East Coast of the United States

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East Coast of the United States
USA states atlantic coast.png
Map of the East Coast of the United States, excluding subdivisions with tidal arms of the Atlantic
Country Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Principal cities Boston
New York
Washington, D.C.
Virginia Beach
Largest city New York City
Largest metropolitan area New York metropolitan area
 (2017 estimate)
  Total118,042,627 [1]
Time zone UTC−05:00 (Eastern)
  Summer (DST) UTC−04:00 (EDT)

The East Coast of the United States, also known as the Eastern Seaboard, the Atlantic Coast, and the Atlantic Seaboard, is the coastline along which the Eastern United States meets the North Atlantic Ocean. The eastern seaboard contains the coastal states and areas east of the Appalachian Mountains that have shoreline on the Atlantic Ocean, namely, Maine, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida. [2]


Toponymy and composition

The place name "East Coast" derives from the idea that the contiguous 48 states are defined by two major coastlines, one at the western edge and one on the eastern edge. Other terms for referring to this area include the "Eastern Seaboard" ("seaboard" being another term for coastline [3] ), "Atlantic Coast", and "Atlantic Seaboard" (because the coastline lies along the Atlantic Ocean).

The 14 states that have a shoreline on the Atlantic Ocean are, from north to south, Maine, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida. [2] In addition, Pennsylvania and the District of Columbia border tidal arms of the Atlantic (the Delaware River and the Potomac River, respectively). The states of Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas (via the Gulf of Mexico), as well as the territories of Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands and Navassa Island (the latter only bordering the Caribbean Sea) have Atlantic coastline, but are not included in the definition.

Although Pennsylvania, Vermont, and West Virginia have no Atlantic coastline, they are grouped with the Eastern Seaboard states because of their locations in the Mid-Atlantic, New England, and the Old South, [4] and their history as part of the land base of the original Thirteen Colonies ( viz. the Colony of New Hampshire, the Colony of New York, and the Colony of Virginia). The Eastern Panhandle of West Virginia is drained by the Potomac River into Chesapeake Bay.

Colonial history

The original Thirteen Colonies of Great Britain in North America all lay along the East Coast. [lower-alpha 1]

Two additional U.S. states on the East Coast were not among the original Thirteen Colonies: Maine (became part of the English colony of Massachusetts in 1677) [5] and Florida (part of New Spain until 1821, though held by the British from after the end of the French and Indian War until 1781). Florida's written history begins with the arrival of Europeans; the Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de León in 1513 made the first textual records. The state received its name from this Spanish conquistador, who called the peninsula La Pascua Florida in recognition of the verdant landscape and because it was the Easter season, which the Spaniards called Pascua Florida (Festival of Flowers). [6]

The Middle Colonies (New Jersey, Pennsylvania, New York, and Delaware) had been owned by the Dutch as New Netherland, until they were ceded to the English in the mid- to late 17th century.[ citation needed ]

Climate and physical geography

South Mountain in Pennsylvania with Allentown in the foreground, December 2010 Allentown viewed from Egypt.jpg
South Mountain in Pennsylvania with Allentown in the foreground, December 2010
Fulton Chain Lakes in Adirondack Park in Upstate New York, August 2007 4thlakesunrise.jpg
Fulton Chain Lakes in Adirondack Park in Upstate New York, August 2007

Three basic climate regions occur on the East Coast according to the Köppen climate classification and four occur according to the Trewartha climate classification from north to south based on the monthly mean temperature of the coldest month (January) and the number of months averaging above 50°F (10°C), respectively:

The region from northern Maine and Upstate New York south to southern Connecticut, most of northern New Jersey, and western Maryland has a humid continental climate (Dfa/Dfb/Dc), with warm-to-hot summers, cold and snowy winters with at least one month averaging below freezing, and four to seven months warmer than 50°F. The area from Long Island and New York City south to southern Delaware and western North Carolina has a temperate climate (Cfa/Do in the Trewartha climate classification), with long and hot summers with at least one month over 22°C (71.6°F,) cool winters with all months over freezing, and six to seven months above 50°F.

