Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway

Last updated

Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway
Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Herald.svg
BNSF Map.png
Santa Fe system (shown in blue) at the time of the BNSF merger
AT&SF 5051 was eastbound at Marceline, MO in August 1983 (28903615785).jpg
ATSF 5051, an EMD SD40-2, leads a train through Marceline, Missouri, in August 1983.
Overview
Headquarters Chicago, Illinois
Kansas City, Missouri
Los Angeles, California
Reporting mark ATSF
Locale
Dates of operation1859;164 years ago (1859)1996;27 years ago (1996)
Successor BNSF Railway
Technical
Track gauge 4 ft 8+12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Length13,115 miles (21,107 km)

The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway( reporting mark ATSF), often referred to as the Santa Fe or AT&SF, was one of the larger railroads in the United States. [1] The railroad was chartered in February 1859 to serve the cities of Atchison and Topeka, Kansas, and Santa Fe, New Mexico. The railroad reached the KansasColorado border in 1873 and Pueblo, Colorado, in 1876. To create a demand for its services, the railroad set up real estate offices and sold farmland from the land grants that it was awarded by Congress. [1]

Contents

Despite being chartered to serve the city, the railroad chose to bypass Santa Fe, due to the engineering challenges of the mountainous terrain. Eventually a branch line from Lamy, New Mexico, brought the Santa Fe railroad to its namesake city. [2]

The Santa Fe was a pioneer in intermodal freight transport; at various times, it operated an airline, the short-lived Santa Fe Skyway, and the fleet of Santa Fe Railroad Tugboats. [3] Its bus line extended passenger transportation to areas not accessible by rail, and ferryboats on the San Francisco Bay allowed travelers to complete their westward journeys to the Pacific Ocean. The AT&SF was the subject of a popular song, Harry Warren and Johnny Mercer's "On the Atchison, Topeka and the Santa Fe", written for the film The Harvey Girls (1946).

The railroad officially ceased operations on December 31, 1996, when it merged with the Burlington Northern Railroad to form the Burlington Northern and Santa Fe Railway.

History

Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway

AT&SF trademark in the late 19th century incorporated the British lion out of respect for the country's financial assistance in building the railroad to California. Santa Fe Route.jpg
AT&SF trademark in the late 19th century incorporated the British lion out of respect for the country's financial assistance in building the railroad to California.
D&RGW through Royal Gorge in 1881 Royal gorge.jpg
D&RGW through Royal Gorge in 1881
Gold bond of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad Company, issued October 1, 1889 Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe RR 1889.jpg
Gold bond of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad Company, issued October 1, 1889
A map of "The Santa Fe Route" and subsidiary lines, as published in an 1891 issue of the Grain Dealers and Shippers Gazetteer Santa Fe Route Map 1891.jpg
A map of "The Santa Fé Route" and subsidiary lines, as published in an 1891 issue of the Grain Dealers and Shippers Gazetteer

Expansion

A comparison map prepared by the Santa Fe Railroad in 1921, showing the "Old Santa Fe Trail" (top) and the AT&SF and its connections (bottom) Santa Fe Trail and Railroad map, 1922.jpg
A comparison map prepared by the Santa Fe Railroad in 1921, showing the "Old Santa Fé Trail" (top) and the AT&SF and its connections (bottom)

On March 29, 1955, the railway was one of many companies that sponsored attractions in Disneyland with its five-year sponsorship of all Disneyland trains and stations until 1974. [4]

In 1960, AT&SF bought the Toledo, Peoria & Western Railroad (TP&W); then sold a half-interest to the Pennsylvania Railroad (PRR). The TP&W cut straight east across Illinois from near Fort Madison, Iowa (Lomax, IL), to a connection with the PRR at Effner, Indiana (Illinois–Indiana border), forming a bypass around Chicago for traffic moving between the two lines. The TP&W route did not mesh with the traffic patterns Conrail developed after 1976, so AT&SF bought back the other half, merged the TP&W in 1983, then sold it back into independence in 1989. [5]

Attempted Southern Pacific merger

AT&SF and SP Railroad trains meet at Walong siding on the Tehachapi Loop in the late 1980s. Under a container car, Walong, California.jpg
AT&SF and SP Railroad trains meet at Walong siding on the Tehachapi Loop in the late 1980s.

AT&SF began to talk mergers in the 1980s. The Southern Pacific Santa Fe Railroad (SPSF) was a proposed merger between the parent companies of the Southern Pacific and AT&SF announced on December 23, 1983. As part of the joining of the two firms, all rail and non-rail assets owned by Santa Fe Industries and the Southern Pacific Transportation Company were placed under the control of a holding company, the Santa Fe–Southern Pacific Corporation. The merger was subsequently denied by the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) on the basis that it would create too many duplicate routes. [6] [7]

The companies were so confident the merger would be approved that they began repainting locomotives and non-revenue rolling stock in a new unified paint scheme. While Southern Pacific (railroad) was sold off to Rio Grande Industries, all of the SP's real estate holdings were consolidated into a new company, Catellus Development Corporation, making it California's largest private landowner, of which Santa Fe remained the owner. In the early 1980s, gold was discovered on several properties west of Battle Mountain, Nevada along I-80, on ground owned by the Santa Fe Railroad (formerly SP). The Santa Fe Pacific Corporation (a name correlation of Santa Fe and Southern Pacific) was to develop the properties. They were sold to Newmont during 1997 in preparation for the merger with Burlington Northern). Sometime later, Catellus would purchase the Union Pacific Railroad's interest in the Los Angeles Union Passenger Terminal (LAUPT). [5]

