Little Rock, Arkansas

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Little Rock, Arkansas
City of Little Rock
Skyline of Little Rock, Arkansas - 20050319.jpg
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City of Little Rock logo.svg
Nickname(s): 
The Rock, Rock Town, LR
Pulaski County Arkansas Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Little Rock Highlighted 0541000.svg
Location within Pulaski County
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Little Rock
Location within Arkansas
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Little Rock
Location within the United States
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Little Rock
Little Rock (North America)
Coordinates: 34°44′10″N92°19′52″W / 34.73611°N 92.33111°W / 34.73611; -92.33111 Coordinates: 34°44′10″N92°19′52″W / 34.73611°N 92.33111°W / 34.73611; -92.33111
CountryFlag of the United States.svg  United States
State Flag of Arkansas.svg  Arkansas
County Pulaski
Township Big Rock
FoundedJune 1, 1821
Incorporated (town)November 7, 1831
Incorporated (city)November 2, 1835
Named for French: La Petite Roche
(The "Little Rock")
Government
  Type Council-manager
   Mayor Frank Scott Jr. (D)
   Council Little Rock Board of Directors
Area
[1]
   State capital city 123.00 sq mi (318.58 km2)
  Land120.05 sq mi (310.92 km2)
  Water2.96 sq mi (7.66 km2)
  Metro
4,090.34 sq mi (10,593.94 km2)
Elevation
335 ft (102 m)
Population
 (2020)
   State capital city 202,591
  RankUS: 118th
  Density1,687.60/sq mi (651.58/km2)
   Urban
431,388 (US: 89th)
   Metro
748,031 (US: 81st)
Demonym Little Rocker
Time zone UTC−06:00 (CST)
  Summer (DST) UTC−05:00 (CDT)
ZIP code(s)
72201-72207, 72209-72212, 72214-72217, 72219, 72221-72223, 72225, 72227, 72231, 72255, 72260, 72295
Area code 501
FIPS code 05-41000
GNIS feature ID 83350
Major airport Clinton National Airport/Adams Field (LIT)
Interstate Highways I-30.svg I-30, I-40.svg I-40, I-430.svg I-430, I-440.svg I-440, I-530.svg I-530, I-630.svg I-630
Other major highwaysUS 65 (AR).svg US 65, US 67 (AR).svg US 67, US 70 (AR).svg US 70, US 167 (AR).svg US 167
Website www.littlerock.gov

Little Rock is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Arkansas. The city's population was 202,591 in 2020, according to the United States Census Bureau. As the county seat of Pulaski County, the city was incorporated on November 7, 1831, on the south bank of the Arkansas River close to the state's geographic center. The city derived its name from a rock formation along the river, named the "Little Rock" (French: Le Petit Rocher) by the French explorer Jean-Baptiste Bénard de la Harpe in 1722. The capital of the Arkansas Territory was moved to Little Rock from Arkansas Post in 1821. The six-county Little Rock–North Little Rock–Conway, AR Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) is ranked 81st in terms of population in the United States with 748,031 residents according to the 2020 estimate by the United States Census Bureau. [2] [3]

Contents

Little Rock is a cultural, economic, government, and transportation center within Arkansas and the South. Several cultural institutions are in Little Rock, such as the Arkansas Museum of Fine Arts, the Arkansas Repertory Theatre, the Arkansas Symphony Orchestra, and the Mosaic Templars Cultural Center, in addition to hiking, boating, and other outdoor recreational opportunities. Little Rock's history is available through history museums, historic districts or neighborhoods of Little Rock like the Quapaw Quarter, and historic sites such as Little Rock Central High School. The city is the headquarters of Dillard's, Windstream Communications, Stephens Inc., University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Heifer International, Winrock International, the Clinton Foundation, and the Rose Law Firm. Other corporations, such as Amazon, Dassault Falcon Jet, LM Wind Power, Simmons Bank, Euronet Worldwide, AT&T, and Entergy have large operations in the city. The state government is a large employer, with many offices downtown. Two major Interstate highways, Interstate 30 and Interstate 40, meet in Little Rock, with the Port of Little Rock serving as a shipping hub.

Etymology

Little Rock derives its name from a small rock formation on the south bank of the Arkansas River called the "Little Rock" (French: La Petite Roche). The Little Rock was used by early river traffic as a landmark and became a well-known river crossing. The Little Rock is across the river from The Big Rock, a large bluff at the edge of the river, which was once used as a rock quarry. [4]

History

Archeological artifacts provide evidence of Native Americans inhabiting Central Arkansas for thousands of years before Europeans arrived. The early inhabitants may have been the Folsom people, Bluff Dwellers, and Mississippian culture peoples who built earthwork mounds recorded in 1541 by Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto. Historical tribes of the area are the Caddo, Quapaw, Osage, Choctaw, and Cherokee.