The area from the southern Delmarva Peninsula, SE Virginia, and central NC south to central Florida is subtropical (Cfa/Cf), with hot and rainy summers, mild and drier winters, and eight to twelve months above 50°F. Around south-central Florida southward (from the line from Stuart to Fort Myers south through the Florida Keys) exists a tropical climate (Af/Aw/Ar) which is usually frost-free, is warm to hot all year, and has all months averaging above 18°C (64.4°F). This is the only tropical climate in the continental U.S.

The least common climate on the East Coast is the oceanic (Cfb/Do), which is only found on Block Island and Nantucket and in areas of the southern Appalachian Mountains. This zone has all monthly averages between 0 and 22°C and six to seven months above 50°F.

Seasonally, average monthly precipitation ranges from a slight late fall (November) maximum from Massachusetts northward (as at Portland, Maine), to a slight summer maximum in the Mid-Atlantic states from southern Connecticut south to Virginia (as at Wilmington, Delaware and Norfolk, Virginia), to a more pronounced summer maximum from Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, southward along the Southeastern United States coast to Savannah, Georgia. The Florida peninsula has a sharp wet-summer/dry-winter pattern, with 60 to 70% of precipitation falling between June and October in an average year and a dry, and sunny late fall, winter, and early spring.

Although landfalls are rare, the Eastern Seaboard is susceptible to hurricanes in the Atlantic hurricane season, officially running from June 1 to November 30, although hurricanes can occur before or after these dates. [7] Hurricanes Hazel, Hugo, Bob, Isabel, Irene, and Sandy, and most recently Florence, Isaias, Henri, and Ida are some of the more significant storms to have affected the region.

The East Coast (except for eastern Maine) is a low-relief, passive margin coast. [8] It has been shaped by the Pleistocene glaciation in the far northern areas in New England, with offshore islands such as Nantucket, Martha's Vineyard, Block Island, and Fishers Island. From around northern New Jersey southward, the coastal plain broadens southwards, separated from the Piedmont region by the Atlantic Seaboard fall line of the East Coast rivers, often marking the head of navigation and prominent sites of cities. The coastal areas from Long Island south to Florida are often made up of barrier islands that front the coastal areas, with the long stretches of sandy beaches. Many of the larger capes along the lower East Coast are in fact barrier islands, like the Outer Banks of North Carolina and Cape Canaveral, Florida. The Florida Keys are made up of limestone coral and provide the only coral reefs on the US mainland.


In 2010, the population of the states that have shoreline on the East Coast was estimated at 112,642,503 (36% of the country's total population). New York City is both the largest city and the largest metropolitan area on the East Coast. The East Coast is the most populated coastal area in the United States. [9]

