White County, Arkansas

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White County, Arkansas
WhiteCoARCourthouse.JPG
White County Courthouse and Confederate monument in Searcy
White-county-flag.jpg
Flag
White-county-seal.gif
Seal
Map of Arkansas highlighting White County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Arkansas
Map of USA AR.svg
Arkansas's location within the U.S.
FoundedOctober 23, 1835
Named for Hugh Lawson White
Seat Searcy
Largest citySearcy
Area
  Total1,042 sq mi (2,699 km2)
  Land1,035 sq mi (2,681 km2)
  Water7.1 sq mi (18 km2), 0.7%
Population (est.)
  (2016)79,263
  Density75/sq mi (29/km2)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC−6/−5
Website www.whitecountyar.org

White County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 77,076. [1] The county seat is Searcy. [2] White County is Arkansas's 31st county, formed on October 23, 1835, from portions of Independence, Jackson, and Pulaski counties and named for Hugh Lawson White, a Whig candidate for President of the United States. It is an alcohol prohibition or dry county, though a few private establishments (such as the Searcy Country Club, and Veterans of Foreign Wars posts in Searcy and Beebe) can serve alcohol.

County (United States) Subdivision used by most states in the United States of America

In the United States, an administrative or political subdivision of a state is a county, which is a region having specific boundaries and usually some level of governmental authority. The term "county" is used in 48 U.S. states, while Louisiana and Alaska have functionally equivalent subdivisions called parishes and boroughs respectively.

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders. Four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names.

Arkansas State of the United States of America

Arkansas is a state in the southern region of the United States, home to over 3 million people as of 2018. Its name is of Siouan derivation from the language of the Osage denoting their related kin, the Quapaw Indians. The state's diverse geography ranges from the mountainous regions of the Ozark and the Ouachita Mountains, which make up the U.S. Interior Highlands, to the densely forested land in the south known as the Arkansas Timberlands, to the eastern lowlands along the Mississippi River and the Arkansas Delta.

Contents

White County comprises the Searcy, AR Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Little Rock-North Little Rock, AR Combined Statistical Area.

Little Rock, Arkansas Capital of Arkansas

Little Rock is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Arkansas. As the county seat of Pulaski County, the city was incorporated on November 7, 1831, on the south bank of the Arkansas River close to the state's geographic center. The city derives its name from a rock formation along the river, named the "Little Rock" by the French explorer Jean-Baptiste Bénard de la Harpe in the 1720s. The capital of the Arkansas Territory was moved to Little Rock from Arkansas Post in 1821. The city's population was 198,541 in 2016 according to the United States Census Bureau. The six-county Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) is ranked 78th in terms of population in the United States with 738,344 residents according to the 2017 estimate by the United States Census Bureau.

North Little Rock, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

North Little Rock is a city in Pulaski County, Arkansas, United States, across the Arkansas River from Little Rock in the central part of the state. The population was 62,304 at the 2010 census. In 2017 the estimated population was 65,911, making it the seventh-most populous city in the state. North Little Rock, along with Little Rock and Conway, anchors the six-county Little Rock–North Little Rock–Conway Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is further included in the Little Rock-North Little Rock Combined Statistical Area with 902,443 residents.

The 45th and current White County Judge is Michael Lincoln of Searcy, who assumed office in January 2007.

History

On May 17, 1862, White County was the site of the Little Red Skirmish between Union Major General Samuel J Curtis and a force of about 100 loosely-organized rebels, followed by the Action at Whitney Lane in June. [3] also known as The Skirmish at Searcy Landing. [4]

In 1958, Odell Pollard, a retired attorney from Searcy, exposed corrupt election practices at Bald Knob, a small city in White County. Election workers cast "absentee ballots" for some 30 pipeline construction workers and their spouses. However, the workers were outside of Arkansas at the time of the election, which had a prohibition measure on the ballot. The voters never cast absentee votes, according to their affidavits presented by Pollard to the White County prosecutor. No action was taken until after the statute of limitations had expired, when the charges were moot. Pollard said the fraud case made him to switch his partisan affiliation from Democrat to Republican. From 1966 to 1970, Pollard was the state party chairman, and from 1973 to 1976, he was the Arkansas Republican National Committeeman. [5]

Odell Pollard American political activist

Odell Pollard was an attorney in Searcy in White County in central Arkansas, who was a pioneer in the revitalization of the Arkansas Republican Party in the 1960s and 1970s.

