World Golf Hall of Fame

Last updated
World Golf Hall of Fame
and Museum
WGHOFlogo.PNG
EstablishedMay 19, 1998 (May 19, 1998)
Location St. Johns County, Florida
Type Professional sports hall of fame
Visitors350,000/year (2009)
Website www.worldgolfhalloffame.org

The World Golf Hall of Fame is located at World Golf Village near St. Augustine, Florida, in the United States, and it is unusual among sports halls of fame in that a single site honors both men and women. It is supported by a consortium of 26 golf organizations from all over the world. [1]

World Golf Village human settlement in United States of America

The World Golf Village (WGV) is a golf resort in St. Johns County, Florida, United States, located between Jacksonville and St. Augustine. It was created by the PGA Tour and showcases the World Golf Hall of Fame. In addition to the resort the World Golf Village features residential and commercial developments.

St. Augustine, Florida City in Florida, United States

St. Augustine is a city in the Southeastern United States, on the Atlantic coast of northeastern Florida. Founded in 1565 by Spanish explorers, it is the oldest continuously inhabited European-established settlement within the borders of the continental United States. It is the second oldest city in United States territory after San Juan, Puerto Rico.

United States Federal republic in North America

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country comprising 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the most populous city is New York City. Most of the country is located contiguously in North America between Canada and Mexico.

Contents

The Hall of Fame Museum Building was designed by the specialist museum architecture firm E. Verner Johnson and Associates of Boston. They also produced the museum master plan that established the size, mission and qualities of the museum and the surrounding facilities and site.

Museum architecture

Museum architecture has been of increasing importance over the centuries, especially more recently.

Boston State capital of Massachusetts, U.S.

Boston is the capital and most populous city of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States. The city proper covers 48 square miles (124 km2) with an estimated population of 694,583 in 2018, making it also the most populous city in New England. Boston is the seat of Suffolk County as well, although the county government was disbanded on July 1, 1999. The city is the economic and cultural anchor of a substantially larger metropolitan area known as Greater Boston, a metropolitan statistical area (MSA) home to a census-estimated 4.8 million people in 2016 and ranking as the tenth-largest such area in the country. As a combined statistical area (CSA), this wider commuting region is home to some 8.2 million people, making it the sixth most populous in the United States.

The Hall of Fame Museum features a permanent exhibition and a rolling program of temporary exhibitions. Designed by museum design firm Ralph Appelbaum Associates, the Hall of Fame and exhibition area contains exhibits on the game's history, heritage, and techniques; major players and organizations; golf course design, equipment, and dress; and new directions, such as ecological concerns in course management. [2]

History

The World Golf Hall of Fame was originally located in Pinehurst, North Carolina, and was privately operated by Diamondhead Corp., then owners of the Pinehurst Resort. It opened in September 1974 with an initial class of 13 members. [3] Initially it was a local project, but the PGA of America took over management in 1983 and acquired full ownership in 1986.

Pinehurst, North Carolina Village in North Carolina, United States

Pinehurst is a village in Moore County, North Carolina, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 13,124. It is home of the historic golf resort, Pinehurst Resort. A large portion of the central village, including the resort complexes, is a National Historic Landmark District, designated in 1996 for its landscape design and its significance in the history of golf in the United States.

Pinehurst Resort golf resort

Pinehurst Resort is a historic golf resort in the United States, located in Pinehurst, North Carolina. It has hosted a number of prestigious golf tournaments.

Two other halls of fame have been merged into the World Golf Hall of Fame. The PGA of America established one in 1940, which was merged into the Pinehurst Hall in the 1980s. The Hall of Fame of Women's Golf was established by the LPGA in 1951, with four charter members: Patty Berg, Betty Jameson, Louise Suggs, and Babe Zaharias. It was inactive for some years, but in 1967 it moved into its first physical premises, which were in Augusta, Georgia and was renamed the LPGA Tour Hall of Fame. In 1998 it merged into the World Golf Hall of Fame.

LPGA Association of female professional golfers in the United States

The Ladies Professional Golf Association (LPGA) is an American organization for female professional golfers. The organization is headquartered at the LPGA International in Daytona Beach, Florida, and is best known for running the LPGA Tour, a series of weekly golf tournaments for elite female golfers from around the world.

Patricia Jane Berg was an American professional golfer and a founding member and then leading player on the LPGA Tour during the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s. Her 15 major title wins remains the all-time record for most major wins by a female golfer. She is a member of the World Golf Hall of Fame.

Elizabeth May Jameson was an American professional golfer. She was one of the thirteen founders of the Ladies Professional Golf Association (LPGA) in 1950. She won three major championships and a total of thirteen events during her career, one as amateur and twelve as a professional. She is a member of the World Golf Hall of Fame.

