Midland, Texas

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Midland, Texas
City of Midland
Midland44 Skyline.jpg
Downtown Midland in 2007
"The Tall City"
"Feel the Energy!"
Midland County Midland.svg
Location in the state of Texas
Coordinates: 32°0′N102°6′W / 32.000°N 102.100°W / 32.000; -102.100 Coordinates: 32°0′N102°6′W / 32.000°N 102.100°W / 32.000; -102.100
CountryFlag of the United States.svg  United States
State Flag of Texas.svg  Texas
Counties Midland, Martin
  Type Council-Manager
   Mayor Patrick Peyton [1]
   City Council [1]
   City Manager Courtney Sharp [2]
   City 71.5 sq mi (185.2 km2)
  Land71.3 sq mi (184.7 km2)
  Water0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2)
2,782 ft (848 m)
 (2018) [3]
   City 142,344 (US: 196th)
  Density1,558.9/sq mi (601.8/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (CST)
  Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
Area code(s) 432
FIPS code 48-48072 [4]
GNIS feature ID1341547 [5]
Demonym Midlander
Website midlandtexas.gov

Midland is a city in and the county seat of Midland County, Texas, United States, [6] on the Southern Plains of the state's western area. A small portion of the city extends into Martin County.

A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, China, Romania, Taiwan and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, and historically in Jamaica.

Midland County, Texas U.S. county in Texas

Midland County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of 2018, the population was 172,578. The county seat is Midland. The county is so named for being halfway (midway) between Fort Worth and El Paso on the Texas and Pacific Railway.

South Plains Region in Texas, United States

The South Plains is region in northwest Texas, consisting of 24 counties. The main crop is cotton.


At the 2010 census, the population of Midland was 111,147, and a 2018 estimate gave a total of 142,344, making it the twenty-fourth most populous city in the state of Texas. Due to the oil boom in Midland, certain officials have given population estimates above 155,000. [7] It is the principal city of the Midland, Texas metropolitan statistical area, which includes all of Midland County, the population of which grew 4.6 percent, between July 1, 2011 and July 1, 2012, to 151,662, respectively, according to the U.S. Census Bureau. [8] The metropolitan area is also a component of the larger Midland–Odessa combined statistical area, which had an estimated population of 295,987 on July 1, 2012. [3] People in Midland are called Midlanders.

2010 United States Census 23rd national census of the United States, taken in 2010

The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010. The census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired. The population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million people as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000.

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders.

Texas State in the United States

Texas is the second largest state in the United States by area and population. Located in the South Central region, Texas shares borders with the states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas to the southwest, and has a coastline with the Gulf of Mexico to the southeast.

Midland was founded as the midway point between Fort Worth and El Paso on the Texas and Pacific Railroad in 1881. It is the hometown of former First Lady Laura Bush, and the onetime home of former Presidents George H. W. Bush and George W. Bush, and former First Lady Barbara Bush.

El Paso, Texas City in Texas, United States

El Paso is a city and the county seat of El Paso County, Texas, United States, in the far western part of the state. The 2018 population estimate for the city from the U.S. Census was 682,669, making it the 22nd largest city in the United States. Its metropolitan statistical area (MSA) covers all of El Paso and Hudspeth counties in Texas, and has a population of 840,758.

Texas and Pacific Railway

The Texas and Pacific Railway Company was created by federal charter in 1871 with the purpose of building a southern transcontinental railroad between Marshall, Texas, and San Diego, California.

First Lady of the United States Hostess of the White House, usually the wife of the president of the United States

First Lady of the United States (FLOTUS) is the title held by the hostess of the White House, usually the wife of the president of the United States, concurrent with the president's term in office. Although the first lady's role has never been codified or officially defined, she figures prominently in the political and social life of the nation. Since the early 20th century, the first lady has been assisted by official staff, now known as the Office of the First Lady and headquartered in the East Wing of the White House.


