Beauregard Parish, Louisiana

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Beauregard Parish, Louisiana
Parish
Parish of Beauregard
BeauregardCourthouse.jpg
Beauregard Parish Courthouse in DeRidder
Map of Louisiana highlighting Beauregard Parish.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Louisiana
Map of USA LA.svg
Louisiana's location within the U.S.
FoundedJanuary 1, 1913
Named for P.G.T. Beauregard
Seat DeRidder
Largest cityDeRidder
Area
  Total1,166 sq mi (3,020 km2)
  Land1,157 sq mi (2,997 km2)
  Water8.5 sq mi (22 km2), 0.7%
Population (est.)
  (2015)36,462
  Density31/sq mi (12/km2)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Central: UTC−6/−5
Website www.beauparish.org

Beauregard Parish (French : Paroisse de Beauregard) is a parish located in the U.S. state of Louisiana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 35,654. [1] The parish seat is DeRidder. [2] The parish was formed on January 1, 1913. [3]

French language Romance language

French is a Romance language of the Indo-European family. It descended from the Vulgar Latin of the Roman Empire, as did all Romance languages. French evolved from Gallo-Romance, the spoken Latin in Gaul, and more specifically in Northern Gaul. Its closest relatives are the other langues d'oïl—languages historically spoken in northern France and in southern Belgium, which French (Francien) has largely supplanted. French was also influenced by native Celtic languages of Northern Roman Gaul like Gallia Belgica and by the (Germanic) Frankish language of the post-Roman Frankish invaders. Today, owing to France's past overseas expansion, there are numerous French-based creole languages, most notably Haitian Creole. A French-speaking person or nation may be referred to as Francophone in both English and French.

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders. Four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names.

Louisiana State of the United States of America

Louisiana is a state in the Deep South region of the South Central United States. It is the 31st most extensive and the 25th most populous of the 50 United States. Louisiana is bordered by the state of Texas to the west, Arkansas to the north, Mississippi to the east, and the Gulf of Mexico to the south. A large part of its eastern boundary is demarcated by the Mississippi River. Louisiana is the only U.S. state with political subdivisions termed parishes, which are equivalent to counties. The state's capital is Baton Rouge, and its largest city is New Orleans.

Contents

Beauregard Parish comprises the DeRidder, LA Micropolitan Statistical Area. The governing body is by the police jury system.

Police jury type of governing body in civil parishes of Louisiana

In the U.S. state of Louisiana, the typical governing body of the parish is called the Police Jury. Not every parish is governed by a Police Jury, but 40 of the 64 parishes use this system.

History

Spanish and French Rule

Until 1762, the land that would eventually become Beauregard Parish was a part of the Spanish holdings in Louisiana, as, at that time, the border between Spain and France was acknowledged as the Rio Hondo (now known as the Calcasieu river); however the land between the Rio Hondo and the Sabine river was in some dispute as the French were beginning to occupy land on the west side of the Rio Hondo. In 1762, the king of France secretly gave Louisiana to Spain in the Treaty of Fontainebleau. From 1762 to until 1800, the region was a part of New Spain. In 1800, the secret Third Treaty of San Ildefonso transferred possession of Louisiana back to the French, although Spain continued to administer the land. In this period, the only European settlers to the land that would become Beauregard Parish were a few individuals with Spanish land grants. [4]

France Republic with mainland in Europe and numerous oversea territories

France, officially the French Republic, is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country's 18 integral regions span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.3 million. France, a sovereign state, is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban areas include Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.

The Treaty of Fontainebleau was a secret agreement of 1762 in which France ceded Louisiana to Spain. The treaty followed the last battle in the French and Indian War in North America, the Battle of Signal Hill in September 1762, which confirmed British control of Canada. In Europe, the associated Seven Years' War continued to rage. Having lost Canada, King Louis XV of France proposed to King Charles III of Spain that France should give Spain "the country known as Louisiana, as well as New Orleans and the island in which the city is situated." Charles accepted on November 13, 1762.