Bald Knob, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Bald Knob is a city in White County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 2,897 at the 2010 census. Located at the intersection of two of the state's natural regions, Bald Knob is often promoted as "where the Ozarks meet the Delta". Bald Knob is also a leading strawberry producer in the state, known for its yearly Strawberry Fest held during Mother's Day weekend. It was once known as the leading strawberry producer in the world. Bald Knob was established in 1881.

Prohibition the outlawing of the consumption, sale, production etc. of alcohol

Prohibition is the act or practice of forbidding something by law; more particularly the term refers to the banning of the manufacture, storage, transportation, sale, possession, and consumption of alcoholic beverages. The word is also used to refer to a period of time during which such bans are enforced.

In 1988, White County elected virtually an entire slate of Republicans to county offices. Though such Republican sweeps had frequently occurred in northern and northwestern Arkansas, White County was the first in the Little Rock area to turn to Republican as the party steadily made inroads toward a two-party system. [6]

A two-party system is a party system where two major political parties dominate the government. One of the two parties typically holds a majority in the legislature and is usually referred to as the majority or governing party while the other is the minority or opposition party. Around the world, the term has different senses. For example, in the United States, Jamaica, and Malta, the sense of two-party system describes an arrangement in which all or nearly all elected officials belong to one of the only two major parties, and third parties rarely win any seats in the legislature. In such arrangements, two-party systems are thought to result from various factors like winner-takes-all election rules. In such systems, while chances for third-party candidates winning election to major national office are remote, it is possible for groups within the larger parties, or in opposition to one or both of them, to exert influence on the two major parties. In contrast, in the United Kingdom and Australia and in other parliamentary systems and elsewhere, the term two-party system is sometimes used to indicate an arrangement in which two major parties dominate elections but in which there are viable third parties which do win seats in the legislature, and in which the two major parties exert proportionately greater influence than their percentage of votes would suggest.

A portion of White County is represented in the Arkansas State Senate by the Republican Ronald R. Caldwell, a real estate businessman from Wynne in Cross County.

Real estate is "property consisting of land and the buildings on it, along with its natural resources such as crops, minerals or water; immovable property of this nature; an interest vested in this (also) an item of real property, buildings or housing in general. Also: the business of real estate; the profession of buying, selling, or renting land, buildings, or housing." It is a legal term used in jurisdictions whose legal system is derived from English common law, such as India, England, Wales, Northern Ireland, United States, Canada, Pakistan, Australia, and New Zealand.

Wynne, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Wynne is the county seat and largest city of Cross County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 8,367 at the 2010 Census. Nestled between the Arkansas Delta and Crowley's Ridge, Wynne is the closest city to the second largest state park in Arkansas, Village Creek State Park.

Cross County, Arkansas County in the United States

Cross County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 17,870. The county seat is Wynne. Cross County is Arkansas's 53rd county, formed on 15 November 1862 and named for Confederate Colonel David C. Cross, a political leader in the area.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,042 square miles (2,700 km2), of which 1,035 square miles (2,680 km2) is land and 7.1 square miles (18 km2) (0.7%) is water. [7] It is the second-largest county by area in Arkansas.

Major highways

Adjacent counties

National and state protected areas

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1840 929
1850 2,619181.9%
1860 8,316217.5%
1870 10,34724.4%
1880 17,79472.0%
1890 22,94629.0%
1900 24,8648.4%
1910 28,57414.9%
1920 34,60321.1%
1930 38,26910.6%
1940 37,176−2.9%
1950 38,0402.3%
1960 32,745−13.9%
1970 39,25319.9%
1980 50,83529.5%
1990 54,6767.6%
2000 67,16522.8%
2010 77,07614.8%
Est. 201679,263 [9] 2.8%
U.S. Decennial Census [10]
1790–1960 [11] 1900–1990 [12]
1990–2000 [13] 2010–2016 [1]
Age pyramid White County USA White County, Arkansas age pyramid.svg
Age pyramid White County