Sandstorm, 1894 Storm midland tx.jpg
Sandstorm, 1894
Main Street, 1894 Midland, Texas (1894).jpg
Main Street, 1894
Bank of America Building, Midland's tallest Bank of America Building, Midland, Texas.jpg
Bank of America Building, Midland's tallest

Midland was established in June 1881 as Midway Station, on the Texas and Pacific Railway. It earned its name because of its central location between Fort Worth and El Paso, but because there were already other towns in Texas by the name of Midway, the city changed its name to Midland in January 1884 when it was granted its first Post Office.

Midland became the county seat of Midland County in March 1885, when that county was first organized and separated from Tom Green County.

Tom Green County, Texas U.S. county in Texas

Tom Green County is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 110,224. Its county seat is San Angelo. The county was created in 1874 and organized the following year.

By 1890, it had become one of the most important cattle shipping centers in the state. The city was incorporated in 1906, and by 1910 the city established its first fire department, along with a new water system. [9]

Midland was changed significantly by the discovery of oil in the Permian Basin in 1923 when the Santa Rita No. 1 well began producing in Reagan County, followed shortly by the Yates Oil Field in Iraan. Soon, Midland was transformed into the administrative center of the West Texas oil fields. During the Second World War, Midland was the largest bombardier training base in the country. A second boom period began after the war, with the discovery and development of the Spraberry Trend, still ranked as the third-largest oil field in the United States by total reserves. [10] Yet another boom period took place during the 1970s, with the high oil prices associated with the oil and energy crises of that decade. Today, the Permian Basin produces one fifth of the nation's total petroleum and natural gas output.

Midland's economy still relies heavily on petroleum; however, the city has also diversified to become a regional telecommunications and distribution center. By August 2006, a busy period of crude oil production had caused a significant workforce deficit. According to the Midland Chamber of Commerce, at that time there were almost 2,000 more jobs available in the Permian Basin than there were workers to fill them.

John Howard Griffin wrote a history of Midland in 1959, Land of the High Sky.

Avery v. Midland County

In 1967, the U.S. Supreme Court heard the case of Avery v. Midland County . Midland mayor Hank Avery had sued Midland County, challenging the electoral-districting scheme in effect for elections to the County Commissioner's Court. The county districts geographically quartered the county, but the city of Midland, in the northwestern quarter, accounted for 97% of the county's population. A judge, elected on an at-large basis, provided a fifth vote, but the result was that the three rural commissioners, representing only three percent of the county's population, held a majority of the votes.

The majority of the U.S. Supreme Court held that the districting inequality violated the Fourteenth Amendment's Equal Protection clause. The dissenting minority held that this example of the Warren Court's policy of incorporation at the local-government level exceeded the Court's constitutional authority.


Midland is located in the Permian Basin in the plains of West Texas.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 71.5 square miles (185.2 km²), of which 71.3 square miles (184.7 km²) is land and 0.2 square mile (0.5 km²) (0.28%) is water.


Midland features a semi-arid climate (Köppen BSh or BSk) with hot summers and cool to mild winters. The city is occasionally subject to cold waves during the winter, but it rarely sees extended periods of below-freezing cold. Midland receives approximately 14.6 inches (370 mm) of precipitation per year, much of which falls in the summer. Highs exceed 90 °F (32 °C) on 101 days per year, and 100 °F (38 °C) on 16 days. [11]

Climate data for Midland, Texas (1981–2010 normals)
Record high °F (°C)84
Average high °F (°C)57.4
Average low °F (°C)30.3
Record low °F (°C)−8
Average precipitation inches (mm)0.56
Average snowfall inches (cm)2.1
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)
Source: National Weather Service [11]