Major East Coast cities and metropolitan areas
CityCity Population (2018 est.)Metro Population (2018 est.)State
Old Town Alexandria from George Washington Masonic National Memorial.jpg
159,4289,764,315Flag of Virginia.svg  Virginia
125,845861,889Flag of Pennsylvania.svg  Pennsylvania
Atlanta Downtown July 2010.JPG
498,0445,949,951Flag of Georgia (U.S. state).svg  Georgia
Augusta Georgia Broad Street Lamar Building.jpg
196,939600,151Flag of Georgia (U.S. state).svg  Georgia
Bmore skyline inner harbor.jpg
602,4952,802,789Flag of Maryland.svg  Maryland
Boston Skyline (193150499).jpeg
694,5834,628,910Flag of Massachusetts.svg  Massachusetts
View of Downtown Bridgeport from stairs next to Cabaret Theater.JPG
144,900939,904Flag of Connecticut.svg  Connecticut
Edmondston-Alston with carriage tour.jpg
136,208802,122Flag of South Carolina.svg  South Carolina
Charlotte Skyline 2011 - Ricky W.jpg
872,4982,636,883Flag of North Carolina.svg  North Carolina
Saint Benedict's Parish (Chesapeake, Virginia) - exterior 2.jpg
244,8351,672,319Flag of Virginia.svg  Virginia
Metropolitan Columbia.jpg
Columbia, MD
103,4679,764,315Flag of Maryland.svg  Maryland
Lady Street edited.jpg
Columbia, SC
133,451838,433Flag of South Carolina.svg  South Carolina
Coral Springs downtown January 2019.jpg
Coral Springs
133,5075,762,717Flag of Florida.svg  Florida
SKYL032 Back Porch Skyline DiscoverDurham.jpg
264,3102,106,463Flag of North Carolina.svg  North Carolina
100,69319,979,477Flag of New Jersey.svg  New Jersey
128,88519,979,477Flag of New Jersey.svg  New Jersey
TheMarketHouse FAY.jpg
211,657526,719Flag of North Carolina.svg  North Carolina
Skyline of Fort Lauderdale, Nov-15.jpg
Fort Lauderdale
182,5955,762,717Flag of Florida.svg  Florida
Mid-Atlantic Federal Credit Union, Germantown, Maryland, May 24, 2014.JPG
90,4949,764,315Flag of Maryland.svg  Maryland
Greenville aerial skyline.JPG
70,635920,477Flag of South Carolina.svg  South Carolina
Fort Monroe Aerial.jpg
134,5101,672,319Flag of Virginia.svg  Virginia
Hartford CT (cropped).JPG


122,1051,211,324Flag of Connecticut.svg  Connecticut
Palm Ave-Hialeah - panoramio.jpg
238,9425,828,191Flag of Florida.svg  Florida
Hollywood FL Hollywood Blvd HD01.jpg
154,8235,762,717Flag of Florida.svg  Florida
903,8891,523,615Flag of Florida.svg  Florida
Jersey City skyline - June 2017.jpg
Jersey City
265,54919,979,477Flag of New Jersey.svg  New Jersey
Downtown Miami (8204604490).jpg
470,9146,158,824Flag of Florida.svg  Florida
Miami Gardens FL Sunshine State Arch 01.JPG
Miami Gardens
113,0695,762,717Flag of Florida.svg  Florida
Miramar, Florida neighborhood.png
140,8235,762,717Flag of Florida.svg  Florida
New Haven from East Rock cropped.jpg
New Haven
130,418862,477Flag of Connecticut.svg  Connecticut
Manhattan - Staten Island Ferry, New York, NY, USA - August 19, 2015 05.jpg
New York City
8,398,74819,979,477Flag of New York.svg  New York
Newark October 2016 panorama.jpg
282,09019,979,477Flag of New Jersey.svg  New Jersey
Downtown Newport News.jpg
Newport News
179,2251,672,319Flag of Virginia.svg  Virginia
Skyline of Downtown Norfolk Looking Towards Portsmouth.jpg
244,0761,672,319Flag of Virginia.svg  Virginia
The city beautiful.jpg
285,7132,387,138Flag of Florida.svg  Florida
CR514 East - Road Shade (29271012308).jpg
Palm Bay
114,194543,376Flag of Florida.svg  Florida
145,62719,979,477Flag of New Jersey.svg  New Jersey
BCC South Campus - panoramio.jpg
Pembroke Pines
172,3745,762,717Flag of Florida.svg  Florida
Philadelphia skyline from South Street Bridge January 2020.jpeg
1,584,1386,096,120Flag of Pennsylvania.svg  Pennsylvania
Briney Avenue, Pompano Beach - Panorama.jpg
Pompano Beach
111,9545,762,717Flag of Florida.svg  Florida
Portland Waterfront.jpeg
66,417538,500Flag of Maine.svg  Maine
US Navy 030820-N-9851B-011 Tug boats guide USS Harry S. Truman (CVN 75) up the Elizabeth River, past Portsmouth landmarks.jpg
94,6321,672,319Flag of Virginia.svg  Virginia
Fayetteville Street in downtown Raleigh, North Carolina.jpg
469,2981,337,331Flag of North Carolina.svg  North Carolina
Psl golf course.jpg
Port St. Lucie
195,248438,095Flag of Florida.svg  Florida
Providence RI skyline2.jpg
179,3351,604,291Flag of Rhode Island.svg  Rhode Island
Falls of the James, Downtown Richmond, Virginia, 2008.JPG
228,7831,260,029Flag of Virginia.svg  Virginia
Savannah river street.jpg
145,862389,494Flag of Georgia (U.S. state).svg  Georgia
153,606631,982Flag of Massachusetts.svg  Massachusetts
Stamford Connecticut Skyline Aug 2017.jpg
129,775916,829Flag of Connecticut.svg  Connecticut
Virginia Beach from Fishing Pier.jpg
Virginia Beach
450,1381,725,246Flag of Virginia.svg  Virginia
WashMonument WhiteHouse.jpg
Washington, D.C.
705,7496,216,589Flag of the District of Columbia.svg  District of Columbia
West Palm Beach Aerial November 2014 photo D Ramey Logan.jpg
West Palm Beach
111,3985,762,717Flag of Florida.svg  Florida
Wilmington Delaware skyline.jpg
Wilmington, DE
70,6356,069,875Flag of Delaware.svg  Delaware
Wilmington theater and banking area.JPG
Wilmington, NC
122,607282,573Flag of North Carolina.svg  North Carolina
Jonathan Dunham House WoodbridgeNJ Built1671.JPG
100,45019,979,477Flag of New Jersey.svg  New Jersey


