Fannin County, Texas

Last updated
Fannin County, Texas
Fannin courthouse 2010.jpg
Map of Texas highlighting Fannin County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of USA TX.svg
Texas's location within the U.S.
Founded1838
Named for James Fannin
Seat Bonham
Largest cityBonham
Area
  Total899 sq mi (2,328 km2)
  Land891 sq mi (2,308 km2)
  Water8.0 sq mi (21 km2), 0.9%
Population
  (2010)33,915
  Density38/sq mi (15/km2)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Central: UTC−6/−5
Website www.co.fannin.tx.us

Fannin County is a county in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 33,915. [1] The county seat is Bonham. [2] The county was named for James Fannin, [3] who commanded the group of Texans killed in the Goliad Massacre during the Texas Revolution. {James Bonham (the county seat's namesake) sought Fannin's assistance for the Battle of the Alamo (Fannin, however, was unable to provide assistance).}

County (United States) Subdivision used by most states in the United States of America

In the United States, an administrative or political subdivision of a state is a county, which is a region having specific boundaries and usually some level of governmental authority. The term "county" is used in 48 U.S. states, while Louisiana and Alaska have functionally equivalent subdivisions called parishes and boroughs respectively.

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders. Four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names.

Texas State of the United States of America

Texas is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders with the U.S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas to the southwest, and has a coastline with the Gulf of Mexico to the southeast.

Contents

The county was created in 1837 and organized the next year. [4] [5]

Fannin County is a part of the Texoma region.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 899 square miles (2,330 km2), of which 891 square miles (2,310 km2) are land and 8.0 square miles (21 km2) (0.9%) are covered by water. [6] It is drained by Bois D'Arc Creek and Sulphur River. [7]

Bois d'Arc Creek is a 68.1-mile-long (109.6 km) river in Texas. It is a tributary of the Red River and is part of the Mississippi River watershed.

The Sulphur River is a 175-mile-long (282 km) river in northeast Texas and southwest Arkansas in the United States.

Major highways

U.S. Route 69 is a north–south United States highway that runs from Port Arthur, Texas to Albert Lea, Minnesota. In Texas, US 69 runs from Port Arthur near the Gulf of Mexico to the Texas–Oklahoma state line just north of Denison.

Adjacent counties

Bryan County, Oklahoma County in the United States

Bryan County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 42,416. Its county seat is Durant. It is the only county in the United States named for Democratic politician William Jennings Bryan.

Lamar County, Texas County in the United States

Lamar County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas, in the Northeast Texas region of the state. As of the 2010 census, its population was 49,891. Its county seat is Paris. The county was formed by the Congress of the Republic of Texas on December 17, 1840 and organized the next year. It is named for Mirabeau Buonaparte Lamar, the second president of the Republic of Texas.

Delta County, Texas County in the United States

Delta County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 5,231. Going by a 2016 estimate, the population is 5,215. Its county seat and largest city is Cooper. The county was founded in 1870 and is named for its triangular shape, much like the Greek letter delta.

National protected area

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1850 3,788
1860 9,217143.3%
1870 13,20743.3%
1880 25,50193.1%
1890 38,70951.8%
1900 51,79333.8%
1910 44,801−13.5%
1920 48,1867.6%
1930 41,163−14.6%
1940 41,064−0.2%
1950 31,253−23.9%
1960 23,880−23.6%
1970 22,705−4.9%
1980 24,2857.0%
1990 24,8042.1%
2000 31,24226.0%
2010 33,9158.6%
Est. 201634,031 [8] 0.3%
U.S. Decennial Census [9]
1850–2010 [10] 2010–2014 [1]

As of the census [11] of 2000, there were 31,242 people, 11,105 households, and 7,984 families residing in the county. The population density was 35 people per square mile (14/km²). There were 12,887 housing units at an average density of 14 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 86.56% White, 7.96% Black or African American, 0.92% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 2.78% from other races, and 1.49% from two or more races. 5.61% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. As of 2015 the largest self-reported ancestry groups were 48.50% English, 16.10% Welsh, 11.00% German and 7.25% Irish.