Nicknamed "The Tall City", Midland has long been known for its downtown skyline. Most of downtown Midland's major office buildings were built during a time of major Permian Basin oil and gas discoveries. The surge in energy prices in the mid-1980s sparked a building boom for downtown Midland. For many years, the 22-story Wilco Building in downtown Midland was the tallest building between Fort Worth and Phoenix. Today, the tallest is the 24-story Bank of America Building, which stands at a height of 332 feet (101 m). Four buildings over 500 feet (150 m) tall were planned in the 1980s, including one designed by architect I.M. Pei. [12] The great oil bust of the mid-1980s killed any plans for future skyscrapers. A private development group was planning to build Energy Tower at City Center, which was proposed to stand at 870 feet tall with 59 floors (six floors underground and 53 above). If it had been built, it would have been Texas' sixth tallest building. [13]

ft / m
1 Bank of America Building 332 /101241978The building has been the tallest building in the city since 1978. [14]
2 Wilco Building 308 / 94221958The Wilco Building was, for many years, the tallest building between Ft. Worth and Phoenix. After the Bank of America Building was constructed, the Wilco Building became the second-tallest in the city. [15]
3 Centennial Tower 191 / 58151978Centennial Tower is located in Centennial Plaza in downtown Midland. It currently stands as the third-tallest building in the city.
4 Independence Plaza 161984Independence Plaza is a large office building located in the heart of downtown Midland. It currently stands as the fourth-tallest building in the city.


Historical population
1910 2,192
1920 1,795−18.1%
1930 5,484205.5%
1940 9,35270.5%
1950 21,713132.2%
1960 62,625188.4%
1970 59,463−5.0%
1980 70,52518.6%
1990 89,44326.8%
2000 94,9966.2%
2010 111,14717.0%
Est. 2018142,344 [16] 28.1%
U.S. Census Bureau [17] Texas Almanac [18]

At the 2010 census, [4] 111,149 people, 41,268 households, and 32,607 families resided in Midland. The population density was 1,558.9 people per square mile (550.6/km²). There were 47,562 housing units at an average density of 667.1 per square mile (231.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 75.51% White, 8.37% African American, 0.63% Native American, 1.01% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 12.49% from other races, and 1.96% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 28.99% of the population.

Of the 41,268 households, 37.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.4% were opposite-sex married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.3% were made up of same-sex relationships, non-family habitations, or other habitation arrangements . About 25.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.19.

In the city, the population was distributed as 29.9% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 20.6% from 45 to 64, and 12.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.7 males.

In 2000, the median income for a household in the city was $39,320, and for a family was $48,290. Males had a median income of $37,566 versus $24,794 for females. The per capita income for the city in 2007 was $52,294. [19] In 2000, about 10.1% of families and 12.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.4% of those under age 18 and 8.0% of those age 65 or over.

In 2014, Forbes magazine ranked Midland as the second fastest-growing small city in the United States. [20]


In 2014, Midland had the lowest unemployment rate in the United States at 2.3%. [21] According to the city's 2013 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, [22] the top ten employers in the city are:

#Employer# of Employees
1 Midland Independent School District 2,919
2Dawson Geophysical1,244
3Midland Memorial Hospital and Medical Center1,670
4 Walmart 950
5City of Midland880
6 Midland College 735
7 Baker Hughes 600
8Warren Equipment Companies597
9 Midland County 541
10 Concho Resources 509

Arts and culture


Midland College is home to the McCormick Gallery, located inside the Allison Fine Arts Building, on the college's main campus. Throughout the year, changing exhibits at the McCormick feature works of MC students and faculty, visiting artists, and juried exhibits. The Arts Council of Midland [23] serves as the promotional and public relations vehicle to promote the arts and stimulate community participation and support. The McCormick is also home to the Studio 3600 Series, [24] established in 2006 to "spotlight selected art students and provide them the opportunity to exhibit key works that identify the style they have crafted over a period of time."

Performing arts

The Midland-Odessa Symphony and Chorale (MOSC) has performed in the Permian Basin for over 45 years, and is the region's largest orchestral organization, presenting both Pops and Masterworks concerts throughout the year. The MOSC also is home to three resident chamber ensembles, the Lone Star Brass, Permian Basin String Quartet and West Texas Winds. These ensembles are made up of principal musicians in the orchestra.

