Pope County, Arkansas

Last updated
Pope County, Arkansas
Pope County Courthouse, Russellville, AR.jpg
Pope County Courthouse
Map of Arkansas highlighting Pope County.svg
Location in the U.S. state of Arkansas
Map of USA AR.svg
Arkansas's location in the U.S.
FoundedNovember 2, 1829
Named for John Pope
Seat Russellville
Largest cityRussellville
Area
  Total831 sq mi (2,152 km2)
  Land813 sq mi (2,106 km2)
  Water18 sq mi (47 km2), 2.2%
Population (est.)
  (2017)63,835
  Density76/sq mi (29/km2)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Central: UTC−6/−5
Website www.popecountyar.com

Pope County is a county in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 61,754. [1] The county seat is Russellville. [2] The county was formed on November 2, 1829, from a portion of Crawford County and named for John Pope, the third governor of the Arkansas Territory. It is an alcohol prohibition or dry county.

County (United States) Subdivision used by most states in the United States of America

In the United States, an administrative or political subdivision of a state is a county, which is a region having specific boundaries and usually some level of governmental authority. The term "county" is used in 48 U.S. states, while Louisiana and Alaska have functionally equivalent subdivisions called parishes and boroughs respectively.

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders. Four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names.

Arkansas State of the United States of America

Arkansas is a state in the southern region of the United States, home to over 3 million people as of 2018. Its name is of Siouan derivation from the language of the Osage denoting their related kin, the Quapaw Indians. The state's diverse geography ranges from the mountainous regions of the Ozark and the Ouachita Mountains, which make up the U.S. Interior Highlands, to the densely forested land in the south known as the Arkansas Timberlands, to the eastern lowlands along the Mississippi River and the Arkansas Delta.

Contents

Pope County is part of the Russellville, AR Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Civil War and Reconstruction

A large Democratic majority was ardently split into a "town or country" dichotomy at the local level. Further, the county was split between Union and Confederate sympathizers, with deep grudges held by both sides for grievances committed during the opposite's rule during the war. After the war, Republicans controlled local government and the Democrats controlled the county economy. The political situation and cultural differences kept tensions high between the groups, occasionally resulting in violence. The most violent episode came to be known as the Pope County Militia War, a six-month drama involving robbery, plundering and murder. The state-controlled militia eventually arrived to enforce martial law in the county, making the local Democrats who were providing armed resistance to Governor Powell Clayton's Republican army heroes to Confederate sympathizers around the state. [3]

Powell Clayton Union Army general

Powell Foulk Clayton was an American politician and diplomat who served as a Radical Republican Governor of Arkansas during the Reconstruction Era from 1868 to 1871, a United States Senator from Arkansas from 1871 to 1877 and as United States Ambassador to Mexico from 1899 to 1905. He was an officer in the Union Army during the U.S. Civil War, fought in battles in Missouri and Arkansas and was promoted to Brigadier General. Clayton retired to Eureka Springs, Arkansas and promoted the development of the resort town through his activity in the Eureka Springs Improvement Company and the Eureka Springs Railroad.

Republican Party of Arkansas

The Republican Party of Arkansas (RPA) is the affiliate of the United States Republican Party in Arkansas.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 831 square miles (2,150 km2), of which 813 square miles (2,110 km2) is land and 18 square miles (47 km2) (2.2%) is water. [4]

Major highways

Arkansas Highway 7 highway in Arkansas

Highway 7 is a north–south state highway that runs across the state of Arkansas. As Arkansas's longest state highway, the route runs 297.27 miles (478.41 km) from Louisiana Highway 558 at the Louisiana state line north to Bull Shoals Lake at Diamond City near the Missouri state line. With the exception of the segment north of Harrison, Highway 7 has been designated as an Arkansas Scenic Byway and a National Forest Scenic Byway. The road passes through the heart of both the Ozark Mountains and the Ouachita Mountains, and features scenic views. It's the route favored by motorcycle riders touring the region.

Arkansas Highway 16 highway in Arkansas

Highway 16 is an east–west state highway in Arkansas. The route begins in Siloam Springs at US Highway 412 (US 412) and Highway 59 and runs east through Fayetteville and the Ozark National Forest to US Highway 67 Business (US 67B) in Searcy. Highway 16 was created during the 1926 Arkansas state highway numbering, and today serves as a narrow, winding, 2-lane road except for overlaps of 10 miles (16 km) through Fayetteville. Much of the highway winds through the Ozarks, including the Ozark National Forest, where a portion of the highway is designated as an Arkansas Scenic Byway. The route has a short spur route in Siloam Springs designated as Highway 16 Spur.

Arkansas Highway 27 highway in Arkansas

Arkansas Highway 27 is a designation for two north–south state highways in Arkansas. One route begins at US Highway 59 (US 59) and US 71 near Ben Lomond north to Highway 7 in Dardanelle. A second segment begins at Highway 7 in Dover and runs north to Highway 14 at Harriet. An original Arkansas state highway, Highway 27 was created as one continuous route in 1926, but was split around Russellville in 1961.

