Mountain Home, Arkansas

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Mountain Home, Arkansas
Baxter County Arkansas Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Mountain Home Highlighted 0547390.svg
Location of Mountain Home in Baxter County, Arkansas.
Coordinates: 36°20′10″N92°22′56″W / 36.33611°N 92.38222°W / 36.33611; -92.38222 Coordinates: 36°20′10″N92°22′56″W / 36.33611°N 92.38222°W / 36.33611; -92.38222
Country United States
State Arkansas
County Baxter
Area
[1]
  Total11.90 sq mi (30.83 km2)
  Land11.90 sq mi (30.83 km2)
  Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
817 ft (249 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total12,448
  Estimate 
(2018) [2]
12,457
  Density1,036.13/sq mi (400.06/km2)
Demonym(s) Mountain Homie
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
72653-72654
Area code(s) 870
FIPS code 05-47390
GNIS feature ID0077766
Website cityofmountainhome.com

Mountain Home is a city in, and the county seat of, Baxter County, Arkansas, United States, [3] in the southern Ozark Mountains near the northern state border with Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 12,448. [4] A total of 41,307 persons lived within the city and micropolitan area combined, which encompasses the majority of Baxter County.

Contents

Geography

Mountain Home is located in northern Arkansas at 36°20′10″N92°22′56″W / 36.33611°N 92.38222°W / 36.33611; -92.38222 (36.336248, -92.382279). [5] It is the center of the Twin Lakes area, with Norfork Lake 15 minutes to the east and Bull Shoals Lake 20 minutes to the northwest. It is located within the Ozarks mountain range, in the Salem Plateau region.

The city is located within 15 to 20 minutes of three rivers: the Buffalo National River, the White River and the North Fork River, which features the world-renowned Norfork Tailwater. These make the Mountain Home area one of the nation's top freshwater fishing destinations. Some creeks in the area with fishing access are Fall Creek, Dodd Creek, and Hicks Creek, with Fall Creek being the largest.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.7 square miles (30.4 km2), all land. [4]

History

Founding and early days

Mountain Home was originally known as Rapp's Barron. The land was owned by Simeon "Rapp" Talburt, who built the first home in the area in the early 1830's. [6] Rapp and many of his family members are buried in a small cemetery in the Indian Hills subdivision of Mountain Home. The original cabin was found in the 19902[ clarification needed ] and is on display in Cooper Park in Mountain Home with other homes of historic value. The name of the town was changed to Mountain Home in 1856. [7] A post office was established in 1857. The Mountain Home Male and Female Academy was opened in 1853 and provided much needed education in the absence of accessible public schools.

The town was nearly destroyed by Bushwackers during the American Civil War.[ citation needed ]

The Courthouse

When Baxter County was incorporated on March 24, 1873, Mountain Home was named as the county seat. Court was held in a local store and prisoners were held in the homes of respected citizens until a proper courthouse could be built. A former boardinghouse was purchased for the purpose, but was deemed unfit for county business during the renovation process, so a new wood frame building was built on a donated lot in the middle of the town square. This building burned to the ground in the 1890s and was replaced with a stone courthouse. It was suspected that an arsonist set fire to the building due to the location of the start of the fire and the timing. In just a few days, the fireproof safe would have been completed and all county records, including indictments, would have been protected from fire. [8] In 1912, a local town, Cotter, was booming while growth in Mountain Home had slowed, and there was talk of moving the County Seat to the riverfront town. Mountain Home added a third floor to their existing court house due to an Arkansas law that prevented county seats from being moved away from a three story building. The current court house was completed in 1943 and is still in use today. [9]

Transportation

Highways in Mountain Home:

The city is served by Ozark Regional Airport, a county-owned, public-use airport with a few commercial flights.

No railroads pass through Mountain Home, but the Missouri and Northern Arkansas Railroad passes through the nearby community of Cotter, 10 miles (16 km) to the west. The line encompasses 506 miles of track from Carthage, Missouri to Diaz Junction, Arkansas. The line has about five trains a day, with most being mixed freight or empty coal trains.

Media

Print

Mountain Home has been served by local newspaper The Baxter Bulletin since 1901. The Bulletin also publishes Living Well Magazine, a general interest magazine featuring people, places, and things in the Ozarks.

There is also a woman's business and local interest magazine that covers Mountain Home called Marvelous Magazine.

Radio

Several local radio stations serve Mountain Home. KTLO AM 1240 was the first, established in 1953. Other local stations include KTLO Radio [10] (which includes 99.7 FM The Boot https://www.ktlo.com/ktlofm/ , KCTT Classic Hits 101.7 FM, and KTLO 1240 AM Real Country) and Twin Lakes Radio [11] (which includes KOMT The Eagle 93.5 FM, KPFM Country 105.5 FM, and KKTZ Hit 107.5 FM (featuring week-day Morning Drive Bob "DJ Peace" Van Haaren). KCMH 91.5 FM (a Christian radio) is also licensed to the city of Mountain Home. Several other stations are licensed to surrounding communities and serve Baxter County.

