List of federal judges appointed by Grover Cleveland

Last updated

Grover Cleveland President Grover Cleveland Restored.jpg
Grover Cleveland

Following is a list of all Article III United States federal judges appointed by President Grover Cleveland during his presidency. [1] In total Cleveland appointed 45 Article III federal judges, including 4 Justices to the Supreme Court of the United States (including 1 Chief Justice), 11 judges to the United States courts of appeals and United States circuit courts and 30 judges to the United States district courts.

Contents

Additionally, Cleveland appointed 2 judges to the United States Court of Claims, an Article I tribunal.

The Judiciary Act of 1891, approved March 3, 1891, during the intervening administration of President Benjamin Harrison, established the United States courts of appeals. Prior to the passage of that act, United States Circuit Judges were appointed solely to the existing United States circuit courts. Subsequent to the passage of that act, United States Circuit Judges were concurrently appointed to both the United States courts of appeals and the United States circuit courts. This situation persisted until the abolition of the United States circuit courts on December 31, 1911. Starting January 1, 1912, United States Circuit Judges served only upon their respective United States court of appeals.

Thus, the 2 United States Circuit Judges appointed during Cleveland's first administration were appointed solely to the United States circuit court for their respective circuit and were reassigned by operation of law to serve concurrently on the United States court of appeals and United States circuit court on March 3, 1891. The 6 United States Circuit Judges appointed to numbered circuits during Cleveland's second administration were appointed concurrently to the United States court of appeals and United States circuit court.

The Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia (now the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit) was established on February 9, 1893. As the United States Circuit Court for the District of Columbia had been abolished in 1863, the judges of this newly established court served only on the Court of Appeals and had no concurrent Circuit Court service. Cleveland appointed 3 judges to this newly established court during his second administration.

United States Supreme Court justices

First administration

#Justice Seat StateFormer justiceNomination
date
Confirmation
date
Began
active service
Ended
active service
1 Lucius Q. C. Lamar II 3 Mississippi William Burnham Woods December 6, 1887January 16, 1888January 16, 1888January 23, 1893
2 Melville Fuller Chief Illinois Morrison Waite April 30, 1888July 20, 1888July 20, 1888July 4, 1910

Second administration

#Justice Seat StateFormer justiceNomination
date
Confirmation
date
Began
active service
Ended
active service
1 Edward Douglass White 1 Louisiana Samuel Blatchford February 19, 1894February 19, 1894February 19, 1894December 19, 1910
2 Rufus W. Peckham 3 New York Howell Edmunds Jackson December 3, 1895December 9, 1895December 9, 1895October 24, 1909

Court of appeals and circuit courts

First administration

#JudgeCircuitNomination
date
Confirmation
date
Began active
service
Ended active
service
Ended senior
status
1 Howell Edmunds Jackson Sixth April 12, 1886April 12, 1886April 12, 1886March 4, 1893Elevated
2 Emile Henry Lacombe Second December 20, 1887 [Rn 1] February 28, 1888May 26, 1887 [2] December 31, 1911

Second administration

#JudgeCircuitNomination
date
Confirmation
date
Began active
service
Ended active
service
Ended senior
status
1 James Graham Jenkins Seventh March 20, 1893March 23, 1893March 23, 1893February 23, 1905
2 Horace Harmon Lurton Sixth March 22, 1893March 27, 1893March 27, 1893December 20, 1909Elevated
3 Richard H. Alvey D.C. April 14, 1893April 15, 1893April 15, 1893 [3] January 1, 1905
4 Martin Ferdinand Morris D.C. April 14, 1893April 15, 1893April 15, 1893 [4] June 30, 1905
5 Seth Shepard D.C. April 14, 1893April 15, 1893April 15, 1893 [4] January 19, 1905 [5]
6 Charles Henry Simonton Fourth December 11, 1893December 19, 1893December 19, 1893April 25, 1904
7 Amos Madden Thayer Eighth August 6, 1894August 9, 1894August 9, 1894April 24, 1905
8 Erskine Mayo Ross Ninth February 19, 1895February 22, 1895February 22, 1895May 31, 1925December 10, 1928
9 John William Showalter Seventh February 25, 1895March 1, 1895March 1, 1895December 10, 1898