In 1994 the global golf industry established a non-profit making body called the World Golf Foundation to promote the sport, with the creation of an enhanced Hall of Fame as one of its main objectives. Construction at the new site in St. Johns County began in 1996 and the new facility opened on May 19, 1998.

The World Golf Foundation (WGF) is an organization that was formed in 1994 to promote and honor the game of golf and those who made significant contributions to the game.

Membership categories

Hall of Fame building at World Golf Village. Main building, World Golf Hall of Fame.jpg
Hall of Fame building at World Golf Village.

In October 2013, the Hall announced that it was reviewing its selection process and that there would be no induction ceremony in 2014. [4] [5] A new process was announced in March 2014.

Starting in 2014, members are inducted into the Hall of Fame in one of four categories: Male Competitor, Female Competitor, Veterans, and Lifetime Achievement categories. Elections are held every other year with induction ceremonies in odd number years beginning in 2015. The process has changed from that used from 1996 to 2013. The minimum qualifications for male and female competitors are: minimum of 40 years old, or five years removed from "active competition" and 15 or more wins on "approved tours" or two "major wins". The veterans category is primarily for those golfers whose careers ended before 1980 and includes both amateurs and professionals. The lifetime achievement category remains from the old system. [6]

A 20-member selection sub-committee will choose from among the eligible candidates and select ballots for a selection committee. There will be five names each on the male and female ballots and three names each on the veterans and lifetime achievement ballots. A separate 16-member selection committee will then vote on all four ballots. Election to the Hall of Fame will require 75% of the vote and each year's election class is limited to two from each ballot and five total. [6] [7]

In 2016, the Hall announced that the age requirement would be raised to 50 from 40 years old. [8]

Qualification details

A player must have turned 50 years old prior to January 1 of the year the ballots are constructed (2016 for the 2017 induction). The "active competition" requirement will be determined by each "approved tour" that the player is/was a member of.

Male

Female

Categories from 1996 to 2013

From 1996 to 2013, members were inducted into the Hall of Fame in one of five categories: PGA Tour/Champions Tour, LPGA Tour, International, Lifetime Achievement, and Veterans.

PGA Tour/Champions Tour ballot

Current and former PGA Tour and Champions Tour players were eligible for this ballot if they met the following requirements (beginning with 1996 election):

  • PGA Tour
  • Champions Tour
    • Champions Tour member for five years
    • 20 wins between PGA Tour and Champions Tour or five wins in the majors (regular or senior) or Players Championship

Election requirements:

Years% of returned ballots needed for election
1996–200075%
2001–200365%
2004–201365%, in the event that no candidate receives 65%, the
nominee receiving the most votes with at least 50% is elected

Voters voted for up to 30% of the players on the ballot. If a player was named on less than 5% of the ballots for two consecutive years, they were dropped from the ballot. Players not elected could remain on the ballot indefinitely [9] (prior to 2007 the limit was 10 years, from 2007 to 2009 the limit was 15 years). [10]

LPGA point system

LPGA Tour golfers were eligible through a point system. Since 1999, LPGA members automatically qualified for World Golf Hall of Fame membership when they meet these three criteria:

  1. Must be/have been an "active" LPGA Tour member for 10 years.
  2. Must have won/been awarded at least one of the following - an LPGA major championship, the Vare Trophy or Player of the Year honors; and
  3. Must have accumulated a total of 27 points, which are awarded as follows - one point for each LPGA official tournament win, two points for each LPGA major tournament win and one point for each Vare Trophy or Rolex Player of the Year honor earned.

Before 1999, players had to win 30 tournaments, including two majors; 35 tournaments with one major; or 40 tournaments in all to automatically qualify. At one time, players had to win two different majors to qualify with 30 wins, but this was changed earlier in the 1990s.

This point system is still used for selection to the LPGA Hall of Fame. [11]

International ballot

Men and women golfers not fully eligible for PGA/Champions Tour ballot or the LPGA Tour point system were eligible for the International ballot if they met the following requirements [12] (beginning with the 1996 election):

Election requirements: same as PGA Tour ballot.

Lifetime Achievement category

There was also a "lifetime achievement" category through which anyone who had made a major contribution to the organization or promotion of the sport may be selected, for example, Bob Hope. These members were chosen by the Hall of Fame's Board of Directors. Most played golf, in some cases with some competitive success, but it was not their play alone which won them a place in the Hall of Fame.

Veteran's category

The last category was created to honor professional or amateur players whose career concluded at least 30 years ago. These members were also chosen by the Hall of Fame's Board of Directors.