Census Acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population

A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common censuses include agriculture, business, and traffic censuses. The United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory, simultaneity and defined periodicity", and recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations also cover census topics to be collected, official definitions, classifications and other useful information to co-ordinate international practice.

Population density A measurement of population numbers per unit area or volume

Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and most of the time to humans. It is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square.

There were 11,105 households out of which 31.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.90% were married couples living together, 10.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.10% were non-families. 25.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.20% under the age of 18, 8.90% from 18 to 24, 28.60% from 25 to 44, 23.20% from 45 to 64, and 16.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 113.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 116.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,501, and the median income for a family was $42,193. Males had a median income of $31,140 versus $23,101 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,066. About 9.90% of families and 13.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.70% of those under age 18 and 16.50% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Towns

Unincorporated communities

Politics

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results [13]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 79.3%9,54817.7% 2,1323.0% 364
2012 75.5%8,16123.0% 2,4861.5% 157
2008 69.2%8,09229.6% 3,4641.2% 138
2004 66.0%7,89333.5% 4,0010.6% 66
2000 58.7%6,07439.7% 4,1021.6% 164
1996 39.7% 3,49548.6%4,27611.7% 1,025
1992 26.1% 2,51043.3%4,16430.6% 2,941
1988 43.7% 4,02456.0%5,1630.3% 27
1984 51.5%4,69248.3% 4,3990.2% 15
1980 37.1% 3,19661.4%5,2841.5% 131
1976 26.3% 2,10273.2%5,8450.5% 38
1972 61.9%3,82637.1% 2,2951.0% 60
1968 22.1% 1,58554.8%3,93123.1% 1,661
1964 16.9% 1,21983.0%5,9760.1% 5
1960 30.0% 1,84469.8%4,2820.2% 12
1956 29.8% 1,91070.2%4,5040.1% 6
1952 28.1% 2,09971.8%5,3630.0% 3
1948 7.8% 55386.8%6,1325.4% 380
1944 9.5% 67783.5%5,9847.0% 502
1940 9.6% 79290.4%7,4780.1% 6
1936 6.6% 36893.3%5,2420.1% 7
1932 7.9% 46091.8%5,3380.3% 17
1928 45.6% 2,12254.3%2,5250.1% 4
1924 10.1% 65386.6%5,5963.3% 213
1920 21.3% 1,10366.8%3,46111.9% 618
1916 11.2% 47183.0%3,4935.8% 245
1912 7.3% 22785.0%2,6617.7% 241

See also

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Bailey, Texas City in Texas, United States

Bailey is a city in Fannin County, in the U.S. state of Texas. The population was 289 at the 2010 census, up from 213 at the 2000 census.

Bonham, Texas City in Texas, United States

Bonham is a city in Fannin County, Texas, United States. The population was 10,127 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Fannin County. James Bonham sought the aid of James Fannin at the Battle of the Alamo.

Dodd City, Texas Town in Texas, United States

Dodd City is a town in Fannin County, in the U.S. state of Texas. The population was 369 at the 2010 census, down from 419 at the 2000 census.

Ector, Texas City in Texas, United States

Ector is a city in Fannin County, Texas, United States. The population was 695 at the 2010 census, up from 600 at the 2000 census.

Leonard, Texas City in Texas, United States

Leonard is a city in Fannin County, Texas, United States. The population was 1,990 at the 2010 census.

Savoy, Texas City in Texas, United States

Savoy is a city in Fannin County, Texas, United States. The population was 831 at the 2010 census.

References

  1. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 10, 2011. Retrieved December 16, 2013.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 123.
  4. "Texas: Individual County Chronologies". Texas Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2008. Retrieved June 20, 2015.
  5. "Fannin County". Texas Almanac. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved June 20, 2015.
  6. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved April 26, 2015.
  7. Wikisource-logo.svg Ripley, George; Dana, Charles A., eds. (1879). "II. A N. E. county of Texas"  . The American Cyclopædia .
  8. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  9. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved April 26, 2015.
  10. "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved April 26, 2015.
  11. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  12. "Texas Cities and Towns Sorted by County". www.county.org. Retrieved 2016-12-26.
  13. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-07-22.

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Coordinates: 33°35′N96°07′W / 33.59°N 96.11°W / 33.59; -96.11