Bentonville, Arkansas

Last updated

Bentonville, Arkansas
Bentonville, AR collage.png
Benton City AR Flag.gif
Flag
Benton County Arkansas Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Bentonville Highlighted 0505320.svg
Location of Bentonville in Benton County, Arkansas.
Coordinates: 36°22′0″N94°12′48″W / 36.36667°N 94.21333°W / 36.36667; -94.21333 Coordinates: 36°22′0″N94°12′48″W / 36.36667°N 94.21333°W / 36.36667; -94.21333
Country United States
State Arkansas
County Benton
IncorporatedApril 3, 1873
Named for Originally Osage Indians
Thomas Hart Benton
Government
  MayorStephanie Orman [1]
Area
[2]
  Total33.39 sq mi (86.49 km2)
  Land33.22 sq mi (86.05 km2)
  Water0.17 sq mi (0.44 km2)
Elevation
1,296 ft (395 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total35,301
  Estimate 
(2018) [3]
51,111
  Density1,483.81/sq mi (572.90/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
72712, 72713, 72716
Area code(s) 479
FIPS code 05-05320
GNIS feature ID0076305
Website bentonvillear.com

Bentonville is the ninth-largest city in Arkansas, United States and the county seat of Benton County. [4] The city is centrally located in the county with Rogers adjacent to the east. The city is the birthplace and world headquarters of Walmart, the world's largest retailer. [5] It is one of the four main cities in the three-county Northwest Arkansas Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is ranked 109th in terms of population in the United States with 463,204 residents in 2010, according to the United States Census Bureau. The city itself had a population of 35,301 at the 2010 Census, [6] with an estimated population of 51,111 in 2018. [3]

Contents

History

Early history

Welcome to Bentonville board put up at many entrances of the city Bentonville Welcome.jpg
Welcome to Bentonville board put up at many entrances of the city

The area now known as Bentonville's first known use by humans was as hunting grounds by the Osage Nation who lived in Missouri. The Osage would leave their settlements to hunt in present-day Benton County for months at a time before returning to their families. White settlers first inhabited the area around 1837 and named their settlement "Osage". By this time, the Osage had ceased using the area for hunting, and the white settlers began to establish farms. Upon establishment of Benton County on September 30, 1836, Osage was deemed a suitable site for the county seat, and the town square was established as the home of county government the following year. Osage was renamed Bentonville in honor of Thomas Hart Benton, a senator from Missouri who strongly supported Arkansas statehood. [7]

Early statehood and Civil War

The Terry Block Building is the southwest corner of the Bentonville Town Square. Built in 1888, the building now houses the Walmart Museum, adjacent to the original Walton's Five and Dime. Terry Block Building.jpg
The Terry Block Building is the southwest corner of the Bentonville Town Square. Built in 1888, the building now houses the Walmart Museum, adjacent to the original Walton's Five and Dime.

Two years after Arkansas received statehood in 1836, thousands of Cherokee people from Georgia passed through Benton County as part of the Trail of Tears route to the Indian Territory in what is now Oklahoma. Although no Civil War battles were fought inside Bentonville, the city was occupied by both armies and saw almost all of its buildings burned, either by opposing armies or guerrilla outlaws. Bentonville was a staging point for the Confederate army prior to the Battle of Pea Ridge, fought about 12 miles (19 km) northeast of town, and the town saw a brief skirmish just prior to the battle. The city began to rebuild about a decade after incorporation on April 3, 1873, with many of these Reconstruction Era buildings today serving as the oldest structures in Bentonville.

After the war, the area established a vibrant apple industry, with Benton County becoming the leading apple producing county in the nation in 1901.

Twentieth Century

In the 1920s and 1930s the county developed a reputation as a leader in poultry production that continued into the World War II years, and which the area still maintains today. [8] The post war economy helped Bentonville grow, with many new businesses starting.

US Weather Bureau Bentonville building c. 1900 Wea01361 - Flickr - NOAA Photo Library.jpg
US Weather Bureau Bentonville building c. 1900

In 1950, Sam Walton bought the Harrison Variety Store on the Bentonville town square. He fully remodeled the building and opened "Walton’s 5 and 10 Variety Store" on March 18, 1951. This single store eventually led to the creation of Walmart, the world's largest retailer, which still strongly influences the community today. [9]

The late twentieth and early twenty-first century has seen a dramatic reduction in the manufacturing sector in Bentonville, corresponding with an increase in tourism and entertainment focused on the natural setting and outdoor opportunities of the area as well as the Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art, which opened in 2011. This has resulted in Bentonville being the fastest growing city in Arkansas, [10] and the larger Northwest Arkansas area one of the fastest growing in the United States. [11]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 31.5 square miles (81.6 km2), of which 31.3 square miles (81.0 km2) is land and 0.19 square miles (0.5 km2), or 0.67%, is water. [6]