Louisiana (New Spain) Administrative district of the Viceroyalty of New Spain

Louisiana was the name of an administrative district of the Viceroyalty of New Spain from 1763 to 1801 that consisted of territory west of the Mississippi River basin, plus New Orleans. Spain acquired the territory from France, which had named it La Louisiane in honor of King Louis XIV in 1682. It is sometimes known as Spanish Louisiana. The district was retroceded to France, under the terms of the Third Treaty of San Ildefonso (1800) and the Treaty of Aranjuez (1801). In 1802, King Charles IV of Spain published a royal bill on 14 October, effecting the transfer and outlining the conditions.

Neutral Ground

After the Louisiana Purchase by the United States in 1803, the region stretching from the Sabine River in the west to the Arroyo Hondo in the east was claimed by both Spain and the United States, leading to little law enforcement by either country. In order to avoid a war over the border, the two countries agreed that the land in contention would remain neutral and free of armed forces from either side. The area became known as the Neutral Ground or Sabine Free State. During this period, the armies in the areathose of the United States and Spain allowed the running of a ferry, enabling places such as Burr's Ferry in Vernon Parish, to prosper. The rest of the area was lawless, except for the occasional joint military venture to rid the area of "undesirables". However, even with the border dispute, several pioneers did settle the land during this period and were eventually given 3rd class homestead claims. [4] The Adams-Onís Treaty, signed in 1819 and ratified in 1821, recognized the U.S. claim, setting the final Louisiana western border at the Sabine River. [5]

Louisiana Purchase Acquisition by the United States of America of Frances claim to the territory of Louisiana

The Louisiana Purchase was the acquisition of the territory of Louisiana by the United States from France in 1803. In return for fifteen million dollars, the U.S. acquired a total of 828,000 sq mi. The treaty was negotiated by French Treasury Minister François Barbé-Marbois and American delegates James Monroe and Robert R. Livingston.

United States Federal republic in North America

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country comprising 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the most populous city is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico. The State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.

Sabine River (Texas–Louisiana) river in the United States of America

The Sabine River is a river, 510 miles (820 km) long, in the Southern U.S. states of Texas and Louisiana. In its lower course, it forms part of the boundary between the two states and empties into Sabine Lake, an estuary of the Gulf of Mexico. Over the first half of the 19th century, the river formed part of the Spanish–American, Mexican–American, and Texan–American international boundaries. The upper reaches of the river flow through the prairie country of northeast Texas. Along much of its lower reaches, it flows through the pine forests along the Texas–Louisiana border, and the bayou country near the Gulf Coast.

Parish origin

In 1804, the United States organized present-day Louisiana as the Territory of Orleans. In 1805 the territory was further divided into 12 counties. Opelousas County included the entire southwestern section of the state, and extending almost to the Mississippi River in the northeast. By 1807 the counties were reorganized into parishes. St. Landry was one of the original nineteen civil parishes established by the Louisiana Legislature. St. Landry was the largest parish in Louisiana, called the Imperial St. Landry Parish. For a short period after the fall of New Orleans during the Civil War, Opelousas was not just the county seat but was the state capitol (until it was permanently moved to Baton Rouge). Calcasieu Parish was created 24 March 1840 from the western portion of Saint Landry Parish. Calcasieu Parish has since been divided into five smaller parishes. The original area of Calcasieu Parish was called Imperial Calcasieu Parish.

Territory of Orleans territory of the USA between 1804-1812

The Territory of Orleans or Orleans Territory was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from October 1, 1804, until April 30, 1812, when it was admitted to the Union as the State of Louisiana.

