Augusta, Georgia

Last updated

Augusta, Georgia
Augusta–Richmond County
The Lamar Building in Downtown Augusta.jpg
Augusta National Golf Club, Hole 10 (Camellia).jpg
Riverwalk Amphitheater, Augusta, Georgia (7652257250).jpg
Georgia Regents University, University Hall side view.jpg
Sacred Heart Cultural Center front gates.jpg
Augusta Canal tour departs from Enterprise Mill.jpg
Old Richmond County Courthouse, Front.JPG
Augusta, Georgia signature logo.jpeg
Nickname(s): 
"The Garden City"
Motto(s): 
Richmond County Georgia Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Augusta Highlighted.svg
Location within Richmond County
Coordinates: 33°28′N81°58′W / 33.467°N 81.967°W / 33.467; -81.967
Country Flag of the United States.svg  United States
State Flag of Georgia (U.S. state).svg  Georgia
Counties Richmond
Established1736 [1]
City-county consolidation 1996 [1]
Government
   Mayor Hardie Davis (D)
Area
   Consolidated city-county 306.5 sq mi (793 km2)
  Land302.1 sq mi (782 km2)
  Water4.3 sq mi (11.3 km2)
  Urban
259.52 sq mi (672.2 km2)
Elevation
[2]
136 ft (45 m)
Population
 (2010) [3]
   Consolidated city-county 195,844
  Estimate 
(2019) [4]
197,888
  RankUS: 116th
  Density654.2/sq mi (252.6/km2)
   Urban
386,787 (US: 98th)
  Urban density1,490.4/sq mi (575.4/km2)
   Metro
600,151 (US: 93rd)
   CSRA
709,433
  Change 2011–2014
Increase2.svg3.32%
Time zone UTC−5 (EST)
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
30901, 30904, 30906, 30907, 30909, 30912, [5] 30815
Area codes 706, 762 [6] [7]
Website AugustaGA.gov

Augusta ( /əˈɡʌstə/ ), officially Augusta–Richmond County, is a consolidated city-county on the central eastern border of the U.S. state of Georgia. The city lies across the Savannah River from South Carolina at the head of its navigable portion. Georgia's third-largest after Atlanta and Columbus, Augusta is located in the Fall Line section of the state.

Contents

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Augusta–Richmond County had a 2019 estimated population of 197,888, not counting the unconsolidated cities of Blythe and Hephzibah. [3] It is the 116th largest city in the United States. The process of consolidation between the City of Augusta and Richmond County began with a 1995 referendum in the two jurisdictions. The merger was completed on July 1, 1996. Augusta is the principal city of the Augusta metropolitan area. In 2017 it had an estimated population of 600,151, making it the second-largest metro area in the state. It is the 93rd largest metropolitan area in the United States.

Augusta was established in 1736 and is named in honor of Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha (1719–1772), the bride of Frederick, Prince of Wales and the mother of the British monarch George III. [1] During the American Civil War, Augusta housed the principal Confederate powder works. [8] Augusta's warm climate made it a major resort town of the Eastern United States in the early and mid-20th century. Internationally, Augusta is best known for hosting The Masters golf tournament each spring. The Masters brings over 200,000 visitors from across the world to the Augusta National Golf Club. Membership at Augusta National is widely considered to be the most exclusive in the sport of golf across the world.

Augusta lies approximately two hours east of downtown Atlanta by car via I-20. The city is home to Fort Gordon, a major U.S. Army base. In 2016, it was announced that the new National Cyber Security Headquarters would be based in Augusta.

History

The area along the river was long inhabited by varying cultures of indigenous peoples, who relied on the river for fish, water and transportation. The site of Augusta was used by Native Americans as a place to cross the Savannah River, because of its location on the fall line.

James Oglethorpe, Founder of Augusta James Oglethorpe Statue Augusta GA.jpg
James Oglethorpe, Founder of Augusta

In 1735, two years after James Oglethorpe founded Savannah, he sent a detachment of troops to explore the upper Savannah River. He gave them an order to build a fort at the head of the navigable part of the river. The expedition was led by Noble Jones, who created a settlement as a first line of defense for coastal areas against potential Spanish or French invasion from the interior. [9] Oglethorpe named the town in honor of Princess Augusta, the mother of King George III and the wife of Frederick, Prince of Wales. Oglethorpe visited Augusta in September 1739 on his return to Savannah from a perilous visit to Coweta Town, near present-day Phenix City, Alabama. [10] There, he had met with a convention of 7,000 Native American warriors and concluded a peace treaty with them in their territories in northern and western Georgia. [11] Augusta was the second state capital of Georgia from 1785 until 1795 (alternating for a period with Savannah, the first).

