Murfreesboro, Arkansas

Last updated
Murfreesboro, Arkansas
City
Pike County Arkansas Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Murfreesboro Highlighted 0548290.svg
Location of Murfreesboro in Pike County, Arkansas.
Coordinates: 34°3′59″N93°41′21″W / 34.06639°N 93.68917°W / 34.06639; -93.68917 Coordinates: 34°3′59″N93°41′21″W / 34.06639°N 93.68917°W / 34.06639; -93.68917
Country United States
State Arkansas
County Pike
Area [1]
  Total 2.00 sq mi (5.19 km2)
  Land 2.00 sq mi (5.17 km2)
  Water 0.01 sq mi (0.01 km2)
Elevation 361 ft (110 m)
Population (2010)
  Total 1,641
  Estimate (2017) [2] 1,554
  Density 777.78/sq mi (300.33/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
  Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 71958
Area code(s) 870
FIPS code 05-48290
GNIS feature ID 0077783
Website mboroarkansas.com

Murfreesboro is a city in, and the county seat of, Pike County, Arkansas, United States. [3] Its population was 1,764 at the 2000 census. The city is known for the Crater of Diamonds State Park located south of the city.

A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, China, Romania, Taiwan and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, and historically in Jamaica.

Pike County, Arkansas County in the United States

Pike County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 11,291. The county seat is Murfreesboro. Pike County is Arkansas's 25th county, formed on November 1, 1833, and named for Lieutenant Zebulon Pike, the explorer who discovered Pikes Peak. It is an alcohol prohibition or dry county.

Arkansas State of the United States of America

Arkansas is a state in the southern region of the United States, home to over 3 million people as of 2018. Its name is of Siouan derivation from the language of the Osage denoting their related kin, the Quapaw Indians. The state's diverse geography ranges from the mountainous regions of the Ozark and the Ouachita Mountains, which make up the U.S. Interior Highlands, to the densely forested land in the south known as the Arkansas Timberlands, to the eastern lowlands along the Mississippi River and the Arkansas Delta.

Contents

History

In 1906, diamonds were found on a local farm. It was determined that an 80-acre (32 ha) volcanic formation was the source of the diamonds.[ citation needed ] The property was eventually sold to the state of Arkansas, which opened the 911-acre (369 ha) Crater of Diamonds State Park to the public.[ citation needed ] As a tourist attraction a daily fee ($8 in 2015) is charged to search for diamonds.[ citation needed ]

Crater of Diamonds State Park

Crater of Diamonds State Park is a 911-acre (369 ha) Arkansas state park in Pike County, Arkansas, in the United States. The park features a 37.5-acre plowed field, the world's only diamond-bearing site accessible to the public. Diamonds have continuously been discovered in the field since 1906, including the Strawn-Wagner Diamond. The site became a state park in 1972 after the Arkansas Department of Parks and Tourism purchased the site from the Arkansas Diamond Company and Ozark Diamond Mines Corporation, who had operated the site as a tourist attraction previously.

Also located in Murfreesboro is the 1,000-year-old Ka-Do-Ha Indian Village and museum dedicated to it, which offers a field that can be excavated for authentic arrowheads. [4]

Ka-Do-Ha Indian Village is a tourist attraction near Murfreesboro, Arkansas. The site may be a Late Caddo settlement, but has never been professionally excavated.

Geography

Murfreesboro is located at 34°3′59″N93°41′21″W / 34.06639°N 93.68917°W / 34.06639; -93.68917 (34.066255, -93.689256). [5] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.0 square miles (5.2 km2), all land.

United States Census Bureau Bureau of the United States responsible for the census and related statistics

The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1880 84
1890 15989.3%
1900 20025.8%
1910 516158.0%
1920 73041.5%
1930 7330.4%
1940 83513.9%
1950 1,07929.2%
1960 1,0961.6%
1970 1,35023.2%
1980 1,88339.5%
1990 1,542−18.1%
2000 1,76414.4%
2010 1,641−7.0%
Est. 20171,554 [2] −5.3%
U.S. Decennial Census [6]

As of the census [7] of 2000, there were 1,764 people, 732 households, and 485 families residing in the city. The population density was 906.5 people per square mile (349.3/km²). There were 830 housing units at an average density of 426.5/sq mi (164.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 89.23% White, 7.31% Black or African American, 1.08% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 0.91% from other races, and 1.36% from two or more races. 1.36% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Census Acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population

A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common censuses include agriculture, business, and traffic censuses. The United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory, simultaneity and defined periodicity", and recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations also cover census topics to be collected, official definitions, classifications and other useful information to co-ordinate international practice.

Population density A measurement of population numbers per unit area or volume

Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and most of the time to humans. It is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square.

There were 732 households out of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.5% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.7% were non-families. 31.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.89.

Marriage Social union or legal contract between people called spouses that creates kinship

Marriage, also called matrimony or wedlock, is a socially or ritually recognised union between spouses that establishes rights and obligations between those spouses, as well as between them and any resulting biological or adopted children and affinity. The definition of marriage varies around the world not only between cultures and between religions, but also throughout the history of any given culture and religion, evolving to both expand and constrict in who and what is encompassed, but typically it is principally an institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually sexual, are acknowledged or sanctioned. In some cultures, marriage is recommended or considered to be compulsory before pursuing any sexual activity. When defined broadly, marriage is considered a cultural universal. A marriage ceremony is known as a wedding.

In the city, the population was spread out with 24.4% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to 64, and 20.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $26,806, and the median income for a family was $33,456. Males had a median income of $26,300 versus $18,523 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,124. About 11.0% of families and 14.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.7% of those under age 18 and 16.3% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Public education for elementary and secondary school students is provided by South Pike County School District, which includes:

On July 1, 2010, the Murfreesboro School District and the Delight School District merged to form the South Pike County School District. [8] The Murfreesboro district absorbed the Delight district and then changed its name to South Pike County School District. [9]

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South Pike County School District (SPCSD), formerly Murfreesboro School District No. 16, is a public school district based in Murfreesboro, Arkansas, USA.

References

  1. "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Aug 22, 2018.
  2. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  3. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  4. Indian Village website
  5. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  6. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  7. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  8. "ConsolidationAnnex_from_1983.xls." Arkansas Department of Education. Retrieved on May 26, 2018.
  9. "2010 FINAL Millage Report for Collection in 2011." Arkansas Department of Education. June 13, 2011. Amended July 18, 2011. "Delight (3501) annexed to Murfreesboro, who changed their name to South Pike County, effective 7/1/10"