Little Rock was named for a stone outcropping on the bank of the Arkansas River used by early travelers as a landmark, which marked the transition from the flat Mississippi Delta region to the Ouachita Mountain foothills. [5] It was named in 1722 by French explorer and trader Jean-Baptiste Bénard de la Harpe. Travelers referred to the area as the "Little Rock". Though there was an effort to officially name the city "Arkopolis" upon its founding in the 1820s, and that name did appear on a few maps made by the US Geological Survey, the name Little Rock is eventually what stuck. [6] [7] [8]

Littlerockarkansas arkansasriverpano.jpg
The skyline of Little Rock, viewed from the north bank of the Arkansas River

Geography

Little Rock is located at 34°44′10″N92°19′52″W / 34.73611°N 92.33111°W / 34.73611; -92.33111 (34.736009, −92.331122). [9]

Satellite photo of Little Rock in 2020 Little Rock by Sentinel-2, 2020-06-12.jpg
Satellite photo of Little Rock in 2020

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 116.8 square miles (303 km2), of which 116.2 square miles (301 km2) is land and 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2) (0.52%) is water.

Little Rock is on the south bank of the Arkansas River in Central Arkansas. Fourche Creek and Rock Creek run through the city, and flow into the river. The western part of the city is in the foothills of the Ouachita Mountains. Northwest of the city limits are Pinnacle Mountain and Lake Maumelle, which provides Little Rock's drinking water.

The city of North Little Rock is just across the river from Little Rock, but it is a separate city. North Little Rock was once the 8th ward of Little Rock. An Arkansas Supreme Court decision on February 6, 1904, allowed the ward to merge with the neighboring town of North Little Rock. The merged town quickly renamed itself Argenta (the local name for the former 8th Ward), but returned to its original name in October 1917. [10]

Neighborhoods

Hillary Rodham and Bill Clinton lived in this 980 square foot (91 m) house in the Hillcrest neighborhood of Little Rock from 1977 to 1979 while he was Arkansas Attorney General. HillaryRodhamBillClintonLittleRockHouse1adjusted.jpg
Hillary Rodham and Bill Clinton lived in this 980 square foot (91 m) house in the Hillcrest neighborhood of Little Rock from 1977 to 1979 while he was Arkansas Attorney General.

Metropolitan area

The 2020 U.S. Census population estimate for the Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR Metropolitan Statistical Area was 748,031. The MSA covers the following counties: Pulaski, Faulkner, Grant, Lonoke, Perry, and Saline. The largest cities are Little Rock, North Little Rock, Conway, Jacksonville, Benton, Sherwood, Cabot, Maumelle, and Bryant.

Climate

Little Rock lies in the humid subtropical climate zone (Cfa), with hot, humid summers and cool winters with usually little snow. It has experienced temperatures as low as −12 °F (−24 °C), which was recorded on February 12, 1899, and as high as 114 °F (46 °C), which was recorded on August 3, 2011. [12]

Climate data for Little Rock (Little Rock Nat'l Airport), 1991−2020 normals, [lower-alpha 1] extremes 1875−present [lower-alpha 2]
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)83
(28)
87
(31)
91
(33)
95
(35)
98
(37)
107
(42)
112
(44)
114
(46)
106
(41)
98
(37)
86
(30)
81
(27)
114
(46)
Mean maximum °F (°C)72
(22)
76
(24)
82
(28)
86
(30)
91
(33)
96
(36)
100
(38)
101
(38)
96
(36)
89
(32)
80
(27)
73
(23)
102
(39)
Average high °F (°C)50.5
(10.3)
55.2
(12.9)
63.7
(17.6)
72.8
(22.7)
80.5
(26.9)
88.2
(31.2)
91.7
(33.2)
91.5
(33.1)
85.1
(29.5)
74.2
(23.4)
61.9
(16.6)
52.6
(11.4)
72.3
(22.4)
Daily mean °F (°C)40.7
(4.8)
44.7
(7.1)
52.7
(11.5)
61.4
(16.3)
69.9
(21.1)
78.0
(25.6)
81.4
(27.4)
80.8
(27.1)
74.0
(23.3)
62.6
(17.0)
51.1
(10.6)
43.0
(6.1)
61.7
(16.5)
Average low °F (°C)30.9
(−0.6)
34.2
(1.2)
41.8
(5.4)
50.1
(10.1)
59.3
(15.2)
67.7
(19.8)
71.2
(21.8)
70.1
(21.2)
62.9
(17.2)
50.9
(10.5)
40.2
(4.6)
33.3
(0.7)
51.0
(10.6)
Mean minimum °F (°C)16
(−9)
21
(−6)
27
(−3)
37
(3)
47
(8)
60
(16)
66
(19)
64
(18)
50
(10)
37
(3)
26
(−3)
20
(−7)
14
(−10)
Record low °F (°C)−8
(−22)
−12
(−24)
11
(−12)
28
(−2)
38
(3)
46
(8)
54
(12)
52
(11)
37
(3)
27
(−3)
10
(−12)
−1
(−18)
−12
(−24)
Average precipitation inches (mm)3.50
(89)
3.97
(101)
4.96
(126)
5.59
(142)
5.08
(129)
3.55
(90)
3.33
(85)
3.16
(80)
3.01
(76)
4.47
(114)
4.72
(120)
5.08
(129)
50.42
(1,281)
Average snowfall inches (cm)1.1
(2.8)
1.6
(4.1)
0.5
(1.3)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.6
(1.5)
3.8
(9.7)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)9.29.310.59.410.98.08.77.26.68.18.59.5105.9
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)0.50.90.40.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.10.32.2
Mean monthly sunshine hours 180.9188.2244.5276.7325.3346.2351.0323.0271.9251.0176.9166.23,101.8
Percent possible sunshine 58626671758080787372575470
Source: NOAA (sun 1961−1990 at North Little Rock Airport) [13] [14] [15] [16]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1850 2,167
1860 3,72772.0%
1870 12,380232.2%
1880 13,1386.1%
1890 25,87496.9%
1900 38,30748.1%
1910 45,94119.9%
1920 65,14241.8%
1930 81,67925.4%
1940 88,0397.8%
1950 102,21316.1%
1960 107,8135.5%
1970 132,48322.9%
1980 159,15120.1%
1990 175,79510.5%
2000 183,1334.2%
2010 193,5245.7%
2020 202,5914.7%
U.S. Decennial Census [17]