Barbara Bush, Laura Bush, George H. W. Bush at the dedication of the George W. Bush Childhood Home in 2006 Bush-Midland-childhood.jpg
Barbara Bush, Laura Bush, George H. W. Bush at the dedication of the George W. Bush Childhood Home in 2006
Bush Home, 2014 GWB Boyhood Home, Midland, TX DSCN1188.JPG
Bush Home, 2014

The Midland Community Theatre (MCT) originated in 1946 with musicals, comedies, dramas, mysteries, children's theatre and melodramas. MCT produces 15 shows each year in three performance spaces – Davis Theatre I and Mabee Theatre II, located in the Cole Theatre, and the annual fundraiser Summer Mummers in the Yucca Theatre. MCT is a member of the American Association of Community Theatre, and hosted the 2006 AACT International Theatrefest.

Twice each year, the Phyllis and Bob Cowan Performing Arts Series at Midland College presents free cultural and artistic performances. [25] The series was endowed in 1999.



Permian Basin Petroleum Museum Permian Basin Petroleum Museum entrance, Midland, TX DSCN1296.JPG
Permian Basin Petroleum Museum

Sitting on the southern edge of the Llano Estacado and located near the center of the Permian Basin oil fields, Midland's economy has long been focused on petroleum exploration and extraction. Providing more information about this industry is the Permian Basin Petroleum Museum, located on the outskirts of town near Interstate 20. The museum houses numerous displays on the history, science, and technology of oil and gas development. The Permian Basin Petroleum Museum houses a collection of race cars designed by Jim Hall, a long time Midland resident who pioneered the use of aerodynamic downforce in the design of Formula One cars.

Midland is also home to The Museum of the Southwest. The museum features a collection of paintings by various members of the Taos Society of Artists and Karl Bodmer as well as engravings by John J. and John W. Audubon. Located within the same museum complex are the separate Children's Museum and the Marian W. Blakemore Planetarium. The Museum of the Southwest is housed in the Turner Mansion, the historic 1934 home of Fred and Juliette Turner.

On display at the Midland County Historical Museum are reproductions of the "Midland Man," the skeleton of a Clovis female found near the city in 1953. [26] Analysis of the remains by Dr. Curtis R. McKinney using uranium-thorium analysis showed that the bones are 11,600 ± 800 years old. Presenting his findings at the annual meeting of the Geological Society of America in 1992, Dr. McKinney said, "[T]he Midland Woman was related to the earliest ancestors of every Indian who lives today, and she is very likely the only representative of those who created the Clovis cultures."


Midland is home to the Midland RockHounds, a Texas League minor league baseball team. It is the Double-A affiliate of the Oakland Athletics. The Rockhounds have played their home games in Security Bank Ballpark since 2002.

West Texas United Sockers is an American soccer team founded in 2008. The team is a member of the United Soccer Leagues Premier Development League (PDL), the fourth tier of the American Soccer Pyramid, in the Mid South Division of the Southern Conference. The team plays its home games at the Grande Communications Stadium.

Midland is home to the West Texas Drillers (Adult Tackle Football) of the Minor Professional Football League. They were established in 2009. They play their home games at Grande Communications Stadium.

Midland College is a member of the Western Junior College Athletic Conference, and fields teams in baseball, men's basketball, women's basketball, men's golf, softball and volleyball. Midland College has won 20 national championships in sports since 1975, as well as produced 192 All-Americans.

Plans have been made to develop a 35 court tennis facility named the Bush Tennis Center.

Midland is also home to the Midland Mad Dog Rugby Club, which competes in the Texas Rugby Union as a division III team.