Augusta developed rapidly as a market town as the Black Belt in the Piedmont was developed for cotton cultivation. Invention of the cotton gin made processing of short-staple cotton profitable, and this type of cotton was well-suited to the upland areas. Cotton plantations were worked by slave labor, with hundreds of thousands of slaves shipped from the Upper South to the Deep South in the domestic slave trade. Many of the slaves were brought from the Lowcountry, where their Gullah culture had developed on the large Sea Island cotton and rice plantations.

During the Civil War, Augusta was home to many war industries including powder-works facilities. After the war, Augusta had a booming textile industry leading to the construction of many mills along the Augusta Canal to include Enterprise Mill, Sibley Mill, and King Mill.

The city experienced the Augusta Fire of 1916, which damaged 25 blocks of the town and many buildings of historical significance.

As a major city in the area, Augusta was a center of activities during Reconstruction and after. In the mid-20th century, it was a site of civil rights demonstrations. In 1970 Charles Oatman, a mentally disabled teenager, was killed by his cellmates in an Augusta jail. A protest against his death broke out in a riot involving 500 people, after six black men were killed by police, [12] each found to have been shot in the back. [13] The noted singer and entertainer James Brown was called in to help quell lingering tensions, which he succeeded in doing. [12]

Geography

Augusta is located near the Georgia/South Carolina border, about 150 miles (240 km) east of Atlanta and 70 miles (110 km) west of Columbia. The city is located at 33°28′12″N81°58′30″W / 33.47000°N 81.97500°W / 33.47000; -81.97500 (33.470, −81.975). [14]

Savannah River and the Augusta Canal, with River Watch Parkway and residential areas in foreground Savannah River Augusta Canal Riverwatch Pkwy 2.jpg
Savannah River and the Augusta Canal, with River Watch Parkway and residential areas in foreground

According to the United States Census Bureau, the Augusta–Richmond County balance has a total area of 306.5 square miles (793.8 km2), of which 302.1 square miles (782.4 km2) is land and 4.3 square miles (11.1 km2) (1.42%) is water.

The Augusta Canal National Heritage Area Augusta Canal tour boat music cruise.jpg
The Augusta Canal National Heritage Area

Augusta is located about halfway up the Savannah River on the fall line, which creates a number of small falls on the river. The city marks the end of a navigable waterway for the river and the entry to the Georgia Piedmont area.

The Clarks Hill Dam is built on the fall line near Augusta, forming Clarks Hill Lake. Farther downstream, near the border of Columbia County, is the Stevens Creek Dam, which generates hydroelectric power. Even farther downstream is the Augusta Diversion Dam, which marks the beginning of the Augusta Canal and channels Savannah River waters into the canal. [15]

Climate

As with the rest of the state, Augusta has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa), with short, mild winters, very hot, humid summers, and a wide diurnal temperature variation throughout much of the year, despite its low elevation and moisture. The monthly daily average temperature ranges from 45.4 °F (7.4 °C) in January to 81.6 °F (27.6 °C) in July; there are 53 nights with the low reaching the freezing mark, 82 days reaching or exceeding 90 °F (32 °C), and 5.5 days reaching 100 °F (38 °C) annually. Extreme temperatures range from −1 °F (−18 °C) on January 21, 1985 up to 108 °F (42 °C) on August 10, 2007 and August 21, 1983. Snowfall is not nearly as common as in Atlanta, due largely to Augusta's elevation, with downtown Augusta being about 900 ft (270 m) lower than downtown Atlanta. Freezing rain is also a threat in wintertime.