Mississippi River largest river system in North America

The Mississippi River is the second-longest river and chief river of the second-largest drainage system on the North American continent, second only to the Hudson Bay drainage system. Its source is Lake Itasca in northern Minnesota and it flows generally south for 2,320 miles (3,730 km) to the Mississippi River Delta in the Gulf of Mexico. With its many tributaries, the Mississippi's watershed drains all or parts of 32 U.S. states and two Canadian provinces between the Rocky and Appalachian mountains. The main stem is entirely within the United States; the total drainage basin is 1,151,000 sq mi (2,980,000 km2), of which only about one percent is in Canada. The Mississippi ranks as the fourth-longest and fifteenth-largest river by discharge in the world. The river either borders or passes through the states of Minnesota, Wisconsin, Iowa, Illinois, Missouri, Kentucky, Tennessee, Arkansas, Mississippi, and Louisiana.

St. Landry Parish, Louisiana Parish in the United States

St. Landry Parish is a parish located in the U.S. state of Louisiana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 83,384. The parish seat is Opelousas. The parish was created in 1807.

The bill to create out of the northern area of Imperial Calasieu Parish Beauregard Parish was passed in 1912 and took effect at the beginning of 1913. [3] The Parish was named after P.G.T. Beauregard, a Confederate general. [6]

Parish organization

Although one faction wanted the town of Singer to be the parish seat, DeRidder was chosen by a majority of voters on 15 October 1912. (Today, the unincorporated community of Singer still exists and includes a post office, store, and school.) The parish was organized with a police jury as the governing body. Interim, county-wide police jury, judge and justice were appointed. However, on 3 December 1912, an election was held for the offices of sheriff, clerk of court, assessor, coroner, superintendent of public education, police juror, justice of the peace, constable, and members of the school board in each of the wards in the parish.

Native Americans

At least four tribes lived in Beauregard Parish around the time it was founded. One was about six miles south of Sugartown on Indian Branch, another was just north of the old W.B. Welborn home on Bundick Creek, another was along the mouth of Anacoco Creek and another at Merryville, across the street from where Merryville High School now stands. [7]

The 1941 military build-up

On November 28, 1941 a United Service Organizations was opened in DeRidder. (Of the more than 500 USO's opened during WW II, this was the first off-post USO to open in the U.S.) 89,000 soldiers visited the DeRidder USO; 15,000 took showers; and 27,000 viewed movies. The building was entered into the National Register of Historic Places on 25 February 1992. [8]

August through September 1941 saw the locally stationed military engaged in the Louisiana Maneuvers the largest military maneuver in United States history (with more than 500,000 soldiers training for war). [9] The rapid influx of so many military personnel created problems that stemmed, in part, from alcohol overconsumption. In response, residents of Beauregard Parish voted to become a dry parish.

Law enforcement

The parish level police agency is the Beauregard Parish Sheriff's Office. The current Sheriff (2010) is Ricky Moses.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the parish has a total area of 1,166 square miles (3,020 km2), of which 1,157 square miles (3,000 km2) is land and 8.5 square miles (22 km2) (0.7%) is water. [10]

Major highways

Adjacent counties and parishes

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1920 20,767
1930 14,569−29.8%
1940 14,8471.9%
1950 17,76619.7%
1960 19,1918.0%
1970 22,88819.3%
1980 29,69229.7%
1990 30,0831.3%
2000 32,9869.6%
2010 35,6548.1%
Est. 201636,927 [11] 3.6%
U.S. Decennial Census [12]
1790-1960 [13] 1900-1990 [14]
1990-2000 [15] 2010-2013 [1]

As of the census [16] of 2000, there were 32,986 people, 12,104 households, and 9,078 families residing in the parish. The population density was 28 people per square mile (11/km²). There were 14,501 housing units at an average density of 12 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the parish was 84.25% White, 12.92% Black or African American, 0.66% Native American, 0.60% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.30% from other races, and 1.23% from two or more races. 1.42% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 12,104 households, out of which 36.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.60% were married couples living together, 10.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.00% were non-families. 22.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the parish, 27.50% of the population are under the age of 18; 8.60% aged from 18 to 24; 28.70% aged from 25 to 44; 23.30% aged from 45 to 64; and 11.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.90 males.