Burlington Northern merger

On September 22, 1995, AT&SF merged with Burlington Northern Railroad to form the Burlington Northern & Santa Fe Railway (BNSF). Some of the challenges resulting from the joining of the two companies included the establishment of a common dispatching system, the unionization of AT&SF's non-union dispatchers, and incorporating AT&SF's train identification codes throughout. The two lines maintained separate operations until December 31, 1996, when it officially became BNSF.

18701945
Gross operating revenue $182,580$528,080,530
Total track length62 miles (100 km)13,115 miles (21,107 km)
Freight carried98,920 tons59,565,100 tons
Passengers carried33,63011,264,000
Locomotives owned61,759
Unpowered rolling stock owned14181,974 freight cars
1,436 passenger cars
Source: Santa Fe Railroad (1945), Along Your Way, Rand McNally, Chicago, Illinois.
Revenue Freight Ton-Miles (Millions)
ATSF/GC&SF/P&SFOklahoma City-Ada-AtokaFtWorth & Rio GrandeKCM&O/KCM&O of Texas Clinton & Oklahoma Western New Mexico Central
192513862144233021
193387121218(incl P&SF)(incl P&SF)(incl ATSF)
19443760345(incl GC&SF)
19603663520
197048328(merged)
Revenue Passenger-Miles (Millions)
ATSF/GC&SF/P&SFOklahoma City-Ada-AtokaFtWorth & Rio GrandeKCM&O/KCM&O of Texas Clinton & Oklahoma Western New Mexico Central
192514105680.10.1
19335550.10.8(incl P&SF)(incl P&SF)(incl ATSF)
194462500.2(incl GC&SF)
196016890
1970727(merged)

Company officers

Cyrus K Holliday.jpg
Cyrus K. Holliday, first president of AT&SF
William Barstow Strong.jpg
William Barstow Strong, president 1881–1889

Passenger service

AT&SF passenger train, c. 1895 ATSF 1890s passenger train.jpg
AT&SF passenger train, c. 1895
A map depicting the "Grand Canyon Route", c. 1901 Grand Canyon Route of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway 1900-05.jpg
A map depicting the "Grand Canyon Route", c.1901
AT&SF pass from 1923 1923 train ticket.jpg
AT&SF pass from 1923
Scene from the filming of The Harvey Girls (1946) Scene from The Harvey Girls.JPG
Scene from the filming of The Harvey Girls (1946)
The San Francisco Chief in the 1950s San Francisco Chief.JPG
The San Francisco Chief in the 1950s
The exterior of a Hi-Level lounge on the El Capitan soon after completion in 1956 Sante Fe Railroad El Capitan.JPG
The exterior of a Hi-Level lounge on the El Capitan soon after completion in 1956
ATSF EMD F7 in classic Warbonnet livery, leading the San Diegan, heading south near Miramar, California, in 1973 ATSF San Diegan heading South near Miramar, 1973.jpg
ATSF EMD F7 in classic Warbonnet livery, leading the San Diegan, heading south near Miramar, California, in 1973

AT&SF was widely known for its passenger train service in the first half of the 20th century. AT&SF introduced many innovations in passenger rail travel, among these the "Pleasure Domes" of the Super Chief (billed as the "...only dome car[s] between Chicago and Los Angeles" when they were introduced in 1951) and the "Big Dome" Lounge cars and double-decker Hi-Level cars of the El Capitan , which entered revenue service in 1954. The railroad was among the first to add dining cars to its passenger trains, a move which began in 1891, following the examples of the Northern Pacific and Union Pacific railroads. The AT&SF offered food on board in a dining car or at one of the many Harvey House restaurants that were strategically located throughout the system. [1]

In general, the same train name was used for both directions of a particular train. The exceptions to this rule included the Chicagoan and Kansas Cityan trains (both names referred to the same service, but the Chicagoan was the eastbound version, while the Kansas Cityan was the westbound version), and the Eastern Express and West Texas Express. All AT&SF trains that terminated in Chicago did so at Dearborn Station. Trains terminating in Los Angeles arrived at AT&SF's La Grande Station until May 1939, when Los Angeles Union Passenger Terminal was opened.

The Santa Fe was the only railroad to run trains from Chicago to California on its own tracks. The railway's extensive network was also home to a number of regional services. These generally couldn't boast of the size or panache of the transcontinental trains, but built up enviable reputations of their own nonetheless. Of these, the Chicago-Texas trains were the most famous and impressive. The San Diegans, which ran from Los Angeles to San Diego, were the most popular and durable, becoming to the Santa Fe what New York City-Philadelphia trains were to the Pennsylvania Railroad. But Santa Fe flyers also served Tulsa, Oklahoma, El Paso, Texas, Phoenix, Arizona (the Hassayampa Flyer ), and Denver, Colorado, among other cities not on their main line.