Climate data for Augusta Regional Airport, Georgia (1991–2020 normals, [lower-alpha 1] extremes 1871–present [lower-alpha 2] )
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)84
(29)
88
(31)
93
(34)
96
(36)
101
(38)
106
(41)
107
(42)
108
(42)
106
(41)
101
(38)
90
(32)
84
(29)
108
(42)
Mean maximum °F (°C)76
(24)
79
(26)
85
(29)
89
(32)
94
(34)
98
(37)
100
(38)
99
(37)
95
(35)
89
(32)
82
(28)
77
(25)
101
(38)
Average high °F (°C)59.6
(15.3)
63.5
(17.5)
71.0
(21.7)
78.5
(25.8)
85.9
(29.9)
91.3
(32.9)
94.1
(34.5)
92.6
(33.7)
87.8
(31.0)
79.0
(26.1)
69.1
(20.6)
61.5
(16.4)
77.8
(25.4)
Daily mean °F (°C)47.4
(8.6)
50.8
(10.4)
57.5
(14.2)
64.6
(18.1)
72.7
(22.6)
79.7
(26.5)
82.8
(28.2)
81.8
(27.7)
76.4
(24.7)
66.0
(18.9)
55.6
(13.1)
49.4
(9.7)
65.4
(18.6)
Average low °F (°C)35.3
(1.8)
38.1
(3.4)
44.1
(6.7)
50.6
(10.3)
59.6
(15.3)
68.1
(20.1)
71.6
(22.0)
71.0
(21.7)
65.0
(18.3)
53.1
(11.7)
42.2
(5.7)
37.3
(2.9)
53.0
(11.7)
Mean minimum °F (°C)18
(−8)
21
(−6)
26
(−3)
34
(1)
44
(7)
56
(13)
63
(17)
61
(16)
50
(10)
35
(2)
25
(−4)
21
(−6)
16
(−9)
Record low °F (°C)−1
(−18)
3
(−16)
12
(−11)
26
(−3)
35
(2)
46
(8)
54
(12)
52
(11)
36
(2)
22
(−6)
11
(−12)
5
(−15)
−1
(−18)
Average precipitation inches (mm)3.84
(98)
3.67
(93)
4.08
(104)
2.92
(74)
3.05
(77)
4.75
(121)
4.48
(114)
4.61
(117)
3.60
(91)
2.56
(65)
2.66
(68)
3.87
(98)
44.09
(1,120)
Average snowfall inches (cm)0.4
(1.0)
0.3
(0.76)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.1
(0.25)
0.8
(2.0)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)9.99.18.67.67.911.111.311.17.96.47.09.4107.3
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)0.30.10.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.10.5
Average relative humidity (%)69.865.865.064.569.671.373.976.576.273.371.971.670.8
Source: NOAA (relative humidity 1961–1990) [16] [17] [18]

Historic districts

Sacred Heart Cultural Center Sacred Heart Cultural Center.jpg
Sacred Heart Cultural Center

Augusta Downtown Historic District is a historic district that encompasses most of downtown Augusta and its pre-Civil War area. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2004. [19]

Augusta also includes the:

Tallest buildings

RankNameImageHeight (feet)Height (meters)FloorsYearRef
1 Lamar Building Lamar Building Augusta Georgia.jpg 23872191918 [20]
2River Place Condominiums River Place Condominiums, Augusta May 2017.jpg 22268181991 [21]
3Wells Fargo Building Wells Fargo Building (Augusta), May 2017 1.jpg 22067171967 [22]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1800 2,215
1810 2,47611.8%
1830 6,710
1840 6,403−4.6%
1850 9,44847.6%
1860 12,49332.2%
1870 15,38923.2%
1880 21,89142.3%
1890 33,30052.1%
1900 39,44118.4%
1910 41,0404.1%
1920 52,54828.0%
1930 60,34214.8%
1940 65,9199.2%
1950 71,5088.5%
1960 70,626−1.2%
1970 59,864−15.2%
1980 47,532−20.6%
1990 44,639−6.1%
2000 195,182337.2%
2010 195,8440.3%
2019 (est.)197,888 [4] 1.0%
Population 1800–2010. [23] [24]

According to 2013 US Census estimates, the Augusta–Richmond County population was 197,350 [25] not counting the unconsolidated cities of Hephzibah and Blythe. In the 2010 census, Augusta–Richmond County had 195,844 residents. The population density was 647.5 people per square mile (250/km2). [26] There were 84,427 housing units at an average density of 279.5 per square mile (782/km2). The racial makeup of the city-county area was 64.7% Black or African American, 29.1% White, 0.3% Native American, 1.7% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 1.3% some other race, and 2.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 4.1% of the population. [27]

There were 75,208 households, out of which 28.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.2% were headed by married couples living together, 22.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.1% were non-families. 30.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.09. [27]

In the city-county consolidated area the population was spread out, with 24.6% under the age of 18, 12.6% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 24.8% from 45 to 64, and 11.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.0 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.7 males. [27]

As of the 2000 census, the median income for a household in the city-county area was $37,231, and the median income for a family was $45,372. Males had a median income of $32,008 versus $23,988 for females. The per capita income for the balance was $19,558. About 13.2% of families and 16.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.1% of those under age 18 and 12.5% of those age 65 or over.

Religion

The most-attended church is the Southern Baptist Convention, with 221 congregations with 114,351 members. The Catholic Church has 13 congregations and 31,687 members, while the United Methodist Church has 83 churches and 30,722 members. The National Baptist Convention had 26,671 members. The Presbyterian Church (USA) has 14 congregations and 4,500 members, the Presbyterian Church in America has 4,396 members in 14 churches. [28]

The Jewish community in Augusta dates back to the early 19th century. Today, there are two congregations, Congregation Children of Israel (Reform) and Adas Yeshurun (Conservative). There is also a Chabad-Lubavitch house. Around 1,300 Jews currently live in Augusta, who collectively support a Jewish Community Center.

