Tom Green County, Texas

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Tom Green County, Texas
Tom Green County Courthouse, San Angelo, TX IMG 4399.JPG
Tom Green County Courthouse in San Angelo
Tom Green County tx seal.jpg
Seal
Map of Texas highlighting Tom Green County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of USA TX.svg
Texas's location within the U.S.
Founded1875
Named forGeneral Thomas Green
Seat San Angelo
Largest citySan Angelo
Area
  Total1,541 sq mi (3,991 km2)
  Land1,522 sq mi (3,942 km2)
  Water19 sq mi (49 km2), 1.2%
Population
  (2010)110,224
  Density72/sq mi (28/km2)
Congressional district 11th
Time zone Central: UTC−6/−5
Website www.co.tom-green.tx.us
Judge Edd B. Keyes Annex Building across from the Tom Green County Courthouse Judge Edd B. Keyes Annex Building, San Angelo, TX IMG 4403.JPG
Judge Edd B. Keyes Annex Building across from the Tom Green County Courthouse

Tom Green County is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 110,224. [1] Its county seat is San Angelo. [2] The county was created in 1874 and organized the following year. [3]

County (United States) Subdivision used by most states in the United States of America

In the United States, an administrative or political subdivision of a state is a county, which is a region having specific boundaries and usually some level of governmental authority. The term "county" is used in 48 U.S. states, while Louisiana and Alaska have functionally equivalent subdivisions called parishes and boroughs respectively.

Edwards Plateau

The Edwards Plateau is a region of west-central Texas which is bounded by the Balcones Fault to the south and east, the Llano Uplift and the Llano Estacado to the north, and the Pecos River and Chihuahuan Desert to the west. San Angelo, Austin, San Antonio and Del Rio roughly outline the area. The eastern portion of the plateau is known as the Texas Hill Country.

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders. Four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names.

Contents

Tom Green County is included in the San Angelo, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area.

San Angelo, Texas City in Texas, United States

San Angelo is a city in and the county seat of Tom Green County, Texas, United States. Its location is in the Concho Valley, a region of West Texas between the Permian Basin to the northwest, Chihuahuan Desert to the southwest, Osage Plains to the northeast, and Central Texas to the southeast. According to a 2014 Census estimate, San Angelo has a total population of 100,450. It is the principal city and center of the San Angelo metropolitan area, which has a population of 118,182.

History

The county was established by the state legislature on March 13, 1874, and named after Thomas Green, a Confederate brigadier general. It originally comprised an area over 60,000 square miles (160,000 km2).

Thomas Green (general) lawyer, politician, soldier, and officer of the Republic of Texas

Thomas Green was an American soldier and lawyer, who took part in the Texan Revolution of 1835–36, serving under Sam Houston, who rewarded him with a land grant. Green was clerk of the Texas Supreme Court until the outbreak of the Civil War, when he became a Confederate cavalry leader. After winning several victories, including the Battle of Valverde and the recapture of Galveston, he was promoted brigadier and assigned command of the cavalry division of the Trans-Mississippi Department. In the Red River Campaign, he was mortally wounded while charging a fleet of Federal gunboats. The Union naval commander David Dixon Porter paid tribute to Green as a serious loss to the Confederacy.

Confederate States Army Army of the Confederate States

The Confederate States Army (C.S.A.) was the military land force of the Confederate States of America (Confederacy) during the American Civil War (1861–1865), fighting against the United States forces. On February 28, 1861, the Provisional Confederate Congress established a provisional volunteer army and gave control over military operations and authority for mustering state forces and volunteers to the newly chosen Confederate president, Jefferson Davis. Davis was a graduate of the U.S. Military Academy, and colonel of a volunteer regiment during the Mexican–American War. He had also been a United States Senator from Mississippi and U.S. Secretary of War under President Franklin Pierce. On March 1, 1861, on behalf of the Confederate government, Davis assumed control of the military situation at Charleston, South Carolina, where South Carolina state militia besieged Fort Sumter in Charleston harbor, held by a small U.S. Army garrison. By March 1861, the Provisional Confederate Congress expanded the provisional forces and established a more permanent Confederate States Army.

The original county seat was the town of Ben Ficklin. In 1882, flood waters of the Concho River destroyed the town and drowned 65 people. The county seat was moved to San(ta) Angela. In 1883, the town's name was officially changed to San Angelo by the United States Post Office.

Ben Ficklin (Benficklin), Texas county seat of Tom Green County from 1875 to 1882, was located 5 miles (8 km) south of Fort Concho on the east bank of the South Concho River.

Concho River river in the United States of America

The Concho River is a river in the U.S. state of Texas. Concho is Spanish for "shell"; the river was so named due to its abundance of freshwater mussels, such as the Tampico pearly mussel.

United States Postal Service independent agency of the U.S. federal government responsible for providing postal service

The United States Postal Service is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for providing postal service in the United States, including its insular areas and associated states. It is one of the few government agencies explicitly authorized by the United States Constitution.

