Schleicher County, Texas

Last updated
Schleicher County, Texas
Schleicher County, TX, Courthouse IMG 1382.JPG
Schleicher County Courthouse in Eldorado
Map of Texas highlighting Schleicher County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of USA TX.svg
Texas's location within the U.S.
Founded1901
Named for Gustav Schleicher
Seat Eldorado
Largest cityEldorado
Area
  Total1,311 sq mi (3,395 km2)
  Land1,311 sq mi (3,395 km2)
  Water0.03 sq mi (0 km2), 0%
Population
  (2010)3,461
  Density2.6/sq mi (1.0/km2)
Congressional district 23rd
Time zone Central: UTC−6/−5
Website www.co.schleicher.tx.us
FLDS Temple at the YFZ Ranch in Schleicher County FLDS Eldorado hi.jpg
FLDS Temple at the YFZ Ranch in Schleicher County
Schleicher County Public Library in Eldorado Schleicher County Public Library, Eldorado, TX IMG 1387.JPG
Schleicher County Public Library in Eldorado

Schleicher County is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 3,461. [1] Its county seat is Eldorado. [2] The county was created in 1887 and organized in 1901. [3] It is named for Gustav Schleicher, a German immigrant who became a surveyor and politician. [4]

County (United States) Subdivision used by most states in the United States of America

In the United States, an administrative or political subdivision of a state is a county, which is a region having specific boundaries and usually some level of governmental authority. The term "county" is used in 48 U.S. states, while Louisiana and Alaska have functionally equivalent subdivisions called parishes and boroughs respectively.

Edwards Plateau

The Edwards Plateau is a region of west-central Texas which is bounded by the Balcones Fault to the south and east, the Llano Uplift and the Llano Estacado to the north, and the Pecos River and Chihuahuan Desert to the west. San Angelo, Austin, San Antonio and Del Rio roughly outline the area. The eastern portion of the plateau is known as the Texas Hill Country.

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders. Four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names.

Contents

Schleicher County was home to the YFZ Ranch, the past headquarters of the FLDS movement headed by Warren Jeffs.

YFZ Ranch Former Mormon community in Texas

The YFZ Ranch, or Yearning for Zion Ranch, was a 1,700-acre (7 km2) Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (FLDS) community of as many as 700 people, located near Eldorado in Schleicher County, Texas, United States. As of April 2014, the State of Texas took physical and legal possession of the property.

Warren Jeffs Leader of the Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints

Warren Steed Jeffs is the President of the Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints. In 2011 he was convicted of two felony counts of child sexual assault, for which he is currently serving a sentence of life plus 20 years.

History

Around 8000 BC, by estimation, the first inhabitants in the area were probably Jumano Indians. Later inhabitants were Lipan Apaches and Comanches. [5] In 1632, Fray Juan de Salas and Father Juan de Ortega did missionary work among the Jumanos. [6] Soldier Francisco Amangual led an expedition across the area in 1808. [7] In 1882, Christopher Colombus Doty became the first permanent citizen of Schleicher County. [8]

Lipan Apache are Southern Athabaskan (Apachean) Native Americans whose traditional territory included present-day Texas, New Mexico, Colorado and the northern Mexican states of Chihuahua, Nuevo León, Coahuila, and Tamaulipas prior to the 17th century.

Comanche Plains native North American tribe whose historic territory consisted of eastern New Mexico, southeastern Colorado, southwestern Kansas, western Oklahoma, and northwest Texas

The Comanche are a Native American nation from the Great Plains whose historic territory consisted of most of present-day northwestern Texas and adjacent areas in eastern New Mexico, southeastern Colorado, southwestern Kansas, western Oklahoma, and northern Chihuahua. The Comanche people are federally recognized as the Comanche Nation, headquartered in Lawton, Oklahoma.

Fray Juan de Salas was a Spanish Franciscan friar who provided religious instruction to the people of New Mexico and what is now Texas in the first half of the seventeenth century.

The Texas legislature established Schleicher County in April 1887 from Crockett County, and named it in honor of Gustav Schleicher. [5] By 1890, the population was 155, of whom 134 were listed as white, four were Black, and 17 were American Indian. [5]

Crockett County, Texas County in the United States

Crockett County is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 3,719. The county seat is Ozona. The county was founded in 1875 and later organized in 1891. It is named in honor of Davy Crockett, the legendary frontiersman who died at the Battle of the Alamo.

In 1894, the county’s first public school opened at Verand, and later moved to Eldorado. [5] The next year, W. B. Silliman founded the Eldorado community and named it after the mythical city. To populate it, he offered free town lots to residents of nearby Verand. [9] In 1930, the Panhandle and Santa Fe Railway Company resumed work on a previous railroad, making access possible to San Angelo and Sonora. [5] On February 27, 1941, the West Texas Woolen Mills plant in Eldorado held a grand opening, with a parade and BBQ lunch. About 5000 people attended. Governor "Pappy" W. Lee O'Daniel was the guest speaker. [10]

Panhandle and Santa Fe Railway

The Panhandle and Santa Fe Railway is a now-defunct railroad company that was a subsidiary of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway.