District courts

First administration

#JudgeCourt
[Note 1]
Nomination
date
Confirmation
date
Began active
service
Ended active
service
Ended senior
status
1 William Matthews Merrick D.D.C. December 14, 1885March 30, 1886May 1, 1885 [6] February 4, 1889
2 Henry Franklin Severens W.D. Mich. May 14, 1886May 25, 1886May 25, 1886March 16, 1900Elevated
3 William Truslow Newman N.D. Ga. December 9, 1886January 13, 1887August 13, 1886 [7] February 14, 1920
4 Charles Henry Simonton D.S.C. December 9, 1886January 13, 1887September 3, 1886 [7] December 28, 1893Elevated
5 Erskine Mayo Ross S.D. Cal. December 16, 1886January 13, 1887January 13, 1887March 5, 1895Elevated
6 Harry Theophilus Toulmin S.D. Ala. December 13, 1886January 13, 1887January 13, 1887November 12, 1916
7 Amos Madden Thayer E.D. Mo. February 21, 1887February 26, 1887February 26, 1887August 20, 1894Elevated
8 Martin V. Montgomery D.D.C. December 20, 1887January 26, 1888April 1, 1887 [8] October 2, 1892
9 William J. Allen S.D. Ill. December 20, 1887January 19, 1888April 18, 1887 [9] January 26, 1901
10 Edward Franklin Bingham D.D.C. December 20, 1887January 23, 1888April 22, 1887 [10] April 30, 1903
11 Thomas Sheldon Maxey W.D. Tex. June 18, 1888June 25, 1888June 25, 1888December 12, 1916
12 John Finis Philips W.D. Mo. June 19, 1888June 25, 1888June 25, 1888June 25, 1910
13 James Graham Jenkins E.D. Wis. June 19, 1888July 2, 1888July 2, 1888March 23, 1893Elevated

Second administration

#JudgeCourt
[Note 1]
Nomination
date
Confirmation
date
Began active
service
Ended active
service
Ended senior
status
1 William Henry Seaman E.D. Wis. March 27, 1893April 3, 1893April 3, 1893March 1, 1905Elevated
2 Charles B. Bellinger D. Ore. April 11, 1893April 15, 1893April 15, 1893May 12, 1905
3 Charles Parlange E.D. La. December 11, 1893January 15, 1894January 15, 1894February 4, 1907
4 William H. Brawley D.S.C. December 20, 1893January 18, 1894January 18, 1894June 14, 1911
5 Henry Samuel Priest E.D. Mo. August 6, 1894August 9, 1894August 9, 1894May 23, 1895
6 Charles Dickens Clark E.D. Tenn.
M.D. Tenn.
December 17, 1894January 21, 1895January 21, 1895March 15, 1908
7 Olin Wellborn S.D. Cal. February 25, 1895March 1, 1895March 1, 1895January 31, 1915
8 Elmer B. Adams E.D. Mo. December 4, 1895December 9, 1895May 17, 1895 [11] May 29, 1905Elevated
9 John Augustine Marshall D. Utah January 13, 1896February 4, 1896February 4, 1896September 8, 1915
10 William Lochren D. Minn. May 15, 1896May 18, 1896May 18, 1896July 11, 1908
11 John Emmett Carland D.S.D. December 8, 1896December 15, 1896August 31, 1896 [12] February 6, 1911Elevated
12 Charles F. Amidon D.N.D. December 8, 1896February 18, 1897August 31, 1896 [13] June 2, 1928December 26, 1937
13 Arthur Lewis Brown D.R.I. December 8, 1896December 15, 1896October 15, 1896 [12] June 30, 1927
14 Andrew Kirkpatrick D.N.J. December 8, 1896December 15, 1896November 20, 1896 [12] May 3, 1904
15 William Douglas McHugh D. Neb. December 8, 1896November 20, 1896 [14] March 3, 1897
16 John Henry Rogers W.D. Ark. December 8, 1896December 15, 1896November 27, 1896 [12] April 16, 1911
17 William Henry Munger D. Neb. February 1, 1897February 18, 1897February 18, 1897August 11, 1915