Local government

The former Midland County Courthouse on Wall Street, looking north from Midland Doubletree towers Midland County Courthouse, Midland, TX (on left) looking north across Wall Street from Midland Hilton.JPG
The former Midland County Courthouse on Wall Street, looking north from Midland Doubletree towers

According to the city's 2008 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the city's various funds had $57.3 million in revenues, $53.0 million in expenditures, $363.4 million in total assets, $133.9 million in total liabilities, and $75.0 million in cash and investments. [27]

List of mayors of Midland, Texas
  • 1907–1908, S.J. Issaacs [28]
  • 1908–1909, A.C. Parker [28]
  • 1909–1911, J.A. Haley [28]
  • 1911–1915, J.M. Cladwell [28]
  • 1915–1917, J.M. Gilmore [28]
  • 1917–1918, H.A. Leaverton [28]
  • 1918–1923, W.A. Dawson [28]
  • 1923–1925, Paul T. Barron [28]
  • 1925–1929, Frank Haag [28]
  • 1929–1934, Leon Goodman [28]
  • 1934–1943, M.C. Ulmer [28]
  • 1943–1946, A.N. Hendrickson [28]
  • 1946–1947, Fred Hogan [28]
  • 1947–1949, Russell H. Gifford [28]
  • 1949–1951, William B. Neely [28]
  • 1951–1953, Perry Pickett [28]
  • 1953–1954, J.W. McMillen [28]
  • 1955–1958, Ernest Sidwell [28]
  • 1958–1962, F.L. Thompson [28]
  • 1962–1968, H. C. Avery, Jr. [28]
  • 1968–1972, Edwin H. Magruder Jr. [28]
  • 1972–1980, Ernest Angelo Jr. [28]
  • 1980–1986, G. Thane Akins [28]
  • 1986–1992, Carroll Thomas [28]
  • 1992–1994, J.D. Faircloth [28]
  • 1994–2001, Robt. E. Burns [28]
  • 2001–2008, Michael J. Canon [28]
  • 2008–2014, Wes Perry [29]
  • 2014–2019, Jerry Morales [29]

State and federal representation

On the federal level, Midland residents are represented in the US Senate by John Cornyn and Ted Cruz, and in the US House of Representatives by Mike Conaway. Midland residents are represented in the Texas Senate by Republican Kel Seliger, District 31. Midland is represented in the Texas House of Representatives by Republican Tom Craddick, the former Speaker from District 82.

The Texas Department of Criminal Justice operates the headquarters of Parole Division Region V in Midland; the Midland District Parole Office is in the Region V headquarters. [30]

The United States Postal Service operates the Midland Main Post Office on the grounds of Midland International Air and Space Port. [31] The other four post offices are Claydesta, [32] Downtown Midland, [33] Graves, [34] and Village. [35]


Colleges and universities

Midland is the home of Midland College (MC), which offers a variety of over 50 programs of study for associate degrees and certificates to more than 6,000 students who enroll each semester. MC offers programs in health sciences, information technology, and aviation, including a professional pilot training program. MC is one of only three community colleges in Texas approved to offer a bachelor's degree in applied technology. Dr. Steve Thomas is MC's current president.

Midland is also the home for the physician assistant program offered by the Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center Permian Basin Campus located on the campus of Midland College. The entry-level graduate program awards a master of physician assistant studies following 27 months of intensive academic and clinical training.

Visiting lectures

Twice each year, the Davidson Distinguished Lectures Series at Midland College presents free public lectures by "nationally-known speakers whose academic accomplishments, civic leadership, and/or public achievements interest, enrich, and enlighten Midland students and citizens." [36] The series was endowed in 1996, and has since brought a diverse selection of speakers to Midland, including Ken Burns, Richard Leakey, Bill Moyers, Mark Russell, Sandra Day O'Connor, Richard Rodriguez, Shelby Foote, Anna Deavere Smith, Bill Nye, John Updike and Neil deGrasse Tyson.


Midland is the home to three local public high schools: Midland High School, Robert E. Lee High School and Early College High School (ECHS) at Midland College, all three of which are part of the Midland Independent School District. Another school district is located just outside of Midland, Greenwood Independent School District, containing Greenwood High and a middle and elementary school.

ECHS welcomed its first freshman class on August 24, 2009. The goal for ECHS is to award students their associate degrees from Midland College by the time they receive their high school diplomas. [37]

Also, there are many private schools in Midland, including Hillcrest School, Hillander, Midland Classical Academy, Midland Christian School, Midland Montessori, St. Ann's School, and Trinity School of Midland, among others. Midland is also home to three charter schools: Richard Milburn Academy, Premier High School, and Midland Academy Charter School.