W. Lee ODaniel American politician

Wilbert Lee "Pappy" O'Daniel was an American Democratic Party politician from Texas, who came to prominence by hosting a popular radio program. Known for his populist appeal and support of Texas's business community, O'Daniel served as the 34th Governor of Texas (1939–1941) and later its junior United States Senator (1941–1949). Excluding the 1960 race for the Democratic presidential nomination in which Johnson contested none of the primaries, O'Daniel was the only person ever to have defeated Lyndon B. Johnson in an election. O'Daniel was also a songwriter who composed "Beautiful Texas".

Oilfield discoveries on school lands in the 1950s enabled Schleicher County to build new library and gymnasium facilities for its students. [5]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,311 square miles (3,400 km2). [11]

Major Highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1890 155
1900 515232.3%
1910 1,893267.6%
1920 1,851−2.2%
1930 3,16671.0%
1940 3,083−2.6%
1950 2,852−7.5%
1960 2,791−2.1%
1970 2,277−18.4%
1980 2,82023.8%
1990 2,9906.0%
2000 2,935−1.8%
2010 3,46117.9%
Est. 20163,056 [12] −11.7%
U.S. Decennial Census [13]
1850–2010 [14] 2010–2014 [1]

As of the census [15] of 2000, 2,935 people, 1,115 households, and 817 families resided in the county. The population density was about two people per square mile (1/km²). The 1,371 housing units averaged about one per square mile (<1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 76.59% White, 1.53% African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 18.98% from other races, and 2.62% from two or more races. About 43.54% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 1,115 households, 34.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.60% were married couples living together, 7.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.70% were not families; 25.40% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the county, the population was distributed as 27.90% under the age of 18, 7.30% from 18 to 24, 24.00% from 25 to 44, 24.40% from 45 to 64, and 16.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,746, and for a family was $37,813. Males had a median income of $28,412 versus $22,250 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,969. About 16.00% of families and 21.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.00% of those under age 18 and 19.90% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Unincorporated communities

Politics

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results [16]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 77.5%82119.6% 2082.8% 30
2012 77.4%78721.7% 2210.9% 9
2008 74.4%97024.9% 3240.8% 10
2004 76.2%1,01223.5% 3120.4% 5
2000 70.4%82628.8% 3380.8% 9
1996 48.7%58741.9% 5059.5% 114
1992 36.7%45234.1% 42029.2% 359
1988 56.4%65342.7% 4940.9% 10
1984 72.0%85427.5% 3260.6% 7
1980 59.4%67239.3% 4441.3% 15
1976 52.0%51647.1% 4680.9% 9
1972 71.5%63028.4% 2500.1% 1
1968 41.6%39639.7% 37818.7% 178
1964 43.0% 38856.9%5140.1% 1
1960 56.2%45543.4% 3510.4% 3
1956 58.1%47141.4% 3360.5% 4
1952 59.9%62840.1% 421
1948 16.6% 10776.7%4956.7% 43
1944 12.1% 8474.8%52013.1% 91
1940 16.3% 11783.7%601
1936 14.2% 7885.6%4690.2% 1
1932 12.8% 7687.2%516
1928 62.4%22737.6% 137
1924 32.3% 11867.4%2460.3% 1
1920 26.6% 8169.4%2114.0% 12
1916 5.7% 1092.1%1632.3% 4
1912 2.0% 383.8%12414.2% 21

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 24, 2013.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. "Texas: Individual County Chronologies". Texas Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2008. Retrieved May 26, 2015.
  4. Lyman Wight's Mormon Colony in Texas excerpt from "Mormon Trails" chapter in Hill Country travel guide by Richard Zelade. Accessed August 6, 2007.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Smyrl, Vivian Elizabeth. "Schleicher County". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 30 November 2010.
  6. Kessell, John L (1995). Kiva, Cross, & Crown: The Pecos Indians and New Mexico, 1540-1840. Southwest Parks & Monuments Association. p. 142. ISBN   978-1-877856-56-3.
  7. Kenner, Charles L (1994). The Comanchero Frontier: A History of New Mexican-Plains Indian Relations. University of Oklahoma Press. p. 57. ISBN   978-0-8061-2670-8.
  8. "Christopher Columbus Doty". Texas Historical Markers. William Nienke, Sam Morrow. Retrieved 30 November 2010.
  9. "Eldorado, Texas". Texas Escapes. Texas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved 30 November 2010.
  10. "West Texas Woolen Mills". Texas Historical Markers. William Nienke, Sam Morrow. Retrieved 30 November 2010.
  11. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved May 10, 2015.
  12. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  13. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 10, 2015.
  14. "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved May 10, 2015.
  15. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  16. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-07-30.

Coordinates: 30°54′N100°32′W / 30.90°N 100.54°W / 30.90; -100.54