Ark-La-Tex

Last updated
Ark-La-Tex
Downtown Shreveport LA.jpg
Downtown Shreveport, Louisiana in 2014
Tyler Texas Skyline 2012.jpg
Downtown Tyler, Texas skyline in 2012
Texarkana April 2016 052 (Broad Street).jpg
Broad Street Texarkana, Arkansas in 2016
CountryFlag of the United States.svg  United States
StateFlag of Arkansas.svg  Arkansas
Flag of Louisiana.svg  Louisiana
Flag of Oklahoma.svg  Oklahoma
Flag of Texas.svg  Texas
Principal cities
Population
(2010)
  Total1,043,570
Time zone UTC−6 (CST)
  Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Area code(s) 318, 430 and 903, 870, 580
Map of the Ark-La-Tex region US map-Arklatex.PNG
Map of the Ark-La-Tex region

The Ark-La-Tex region (a portmanteau of Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas; also stylized as Arklatex, ArkLaTex, or more inclusively Arklatexoma) is a U.S. socio-economic region where the 4 Southern states of Arkansas, Louisiana, Texas, and Oklahoma abut. The region contains portions of Northwest Louisiana, Northeast Texas, South Arkansas, and the Little Dixie area of Oklahoma. The largest city and center of the region is Shreveport, Louisiana. Other major cities in the Ark-La-Tex include Tyler, Texas, Longview, Texas, Marshall, Texas, and Texarkana.

United States Federal republic in North America

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country comprising 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico. The State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.

Tri-state area is an informal term in the eastern contiguous United States for any of several regions associated with a particular town or metropolis that, with adjacent suburbs, lies across three states. Some of these involve a state boundary tripoint. Other tri-state areas have a more diffuse population that shares a connected economy and geography—especially with respect to geology, botany, or climate—such as the tri-state area of New York, New Jersey, and Connecticut. The term "tri-state area" often occurs in movies and radio and television commercials.

Southern United States Cultural region of the United States

The southern United States, also known as the American South, Dixie, Dixieland, or simply the South, is a region of the United States of America. It is located between the Atlantic Ocean and the western United States, with the midwestern United States and northeastern United States to its north and the Gulf of Mexico and Mexico to its south.

Contents

Most of the Ark-La-Tex is located in the Piney Woods, an ecoregion of dense forests of mixed deciduous and conifer flora. The forests are periodically punctuated by sloughs and bayous that are linked to larger bodies of water such as Caddo Lake or the Red River. The Ark-La-Tex covers roughly 46,500 square miles (120,000 km2) with an estimated 2010 population of 1,043,570.[ citation needed ]

Piney Woods

The Piney Woods is a temperate coniferous forest terrestrial ecoregion in the Southern United States covering 54,400 square miles (141,000 km2) of East Texas, southern Arkansas, western Louisiana, and southeastern Oklahoma. These coniferous forests are dominated by several species of pine as well as hardwoods including hickory and oak. Historically the most dense part of this forest region was the Big Thicket though the lumber industry dramatically reduced the forest concentration in this area and throughout the Piney Woods during the 19th and 20th centuries. The World Wide Fund for Nature considers the Piney Woods to be one of the critically endangered ecoregions of the United States. The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) defines most of this ecoregion as the South Central Plains.

Ecoregion Ecologically and geographically defined area that is smaller than a bioregion

An ecoregion is an ecologically and geographically defined area that is smaller than a bioregion, which in turn is smaller than an ecozone. All three of these are either less or greater than an ecosystem. Ecoregions cover relatively large areas of land or water, and contain characteristic, geographically distinct assemblages of natural communities and species. The biodiversity of flora, fauna and ecosystems that characterise an ecoregion tends to be distinct from that of other ecoregions. In theory, biodiversity or conservation ecoregions are relatively large areas of land or water where the probability of encountering different species and communities at any given point remains relatively constant, within an acceptable range of variation.

Deciduous trees or shrubs that lose their leaves seasonally

In the fields of horticulture and botany, the term deciduous (/dɪˈsɪdʒuəs/) means "falling off at maturity" and "tending to fall off", in reference to trees and shrubs that seasonally shed leaves, usually in the autumn; to the shedding of petals, after flowering; and to the shedding of ripe fruit.