Adjacent counties

Newton County, Arkansas County in the United States

Newton County is a county in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 8,330. The county seat is Jasper. Newton County is Arkansas's 46th county, formed on December 14, 1842, and named for Thomas W. Newton, an Arkansas Congressman. It is an alcohol prohibition or dry county.

Searcy County, Arkansas County in the United States

Searcy County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 8,195. The county seat is Marshall. The county was formed December 13, 1838, from a portion of Marion County and named for Richard Searcy, the first clerk and judge in the Arkansas Territory. The city of Searcy, Arkansas, some seventy miles away, shares the name despite having never been part of Searcy County. The county is an alcohol prohibition or dry county.

Van Buren County, Arkansas County in the United States

Van Buren County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 17,295. The county seat is Clinton. The county was formed on November 11, 1833, and named for Martin Van Buren, President of the United States, who was Vice President at the time of the county's formation. It is an alcohol prohibition or dry county.

National protected areas

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1830 1,483
1840 2,85092.2%
1850 4,71065.3%
1860 7,88367.4%
1870 8,3866.4%
1880 14,32270.8%
1890 19,45835.9%
1900 21,71511.6%
1910 24,52712.9%
1920 27,15310.7%
1930 26,547−2.2%
1940 25,682−3.3%
1950 23,291−9.3%
1960 21,177−9.1%
1970 28,60735.1%
1980 39,02136.4%
1990 45,88317.6%
2000 54,46918.7%
2010 61,75413.4%
Est. 201763,835 [5] 3.4%
U.S. Decennial Census [6]
1790–1960 [7] 1900–1990 [8]
1990–2000 [9] 2010–2017 [5]
Age pyramid Pope County USA Pope County, Arkansas age pyramid.svg
Age pyramid Pope County

As of the 2000 census, [11] there were 54,469 people, 20,701 households, and 15,008 families residing in the county. The population density was 67 people per square mile (26/km²). There were 22,851 housing units at an average density of 28 per square mile (11/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.73% White, 2.61% Black or African American, 0.68% Native American, 0.64% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.93% from other races, and 1.39% from two or more races. 2.06% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 20,701 households out of which 34.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.60% were married couples living together, 10.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.50% were non-families. 23.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.50% under the age of 18, 11.60% from 18 to 24, 28.20% from 25 to 44, 21.90% from 45 to 64, and 12.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,069, and the median income for a family was $39,055. Males had a median income of $29,914 versus $19,307 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,918. About 11.60% of families and 15.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.80% of those under age 18 and 14.00% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Presidential elections results
Pope County, Arkansas
vote by party in presidential elections [12]
Year GOP Dem Others
2016 72.03%16,25622.15% 5,0005.82% 1,313
2012 72.23%14,76325.08% 5,1262.69% 550
2008 70.51%15,56827.18% 6,0022.31% 509
2004 65.13%13,61433.97% 7,1000.90% 188
2000 61.04%11,24436.20% 6,6692.77% 509
1996 43.75% 8,24344.76%8,43311.49% 2,164
1992 45.10%8,05643.13% 7,70411.77% 2,102
1988 66.68%10,08432.67% 4,9410.65% 98
1984 67.28%10,66732.05% 5,0820.67% 106
1980 50.72%7,21744.72% 6,3644.56% 649
1976 34.15% 4,34865.62%8,3550.23% 29
1972 67.52%6,91732.23% 3,3020.24% 25
1968 38.30%3,31929.75% 2,57831.95% 2,769
1964 34.07% 2,65163.91%4,9722.02% 157
1960 46.04% 2,57349.38%2,7604.58% 256
1956 44.94% 2,26754.57%2,7530.50% 25
1952 42.27% 2,22657.65%3,0360.08% 4
1948 20.56% 76467.95%2,52511.49% 427
1944 28.14% 80571.58%2,0480.28% 8
1940 16.88% 77082.55%3,7650.57% 26
1936 11.49% 34888.38%2,6780.13% 4
1932 10.36% 28088.49%2,3911.15% 31
1928 36.11% 1,55963.35%2,7350.53% 23
1924 21.23% 47970.08%1,5818.69% 196
1920 34.24% 1,12063.65%2,0822.11% 69
1916 26.71% 78373.29%2,1480.00% 0
1912 13.14% 33459.70%1,51727.15% 690
1908 31.56% 81164.75%1,6643.70% 95
1904 36.64% 85061.38%1,4241.98% 46
1900 30.68% 83568.74%1,8710.59% 16
1896 24.60% 76274.75%2,3150.65% 20

Communities

Cities

Towns

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Townships in Pope County, Arkansas as of 2010 Pope County Arkansas 2010 Township Map large.jpg
Townships in Pope County, Arkansas as of 2010

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas; some may have incorporated cities or towns within part of their boundaries. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (sometimes referred to as "county subdivisions" or "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Pope County are listed below; listed in parentheses are the cities, towns, and/or census-designated place s that are fully or partially inside the township. [13] [14]

Pope County formerly included 10 more townships. Allen Township was moved into Hogan Township around 1910, and Hill Township, Galla Creek Township, Independence Township, Lee Township, North Fork Township, Sand Spring Township, and Sulphur Township were also formerly active townships in Pope County. Holla Bend Township, containing the Holla Bend National Wildlife Refuge, has also been disbanded.

