Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania

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Westmoreland County
Greensburg-pennsylvania-courthouse.jpg
Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania.gif
Map of Pennsylvania highlighting Westmoreland County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania in United States.svg
Pennsylvania's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 40°19′N79°28′W / 40.31°N 79.47°W / 40.31; -79.47
CountryFlag of the United States.svg United States
StateFlag of Pennsylvania.svg  Pennsylvania
FoundedFebruary 26, 1773
Named for Westmorland
Seat Greensburg
Largest city Hempfield Township
Area
  Total1,036 sq mi (2,680 km2)
  Land1,028 sq mi (2,660 km2)
  Water8.5 sq mi (22 km2)  0.8%%
Population
 (2020)
  Total354,663
  Density345/sq mi (133/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional districts 13th, 14th
Website www.co.westmoreland.pa.us

Westmoreland County is a county in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, United States. As of the 2020 census, the population was 364,663. [1] The county seat is Greensburg. [2] Formed from, successively, Lancaster, Northumberland, and later Bedford counties, Westmoreland County was founded on February 26, 1773, and was the first county in the colony of Pennsylvania whose entire territorial boundary was located west of the Allegheny Mountains. Westmoreland County originally included the present-day counties of Fayette, Washington, Greene, and parts of Beaver, Allegheny, Indiana, and Armstrong counties. It is named after Westmorland, a historic county of England.

Contents

Westmoreland County is included in the Pittsburgh Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Formed from Lancaster, Northumberland, and later Bedford counties, Westmoreland County was founded on February 26, 1773, and was the first county in the Pennsylvania colony whose entire territorial boundary was located west of the Allegheny Mountains. Westmoreland County originally included the present-day counties of Fayette, Washington, Greene, and parts of Beaver, Allegheny, Indiana, and Armstrong counties. It is named after Westmorland, a historic county of England.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,036 square miles (2,680 km2), of which 1,028 square miles (2,660 km2) is land and 8.5 square miles (22 km2) (0.8%) is water. [3] Westmoreland has a humid continental climate (Dfa/Dfb). Average monthly temperatures in Greensburg range from 28.7 °F in January to 71.8 °F in July, while in Murrysville they range from 29.4 °F in January to 73.1 °F in July, in Latrobe they range from 28.9 °F in January to 72.0 °F in July, and in Ligonier they range from 28.1 °F in January to 71.1 °F in July. [4]

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1790 16,019
1800 22,72641.9%
1810 26,39216.1%
1820 30,54015.7%
1830 38,40025.7%
1840 42,69911.2%
1850 51,72621.1%
1860 53,7363.9%
1870 58,7199.3%
1880 78,03632.9%
1890 112,81944.6%
1900 160,17542.0%
1910 231,30444.4%
1920 273,56818.3%
1930 294,9957.8%
1940 303,4112.9%
1950 313,1793.2%
1960 352,62912.6%
1970 376,9356.9%
1980 392,2944.1%
1990 370,321−5.6%
2000 369,993−0.1%
2010 365,169−1.3%
2020 354,663−2.9%
U.S. Decennial Census [5]
1790-1960 [6] 1900-1990 [7]
1990-2000 [8] 2010-2019 [9] 2010-2020 [10]

At the 2010 census, [11] there were 365,169 people, 153,650 households and 101,928 families residing in the county. The population density was 355.4 per square mile (137.2/km2). There were 168,199 housing units at an average density of 163.7 per square mile (63.2/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 95.3% White, 2.3% Black or African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.2% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. 0.9% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 153,650 households, of which 24.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.2% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.7% were non-families. 29.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32, and the average family size was 2.86.

22.3% of the population were under 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 22.4% from 25 to 44, 31.3% from 45 to 64, and 18.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45.1 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.3 males.