Origin of the term

According to one source, the name "Ark-La-Tex" was first promoted for the region by a Shreveport Chamber of Commerce campaign in 1932-33. [1]

Communities

Largest cities

List of cities over 2,500 people:

Louisiana

CityParishPopulation
Arcadia Bienville 2,919
Blanchard Caddo 2,899
Bossier City Bossier 62,745
Eastwood Bossier 4,093
Grambling Lincoln 4,949
Greenwood Caddo 3,219
Haughton Bossier 3,454
Homer Claiborne 3,237
Jonesboro Jackson 4,704
Mansfield DeSoto 5,001
Many Sabine 2,853
Minden Webster 13,082
Natchitoches Natchitoches 18,323
Red Chute Bossier 6,261
Ruston Lincoln 21,859
Shreveport Caddo, Bossier 200,975
Springhill Webster 5,279
Vivian Caddo 3,671
Winnfield Winn 4,840

Texas

CityCountyPopulation
Atlanta Cass 5,675
Athens Henderson 12,710
Bonham Fannin 10,127
Carthage Panola 6,779
Clarksville Red River 3,883
Crockett Houston 7,141
Daingerfield Morris 2,560
Gilmer Upshur 4,905
Gladewater Gregg, Upshur 6,228
Hallsville Harrison 3,775
Henderson Rusk 13,712
Hooks Bowie 2,769
Jacksonville Cherokee 14,544
Kilgore Gregg, Rusk 12,975
Longview Gregg, Harrison 80,455
Lufkin Angelina 35,067
Marshall Harrison 23,523
Mount Pleasant Titus 15,564
Mount Vernon Franklin 2,662
Nacogdoches Nacogdoches 32,996
New Boston Bowie 4,550
Paris Lamar 25,171
Pittsburg Camp 4,497
Sulphur Springs Hopkins 15,449
Texarkana Bowie 36,411
Tyler Smith 96,900
White Oak Gregg 6,469

Arkansas

CityCountyPopulation
Arkadelphia Clark 10,714
Ashdown Little River 4,723
Camden Ouachita 12,183
De Queen Sevier 6,629
El Dorado Union 18,491
Hope Hempstead 10,095
Magnolia Columbia 11,577
Mena Polk 5,737
Nashville Howard 4,627
Prescott Nevada 3,868
Texarkana Miller 29,919

Oklahoma

CityCountyPopulation
Broken Bow McCurtain 4,120
Hugo Choctaw 5,310
Idabel McCurtain 7,010

Culture

The culture of the Ark-La-Tex region, and especially its music, shows a mixture of influences from the related, but distinct, cultures of its surrounding states. The music of the area is marked by country and blues sounds typical of the music of the Southern United States, the Western music of Texas, and the well-documented music of New Orleans and Acadiana in Louisiana. [2] The area had a significant role in the development of country and rock and roll music beginning in the 1940s. On March 1, 1948, Shreveport radio station KWKH launched a country music variety show called the Ark-La-Tex Jubilee, followed a month later by the long-running and influential Louisiana Hayride program. [3] Hayride director Horace Logan and regular performer Webb Pierce started a music publishing company called Ark-La-Tex Music. [4] [5]

Music of Texas

The U.S. state of Texas has long been a center for musical innovation and is the birthplace of many notable musicians. Texans have pioneered developments in Tejano and Conjunto music, Rock 'n Roll, Western swing, jazz, punk rock, country, hip-hop, electronic music, gothic industrial music, religious music, mariachi, psychedelic rock, zydeco and the blues.

Music of New Orleans

The music of New Orleans assumes various styles of music which have often borrowed from earlier traditions. New Orleans, Louisiana, is especially known for its strong association with jazz music, universally considered to be the birthplace of the genre. The earliest form was dixieland, which has sometimes been called traditional jazz, 'New Orleans', and 'New Orleans jazz'. However, the tradition of jazz in New Orleans has taken on various forms that have either branched out from original dixieland or taken entirely different paths altogether. New Orleans has also been a prominent center of funk, home to some of the earliest funk bands such as The Meters.

Acadiana Region in Louisiana, United States

Acadiana, is the official name given to the French Louisiana region that was historically home to the state's Francophone population, the Acadians and Cajuns. Many are of Acadian descent and are now identified as Cajun. Of the 64 parishes that make up the U.S. state of Louisiana, 22 named parishes and other parishes of similar cultural environment make up this intrastate region.

Drummer Brian Blade, a Shreveport native, included a song entitled "Ark.La.Tex." on his 2014 album Landmarks, exploring the mixture of musical influences in his home region. [6]

Brian Blade American jazz musician

Brian Blade is an American jazz drummer, composer, session musician, and singer-songwriter.

Media

TV

KLTV ABC/Telemundo affiliate in Tyler, Texas

KLTV, virtual and VHF digital channel 7, is an ABC-affiliated television station licensed to Tyler, Texas, United States and also serving Longview. The station is owned by Gray Television. KLTV's studios are located on West Ferguson Street in downtown Tyler, and its transmitter is located in rural northern Smith County.

ABC Television is a service of the Australian Broadcasting Corporation launched in 1956. As a public service broadcaster, the ABC provides four non-commercial channels within Australia, and a partially advertising-funded satellite channel overseas. ABC is one of five main free-to-air networks in Australia.