Economy

Augusta is a regional center of medicine, biotechnology, and cyber security. Augusta University, the state's only public health sciences graduate university, employs over 7,000 people. Along with University Hospital, the Medical District of Augusta employs over 25,000 people and has an economic impact of over $1.8 billion. [29]

Fort Gordon is home to the U.S. Army Cyber Center of Excellence which has led to a large increase in cyber jobs in the Augusta metro region. Cyber-center-of-excellence.png
Fort Gordon is home to the U.S. Army Cyber Center of Excellence which has led to a large increase in cyber jobs in the Augusta metro region.

The city's three largest employers are Augusta University, the Savannah River Site (a Department of Energy nuclear facility) and the U.S. Army Cyber Center of Excellence at Fort Gordon, which oversees training for Cyber, Signal Corps, and Electronic Warfare. Despite layoffs from several companies during the U.S. economic recession and a relatively high state unemployment rate, [30] the Augusta community has experienced a decrease in bankruptcy filings [31] and saw a slight decrease in the unemployment rate from late 2009 to March 2011. However, these unemployment numbers are misleading as spring brings lower unemployment rates due to the Masters Golf Tournament. While unemployment fell to a two-year low of 8.3% in April 2011, unemployment rates have since risen to 9.9% as of July 2011. [32]

TechNet Conference held in Augusta TechNet Augusta 2016 (28745774802).jpg
TechNet Conference held in Augusta

With the establishment of the Georgia Cyber Center in Downtown Augusta, the Augusta metro region has become a hub for cyber security based companies looking to locate to the area in part as well to the establishment of the U.S. Army Cyber Command relocating to Fort Gordon from Fort Meade. Augusta plays host to TechNet on a yearly basis which brings in various military, government, and private sector leaders to the area to showcase new cyber related products as well as discussions on cyber based collaboration efforts between the public and private sectors.

Companies that have facilities, headquarters or distribution centers in the Augusta metro area include CareSouth, NutraSweet, T-Mobile, Covidien, Solo Cup Company, Automatic Data Processing, Graphic Packaging International, Solvay S.A., Bridgestone, Teleperformance, Olin Corporation, Sitel, E-Z-GO, Taxslayer, Elanco, KSB Company (Georgia Iron Works), Club Car (Worldwide Headquarters), Halocarbon, MTU Friedrichshafen (subsidiary of Tognum), Kimberly Clark Corporation, Nutrien (formerly PotashCorp), John Deere, Kellogg's and Delta Air Lines' baggage call center. [33]

Top employers

According to the Augusta Economic Development Authority, [34] the top manufacturing employers in the city are:

#Employer# of employees
1 Textron Specialized Vehicles 1350
2 Graphic Packaging International 963
3 Ferrara USA 900
4FPL Food660
5 Thermal Ceramics 400
6 Cardinal Health 390
7 Nutrien 390
8 Augusta Coca-Cola 300
9Solvay Advanced Partners300
10 Starbucks 260

The top public sector employers are:

#Employer# of employees
1 Fort Gordon 29,252
2 Augusta University 6,775
3NSA Georgia6,000
4 Augusta University Health System 5,341
5 Richmond County School System 4,418
6 University Hospital 3,000
7Augusta–Richmond County 2,840
8Charlie Norwood VA Medical Center2,082
9 Doctors Hospital 1,837
10East Central Regional Hospital1,400

Sports

Teams

The Augusta GreenJackets minor league baseball club, formerly located at Lake Olmstead Stadium in Augusta, now play at SRP Park along the Savannah River in North Augusta, South Carolina. The team began to play in 1988 as the Augusta Pirates, affiliated with the Pittsburgh Pirates. Later affiliated with the Boston Red Sox and the San Francisco Giants, the GreenJackets are now the Class A affiliate of the Atlanta Braves. [35]

The Augusta Lynx were a minor-league professional ice hockey team based in Augusta, Georgia. The Lynx played their home games at the James Brown Arena from 1998 until 2008. The Lynx, who played in the ECHL, had affiliations with the Tampa Bay Lightning of the NHL and the Norfolk Admirals of the AHL.

The Augusta RiverHawks were a professional minor league ice hockey team. They played in the Southern Professional Hockey League (SPHL) from 2010 to 2013. They played their home games at the James Brown Arena.

The Augusta Stallions were a professional Arena football team founded in 1999. They were one of the 15 original teams to join the inaugural 2000 AF2 season. They started off in the American Conference, before switching to the Southeast Division in 2001, and then the Eastern Division in 2002. The team folded in 2002.

The Augusta Rugby Football Club (ARFC) [36] is a division 2 men's club competing in the Palmetto Rugby Union, [37] part of the USA Rugby South Conference. [38]

Augusta has an all-female flat track roller derby team, the Soul City Sirens. Founded in 2008, this league is all-volunteer and skater-owned. [39]

Augusta is also home to the former Augusta 706ers, a minor league professional basketball team in the American Basketball Association. The team was founded in 2017 and stopped operations in December 2018 because of a lack of funds. The team played all home games at the James Brown Arena.

