Arkansas House of Representatives

Last updated
Arkansas House of Representatives
92nd Arkansas General Assembly
Seal of Arkansas.svg
Type
Type
Term limits
16 Years (both houses)
History
New session started
January 14, 2019
Leadership
Speaker of the House
Mathew Shepherd (R)
since January 2015
Speaker pro Tempore
Jon Eubanks (R)
since January 2015
Majority Leader
Marcus E Richmond (R)
since January 2015
Minority Leader
Charles Blake (D)
since January 2017
Structure
Seats100
House Diagram 2017 State of Arkansas.svg
Political groups
Majority

Minority

Length of term
2 years
AuthorityArticle 8, Section 2, Arkansas Constitution
Salary$39,399.84/year + per diem
Elections
Last election
November 8, 2016
(100 seats)
Next election
November 6, 2018
(100 seats)
Redistricting Arkansas Board of Apportionment and Arkansas General Assembly
Meeting place
Arkansas House of Representatives.png
House of Representatives Chamber
Arkansas State Capitol
Little Rock, Arkansas
Website
Arkansas House of Representatives

The Arkansas House of Representatives is the lower house of the Arkansas General Assembly, the state legislature of the US state of Arkansas. The House is composed of 100 members elected from an equal amount of constituencies across the state. Each district has an average population of 29,159 according to the 2010 federal census. Members are elected to two-year terms and, since the 2014 Amendment to the Arkansas Constitution, limited to sixteen years cumulative in either house. [1]

A lower house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the upper house.

Arkansas General Assembly legislature of Arkansas

The Arkansas General Assembly is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Arkansas. The legislature is a bicameral body composed of the upper house Arkansas Senate with 35 members, and the lower Arkansas House of Representatives with 100 members. All 135 representatives and state senators represent an equal amount of constituent districts. The General Assembly convenes on the second Monday of every other year. A session lasts for 60 days unless the legislature votes to extend it. The Governor of Arkansas can issue a "call" for a special session during the interims between regular sessions. The General Assembly meets at the Arkansas State Capitol in Little Rock.

State legislature (United States) legislature of a U.S. state

A state legislature in the United States is the legislative body of any of the 50 U.S. states. The formal name varies from state to state. In 25 states, the legislature is simply called the Legislature, or the State Legislature, while in 19 states, the legislature is called the General Assembly. In Massachusetts and New Hampshire, the legislature is called the General Court, while North Dakota and Oregon designate the legislature the Legislative Assembly.

Contents

The Arkansas House of Representatives meets annually, in regular session in odd number years and for a fiscal session in even number years, at the State Capitol in Little Rock. [2]

Arkansas State Capitol meeting place of the Arkansas General Assembly

The Arkansas State Capitol, often called the Capitol Building, is the home of the Arkansas General Assembly, and the seat of the Arkansas state government that sits atop Capitol Hill at the eastern end of the Capitol Mall in Little Rock, Arkansas.

Little Rock, Arkansas Capital of Arkansas

Little Rock is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Arkansas. It is also the county seat of Pulaski County. It was incorporated on November 7, 1831, on the south bank of the Arkansas River close to the state's geographic center. The city derives its name from a rock formation along the river, named the "Little Rock" by the French explorer Jean-Baptiste Bénard de la Harpe in the 1720s. The capital of the Arkansas Territory was moved to Little Rock from Arkansas Post in 1821. The city's population was 198,541 in 2016 according to the United States Census Bureau. The six-county Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) is ranked 78th in terms of population in the United States with 738,344 residents according to the 2017 estimate by the United States Census Bureau.

Leadership of the House

The Speaker of the House presides over the body and is elected by the membership every two years. Its duties include the supervision and directing the daily order of business, recognizing members to speak, preserving order in the House, deciding all questions of order and germaneness, certifying all measures passed, assigning committee leadership, and naming members to select committees. In the Speaker's absence, the Speaker Pro Tempore presides.

Speaker (politics) presiding officer of a deliberative assembly, especially a legislative body

The speaker of a deliberative assembly, especially a legislative body, is its presiding officer, or the chair. The title was first used in 1377 in England.

