Bonham, Texas

Last updated
Bonham, Texas
Fannincountycourthouse.jpg
Fannin County Courthouse, Bonham, Texas, built in 1889
Motto(s): 
"The Star of North Texas" [1]
TXMap-doton-Bonham.PNG
Location of Bonham, Texas
Fannin County Bonham.svg
Coordinates: 33°35′2″N96°10′54″W / 33.58389°N 96.18167°W / 33.58389; -96.18167 Coordinates: 33°35′2″N96°10′54″W / 33.58389°N 96.18167°W / 33.58389; -96.18167
Country United States
State Texas
County Fannin
Area
  Total9.8 sq mi (25.3 km2)
  Land9.8 sq mi (25.3 km2)
  Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation
610 ft (186 m)
Population
  Total10,127
  Density1,035/sq mi (399.7/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
75418
Area code(s) 430, 903
FIPS code 48-09328 [2]
GNIS feature ID1352653 [3]
Website www.cobon.net

Bonham is a city in Fannin County, Texas, United States. The population was 10,127 at the 2010 census. [4] It is the county seat of Fannin County. [5] James Bonham (the city's namesake) sought the aid of James Fannin (the county's namesake) at the Battle of the Alamo.

Fannin County, Texas County in the United States

Fannin County is a county in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 33,915. The county seat is Bonham. The county was named for James Fannin, who commanded the group of Texans killed in the Goliad Massacre during the Texas Revolution. {James Bonham sought Fannin's assistance for the Battle of the Alamo .}

Texas State of the United States of America

Texas is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders with the U.S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas to the southwest, while the Gulf of Mexico is to the southeast.

A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, China, Romania, Taiwan and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, and historically in Jamaica.

Contents

Bonham is part of the Texoma region.

Geography

Bonham is located slightly west of the center of Fannin County in northeastern Texas. U.S. Route 82, a two-lane bypass, crosses the northern part of the city, leading east 37 miles (60 km) to Paris and west 27 miles (43 km) to Sherman. Texas State Highway 78 passes through the center of Bonham, leading north 12 miles (19 km) to the Oklahoma border at the Red River and south 10 miles (16 km) to Bailey. Texas State Highway 56, following an old routing of US 82, crosses Highway 78 in the center of Bonham, leading east 6 miles (10 km) to Dodd City and west 6 miles to Ector. Texas State Highway 121 leads southwest from Bonham 41 miles (66 km) to McKinney. Dallas is 72 miles (116 km) to the southwest via McKinney.

U.S. Route 82 highway in the United States

U.S. Route 82 is an east–west United States highway in the Southern United States. Created on July 1, 1931 across central Mississippi and southern Arkansas, US 82 eventually became a 1,625-mile (2,615 km) route extending from the White Sands of New Mexico to Georgia's Atlantic coast.

Paris, Texas City in Texas, United States

Paris is a city and county seat of Lamar County, Texas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the population of the city was 25,171. It is situated in Northeast Texas at the western edge of the Piney Woods, and 98 miles (158 km) northeast of the Dallas–Fort Worth Metroplex. Physiographically, these regions are part of the West Gulf Coastal Plain.

Sherman, Texas City in Texas, United States

Sherman is a U.S. city in and the county seat of Grayson County, Texas. The city's population in 2010 was 38,521. It is one of the two principal cities in the Sherman–Denison Metropolitan Statistical Area, and it is part of the Texoma region of North Texas and southern Oklahoma.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Bonham has a total area of 9.8 square miles (25.3 km2), all of it land. [4]

History

Bonham, one of the oldest cities in Texas, dates back to 1837 when Bailey Inglish built a two-story blockhouse named Fort Inglish. It was located about 2 miles (3 km) from the current downtown. Inglish and other acquaintances settled there in the summer of 1837, and the settlement was named "Bois D'Arc". In 1843, the Congress of the Republic of Texas assigned the name "Bloomington" to the city, but finally renamed it "Bonham", in honor of James Butler Bonham, a hero and defender of the Alamo. On February 2, 1848, Bonham was incorporated as a city. A 1936 statue of Bonham by Texas sculptor Allie Tennant graces the courthouse grounds. [6]

Blockhouse small, isolated fort in the form of a single building

In military science, a blockhouse is a small fortification, usually consisting of one or more rooms with loopholes, allowing its defenders to fire in various directions. It usually refers to an isolated fort in the form of a single building, serving as a defensive strong point against any enemy that does not possess siege equipment or, in modern times, artillery, air force and cruise missiles. A fortification intended to resist these weapons is more likely to qualify as a fortress or a redoubt, or in modern times, be an underground bunker. However, a blockhouse may also refer to a room within a larger fortification, usually a battery or redoubt.

