LaGrange, Georgia

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LaGrange, Georgia
LaGrange, Georgia Courthouse Square.JPG
Troup County Georgia Incorporated and Unincorporated areas LaGrange Highlighted.svg
Location in Troup County and the state of Georgia
Coordinates: 33°2′12″N85°01′55″W / 33.03667°N 85.03194°W / 33.03667; -85.03194 Coordinates: 33°2′12″N85°01′55″W / 33.03667°N 85.03194°W / 33.03667; -85.03194
Country United States of America
State Georgia
County Troup
Government
   Mayor Jim Thornton [1]
Area
[2]
  Total42.93 sq mi (111.20 km2)
  Land42.10 sq mi (109.03 km2)
  Water0.84 sq mi (2.16 km2)
Elevation
781 ft (238 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total29,588
  Estimate 
(2019) [3]
30,305
  Density719.87/sq mi (277.94/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (EST)
  Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
30240, 30241, 30261
Area code(s) 706
FIPS code 13-44340 [4]
GNIS feature ID0316522 [5]
Website LaGrange-GA.org

LaGrange is a city in and the county seat of Troup County, Georgia, United States. The population of the city was estimated to be 30,305 in 2019 by the U.S. Census Bureau. [6] It is the principal city of the LaGrange, Georgia Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Gainesville, Georgia-Alabama (part) Combined Statistical Area. It is about 60 miles (97 km) southwest of Atlanta and located in the foothills of the Georgia Piedmont. [7]

Contents

LaGrange is home to LaGrange College, the oldest private college in the state. Started as a girls' academy, it has been affiliated since the late 19th century with the Methodist Church, and what is now the North Georgia Conference of the United Methodist Church. The city's proximity to West Point Lake, a few miles to the west, helps attract bass fishermen and water sports enthusiasts to the city. [8]

The Troup County Courthouse, Annex, and Jail, built in 1939, is one of LaGrange's properties that is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

History

LaGrange is named after the country estate near Paris of the wife of the Marquis de La Fayette. When La Fayette, a Revolutionary War hero, visited Georgia in 1825 on a national tour, he remarked on the similarity of local topography to his wife's property. [7]

The European-American settlement of LaGrange began in the early 19th century, soon after the territory was ceded to the United States by the Creek Indians and the territorial legislature established Troup County. The city was incorporated in December 1828. [7] The area was developed for cotton plantations, and planters migrating from the eastern areas of the South brought along or bought enslaved African Americans in the domestic slave trade to use as laborers.

By 1860 Troup County had become the fourth-wealthiest county in Georgia, based on cotton as a commodity crop. It was the fifth-largest slaveholding county in the state. [7] As the county seat, LaGrange was a center of trade for this prosperous area, and wealthy planters built more than 100 significant homes in the city.

During the American Civil War, LaGrange was defended by a volunteer women's auxiliary group known as the Nancy Harts or Nancy Hart Rifles, named after Nancy Hart. After defeating the Confederates in nearby West Point, Georgia, Colonel Oscar H. La Grange led his Union troops to the county seat of LaGrange. He placed Confederate prisoners near the front of the column. The Nancy Harts negotiated a surrender with the colonel.

Although local assets were burned and looted by Union troops, Colonel La Grange spared the private homes of LaGrange, including Bellevue, the home of former US Senator and then Confederate senator Benjamin Harvey Hill, a slave owner. La Grange may have been returning positive treatment which he had earlier received while in captivity. He had been given medical care by Confederates and was attended by a niece of Senator Hill. After recovery, Col. La Grange was exchanged for a Confederate prisoner, and he returned to battle duty.

To show their gratitude for his sparing their homes, one of the Nancy Harts hosted a dinner for Col. La Grange. He paroled some local prisoners so they could attend. Many women of the town cooked all night to provide the meal. The next morning the Federal troops marched out, taking various men of the town as prisoners of war. They were soon released, when it was learned that General Lee had surrendered at Appomattox.