Tom Green County has a long, narrow strip of land extending to the west. This unusual feature is because Reagan County to the west used to be part of Tom Green County, and the state of Texas required that all counties have a contiguous land route to their county seat. Therefore, the small strip of land served to connect the two main regions. In 1903, the residents of the western section voted to form their own county (Reagan County), while in the same vote it was decided that the connecting strip would remain as part of Tom Green County. [4]

Reagan County, Texas County in the United States

Reagan County is a county on the Edwards Plateau in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 3,367. The county seat is Big Lake. The county is named after John Henninger Reagan (1818-1905), who was the postmaster general of the Confederate States and also a U.S. Senator, U.S. Representative, and first chairman of the Railroad Commission of Texas.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,541 square miles (3,990 km2), of which 1,522 square miles (3,940 km2) are land and 19 square miles (49 km2) (1.2%) are covered by water. [5]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1880 3,615
1890 5,15242.5%
1900 6,80432.1%
1910 17,882162.8%
1920 15,210−14.9%
1930 36,033136.9%
1940 39,3029.1%
1950 58,92949.9%
1960 64,6309.7%
1970 71,0479.9%
1980 84,78419.3%
1990 98,45816.1%
2000 104,0105.6%
2010 110,2246.0%
Est. 2016118,386 [6] 7.4%
U.S. Decennial Census [7]
1850–2010 [8] 2010–2014 [1]

As of the census [9] of 2000, 104,010 people, 39,503 households, and 26,783 families resided in the county. The population density was 68 people per square mile (26/km2). There were 43,916 housing units at an average density of 29 per mi2 (11/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 50.76% White, 5.13% Black or African American, 0.65% Native American, 0.86% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 12.82% from other races, and 2.39% from two or more races. About 30.71% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race, 13.2% were of German, 10.7% American, 8.2% English and 7.2% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

Of the 39,503 households, 33.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.10% were married couples living together, 11.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.20% were not families. About 27.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the county, the population age was distributed as 26.10% under the age of 18, 12.80% from 18 to 24, 27.10% from 25 to 44, 20.60% from 45 to 64, and 13.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,148, and for a family was $39,482. Males had a median income of $27,949 versus $20,683 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,325. About 11.20% of families and 15.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.20% of those under age 18 and 11.80% of those age 65 or over.

Education

View from U.S. Highway 87 northwest of San Angelo in Tom Green County U.S. Hwy. 87 north of San Angelo, TX IMG 1399.JPG
View from U.S. Highway 87 northwest of San Angelo in Tom Green County

These school districts serve Tom Green County:

Colleges

Communities

Former Texas Theater in downtown San Angelo Former Texas Theater in downtown San Angelo IMG 4476.JPG
Former Texas Theater in downtown San Angelo

City

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Ghost town

Military base

Politics

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results [10]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 71.5%27,49423.8% 9,1734.7% 1,812
2012 73.2%26,87825.3% 9,2941.5% 548
2008 70.4%27,36228.7% 11,1580.9% 341
2004 75.3%28,18524.1% 9,0070.6% 225
2000 71.4%24,73326.8% 9,2881.8% 605
1996 55.2%18,11235.9% 11,7828.9% 2,914
1992 40.8%14,98931.1% 11,43728.1% 10,313
1988 63.1%21,46336.1% 12,2830.8% 266
1984 72.5%23,84727.3% 8,9810.3% 82
1980 60.7%16,55536.3% 9,8923.0% 824
1976 52.3%12,31647.0% 11,0640.7% 174
1972 71.9%15,78427.7% 6,0820.4% 95
1968 49.6%9,68234.7% 6,77415.8% 3,080
1964 40.5% 6,66459.4%9,7670.1% 12
1960 53.6%8,17646.1% 7,0310.3% 39
1956 64.6%9,07035.1% 4,9230.3% 40
1952 62.5%9,69837.4% 5,7970.2% 24
1948 20.0% 1,82274.3%6,7775.7% 517
1944 13.5% 1,12575.5%6,27210.9% 909
1940 14.0% 1,04985.8%6,4330.2% 15
1936 11.4% 62787.3%4,8031.3% 69
1932 12.9% 73986.8%4,9570.3% 18
1928 63.1%2,61836.8% 1,5280.1% 2
1924 19.8% 55475.7%2,1164.4% 124
1920 15.5% 25676.6%1,2647.9% 130
1916 6.5% 9288.2%1,2435.3% 75
1912 4.5% 5081.2%90614.3% 160

See also

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Christoval, Texas CDP in Texas, United States

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South Concho River river in the United States of America

The South Concho River is one of the few rivers in Texas to run south to north for its entire length. Rising from Anson Springs some 4 miles (6.4 km) south of Christoval, Texas, in Tom Green County, it flows north through the town of Christoval, then continues north for 13 miles (21 km) before it joins the Middle Concho to form Twin Buttes Reservoir in what is now southwest San Angelo. When released, the river flows through Lake Nasworthy, and continues north to join the North Concho River at Bell St. in east San Angelo. The river is known for its cool, clear, deep water and its pecan-covered banks. Watercress grows in the shallows along the banks.

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References

  1. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 26, 2013.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. "Texas: Individual County Chronologies". Texas Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2008. Retrieved May 27, 2015.
  4. "Abilene Reporter-News". Abilene Reporter-News. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
  5. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved May 11, 2015.
  6. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  7. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 11, 2015.
  8. "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved May 11, 2015.
  9. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  10. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 9 April 2018.

Coordinates: 31°25′N100°28′W / 31.41°N 100.46°W / 31.41; -100.46