Philadelphia International Airport in Philadelphia, June 2007 Philadelphia International Airport.jpg
Philadelphia International Airport in Philadelphia, June 2007

The primary Interstate Highway along the East Coast is Interstate 95, completed in 2018, [10] [11] which replaced the historic U.S. Route 1 (Atlantic Highway), the original federal highway that traversed all East Coast states, except Delaware. [12] By water, the East Coast is connected from Boston, Massachusetts to Miami, Florida, by the Intracoastal Waterway, also known as the East Coast Canal, which was completed in 1912. [13] [14] Amtrak's Downeaster and Northeast Regional offer the main passenger rail service on the Seaboard. The Acela Express offers the only high-speed rail passenger service in the Americas. Between New York and Boston the Acela Express has up to a 54% share of the combined train and air passenger market. [15] [16]

Some of the largest airports in the United States are located along the East Coast of the United States, such as John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York, Logan International Airport in Boston, Newark Liberty Airport in Newark, New Jersey, Philadelphia International Airport in Philadelphia, Baltimore–Washington International Airport near Baltimore, Washington-Dulles International Airport near Washington, D.C., Hartsfield–Jackson International Airport in Atlanta, Miami International Airport in Miami, Charlotte Douglas International Airport in Charlotte, Tampa International Airport in Tampa and Orlando International Airport in Orlando, Florida.


The fast-paced streets of New York City, January 2020 Fast-Paced Streets of New York City.jpg
The fast-paced streets of New York City, January 2020

As the first spot in the United States that immigrants arrived and the close proximity of Europe, the Caribbean and Latin America, the East Coast is home to a diverse population and home to multi-cultures when compared to the rest of the US. From the strong Latin culture in southern Florida and New York City, to the 200-year-old Gullah culture of the low country coastal islands of Georgia and South Carolina, to the many historic cities in the Middle Atlantic where a strong English, German, Italian, Irish, and French culture are present, the East Coast is significantly more diverse than the rest of the United States. Numerous Chinatowns in New York City, and Little Havana in Miami, are examples of such cultural centers in the bigger cities.