ClubSportLeagueVenue
Augusta GreenJackets Baseball Low-A East SRP Park
Augusta Stallions Arena football AF2 James Brown Arena
Augusta RiverHawks Minor league hockey Southern Professional Hockey League James Brown Arena
Augusta Mad Dogs Rugby Palmetto Rugby Union Larry Bray Memorial Pitch
Augusta Furies Women's Rugby Carolinas Geographic Union Larry Bray Memorial Pitch
Soul City Sirens Roller derby WFTDA Red Wing Rollerway
Augusta 706ers Basketball American Basketball Association James Brown Arena
Georgia Soul Basketball Women's American Basketball Association Butler High School Gymnasium

Tournaments

Tiger Woods at the practice rounds for the 2006 Masters Tournament Tiger Woods Masters 2006.jpg
Tiger Woods at the practice rounds for the 2006 Masters Tournament

The city's famous golf course, the Augusta National Golf Club, hosts the first major golf tournament of each year, The Masters. This tournament is the most prestigious in the sport [40] and is one of the four major championships. The best professional and amateur golfers in the world come to Augusta during the first full week of April every year. The grounds of Augusta National are known for being pristine, and the course was ranked in 2009 as the third best golf course in the world by Golf Magazine . [41]

The city also has several disc golf facilities. The Augusta Top Gun Series is a series of tournaments sanctioned by the Professional Disc Golf Association. These tournaments are held at various venues in Augusta, including Pendleton King Park and Lake Olmstead. [42] Also, Augusta hosted the 2006 Professional Disc Golf World Championships. Along with Pendleton King and Lake Olmstead, two courses in North Augusta, SC was used for the tournament. 299 disc golfers from around the world attended the event, with Ken Climo winning the tournament and his 12th world championship.

Augusta hosted the Augusta Southern Nationals billed as "World's Richest Drag Boat Race" for 30 consecutive years. The event was held on the Savannah River near downtown in July until 2016. The race was part of the Lucas Oil Drag Boat Racing Series and was sanctioned by the International Hot Boat Association. The event benefited the Augusta Chapter of the Georgia Special Olympics with over 100 racing teams from 25 states competed annually for $140,000 in purse and prizes while trying to beat the course record of 252.94 miles per hour (407.07 km/h).

Competitors cross the finish line at the Ironman 70.3 Augusta. Team 'Generally Speaking' finishes the IRONMAN (8054271680).jpg
Competitors cross the finish line at the Ironman 70.3 Augusta.

Augusta is the site of the Head of the South Regatta. The youth rowing regatta is held on the Savannah River and is usually scheduled for early November.

Augusta is also the host to one of the largest IRONMAN 70.3 competition in North America taking athletes through various cycling routes around Augusta, a running course through Downtown Augusta, and a opening swim on the Savannah River along Augusta's riverfront. Recently, Augusta has been the featured home of the USA Cycling Collegiate Road National Championships which leads cyclists through various routes through Downtown Augusta and Fort Gordon. The city has also attracted visitors during the Nike EYBL Peach Jam Basketball Tournament held in neighboring North Augusta, South Carolina which features some of the top high school basketball players and teams across the United States.

Parks and recreation

Law and Government

In 1995, citizens of Augusta and unincorporated parts of Richmond County voted to consolidate their city and county governments. Citizens of Hephzibah and Blythe, also located in Richmond County, voted against joining in the merger, which took effect January 1, 1996. The unified government consists of a mayor and ten commissioners. Eight commissioners represent single-member districts, while two are elected at-large, each to represent a super district that encompasses half of Augusta-Richmond's population. [43] Law enforcement in Augusta is handled by the Richmond County Sheriff’s Office which patrols the main city of Augusta and the unincorporated areas of Hephzibah and Blythe although both of these towns have their own police departments. Prior to consolidation, Augusta had a city police department and the Richmond County sheriff patrolled the unincorporated areas of the county. The consolidation charter deems the sheriff as the chief law enforcement officer of Richmond County. Augusta is one of the few consolidated city-counties in the state that retain the sheriff in a law enforcement capacity.

List of mayors

See List of mayors of Augusta, Georgia

Education

Allgood Hall at Augusta University Augusta State University-The Belltower and Allgood Hall..jpg
Allgood Hall at Augusta University

Colleges and universities

Main campuses
Satellite campuses

K–12 schools

Richmond County Board of Education central office Richmond County Board of Education.jpg
Richmond County Board of Education central office

Public K–12 schools in Augusta are managed by the Richmond County School System. The school system contains 36 elementary schools, 10 middle schools, and the following eight high schools: Glenn Hills, Butler, Westside, Hephzibah, T. W. Josey, A.R.C. (Academy of Richmond County), Lucy Craft Laney, and Cross Creek. There are four magnet schools: C. T. Walker Traditional Magnet School, A. R. Johnson Health Science and Engineering Magnet High School, Davidson Fine Arts, and the Richmond County Technical Career Magnet School.