Leadership information

PositionNamePartyCountyDistrict
Speaker of the House Jeremy Gillam Republican White 45
Speaker pro tempore Jon Eubanks Republican Logan/Franklin/Scott/Sebastian 74

Floor leaders

PositionNamePartyCountyDistrict
Majority Leader Ken Bragg Republican Grant 15
Majority Whip Jim Dotson Republican Benton 93
Majority Caucus Secretary Charlotte Douglas Republican Crawford 75
Minority Leader Eddie Armstrong Democratic Pulaski 37

Current composition

Composition of the Arkansas State House after the 2016 elections
Democratic Party
Republican Party
Republicans elected as Democrats Arkansas House 2012.svg
Composition of the Arkansas State House after the 2016 elections
  Democratic Party
  Republican Party
  Republicans elected as Democrats
7624
RepublicanDemocratic
AffiliationParty
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Republican Democratic Ind Green Vacant
End of the 90th General Assembly6831101000
Beginning of the 91st General Assembly7624001000
Current7624001000
Latest voting share76%24%

Current membership

DistrictNamePartyFirst electedTerm-limited
1 Carol Dalby Rep20162032
2 Lane Jean Rep20102026
3 Danny Watson Rep20162032
4 DeAnn Vaught Rep20142030
5 David Fielding Dem20102026
6 Matthew Shepherd Rep20102026
7 Sonia Eubanks Barker Rep20162032
8 Jeff Wardlaw Rep20102026
9 LeAnne Burch Dem20162032
10 Mike Holcomb Rep20122028
11Don GloverDem20182034
12 Chris Richey Dem20122028
13 David Hillman Rep20122028
14 Roger Lynch Rep20162032
15 Ken Bragg Rep20122028
16 Ken Ferguson Dem20142030
17 Vivian Flowers Dem20142030
18 Richard Womack Rep20122028
19 Justin Gonzales Rep20142030
20 John Maddox Rep20162032
21 Marcus Richmond Rep20142030
22 Mickey Gates Rep20142030
23 Lanny Fite Rep20142030
26 Laurie Rushing Rep20142030
24 Bruce Cozart Rep2011†2028
25 Les Warren Rep20162032
27 Andy Mayberry Rep20162032
28Jasen KellyRep20182034
29 Fredrick Love Dem20102026
30 Fred Allen Dem20162032
31 Andy Davis Rep20122028
32 Jim Sorvillo Rep20142030
33Tippi McCulloughDem20182034
34 John Walker Dem20102026
35 Andrew Collins Dem20182034
36 Charles Blake Dem20142030
37Jamie ScottDem20182028
38 Carlton Wing Rep20162032
39 Mark Lowery Rep20122028
40 Douglas House Rep20122028
41 Karilyn Brown Rep20142030
42Mark PerryDem20182034
43Brian EvansRep20182034
44Cameron CooperRep20182034
45Jim WootenRep20182034
46 Les Eaves Rep20142030
47 Michael John Gray Dem20142030
48 Reginald Murdock Dem20102026
49 Steve Hollowell Rep20162032
50 Milton Nicks Dem20142030
51 Deborah Ferguson Dem20122028
52 Dwight Tosh Rep20142030
53 Dan Sullivan Rep20142030
54 Johnny Rye Rep20162032
55 Monte Hodges Dem20122028
56 Joe Jett Rep20122028
57 Jimmy Gazaway Rep20162032
58 Brandt Smith Rep20142030
59 Jack Ladyman Rep20142030
60 Frances Cavenaugh Rep20162032
61Marsh DavisRep20182034
62 Michelle Gray Rep20142030
63Stu SmithRep20182034
64 John Payton Rep20122028
65 Rick Beck Rep20142030
66 Josh Miller Rep20122028
67 Stephen Meeks Rep20102026
68Stan BerryRep20182034
69 Aaron Pilkington Rep20162032
70Spencer HawksRep20182034
71Joe CloudRep20182034
72 Stephen Magie Dem20122028
73 Mary Bentley Rep20142030
74Lee JohnsonRep20182034
75 Charlotte Douglas Rep20122028
76Cindy CrawfordRep20182034
77 Justin Boyd Rep20142030
78Jay RichardsonDem20182034
79 Gary Deffenbaugh Rep20102026
80 Charlene Fite Rep20122028
81 Bruce Coleman Rep20162032
82 Sarah Capp Rep20162032
83Keith SlapeRep20182034
84Denise GarnerDem20182034
85 David Whitaker Dem20122028
86Nicole ClowneyDem20182034
87 Robin Lundstrum Rep20142030
88 Clint Penzo Rep20162032
89 Jeff Williams Rep20162032
90 Jana Della Rosa Rep20142030
91 Dan Douglas Rep20122028
92Gayla McKenzieRep20182034
93 Jim Dotson Rep20122028
94 Rebecca Petty Rep20142030
95 Austin McCollum Rep20162032
96 Grant Hodges Rep20142030
97 Bob Ballinger Rep20122028
98Harlan BreauxRep20182034
99 Jack Fortner Rep20162032
100 Nelda Speaks Rep20142030