Metropolitan area

The Northwest Arkansas region consists of three Arkansas counties: Benton, Madison, and Washington. The area had a population of 347,045 at the 2000 census which had increased to 463,204 by the 2010 Census (an increase of 33.47 percent). The Metropolitan Statistical Area does not consist of the usual principal-city-with-suburbs morphology; instead Bentonville is bordered to the east by Rogers, the north by Bella Vista, and the west by Centerton. The Northwest Arkansas Regional Airport is located to the southwest of Bentonville and is used to connect all of the northwest Arkansas region to the rest of the nation. For more than the last decade, Northwest Arkansas has been one of the fastest-growing regions in the United States. [11]

Climate

Bentonville lies in the humid subtropical climate zone (Köppen Cfa) with influence from the humid continental climate type. Bentonville experiences all four seasons and does receive cold air masses from the north, however some of the Arctic masses are blocked by the higher elevations of the Ozarks. July is the hottest month of the year, with an average high of 89 °F (32 °C) and an average low of 66 °F (19 °C). Temperatures above 100 °F (37.8 °C) are common, with recent temperatures during summer months staying above 100 degrees for several weeks at a time. January is the coldest month with an average high of 46 °F (8 °C) and an average low of 24 °F (−4 °C). The city's highest temperature was 114 °F (45.6 °C), recorded in 1954. The lowest temperature recorded was −16 °F (−26.7 °C), in 1996.

Climate data for Bentonville, Arkansas (1981–2010 normals)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)76
(24)
86
(30)
89
(32)
96
(36)
93
(34)
103
(39)
114
(46)
107
(42)
106
(41)
95
(35)
85
(29)
78
(26)
114
(46)
Average high °F (°C)46
(8)
51
(11)
59
(15)
69
(21)
76
(24)
84
(29)
89
(32)
89
(32)
82
(28)
71
(22)
59
(15)
48
(9)
69
(21)
Average low °F (°C)24
(−4)
27
(−3)
35
(2)
44
(7)
54
(12)
62
(17)
66
(19)
65
(18)
57
(14)
45
(7)
36
(2)
26
(−3)
45
(7)
Record low °F (°C)−15
(−26)
−16
(−27)
−12
(−24)
16
(−9)
24
(−4)
40
(4)
45
(7)
44
(7)
30
(−1)
18
(−8)
5
(−15)
−15
(−26)
−16
(−27)
Average precipitation inches (mm)2.61
(66)
2.77
(70)
4.30
(109)
4.27
(108)
5.72
(145)
4.79
(122)
3.33
(85)
3.35
(85)
4.71
(120)
3.59
(91)
4.36
(111)
3.41
(87)
47.21
(1,199)
Average snowfall inches (cm)2.8
(7.1)
2.2
(5.6)
2.3
(5.8)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.1
(0.25)
1.8
(4.6)
9.20
(23.4)
Source: The Weather Channel [12]

NOAA [13]

Demographics

Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art--2012-04-12.jpg
Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art
Historical population
CensusPop.
1880 696
1890 1,677140.9%
1900 1,8439.9%
1910 1,9566.1%
1920 2,31318.3%
1930 2,203−4.8%
1940 2,3597.1%
1950 2,94224.7%
1960 3,64924.0%
1970 5,50850.9%
1980 8,75659.0%
1990 11,25728.6%
2000 19,73075.3%
2010 35,30178.9%
Est. 201851,111 [3] 44.8%
U.S. Decennial Census [14]

As of 2017 Bentonville had a population of 49,298. The racial and ethnic composition of the population was 77.0% non-Hispanic white, 2.4% non-Hispanic black, 1.2% Native American, 5.8% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 3.9% from some other race and 2.5% from two or more races. 8.7% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race. [15]

As of the census [16] of 2000, there were 19,730 people, 7,458 households, and 5,265 families residing in the city. The city grew substantially in the 1990s; the 1990 population was 11,257 and the city is expected to reach 50,000 people by the year 2030. According to the US Census, Bentonville and surrounding communities in Benton County is second in growth for Arkansas and among the 100 fastest-growing counties in the United States. [17]

The population density was 928.9 people per square mile (358.7/km²). There were 7,924 housing units at an average density of 373.1 per square mile (144.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 90.92% White, 0.88% Black or African American, 1.33% Native American, 2.40% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 2.68% from other races, and 1.76% from two or more races. 6.07% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

The 2005 Special Census reported 24,837 Whites/non-Hispanic whites (86.8%), 2,428 Hispanics of any race (8.5%), 1,135 Asians (4.0%), and 510 Blacks/African Americans 1.8%. Bentonville is home to a significant large Hispanic immigrant community, consisting of Mexicans and nationalities from Central America such as El Salvador and Honduras, came to find blue-collar jobs in the area's booming economy during the 1990s and 2000s.

There were 7,458 households out of which 40.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.6% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.4% are classified as non-families by the United States Census Bureau. 24.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the city, the population was spread out with 29.5% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 34.2% from 25 to 44, 17.9% from 45 to 64, and 8.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $39,936, and the median income for a family was $46,558. Males had a median income of $31,816 versus $23,761 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,831. 10.3% of the population and 7.5% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 13.7% are under the age of 18 and 10.9% are 65 or older.