20th century to present

In the late 19th century, LaGrange developed as a railroad center and as an industrial center. Textile mills were developed here and elsewhere in the upland region. Initially they employed only white workers. They increased in regional, state and national economic importance into the mid-20th century. Gradually in the late 20th century, much textile manufacturing moved "offshore," out of the United States.

The city has transitioned to a mixed economy with some new industries. Interstates 85 and 185 pass through LaGrange, which is a transportation hub in the area. The city has industrial and commercial access, and a Wal-Mart Distribution Center was developed here.

Interface, the world's leading manufacturer of carpet tile, [9] was founded in LaGrange in 1973. It has its largest manufacturing center here. LaGrange is also the North American headquarters for Caterpillar's forestry division. Just south of LaGrange in neighboring West Point, also in Troup County, KIA Motors has its only US assembly plant. Many of Kia's suppliers are located in LaGrange.

The city of LaGrange is a full-service utility provider for the region, including electricity, natural gas, water, sewer, refuse collection, and telecommunication. In 2000 the city was named "Intelligent Community of the Year" by the Intelligent Community Forum, joining other cities such as New York, Singapore, Seoul, Glasgow and Toronto. [10] Since 2000 the city has provided free Internet service to every household. It also has been ranked as a Georgia City of Excellence, and received a Government Technology Leadership Award. [7]

LaGrange was in the news in late January 2017 for the public apology of its police chief and mayor for the city's failure in 1940 to protect Austin Callaway, a 16-year-old African-American resident, from being lynched. [11] The police did not report nor investigate his murder very thoroughly. [11] [12]

Geography

LaGrange is at 33.0367° N, 85.0319° W. The city is in west central Georgia along Interstates 85 and 185, which run east of the city, with Interstate 85 leading northeast 68 mi (109 km) to Atlanta and southwest 96 mi (154 km) to Montgomery, Alabama. Interstate 85 gives direct access to the city from exits 13, 14 and 18. Interstate 185 runs south from the city 43 mi (69 km) to Columbus. U.S. Route 27, U.S. Route 29, Georgia State Route 219, and Georgia State Route 109 all meet in the interior of the city. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has an area of 112.8 mi (181.5 km), in which 111.4 mi (179.3 km) is land and 1.4 mi (2.3 km) is water.

Government

LaGrange is governed by a mayor and 6-person city council. The mayor is elected citywide (at-large). Three council members are elected to one post each from each of two council districts, designated as 1a, 1b, and 1c from the first district, with similar naming for posts in the second district. [13] Candidates must declare for a post in one of the districts at the time of their filing, and must win a majority to be elected. This system was established for the first municipal election in 2011. [14] (This was in compliance with a consent decree and court order settling litigation since 1982 under Section 5 of the Voting Rights Act of 1965.)

Previously a smaller number of city council members were elected at-large; as each candidate had to command a majority of electors, the minority seldom could elect a candidate of their choice. The Department of Justice recorded objections to the city of LaGrange changes to election methods in October 1993 and December 1994. The 1993 objection related to the use of two at-large seats in a mixed city council plan with four single-member districts; the 1994 objection related to the use of one at-large seat in a mixed city council plan with two "super-districts" and four single-member districts. [15] From 1997, more city council seats were established in LaGrange. Municipal elections are held in odd-numbered years. [13]

Jim Thornton is the current mayor and chief executive officer of the city. The mayor and all council members are elected for four-year terms on a nonpartisan basis. The city council hires a full-time city manager, who oversees daily operations of city departments.