Private schools in Augusta include Aquinas High School, Episcopal Day School, Saint Mary on the Hill Catholic School, Immaculate Conception School, Hillcrest Baptist Church School, Curtis Baptist High School, Gracewood Baptist First Academy, Alleluia Community School, New Life Christian Academy, Charles Henry Terrell Academy, Heritage Academy, and Westminster Schools of Augusta. Augusta Christian Schools, Augusta First Seventh-day Adventist School, and Augusta Preparatory Day School serve Augusta, but are located in neighboring Martinez.

Transportation

Augusta is linked to Atlanta to the west and Columbia, South Carolina, to the east by Interstate 20 (I-20). I-520 (Bobby Jones Expressway) extends from I-20 exit 196 through Augusta's western and southern suburban areas, eventually crossing the Savannah River to South Carolina, in which it is known as Palmetto Parkway.

U.S. Route 1 (US 1), along with State Route 4 (SR 4), connects Wrens. US 1 also links Augusta with Aiken, South Carolina. US 25 and SR 121 connects Waynesboro with Augusta; across the state line, US 25 and South Carolina Highway 121 (SC 121) links Augusta with Edgefield, South Carolina. US 78/US 278/SR 10, known locally as Gordon Highway, connects Thomson with Augusta. In South Carolina, US 1 and US 78 go through Aiken, South Carolina. US 78 further connects with Charleston, South Carolina. US 278 bypasses Aiken and serves as a connecting route to Hilton Head Island, South Carolina.

Augusta has been mentioned as the east terminus of an proposed expansion of Interstate 14 that would begin in Midland-Odessa, Texas and run through Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and Georgia with hopes of connecting major military installations along the highway corridor such as Fort Hood, Fort Benning, Fort Gordon, and Camp Beauregard.

Major roads and expressways

Parts of Augusta are served by city transit service Augusta Public Transit (APT), but the main mode of transportation within the city is by car. The city has two airports: Augusta Regional Airport and Daniel Field. Augusta is also served by a number of taxi companies.

Rail

Until the 1960s the city's Augusta Union Station was a passenger rail hub, with trains arriving from the Atlantic Coast Line (as spur sections from Florence, South Carolina from trains such as the Champion,Everglades and Palmetto ), Georgia Railroad and Southern Railway (for example, the Aiken-Augusta Special from New York City). The last Seaboard Coast Line (the successor to the ACL) train was a Florence-Augusta section of the Champion; this section ended in 1970. [45] [46] The last train to the city was the unnamed daily in-state Georgia Railroad train between Atlanta and Augusta. This latter train, unofficially called The Georgia Cannonball, ran as a mixed train, until May 6, 1983. [47] Most trains went to the Union Station at Barrett Square. The Southern Railway trains went to the Southern Railway depot at Fifth and Reynolds Street. Today freight service is handled by Norfolk Southern Railway's Georgia Division and Piedmont Division through their Augusta Yard and Nixon Yard located near the city. Norfolk Southern Trains such as the NS 191 and 192 pass through Augusta's downtown as they "street run" at 5 mph down 6th street. They also cross the old Trestle over the Savannah River in and out of South Carolina. CSX Transportation Atlanta Division and Florence Division Trains serve the Augusta, Georgia area too from the CSX Augusta Yard near Gordon Highway southwest of the city.

Pedestrians and cycling

Notable people

Sister cities

Augusta is twinned with:

See also

Notes

  1. Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the expected highest and lowest temperature readings at any point during the year or given month) calculated based on data at said location from 1991 to 2020.
  2. Official records for Augusta were kept at downtown from February 1871 to March 1944, Daniel Field from April 1944 to June 1950, and at Bush Field / Augusta Regional Airport since July 1950. For more information, see Threadex

Related Research Articles

Richmond County, Georgia Consolidated city-county in Georgia, United States

Richmond County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 200,549. It is one of the original counties of Georgia, created February 5, 1777. Following an election in 1995, the city of Augusta consolidated governments with Richmond County. The consolidated entity is known as Augusta-Richmond County, or simply Augusta. Exempt are the cities of Hephzibah and Blythe, in southern Richmond County, which voted to remain separate. Richmond County is included in the Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Columbia County, Georgia County in Georgia, United States

Columbia County is a county located in the east central portion of the US state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 124,035. The legal county seat is Appling, but the de facto seat of county government is Evans.

U.S. Route 25 Highway in the United States

U.S. Route 25 is a north–south United States highway that runs for 750 miles (1,210 km) from Brunswick, Georgia, to the Ohio state line in Covington, Kentucky.