Economy

Bentonville's Top EmployersBentonville-Bella Vista Chamber of Commerce [18]
RankEmployer
1   Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.
2  Northwest Health System
3  Mercy of Northwest Arkansas
4   Bentonville School District
5   Benton County, Arkansas
6  City of Bentonville
7   Northwest Arkansas Community College
8   Arvest Bank Group, Inc
9  Outdoor Cap Company
10  Community Publishers

Region

The Northwest Arkansas economy was historically based upon agriculture and poultry. In recent decades,[ when? ] NWA has seen rapid growth and diversification of its economy based upon the three Fortune 500 companies based there, Walmart, Tyson Foods, and J.B. Hunt, while also seeing a growing University of Arkansas and cultural amenities sector. Although impacted by the Great Recession, NWA's economy fared better than most peer metropolitan areas, the state of Arkansas and the United States overall. Between 2007 and 2013, the region saw unemployment rates significantly below those of peer regions and the national average; while also seeing a 1% net growth of jobs. The NWA gross domestic product grew 7.0% over the aforementioned time period, and bankruptcies, building permits and per capita incomes are returning to pre-Recession rates. [19]

The professional, education and health care sectors of the Northwest Arkansas economy have been growing steadily since 2007. Between 2007 and 2013, the region has seen a growth of 8,300 jobs in the region, with 6,100 added in education and health professions and 4,300 jobs added in the leisure and hospitality jobs related to the region's cultural amenities. [19] The government and transportation sectors have remained relatively constant between 2007 and 2013, however the manufacturing sector has seen steady decline, mirroring national averages. The construction and real estate sectors saw large declines attributable to the poor housing market during the economic downturn.

City

Bentonville has been home to Walmart since Sam Walton purchased a store on the town square in 1950 and renamed it Walton's 5 & 10. The retailer continued a rapid growth, but Helen Walton wished to remain in Bentonville to raise the family, and thus by the time Walmart became the #1 Fortune 500 in 2002, it was still based in Bentonville. The Walmart "Home Office" now includes more than 20 buildings throughout Bentonville, specifically along Walton Boulevard (US 71B) in the western part of the city. In 2017 Walmart announced their intention to construct a new central headquarters in Bentonville, consolidating many of their employees to a more centralized campus. [20]

The impact from the Walmart Home Office is multiplied by the over 1100 prospective Walmart vendors who have established sales offices in the region. [21] The large number of satellite offices for companies of almost every industry means a large number of transplants from around the United States can be found in Bentonville. [22] This phenomenon impacts the culture of Bentonville in addition to the city's economy.

Bentonville is home to a growing entrepreneurial scene, with co-working spaces and startup incubators being added quickly over the last 5 years. [23] Bentonville was ranked as one of the best cities for entrepreneurs in America in 2017 by Livability. [24]

Culture, contemporary life, and points of interest

Bentonville's culture is a combination of a southern city, small town, global business hub, and the surrounding Northwest Arkansas metro.

Bentonville shares many of the characteristics commonly given to Arkansas as a Southern state, yet it has also absorbed minor cultural influence from the Midwest and West. Located firmly in the Mid-South, Bentonville's culture is distinct and differs from the Delta portion of the state. Many of the city's first settlers came from North Georgia, North Alabama, Kentucky, North Carolina and Tennessee, because they found the Ozarks familiar to the Appalachian Mountains back home. [25] The uplands of Arkansas, including Northwest Arkansas, did not participate in large-scale plantation farming with slaves like the Arkansas delta, instead electing to settle in small clusters, relying largely on subsistence agriculture and hunting rather than the settlement patterns common in the Midwest and Deep South. The "hillbilly" stereotype given to the Ozarks and Appalachians is largely a derivative of the difficult topography, tendency to settle in clusters, and mostly cashless self-sustaining economy found in those regions. Bentonville's large proportion of Southern Baptist and Methodist adherents does however reflect a trend often associated with the Deep South. [26]

Due to Walmart's prominence in the city, Bentonville is also an international focal point for retail suppliers and other supporting businesses. According to the Bentonville-Bella Vista Chamber of Commerce, over 1,250 suppliers have offices in Northwest Arkansas in an attempt to secure or retain Walmart's business. [27] Symbolic of Bentonville's complex culture was a cricket game played between PepsiCo and Walmart, spectated by their respective chief executives Indra Nooyi and Doug McMillon, chronicled in a Wall Street Journal article describing the complex Bentonville culture. [28] The game was played on a baseball field in Bentonville not well suited for typical cricket, so the players adapted new rules. The city has a league with 18 teams and a host of fans, mostly derived from the thousands of Indian natives drawn to Bentonville by Walmart software and IT jobs. In late 2018 plans for a public cricket pitch were approved for a new park in the southwest of the city. [29]

From the Walmart Museum on the downtown square to the over 20 buildings spread throughout the city, Walmart's Home Office has a presence throughout Bentonville. The Northwest Arkansas Regional Airport has direct commercial flights from many large destination cities not typical of airports its size due to the supplier community. [30] Bentonville, and the recently opened Bentonville West (located in Centerton) High Schools, have programs to assist the sizable transient student population, including international students, for those who have recently relocated to the area.