Specialty courts

United States Court of Claims

#JudgeNomination
date
Confirmation
date
Began active
service
Ended active
service
1 Charles C. Nott December 8, 1896December 15, 1896November 23, 1896 [12] [15] December 31, 1905
2 Charles Bowen Howry December 8, 1896January 28, 1897November 23, 1896 [16] March 6, 1915

Notes

Renominations
  1. Originally nominated on December 20, 1887. That nomination was withdrawn on February 27, 1888 and renominated on the same day.

Related Research Articles

United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania United States federal district court in Pennsylvania

The United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania is one of the original 13 federal judiciary districts created by the Judiciary Act of 1789. It originally sat in Independence Hall in Philadelphia as the United States District Court for the District of Pennsylvania, and is now located at the James Byrne Courthouse at 601 Market Street in Philadelphia. There are Eastern District federal courtrooms in Philadelphia, Lancaster, Allentown, Reading, and Easton.

United States District Court for the District of New Jersey United States federal district court of New Jersey

The United States District Court for the District of New Jersey is a federal court in the Third Circuit.

United States District Court for the District of Rhode Island United States district court

The United States District Court for the District of Rhode Island is the federal district court whose jurisdiction is the state of Rhode Island. The District Court was created in 1790 when Rhode Island ratified the Constitution. The Federal Courthouse was built in 1908.

United States District Court for the District of Columbia United States federal district court

The United States District Court for the District of Columbia is a federal district court in the District of Columbia. It also occasionally handles federal issues that arise in the territory of American Samoa, which has no local federal court or territorial court. Appeals from the District are taken to the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit.

The Court of Claims was a federal court that heard claims against the United States government. It was established in 1855, renamed in 1948 to the United States Court of Claims, and abolished in 1982. Then, its jurisdiction was assumed by the newly created United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit and United States Claims Court, which was later renamed the Court of Federal Claims.

References

General
Specific
  1. All information on the names, terms of service, and details of appointment of federal judges is derived from the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
  2. Recess appointment; formally nominated on February 27, 1888, confirmed by the United States Senate on February 28, 1888, and received commission on February 28, 1888.
  3. Appointed as Chief Justice of the court.
  4. 1 2 Appointed as an Associate Justice of the Court.
  5. Laterally appointed Chief Justice of the same court on January 19, 1905.
  6. Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 14, 1885, confirmed by the United States Senate on March 30, 1886, and received commission on March 30, 1886.
  7. 1 2 Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 9, 1886, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 13, 1887, and received commission on January 13, 1887.
  8. Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 20, 1887, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 26, 1888, and received commission on January 26, 1888.
  9. Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 20, 1887, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 19, 1888, and received commission on January 19, 1888.
  10. Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 20, 1887, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 23, 1888, and received commission on January 23, 1888.
  11. Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 4, 1895, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 9, 1895, and received commission on December 9, 1895.
  12. 1 2 3 4 5 Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 8, 1896, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 15, 1896, and received commission on December 15, 1896.
  13. Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 8, 1896, confirmed by the United States Senate on February 18, 1897, and received commission on February 18, 1897.
  14. Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 8, 1896, but the United States Senate did not confirm the appointment. The nomination was withdrawn on February 1, 1897.
  15. Laterally appointed Chief Justice, previously served as a Judge of the same court.
  16. Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 8, 1896, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 28, 1897, and received commission on January 28, 1897.

Sources