To reach smaller communities, the railroad operated mixed (passenger and freight) trains or gas-electric doodlebug rail cars. The latter were later converted to diesel power, and one pair of Budd Rail Diesel Cars was eventually added. After World War II, Santa Fe Trailways buses replaced most of these lesser trains. These smaller trains generally were not named; only the train numbers were used to differentiate services.

The ubiquitous passenger service inspired the title of the 1946 Academy-Award-winning Harry Warren tune "On the Atchison, Topeka and the Santa Fe." The song was written in 1945 for the film The Harvey Girls , a story about the waitresses of the Fred Harvey Company's restaurants. [1] It was sung in the film by Judy Garland and recorded by many other singers, including Bing Crosby. In the 1970s, the railroad used Crosby's version in a commercial.

AT&SF ceased operating passenger trains on May 1, 1971, when it conveyed its remaining trains to Amtrak. These included the Super Chief / El Capitan, the Texas Chief and the San Diegan (though Amtrak reduced the San Diegan from three round trips to two). Discontinued were the San Francisco Chief , the ex- Grand Canyon , the Tulsan , and a Denver–La Junta local. [11] ATSF had been more than willing to retain the San Diegan and its famed Chiefs. However, any railroad that opted out of Amtrak would have been required to operate all of its passenger routes until at least 1976. The prospect of having to keep operating its less-successful routes, especially the money-bleeding 23/24 (the former Grand Canyon) led ATSF to get out of passenger service altogether. [12]

Amtrak still runs the Super Chief and San Diegan today as the Southwest Chief and Pacific Surfliner, respectively, although the original routes and equipment have been modified by Amtrak.

Named trains

AT&SF operated the following named trains on regular schedules:

Special trains

A promotional brochure for the Santa Fe Railway's Scott Special passenger train ATSF Scott Special 1905.jpg
A promotional brochure for the Santa Fe Railway's Scott Special passenger train

Occasionally, a special train was chartered to make a high-profile run over the Santa Fe's track. These specials were not included in the railroad's regular revenue service lineup, but were intended as one-time (and usually one-way) traversals of the railroad. Some of the more notable specials include:

Signals

The Santa Fe employed several distinctive wayside and crossing signal styles. In an effort to reduce grade crossing accidents, the Santa Fe was an early user of wigwag signals from the Magnetic Signal Company, beginning in the 1920s. They had several distinct styles that were not commonly seen elsewhere. Model 10's, which had the wigwag motor and banner coming from halfway up the mast with the crossbucks on top, were almost unique to the Santa Fe–the Southern Pacific had a few as well. Upper quadrant Magnetic Flagmen were used extensively on the Santa Fe as well–virtually every small town main street and a number of city streets had their crossings protected by these unique wigwags. Virtually all the wigwags were replaced with modern signals by the turn of the 21st century.

The railroad was also known for its tall "T-2 style" upper quadrant semaphores which provided traffic control on its lines. Again, the vast majority of these had been replaced by the beginning of the 21st century, with fewer than 50 still remaining in use in New Mexico as of 2015.

Paint schemes

Steam locomotives

AT&SF#1129, a 1902 Baldwin 2-6-2 Prairie locomotive, preserved at Las Vegas, New Mexico, since 1956 ATSF engine no. 1129.jpg
AT&SF#1129, a 1902 Baldwin 2-6-2 Prairie locomotive, preserved at Las Vegas, New Mexico, since 1956

The Santa Fe operated a large and varied fleet of steam locomotives. In 1899, the company owned 1036 locomotives. [13] Among them was the 2-10-2 "Santa Fe", originally built for the railroad by Baldwin Locomotive Works in 1903. [14] [15] The railroad would ultimately end up with the largest fleet of them, at over 300.[ citation needed ] Aside from the 2-10-2, Santa Fe rostered virtually every type of steam locomotive imaginable, including 4-4-2 Atlantics, 2-6-0 Moguls, 2-8-0 Consolidations, 2-8-2 Mikados, 2-10-0 Decapods, 2-6-2 Prairies, 4-8-4 Northerns, 4-6-4 Hudsons, 4-6-2 Pacifics, 4-8-2 Mountains, 2-8-4 Berkshires, and 2-10-4 Texas. The railroad also operated a fleet of heavy articulated steam locomotives, including 1158 class 2-6-6-2s, 2-8-8-0s, 2-10-10-2s, 2-8-8-2s, and the rare 4-4-6-2 Mallet type. The railroad retired its last steam locomotive in 1959.

During the twentieth century, all but one of these was painted black, with white unit numbers on the sand domes and three sides of the tender. Cab sides were lettered "AT&SF", also in white. The subsidiary Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe often painted all or part of the smokebox (between the boiler and the headlight) white or silver. In 1940, the circle and cross emblem was applied to the tenders of a few passenger locomotives, but these were all later painted over. After World War II, "Santa Fe" appeared on tender sides of mainline road locomotives in white, above the unit number. Locomotives were delivered from Baldwin with white paint on the wheel rims, but the road did not repaint these "whitewalls" after shopping the locomotives. After World War II, side rods and valve gear were painted chrome yellow. For a short time, Pacific types 1369 and 1376 were semi-streamlined for "Valley Flyer" service, with a unique paint scheme in colors similar to those used on the new passenger diesels. More unique was the two-tone light blue over royal blue scheme of streamlined Hudson type 3460.

