Arkansas House of Representatives

Last updated

Arkansas House of Representatives
93rd Arkansas General Assembly
Seal of the Arkansas House of Representatives.svg
Seal
Type
Type
Term limits
16 Years (both houses)
History
FoundedJanuary 30, 1836 (1836-01-30)
New session started
January 11, 2021
Leadership
Matthew Shepherd (R)
since June 15, 2018
Speaker pro tempore
Jon Eubanks (R)
since January 12, 2015
Majority Leader
Austin McCollum (R)
since January 11, 2021
Minority Leader
Tippi McCullough (D)
since January 11, 2021
Structure
Seats100
Arkansas House Arch 22d78r.svg
Political groups
Majority
  •    Republican (76)

Minority

Length of term
2 years
AuthorityArticle 8, Section 2,
Arkansas Constitution
Salary$39,399.84/year + per diem
Elections
First-past-the-post
Last election
November 3, 2020
(100 seats)
Next election
November 8, 2022
(100 seats)
Redistricting Arkansas Board of Apportionment
Meeting place
The Arkansas House of Representatives floor.jpg
House of Representatives Chamber
Arkansas State Capitol
Little Rock, Arkansas
Website
Arkansas House of Representatives

The Arkansas State House of Representatives is the lower house of the Arkansas General Assembly, the state legislature of the US state of Arkansas. The House is composed of 100 members elected from an equal amount of constituencies across the state. Each district has an average population of 29,159 according to the 2010 federal census. Members are elected to two-year terms and, since the 2014 Amendment to the Arkansas Constitution, limited to sixteen years cumulative in either house. [1]

Contents

The Arkansas House of Representatives meets annually, in regular session in odd number years and for a fiscal session in even number years, at the State Capitol in Little Rock. [2]

History

Arkansas House members in 1893, the four known African American members are segregated to the bottom right 1893 House of Representatives composite photo of the Twenty-Ninth General Assembly of the State of Arkansas.jpg
Arkansas House members in 1893, the four known African American members are segregated to the bottom right

During the Reconstruction era that followed the American Civil War, the Federal government passed the Reconstruction Acts and African Americans were enfranchised with voting rights. African Americans were elected and served in the Arkansas House although the numbers eventually declined as the Democrats retook control and were able to restore white supremacy. By the start of the 20th century African Americans were largely barred from holding in the Arkansas House and across the southern states.

Leadership of the House

The Speaker of the House presides over the body and is elected by the membership every two years. Its duties include the supervision and directing the daily order of business, recognizing members to speak, preserving order in the House, deciding all questions of order and germaneness, certifying all measures passed, assigning committee leadership, and naming members to select committees. In the Speaker's absence, the Speaker Pro Tempore presides.

Officers

OfficeOfficerPartyDistrict
Speaker of the Arkansas House of Representatives Matthew Shepherd Republican6
Speaker Pro Tempore Jon Eubanks Republican74
Assistant Speaker pro tempore, 1st District Michelle Gray Republican62
Assistant Speaker pro tempore, 2nd District Marcus Richmond Republican21
Assistant Speaker pro tempore, 3rd District Fred Allen Democratic30
Assistant Speaker pro tempore, 4th District Frances Cavanaugh Republican60

Floor Leaders

OfficeOfficerPartyDistrict
Majority Leader Austin McCollum Republican95
Majority Whip John Payton Republican64
Minority Leader Tippi McCullough Democratic33
Minority Whip Denise Garner Democratic84

Current composition

Composition of the Arkansas State House after the 2018 elections
Democratic Party
Republican Party
Republicans elected as Democrats Arkansas House 2012.svg
Composition of the Arkansas State House after the 2018 elections
  Democratic Party
  Republican Party
  Republicans elected as Democrats
7624
RepublicanDemocratic
AffiliationParty
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Republican Democratic Ind Green Vacant
End of the 90th General Assembly6831101000
Beginning of the 91st General Assembly7624001000
Current7624001000
Latest voting share76%24%