As of the 2000 United States Census, [15] there were 67,165 people, 25,148 households, and 18,408 families residing in the county. The population density was 65 people per square mile (25/km²). There were 27,613 housing units at an average density of 27 per square mile (10/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.52% White, 3.56% Black or African American, 0.43% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.82% from other races, and 1.31% from two or more races. 1.88% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 25,148 households out of which 33.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.90% were married couples living together, 9.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.80% were non-families. 23.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.40% under the age of 18, 12.80% from 18 to 24, 27.20% from 25 to 44, 21.90% from 45 to 64, and 13.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,203, and the median income for a family was $38,782. Males had a median income of $29,884 versus $20,323 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,890. About 10.40% of families and 14.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.10% of those under age 18 and 14.30% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Presidential elections results
White County, Arkansas
vote by party in presidential elections [16]
Year GOP Dem Others
2016 75.28%21,07718.46% 5,1706.26% 1,752
2012 75.47%20,01121.74% 5,7652.78% 738
2008 72.22%19,46724.97% 6,7322.80% 756
2004 64.34%17,00134.55% 9,1291.12% 295
2000 59.46%13,17037.66% 8,3422.88% 638
1996 41.25% 8,65948.61%10,20410.14% 2,128
1992 39.60% 8,53848.67%10,49411.74% 2,531
1988 60.84%11,09438.15% 6,9571.00% 183
1984 64.66%12,56633.97% 6,6031.37% 266
1980 46.66% 8,07950.54%8,7502.79% 484
1976 29.42% 4,75670.58%11,412
1972 67.24%8,70132.15% 4,1610.61% 79
1968 32.02% 3,88726.34% 3,19841.63%5,054
1964 42.99% 5,02356.20%6,5660.81% 95
1960 40.52% 3,98553.33%5,2446.15% 605
1956 43.58% 3,81355.94%4,8950.48% 42
1952 40.79% 2,88459.11%4,1790.10% 7
1948 18.01% 83369.04%3,19312.95% 599
1944 34.71% 1,34665.29%2,5320.00% 0
1940 20.64% 87678.80%3,3450.57% 24
1936 17.57% 53582.20%2,5030.23% 7
1932 11.61% 43087.75%3,2510.65% 24
1928 45.73% 1,95753.73%2,2990.54% 23
1924 27.69% 67960.69%1,48811.62% 285
1920 37.82% 1,35958.06%2,0864.12% 148
1916 19.25% 67380.75%2,8230.00% 0
1912 15.10% 38057.53%1,44827.37% 689
1908 29.20% 88758.85%1,78811.95% 363
1904 31.40% 67657.50%1,23811.10% 239
1900 30.26% 81163.21%1,6946.53% 175
1896 16.16% 55983.12%2,8760.72% 25

Economy

One of the state's largest banks, First Security Bank, was established in Searcy in 1932 as Security Bank. First Security now has over $4 billion in assets and 70 locations in Arkansas.

Regional ice cream producer and distributor Yarnell Ice Cream Co. has its headquarters in the Searcy's downtown area.

Latina Imports and Latina Nursery are also located in Searcy and is one of the largest female, Hispanic-owned companies in Arkansas.

The first Wal-Mart distribution center away from the corporate headquarters in Bentonville was established in Searcy.

Education

Public education

Public education is provided by several public school districts including:

Private education

  • Lighthouse Christian Academy, Beebe, Pentecostal
  • Sunshine School, Searcy
  • Trinity Christian School, Bradford, Baptist