Preserved locomotives

AT&SF No. 870, a 1906-built 2-8-0 from Burnham, Williams & Co. on static display at park in Santa Fe Springs Santa Fe ^870 - panoramio.jpg
AT&SF No. 870, a 1906-built 2-8-0 from Burnham, Williams & Co. on static display at park in Santa Fe Springs

While most of the Santa Fe's steam locomotives were retired and sold for scrap, over fifty were saved and donated to various parks and museums, a handful of which have either been restored to operating condition or are pending future restoration.

Some of the more notable locomotives include:

Diesel locomotives

Passenger

EMC 1800 hp B-B in the original Golden Olive scheme (1935) ATSF1 1935.JPG
EMC 1800 hp B-B in the original Golden Olive scheme (1935)

Santa Fe's first set of diesel-electric passenger locomotives was placed in service on the Super Chief in 1936, and consisted of a pair of blunt-nosed units (EMC 1800 hp B-B) designated as Nos. 1 and 1A. The upper portion of the sides and ends of the units were painted gold, while the lower section was a dark olive green color; an olive stripe also ran along the sides and widened as it crossed the front of the locomotive.

Riveted to the sides of the units were metal plaques bearing a large "Indian Head" logo, which owed its origin to the 1926 Chief "drumhead" logo. "Super Chief" was emblazoned on a plaque located on the front. The rooftop was light slate gray, rimmed by a red pinstripe. This unique combination of colors was called the Golden Olive paint scheme. [29] [30] Before entering service, Sterling McDonald 's General Motors Styling Department augmented the look with the addition of red and blue striping along both the sides and ends of the units in order to enhance their appearance.

EMC E1 in Warbonnet (1938) Golden Gate Santa Fe train.JPG
EMC E1 in Warbonnet (1938)

In a little over a year, the EMC E1 (a new and improved streamlined locomotive) would be pulling the Super Chief and other passenger consists, resplendent in the now-famous Warbonnet paint scheme devised by Leland Knickerbocker of the GM Art and Color Section. Its design was protected under a U.S. design patent, [31] granted on November 9, 1937. It is reminiscent of a Native American ceremonial head-dress. The scheme consisted of a red "bonnet" that wrapped around the front of the unit and was bordered by a yellow stripe and black pinstripe. The extent of the bonnet varied according to the locomotive model and was largely determined by the shape and length of the car body. The remainder of the unit was either painted silver or was composed of stainless-steel panels.

All units wore a nose emblem consisting of an elongated yellow "Circle and Cross" emblem with integral "tabs" on the nose and the sides, outlined and accented with black pinstripes, with variances according to the locomotive model. "SANTA FE" was displayed on the horizontal limb of the cross in black, Art Deco-style lettering. This emblem has come to be known as the "cigar band" due to its uncanny resemblance to the same. On all but the "Erie-built" units (which were essentially run as a demonstrator set), GE U28CG, GE U30CG, and FP45 units, a three-part yellow and black stripe ran up the nose behind the band.

A "Circle and Cross" motif (consisting of a yellow field, with red quadrants, outlined in black) was painted around the side windows on "as-delivered" E1 units. Similar designs were added to E3s, E6s, the DL109/110 locomotive set, and ATSF 1A after it was rebuilt and repainted. The sides of the units typically bore the words "SANTA FE" in black, 5"– or 9"–high extra extended Railroad Roman letters, as well as the "Indian Head" logo, [32] [33] with a few notable exceptions.

Railway identity on diesel locomotives in passenger service:

Locomotive Type"Indian Head""Circle and Cross""Santa Fe"LogotypeStarting YearComments
ATSF 1 YesYes*YesNo1937"Circle and Cross" added to No. 1 after rebuild in May 1938
EMC E1, E3, & E6 Yes*YesYesNo1937"Indian Head" added to B units at a later date
ALCO DL109/110 Yes*YesYesNo1941No "Indian Head" on B unit
EMD FT Yes*NoYesNo1945"Indian Head" added to B units at a later date
ALCO PA / PB Yes*NoYesNo1946"Indian Head" added to B units at a later date
EMD F3 Yes*NoYesNo1946"Indian Head" on B units only
FM Erie-built Yes*NoYes*No1947"Indian Head" and "SANTA FE" on A units only
EMD F7 Yes*NoYes*No1949"Indian Head" on B units only; "SANTA FE" added in 1954
EMD E8 Yes*NoYesNo1952"Indian Head" on B units only
GE U28CG NoNoNoYes1966"Santa Fe" logotype in large, red "billboard"-style letters
GE U30CG NoNoYes*No19675"–high non-extended "SANTA FE" letters
EMD FP45 NoNoYes*No19679"–high "SANTA FE" letters

Source: Pelouze, Richard W. (1997). Trademarks of the Santa Fe Railway. The Santa Fe Railway Historical and Modeling Society, Inc., Highlands Ranch, Colorado, pp. 47–50.