Congress of the Republic of Texas

The Congress of the Republic of Texas was the national legislature of the Republic of Texas established by the Constitution of the Republic of Texas in 1836. It was a bicameral legislature based on the model of the United States Congress. It was transformed into the Texas Legislature upon annexation of Texas by the United States in 1846.

Allie Tennant

Allie Victoria Tennant was an American sculptor born in St. Louis, Missouri, the daughter of Thomas Richard and Allie Virginia Brown Tennant. She worked primarily out of Dallas, Texas, where her most famous work Tejas Warrior was produced for the Hall of State at the Texas Centennial Exposition.

After the connection to the Texas and Pacific Railway the city began to grow, and in 1885 there were six churches, three colleges, two public schools, three weekly newspapers, a saw mill, two grain mills, a power plant, and about 2,300 inhabitants. 1890 saw the addition of streetcars, an ice plant, and the opening of the Texas Power and Light Company, the utility provider to the area. In 1925, the city was connected to natural gas lines.

Texas and Pacific Railway

The Texas and Pacific Railway Company was created by federal charter in 1871 with the purpose of building a southern transcontinental railroad between Marshall, Texas, and San Diego, California.

During the Second World War, there was a training camp and an aviation school for the United States Army Air Forces in the vicinity of Bonham, as well as a prisoner-of-war camp for captured German soldiers. Parts of the camp, located approximately 0.5 miles north of US 82, can still be visited today.

United States Army Air Forces Aerial warfare branch of the United States army from 1941 to 1947

The United States Army Air Forces, informally known as the Air Force,or United States Army Air Force, was the aerial warfare service of the United States during and immediately after World War II (1939/41–1945), successor to the previous United States Army Air Corps and the direct predecessor of the United States Air Force of today, one of the five uniformed military services. The AAF was a component of the United States Army, which in 1942 was divided functionally by executive order into three autonomous forces: the Army Ground Forces, the Services of Supply, and the Army Air Forces. Each of these forces had a commanding general who reported directly to the Army Chief of Staff.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1850 211
1860 477126.1%
1870 92894.5%
1880 1,889103.6%
1890 3,36177.9%
1900 5,04250.0%
1910 4,844−3.9%
1920 6,00824.0%
1930 5,655−5.9%
1940 6,34912.3%
1950 7,04911.0%
1960 7,3574.4%
1970 7,6984.6%
1980 7,338−4.7%
1990 6,686−8.9%
2000 9,99049.4%
2010 10,1271.4%
Est. 201610,123 [7] 0.0%
U.S. Decennial Census [8]

As of the census [2] of 2010, there were 10,127 people, 2,959 households, and 1,861 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,067.1 people per square mile (412.1/km²). There were 2,959 housing units. The racial makeup of the city was 75.4% White, 14.8% African American, 1% Native American, .4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 6.7% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 15.4% of the population.

There were 2,884 households out of which 28.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.3% were married couples living together, 15.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37% were non-families. 32.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 32.3% had someone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.4 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the city, the population was spread out with 21% under the age of 19, 9% from 20 to 24, 31% from 25 to 44, 23.5% from 45 to 64, and 15.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years.

The median income for a household in the city was $27,277, and the median income for a family was $35,721. Males had a median income of $26,035 versus $21,897 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,301. About 22.5% of the population were below the poverty line.

Education

Bonham High School Bonham July 2016 35 (Bonham High School).jpg
Bonham High School

The city is served by the Bonham Independent School District. The city's high school is Bonham High School.

In addition, Grayson County College serves Bonham. It once operated a branch campus in Bonham, its only campus outside its namesake county; however, Grayson College ceased operations in Bonham after 2012 due to small enrollment numbers. [9] Also Texas A&M University-Commerce, a major university of over 12,000 students is located in the neighboring city of Commerce, just 35 minutes southeast of Bonham.