Aerial view of exurban Monroe Township, Middlesex County, New Jersey housing tracts in 2010. Since then, significant new housing construction is rendering an increasingly affluent and suburban environment to Monroe Township, while maintaining the proximity to New York City sought by Indian Americans in this township with the fastest-growing Asian Indian population in the Western Hemisphere. Fcc2.jpg
Aerial view of exurban Monroe Township, Middlesex County, New Jersey housing tracts in 2010. Since then, significant new housing construction is rendering an increasingly affluent and suburban environment to Monroe Township, while maintaining the proximity to New York City sought by Indian Americans in this township with the fastest-growing Asian Indian population in the Western Hemisphere.

The East Coast is home to much of the political and financial power of the United States, as well as the center for resort and travel destinations in the United States. New York City is the largest city and financial center of the world. Seventy-one of the world's Fortune 500 companies have their corporate headquarters in New York City, while Midtown Manhattan with 400 million square feet of office space in 2018, is the largest central business district in the world. Washington, D.C. is the capital and political nerve center of the United States. Many organizations such as defense contractors, civilian contractors, nonprofit organizations, lobbying firms, trade unions, industry trade groups and professional associations have their headquarters in or near Washington, D.C., in order to be close to the federal government.

Miami and Florida are two of the top domestic and international travel destinations in the United States. Miami is the warmest major city in the United States in winter, this factor contributes to it being a major tourism hub for international visitors. Miami has one of the largest concentrations of international banks in the United States, and the third tallest skyline in the U.S. with over 300 high-rises, 55 of which exceed 490 ft (149 m). The port of Miami is the busiest cruise port in the world in both passenger traffic and cruise lines, with over 5.5 million cruise passengers passing through the port each year. The center for tropical plant culture and research in the United States is based in Miami at Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden, while the state of Florida is the number two producer of oranges in the world behind Brazil.

See also


  1. Those colonies were New Hampshire, Massachusetts Bay, Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia. While Pennsylvania is not directly along the Atlantic shoreline, it borders the tidal portion of the Delaware River and the city of Philadelphia was a major seaport.

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">U.S. Route 1</span> Numbered U.S. Highway in the United States

U.S. Route 1 or U.S. Highway 1 (US 1) is a major north–south United States Numbered Highway that serves the East Coast of the United States. It runs 2,370 miles (3,810 km) from Key West, Florida, north to Fort Kent, Maine, at the Canadian border, making it the longest north–south road in the United States. US 1 is generally paralleled by Interstate 95 (I-95), though US 1 is significantly farther west (inland) between Jacksonville, Florida, and Petersburg, Virginia, while I-95 is closer to the coastline. In contrast, US 1 in Maine is much closer to the coast than I-95, which runs farther inland than US 1. The route connects most of the major cities of the East Coast—including Miami, Jacksonville, Raleigh, Richmond, Washington, D.C., Baltimore, Philadelphia, New York City, and Boston passing from the Southeastern United States to New England.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Interstate 95</span> Interstate Highway on the east coast of the United States between Miami and Maine

Interstate 95 (I-95) is the main north–south Interstate Highway on the East Coast of the United States, running from U.S. Route 1 (US 1) in Miami, Florida, to the Houlton–Woodstock Border Crossing between Maine and the Canadian province of New Brunswick. The highway largely parallels the Atlantic coast and US 1, except for the portion between Savannah and Washington and the portion between Portland and Houlton, both of which follow a more direct inland route.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hurricane Floyd</span> Category 4 Atlantic hurricane in 1999

Hurricane Floyd was a very powerful Cape Verde hurricane which struck the Bahamas and the East Coast of the United States. It was the sixth named storm, fourth hurricane, and third major hurricane in the 1999 Atlantic hurricane season. Floyd triggered the fourth largest evacuation in US history when 2.6 million coastal residents of five states were ordered from their homes as it approached. The hurricane formed off the coast of Africa and lasted from September 7 to 19, becoming extratropical after September 17, and peaked in strength as a very strong Category 4 hurricane—just 2 mph short of the highest possible rating on the Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale. It was among the largest Atlantic hurricanes of its strength ever recorded, in terms of gale-force diameter.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Southeastern United States</span> Eastern portion of the Southern United States