Arts and culture

Sam Walton's original Walton's Five and Dime, now the Walmart Visitor's Center on Bentonville town square 09-02-06-OriginalWaltons.jpg
Sam Walton's original Walton's Five and Dime, now the Walmart Visitor's Center on Bentonville town square

Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art is a $450,000,000 museum of American Art designed by architect Moshe Safdie located within walking distance of downtown Bentonville. [31] The museum was founded by Alice Walton in 2011 and contains many masterpieces from all eras of American art, including many works from Walton's private collection. [32]

Other points of interest include:

Beginning in 2015, the Bentonville Film Festival has been held annually the first week of May in Downtown Bentonville. Over 85,000 attendees take part in this week-long event. [34]

In 2009, Bentonville ranked No. 13 on Newsmax magazine's list of the "Top 25 Most Uniquely American Cities and Towns," a piece written by current CBS News travel editor Peter Greenberg. In determining his ranking, Greenberg cited the then-upcoming Crystal Bridges Museum, as well as sites such as Compton Gardens and the Civil War-era Peel Mansion Museum & Heritage Gardens. [35]

In 2012 Southern Living Magazine reference Bentonville as the south's "Next Cultural Mecca" given the growth of Crystal Bridges and the surrounding arts and culinary communities. [36]

Historic districts and properties

Peel Mansion, built in 1875, is now furnished with period pieces and offers tours and rentals for private events, such as weddings. COL. SAMUEL W. PEEL HOUSE, BENTONVILLE, BENTON COUNTY, AR.jpg
Peel Mansion, built in 1875, is now furnished with period pieces and offers tours and rentals for private events, such as weddings.

Bentonville contains over 30 listings on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP), the official federal list of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects deemed worthy of preservation.

The city contains two residential historic districts, the Third Street Historic District and West Central Avenue Historic District. Both districts contain historic residences notable for their architectural styles and contributions to the city's early history. Together, over 40 houses are listed as contributing properties. Preeminent individual residential listings within the historic districts include the Craig-Bryan House, Elliott House, James A. Rice House and the Rice House on "A" Street. Residential listing elsewhere in the city include the Peel Mansion Museum, Stroud House and Col. Young House.

Also included in the NRHP are historic public structures, such as the Benton County Courthouse, Benton County Jail, Bentonville High School, commercial structures such as the Benton County National Bank, Massey Hotel, Roy's Office Supply Building, and the Terry Block Building, and two cemeteries.

Parks and trail system

The Bentonville Parks and Recreation Department maintains twenty-two parks and over 50 miles (80 km) of trails.

Crystal Bridges Trail crosses through Compton Gardens between downtown and the museum Crystal Bridges Trail.jpg
Crystal Bridges Trail crosses through Compton Gardens between downtown and the museum

Over 300 acres (120 ha) of city parks throughout the city offer educational, recreational and outdoors opportunities to park visitors. The largest park surrounds Lake Bella Vista and includes a popular perimeter fitness trail and disc golf course. [37] Memorial park features the Melvin Ford Aquatic Center as well as baseball, basketball, tennis, volleyball, skateboard, softball and soccer facilities. [38] The four baseball fields at Merchants Baseball Park have hosted the Bentonville Youth Baseball League since its inception in 1954. [39] Park Springs Park was created in the 1890s following the discovery of two springs with purported healing powers. The Burns Arboretum/Nature Trail was added in 1996 and includes a State Champion tree. [40]

Trails in Bentonville vary from small fitness trails to long mountain bike trails to the regional Razorback Greenway depending upon topography, intended use and city planning. The Northwest Arkansas Razorback Regional Greenway, a 36-mile (58 km) primarily off-road mixed use trail connecting the Northwest Arkansas region, runs through Bentonville near Bentonville High School, the Walmart Home Office, and Crystal Bridges on its way to Lake Bella Vista to the north. The Crystal Bridges Trail is a 1 mile (1.6 km) trail between downtown Bentonville and the museum, built by the museum and donated to the city. Public art and sculptures line the trail, which passes through Compton Gardens on its way to the museum's southeast entrance. After passing by an overlook where trail users can view the museum from a bluff, the Crystal Bridges Trail connects to the museum's 3-mile (4.8 km) trail system. [41] The city also has several trails connecting main streets, parks and neighborhoods throughout the city.

Bentonville is well regarded as a mountain biking destination providing more than 28 miles of award-winning mountain bike trails [42] , earning a Silver Ride Center designation from the International Mountain Bicycling Association [43] and hosting multiple cycling events throughout the year. [44]

Outside Magazine listed Bentonville as one of its best towns of 2017, especially noting the city's bicycle trails and art scene. [45] Bentonville has been recognized as a Bicycle Friendly Community by the League of American Bicyclists since 2012. [46]

Government and politics

Bentonville City Hall at 117 W. Central Bentonville City Hall.jpg
Bentonville City Hall at 117 W. Central

Mayor–city council

Bentonville operates within the mayor-city council form of government. The mayor is elected by a citywide election to serve as the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of the city by presiding over all city council meetings, laws are enforced and taxpayer funds are spent prudently. Once elected, the mayor also allocates duties to city employees. Mayors serve four-year terms and can serve unlimited terms. [47]