Membership

New members are inducted each year on the Monday before The Players Championship [13] (previous to 2010 in October or November), and by May 2013 there were 146 members. Beginning in 2010, the ballots are due in July with the results announced later in the year. New entrants in the Lifetime Achievement and Veteran's categories are announced at irregular intervals. For example, Frank Chirkinian was elected in the Lifetime Achievement category in an emergency election in February 2011, with the vote presumably held because he was then terminally ill with lung cancer; [14] when it became clear he would not live to attend his induction, he videotaped his acceptance speech in late February, less than two weeks before his death. [15]

Men

Unless stated otherwise these men were inducted mainly for their on-course success. The exceptions mostly correspond with the lifetime achievement category, but not quite. For example, Charlie Sifford was notable as a player but was inducted for lifetime achievement.

Women

The first five women on this list were grandfathered in 1998 from the Hall of Fame of Women's Golf, which was founded in 1951, via the LPGA Tour Hall of Fame, which was inaugurated in 1967. The list shows the years when they were originally inducted into the Hall of Fame of Women's Golf. Unless stated otherwise the women on the list were inducted primarily for their on-course achievements.

See also

Notes

  1. This specifically refers to events recognized as majors by the U.S. LPGA. The three richest women's tours each recognize a different set of majors, although the U.S. LPGA set is by far the most significant on a global scale. See women's major golf championships for a fuller discussion.
  2. The Women's British Open was first recognized as a U.S. LPGA major in 2001.

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References

  1. "World Golf Hall of Fame Supporting Organizations".
  2. "Ralph Appelbaum Associates Project Description". Archived from the original on 2007-06-16.
  3. "World Golf Hall of Fame History".
  4. "Golf Hall to review selection process". ESPN. Associated Press. October 8, 2013. Retrieved October 8, 2013.
  5. McEwan, Michael (October 8, 2013). "Golf Hall of Fame scrapped for 2014". bunkered. Retrieved October 8, 2013.
  6. 1 2 "World Golf Hall of Fame announces changes to enshrinement process". PGA Tour. March 23, 2014.
  7. "Criteria & Process". World Golf Hall of Fame. Retrieved March 24, 2014.
  8. "World Golf Hall of Fame names Selection Commission Co-Chairs for 2017: Jack Nicklaus joins fellow Hall of Fame Member Co-Chairs, age change to induction criteria". PGA Tour. March 30, 2016.
  9. World Golf Hall of Fame Releases Ballots for 2011 Archived 2010-06-11 at the Wayback Machine
  10. "About the PGA Tour Ballot". January 31, 2007.
  11. "LPGA Statement on Changes to World Golf Hall of Fame Induction Selection". LPGA. March 2014.
  12. "About the International Ballot". January 31, 2007. Archived from the original on June 25, 2011.
  13. Hall of Fame to hold 2011 Ceremony on Monday of Players Championship Archived 2010-07-24 at the Wayback Machine
  14. Dolch, Craig (March 4, 2011). "Chirkinian's impact on televised golf can't be overstated". PGA Tour. Retrieved May 6, 2013. Bringing sounds to golf is just part of the reason why Chirkinian — who is considered "the father of televised golf" — was elected February 9 into the World Golf Hall of Fame on an emergency vote.
  15. Dorman, Larry (March 5, 2011). "At 19th Hole, Recalling an Innovator". The New York Times . Retrieved August 4, 2011.
  16. Langer's profile at the World Golf Hall of Fame Archived 2012-03-20 at the Wayback Machine
  17. Nelson, Singh inducted into World Golf Hall of Fame
  18. World Golf Hall of Fame to induct Mickelson in 2012 Archived 2011-11-12 at the Wayback Machine
  19. World Golf Hall of Fame to induct Dan Jenkins in 2012 Archived 2012-01-10 at the Wayback Machine
  20. 1 2 Sandy Lyle, Peter Alliss picked for Hall
  21. "Couples to be inducted into World Golf Hall of Fame". PGA Tour. September 19, 2012. Retrieved May 6, 2013.
  22. "World Golf Hall of Fame adds Venturi to 2013 class". PGA Tour. October 8, 2012. Retrieved May 6, 2013.
  23. "Willie Park Jr. selected for World Golf Hall of Fame". PGA Tour. November 15, 2012. Retrieved November 15, 2012.
  24. 1 2 "Montgomerie and Schofield Honoured by Hall of Fame" (Press release). PGA European Tour. December 18, 2012. Retrieved December 18, 2012.
  25. 1 2 3 4 McAllister, Mike (October 15, 2014). "Class of 2015 Hall of Famers receive surprise calls". PGA Tour.
  26. "Hollis Stacy selected for Hall of Fame". ESPN.com. Associated Press. November 18, 2011. Retrieved November 18, 2011.

Coordinates: 29°59′28″N81°28′13″W / 29.99111°N 81.47028°W / 29.99111; -81.47028