2020 census

Little Rock Racial Composition [18]
RaceNum.Perc.
White 85,40142.15%
Black or African American 81,33940.15%
Native American 4970.25%
Asian 7,0993.5%
Pacific Islander 690.03%
Other/Mixed 7,7193.81%
Hispanic or Latino 20,46710.1%

As of the 2020 United States Census, there were 202,591 people, 80,063 households, and 45,577 families residing in the city.

2005-2007 ACS

As of the 2005–2007 American Community Survey conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau, White Americans made up 52.7% of Little Rock's population; of which 49.4% were non-Hispanic Whites, down from 74.1% in 1970. [19] Blacks or African Americans made up 42.1% of Little Rock's population, with 42.0% being non-Hispanic blacks. Native Americans made up 0.4% of Little Rock's population while Asian Americans made up 2.1% of the city's population. Pacific Islander Americans made up less than 0.1% of the city's population. Individuals from some other race made up 1.2% of the city's population; of which 0.2% were non-Hispanic. Individuals from two or more races made up 1.4% of the city's population; of which 1.1% were non-Hispanic. In addition, Hispanics and Latinos made up 4.7% of Little Rock's population.

Map of racial distribution in Little Rock, 2010 U.S. Census. Each dot is 25 people:
.mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}
 White
 Black
 Asian
 Hispanic
 Other Race and ethnicity 2010- Little Rock (5560426642).png
Map of racial distribution in Little Rock, 2010 U.S. Census. Each dot is 25 people:  White Black Asian Hispanic Other

2010 census

As of the 2010 census, there were 193,524 people, 82,018 households, and 47,799 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,576.0 inhabitants per square mile (608.5/km2). There were 91,288 housing units at an average density of 769.1 per square mile (297.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 48.9% White, 42.3% Black, 0.4% Native American, 2.7% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 3.9% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. 6.8% of the population is Hispanic or Latino.

There were 82,018 households, of which 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.6% were married couples living together, 17.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.7% were non-families. 34.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 24.7% under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 31.7% from 25 to 44, 22.0% from 45 to 64, and 11.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $37,572, and the median income for a family was $47,446. Males had a median income of $35,689 versus $26,802 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,209[ citation needed ]. 14.3% of the population is below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 20.9% of those under the age of 18 and 9.0% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

Crime

In the late 1980s, Little Rock experienced a 51% increase in murder arrests of children under 17, and a 40% increase among 18- to 24-year-olds. From 1988 to 1992, murder arrests of youths under 18 increased by 256%. [20] By the end of 1992, Little Rock reached a record of 61 homicides, [21] but in 1993 surpassed it with 76. [22] It was one of the highest per-capita homicide rates in the country, placing Little Rock fifth in Money Magazine's 1994 list of most dangerous cities. [20] In July 2017, a shootout occurred at the Power Ultra Lounge nightclub in downtown Little Rock; although there were no deaths, 28 people were injured and one hospitalized. In 2021, Little Rock saw a decrease in most violent crime, but a 24% increase in homicides from 2020. [23]