Current membership

DistrictNamePartyFirst electedTerm-limited
1 Carol Dalby Rep20162032
2 Lane Jean Rep20102026
3 Danny Watson Rep20162032
4 DeAnn Vaught Rep20142030
5 David Fielding Dem20102026
6 Matthew Shepherd Rep20102026
7 Sonia Eubanks Barker Rep20162032
8 Jeff Wardlaw Rep20102026
9 Howard Beaty Rep20202036
10 Mike Holcomb Rep20122028
11 Mark McElroy Rep20122030
12 David Tollett Rep20202036
13 David Hillman Rep20122028
14 Roger Lynch Rep20162032
15 Ken Bragg Rep20122028
16 Ken Ferguson Dem20142030
17 Vivian Flowers Dem20142030
18 Richard Womack Rep20122028
19 Justin Gonzales Rep20142030
20 John Maddox Rep20162032
21 Marcus Richmond Rep20142030
22 Richard McGrew Rep2020 (special)2036
23 Lanny Fite Rep20142030
24 Bruce Cozart Rep2011†2028
25 Les Warren Rep20162032
26 Rick McClure Rep20202036
27 Julie Mayberry Rep20162032
28 Tony Furman Rep20202036
29 Fredrick Love Dem20102026
30 Fred Allen Dem20162032
31 Keith Brooks Rep20202036
32 Ashley Hudson Dem20202036
33 Tippi McCullough Dem20182034
34 Joy Springer Dem2020 (special)2036
35 Andrew Collins Dem20182034
36 Denise Ennett Dem2019 (special)2034
37 Jamie Aleshia Scott Dem20182028
38 Carlton Wing Rep20162032
39 Mark Lowery Rep20122028
40 David Ray Rep20202036
41 Karilyn Brown Rep20142030
42 Mark Perry Dem20182034
43 Brian S. Evans Rep20182034
44 Cameron Cooper Rep20182034
45 Jim Wooten Rep20182034
46 Les Eaves Rep20142030
47 Craig Christiansen Rep20182034
48 Reginald Murdock Dem20102026
49 Steve Hollowell Rep20162032
50 Milton Nicks Dem20142030
51 Deborah Ferguson Dem20122028
52 Dwight Tosh Rep20142030
53 Jon Milligan Rep20202036
54 Johnny Rye Rep20162032
55 Monte Hodges Dem20122028
56 Joe Jett Rep20122028
57 Jimmy Gazaway Rep20162032
58 Brandt Smith Rep20142030
59 Jack Ladyman Rep20142030
60 Frances Cavenaugh Rep20162032
61 Marsh Davis Rep20182034
62 Michelle Gray Rep20142030
63 Stu Smith Rep20182034
64 John Payton Rep20122028
65 Rick Beck Rep20142030
66 Josh Miller Rep20122028
67 Stephen Meeks Rep20102026
68 Stan Berry Rep20182034
69 Aaron Pilkington Rep20162032
70 Spencer Hawks Rep20182034
71 Joe Cloud Rep20182034
72 Stephen Magie Dem20122028
73 Mary Bentley Rep20142030
74 Jon Eubanks Rep20122028
75 Lee Johnson Rep20182034
76 Cindy Crawford Rep20182034
77 Justin Boyd Rep20142030
78 Jay Richardson Dem20182034
79 Gary Deffenbaugh Rep20102026
80 Charlene Fite Rep20122028
81 Bruce Coleman Rep20162032
82 Mark H. Berry Rep20202036
83 Keith Slape Rep20182034
84 Denise Garner Dem20182034
85 David Whitaker Dem20122028
86 Nicole Clowney Dem20182034
87 Robin Lundstrum Rep20142030
88 Clint Penzo Rep20162032
89 Megan Godfrey Dem20182034
90 Kendon Underwood Rep20202036
91 Delia Haak Rep20202036
92 Gayla Hendren McKenzie Rep20182034
93 Jim Dotson Rep20122028
94 John P. Carr Rep20202036
95 Austin McCollum Rep20162032
96 Joshua P. Bryant Rep20202036
97 Harlan Breaux Rep20182034
98 Ron McNair Rep20142030
99 Jack Fortner Rep20162032
100 Nelda Speaks Rep20142030

Past composition of the House of Representatives

Committees

The House has 10 Standing Committees:

CLASS A

CLASS B

HOUSE SELECT COMMITTEES

JOINT COMMITTEES

CURRENT COMMITTEES INCLUDE: [3]

Each Representative serves on two Standing Committees, and each committee has 20 members. Standing Committee chairmen and vice-chairmen are selected from respective committee rosters by the Speaker.

Two Select Committees operate exclusively within the House. Members of the committees are appointed by the Speaker. The House Select Committees are the House Committee on Rules and the House Management Committee.

The Committee on Rules considers all proposed action touching the House rules, the joint rules and the order of business. The Committee also considers all legislation dealing with alcohol, cigarettes, tobacco, tobacco products, coin-operated amusement devices, vending machines, lobbying, code of ethics, pari-mutuel betting and similar legislation.

The House Management Committee works with the Speaker of the House to direct and oversee operations of the House of Representatives. Its duties include the hiring and supervision of the House Staff, the development of personnel policies and procedures, and the monitoring of facility usage and maintenance.

Representatives also serve on five committees that operate jointly with the Senate. They are Joint Budget, Joint Retirement and Social Security Programs, Joint Energy, Joint Performance Review and Joint Committee on Advanced, Communications and Information Technology

House members of the Joint Budget Committee are chosen by their peers from respective caucus districts. House members on other Joint Committees are appointed to their positions by the Speaker.

History

John Wilson, the speaker of the Arkansas House of Representatives, stabbed Representative J. J. Anthony to death during a legislative debate on the floor of the chamber in 1837. Wilson was later acquitted. The Old State House is said to be haunted to this day. [4] [5]

In 1922, Frances Hunt became the first woman elected to a seat in the Arkansas General Assembly when she was elected to a seat in the Arkansas House of Representatives. [6]

In 2020, several members tested positive for COVID-19 during the COVID-19 pandemic in Arkansas. [7]

See also

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References

  1. "Home - Arkansas House of Representatives". www.arkansashouse.org. Retrieved February 19, 2019.
  2. "Arkansas House of Representatives". Ballotpedia. Retrieved February 19, 2019.
  3. "Arkansas House Committees". Open States. Sunlight Foundation. April 9, 2014. Retrieved April 9, 2014.
  4. Archived September 27, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  5. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 11, 2018. Retrieved May 11, 2018.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. "Women". The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture. Arkansas: The Central Arkansas Library System. 2010. Retrieved March 31, 2010.
  7. Shepherd, Matthew J. (October 20, 2020). "Two House Members Test Positive for COVID-19. Legislative Meetings Postponed". Arkansas House of Representatives. Retrieved October 20, 2020.

Coordinates: 34°44′48″N92°17′21″W / 34.7467387°N 92.2892220°W / 34.7467387; -92.2892220