Township FIPS  code ANSI  code
(GNIS  ID)
Population
center(s)
Pop.
(2010)
Pop.
density
(/mi²)
Pop.
density
(/km²)
Land area
(mi²)
Land area
(km²)
Water area
(mi²)
Water area
(km²)
Geographic coordinates
Bayliss 05-90159 69697 70824.69.528.8174.620.09790.2536 35°24′10″N93°14′06″W / 35.40278°N 93.23500°W / 35.40278; -93.23500
Burnett 05-90558 69698 45220.98.121.6556.070.10510.2722 35°19′10″N92°52′33″W / 35.31944°N 92.87583°W / 35.31944; -92.87583
Center 05-90735 69699 51536.814.213.9936.230.03390.0878 35°24′20″N92°57′16″W / 35.40556°N 92.95444°W / 35.40556; -92.95444
Clark 05-90813 69700 London 2969115.344.625.7366.646.044415.6549 35°19′45″N93°14′46″W / 35.32917°N 93.24611°W / 35.32917; -93.24611
Convenience 05-90921 69701 93350.419.418.5347.990.09420.2440 35°20′00″N92°56′41″W / 35.33333°N 92.94472°W / 35.33333; -92.94472
Dover 05-91134 69702 Dover 5277119.146.044.29114.70.36370.9420 35°23′30″N93°07′01″W / 35.39167°N 93.11694°W / 35.39167; -93.11694
Freeman 05-91377 69703 980.80.3119.78310.20.00000.0000 35°39′10″N93°04′06″W / 35.65278°N 93.06833°W / 35.65278; -93.06833
Galla 05-91407 69704 Pottsville 352388.734.339.71102.81.84104.7682 35°13′15″N93°02′46″W / 35.22083°N 93.04611°W / 35.22083; -93.04611
Griffin 05-91536 69705 90126.510.233.9687.960.11060.2865 35°25′30″N92°52′36″W / 35.42500°N 92.87667°W / 35.42500; -92.87667
Gum Log 05-91560 69706 142071.627.619.8451.390.01420.0368 35°16′30″N92°59′51″W / 35.27500°N 92.99750°W / 35.27500; -92.99750
Illinois 05-91812 69707 Russellville 25841540.9208.947.77123.76.602217.0996 35°17′00″N93°07′46″W / 35.28333°N 93.12944°W / 35.28333; -93.12944
Jackson 05-91875 69708 Hector 119111.54.4103.72268.60.05050.1308 35°29′20″N92°57′01″W / 35.48889°N 92.95028°W / 35.48889; -92.95028
Liberty 05-92181 69709 80514.25.556.64146.70.00280.0073 35°29′40″N93°03′16″W / 35.49444°N 93.05444°W / 35.49444; -93.05444
Martin 05-92415 69710 148223.79.262.46161.80.39311.0181 35°28′25″N93°10′06″W / 35.47361°N 93.16833°W / 35.47361; -93.16833
Moreland 05-92553 69711 70052.220.213.4034.710.06830.1769 35°21′30″N92°59′46″W / 35.35833°N 92.99611°W / 35.35833; -92.99611
Phoenix 05-92871 69712 33426.710.312.5132.400.00000.0000 35°24′30″N93°00′31″W / 35.40833°N 93.00861°W / 35.40833; -93.00861
Smyrna 05-93420 69713 1732.40.970.69183.10.02180.0565 35°38′10″N92°53′46″W / 35.63611°N 92.89611°W / 35.63611; -92.89611
Valley 05-93765 69714 2776125.748.522.0957.210.01440.0373 35°20′05″N93°02′46″W / 35.33472°N 93.04611°W / 35.33472; -93.04611
Wilson 05-94089 69715 Atkins 437177.630.056.32145.93.03057.8490 35°13′30″N92°55′01″W / 35.22500°N 92.91694°W / 35.22500; -92.91694
Source: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division.

See also

Notes

  1. "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 19, 2014.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. Arsenault 1988, p. 29.
  4. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  5. 1 2 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved November 8, 2018.
  6. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  7. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  8. Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  9. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  10. Based on 2000 census data
  11. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  12. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections" . Retrieved November 18, 2016.
  13. 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): Pope County, AR (PDF) (Map). U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-10-19. Retrieved 2011-08-18.
  14. "Arkansas: 2010 Census Block Maps - County Subdivision". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved June 28, 2014.

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References

Coordinates: 35°25′35″N93°01′55″W / 35.42639°N 93.03194°W / 35.42639; -93.03194