In January 2017, Police Chief Louis M. Dekmar apologized publicly for his department's failure in 1940 to protect a 16-year-old black youth, who was lynched. Few law enforcement officials have ever apologized for such events. Mayor Jim Thornton also apologized and stressed the city's commitment to improving conditions. [16]

"I sincerely regret and denounce the role our Police Department played in Austin's lynching, both through our action and our inaction," Chief Dekmar told a crowd at a traditionally African-American church. "And for that, I'm profoundly sorry. It should never have happened." [16]

Amenities

Descendants of the Callaway family, wealthy planters in the antebellum years, established a philanthropic foundation. They have invested in the city, and contributed to developing important cultural elements of the city. As a result, LaGrange has amenities not usually found in a city of its size. These include "two art galleries, a symphony orchestra, a ballet company, an opera company, an airport, a television station, an archives, two colleges (LaGrange College and West Georgia Technical College), and thirteen recreational centers with facilities for every sport." [7]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1850 1,523
1870 2,053
1880 2,29511.8%
1890 3,09034.6%
1900 4,27438.3%
1910 5,58730.7%
1920 17,038205.0%
1930 20,13118.2%
1940 21,9839.2%
1950 25,02513.8%
1960 23,632−5.6%
1970 23,301−1.4%
1980 24,2043.9%
1990 25,5975.8%
2000 25,9981.6%
2010 29,58813.8%
2019 (est.)30,305 [3] 2.4%
U.S. Decennial Census [17]

As of the 2019 U.S. Census estimate, [6] there were 30,305 people in 11,233 households residing in the city. The population density was 1033 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 48.0% Black, 44.5% White, 4.7% Hispanic/Latino, 2.5% Asian Only, 1.8% mixed race, and 0.3% other. The median household income was $30,653.

Education

Troup County School District

The Troup County School System holds pre-school to grade 12, and consists of 15 elementary schools, three middle schools (Callaway Middle School, Gardner Newman Middle School, and Long Cane Middle School) and three high schools (Callaway High School, LaGrange High School, and Troup County Comprehensive High School. The county is divided into three school zones. The county school system serves Hogansville, LaGrange and West Point. It is home to over 20 new and recently renovated schools.

Private education

Higher education

Transportation

LaGrange-Callaway Airport is southwest of the city.

Sister cities

LaGrange has three sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International, Inc. (SCI): [18]

The city is in the process of developing a sister city relationship in South Korea.[ citation needed ]

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

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Austin Callaway, also known as Austin Brown, was a young African-American man who was taken from jail by a group of six white men and lynched on September 8, 1940, in LaGrange, Georgia. The day before, Callaway had been arrested as a suspect in an assault of a white woman. The gang carried out extrajudicial punishment and prevented the youth from ever receiving a trial. They shot him numerous times, fatally wounding him and leaving him for dead. Found by a motorist, Callaway was taken to a hospital, where he died of his wounds.

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References

  1. "Official Website of the City of LaGrange, GA". lagrange-ga.org. Archived from the original on 2014-01-15.
  2. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 9, 2020.
  3. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved May 21, 2020.
  7. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Johnson, Forrest Clark. "La Grange". New Georgia Encyclopedia. Georgia Humanities Council and University of Georgia Press. Retrieved 6 July 2016.
  8. "West Point Lake, GA". www.recreation.gov. Retrieved 18 July 2015.
  9. "ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934: For the Fiscal Year Ended December 30, 2018". Interface Global. Retrieved 19 March 2019.
  10. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-04-28. Retrieved 2014-06-19.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. 1 2 Emanuella Grinberg (January 27, 2017). "'Justice failed Austin Callaway': Town attempts to atone for 1940 lynching". CNN.
  12. "Nightly News Full Broadcast (January 27th)".
  13. 1 2 "City Council", city of LaGrange, GA
  14. "CHARTER Chapter 6 - ELECTIONS", LaGrange, GA Code of Ordinances, 2016
  15. Robert Kengle, VOTING RIGHTS IN GEORGIA 1982-2006 / A REPORT OF RENEWTHEVRA.ORG, March 2006, Footnote 26, p.8
  16. 1 2 "Nearly 8 Decades Later, an Apology for a Lynching in Georgia", New York Times, 27 January 2017; accessed 27 January 2017
  17. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  18. LaGrange's Sister City Program, Retrieved June 26, 2010.
  19. Gary N. Mock, "Fuller E. Callaway, LaGrange, GA," Archived 2011-08-22 at the Wayback Machine textilehistory.org/, 2009.
  20. "Index of /". www.thclibrary.net.