Past composition of the House of Representatives

Committees

The House has 10 Standing Committees:

CLASS A

CLASS B

HOUSE SELECT COMMITTEES

JOINT COMMITTEES

CURRENT COMMITTEES INCLUDE: [3]

Each Representative serves on two Standing Committees, and each committee has 20 members. Standing Committee chairmen and vice-chairmen are selected from respective committee rosters by the Speaker.

Two Select Committees operate exclusively within the House. Members of the committees are appointed by the Speaker. The House Select Committees are the House Committee on Rules and the House Management Committee.

The Committee on Rules considers all proposed action touching the House rules, the joint rules and the order of business. The Committee also considers all legislation dealing with alcohol, cigarettes, tobacco, tobacco products, coin-operated amusement devices, vending machines, lobbying, code of ethics, pari-mutuel betting and similar legislation.

The House Management Committee works with the Speaker of the House to direct and oversee operations of the House of Representatives. Its duties include the hiring and supervision of the House Staff, the development of personnel policies and procedures, and the monitoring of facility usage and maintenance.

Representatives also serve on five committees that operate jointly with the Senate. They are Joint Budget, Joint Retirement and Social Security Programs, Joint Energy, Joint Performance Review and Joint Committee on Advanced, Communications and Information Technology

House members of the Joint Budget Committee are chosen by their peers from respective caucus districts. House members on other Joint Committees are appointed to their positions by the Speaker.

History

John Wilson, the speaker of the Arkansas House of Representatives, stabbed Representative J. J. Anthony to death during a legislative debate on the floor of the chamber in 1837. Wilson was later acquitted. The Old State House is said to be haunted to this day. [4] [5]

Legislative violence Violence in legislative bodies

Legislative violence broadly refers to any violent clashes between members of a legislature, often physically, inside the legislature and triggered by divisive issues and tight votes. Such clashes have occurred in many countries across time, and notable incidents still regularly occur.

In 1922, Frances Hunt became the first woman elected to a seat in the Arkansas General Assembly when she was elected to a seat in the Arkansas House of Representatives. [6]

Frances Matthew Jones Hunt was an American progressive era politician who is best known for being the first woman elected to a seat in the Arkansas General Assembly. In 1922, Hunt was elected to a seat in the Arkansas House of Representatives.

See also

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References

  1. "Home - Arkansas House of Representatives". www.arkansashouse.org. Retrieved 2019-02-19.
  2. "Arkansas House of Representatives". Ballotpedia. Retrieved 2019-02-19.
  3. "Arkansas House Committees". Open States. Sunlight Foundation. 2014-04-09. Retrieved 2014-04-09.
  4. Archived September 27, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  5. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 11, 2018. Retrieved May 11, 2018.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  6. "Women". The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture. Arkansas: The Central Arkansas Library System. 2010. Retrieved 31 March 2010.

Coordinates: 34°44′48″N92°17′21″W / 34.7467387°N 92.2892220°W / 34.7467387; -92.2892220