Nolan County, Texas

Last updated
Nolan County, Texas
Nolan County Texas Courthouse 2015.jpg
Nolan County Courthouse
Map of Texas highlighting Nolan County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of USA TX.svg
Texas's location within the U.S.
Founded1881
Named for Philip Nolan
Seat Sweetwater
Largest citySweetwater
Area
  Total914 sq mi (2,367 km2)
  Land912 sq mi (2,362 km2)
  Water2.0 sq mi (5 km2), 0.2%
Population
  (2010)15,216
  Density17/sq mi (7/km2)
Congressional district 19th
Time zone Central: UTC−6/−5
Website www.co.nolan.tx.us

Nolan County is a county located in the west central region of the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 15,216. [1] Its county seat is Sweetwater. [2] The county was created in 1876 and organized in 1881. [3] It is named for Philip Nolan, one of the first American traders to visit Texas.

County (United States) Subdivision used by most states in the United States of America

In the United States, an administrative or political subdivision of a state is a county, which is a region having specific boundaries and usually some level of governmental authority. The term "county" is used in 48 U.S. states, while Louisiana and Alaska have functionally equivalent subdivisions called parishes and boroughs respectively.

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders. Four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names.

Texas State of the United States of America

Texas is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders with the U.S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas to the southwest, and has a coastline with the Gulf of Mexico to the southeast.

Contents

Nolan County comprises the Sweetwater, TX Micropolitan Statistical Area .

Susan King has been since 2007 the Republican state representative from Nolan as well as Jones and Taylor Counties. [4]

Susan Lewis King is a Republican former member of the Texas House of Representatives for District 71 based in Abilene in Taylor County, Texas, and neighboring Jones and Nolan counties. King was her party's nominee for a fifth term in the general election on November 4, 2014.

Republican Party (United States) Major political party in the United States

The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP, is one of the two major political parties in the United States; the other is its historic rival, the Democratic Party.

Texas House of Representatives

The Texas House of Representatives is the lower house of the bicameral Texas Legislature. It consists of 150 members who are elected from single-member districts for two-year terms. As of the 2010 Census, each member represents about 167,637 people. There are no term limits, with the most senior member, Tom Craddick, having been elected in 1968.

From 1921 to 1925, the Democrat Richard M. Chitwood of Sweetwater represented Nolan County in the state House. As chairman of the House Education Committee, he worked in 1923 to establish what became Texas Tech University in Lubbock. He had first tried to obtain the institution for Sweetwater as the central location of West Texas. After the institution was established, he resigned from the House to move to Lubbock to become the first Texas Tech business manager. He served in that capacity for just 15 months; he died in Dallas in November 1926. [5]

Democratic Party (United States) Major political party in the United States

The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party. Tracing its heritage back to Thomas Jefferson and James Madison's Democratic-Republican Party, the modern-day Democratic Party was founded around 1828 by supporters of Andrew Jackson, making it the world's oldest active political party.

Richard M. Chitwood

Richard Mortimer Chitwood was a Democrat from Sweetwater, Texas, who represented District 117 in the Texas House of Representatives from 1923 to 1925. His district encompassed Fisher, Mitchell, and Nolan counties in West Texas. In his first House term from 1921 to 1923, he represented the same counties as District 121.

Texas Tech University Public research university in Lubbock, Texas, United States

Texas Tech University, often referred to as Texas Tech, Tech, or TTU, is a public research university in Lubbock, Texas. Established on February 10, 1923, and called until 1969 Texas Technological College, it is the main institution of the four-institution Texas Tech University System. The university's student enrollment is the seventh-largest in Texas as of the Fall 2017 semester.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 914 square miles (2,370 km2), of which 912 square miles (2,360 km2) are land and 2.0 square miles (5.2 km2) (0.2%) are covered by water. [6]

Nolan County is in the Cross Timbers region for wildlife management. [7] Geologically Nolan County occupies part of the Rolling Plains in the North and South, [8] separated by an isolated part of the Edwards Plateau [9] in much of the center. The uplifted plateau, rising up to 500 [10] feet above the surrounding plains, gives Nolan county an advantage on production of wind energy.

Plateau areas of the Cretaceous Period [11] and much of the county are underlain by petroleum deposits from the Pennsylvanian Period. [12]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1880 640
1890 1,573145.8%
1900 2,61166.0%
1910 11,999359.6%
1920 10,868−9.4%
1930 19,32377.8%
1940 17,309−10.4%
1950 19,80814.4%
1960 18,963−4.3%
1970 16,220−14.5%
1980 17,3597.0%
1990 16,594−4.4%
2000 15,802−4.8%
2010 15,216−3.7%
Est. 201614,993 [13] −1.5%
U.S. Decennial Census [14]
1850–2010 [15] 2010–2014 [1]

As of the census [16] of 2000, 15,802 people, 6,170 households, and 4,288 families resided in the county. The population density was 17 people per square mile (7/km²). The 7,112 housing units averaged 8 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 78.45% White, 4.68% Black or African American, 0.49% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 14.02% from other races, and 2.07% from two or more races. About 28.04% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 6,170 households, 32.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.00% were married couples living together, 12.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.50% were not families. Around 27.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the county, the population was distributed as 27.10% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 25.40% from 25 to 44, 22.60% from 45 to 64, and 16.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $26,209, and for a family was $32,004. Males had a median income of $28,674 versus $19,335 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,077. About 18.30% of families and 21.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.50% of those under age 18 and 18.50% of those age 65 or over.