The city council is the unicameral legislative body of the city, consisting of eight members. The council's duties include balancing the city's budget and passing ordinances. The body also controls the representatives of specialized city commissions underneath their jurisdiction. Members are elected at-large with no term limits and represent individual wards. Council members must live in the ward they represent. [48]

Citizen boards, commissions, and committees

Citizen input is welcomed through the use of various specialized groups. Although some positions are appointed by the mayor, many consist of volunteers. Requirements include the applicant is a resident of Bentonville and submission of an application in order to gain access to any of Bentonville's 8 city boards. These range from appointed positions at the Planning Commission to the Bentonville Public Art Advisory Committee to the Bentonville Library Advisory Board. [49]

Judicial system

The Bentonville District Court handles criminal, civil, small claims, and traffic matters within the city limits. In addition, the Court handles Civil and Small Claims cases when there is proper jurisdiction. The current elected District Judge presides over all cases. Ray Bunch is the current Bentonville District Court Judge. The 19th Judicial Circuit Court covers Benton County as a whole and operates out of the Benton County Courthouse in Downtown Bentonville with Bentonville serving as the County Seat.

Politics

The current mayor is Stephanie Orman, first elected in 2018. Prior to becoming mayor, Orman served as a member of the City Council as well as serving in and leading several non-profit organizations. [50]

The current state representatives that serve districts containing portions of Bentonville are Rep. Jim Dotson, Rep. Rebecca Petty, Rep Kim Hendren, and Rep. Dan Douglas. The current state senator that serves the district containing Bentonville is Sen. Bart Hester.

Education

Bentonville HS campus BHS Overall view.jpg
Bentonville HS campus

Public elementary and secondary education is provided by Bentonville Public Schools leading to graduation at Bentonville High School or Bentonville West High School. Bentonville Adventist School, associated with the Seventh-day Adventist Church, provides education services for kindergarten through eighth grade.

Haas Hall Academy and Northwest Arkansas Classical Academy are the two public charter schools. The Thaden School opened in 2017 and is the first independent high school in the city. [51]

Bentonville is home to the Northwest Arkansas Community College (NWACC), a public two-year college that provides students undergraduate, vocational, career and technical education courses.

The Bentonville Public Library System consists of one central library, located at 405 S. Main Street, which provides residents with access to print books, publications and multimedia content, as well as a satellite location at the Bentonville Community Center in the southwestern section of the city.


Infrastructure

Transportation

Major highways

The major through route in Bentonville is Interstate 49/US 71. This fully controlled access, four-lane expressway is a discontinuous piece of a route ultimately planned to connect Kansas City, Missouri to New Orleans, Louisiana. Formerly designated as Interstate 540 with the re-designation as Interstate 49 being granted by the U S Department of Transportation Federal Highway Administration on March 28, 2014, [52] the highway became the first freeway in the area when it was completed in the 1990s to relieve the former US 71 (now US 71B) of a much-increased demand of through travelers following the unanticipated and rapid growth of the Northwest Arkansas metro. Future plans for the I-49 corridor include completion of a freeway segment through between Fort Smith and Texarkana and completion of a Bella Vista Bypass to the north.

Public transit

Bentonville has one major provider of public transportation, Ozark Regional Transit, which operates in Benton/Washington Counties and is a broad bus-based fixed-route regional transit system.

Aviation

The Bentonville Municipal Airport and Louise M. Thaden Field is owned by the city and serves general aviation. The nearest airport for commercial flights is Northwest Arkansas Regional Airport (XNA), located approximately 12 miles southwest of the city center, which opened in 1998.

Utilities

Water

The City of Bentonville owns and operates a municipal water system that provides services to industrial, commercial and residential customers. Drinking water is purchased and pumped from the Beaver Water District treatment plant in Lowell. [53] The city uses approximately 10 million US gallons (38 ML) of water per day on average. [54]

Notable people

Related Research Articles

Benton County, Arkansas U.S. county in Arkansas

Benton County is a county located in the northwestern corner of the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 221,339, making it the second-most populous county in Arkansas. The county seat is Bentonville. The county was formed on September 30, 1836 and was named after Thomas Hart Benton, a U.S. Senator from Missouri. In 2012, Benton County voters elected to make the county wet, or a non-alcohol prohibition location. Benton County is part of the Northwest Arkansas region.

Bella Vista, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Bella Vista is a city in Benton County, Arkansas, United States. First established in 1917 as a summer resort destination, Bella Vista has evolved and redesigned itself over the succeeding years. Bella Vista became a retirement community in 1965, and, after much contention and a 2006 vote of its property owners, became an incorporated city. Following its official incorporation on January 1, 2007, the new city government took over the police department, fire department, streets, trash removal and other city functions, while the Property Owners Association (POA) retained control of the many amenities available to homeowners and their guests. Amenities include numerous parks, clubhouses with workout areas, swimming pools, six 18 hole golf courses, one nine-hole golf course, seven lakes with fishing and boat docks, a marina, swimming beach, putt putt golf courses and tennis courts, dog park, softball field, and extensive hiking and biking trails.