In later years, Santa Fe adapted the scheme to its gas-electric "doodlebug" units. [34] The standard for all of Santa Fe's passenger locomotives, the Warbonnet is considered by many to be the most-recognized corporate logo in the railroad industry. Early after Amtrak's inception in 1971, Santa Fe embarked on a program to repaint the red bonnet on its F units that were still engaged in hauling passenger consists with yellow (also called Yellowbonnets) or dark blue (nicknamed Bluebonnets), as it no longer wanted to project the image of a passenger carrier.

Freight

Santa Fe#103, an EMD FT unit decorated in the "Cat Whiskers" scheme, receives service during World War II. ATSF DL in Kansas.jpg
Santa Fe#103, an EMD FT unit decorated in the "Cat Whiskers" scheme, receives service during World War II.

Diesels used as switchers between 1935 and 1960 were painted black, with just a thin white or silver horizontal accent stripe (the sills were painted similarly). The letters "A.T.& S.F." were applied in a small font centered on the sides of the unit, as was the standard blue and white "Santa Fe" box logo. After World War II, diagonal white or silver stripes were added to the ends and cab sides to increase the visibility at grade crossings (typically referred to as the Zebra Stripe scheme). "A.T.& S.F." was now placed along the sides of the unit just above the accent stripe, with the blue and white "Santa Fe" box logo below.

Due to the lack of abundant water sources in the American desert, the Santa Fe Railway was among the first railroads to receive large numbers of streamlined diesel locomotives for use in freight service, in the form of the EMD FT. For the first group of FTs, delivered between December 1940 and March 1943 (#100–#119), the railroad selected a color scheme consisting of dark blue accented by a pale yellow stripe up the nose, and pale yellow highlights around the cab and along the mesh and framing of openings in the sides of the engine compartment; a thin red stripe separated the blue areas from the yellow.

A museum restoration of Kennecott Copper Corporation #103 (an Alco model RS-2) now bears the #2098 and the ATSF Zebra Stripe paint scheme. Santa Fe loco.jpg
A museum restoration of Kennecott Copper Corporation #103 (an Alco model RS-2) now bears the #2098 and the ATSF Zebra Stripe paint scheme.

The words SANTA FE were applied in yellow in a 5"–high extended font, and centered on the nose was the "Santa Fe" box logo (initially consisting of a blue cross, circle, and square painted on a solid bronze sheet, but subsequently changed to baked steel sheets painted bronze with the blue identifying elements applied on top). Three thin, pale yellow stripes (known as Cat Whiskers) extended from the nose logo around the cab sides. In January, 1951, Santa Fe revised the scheme to consist of three yellow stripes running up the nose, with the addition of a blue and yellow Cigar Band (similar in size and shape to that applied to passenger units); the blue background and elongated yellow "SANTA FE" lettering were retained.

The years 1960 to 1972 saw non-streamlined freight locomotives sporting the "Billboard" color scheme (sometimes referred to as the "Bookends" or "Pinstripe" scheme), where the units were predominantly dark blue with yellow ends and trim, with a single yellow accent pinstripe. The words "Santa Fe" were applied in yellow in large bold serif letters (logotype) to the sides of the locomotive below the accent stripe (save for yard switchers which displayed the "SANTA FE" in small yellow letters above the accent stripe, somewhat akin to the Zebra Stripe arrangement).

From 1972 to 1996, and even on into the BNSF era, the company adopted a new paint scheme often known among railfans as the "Freightbonnet", which placed more yellow on the locomotives (reminiscent of the company's retired Warbonnet scheme); the goal again was to ensure higher visibility at grade crossings. The truck assemblies, previously colored black, now received silver paint.

Santa Fe #2378, an Alco S-2 switcher in the Billboard scheme (1966) ATSF ALCO 2378 Richmond Yd Goat Oct 66xRP - Flickr - drewj1946.jpg
Santa Fe #2378, an Alco S-2 switcher in the Billboard scheme (1966)

In 1965, the road took delivery of ten GE U28CG dual-service roadswitcher locomotives equally suited to passenger or fast freight service. These wore a variation of the "Warbonnet" scheme in which the black and yellow separating stripes disappeared. The "Santa Fe" name was emblazoned on the sides in large black letters, using the same stencils used on freight engines; these were soon repainted in red. In 1989, Santa Fe resurrected this version of the "Warbonnet" scheme and applied it to two SDFP45 units, #5992 and #5998. The units were re-designated as #101 and #102 and reentered service on July 4, 1989, as part of the new "Super Fleet" campaign (the first Santa Fe units to be so decorated for freight service). The six remaining FP45 units were thereafter similarly repainted and renumbered. From that point forward, most new locomotives wore red and silver, and many retained this scheme after the Burlington Northern Santa Fe merger, some with "BNSF" displayed across their sides.

For the initial deliveries of factory-new "Super Fleet" equipment, Santa Fe took delivery of the EMD GP60M and General Electric B40-8W which made the Santa Fe the only US Class I railroad to operate new 4-axle (B-B) freight locomotives equipped with the North American Safety Cab intended for high-speed intermodal service.