Economy

Downtown Little Rock Downtown Little Rock.jpg
Downtown Little Rock

Dillard's Department Stores, Windstream Communications and Acxiom, Simmons Bank, Bank of the Ozarks, Rose Law Firm, Central Flying Service, and large brokerage Stephens Inc. are headquartered in Little Rock. Large companies headquartered in other cities but with a large presence in Little Rock are Dassault Falcon Jet (near Little Rock National Airport in the eastern part of the city), Fidelity National Information Services (in northwestern Little Rock), and Welspun Corp (in Southeast Little Rock). Little Rock and its surroundings are home to headquarters for large nonprofit organizations, such as Winrock International, Heifer International, the Association of Community Organizations for Reform Now, Clinton Foundation, Lions World Services for the Blind, Clinton Presidential Center, Winthrop Rockefeller Foundation, FamilyLife, Audubon Arkansas, and The Nature Conservancy. Little Rock is also home to the American Taekwondo Association and Arkansas Hospital Association. Arkansas Blue Cross Blue Shield, Baptist Health Medical Center, Entergy, Dassault Falcon Jet, Siemens, AT&T Mobility, Kroger, Euronet Worldwide, L'Oréal, Timex, and UAMS are employers throughout Little Rock. One of the state's largest public employers, with over 10,552 employees, the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (UAMS) and its healthcare partners—Arkansas Children's Hospital and the Central Arkansas Veterans Healthcare System—have a total annual economic impact in Arkansas of about $5 billion. UAMS receives less than 11% of its funding from the state; it is funded by payments for clinical services (64%), grants and contracts (18%), philanthropy and other (5%), and tuition and fees (2%). The Little Rock port is an intermodal river port with a large industrial business complex. It is designated as Foreign Trade Zone 14. International corporations such as Danish manufacturer LM Glasfiber have established new facilities adjacent to the port.

Along with Louisville and Memphis, Little Rock has a branch of the Federal Reserve Bank of St Louis. [24]

Arts and culture

Cultural sites in Little Rock include:

Museums

William J. Clinton Presidential Library, in downtown Little Rock William J. Clinton Presidential Library, Little Rock, Arkansas (exterior view - 2007).jpg
William J. Clinton Presidential Library, in downtown Little Rock

Music and theater

Founded in 1976, the Arkansas Repertory Theatre is the state's largest nonprofit professional theatre company. A member of the League of Resident Theatres (LORT D), The Rep has produced more than 300 productions, including 40 world premieres, in its building in downtown Little Rock. Producing Artistic Director John Miller-Stephany leads a resident staff of designers, technicians and administrators in eight to ten productions for an annual audience in excess of 70,000 for MainStage productions, educational programming and touring. The Rep produces works from contemporary comedies and dramas to world premiers and the classics of dramatic literature.

The Community Theatre of Little Rock, founded in 1956, is the area's oldest performance art company.[ citation needed ]

The Arkansas Symphony Orchestra [25] performs over 30 concerts a year and many events. [ citation needed ]

The Robinson Center Music Hall is the main performance center of the Arkansas Symphony Orchestra.

The Wildwood Park for the Arts is the largest park dedicated to the performing arts in the South; it features seasonal festivals and cultural events.

Parks and recreation

Outside magazine named Little Rock one of its 2019 Best Places to Live. [26] Little Rock has 48 parks, [27] as well as other recreational sites, including:

Arkansas Arboretum  – at Pinnacle Mountain; it has a trail with flora and tree plantings.

Arkansas River Trail

Little Rock Zoo  – consists of at least 725 animals and over 200 species

Pinnacle Mountain State Park

River Market District  downtown entertainment district consisting of historic buildings along President Clinton Avenue

Willow Springs Water Park  – one of the first water theme parks in the U.S., built in 1928.

Government

The Pulaski County Courthouse is in Little Rock Pulaski County Courthouse, Little Rock, Arkansas (roses).jpg
The Pulaski County Courthouse is in Little Rock

The city has operated under the city manager form of government since November 1957. In 1993, voters approved changes from seven at-large city directors (who rated the position of mayor among themselves) to a popularly elected mayor, seven ward directors and three at-large directors. The position of mayor remained a part-time position until August 2007. At that point, voters approved making the mayor's position a full-time position with veto power, while a vice mayor is selected by and among members of the city board. The current mayor, elected in November 2018, is Frank Scott Jr., a former assistant bank executive, pastor and state highway commissioner. The city manager is Bruce T. Moore, the longest-serving city manager in Little Rock history. [28] The city employs over 2,500 people in 14 different departments, including the police department, the fire department, parks and recreation, and the zoo.

Most Pulaski County government offices are in Little Rock, including the Quorum, Circuit, District, and Juvenile Courts; and the Assessor, County Judge, County Attorney, and Public Defender's offices.

Both the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Arkansas and the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit have judicial facilities in Little Rock. The city is served by the Little Rock Police Department.