Midland is served by the Midland Reporter-Telegram .


  • KLFB 88.1 FM (Religious)
  • KFRI 88.7 FM (Christian Contemporary)
  • KBMM 89.5 FM (Religious)
  • KLVW 90.5 FM (Christian Contemporary)
  • KVDG 90.9 FM (Spanish)
  • KXWT 91.3 FM (Public Radio)
  • WJFM 91.7 FM (Gospel Music)
  • KNFM 92.3 FM (Country)
  • KZBT 93.3 FM (Hip-Hop)
  • KACD 94.1 FM (Spanish)
  • KTXO 94.7 FM (Country)
  • KQRX 95.1 FM (Rock)
  • KMRK-FM 96.1 FM (Country)
  • KMCM 96.9 FM (Oldies)
  • KODM 97.9 FM (Adult Contemporary)
  • KHKX 99.1 FM (Country)
  • KMTH 99.5 FM (Public Radio)
  • KBAT 99.9 FM (Rock)
  • KMMZ 101.3 FM (Regional Mexican)
  • KFZX 102.1 FM (Classic Rock)
  • KCRS 103.3 FM (Top-40)
  • KTXC 104.7 FM (Regional Mexican)
  • KCHX 106.7 FM (Adult Contemporary)
  • KWEL 107.1 FM (Talk)
  • KQLM 107.9 FM (Spanish)
  • KCRS 550 AM (News/Talk)
  • KXOI 810 AM (Spanish)
  • KFLB 920 AM (Religious)
  • KWEL 1070 AM (Talk)
  • KLPF 1180 AM (Religious)
  • KMND 1510 AM (Sports)


Midland is served by nine local television stations: KMID, an ABC affiliate; KWES-TV, an NBC affiliate; KOSA, a CBS affiliate and a MyNetworkTV affiliate on their digital cable TV station; KPEJ-TV, a Fox affiliate; KPBT-TV, a PBS affiliate; KWWT, a MeTV affiliate; KUPB, a Univision affiliate; and KTLE-LD, a Telemundo affiliate. It also has one local religious television station: KMLM-DT, a God's Learning Channel affiliate, which is a worldwide institution offering pro-Israel programming.

Many major motion pictures have been filmed in and around Midland, including Hangar 18 , Waltz Across Texas , Fandango , Blood Simple , Hard Country , Friday Night Lights , The Rookie , The Three Burials of Melquiades Estrada , Everybody's Baby: The Rescue of Jessica McClure (which featured, as extras, many participants in the actual rescue and its coverage), and others.

In the Heroes television series, the Midland-Odessa area is a focal point for many of the first season's episodes, serving as the home for the Bennet family, and as the location of a recurring restaurant, the Burnt Toast Diner.






Midland was the site of the 2012 Midland train crash, in which a train collided with a parade float carrying wounded military veterans, killing four.

Midland also has citywide public bus services provided for the Midland-Odessa Urban Transit District by Midland-Odessa Transit Management, otherwise known as E-Z Rider.

Notable people

Sister cities

Midland has four sister cities around the world. [39]

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Monahans is a city in and the county seat of Ward County, Texas, United States. A very small portion of the city extends into Winkler County. The population was 6,953 at the 2010 census. In 2018 the population stood at 7,669.

Permian Basin (North America)

The Permian Basin is a large sedimentary basin in the southwestern part of the United States. The basin contains the Mid-Continent Oil Field province. This sedimentary basin is located in western Texas and southeastern New Mexico. It reaches from just south of Lubbock, past Midland and Odessa, south nearly to the Rio Grande River in southern West Central Texas, and extending westward into the southeastern part of New Mexico. It is so named because it has one of the world's thickest deposits of rocks from the Permian geologic period. The greater Permian Basin comprises several component basins; of these, the Midland Basin is the largest, Delaware Basin is the second largest, and Marfa Basin is the smallest. The Permian Basin covers more than 86,000 square miles (220,000 km2), and extends across an area approximately 250 miles (400 km) wide and 300 miles (480 km) long.