Several experimental and commemorative paint schemes emerged during the Santa Fe's diesel era. One combination was developed and partially implemented in anticipation of a merger between the parent companies of the Santa Fe and Southern Pacific (SP) railroads in 1984. The red, yellow, and black paint scheme with large yellow block letters on the sides and ends of the units of the proposed Southern Pacific Santa Fe Railroad (SPSF) has come to be somewhat derisively known among railfans as the Kodachrome livery, due to the similarity in colors to the boxes containing slide film sold by the Eastman Kodak Company under the same name. Santa Fe units repainted in this scheme were labeled "SF", Southern Pacific units "SP", and some (presumably new) units wore the letters "SPSF". After the ICC's denial of the merger, railfans joked that SPSF really stood for "Shouldn't Paint So Fast." [35]

ATSF 108 at Southern California Railway Museum ATSF 108 at Southern California Railway Museum.jpg
ATSF 108 at Southern California Railway Museum

Ferry service

Santa Fe maintained and operated a fleet of three passenger ferry boats (the San Pablo, the San Pedro, and the Ocean Wave) that connected Richmond, California, with San Francisco by water. The ships traveled the eight miles between the San Francisco Ferry Terminal and the railroad's Point Richmond terminal across San Francisco Bay. The service was originally established as a continuation of the company's named passenger train runs such as the Angel and the Saint. The larger two ships (the San Pablo and the San Pedro) carried Fred Harvey Company dining facilities.

Rival SP owned the world's largest ferry fleet (which was subsidized by other railroad activities), at its peak carrying 40 million passengers and 60 million vehicles annually aboard 43 vessels. Santa Fe discontinued ferry service in 1933 due to the effects of the Great Depression and routed their trains to Southern Pacific's ferry terminal in Oakland. The San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge opened in 1936, initiating a slow decline in demand for SP's ferry service, which was eventually discontinued circa 1958; starting in 1938, SF-bound passengers could board buses across the bridge at the Santa Fe Oakland depot (located in Emeryville).[ citation needed ]

See also

P train.svg   Trainsportal

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">BNSF Railway</span> American freight railroad

BNSF Railway is one of the largest freight railroads in North America. One of seven North American Class I railroads, BNSF has 35,000 employees, 32,500 miles (52,300 km) of track in 28 states, and nearly 8,000 locomotives. It has three transcontinental routes that provide rail connections between the western and eastern United States. BNSF trains traveled over 169 million miles in 2010, more than any other North American railroad.

<i>Super Chief</i> Named passenger train of the Santa Fe Railway

The Super Chief was one of the named passenger trains and the flagship of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway. The streamliner claimed to be "The Train of the Stars" because of the various celebrities it carried between Chicago, Illinois, and Los Angeles, California.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Santa Fe–Southern Pacific merger</span> 1980s attempt at Western US freight rail consolidation

The Santa Fe–Southern Pacific merger was an attempted corporate consolidation of two of the major railroads in the Western United States at the time: the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway and the Southern Pacific Railroad. The approximately US$5 billion deal was announced in September 1983 and in December 1983, both companies were acquired by a new holding company, the Santa Fe Southern Pacific Corporation and both companies extensive non-railroad related assets were immediately combined. However, the Southern Pacific Railroad remained in a voting trust and the railroads continued to be operated independently and competitively while the merger worked through the regulatory process.

<i>Chief</i> (train)

The Chief was a long-distance named passenger train of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway that ran between Chicago, Illinois and Los Angeles, California. The Santa Fe initiated the Chief in 1926 to supplement the California Limited. In 1936 the Super Chief was introduced, soon eclipsing the Chief as the standard bearer of the Santa Fe. The Chief was discontinued in 1968 due to high operating costs, competition from airlines, and the loss of Postal Office contracts.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Santa Fe 3751</span> Preserved American Santa Fe 3751 class 4-8-4 locomotive

Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe 3751 is a class 3751 4-8-4 steam locomotive built in 1927 by the Baldwin Locomotive Works in Eddystone (Philadelphia), Pennsylvania for the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway (ATSF). No. 3751 was the first 4-8-4 steam locomotive built for the Santa Fe and was referenced in documentation as type: "Heavy Mountain", "New Mountain", or "Mountain 4-wheel trailer". No. 3751 served in passenger duties until being retired in 1953.

<i>Grand Canyon Limited</i> ATSF Railway passenger service

The Grand Canyon Limited was one of the named passenger trains of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway. It was train Nos. 23 & 24 between Chicago, Illinois, and Los Angeles, California.

<i>Santa Fe de Luxe</i> Passenger train

The Santa Fe de Luxe was the first extra-fare named passenger train on the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Beep (locomotive)</span>

The "Beep" is an individual switcher locomotive built in 1970 by the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway at its Cleburne, Texas, workshops. Technically a rebuild, the Beep originally entered service on the Santa Fe as a Baldwin Model VO-1000. Following its successful CF7 capital rebuilding program, the company hoped to determine if remanufacturing its aging, non-EMD end cab switchers by fitting them with new EMD prime movers was an economically viable proposition. The conversion procedure proved too costly and only the one unit was modified. In 2008-2009, this locomotive was retired and stored operational at Topeka, Kansas. In May 2009 the unit was donated to the Western America Railroad Museum in Barstow, California.