Wind power

Nolan County has established itself as a center for wind power generation. As of July 2008, Nolan County generated more wind energy than the entire state of California, and would have ranked sixth in the world for wind power generation if it were counted as its own country. [17]

A branch of Texas State Technical College operates near Sweetwater offering the first community college program for wind energy in Texas beginning in 2007.

Wind energy investments in the county of about $3 billion US dollars since 1999 have resulted in about 1,330 direct wind-related jobs which were created in Nolan County alone (in 2009), with almost $18,000,000 in annual landowner royalties and over $12,000,000 in annual local school taxes (2007), [18] and about $1.7 million more in county property taxes. The majority of investments come from Epplament Energy, E.ON, Invenergy, Lestis Private Capital Group, NextEra and Lattner Energy.

Nolan county is a hub of the Public Utility Commission’s $5 Billion CREZ wind energy transmission line expansion project in Texas. [19]

Communities

Abandoned grain elevator in Wastella Wastella Texas grain elevator 2011.jpg
Abandoned grain elevator in Wastella

Cities

Unincorporated communities

Ghost towns

Politics

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results [21]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 73.1%3,55221.2% 1,0295.7% 276
2012 71.7%3,28226.6% 1,2161.7% 77
2008 68.8%3,48530.0% 1,5211.1% 57
2004 70.4%3,72229.1% 1,5410.5% 26
2000 62.8%3,33735.3% 1,8741.9% 101
1996 40.2% 2,16647.9%2,58211.9% 643
1992 33.5% 1,99341.8%2,49024.7% 1,469
1988 48.7% 2,73450.9%2,8530.4% 22
1984 58.8%3,60841.1% 2,5240.1% 4
1980 48.8% 2,78149.1%2,7962.1% 118
1976 43.8% 2,43155.8%3,0940.4% 20
1972 73.0%3,63426.9% 1,3380.1% 4
1968 33.2% 1,96946.9%2,78420.0% 1,185
1964 31.2% 1,61068.6%3,5400.2% 12
1960 42.7% 2,42157.2%3,2470.1% 7
1956 46.7% 2,23253.0%2,5350.3% 13
1952 48.1% 2,90751.7%3,1230.2% 13
1948 13.6% 55283.8%3,4082.7% 109
1944 8.6% 32282.0%3,0719.5% 354
1940 12.4% 47187.4%3,3140.2% 9
1936 8.4% 26891.2%2,9130.5% 15
1932 8.2% 21991.7%2,4530.1% 3
1928 58.8%1,47541.2% 1,035
1924 18.3% 33777.2%1,4214.5% 82
1920 15.2% 17580.0%9234.9% 56
1916 7.5% 9186.0%1,0486.6% 80
1912 7.3% 6080.2%65512.5% 102

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 15, 2011. Retrieved December 22, 2013.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. "Texas: Individual County Chronologies". Texas Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2008. Retrieved May 25, 2015.
  4. "Susan King". Texas Legislative Reference Library. Retrieved March 12, 2014.
  5. "Richard M. Chitwood". Texas Legislative Reference Library. Retrieved July 31, 2015.
  6. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  7. Cross Timbers https://tpwd.texas.gov/landwater/land/habitats/cross_timbers/regulatory/ accessed 11/8/2018
  8. Rolling Plains https://tpwd.texas.gov/landwater/land/habitats/cross_timbers/ecoregions/ accesses 11/8/2018
  9. Edwards Plateau https://tpwd.texas.gov/landwater/land/habitats/cross_timbers/ecoregions/edwards_plateau.phtml accessed 11/8/2018
  10. Elevation http://elevation.maplogs.com/poi/texas_usa.11015.html accessed 11/8/2018
  11. Cretaceous Period https://tpwd.texas.gov/landwater/land/habitats/cross_timbers/ecoregions/edwards_plateau.phtml accessed 11/8/22018
  12. Petroleum http://www.searchanddiscovery.com/abstracts/html/1987/sw/abstracts/0241.htm accessed 11/8/2018
  13. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  14. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  15. "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  16. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  17. Reed, Dan (11 July 2008). "Texas oilman T. Boone Pickens wants to supplant oil with wind". USA Today.
  18. Wind Economics In Nolan County https://www.scribd.com/doc/280240711/nolan-county-case-study-070908 accessed 11/19/2018
  19. Transmission Line Investment https://sweetwatertexas.net/windpower accessed 11/19/2018
  20. Ghost Town https://tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hvd13 accessed 11/19/2018
  21. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-07-28.

Coordinates: 32°19′N100°24′W / 32.31°N 100.40°W / 32.31; -100.40