andalusia, Bensalem, Bridgewater, Cornwells Heights, Eddington, Flushing, Oakford, Siles, Trappe, and Trevose. Bensalem Township has no incorporated municipalities within its boundaries. As of the 2010 census, the township had a total population of 60,427, which makes it the largest municipality in Bucks County, and the ninth largest municipality in Pennsylvania. The township, which was founded in 1692, is almost as old as Pennsylvania itself, which was founded in 1682.

Bristol Township, Bucks County, Pennsylvania Township in Pennsylvania, United States

Bristol Township is a township in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 54,582 at the 2010 census, making it the 13th largest municipality in the state. Bristol Township, along with Bristol Borough, is a cultural hub for Lower Bucks County, hosting celebrations of African and Latino heritage. Parts of the township consist of the neighborhoods of Fairless Hills and Levittown, Pennsylvania.

Doylestown, Pennsylvania Borough in Pennsylvania, United States

Doylestown is a borough and the county seat of Bucks County in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. It is located 15 miles northwest of Trenton, NJ, 25 miles (40km) south of Easton, PA, 25 miles (40 km) north of Center City Philadelphia and 65 miles (105 km) southwest of New York City. As of the 2010 census, the borough population was 8,380.

Falls Township, Bucks County, Pennsylvania Township in Pennsylvania, United States

Falls Township is a Suburban Philadelphia township in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 34,300 at the 2010 census. Portions of Fairless Hills and Levittown, Pennsylvania, are located in the township. Portions of Falls Township are called Morrisville and Yardley, due to the location of the Morrisville Post Office outside the Borough of Morrisville in Falls Township. As originally Chartered in 1692, the villages of Morrisville and Tullytown were part of Falls Township. Morrisville was granted Borough status in 1804. Tullytown was erected as a Borough in 1891.

Langhorne, Pennsylvania Borough in Pennsylvania, United States

Langhorne is a borough in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 1,622 at the 2010 census.

Levittown, Pennsylvania Place

Levittown is a census-designated place (CDP) and planned community in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, United States, within the Philadelphia metropolitan area. The population was 52,983 at the 2010 census. It is 40 feet (12 m) above sea level. Though not a municipality, it is sometimes recognized as the largest suburb of Philadelphia in Pennsylvania. Starting with land purchased in 1951, it was planned and built by Levitt & Sons. The brothers Bill Levitt and architect Alfred Levitt designed its six typical houses.

Lower Makefield Township, Bucks County, Pennsylvania Township in Pennsylvania, United States

Lower Makefield Township is a township in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, USA, and is usually referred to as "Yardley" due to the prominence of Yardley Borough in that area. However, Yardley Borough is much smaller by both population and land area, and is surrounded by Lower Makefield on three sides.

Lower Southampton Township, Bucks County, Pennsylvania Township in Pennsylvania, United States

Lower Southampton Township is a township in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 18,909 at the 2010 census.

Middletown Township, Bucks County, Pennsylvania Place in Pennsylvania, United States

Middletown Township is a township in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 45,436 at the 2010 census. Many sections of Levittown, Pennsylvania, are located in the southern end of the township. The municipality surrounds the boroughs of Langhorne, Langhorne Manor, Penndel and Hulmeville; much of the township beyond Levittown uses Langhorne, Pennsylvania as a mailing address.

Northampton Township, Bucks County, Pennsylvania Township in Pennsylvania, United States

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Upper Southampton Township, Bucks County, Pennsylvania Township in Pennsylvania, United States

Upper Southampton Township is a township in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 15,152 at the 2010 census.

Warrington Township, Bucks County, Pennsylvania Township in Pennsylvania, United States of America

Warrington Township is a township in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, United States. Warrington Township is a suburb of Philadelphia. The population was 23,418 at the 2010 census.

