Outline of the United States

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United States (orthographic projection).svg

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the United States of America :

An outline, also called a hierarchical outline, is a list arranged to show hierarchical relationships and is a type of tree structure. An outline is used to present the main points or topics (terms) of a given subject. Each item in an outline may be divided into additional sub-items. If an organizational level in an outline is to be sub-divided, it shall have at least two subcategories, as advised by major style manuals in current use. An outline may be used as a drafting tool of a document, or as a summary of the content of a document or of the knowledge in an entire field. It is not to be confused with the general context of the term "outline", which a summary or overview of a subject, presented verbally or written in prose. The outlines described in this article are lists, and come in several varieties.

United States Federal republic in North America

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country comprising 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the most populous city is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico. The State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.

Contents

General reference

An enlargeable map of the United States showing the population density in 2010 US population map.png
An enlargeable map of the United States showing the population density in 2010

An abbreviation is a shortened form of a word or phrase. It consists of a group of letters taken from the word or phrase. For example, the word abbreviation can itself be represented by the abbreviation abbr., abbrv., or abbrev.

United Kingdom Country in Europe

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world. The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain and Ireland. The United Kingdom's 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi) were home to an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017.

Commonwealth of Nations Intergovernmental organisation

The Commonwealth of Nations, normally known as the Commonwealth, and historically the British Commonwealth, is a unique political association of 53 member states, nearly all of them former territories of the British Empire. The chief institutions of the organisation are the Commonwealth Secretariat, which focuses on intergovernmental aspects, and the Commonwealth Foundation, which focuses on non-governmental relations between member states.

Geography of the United States

An enlargeable topographic map of the contiguous United States USATopographicalMap.jpg
An enlargeable topographic map of the contiguous United States
Megadiverse countries any one of a group of nations that harbor the majority of Earths species and high numbers of endemic species

The term megadiverse country refers to any one of a group of nations that harbor the majority of Earth's species and high numbers of endemic species. Conservation International identified 18 megadiverse countries in 1998. Many of them are located in, or partially in, tropical or subtropical regions.

Nation state Political term for a state that is based around a nation

A nation state is a state in which the great majority shares the same culture and is conscious of it. The nation state is an ideal in which cultural boundaries match up with political ones. According to one definition, "a nation state is a sovereign state of which most of its subjects are united also by factors which defined a nation such as language or common descent." It is a more precise concept than "country", since a country does not need to have a predominant ethnic group.

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders. Four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names.

Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 8,893 km (5,525 mi) [note 1]
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 3,145 km (1,954 mi) [1]
  • Coastline: 19,924 km (12,380 mi)

Environment of the United States

An enlargeable satellite composite image of the contiguous United States. Lush temperate, subtropical, and tropical vegetation and low to moderately high mountains prevail throughout the humid east, and high mountains, plateaus, temperate and subtropical savannas, and hot dry deserts prevail in the west. USA-satellite.jpg
An enlargeable satellite composite image of the contiguous United States. Lush temperate, subtropical, and tropical vegetation and low to moderately high mountains prevail throughout the humid east, and high mountains, plateaus, temperate and subtropical savannas, and hot dry deserts prevail in the west.

Geographic features of the United States

Grand Canyon - North Rim Panorama - Sept 2004 edit.jpg
View from the North Rim of the Grand Canyon, a World Heritage Site

Regions of the United States

Physiographic divisions of the United States

The geography of the United States varies across their immense area. Within the contential U.S., eight distinct physiographic divisions exist, though each is composed of several smaller physiographic subdivisions. [2] These major divisions are:

Administrative divisions of the United States

States of the United States

At the Declaration of Independence, the United States consisted of 13 states, former colonies of the United Kingdom. In the following years, the number of states has grown steadily due to expansion to the west, conquest and purchase of lands by the American government, and division of existing states to the current number of 50 United States:

Map of the United States with state border lines. Note that Alaska and Hawaii are shown at different scales, and that the Aleutian Islands and the uninhabited northwestern Hawaiian Islands are omitted from this map. Map of USA with state names.svg
Map of the United States with state border lines. Note that Alaska and Hawaii are shown at different scales, and that the Aleutian Islands and the uninhabited northwestern Hawaiian Islands are omitted from this map.