The median income for a household in the parish was $32,582, and the median income for a family was $37,886. Males had a median income of $35,268 versus $19,639 for females. The per capita income for the parish was $15,514. About 13.00% of families and 15.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.50% of those under age 18 and 15.50% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Beauregard Parish School Board operates the parish public schools. [17]

National Guard

The A Company, 3-156th Infantry Battalion is based in De Ridder. This unit deployed to Iraq twice as part of the 256th IBCT, in 2004-5 and 2010.

Communities

Map of Beauregard Parish, Louisiana, with town labels Map of Beauregard Parish Louisiana With Municipal Labels.PNG
Map of Beauregard Parish, Louisiana, with town labels

City

Town

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

National Register of Historic Places

There are 12 places listed on the National Register of Historic Places including the Beauregard Parish Courthouse, the Beauregard Parish Jail, the Beauregard Parish Training School, the DeRidder Commercial Historic District and the Burks House. See National Register of Historic Places listings in Beauregard Parish, Louisiana.

Politics

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results [19]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 81.2%12,23815.9% 2,3933.0% 447
2012 78.1%11,11219.9% 2,8282.0% 285
2008 76.2%10,71821.8% 3,0712.0% 285
2004 71.3%9,47027.6% 3,6661.1% 145
2000 64.4%7,86232.4% 3,9583.2% 385
1996 44.2%5,52639.4% 4,92516.4% 2,048
1992 40.8%5,11940.1% 5,03719.1% 2,395
1988 57.3%6,46641.7% 4,7041.0% 114
1984 63.1%7,35336.1% 4,1990.8% 96
1980 47.5% 5,25050.2%5,5562.3% 253
1976 36.4% 3,19660.6%5,3223.1% 268
1972 69.4%4,95524.2% 1,7286.4% 456
1968 22.3% 1,61521.7% 1,56956.0%4,048
1964 52.3%3,34947.7% 3,049
1960 40.8% 2,43248.7%2,90310.6% 630
1956 52.7%2,71144.2% 2,2763.1% 159
1952 44.2% 78955.8%996
1948 12.9% 44947.6%1,65339.5% 1,371
1944 25.4% 75974.6%2,226
1940 16.5% 52883.5%2,677
1936 20.1% 54979.9%2,181
1932 5.9% 14694.1%2,319
1928 23.6% 46876.4%1,513
1924 16.5% 23583.5%1,1910.1% 1
1920 14.8% 20284.1%1,1461.0% 14
1916 5.7% 5994.1%9680.2% 2

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 "Beauregard Parish, Louisiana". quickfacts.census.gov. Retrieved November 24, 2012.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2012-07-12. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. 1 2 Gremillion, John Berton (2008). "Beauregard Parish". library.mcneese.edu. McNeese State University. Archived from the original on January 30, 2015. Retrieved September 3, 2014.
  4. 1 2 [Claims to Land Between the Rio Hondo and Sabine Rivers in Louisiana. Communicated to the Senate January 31, 1825]
  5. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-07-15. Retrieved 2009-06-28.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link) -Treaty
  6. "Beauregard Tourist Commission - Travel information, Historical Landmarks, Travel Planner". Beauregard Tourist Commission. Retrieved 2018-03-09.
  7. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-06-11. Retrieved 2010-07-08.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  8. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-05-09. Retrieved 2012-10-15.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  9. "Louisiana Maneuvers (1940-41) | HistoryNet". www.historynet.com. Retrieved 2018-03-09.
  10. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 28, 2013. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
  11. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  12. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
  13. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
  14. "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
  15. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
  16. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  17. "Find Schools in the USA and Canada". louisiana.schooltree.org. Retrieved 2018-03-09.
  18. Ragley isn't incorporated according to the State's official website for Beauregard Parish
  19. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-03-09.

Geology

Coordinates: 30°39′N93°20′W / 30.65°N 93.34°W / 30.65; -93.34