Television

K26GS-D operates KL7 in Mountain Home on public access and provides local interest pieces and news.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1880 137
1890 24276.6%
1900 36350.0%
1910 44622.9%
1920 49210.3%
1930 58518.9%
1940 92758.5%
1950 2,217139.2%
1960 2,105−5.1%
1970 3,93687.0%
1980 8,066104.9%
1990 9,02711.9%
2000 11,01222.0%
2010 12,44813.0%
Est. 201812,457 [2] 0.1%
U.S. Decennial Census [12]

According to the 2010 census, the population of Mountain Home was 12,448. [4]

As of the census [13] of 2000, there were 11,012 people, 5,175 households, and 3,151 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,035.7 people per square mile (400.0/km²). There were 5,612 housing units at an average density of 527.8 per square mile (203.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.69% White, 0.18% Black or African American, 0.47% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.26% from other races, and 0.99% from two or more races. 1.20% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,175 households out of which 19.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.3% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.1% were non-families. 36.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 22.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.02 and the average family size was 2.59.

In the city, the population was spread out with 17.7% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 18.8% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 36.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 53 years. For every 100 females, there were 78.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 74.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $26,869, and the median income for a family was $34,895. Males had a median income of $26,800 versus $19,702 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,789. About 7.5% of families and 10.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.6% of those under age 18 and 7.1% of those age 65 or over.

Education

ASU – Mountain Home

Arkansas State University-Mountain Home is a public, open-access, two-year campus of Arkansas State University located on a campus on the west side of the city. The campus became part of the ASU system in 1995. The campus architecture is styled after the University of Virginia.

Mountain Home school district

The public school district, Mountain Home Public Schools, encompasses some 330 square miles (850 km2) and serves more than 4,000 students from kindergarten through 12th grade. The public school consists of seven campuses, which includes the Mountain Home High School (grades 10-12), Mountain Home-Baxter Junior High (grades 8 & 9), Pinkston Middle School (grades 6-7), Hackler Intermediate (grade 3-5), Nelson-Wilks-Herron Elementary school (grades 1-2), the Kindergarten center, and the Guy Berry College and Career Academy (alternative school setting).

The Mountain Home School System, with the mascot the Bombers, plays in the 6A/7A East Athletic Conference in basketball, football, baseball, softball, track and field, soccer, wrestling, cross country, volleyball and swimming. The cross country teams have won multiple state championships in recent years and the swim and volleyball teams have competed for state championships recently.

Additionally, Mountain Home High School has a highly reputable band program, which has been invited to, and participated in, many different well known events. The marching band was invited to perform in the opening of the 2008 Beijing Olympics, as well as the 2010 St. Patrick's Day Parade in Dublin, Ireland. The band was unable to attend those events for technical reasons. Most notably, the band marched in the 2006 Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade, and the 2010 Citrus Bowl Parade. They have also had a Jazz Band that has performed before shows in Branson, Missouri. The band program in Mountain Home was built to what it is today by Rob Nelson, Bill Maxwell, and its current director; Tom Chentnik.

The districts robotics program is also very reputable, and highly successful. The program's team number 16 "Bomb Squad" placed in the top three of the FIRST Championship (FRC) multiple times, and won the FRC world championship in 2012.

Notable people

Poet C. D. Wright C D Wright by David Shankbone.jpg
Poet C. D. Wright

Government

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Norfork Dam is a large dam in northern Arkansas southeast of Mountain Home. It dams North Fork River and creates Norfork Lake. The top of the dam supports a 2-lane roadway, part of AR 177.

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Highway 178 is a designation for two east–west state highways in the Ozark Mountains. One segment begins near Flippin and runs east across Bull Shoals Dam to downtown Mountain Home. A second segment begins in eastern Mountain Home and runs east to Lake Norfork. Both highways are maintained by the Arkansas Department of Transportation (ArDOT).

Highway 341 is a designation for two north–south state highways in Baxter County. One segment of 26.15 miles (42.08 km) runs from Highway 14 north to Highway 5 in Salesville. A second segment of 1.91 miles (3.07 km) runs northeast from Highway 5 near Briarcliff to Tracy Ferry Road/Rocky Ridge Road near Norfork Lake.

References

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  2. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved August 7, 2019.
  3. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  4. 1 2 3 "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Mountain Home city, Arkansas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved September 20, 2013.
  5. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  6. Garr, Gene. "First residence in Mountain Home found Historical Park Under Construction". The Library. White River Valley Historical Quarterly. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  7. "How did Mountain Home Get its Name". Baxter Bulletin. Gannett Publishing. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  8. "Burning of Baxter County Courthouse, Feb 23rd, 1890" (PDF). The Baxter County History. 2 (1): 14. 1976. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  9. "Baxter County History". Baxter County Government. Baxter County Government. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  10. "KTLO LLC". KTLO LLC. Retrieved 2017-12-11.
  11. "Tri Lakes Radio | KPFM 105.5 | KKTZ 107.5 | KOMT 93.5 | Mountain Home, AR". twinlakesradio.com. Retrieved 2017-12-11.
  12. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  13. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  14. "Colorado Man, Travis Kauffman, Survives Mountain Lion Attack" via www.youtube.com.