Notable people

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Bonham has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps. [10]

Related Research Articles

Lamar County, Texas County in the United States

Lamar County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas, in the Northeast Texas region of the state. As of the 2010 census, its population was 49,891. Its county seat is Paris. The county was formed by the Congress of the Republic of Texas on December 17, 1840 and organized the next year. It is named for Mirabeau Buonaparte Lamar, the second president of the Republic of Texas.

Goliad County, Texas County in the United States

Goliad County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population is 7,210. Its county seat is Goliad. The county is named for Father Miguel Hidalgo; "Goliad" is an anagram, minus the silent H. The county was created in 1836 and organized the next year.

Delta County, Texas County in the United States

Delta County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 5,231. Going by a 2016 estimate, the population is 5,215. Its county seat and largest city is Cooper. The county was founded in 1870 and is named for its triangular shape, much like the Greek letter delta.

Fannin County, Georgia County in the United States

Fannin County is a county located in the north central portion of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 23,682. The county seat is Blue Ridge. The county was created on January 21, 1854.

Alvin, Texas City in Texas, United States

Alvin is a city in the U.S. state of Texas within the Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land metropolitan area and Brazoria County. As of the 2010 U.S. Census, the city population was 24,236. Alvin's claim to fame is Baseball Hall of Famer Nolan Ryan, who moved with his family to the city in 1947 as an infant and lived there until he moved to Round Rock in 2003. The Nolan Ryan Museum is in the Nolan Ryan Foundation and Exhibit Center on the campus of Alvin Community College.

Caldwell, Texas City in Texas, United States

Caldwell is a designated Main Street City in Burleson County, Texas, United States. The population was 4,104 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Burleson County. It is part of the Bryan-College Station metropolitan area.

Bailey, Texas City in Texas, United States

Bailey is a city in Fannin County, in the U.S. state of Texas. The population was 289 at the 2010 census, up from 213 at the 2000 census.

Dodd City, Texas Town in Texas, United States

Dodd City is a town in Fannin County, in the U.S. state of Texas. The population was 369 at the 2010 census, down from 419 at the 2000 census.

Ector, Texas City in Texas, United States

Ector is a city in Fannin County, Texas, United States. The population was 695 at the 2010 census, up from 600 at the 2000 census.

Honey Grove, Texas City in Texas, United States

Honey Grove is a city in Fannin County, Texas, United States. Honey Grove bills itself as "The Sweetest Town in Texas". The population was 1,668 at the 2010 census.

Leonard, Texas City in Texas, United States

Leonard is a city in Fannin County, Texas, United States. The population was 1,990 at the 2010 census.

Ravenna, Texas City in Texas, United States

Ravenna is a city in Fannin County, Texas, United States. The population was 209 at the 2010 census.

Savoy, Texas City in Texas, United States

Savoy is a city in Fannin County, Texas, United States. The population was 831 at the 2010 census.

Trenton, Texas City in Texas, United States

Trenton is a city in Fannin and Grayson counties, Texas, United States. The population was 635 at the 2010 census.

Windom, Texas Town in Texas, United States

Windom is a town in Fannin County, Texas, United States. The population was 199 at the 2010 census, down from 245 at the 2000 census.

Lumberton, Texas City in Texas, United States

Lumberton is a city in Hardin County, Texas, United States. The population was 11,943 at the 2010 census, up from 8,731 at the 2000 census. Lumberton is the home of Village Creek State Park. The city is part of the Beaumont–Port Arthur metropolitan area.

Crockett, Texas City in Texas, United States

Crockett is a city in Houston County, Texas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 6,950. It is the fifth oldest city and the county seat of Houston County, the oldest county in Texas.

Sinton, Texas City in Texas, United States

Sinton is a city in and the county seat of San Patricio County, Texas, United States. The population was 5,665 at the 2010 census. It is named in honor of David Sinton.

References

  1. City of Bonham official website
  2. 1 2 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. 1 2 "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Bonham city, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved August 22, 2016.
  5. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  6. Little, Carol Morris, A Comprehensive Guide to Outdoor Sculpture in Texas, University of Texas Press, Austin, 1996 p. 100
  7. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  8. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  9. Staff, KXII-TV. "Fannin County's only college campus to close". www.kxii.com. Retrieved 2016-06-10.
  10. Climate Summary for Bonham, Texas