2020 Census

Westmoreland County Racial Composition [12]
RaceNum.Perc.
White (NH)323,11491.1%
Black or African American (NH)8,9852.53%
Native American (NH)2950.1%
Asian (NH)3,3011%
Pacific Islander (NH)360.01%
Other/Mixed (NH)13,7023.86%
Hispanic or Latino 5,2301.47%

Politics and government

As of November 7, 2022, there are 248,459 registered voters in Westmoreland County. [13]

The Democratic Party historically dominated county-level politics between the New Deal realignment and the turn of the century; however, Westmoreland has trended Republican at the national and statewide levels in the 21st century (in direct lockstep with most other Appalachian counties). In 2000, Republican George W. Bush became the first Republican to carry the county since 1972, and Republicans have carried the county in every election since, increasing the margin of victory in every successive election until 2020. Democratic Governor Ed Rendell lost Westmoreland in both 2002 and 2006. In 2008, Republican Tim Krieger picked up the 57th House district left open by the retirement of Democratic state representative Tom Tangretti. In 2010, both Pat Toomey and Tom Corbett won Westmoreland in their statewide bids. Also, the GOP gained control of two more State House districts, the 54th with Eli Evankovich and the 56th with George Dunbar. In 2011, the Republican Party swept all county row offices. [14] A Democratic resurgence in 2015 gave that party a majority of the county commissioners. However, in the 2019 elections, Democratic elected officials lost that majority and carried only one row office.

As of 2020, the only majority-Dem cities within the county are Arnold and Monessen. [15]

Presidential elections

United States presidential election results for Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania [16]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.%No.%No.%
2020 130,29963.46%72,19235.16%2,8391.38%
2016 116,52263.50%59,66932.52%7,3013.98%
2012 103,93261.29%63,72237.58%1,9181.13%
2008 102,29457.62%72,72140.96%2,5321.43%
2004 100,08756.01%77,77443.52%8350.47%
2000 80,85851.60%71,79245.81%4,0592.59%
1996 62,05843.30%63,68644.43%17,58512.27%
1992 47,31530.63%69,81745.20%37,31924.16%
1988 61,47244.13%76,71055.07%1,1080.80%
1984 71,37746.82%79,90652.41%1,1810.77%
1980 63,14045.06%68,62748.97%8,3725.97%
1976 59,17243.47%74,21754.52%2,7452.02%
1972 75,08554.60%59,32243.13%3,1202.27%
1968 52,20635.08%81,83354.98%14,8009.94%
1964 41,49327.77%107,13171.70%7920.53%
1960 68,82544.45%85,64155.31%3740.24%
1956 66,58047.77%72,61652.10%1920.14%
1952 58,92342.24%80,06857.40%5030.36%
1948 41,70939.05%61,90157.95%3,2043.00%
1944 43,20241.16%61,05758.17%7050.67%
1940 42,64339.56%64,56759.90%5770.54%
1936 36,07932.23%73,57465.73%2,2822.04%
1932 30,42637.73%45,43656.34%4,7895.94%
1928 51,76061.88%30,58736.57%1,2961.55%
1924 34,52255.22%10,22316.35%17,76928.42%
1920 27,07759.71%12,84528.32%5,42711.97%
1916 15,28346.68%13,82942.24%3,62511.07%
1912 4,29914.66%9,26231.58%15,76453.76%
1908 15,42952.00%11,10137.41%3,14110.59%
1904 17,23963.16%8,00729.33%2,0507.51%
1900 16,01457.00%11,01039.19%1,0723.82%
1896 14,92856.23%11,02941.55%5892.22%
1892 10,80448.84%10,74748.58%5692.57%
1888 9,92649.37%9,60247.76%5772.87%
1884 8,33947.52%8,34647.56%8644.92%
1880 7,11344.47%7,97549.86%9085.68%

County commissioners

Other county officials

State House of Representatives [17]

DistrictRepresentativeParty
33 Carrie Delrosso Republican
52 Ryan Warner Republican
54 Bob Brooks Republican
55 Jason Silvis Republican
56 George Dunbar Republican
57 Eric Nelson Republican
58 Eric Davanzo Republican
59 Leslie Rossi Republican

State Senate [17]

DistrictSenatorParty
32 Patrick J. Stefano Republican
39 Kim Ward Republican
41 Joe Pittman Republican
45 Jim Brewster Democratic

United States House of Representatives

DistrictRepresentativeParty
13 John Joyce Republican
14 Guy Reschenthaler Republican

United States Senate

SenatorParty
John Fetterman Democratic
Bob Casey Democratic

Education

Public school districts

Map of Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania Public School Districts Map of Westmoreland County Pennsylvania School Districts.png
Map of Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania Public School Districts

School districts: [18]

Public charter schools

According to EdNA [19]