Colleges and universities

Communities

Cities

Towns

Unincorporated communities

  • Albion — north-central White County, between Four Mile Hill or "Boothill" and Pangburn, and north of Letona, along Arkansas Highway 16 and surrounding county roads
  • Antioch — western White County, north of Beebe, along Arkansas Highways 31 and 267 and surrounding county roads
  • Andrews
  • Bare Stone
  • Barrentine Corner
  • Bee Rock
  • Belcher
  • Center Hill — central White County, approximately 8 miles west of Searcy, situated along Arkansas Highway 36 and 305 and surrounding county roads
  • Clay
  • Conant
  • Crosby
  • Dewey
  • Dogwood
  • Doniphan
  • El Paso — southwestern White County, situated along Arkansas Highway 5 and U.S. Highway 64 West
  • Enright
  • Essex
  • Floyd — western White County, approximately 8 miles southeast of Romance, along Arkansas Highways 31 and 305 and surrounding county roads
  • Four Mile Hill or "Boot Hill" — central White County, northwest of Searcy and southeast of Albion, along Arkansas Highway 16 and surrounding county roads
  • Georgia Ridge — home community of Arkansas State Representative Charlotte Douglas of District 75 in Crawford County
  • Gravel Hill — western White County, northwest of Floyd and south of Joy, situated between Arkansas Highways 31 and 36 along Gravel Hill Road and surrounding county roads
  • Hammondsville — western White County, between Romance and El Paso, primarily situated along Hammons Chapel Road (connecting Highway 5 and El Paso Road)
  • Happy
  • Harmony — central White County, southwest of Center Hill, situated along Arkansas Highway 305 and surrounding county roads
  • Hart
  • Hickory Flat
  • Holly Springs
  • Joy — central White County, between Rose Bud and Center Hill, situated along Arkansas Highway 36 and surrounding county roads
  • Keeler Corner
  • Liberty Valley — eastern White County, between Bald Knob and the White River, along U.S. Highway 64 East and surrounding county roads
  • Little Red
  • Midway
  • Mitchell Corner
  • Morning Sun — annexed to Higginson in 2008
  • Nimmo
  • Opal — southwestern White County, between El Paso and Beebe, along U.S. Highway 64 West and Opal Road and surrounding county roads
  • Pickens — north-central White County, between Sidon and Letona, along Arkansas Highway 310 (Pickens Chapel Road) and Pickens Road and surrounding county roads
  • Plainview — northeastern White County, north of Judsonia, along Arkansas Highways 157 and 385 and surrounding county roads
  • Pryor
  • Providence — northeastern White County, north of Judsonia and northwest of Bald Knob, along Arkansas Highways 157 and 258 and surrounding county roads; site of White County Central Schools
  • Rio Vista
  • Romance — western White County, between Rose Bud and El Paso, along Arkansas Highways 5 and 31 and surrounding county roads
  • Showalter's Corner
  • Sidon — north-central White County, west of Pickens and north of Joy, along Arkansas Highway 310 and surrounding county roads
  • Smyrna
  • Steprock
  • Sunnydale
  • Twentythree
  • Velvet Ridge — northeastern White County, north of Bald Knob, along U.S. Highway 167 and surrounding county roads
  • Vinity Corner — south-central White County, south of Garner and southeast of McRae, along West Vinity Road, North Vinity Road, and other county roads southeast of Arkansas Highway 367
  • Walker — southeastern White County, south of Higginson and west of Griffithville, along Arkansas Highway 11 (Walker Road) and surrounding county roads
  • Worden
  • Wright's Corner

Historic towns

  • Beeler Ferry
  • Bethel Grove
  • Denmark
  • Jasmine
  • Mount Pisgah
  • Old Stoney Point
  • Roosevelt
  • Russell
  • Union Hill

Townships

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas; some may have incorporated cities or towns within part of their boundaries. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (sometimes referred to as "county subdivisions" or "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of White County are listed below; listed in parentheses are the cities, towns, and/or census-designated place s that are fully or partially inside the township. [17] [18]

Source: [19]

See also

Related Research Articles

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Beebe, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Beebe is a city in White County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 7,315 at the 2010 census, making it the second most populous in the county. The city is home to a branch campus of Jonesboro-based Arkansas State University.

Griffithville, Arkansas Town in Arkansas, United States

Griffithville is a town in White County, Arkansas, United States. Windle Porter is the current mayor. The population was 262 at the 2000 census.

Judsonia, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Judsonia is a city in White County, Arkansas, United States. Ronnie Schlem is the current mayor. The population was 2,019 at the 2010 census.

Kensett, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Kensett is a city in White County, Arkansas, United States. Located adjacent to the east side of Searcy, the city is the hometown of noted legislator Wilbur D. Mills, who was influential throughout the 1960s and 1970s in the United States House of Representatives.

Searcy, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Searcy is the largest city and county seat of White County, Arkansas, United States. According to 2014 Census Bureau estimates, the population of the city is 23,768. It is the principal city of the Searcy, AR Micropolitan Statistical Area which encompasses all of White County. The city takes its name from Richard Searcy, a judge for the Superior Court of the Arkansas Territory. A college town, Searcy is the home of Harding University and ASU-Searcy.

Romance, Arkansas unincorporated community in Arkansas, United States

Romance is an unincorporated community in west-central White County, Arkansas, United States. The community is located approximately halfway between the town of Rose Bud to the north, and the unincorporated community of El Paso to the south. Alternately, the community is about 16 miles (26 km) northwest of Beebe, and less than 5 miles (8.0 km) east of Mount Vernon.