The FM H-12-44TS was a light road switcher version of the Fairbanks-Morse H-12-44 yard switcher. Only three of the 1,200-horsepower (890 kW), six-cylinder opposed piston engine locomotives were manufactured especially for the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway in May, 1956. The units had an extended frame to accommodate the addition of a short hood behind the cab, and were configured in a B-B wheel arrangement and mounted atop a pair of two-axle AAR Type-A switcher trucks with all axles powered. H-12-44TSs also came equipped with steam generator units as they were acquired solely for shuttling passenger cars in and around the Dearborn Station terminal in Chicago, Illinois.

<i>Scott Special</i> One-off LA to Chicago express train

The Scott Special, also known as the Coyote Special, the Death Valley Coyote or the Death Valley Scotty Special, was a one-time, record-breaking passenger train operated by the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway from Los Angeles, California, to Chicago, Illinois, at the request of Walter E. Scott, known as "Death Valley Scotty". At the time of its transit in 1905, the Scott Special made the 2,265-mile (3,645 km) trip between the two cities at the fastest speed recorded to date; in doing so, it established the Santa Fe as the leader in high-speed travel between Chicago and the West Coast. The Scott Special made the trip in 44 hours and 54 minutes breaking the previous records, set in 1900 by the Peacock Special, by 13 hours and 2 minutes, and in 1903 by the Lowe Special, by 7 hours and 55 minutes. Santa Fe's regular passenger service from Los Angeles to Chicago at the time was handled on a 2½-day schedule by the California Limited. It was not until the 1936 introduction of the Super Chief that Santa Fe trains would regularly exceed the speeds seen on the Scott Special.

Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway No. 1010 is a 2-6-2 type steam locomotive built by the Baldwin Locomotive Works in 1901 for Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway. It started out as a Vauclain compound locomotive before it was rebuilt into a conventional locomotive in the 1910s. It was primarily used for various passenger trains across the Southwestern United States, including the record breaking 1905 Scott Special on the segment between Needles, California, and Seligman, Arizona, before it was reassigned to freight service in the 1940s. It was retired in 1955 and was kept by the Santa Fe for several years for preservation purposes. In 1979, Santa Fe donated No. 1010 to the California State Railroad Museum, where the locomotive resides there in Sacramento as of 2022.

<i>Valley Flyer</i> ATSF Oakland-Bakersfield passenger train

The Valley Flyer was a short-lived named passenger train of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">GE U30CG</span>

The GE U30CG was a passenger-hauling diesel-electric locomotive built by GE Transportation Systems. It was a passenger variant of GE's U30C design purchased by the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway. ATSF had purchased ten U28CG locomotives in 1966, but while these locomotives were satisfactory operationally, they looked like freight locomotives, not passenger locomotives. Desiring smooth-sided passenger power, the railroad ordered the first cowl units from both GE and GM-EMD. GE produced the U30CG to meet this requirement. It was identical to a U30C except that the bodywork was replaced with a full-width long hood with fluted stainless-steel panels, and a full-width rounded nose and slanted cab front were fitted.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">San Bernardino Santa Fe Depot</span>

The San Bernardino Santa Fe Depot is a Mission Revival Style passenger rail terminal in San Bernardino, California, United States. It has been the primary station for the city, serving Amtrak today, and the Santa Fe and Union Pacific Railroads in the past. Until the mid-20th century, the Southern Pacific Railroad had a station 3/4 of a mile away. It currently serves one Amtrak and two Metrolink lines. The depot is a historical landmark listed on the National Register of Historic Places as Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Passenger and Freight Depot.

<i>Texas Chief</i> Passenger train operated by the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway

The Texas Chief was a passenger train operated by the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway between Chicago, Illinois, and Galveston, Texas. It was the first Santa Fe "Chief" outside the Chicago–Los Angeles routes. The Santa Fe conveyed the Texas Chief to Amtrak in 1971, which renamed it the Lone Star in 1974. The train was discontinued in 1979.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Santa Fe 3759</span> Preserved American Santa Fe 3751 class 4-8-4 locomotive

Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway 3759 is a class 3751 standard gauge 4-8-4 "Heavy Mountain" type steam railway locomotive built by the Baldwin Locomotive Works in 1928. It is on display in Locomotive Park, located between Andy Devine Avenue and Beale Street in Kingman, Arizona. The park was established in August 1957 with AT&SF 3759 donated to the City of Kingman in recognition of Kingman's history with the railroad. The locomotive is termed a Mountain type on the nearby information plaque, and also in the City's descriptive material which is correct for the Santa Fe. ATSF 4-8-4s were referenced in documentation as type "Heavy Mountain", "New Mountain" or "Mountain 4-wheel trailer."

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Santa Fe 108</span>

Santa Fe 108, formerly Santa Fe 98 , is a 1967 General Motors Electro-Motive Division FP45 diesel locomotive once owned by the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway and is today on permanent, operational display at the Southern California Railway Museum in Perris, California.

Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Depot, or variations with Railroad or Station or Passenger and/or Freight may refer to any one of many stations of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway. These include:

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Southern California Railway Museum</span> Railroad museum in Perris, California

The Southern California Railway Museum, formerly known as the Orange Empire Railway Museum, is a railroad museum in Perris, California, United States. It was founded in 1956 at Griffith Park in Los Angeles before moving to the former Pinacate Station as the "Orange Empire Trolley Museum" in 1958. It was renamed "Orange Empire Railway Museum" in 1975 after merging with a museum then known as the California Southern Railroad Museum, and adopted its current name in 2019. The museum also operates a heritage railroad on the museum grounds.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 John, Sedgwick (July 2021). "How the Santa Fe Railroad Changed America Forever". Smithsonian Magazine. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved July 25, 2022.
  2. Gagnier, Monica Roman (May 15, 2020). "George R.R. Martin and friends are working on the railroad". Albuquerque Journal. Retrieved August 20, 2020.
  3. "Santa Fe Pacific Corporation". encyclopedia.com. Retrieved November 19, 2019.
  4. Walt Disney's Railroad Story, by Michael Broggie, 1997. Page 273. Via Chronology of Disneyland Theme Park: 1952–1955.
  5. 1 2 Drury, George H. (1992). The Train-Watcher's Guide to North American Railroads: A Contemporary Reference to the Major railroads of the U.S., Canada and Mexico. Waukesha, Wisconsin: Kalmbach Publishing. pp. 37–42. ISBN   978-0-89024-131-8.
  6. "Western Pacific Railroad Museum – Southern Pacific 2873" . Retrieved December 31, 2011.
  7. Pittman, Russell W. (1990). "Railroads and Competition: The Santa Fe/Southern Pacific Merger Proposal". The Journal of Industrial Economics. 39 (1): 25–46. doi:10.2307/2098366. JSTOR   2098366.
  8. Staff (January 15, 1890). "Railway News". The Railroad Telegrapher. Order of Railroad Telegraphers. p. 24. Retrieved August 11, 2015 via Newspapers.com. Open Access logo PLoS transparent.svg
  9. The Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway and Auxiliary Companies – Annual Meetings, and Directors and Officers; January 1, 1902. Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway Company. 1902. Retrieved September 7, 2010.
  10. "John Shedd Reed, rail executive". San Jose Mercury News. Associated Press. March 17, 2008. Retrieved March 17, 2008.
  11. "Santa Fe Joining Amtrack [sic]". Brownsville Herald . April 21, 1971. p. 2. Retrieved August 12, 2014 via Newspapers.com. Open Access logo PLoS transparent.svg
  12. Santa Fe timetable, March 1971 http://www.streamlinerschedules.com/concourse/track8/grandcanyon197104.html
  13. Evolution of the railway, Triumphs and wonders of the 19th century, A. J. Holman & Co., 1899; p. 645.
  14. Bryant (1974) , p. 228.
  15. "Photo of the Day: Santa Fe 2-10-2". Classic Trains. September 24, 2017. Archived from the original on June 16, 2019. Retrieved June 16, 2019.
  16. "California State Railroad Museum". www.californiarailroad.museum. Retrieved April 10, 2021.
  17. "SANTA FE Locomotive #643". Oklahoma Railway Museum. Retrieved April 10, 2021.
  18. "AT&SF 769 restoration updates". www.facebook.com. Retrieved April 10, 2021.
  19. "Texas State Railroad – Piney Woods Texas Area Railroad Tours". Texas State Railroad. Retrieved April 10, 2021.
  20. "Restoring AT&SF 2926 – official website". New Mexico Steam Locomotive and Railroad Historical Society. Archived from the original on May 15, 2019. Retrieved June 16, 2019.
  21. "Home". www.asvrr.org. Retrieved April 10, 2021.
  22. "RailGiants Train Museum | Historical Journey of the American Railroad". railgiants.org. Retrieved April 10, 2021.
  23. "Santa Fe 3463". Coalition for Sustainable Rail. Retrieved April 10, 2021.
  24. "San Bernardino Railroad Historical Society : Home". www.sbrhs.org. Retrieved April 10, 2021.
  25. "Kingman Daily Miner". news.google.com. Retrieved April 10, 2021 via Google News Archive Search.
  26. Hughes, Michael. "Amarillo officials plan to sell historic Madam Queen". Amarillo Globe-News. Retrieved April 10, 2021.
  27. "The National Museum of Transportation". National Museum of Transportation. Retrieved April 10, 2021.
  28. "National Railroad Museum | Green Bay Train & Railroad History". National Railroad Museum. Retrieved April 10, 2021.
  29. "Division Point Inc". Division Point Inc. Archived from the original on October 18, 2006.
  30. "Division Point Inc". Division Point Inc. Archived from the original on October 18, 2006.
  31. U.S. Patent D106,920
  32. "Photo: ATSF 304A Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe (ATSF) EMD F7(B) at Los Angeles, California, by Craig Walker". Railpictures.net. Retrieved September 7, 2010.
  33. "Photo: ATSF 300B Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe (ATSF) EMD F7(B) at Los Angeles, California, by Craig Walker". Railpictures.net. Retrieved September 7, 2010.
  34. "Photo: ATSF M160 Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe (ATSF) Gas Electric Doodlebug at Dallas, Texas, by Ellis Simon". Railpictures.net. March 13, 2005. Retrieved September 7, 2010.
  35. Brian Solomon (2005). Burlington Northern Santa Fe Railway. Voyageur Press. p. 218. ISBN   978-0-7603-2108-9.

Further reading