The Southeastern United States, also referred to as the American Southeast or simply the Southeast, is a geographical region of the United States. It is located broadly on the eastern portion of the southern United States and the southern portion of the eastern United States. It comprises at least a core of states on the lower East Coast of the United States and eastern Gulf Coast. Expansively, it reaches as far north as West Virginia and Maryland, and stretching as far west as Arkansas and Louisiana. There is no official U.S. government definition of the region, though various agencies and departments use different definitions.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hurricane Donna</span> Category 4 Atlantic hurricane in 1960

Hurricane Donna, known in Puerto Rico as Hurricane San Lorenzo, was the strongest hurricane of the 1960 Atlantic hurricane season, and caused severe damage to the Lesser Antilles, the Greater Antilles, and the East Coast of the United States, especially Florida, in August–September. The fifth tropical cyclone, third hurricane, and first major hurricane of the season, Donna developed south of Cape Verde on August 29, spawned by a tropical wave to which 63 deaths from a plane crash in Senegal were attributed. The depression strengthened into Tropical Storm Donna by the following day. Donna moved west-northwestward at roughly 20 mph (32 km/h) and by September 1, it reached hurricane status. Over the next three days, Donna deepened significantly and reached maximum sustained winds of 130 mph (210 km/h) on September 4. Thereafter, it maintained intensity as it struck the Lesser Antilles later that day. On Sint Maarten, the storm left a quarter of the island's population homeless and killed seven people. An additional five deaths were reported in Anguilla, and there were seven other fatalities throughout the Virgin Islands. In Puerto Rico, severe flash flooding led to 107 fatalities, 85 of them in Humacao alone.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hurricane Gloria</span> Category 4 Atlantic hurricane in 1985

Hurricane Gloria was a powerful hurricane that caused significant damage along the east coast of the United States and in Atlantic Canada during the 1985 Atlantic hurricane season. It was the first significant tropical cyclone to strike the northeastern United States since Hurricane Agnes in 1972 and the first major storm to affect New York City and Long Island directly since Hurricane Donna in 1960. Gloria was a powerful Cape Verde hurricane originating from a tropical wave on September 16 in the eastern Atlantic Ocean. After remaining a weak tropical cyclone for several days, Gloria intensified into a hurricane on September 22 north of the Lesser Antilles. During that time, the storm had moved generally westward, although it turned to the northwest due to a weakening of the ridge. Gloria quickly intensified on September 24, and the next day reached peak winds of 145 mph (230 km/h). The hurricane weakened before striking the Outer Banks of North Carolina on September 27. Later that day, Gloria made two subsequent landfalls on Long Island and across the coastline of western Connecticut, before becoming extratropical on September 28 over New England. The remnants moved through Atlantic Canada and went on to impact Western Europe, eventually dissipating on October 4.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Atlantic Coast Line Railroad</span> Defunct American Class I railroad

The Atlantic Coast Line Railroad was a United States Class I railroad formed in 1900, though predecessor railroads had used the ACL brand since 1871. In 1967 it merged with long-time rival Seaboard Air Line Railroad to form the Seaboard Coast Line Railroad. Much of the original ACL network has been part of CSX Transportation since 1986.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hurricane Carol</span> Category 3 Atlantic hurricane in 1954