Interstate 520 (I-520) is a 23.34-mile (37.56 km) auxiliary Interstate Highway that encircles most of Augusta, Georgia, and North Augusta, South Carolina, as a three-quarter beltway around the western, southern, and eastern parts of the main part of the Augusta metropolitan area. It begins at I-20 and State Route 232 (SR 232) in the northern part of Augusta, and ends at I-20 in the northern part of North Augusta, South Carolina. I-520 is also known as Bobby Jones Expressway and the Deputy James D. Paugh Memorial Highway in Georgia and Palmetto Parkway in South Carolina. On the Georgia side, the road also carries the internal designation State Route 415.

U.S. Route 78

U.S. Route 78 is an east–west United States highway that runs for 715 miles (1,151 km) from Memphis, Tennessee, to Charleston, South Carolina. From Byhalia, Mississippi to Birmingham, Alabama, US 78 is concurrent with Interstate 22. The highway's western terminus is at U.S. Route 64/U.S. Route 70/U.S. Route 79 in Memphis, Tennessee, and its eastern terminus is on Line Street, in Charleston, South Carolina. One of its auxiliary routes, US 278, is actually longer in length than US 78.

Interstate 95 (I-95), the main Interstate Highway on the east coast of the United States, serves the Atlantic coast of the U.S. state of Georgia. It crosses into the state from Florida at the St. Marys River near Kingsland and travels to the north past the cities of Brunswick and Savannah to the South Carolina state line at the Savannah River near Port Wentworth. The route also passes through the cities of Richmond Hill, Darien and Woodbine. I-95 in Georgia has the unsigned designation of State Route 405 (SR 405).

U.S. Route 1 (US 1) in the U.S. state of Georgia, which is concurrent for almost its entire length with State Route 4 (SR 4), is a highway traversing south-to-north through portions of Charlton, Ware, Bacon, Appling, Toombs, Emanuel, Jefferson, and Richmond counties in the southeastern and east-central parts of the state. In Georgia, the highway originates at US 1/US 23/US 301/SR 15 at the St. Marys River and the Florida state line, where SR 4 and SR 15 reach their southern terminus. It travels to its northern terminus at US 1/US 25/US 78/US 278/SC 121 at the Savannah River and the South Carolina state line in Augusta. Here, SR 10 reaches its eastern terminus.

Georgia State Route 4 State highway in eastern Georgia

State Route 4 (SR 4) is a state highway in the eastern part of the U.S. state of Georgia. Except for its northernmost portion, it is completely concurrent for its entire length with U.S. Route 1 (US 1). It traverses south-to-north through portions of Charlton, Ware, Bacon, Appling, Toombs, Emanuel, Jefferson, and Richmond counties in the southeastern and east-central parts of the state. The highway begins at the Florida state line, on US 1/US 23/US 301/SR 15 at the St. Marys River, where SR 15 also reaches its southern terminus. It travels to its northern terminus at the South Carolina state line, on the Augusta–North Augusta, South Carolina city line, on US 25 Business at the Savannah River.

U.S. Route 17 (US 17) is a 124.20-mile-long (199.88 km) U.S. Highway in the U.S. state of Georgia. It travels south-to-north near the Atlantic Ocean, serving the Brunswick and Savannah metropolitan areas on its path from Florida at the St. Marys River to South Carolina at the Savannah River. Except for part of the highway in Savannah, which is concurrent with Interstate 16 and SR 404 Spur to the Talmadge Memorial Bridge to Hutchinson Island, US 17 is concurrent with State Route 25. SR 25 uses an older western alignment of US 17 into South Carolina.

Georgia State Route 25

State Route 25 (SR 25) is a state highway in the eastern part of the U.S. state of Georgia. It travels south-to-north near the Atlantic Ocean, serving the Brunswick and Savannah metropolitan areas on its path from the Florida state line at the St. Marys River to the South Carolina state line at the Little Back River, a channel of the Savannah River. Except for the northern part of the highway, from Savannah to Port Wentworth, it is concurrent with U.S. Route 17 (US 17) for its entire length.

Georgia State Route 28 State highway in northeastern and east-central Georgia

State Route 28 (SR 28) is a 25.7-mile-long (41.4 km) state highway in the U.S. state of Georgia. It exists in two distinct segments separated by the northern segment of South Carolina Highway 28 (SC 28), which connects the two segments. The southern segment is entirely within the Augusta metropolitan area. The northern segment is located in the northeastern corner of the Chattooga River District of the Chattahoochee–Oconee National Forest. SR 28 consists of Georgia's segments of a multi-state Route 28 that includes two segments of SC 28 and one segment of North Carolina Highway 28 (NC 28). The northern segment is a south-to-north highway and the roadway it uses is unnamed. However, the southern segment is a west-to-east highway, and the roads it uses are known as Furys Ferry Road from the Furys Ferry Bridge at the South Carolina state line to the intersection with SR 104 Conn. in Augusta, Washington Road in the northern part of Augusta, John C. Calhoun Expressway, Greene Street, 5th Street, and Broad Street in downtown Augusta, and Sand Bar Ferry Road in the northeastern part of Augusta.