Education

Colleges and universities

Little Rock is home to two universities that are part of the University of Arkansas System: the campuses of the University of Arkansas at Little Rock and the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences are in the city. UAMS is Arkansas's largest basic and applied research institution, with programs in multiple myeloma, aging, and other areas.[ citation needed ] A pair of smaller, historically black colleges, Arkansas Baptist College and Philander Smith College, affiliated with the United Methodist Church, are also in Little Rock. Located in downtown is the Clinton School of Public Service, a branch of the University of Arkansas System, which offers master's degrees in public service. Pulaski Technical College has two locations in Little Rock. The Pulaski Technical College Little Rock-South site houses programs in automotive technology, collision repair technology, commercial driver training, diesel technology, small engine repair technology and motorcycle/all-terrain vehicle repair technology. The Pulaski Technical College Culinary Arts and Hospitality Management Institute and The Finish Line Cafe are also in Little Rock-South. There is a Missionary Baptist Seminary in Little Rock associated with the American Baptist Association. The school began as Missionary Baptist College in Sheridan in Grant County.

Secondary schools

Public schools

President Bill Clinton led celebrations of the 40th anniversary of desegregation at Little Rock Central High School AR LR Central High.jpg
President Bill Clinton led celebrations of the 40th anniversary of desegregation at Little Rock Central High School

Little Rock is home to both the Arkansas School for the Blind (ASB) and the Arkansas School for the Deaf (ASD), which are state-run schools operated by the Board of Trustees of the ASB–ASD. In addition, eStem Public Charter High School and LISA Academy provide tuition-free public education as charter schools.

The Little Rock School District (LRSD) operates the city's comprehensive public school system. As of 2012, the district has 64 schools with more schools being built. As of the 2009–2010 school year, the district's enrollment is 25,685. It has 5 high schools, 8 middle schools, 31 elementary schools, 1 early childhood (pre-kindergarten) center, 2 alternative schools, 1 adult education center, 1 accelerated learning center, 1 career-technical center, and about 3,800 employees.

LRSD public high schools include:

The Pulaski County Special School District (PCSSD) serves parts of Little Rock. PCSSD high schools are in the city such as:

Private schools

Various private schools are in Little Rock, such as:

Little Rock's Catholic high school for African-Americans, St. Bartholomew High School, closed in 1964. The Catholic grade school St. Bartholomew School, also established for African-Americans, closed in 1974. [29] The Our Lady of Good Counsel School closed in 2006. [30]

Public libraries

The Central Arkansas Library System comprises the main building downtown and numerous branches throughout the city, Jacksonville, Maumelle, Perryville, Sherwood and Wrightsville. The Pulaski County Law Library is at the William H. Bowen School of Law.

Notable places

Sports

ClubLeagueVenueEstablishedChampionships
Arkansas Travelers Texas League Dickey-Stephens Park 1963 (played as the Little Rock Travelers from 1887-1961)7
Little Rock Rangers USL League Two War Memorial Stadium 20160
Little Rock Trojans NCAA Division I (Ohio Valley Conference) Jack Stephens Center and Gary Hogan Field 19273
Arkansas Wolves FCNational Premier Soccer LeagueScott Field20210
Dickey Stephens Park Dickey Stephens Park.jpg
Dickey Stephens Park

Little Rock is home to the Arkansas Travelers. They are the AA professional Minor League Baseball affiliate of the Seattle Mariners in the Texas League. The Travelers played their last game in Little Rock at Ray Winder Field on September 3, 2006, and moved into Dickey-Stephens Park in nearby North Little Rock in April 2007.

The Little Rock Rangers soccer club of the National Premier Soccer League played their inaugural seasons in 2016 & 2017 for the men's and women's teams respectively. Home games are played at War Memorial Stadium.

Little Rock was also home to the Arkansas Twisters (later Arkansas Diamonds) of Arena Football 2 and Indoor Football League and the Arkansas RimRockers of the American Basketball Association and NBA Development League. Both of these teams played at Verizon Arena in North Little Rock.

The city is also home to the Little Rock Trojans, the athletic program of the University of Arkansas at Little Rock. The majority of the school's athletic teams are housed in the Jack Stephens Center, which opened in 2005. As of 2022, the Trojans play in the Ohio Valley Conference.

Little Rock's War Memorial Stadium hosts at least one University of Arkansas Razorback football game each year. The stadium is known for being in the middle of a golf course. Each fall, the city closes the golf course on Razorback football weekends to allow the estimated 80,000 people who attend take part in tailgating activities. War Memorial also hosts the Arkansas High School football state championships, and starting in the fall of 2006 hosts one game apiece for the University of Central Arkansas and the University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff. Arkansas State University also plays at the stadium from time to time.

Little Rock was a host of the First and Second Rounds of the 2008 NCAA men's basketball tournament. It has also been a host of the SEC women's basketball tournament.

The now defunct Arkansas RiverBlades and Arkansas GlacierCats, both minor-league hockey teams, were in the Little Rock area. The GlacierCats of the now defunct Western Professional Hockey League (WPHL) played in Little Rock at Barton Coliseum while the RiverBlades of the ECHL played at the Verizon Arena.

Little Rock is home to the Grande Maumelle Sailing Club. Established in 1959, the club hosts multiple regattas during the year on both Lake Maumelle and the Arkansas River.