West Texas Region in Texas, United States

West Texas is a loosely defined part of the U.S. state of Texas, generally encompassing the arid and semiarid lands west of a line drawn between the cities of Wichita Falls, Abilene, and Del Rio.

University of Texas of the Permian Basin

The University of Texas of the Permian Basin (UTPB) is a public university in Odessa, Texas. It is part of the University of Texas System. UTPB was authorized by the Texas Legislature in 1969 and founded in 1973. Its official Spring 2016 enrollment was a record high 6,050, a 15% increase in headcount since the previous year. UTPB is now home to over 7,000 students and 250 teaching faculty. The university is enjoying rapid growth as a result of the oil boom occurring in the Permian Basin.

Permian High School Public school in Odessa, Texas, United States

Permian High School is a public high school located in Odessa, Texas and is one of three high schools in the Ector County Independent School District. It was the subject of the book Friday Night Lights which in turn inspired a movie and TV series of the same name.


Midland–Odessa is a metropolitan area located in West Texas approximately half-way between El Paso and Fort Worth, Texas. This combined statistical area (CSA) is made up of two metropolitan statistical areas, and comprises three counties: Martin, Midland and Ector counties. The Midland–Odessa CSA is informally known as The Petroplex.

KOSA-TV CBS affiliate in Odessa, Texas

KOSA-TV, virtual and VHF digital channel 7, is a CBS-affiliated television station licensed to Odessa, Texas, United States and serving the Permian Basin area. The station is owned by Gray Television, as part of a duopoly with Big Spring-licensed CW+ affiliate KCWO-TV, channel 4 ; it is also sister to Odessa-licensed low-power Telemundo affiliate KTLE-LD, channel 7.5. The three stations share studios inside the Music City Mall on East 42nd Street in Odessa, with a secondary studio and news bureau in downtown Midland; KOSA-TV's transmitter is located on FM 866 west of Odessa. The station is relayed on low-power translator K31KJ-D in Big Spring.


KCRS, commonly called Newstalk 550 KCRS, is a radio station broadcasting a News Talk Information format. Licensed to Midland, Texas, United States, the station serves the Odessa-Midland area. The station is currently owned by ICA Radio Midland-Odessa License, LLC and features programming from Fox News Radio, Premiere Radio Networks and Sporting News Radio. KCRS also carries live sports for the Permian Basin. Currently the station carries the games of the Midland RockHounds of Minor League Baseball's Texas League as well as football broadcasts for the Midland High Bulldogs and the Midland Lee Rebels on a rotating basis with Lonestar 92.

Midland College

Midland College (MC) is a public college in Midland, Texas. It was established as an independent junior college in 1972 and held its first classes on campus in 1975. Since that time, the campus has expanded to a 704,752-square-foot (65,473.6 m2) main campus on 224 acres (0.91 km2) in Midland, Texas, United States - a county seat of over 100,000 people in the Permian Basin region of west Texas and southeast New Mexico. The school also has numerous locations in other parts of Midland and in Fort Stockton, Texas, the Pecos County seat.

William Douglas Noël, known as Bill Noël, was an independent oilman, industrialist, banker, rancher, philanthropist, and civic leader in Odessa, Texas.

As of 2013 the Cline Shale, also referred to as the "Wolfcamp/Cline Shale", the "Lower Wolfcamp Shale", or the "Spraberry-Wolfcamp shale", or even the "Wolfberry", is a promising Pennsylvanian oil play east of Midland, Texas which underlies ten counties: Fisher, Nolan, Sterling, Coke, Glasscock, Tom Green, Howard, Mitchell, Borden and Scurry counties. Exploitation is projected to rely on hydraulic fracturing.

an organic rich shale, with Total Organic Content (TOC) of 1-8%, with silt and sand beds mixed in. It lies in a broad shelf, with minimal relief and has nice light oil of 38-42 gravity with excellent porosity of 6-12% in thickness varying 200 to 550 feet thick.


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