Hurricane Carol was among the worst tropical cyclones on record to affect the states of Connecticut and Rhode Island in the United States. It developed from a tropical wave near the Bahamas on August 25, 1954, and slowly strengthened as it moved northwestward. On August 27, Carol intensified to reach winds of 105 mph (165 km/h), but weakened as its motion turned to a northwest drift. A strong trough of low pressure turned the hurricane northeastward, and Carol later intensified into a major hurricane. While paralleling the Mid-Atlantic and Southeastern United States, the storm produced strong winds and rough seas that caused minor coastal flooding and slight damage to houses in North Carolina, Virginia, Washington, D.C., Delaware, and New Jersey. The well-organized hurricane accelerated north-northeastward and made landfall on eastern Long Island, New York, and then over eastern Connecticut on August 31 with sustained winds estimated at 110-mph and a barometric pressure near 956 mb. Carol later transitioned into an extratropical cyclone over New Hampshire, on August 31, 1954.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1944 Great Atlantic hurricane</span> Category 4 Atlantic hurricane in 1944

The 1944 Great Atlantic hurricane was a destructive and powerful tropical cyclone that swept across a large portion of the United States East Coast in September 1944. New England was most affected, though so were the Outer Banks, Mid-Atlantic states, and the Canadian Maritimes. The storm's ferocity and path drew comparisons to the 1938 Long Island Express, one of the worst storms in New England history.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Northeast megalopolis</span> Megaregion of the U.S.

The Northeast megalopolis, also known as the Northeast Corridor, Acela Corridor, Boston–Washington corridor, or BosWash, is the world's largest megalopolis in terms of economic output and the second most populous megalopolis in the United States with 52.3 million residents as of 2019.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Atlantic Coast Bicycle Route</span>

Adventure Cycling Association's Atlantic Coast Bicycle Route is a 2,615-mile-long (4,208 km) bicycle touring route traversing the East Coast of the United States. The route has two connecting segments, extending nearly the entire length of the nation's eastern margin. The northern section of the route features historic New England coastal villages and towns, rural countrysides, and Amish farmlands. The route's southern section begins after the Mason–Dixon Line and is notable for the Civil War battlefields in Fredericksburg, Virginia, and the city of Richmond, Virginia. The northern section of the route can be ridden between late spring and late fall, and the southern section can be ridden year-round.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1945 Homestead hurricane</span> Category 4 Atlantic hurricane in 1945

The 1945 Homestead hurricane was the most intense tropical cyclone to strike the U.S. state of Florida since 1935. The ninth tropical storm, third hurricane, and third major hurricane of the season, it developed east-northeast of the Leeward Islands on September 12. Moving briskly west-northwestward, the storm became a major hurricane on September 13. The system moved over the Turks and Caicos Islands the following day and then Andros on September 15. Later that day, the storm peaked as a Category 4 hurricane on the modern-day Saffir–Simpson hurricane wind scale with winds of 130 mph (215 km/h). Late on September 15, the hurricane made landfall on Key Largo and then in southern Miami-Dade County, and across Homestead, FL where much damage was done and winds were clocked at Homestead Army Air Corps Base at 145 mph.

<i>Champion</i> (train)

The Champion was a streamlined passenger train operated by the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad and Florida East Coast Railway between New York City and Miami or St. Petersburg, Florida. It operated from 1939 until 1979, continuing under the Seaboard Coast Line and Amtrak. It was a direct competitor to the Seaboard Air Line Railway's Silver Meteor, the first New York-Florida streamliner.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hurricane Hanna (2008)</span> Category 1 Atlantic hurricane in 2008

Hurricane Hanna was a moderately powerful but deadly tropical cyclone that caused extensive damage across the Western Atlantic, particularly in the Turks and Caicos Islands and the East Coast of the United States. The eighth named storm and fourth hurricane of the 2008 Atlantic hurricane season. It formed east-northeast of the northern Leeward Islands on August 28. Initially, the storm struggled to intensify due to moderate wind shear as it moved westwards towards the Bahamas. By August 31, Hanna had drifted southwards and began intensifying while over the Bahamas; it attained its peak intensity as a Category 1 hurricane while over the Turks and Caicos Islands. Due to the outflow of the nearby Hurricane Gustav, Hanna weakened back into a tropical storm the next day as it began to drift northwestwards towards the Southeastern United States. The storm struck Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, before moving up the Eastern Seaboard to become an extratropical cyclone as it moved by New England into Atlantic Canada early on September 7. The system raced across the North Atlantic, sweeping west of Great Britain on September 10 before turning north and becoming absorbed by a stronger extratropical cyclone between Iceland and Greenland late on September 12.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Climate of Miami</span> Overview of the climate of Miami