KYTX CBS/CW television affiliate in Nacogdoches, Texas, United States

KYTX, virtual channel 19, is a CBS-affiliated television station serving Tyler and Longview, Texas, United States that is licensed to Nacogdoches. The station is owned by Tegna Inc. KYTX's studios are located near Loop 323 in the southeastern portion of Tyler, and its transmitter is located near State Highway 110 in rural east-central Cherokee County.

Radio

Notable people

Related Research Articles

Shreveport, Louisiana City in Louisiana, United States

Shreveport is a city in the U.S. state of Louisiana. It is the most populous city in the Shreveport-Bossier City metropolitan area. Shreveport ranks third in population in Louisiana after New Orleans and Baton Rouge and 126th in the U.S. The bulk of Shreveport is in Caddo Parish, of which it is the parish seat. Shreveport extends along the west bank of the Red River into neighboring Bossier Parish. The population of Shreveport was 199,311 as of the 2010 U.S. Census. The United States Census Bureau's 2017 estimate for the city's population decreased to 192,036.

<i>Louisiana Hayride</i>

Louisiana Hayride was a radio and later television country music show broadcast from the Shreveport Municipal Memorial Auditorium in Shreveport, Louisiana, that during its heyday from 1948 to 1960 helped to launch the careers of some of the greatest names in American country and western music. Elvis Presley performed on the radio version of the program in 1954 and made his first television appearance on the television version of Louisiana Hayride on March 3, 1955.

North Louisiana region of the state of Louisiana

North Louisiana is a region in the U.S. state of Louisiana. The region has two metropolitan areas: Shreveport-Bossier City and Monroe-West Monroe.

KTBS-TV ABC affiliate in Shreveport, Louisiana

KTBS-TV, virtual channel 3, is an ABC-affiliated television station licensed to Shreveport, Louisiana, United States and also serving Texarkana, Texas. The station is owned by locally based KTBS, LLC, as part of a duopoly with Minden-licensed CW affiliate KPXJ. The two stations share studios on East Kings Highway on the eastern side of Shreveport; KTBS-TV's transmitter is located near St. Johns Baptist Church Road in rural northern Caddo Parish. It is one of a handful of TV stations today to have locally based ownership.

KSLA CBS television affiliate in Shreveport, Louisiana, United States

KSLA, virtual channel 12, is a CBS-affiliated television station licensed to Shreveport, Louisiana, United States and also serving Texarkana, Texas. The station is owned by Gray Television. KSLA's studios are located on Fairfield Avenue and Dashiel Street in central Shreveport, and its transmitter is located near St. Johns Baptist Church Road in rural northern Caddo Parish.

KTAL-TV NBC affiliate in Texarkana, Texas

KTAL-TV, virtual channel 6, is an NBC-affiliated television station serving Shreveport, Louisiana, United States that is licensed to Texarkana, Texas. The station is owned by the Nexstar Media Group, which also operates two Shreveport-licensed stations—Marshall Broadcasting-owned Fox affiliate KMSS-TV and White Knight Broadcasting-owned MyNetworkTV affiliate KSHV-TV —under separate shared services agreements.

KTVE NBC television affiliate in El Dorado, Arkansas, United States

KTVE, virtual channel 10, is an NBC-affiliated television station licensed to El Dorado, Arkansas, United States, serving southern Arkansas and northern Louisiana. The station is owned by Mission Broadcasting; Nexstar Media Group, which owns West Monroe-licensed Fox affiliate KARD, operates KTVE under a local marketing agreement. The two stations share studios on Pavilion Road in West Monroe; KTVE's transmitter is located northwest of Huttig, Arkansas.

KMSS-TV Fox affiliate in Shreveport, Louisiana

KMSS-TV, virtual channel 33, is a Fox-affiliated television station licensed to Shreveport, Louisiana, United States and also serving Texarkana, Texas. Owned by Marshall Broadcasting, the station is operated under a shared services agreement by the Nexstar Media Group, which owns Texarkana-licensed NBC affiliate KTAL-TV ; Nexstar also operates Shreveport-licensed MyNetworkTV affiliate KSHV-TV under a separate shared services agreement with owner White Knight Broadcasting.

WEHCO Media, Inc., based in Little Rock, AR is a privately held media company with holdings that include newspapers, cable television systems, and internet service. Walter E. Hussman, Jr., is the president. Hussmann is the grandson of Clyde E. Palmer, whose media holdings formed the basis of WEHCO Media.

KWKH radio station in Shreveport, Louisiana founded in the 1920s

KWKH is a sports radio station serving Shreveport, Louisiana. The 50-kilowatt station broadcasts at 1130 kHz. Formerly owned by Clear Channel Communications and Gap Central Broadcasting, it is now owned by Townsquare Media. Its studios are shared with its other five sister stations in West Shreveport, and the transmitter is in Belcher, Louisiana.