Little Rock is also home to the Little Rock Marathon, held on the first Saturday of March every year since 2003. The marathon features the world's largest medal given to marathon participants.

Media

Print

The Arkansas Democrat Gazette is the largest newspaper in the city, as well as the state. As of March 31, 2006, Sunday circulation is 275,991 copies, while daily (Monday-Saturday) circulation is 180,662, according to the Audit Bureau of Circulations. The monthly magazine Arkansas Life, part of the newspaper's niche publications division, began publication in September 2008. From 2007 to 2015, the newspaper also published the free tabloid Sync Weekly. Beginning in 2020, the ADG ceased weekday publication of the newspaper and moved to an exclusive online version. The only physical newspaper the Democrat-Gazette now publishes is a Sunday edition. [31]

The Daily Record provides daily legal and real estate news each weekday. Healthcare news covered by Healthcare Journal of Little Rock. Entertainment and political coverage is provided weekly in Arkansas Times . Business and economics news is published weekly in Arkansas Business. Entertainment, Political, Business, and Economics news is published Monthly in "Arkansas Talks".

In addition to area newspapers, the Little Rock market is served by a variety of magazines covering diverse interests. The publications are:

  • At Home in Arkansas
  • AY Magazine
  • Inviting Arkansas
  • Little Rock Family
  • Little Rock Soiree
  • RealLIVING

Television

Many television networks have local affiliates in Little Rock, in addition to numerous independent stations. As for cable TV services, Comcast has a monopoly over Little Rock and much of Pulaski County. Some suburbs have the option of having Comcast, Charter or other cable companies.

Television stations in the Little Rock area include:

Call lettersNumberNetwork
KETS/AETN 2 PBS
KETS-22.2 Create
Arkansas Information Reading Service (audio only, only on SAP; radio reading service)
KETS-32.3 PBS Kids
KETS-42.4 World
KARK 4 NBC
Laff4.2 Laff
Grit4.3 Grit
Antenna TV4.4 Antenna TV
KATV 7 ABC
KATV-DT27.2 Comet TV
Charge!7.3 Charge!
TBD7.4 TBD
KTHV 11 CBS
THV211.2 Court TV
Justice11.3 Justice Network
Quest11.4 Quest (U.S. TV network)
Circle11.5 Circle (TV network)
Twist11.6 Twist
KLRT 16 Fox
16.2 Escape
KVTN25VTN: Your Arkansas Christian Connection
KASN 38 The CW
KKAP 36 Daystar
KARZ 42 MyNetworkTV
42.2 Bounce TV
42.3 Ion Television
KMYA-DT 49.1 Me-TV

Infrastructure

Healthcare

Hospitals in Little Rock include:

  • Arkansas State Hospital – Psychiatric Division
  • Arkansas Children's Hospital
  • Arkansas Heart Hospital
  • Baptist Health Medical Center
  • Central Arkansas Veteran's Health care System (CAVHS)
  • Pinnacle Pointe Hospital
  • St. Vincent Health System
  • UAMS Medical Center

Transportation

List of highways

I-30 terminates at I-40 in North Little Rock Northern terminus of Interstate 30, Little Rock, AR.jpg
I-30 terminates at I-40 in North Little Rock

Two primary Interstate Highways and four auxiliary Interstates serve Little Rock. Interstate 40 (I-40) passes through North Little Rock to the north, and I-30 enters the city from the south, ending at I-40 in the north of the Arkansas River. Shorter routes designed to accommodate the flow of urban traffic across town include I-430, which bypasses the city to the west, I-440, which serves the eastern part of Little Rock including Clinton National Airport, and I-630 which runs east–west through the city, connecting west Little Rock with the central business district. I-530 runs southeast to Pine Bluff as a spur route. [32] Interstate 57 (I-57) is planned to reach Little Rock.

U.S. Route 70 (US 70 parallels I-40 into North Little Rock before multiplexing with I-30 at the Broadway exit (exit 141B). US 67 and US 167 share the same route from the northeast before splitting. US 67 and US 70 multiplex with I-30 to the southwest. US 167 multiplexes with US 65 and I-530 to the southeast.

Rail

Amtrak serves the city twice daily via the Texas Eagle, with northbound service to Chicago and southbound service to San Antonio, as well as numerous intermediate points. Through service to Los Angeles and intermediate points operates three times a week. The train carries coaches, a sleeping car, a dining car, and a Sightseer Lounge car. Reservations are required.

Class I railroads

Aviation

Seven airlines serve 14 national/international gateway cities, e.g. Atlanta, Dallas, Chicago, Charlotte, Orlando etc. from Clinton National Airport. In 2006 they carried approximately 2.1 million passengers on approximately 116 daily flights to and from Little Rock.

Bus

Greyhound Lines serves Dallas and Memphis, as well as intermediate points, with numerous connections to other cities and towns. Jefferson Lines serves Fort Smith, Kansas City, and Oklahoma City, as well as intermediate points, with numerous connections to other cities and towns. These carriers operate out of the North Little Rock bus station.