In the U.S. state of Georgia, Interstate 20 (I-20) travels from the Alabama state line to the Savannah River, which is the South Carolina state line. The highway enters the state near Tallapoosa. It travels through the Atlanta metropolitan area and exits the state in Augusta. The highway also travels through the cities of Bremen, Douglasville, Conyers, Covington, and Madison. I-20 has the unsigned state highway designation of State Route 402 (SR 402).

Georgia State Route 88

State Route 88 (SR 88) is a 53.2-mile-long (85.6 km) state highway that travels southwest-to-northeast through portions of Washington, Jefferson, Burke, and Richmond counties in the east-central part of the U.S. state of Georgia. The highway connects the Sandersville area with Hephzibah, via Wrens, with a brief portion in Augusta.

U.S. Route 78 (US 78) is a 233.3-mile-long (375.5 km) U.S. Highway in the U.S. state of Georgia. It travels west to east in the north-central part of the state, starting at the Alabama state line, west of Tallapoosa, where the roadway continues concurrent with the unsigned highway Alabama State Route 4. This is also the western terminus of Georgia State Route 8 (SR 8), which is concurrent with US 78 to the east. The highway serves the Atlanta, Athens, and Augusta metropolitan areas on its path from the Alabama state line to the South Carolina state line, at the Savannah River, on the northeastern edge of Augusta, where it continues concurrent with US 1/US 25/US 278/SC 121. This is also the eastern terminus of SR 10 and the northern terminus of SR 121, as well as the southern terminus of SC 121. US 78 travels through portions of Haralson, Carroll, Douglas, Cobb, Fulton, DeKalb, Gwinnett, Walton, Oconee, Clarke, Oglethorpe, Wilkes, McDuffie, Columbia, and Richmond counties.

U.S. Route 278 (US 278) in the U.S. state of Georgia is an east–west United States Highway traversing the north-central portion of the state. The highway travels from its western terminus as US 278/SR 74 at the Alabama state line near Esom Hill to its eastern terminus at US 1/US 25/US 78/US 278/SC 121 in the Augusta metropolitan area where it crosses the Savannah River into South Carolina.

U.S. Route 25 in Georgia Highway in Georgia, United States

U.S. Route 25 (US 25) is a U.S. Highway that travels from Brunswick, Georgia to the Kentucky-Ohio state line, where Covington, Kentucky meets Cincinnati, Ohio at the Ohio River. In the U.S. state of Georgia, US 25 is as a 190.0-mile-long (305.8 km) highway that travels south to north in the eastern part of the state, near the Atlantic Ocean, serving Brunswick, Statesboro, and Augusta on its path from Brunswick to South Carolina at the Savannah River. Its routing travels through portions of Glynn, Wayne, Long, Tattnall, Evans, Bulloch, Jenkins, Burke, and Richmond counties.

History of Augusta, Georgia

Augusta, Georgia was founded in 1736 as part of the British colony of Georgia, under the supervision of colony founder James Oglethorpe. It was the colony's second established town, after Savannah. Today, Augusta is the third-largest city in Georgia, and the largest city of the Central Savannah River Area.

Hephzibah, Georgia City in the United States

Hephzibah is a city in southern Richmond County, in the U.S. state of Georgia. It is part of the Augusta metropolitan area. The population was 4,011 at the 2010 census. Hephzibah is a poetic name used in the Book of Isaiah (62:4) to refer to Jerusalem, meaning "My delight is in Her."

Several special routes of U.S. Route 25 exist. In order from south to north they are as follows.

Gordon Highway is a 22.8-mile-long (36.7 km) major highway in the east-central part of the U.S. state of Georgia, traveling through the southern part of Columbia County and the northeastern part of Richmond County. It is named after Confederate general John Brown Gordon. At its western end, it is a relatively rural highway, but at its eastern end, it is an urban corridor of the Augusta metropolitan area. It connects Harlem and rural areas of southern Columbia County with Augusta and North Augusta, South Carolina. It also serves as the two main entry points to Fort Gordon. Its entire length, from the southeastern edge of Harlem to the Georgia–South Carolina state line on the northeastern edge of Augusta, is signed as part of US 78/US 278/SR 10. In Augusta, it is signed as parts of US 1 and US 25/SR 121.

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Coordinates: 33°28′N81°58′W / 33.467°N 81.967°W / 33.467; -81.967