Territories of the United States

Location of the insular areas of the United States:
The United States of America
Incorporated unorganized territory
Unincorporated organized territory
Unincorporated unorganized territory
Freely associated commonwealth US insular areas.svg
Location of the insular areas of the United States:
  The United States of America
  Incorporated unorganized territory
  Unincorporated organized territory
  Unincorporated unorganized territory
  Freely associated commonwealth
Incorporated organized territories
  • none since 1959
Incorporated unorganized territories
Unincorporated organized territories
Unincorporated unorganized territories

Geography of the states and territories

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Demography of the United States

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Climate of the United States

History of the United States

John Trumbull's Declaration of Independence is usually incorrectly identified as a depiction of the signing of the Declaration of Independence, but it actually shows the drafting committee presenting its work to the Congress. Declaration independence.jpg
John Trumbull's Declaration of Independence is usually incorrectly identified as a depiction of the signing of the Declaration of Independence, but it actually shows the drafting committee presenting its work to the Congress.
A map of the territorial evolution of the United States U.S. territorial acquisitions-en.png
A map of the territorial evolution of the United States

Period-coverage

History of the states and territories

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Presidents of the United States

Government and politics in the United States

Federal government

Legislative branch

The United States Capitol US Capitol Building at night Jan 2006.jpg
The United States Capitol

Executive branch

The White House WhiteHouseSouthFacade.JPG
The White House
Federal executive departments

All departments are listed by their present-day name and only departments with past or present cabinet-level status are listed. Order of succession applies only to within the cabinet; the vice president has always been first in the line of succession, and the Speaker of the House and the President pro tem of the Senate have at times been included.

DepartmentCreationOrder of
succession
Modifications since creation2007 Budget
in billions
of dollars
Employees (2007)
State 17891Initially named "Department of Foreign Affairs"9.9630,266
Treasury 1789211.10115,897
Defense 19473Initially named "National Military Establishment"439.303,000,000
Justice 18704Position of Attorney General created in 1789, but had no department until 187023.40112,557
Interior 1849510.7071,436
Agriculture 1889677.60109,832
Commerce 19037Originally named Commerce and Labor; Labor later separated6.2036,000
Labor 1913859.7017,347
Health and Human Services 19539Originally named Health, Education, and Welfare; Education later separated543.2067,000
Housing and Urban Development 19651046.2010,600
Transportation 19661158.0058,622
Energy 19771221.50116,100
Education 19791362.804,487
Veterans Affairs 19891473.20235,000
Homeland Security 20021544.60208,000
Total budget (fiscal year 2007):1,523.424,193,144

Commissions

Judicial branch

The United States Supreme Court building Portico -US Supreme Court Building.jpg
The United States Supreme Court building

State and territory governments

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Politics of the states and territories

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Foreign relations

International organization membership

Military

The Pentagon The Pentagon US Department of Defense building.jpg
The Pentagon

Intelligence Organizations

Headquarters of the Central Intelligence Agency CIA New HQ Entrance.jpg
Headquarters of the Central Intelligence Agency

Law of the United States

Culture of the United States

American cuisine

Historical cuisine

Cuisine of the regions

Art in the United States

Film

Music in the United States

Genres
Music in the states and territories

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Radio

Sports in the United States

List of Major Sports Leagues in the United States

Other top-level leagues and series
Minor and developmental professional leagues
College sports
Sports governing bodies

Sports by state and territory

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Sports Museums in the United States

Education in the United States

Education in the states and territories

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Economy and infrastructure of the United States

Outline of the United States
The United States is the world's largest economy (IMF, 2010).

Economy by state and territory

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Tourism in the United States

See also

Notes

  1. The total length of the land border between Canada and the United States is the longest between any two countries.

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References

  1. "U.S.-Mexico Border". National Geographic. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2017-08-09.
  2. "Physiographic Regions". United States Geological Survey. 2003-04-17. Archived from the original on 2006-05-15. Retrieved 2008-01-30.
  3. DOI Office of Internal Affairs "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-05-13. Retrieved 2012-05-13.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
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