The climate of Miami is classified as having a tropical monsoon climate with hot and humid summers; short, warm winters; and a marked drier season in the winter. Its sea-level elevation, coastal location, position just above the Tropic of Cancer, and proximity to the Gulf Stream shape its climate.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tropical Storm Brenda (1960)</span> Atlantic tropical cyclone

Tropical Storm Brenda was the second named storm of the 1960 Atlantic hurricane season. It developed in the northeastern Gulf of Mexico on July 28, and after moving ashore over the Florida Peninsula, it attained tropical storm status. It accelerated northeast along the U.S. East Coast, ultimately peaking as a moderate storm with winds of 60 mph (97 km/h) before crossing the Mid-Atlantic states and New England; it dissipated on July 31 over southern Canada. It inflicted moderate damage in Florida, the worst since Hurricane Easy of 1950, and dropped heavy rainfall as far north as New York City. Its total damage was estimated at US$5 million, and only indirect deaths were blamed on it.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hurricane Sandy</span> Category 3 Atlantic hurricane in 2012

Hurricane Sandy was the deadliest, most destructive, and strongest hurricane of the 2012 Atlantic hurricane season. The storm inflicted nearly $70 billion in damage and killed 233 people across eight countries from the Caribbean to Canada. The eighteenth named storm, tenth hurricane, and second major hurricane of the year, Sandy was a Category 3 storm at its peak intensity when it made landfall in Cuba. While it was a Category 2 hurricane off the coast of the Northeastern United States, the storm became the largest Atlantic hurricane on record as measured by diameter, with tropical-storm-force winds spanning 1,150 miles (1,850 km).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tropical Storm Andrea (2013)</span> Atlantic Tropical storm in the 2013

Tropical Storm Andrea brought flooding to Cuba, the Yucatan Peninsula, and portions of the East Coast of the United States in June 2013. The first tropical cyclone and named storm of the annual hurricane season, Andrea originated from an area of low pressure in the eastern Gulf of Mexico on June 5. Despite strong wind shear and an abundance of dry air, the storm strengthened while initially heading north-northeastward. Later on June 5, it re-curved northeastward and approached the Big Bend region of Florida. Andrea intensified and peaked as a strong tropical storm with winds at 65 mph (100 km/h) on June 6. A few hours later, the storm weakened slightly and made landfall near Steinhatchee, Florida later that day. It began losing tropical characteristics while tracking across Florida and Georgia. Andrea transitioned into an extratropical cyclone over South Carolina on June 7, though the remnants continued to move along the East Coast of the United States, until being absorbed by another extratropical system offshore Maine on June 10.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">January 2018 North American blizzard</span>

The January 2018 North American blizzard caused widespread severe disruption and blizzard conditions across much of the East Coasts of the United States and Canada in early January 2018. The storm dropped up to 2 feet of snow in the Mid-Atlantic states, New England, and Atlantic Canada, while areas as far south as southern Georgia and far northern Florida had brief wintry precipitation, with 0.1 inches of snow measured officially in Tallahassee, Florida. The storm originated on January 3 as an area of low pressure off the coast of the Southeast. Moving swiftly to the northeast, the storm explosively deepened while moving parallel to the Eastern Seaboard, causing significant snowfall accumulations. The storm received various unofficial names, such as Winter Storm Grayson, Blizzard of 2018 and Storm Brody. The storm was also dubbed a "historic bomb cyclone".


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