Public transportation

The Metro Streetcar crossing the Arkansas River Little Rock streetcar crossing the Arkansas River.jpg
The Metro Streetcar crossing the Arkansas River

Rock Region Metro, which until 2015 was named the Central Arkansas Transit Authority (CATA), provide public bus service within the city. As of January 2010, CATA operated 23 regular fixed routes, 3 express routes, as well as special events shuttle buses and paratransit service for disabled persons.[ citation needed ] Of the 23 fixed-route services, 16 offer daily service, 6 offer weekday service with limited service on Saturday, and one route runs exclusively on weekdays. The three express routes run on weekday mornings and afternoons.

Since November 2004, Rock Region Metro's Metro Streetcar system (formerly the River Rail Electric Streetcar) has served downtown Little Rock and North Little Rock. The Streetcar is a 3.4-mile (5.5 km)-long heritage streetcar system that runs from the North Little Rock City Hall and throughout downtown Little Rock before it crosses over to the William J. Clinton Presidential Library. The streetcar line has fourteen stops and a fleet of five cars with a daily ridership of around 350.

According to the 2016 American Community Survey, 82.9 percent of working Little Rock residents commuted by driving alone, 8.9 percent carpooled, 1.1 percent used public transportation, and 1.8 percent walked. About 1.3 percent commuted by all other means of transportation, including taxi, bicycle, and motorcycle. About 4 percent worked out of the home. [33]

In 2015, 8.2 percent of city of Little Rock households were without a car, which increased slightly to 8.9 percent in 2016. The national average was 8.7 percent in 2016. Little Rock averaged 1.58 cars per household in 2016, compared to a national average of 1.8 per household. [34]

Notable people

Sister cities

Little Rock's sister cities are: [37]

See also

Notes

  1. Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the expected highest and lowest temperature readings at any point during the year or given month) calculated based on data at said location from 1991 to 2020.
  2. Official records for Little Rock began on 28 February 1875 at the State Capitol and maintained there until 30 April 1942. The next day, and until 7 August 1942, temperature and precipitation were recorded separately at two different locations in and around Little Rock, and the official climatology station has been Adams Field since 8 August 1942. For more information, see Threadex

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Arkansas</span> U.S. state

Arkansas is a landlocked state in the South Central United States. It is bordered by Missouri to the north, Tennessee and Mississippi to the east, Louisiana to the south, and Texas and Oklahoma to the west. Its name is from the Osage language, a Dhegiha Siouan language, and referred to their relatives, the Quapaw people. The state's diverse geography ranges from the mountainous regions of the Ozark and Ouachita Mountains, which make up the U.S. Interior Highlands, to the densely forested land in the south known as the Arkansas Timberlands, to the eastern lowlands along the Mississippi River and the Arkansas Delta.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pulaski County, Arkansas</span> County in Arkansas, United States

Pulaski County is located in the U.S. state of Arkansas with a population of 399,125, making it the most populous county in Arkansas. Its county seat is Little Rock, which is also Arkansas's capital and largest city. Pulaski County is Arkansas's fifth county, formed on December 15, 1818, alongside Clark and Hempstead Counties. The county is named for Casimir Pulaski, a Polish volunteer who saved George Washington's life during the American Revolutionary War. Pulaski County is included in the Little Rock–North Little Rock–Conway, AR Metropolitan Statistical Area which had 731,612 people in the 2015 census estimates. The Little Rock, North Little Rock Combined Statistical Area had 904,469 people in the 2015 census estimates.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Conway County, Arkansas</span> County in Arkansas, United States

Conway County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. Created as Arkansas's 11th county on October 20, 1825, Conway County has four incorporated municipalities, including Morrilton, the county seat and most populous city. The county is also the site of numerous unincorporated communities and ghost towns. The county is named for Henry Wharton Conway, a politician from a powerful political family who served as the delegate from the Arkansas Territory to the U.S. Congress from 1823 to 1827.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Scott, Arkansas</span> Census-designated place in Arkansas, United States

Scott is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in Lonoke and Pulaski counties in the central part of the U.S. state of Arkansas. Per the 2020 census, the population was 97. It is part of the Little Rock–North Little Rock–Conway Metropolitan Statistical Area.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jacksonville, Arkansas</span> City in Arkansas, United States

Jacksonville is a city in Pulaski County, Arkansas, United States, and a suburb of Little Rock. As of the 2010 census, the population of the city was 28,364. It is part of the Little Rock–North Little Rock–Conway Metropolitan Statistical Area with 729,135 people as of 2014.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Maumelle, Arkansas</span> City in Arkansas, United States

Maumelle is a city in Pulaski County, Arkansas, United States. As of the 2020 census, the city's population was 19,251. The city is located northwest of Little Rock, bordering the opposite shore of the Arkansas River and is part of the Little Rock metropolitan area.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">North Little Rock, Arkansas</span> City in Arkansas, USA