Private high school

Colleges and universities

Additional

Economy

Coal mining became a major industry in the county after the Civil War, followed by expansion of manufacturing of iron, steel and glass. The 600-acre coke works for the Isabella Furnace were built in Cokeville (then Coketown) in Spring of 1872. [20] [21] At one point, company "coal patches" (towns built for miners) represented about one-third of the county's settlements. [22] A major strike by coal miners represented by the United Mine Workers of America took place in 1910–1911. Sixteen people were killed in the strike. [23]

In 2020 the top industries in the county were health care and social services (16.3% of jobs), manufacturing (13.8%) and retail trade (13.7%). [24] Mining comprised less than 1% of the jobs in the county. Westmoreland County is now believed to be the site of over 100 abandoned mines. [25] [26]

Volkswagen's Westmoreland plant near New Stanton in Westmoreland County was the first foreign-owned factory mass-producing automobiles in the U.S. It operated from 1978 to 1988.

Recreation

Autumn on a small state road near the Pennsylvania Turnpike in Laurel Mountains. LaurelMTS1.jpg
Autumn on a small state road near the Pennsylvania Turnpike in Laurel Mountains.

There are four Pennsylvania state parks in Westmoreland County.

Communities

Map of Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania with Municipal Labels showing cities and boroughs (red), Townships (white), and Census-designated places (blue). Map of Westmoreland County Pennsylvania With Municipal and Township Labels.png
Map of Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania with Municipal Labels showing cities and boroughs (red), Townships (white), and Census-designated places (blue).

Under Pennsylvania law, there are four types of incorporated municipalities: cities, boroughs, townships, and, in at most two cases, towns. The following cities, boroughs and townships are located in Westmoreland County:

Cities

Boroughs

Townships

Census-designated places

Census-designated places are geographical areas designated by the U.S. Census Bureau for the purposes of compiling demographic data. They are not actual jurisdictions under Pennsylvania law. Other unincorporated communities, such as villages, may be listed here as well.

Unincorporated communities

Former community

Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Westmoreland County. [30]

county seat

RankCity/Town/etc.Municipal typePopulation (2010 Census)
1 Murrysville Municipality20,079
2 Greensburg City14,892
3 New Kensington City13,116
4 Lower Burrell City11,761
5 Jeannette City9,654
6 Latrobe City8,338
7 Monessen City7,720
8 Vandergrift Borough5,205
9 Arnold City5,157
10 Mount Pleasant Borough4,454
11 Scottdale Borough4,384
12 Level Green CDP4,020
13 Irwin Borough3,973
14 Loyalhanna CDP3,428
15 Manor Borough3,239
16 Trafford (partially in Allegheny County )Borough3,174
17 Youngwood Borough3,050
18 Derry Borough2,688
19 Delmont Borough2,686
20 West Newton Borough2,633
21 Lawson Heights CDP2,194
22 New Stanton Borough2,173
23 Southwest Greensburg Borough2,155
24 South Greensburg Borough2,117
25 Lynnwood-Pricedale CDP2,031
26 North Belle Vernon Borough1,971
27 Ligonier Borough1,573
28 St. Vincent College CDP1,357
29 West Leechburg Borough1,294
30 Calumet CDP1,241
31 Fellsburg CDP1,180
32 Collinsburg CDP1,125
33 Avonmore Borough1,011
34 Norvelt CDP948
35 Export Borough917
36 North Irwin Borough846
37 Oklahoma Borough809
38 Herminie CDP789
39 Hostetter CDP740
40 New Florence Borough689
41 Yukon CDP677
42 East Vandergrift Borough674
43 Sutersville Borough605
44 Millwood CDP566
45 New Alexandria Borough560
46 Bradenville CDP545
47 Grapeville CDP538
48 Mammoth CDP525
49 Hyde Park Borough500
50 Seward Borough495
51 Wyano CDP484
52 Penn Borough475
53 Bolivar Borough465
54 Smithton Borough399
55 Madison Borough397
56 Slickville CDP388
57 Arona Borough370
58 Youngstown Borough326
59 Hunker Borough291
60 Crabtree CDP277
61 Webster CDP255
62 Adamsburg Borough172
63 Laurel Mountain Borough167
64 Harrison City CDP134
65 Donegal Borough120

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

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References

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Coordinates: 40°19′N79°28′W / 40.31°N 79.47°W / 40.31; -79.47