KVMA-FM

KVMA-FM is an urban adult contemporary formatted radio station based in Shreveport, Louisiana, and serving the "Ark-La-Tex" region. Broadcasting on 102.9 FM, KVMA-FM is owned by Cumulus Media and is headquartered at the Louisiana Boardwalk shopping center in Bossier City, Louisiana.

KTAL-FM classic rock radio station in Texarkana, Texas, United States

KTAL-FM is a classic rock music radio station licensed to Texarkana, Texas with studios in Shreveport, Louisiana. It is owned by Alpha Media LLC, through licensee Alpha Media Licensee LLC. Its studios are located just north of downtown Shreveport, and the transmitter is in Vivian, Louisiana.

Clyde Eber Palmer was the owner of a chain of newspapers and radio stations and a television outlet covering southwestern Arkansas and part of northeastern Texas during the early to middle 20th century. He operated his media conglomerate from Texarkana, Texas.

Walter Edward Hussman Sr., was a mass media magnate from Camden, Arkansas, whose holdings included six daily newspapers in Arkansas, several radio and television stations, including the NBC outlet KTAL-TV in Texarkana, Texas, and seventeen cable systems in four states.

KCMC (AM) radio station in Texarkana, Texas, United States

KCMC is a radio station licensed to Texarkana, Texas, United States. It serves the Texarkana area. The station is currently owned by Texarkana Radio Center. Studios are located on Olive Street, just west of the border with Arkansas, and the transmitter is west of Texarkana city limits in the town of Nash.

KFRO is an American radio station licensed to Longview, Texas, United States. The station serves the Longview-Tyler-Kilgore-Marshall area. KFRO is owned by RCA Broadcasting, LLC, and is the sister station to KZEY Marshall, Texas.

Barney Cannon radio DJ

Floyd Keith Cannon, known as Barney Cannon, was an American radio personality. A DJ on radio station KWKH-AM in Shreveport, Louisiana he was considered an authority on country music. When asked to name his favorite country singer, Cannon told his listeners that he liked all of the performers. He often gave tough country music trivia quizzes for his listeners.

Frank Page (broadcaster) Radio broadcaster

Raymond Franklin Page, known as Frank Page, was a broadcaster from radio station KWKH in Shreveport, Louisiana, who on October 16, 1954 introduced Elvis Presley to the Louisiana Hayride Country music program. The Hayride was presented weekly from 1948 until 1960 at the Shreveport Municipal Auditorium; it was akin to Shreveport's temporary alternative to the permanent Grand Ole Opry of Nashville, Tennessee.

The Arkansas–Louisiana–Texas League was a Negro league baseball league that operated for one season in 1951. The league fielded 9 teams in Arkansas, Louisiana and Texas.

Horace Lee Logan, Jr., known as Hoss Logan, was the founder of the Louisiana Hayride in Shreveport, Louisiana, which showcased country music singing stars in the 1950s. He originated the catch-phrase "Elvis has left the building."

References

  1. Bonnye E. Stuart, Louisiana Curiosities: Quirky Characters, Roadside Oddities & Other Offbeat Stuff (Globe Pequot, 2012), ISBN   978-0762769773, pp. 5-7. Excerpts available at Google Books.
  2. See generally Kip Lornell and Tracey E. W. Laird, eds., Shreveport Sounds in Black and White (University Press of Mississippi, 2008), ISBN   978-1934110423, and in particular the introductory section entitled "The 'Ark-La-Tex' and Music Research" at pp. xii-xvii. Excerpts available at Google Books; other excerpts also available at Amazon.com here.
  3. Tracey E. W. Laird, Louisiana Hayride : Radio and Roots Music along the Red River: Radio and Roots Music along the Red River (Oxford University Press, 2004), ISBN   978-0195347180, p. 6. Excerpts available at Google Books.
  4. "Webb Pierce" in Michael Erlewine, ed., All Music Guide to Country: The Experts' Guide to the Best Recordings in Country Music ( Hal Leonard Corporation, 1997), ISBN   978-0879304751, p. 364. Excerpts available at Google Books.
  5. "KWKH Maps Big Build-Up on Hillbillies", Billboard , August 30, 1952, p. 19.
  6. "Brian Blade Finds A 'Landmark' In His Shreveport Roots", Weekend Edition , April 27, 2014.("... my depiction musically of this region where we live, you know, where Arkansas, Louisiana and Texas meet here at the northwestern corner of Louisiana. I guess in terms of the structure of the song - these sort of three different moods - it unfolds in this very small way - these seeds. Then all of a sudden, you cross a line and the landscape changes immediately.")