Centerton, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Centerton is a city in Benton County, Arkansas, United States. Located west of Bentonville on Highway 102, Centerton has grown from a railroad stop and fruit orchard community in the early 20th century into a suburban bedroom community within the rapidly growing Northwest Arkansas (NWA) region. The city's population has grown from 491 in 1990 to 15, 570 in 2018.

Gravette, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Gravette is a city in Benton County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 2,325 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Fayetteville–Springdale–Rogers, AR-MO Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Highfill, Arkansas Town in Arkansas, United States

Highfill is a town in Benton County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 583 at the 2010 census. It is home to the Northwest Arkansas Regional Airport, which serves all of Northwest Arkansas, including the Bentonville–Fayetteville–Siloam Springs–Springdale–Rogers–Bella Vista, AR-MO-OK Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Rogers, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Rogers is a city in Benton County, Arkansas. Located in the Ozarks, it is part of the Northwest Arkansas Metropolitan Area, one of the fastest growing metro areas in the country. Rogers was the location of the first Walmart store, whose corporate headquarters is located in neighboring Bentonville. Daisy Outdoor Products, known for its air rifles, has both its headquarters and its Airgun Museum in Rogers.

Springdale, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Springdale is the fourth-largest city in Arkansas, United States. It is located in both Washington and Benton counties in Northwest Arkansas. Located on the Springfield Plateau deep in the Ozark Mountains, Springdale has long been an important industrial city for the region. In addition to several trucking companies, the city is home to the world headquarters of Tyson Foods, the world's largest meat producing company. Originally named Shiloh, the city changed its name to Springdale when applying for a post office in 1872. The four-county Northwest Arkansas Metropolitan Statistical Area is ranked 109th in terms of population in the United States with 463,204 in 2010 according to the United States Census Bureau. The city had a population of 69,797 at the 2010 Census.

Fayetteville, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Fayetteville is the third-largest city in Arkansas and county seat of Washington County. The city is centrally located within the county and has been home of the University of Arkansas since the institution's founding in 1871. Fayetteville is on the outskirts of the Boston Mountains, deep within the Ozarks. Known as Washington until 1829, the city was named after Fayetteville, Tennessee, from which many of the settlers had come. It was incorporated on November 3, 1836 and was rechartered in 1867. The four-county Northwest Arkansas Metropolitan Statistical Area is ranked 105th in terms of population in the United States with 463,204 in 2010 according to the United States Census Bureau. The city had a population of 73,580 at the 2010 Census.

Johnson, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Johnson is a city in Washington County, Arkansas, United States. The community is located on the Springfield Plateau deep in the Ozark Mountains and is surrounded by valleys and natural springs. Early settlers took advantage of these natural features and formed an economy based on mining lime, the Johnson Mill and trout. Although a post office was opened in the community in 1887, Johnson did not incorporate until it required the development of a city government to provide utility services in 1961. Located between Fayetteville and Springdale in the heart of the rapidly growing Northwest Arkansas metropolitan statistical area, Johnson has been experiencing a population and building boom in recent years, as indicated by a 46% growth in population between the 2000 and 2010 censuses.

Alice Walton American heiress to the fortune of Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.

Alice Louise Walton is an American heir to the fortune of Walmart Inc. She is the daughter of Walmart founder Sam Walton and Helen Walton, and sister of S. Robson Walton, Jim Walton and the late John T. Walton.

Jim Walton American businessman

James Carr Walton is an heir to the fortune of Walmart, the world's largest retailer. As of November 2019, Walton was the 15th-richest person in the world, with a net worth of $53.1 billion. He is the youngest son of Sam Walton.

Jane, Missouri Village in Missouri, United States

Jane is a village in McDonald County, Missouri, United States. It is located on Route 90 at its intersection with U.S. Route 71. The original settlement is approximately one mile east on an older alignment of US 71. It had been an unincorporated community for many years, and previously had the ZIP code of 64846, though rural delivery is currently managed from the post office in Anderson. Jane now shares the ZIP code of 64856 with Pineville, the county seat, and the post office which had previously been charged with rural mail delivery prior to its scaling back of operations.

Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art art museum in Bentonville, Arkansas

Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art is a museum of American art in Bentonville, Arkansas. The museum, founded by Alice Walton and designed by Moshe Safdie, officially opened on 11 November 2011. It offers free public admission.

Bentonville Municipal Airport airport in Arkansas

Bentonville Municipal Airport is a city-owned, public-use airport located two nautical miles (3.7 km) south of the central business district of Bentonville, a city in Benton County, Arkansas, United States. It is also known as Louise M. Thaden Field or Louise Thaden Field, a name it was given in 1951 to honor Louise McPhetridge Thaden (1905–1979), an aviation pioneer from Bentonville.

Downtown Bentonville District

Downtown Bentonville is the historic business district of Bentonville, Arkansas. The region is the location of Walmart Home Office; city and county government facilities; and most of Bentonville's tourist attractions for the city and contains many historically and architecturally significant properties. Downtown measures approximately 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2) and is defined as the region between Tiger Boulevard to the north, Highway 102 (AR 102) to the south, Walton Boulevard to the west and J Street to the east. Similar to other central business districts in the US, Downtown has recently undergone a transformation that included the construction of new condos and lofts, renovation of historic buildings, and arrival of new residents and businesses. Upon opening of Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art the increased tourist traffic related to the museum has made Downtown Bentonville one of the state's most popular tourism destinations.