El Paso, Arkansas human settlement in Arkansas, United States of America

El Paso is an unincorporated community in southwestern White County, Arkansas, United States. Its name is Spanish for "the pass", referring to a small gap in the hills on the community's northern edge. Once known as Peach Orchard Gap in its early settlement, the origin of El Paso's Spanish name is unknown.

Floyd, Arkansas unincorporated community in Arkansas, United States

Floyd is an unincorporated community in western White County, Arkansas, United States. The rural community is situated along Highways 31 and 305, in addition to the county-maintained El Paso Road. Though relatively small, the community maintains a variety of activities and institutions throughout the year, notably its annual parade and display of fireworks during Independence Day.

U.S. Route 64 in Arkansas highway in Arkansas

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Arkansas Highway 13 highway in Arkansas

Highway 13 is a designation for three state highways in the central part of the U.S. state of Arkansas. The longest segment of 54.58 miles (87.84 km) travels from U.S. Route 79 (US 79) in Humphrey to Campground Road east of Beebe. There exists two short segments in White County; one traveling 9.90 miles (15.93 km) from Highway 367 in McRae to Highway 36 in Searcy and the other traveling 6.13 miles (9.87 km) from Highway 367 in Judsonia to Highway 258.

Arkansas Highway 385 highway in Arkansas

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First Security Bank

First Security Bank is a privately held company based in Searcy, Arkansas. It currently operates 72 locations across the state of Arkansas and is a division of Arkansas’ fifth largest bank holding company, First Security Bancorp. First Security owns the recognizable First Security Center in Downtown Little Rock, located in the historic River Market District.

Reed Township, Washington County, Arkansas Township in Arkansas, United States

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Happy, Arkansas Unincorporated community in Arkansas, United States

Happy is an unincorporated community in White County, Arkansas, United States. Happy is located along Arkansas Highway 385, 2.9 miles (4.7 km) north of Griffithville and 7.5 miles (12.1 km) southeast of Searcy.

Riverview School District is a public school district based in Searcy, Arkansas, United States. The Riverview School District provides early childhood, elementary and secondary education for more than 1,300 pre-kindergarten through grade 12 students throughout southeast White County at its campuses in eastern Searcy, Kensett, and Judsonia. It also serves Griffithville.

White County Central School District is a public school district based in unincorporated White County, Arkansas, United States, near the Providence community, north of Judsonia. The district encompasses 59.32 square miles (153.6 km2) of land including a small northwestern portion of the city limits of Judsonia. Schools in the district provide early childhood, elementary and secondary education to Providence and Steprock, as well as surrounding unincorporated communities in central White County along the Arkansas Highway 157 corridor, and near Pangburn and Bald Knob.

Highway 36 is a state highway in Central Arkansas. The highway begins at U.S. Highway 64 (US 64) at Hamlet and runs east through several small communities and briefly overlaps with US 64/US 67/US 167 before state maintenance ends at the small community of Georgetown. This highway is maintained by the Arkansas Department of Transportation (ARDOT).

References

  1. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 19, 2014.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. "Skirmish at Little Red River (May 17, 1862)". Encyclopedia of Arkansas. 2011-09-13. Retrieved 2018-11-30.
  4. "Action at Whitney's Lane". Encyclopedia of Arkansas. Retrieved 2018-11-30.
  5. Statement of Odell Pollard, Searcy attorney, December 30, 2009
  6. Osro Cobb, Osro Cobb of Arkansas: Memoirs of Historical Significance, Carol Griffee, ed. (Little Rock, Arkansas: Rose Publishing Company, 1989), p. 114
  7. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  8. "Wildlife Management Areas". AGFC. Archived from the original on 2010-02-01. Retrieved 2013-07-10.
  9. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  10. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  11. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  12. Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  13. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  14. Based on 2000 census data
  15. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  16. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections" . Retrieved November 18, 2016.
  17. 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): White County, AR (PDF) (Map). U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-10-19. Retrieved 2011-08-24.
  18. "Arkansas: 2010 Census Block Maps - County Subdivision". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved May 29, 2014.
  19. "Summary Population and Housing Characteristics, CPH-1-5, Arkansas" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing . United States Census Bureau. September 2012. Retrieved May 31, 2014.External link in |work= (help)

Coordinates: 35°15′21″N91°44′05″W / 35.25583°N 91.73472°W / 35.25583; -91.73472