North Little Rock is a city in Pulaski County, Arkansas, across the Arkansas from Little Rock in the central part of the state. The population was 64,591 at the 2020 census. In 2019 the estimated population was 65,903, making it the seventh-most populous city in the state. North Little Rock, along with Little Rock and Conway, anchors the six-county Little Rock–North Little Rock–Conway Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is further included in the Little Rock-North Little Rock Combined Statistical Area with 902,443 residents.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sherwood, Arkansas</span> City in Arkansas, United States

Sherwood is a city in Pulaski County, Arkansas, United States. As of the 2020 census, the population of the city was 32,731. It is part of the Little Rock−North Little Rock−Conway Metropolitan Statistical Area with 699,757 people according to the 2010 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Central Arkansas</span> Metropolitan area in Arkansas, United States

Central Arkansas, also known as the Little Rock metro, designated by the United States Office of Management and Budget as the Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway Metropolitan Statistical Area, is the most populous metro area in the U.S. state of Arkansas. With an estimated 2020 population of 748,031, it is the most populated area in Arkansas. Located at the convergence of Arkansas's other geographic regions, the region's central location make Central Arkansas an important population, economic, education, and political center in Arkansas and the South. Little Rock is the state's capital and largest city, and the city is also home to two Fortune 500 companies, Arkansas Children's Hospital, and University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (UAMS).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pinnacle Mountain State Park</span> State park in Arkansas, United States

Pinnacle Mountain State Park is a 2,356-acre state park located in Pulaski County, Arkansas just outside of Little Rock. The main attraction is Pinnacle Mountain, an iconic landmark surrounded by the bottomlands of the Big Maumelle and Little Maumelle rivers.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Arkansas Highway 10</span>

Arkansas Highway 10 is an east–west state highway in West Arkansas. The route runs 135.41 miles (217.92 km) from Oklahoma State Highway 120 near Hackett east to Interstate 30 in Little Rock, the state's capitol. The highway serves both the Fort Smith metropolitan area and the Little Rock – North Little Rock – Conway metropolitan area.

Pulaski County Special School District No. 1 (PCSSD) is one of four public school districts in Pulaski County, Arkansas—along with the Little Rock School District, the North Little Rock School District, and the Jacksonville North Pulaski School District—accredited by the Arkansas Department of Education. PCSSD has its headquarters in Sweet Home, an unincorporated area near southeastern Little Rock; the headquarters has a Little Rock postal address.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Natural Steps, Arkansas</span> Census-designated place in Arkansas, United States

Natural Steps is an unincorporated census-designated place in Pulaski County, Arkansas, United States. It is located 18 miles (29 km) northwest of Little Rock along the southern bank of the Arkansas River, on Arkansas Highway 300. Per the 2020 census, the population was 413. Today, it is a small farming community with scattered businesses. Most of the natural steps, a geologic formation, still stand today and are used as a marker for river runners. The Natural Steps are not open to the public for viewing.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Central Arkansas Library System</span> Public library system in Central Arkansas

Central Arkansas Library System (CALS) is a public library system headquartered in Little Rock, Arkansas.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Arkansas Highway 365</span> State highway in Arkansas, U.S.

Arkansas Highway 365 is a north–south state highway in Central Arkansas. The route of 69.31 miles (111.54 km) runs from US 65B/US 79B in Pine Bluff north through Little Rock to US 65B/AR 60 in Conway. The route is a redesignation of former U.S. Route 65, which has since been rerouted onto various Interstate highways through the area. Portions of Highway 365 in Jefferson County are former alignments of the Dollarway Road, which was the longest paved concrete road upon completion in 1913.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Rock Region Metro</span> Transit authority of Little Rock, Arkansas

Rock Region Metropolitan Transit Authority, is the largest transit agency in Arkansas. It was formerly known as the Central Arkansas Transit Authority. Rock Region Metro provides public transportation services within Pulaski County, Arkansas, seven days a week.

Maumelle High School is a public secondary school located in Maumelle, Arkansas, United States, for students in grades nine through twelve. Maumelle is one of four high schools administered by the Pulaski County Special School District and is fed into by Maumelle Middle School.

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Little Rock, Arkansas, USA.

Little Rock, Arkansas is home to numerous neighborhoods. See List of Little Rock Neighborhoods for an exhaustive list.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pinnacle Mountain (Arkansas)</span> Mountain in Pulaski County, Arkansas

Pinnacle Mountain is a 1,011-foot summit and the second highest natural point in Pulaski County, Arkansas; it is also the primary attraction of the 2,356-acre Pinnacle Mountain State Park. Located in the foothills of the Ouachita Mountains approximately 13 miles northwest of downtown Little Rock, Pinnacle Mountain is one of the most distinguishable landforms of the U.S. Interior Highlands.

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Further reading

Government
General information