Northwest Arkansas Place in Arkansas, United States

Northwest Arkansas includes Fayetteville, Springdale, Rogers, and Bentonville, the third, fourth, eighth and tenth largest cities in Arkansas. These cities are located within Benton and Washington counties; NWA also includes Madison County, Arkansas.

Massey Hotel United States historic place

The Hotel Massey is a former hotel in the Downtown district of Bentonville, Arkansas, built in 1910 in the Renaissance Revival architectural style. The historic property replaced the Eagle Hotel, which had been on the site since 1840. Many businesses have occupied the hotel's first floor, and the structure has contained the Bentonville Public Library twice. Coupled with Massey Hotel's community heritage, the building's architectural style is uncommon in Arkansas, and even more rare in the Ozarks. With this duality of significance, the property was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1978.

Razorback Regional Greenway

The Northwest Arkansas Razorback Regional Greenway is a 37.6 miles (60.5 km) primarily off-road shared-use trail in Northwest Arkansas. Dedicated on May 2, 2015, the Greenway connects Walker Park in Fayetteville, Arkansas to north of Lake Bella Vista in Bella Vista, Arkansas, while also serving schools, businesses and other cultural amenities along the route.

Steuart Walton is an American attorney, businessman, and philanthropist. Born into the billionaire Walton family, he is a director of Walmart, the world's largest company by revenue, co-founder of private equity firm RZC Investments, which bought British cycling brand Rapha in 2017, and founder of Game Composites, a composite aircraft manufacturer.

The Scott Family Amazeum is a non-profit, interactive children's museum located in Bentonville, Arkansas, USA. The museum opened in 2015 following over 10 years of community support and fundraising for the project.