Pennsylvania Route 132 highway in Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania Route 132 (PA 132) is a state highway in southeast Pennsylvania. It runs northwest to southeast through Bucks County in suburban Philadelphia from PA 611 in Warrington southeast to Interstate 95 (I-95) in Bensalem. It is a commercial route lined with shopping centers throughout much of its 15-mile (24 km) length. It is named Street Road and is five lanes wide for much of its length. It was also designated as the Armed Forces and Veterans Memorial Highway in 2005. From west to east, it crosses PA 263 and PA 332 in Warminster, PA 232 in Southampton, PA 532 in Feasterville, and U.S. Route 1 (US 1), the Pennsylvania Turnpike (I-276), PA 513, and US 13 in Bensalem. Street Road was included in William Penn's survey plans and completed by 1737. The road was paved by 1911 and received the PA 132 designation by 1927. The road was widened into a multi-lane highway and extended to I-95 by 1970. An E-ZPass-only interchange with the eastbound direction of the Pennsylvania Turnpike opened in 2010.

Neshaminy Creek Waterway in the United States of America

Neshaminy Creek is a 40.7-mile-long (65.5 km) stream that runs entirely through Bucks County, Pennsylvania, rising south of the borough of Chalfont, where its north and west branches join. Neshaminy Creek flows southeast toward Bristol Township and Bensalem Township to its confluence with the Delaware River. The name "Neshaminy" originates with the Lenni Lenape and is thought to mean "place where we drink twice". This phenomenon refers to a section of the creek known as the Neshaminy Palisades, where the course of the water slows and changes direction at almost a right angle, nearly forcing the water back upon itself. These palisades are located in Dark Hollow Park, operated by the county, and are flanked by Warwick Township to the south and Buckingham Township to the north.

Pennsylvania Route 413 state highway in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, United States

Pennsylvania Route 413 is a 31-mile-long (50 km), north–south state highway in Bucks County, Pennsylvania. The route runs from the New Jersey state line on the Burlington–Bristol Bridge over the Delaware River outside Bristol, where it continues as Route 413 into New Jersey, to PA 611 in Bedminster Township. The route passes through the lower and central portions of Bucks County, serving Bristol, Levittown, Langhorne, Newtown, and Buckingham. The route intersects U.S. Route 13 and Interstate 95 (I-95) near Bristol, I-295 near Penndel, US 1 in Langhorne Manor, and US 202 in Buckingham.

U.S. Route 13 in Pennsylvania highway in Pennsylvania

U.S. Route 13 is a U.S. highway running from Fayetteville, North Carolina north to Morrisville, Pennsylvania. The route runs for 49.33 mi (79.39 km) through the Philadelphia metropolitan area in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. The route enters the state from Delaware in Marcus Hook, Delaware County. It continues in a northeasterly direction through Delaware County, passing through the city of Chester before heading through suburban areas along Chester Pike to Darby. US 13 enters Philadelphia on Baltimore Avenue and runs through West Philadelphia to University City, where it turns north along several city streets before heading east across the Schuylkill River along Girard Avenue. The route turns north and heads to North Philadelphia, where it runs northeast along Hunting Park Avenue. US 13 becomes concurrent with US 1 on Roosevelt Boulevard, continuing into Northeast Philadelphia. US 13 splits southeast on one-way streets before heading northeast out of the city on Frankford Avenue. The route continues into Bucks County as Bristol Pike, heading northeast to Bristol, where it turns into a divided highway. US 13 becomes a freeway in Tullytown and continues north to its terminus at US 1 near Morrisville. US 13 roughly parallels Interstate 95 (I-95) through its course in Pennsylvania.

Newtown Creek (Neshaminy Creek tributary)


Newtown Creek is a tributary, rising near Stoop Road in Newtown Township, Bucks County, Pennsylvania, United States. It is part of the Delaware River watershed and is located entirely in Bucks County, Pennsylvania. The Newtown Creek Bridge over Centre Avenue was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1988.

Robin Run


Robin Run is a dammed headwater major tributary of the Delaware River with a drainage area of 22.69 square miles that is 1.69 miles north 1.69 miles north of Mill Creek's Confluence with the Neshaminy Creek on the border of Buckingham and Wrightstown Townships), The headwaters originate in Buckingham Township, Bucks County, Pennsylvania and the stream flows generally southeast to its confluence with Mill Creek in Wrightstown Township.

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Coordinates: 40°20′N75°07′W / 40.34°N 75.11°W / 40.34; -75.11