References

  1. "Mayor's Office website". Archived from the original on January 3, 2019. Retrieved January 3, 2019.
  2. "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on August 22, 2018. Retrieved August 22, 2018.
  3. 1 2 3 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Archived from the original on May 29, 2017. Retrieved July 23, 2019.
  4. "United States Census Data". www.census.gov. US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved May 25, 2017.
  5. Schaefer, Steve (May 22, 2012). "With Wal-Mart At 10-Year Highs, Some Shareholders Want Directors Shown The Door". Forbes. Archived from the original on May 27, 2012. Retrieved May 31, 2012.
  6. 1 2 "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Bentonville city, Arkansas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved September 20, 2013.
  7. "Benton County Fun Facts". Archived from the original on June 25, 2012. Retrieved May 31, 2012.
  8. "Community history from Bentonville-Bella Vista Chamber of Commerce". Archived from the original on July 18, 2011. Retrieved August 5, 2011.
  9. "Bentonville (Benton County) – Encyclopedia of Arkansas". www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved May 6, 2018.
  10. Caprariello, Alex (June 2, 2017). "Bentonville Fastest Growing City in NWA". NWAHOMEPAGE. Archived from the original on June 5, 2017. Retrieved May 6, 2018.
  11. 1 2 "Northwest Arkansas leads growth in state, 14th fastest-growing metro area nationwide – Talk Business & Politics". Talk Business & Politics. March 22, 2018. Retrieved May 6, 2018.
  12. "Monthly Averages for Bentonville, AR" (Table). The Weather Channel. Archived from the original on January 21, 2013. Retrieved May 31, 2012.
  13. "Bentonville, Arkansas Climatology" (Table). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Archived from the original on December 28, 2017. Retrieved December 27, 2017.
  14. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  15. 2010 general profile of population or housing characteristics of Bentonville from the US census
  16. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  17. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on April 3, 2007. Retrieved April 10, 2007.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  18. "Bentonville's Largest Employers". Bentonville-Bella Vista Chamber of Commerce. 2014. Archived from the original on March 16, 2014. Retrieved March 15, 2014.
  19. 1 2 "2013 State of the Northwest Arkansas Region Report" (PDF). University of Arkansas Sam Walton College of Business and the Northwest Arkansas Council. 2013. p. 9. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 29, 2013. Retrieved September 14, 2014.
  20. Thomas, Lauren (September 15, 2017). "Wal-Mart plans for new home office in Bentonville to help lure 'high-quality talent'". CNBC. Archived from the original on May 5, 2018. Retrieved May 4, 2018.
  21. Hopper, Laura J. (October 2004). "Bentonville, Ark., Is Sam's Town". The Regional Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis. Archived from the original on March 16, 2014. Retrieved March 15, 2014.
  22. Disbrowe, Paula (October 6, 2012). "Is Bentonville The South's Next Cultural Mecca?". Southern Living. Archived from the original on September 15, 2014. Retrieved September 14, 2014.
  23. "Co-working space opens in Bentonville to support entrepreneurs and startups in NWA – Talk Business & Politics". Talk Business & Politics. May 12, 2017. Archived from the original on May 16, 2018. Retrieved May 15, 2018.
  24. "The 50 best small and mid-size cities for entrepreneurs". americancityandcounty.com. Archived from the original on May 16, 2018. Retrieved May 15, 2018.
  25. Arnold et al 2002, p. 104.
  26. Lancaster, Guy (June 7, 2013). "Arkansas's Regional Identity". Archived from the original on April 5, 2013. Retrieved August 18, 2013.
  27. "Wal-Mart influences continue to push rapid growth in Bentonville". The City Wire. March 19, 2014. Archived from the original on December 8, 2015. Retrieved November 29, 2015.
  28. Nassauer, Sarah (December 8, 2015). "In Bentonville, Is It Cricket To Play on a Baseball Field? Players face a sticky wicket with 18 teams, no grounds; Wal-Mart vs. Pepsi". Wall Street Journal. p. A1, A12. Archived from the original on December 23, 2015. Retrieved December 24, 2015.
  29. bentonvillear.com http://bentonvillear.com/DocumentCenter/View/3167/November-PRAB-Meeting-Packet?bidId= . Retrieved December 28, 2018.Missing or empty |title= (help)
  30. "Transportation". NWA Council. Archived from the original on December 8, 2015. Retrieved November 29, 2015.
  31. Archived December 5, 2019, at the Wayback Machine The official homepage of the Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art
  32. Vogel, Carol (June 16, 2011). "A Billionaire's Eye for Art Shapes Her Singular Museum". The New York Times . Archived from the original on May 24, 2013. Retrieved May 31, 2012.
  33. "Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art Announces Director and Plans for New Arts Venue | Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art". Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art. August 30, 2017. Archived from the original on May 5, 2018. Retrieved May 4, 2018.
  34. "BFF Announces Continued Growth & 2019 Dates! - Bentonville Film Festival". bentonvillefilmfestival.com. May 22, 2018. Archived from the original on June 12, 2018. Retrieved May 31, 2018.
  35. Greenberg, Peter. "Newsmax Magazine Rates the Top 25 Most Uniquely American Cities And Towns". Archived from the original on January 16, 2014. Retrieved January 15, 2014.
  36. "Is Bentonville The South's Next Cultural Mecca?". Southern Living. Archived from the original on May 6, 2018. Retrieved May 15, 2018.
  37. "Bella Vista Lake". City of Bentonville. Archived from the original on December 8, 2014. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
  38. "Memorial Park". City of Bentonville. Archived from the original on December 8, 2014. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
  39. "Merchants Baseball Park". City of Bentonville. Archived from the original on December 8, 2014. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
  40. "Park Springs Park". City of Bentonville. Archived from the original on December 8, 2014. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
  41. "Trails". Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art. Archived from the original on December 11, 2014. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
  42. https://www.bentonvillear.com/498/Mountain-Biking
  43. "Ride Centers | IMBA". imba.com. Archived from the original on April 26, 2018. Retrieved April 26, 2018.
  44. "bike-bentonville". www.visitbentonville.com. Archived from the original on April 26, 2018. Retrieved April 26, 2018.
  45. Michelson, Jacob Baynham and Megan (June 15, 2017). "The 25 Best Towns of 2017". Outside Online. Archived from the original on May 16, 2018. Retrieved May 15, 2018.
  46. Szczepanski, Carolyn (October 23, 2012). "Walmart Helps to Boost Bentonville to BFC Status". League of American Bicyclists. Archived from the original on May 16, 2018. Retrieved May 15, 2018.
  47. "Form of Government". City of Bentonville. Archived from the original on January 5, 2016. Retrieved January 9, 2016.
  48. "Bentonville, Arkansas City Council". City of Bentonville. Archived from the original on January 5, 2016. Retrieved January 9, 2016.
  49. "Boards & Commissions | Bentonville, AR". bentonvillear.com. Archived from the original on May 16, 2018. Retrieved May 15, 2018.
  50. Ramsey, David. "Stephanie Orman elected mayor of Bentonville, topping Walton-backed candidate and fending off dark money from D.C. Republican group". Arkansas Times. Archived from the original on December 28, 2018. Retrieved December 28, 2018.
  51. "Thaden School | Thaden School". www.thadenschool.org. Archived from the original on April 28, 2019. Retrieved April 26, 2018.
  52. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on May 27, 2014. Retrieved November 29, 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  53. Pruna, Jocelyne (November 3, 2012). "Election Day Will Decide Two Positions for Beaver Water District". KFSM-TV. Archived from the original on February 1, 2014. Retrieved January 13, 2013.
  54. "Production Data" (PDF). Beaver Water District. October 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 8, 2015. Retrieved November 29, 2015.
  55. "About Wal-Mart CEO Doug McMillon". CNBC. Associated Press. February 26, 2015. Archived from the original on February 28, 2015. Retrieved February 28, 2015.
  56. "Dwight Crandall Tosh". intelius.com. Archived from the original on January 20, 2016. Retrieved April 3, 2015.
  57. "The World's Billionaires 2018". Forbes. Archived from the original on November 29, 2014. Retrieved May 28, 2018.
  58. "#20 Jim Walton". Forbes. Archived from the original on July 29, 2017. Retrieved August 24, 2017.