Georgia State Senate

Last updated

Georgia State Senate
Georgia General Assembly
Senate Georgia PNG.png
Term limits
New session started
January 11, 2021
Geoff Duncan (R)
since January 14, 2019
President pro tempore
Butch Miller (R)
since December 14, 2017
Majority Leader
Mike Dugan (R)
since November 13, 2018
Minority Leader
Gloria Butler (D)
since January 11, 2021
GA Senate 01-2021.svg
Political groups
  •   Republican (34)


Length of term
2 years
AuthorityArticle III, Georgia Constitution
Salary$17,342/year + per diem
Last election
November 8, 2022
(56 seats)
Next election
November 5, 2024
(56 seats)
RedistrictingLegislative control
Meeting place
Senate Chamber, Georgia State Capitol, Atlanta 20160718 1.jpg
State Senate Chamber
Georgia Capitol
Atlanta, Georgia

The Georgia State Senate is the upper house of the Georgia General Assembly, in the U.S. state of Georgia.


The Georgia State Senate is the upper house of the Georgia General Assembly, with the lower house being the Georgia House of Representatives. Both bodies are constitutionally required to convene annually at the Georgia State Capitol in Atlanta. [1] The General Assembly begins each yearly session on the second Monday in January. [1] From that date of convention, sessions last for 40 legislative days. [1]

The General Assembly may call for special sessions by a three-fifths vote of the members in each chamber. [1] Special sessions in Georgia may span a maximum of 40 days. [1]

Membership requirements

The Georgia State Senate consists of 56 members, each representing single-member legislative districts of equal size. State senators serve a term length of two years, with elections being held in even-numbered years. Senators officially assume their positions on the second Monday in January following their election.

To serve in the Senate, an individual must have attained the age of 25. [1] The person must also be a qualified voter who has resided in the state of Georgia for at least two years. [1] Unlike most states, senators are not required to have lived in their districts for a specific period of time before running.


The formal President of the State Senate is the Lieutenant Governor of Georgia, who is elected statewide every four years. Other important figures in the Senate include the President pro tempore (who is elected by all members of the Senate), as well as the Majority Leader, Majority Whip, and Majority Caucus Chair (each of whom are elected by the majority of what is currently the Republican caucus). [1]

The minority party is headed by the Minority Leader, who is elected by the minority party caucus. [1]


The current salary for state senators is $17,342. [2] The Majority Leader and Minority Leader earn an additional $400 per month.


The presiding officer of the Senate is the president of the Senate. A president pro tempore, usually a high-ranking member of the majority party, acts as president in case of the temporary disability of the president. In case of the death, resignation, or permanent disability of the President or in the event of the succession of the president to the executive power, the President pro tempore becomes President. The Senate also has as an officer, the secretary of the Senate.

Lt. Governor and Senate PresidentGeoff Duncan Republican
President pro temporeButch Miller Republican
Majority LeaderMike Dugan Republican
Majority WhipSteve Gooch Republican
Majority Caucus ChairmanJohn Kennedy Republican
Majority Caucus Vice-ChairmanLarry Walker Republican
Majority Caucus SecretaryDean Burke Republican
Minority LeaderGloria Butler Democratic
Minority WhipHarold Jones II Democratic
Minority Caucus ChairwomanElena Parent Democratic
Minority Caucus Vice-ChairmanLester Jackson Democratic
Minority Caucus SecretaryNan Orrock Democratic

List of committees


Map of current partisan composition of legislative districts for the State Senate:
Democratic senator
Republican senator Ga Senate Composition 2022.png
Map of current partisan composition of legislative districts for the State Senate:
   Democratic senator
   Republican senator

According to the state constitution of 1983, this body is to be composed of no more than 56 members elected for two-year terms. Current state law provides for 56 members. Elections are held the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November in even-numbered years.

Senators must be at least 25 years old, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Georgia for two years and their senatorial district for one year (preceding the election). The highest position in the Senate is the President of the Senate, a position currently held by Lieutenant Governor Geoff Duncan. The second-highest position is president pro tempore, currently held by Senator Butch Miller.

(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Republican Democratic Vacant
End of 155th Assembly 3521560
Beginning of 156th Assembly 3422560
Latest voting share

Past composition of the Senate

List of current senators

DistrictSenatorPartySinceResidenceCounties represented
1 Ben Watson Republican2015 Savannah Bryan, Chatham, Liberty
2 Lester Jackson Democratic2009 Savannah Chatham
3 Sheila McNeill Republican2021 Brunswick Brantley, Camden, Charlton, Glynn, McIntosh
4 Billy Hickman Republican2020 Statesboro Bulloch, Candler, Effingham, Emanuel, Evans, Tattnall
5 Sheikh Rahman Democratic2019 Lawrenceville Gwinnett
6 Jen Jordan Democratic2017 Atlanta Cobb, Fulton
7 Tyler Harper Republican2013 Ocilla Atkinson, Bacon, Ben Hill, Berrien, Charlton, Coffee, Irwin, Pierce, Ware, Wilcox
8 Russ Goodman Republican2021 Cogdell Brooks, Clinch, Cook, Echols, Lanier, Lowndes, Thomas
9 Nikki Merritt Democratic2021 Grayson Gwinnett
10 Emanuel Jones Democratic2005 Ellenwood DeKalb, Henry
11 Dean Burke Republican2013 Bainbridge Colquitt, Decatur, Early, Grady, Miller, Mitchell, Seminole, Thomas
12 Freddie Sims Democratic2009 Dawson Baker, Calhoun, Clay, Dougherty, Mitchell, Quitman, Randolph, Stewart, Sumter, Terrell, Webster
13 Carden Summers Republican2020 Cordele Crisp, Dodge, Dooly, Lee, Sumter, Tift, Turner, Wilcox, Worth
14 Bruce Thompson Republican2013 White Bartow, Cherokee, Cobb
15 Ed Harbison Democratic1993 Columbus Chattahoochee, Macon, Marion, Muscogee, Schley, Talbot, Taylor
16 Marty Harbin Republican2015 Tyrone Fayette, Lamar, Pike, Spalding
17 Brian Strickland Republican2018 McDonough Henry, Newton, Rockdale
18 John F. Kennedy Republican2015 Macon Bibb, Crawford, Houston, Monroe, Peach, Upson
19 Blake Tillery Republican2017 Vidalia Appling, Emanuel, Jeff Davis, Liberty, Long, Montgomery, Tattnall, Telfair, Toombs, Treutlen, Wayne, Wheeler
20 Larry Walker III Republican2015 Kathleen Bleckley, Houston, Laurens, Peach, Pulaski
21 Brandon Beach Republican2013 Alpharetta Cherokee, Fulton
22 Harold V. Jones II Democratic2015 Augusta McDuffie, Richmond
23 Max Burns Republican2021 Sylvania Burke, Columbia, Emanuel, Glascock, Jefferson, Jenkins, Johnson, McDuffie, Richmond, Screven, Warren
24 Lee Anderson Republican2017 Grovetown Columbia, Elbert, Hart, Lincoln, Oglethorpe, Richmond, Taliaferro, Wilkes
25 Burt Jones Republican2013 Jackson Baldwin, Bibb, Butts, Greene, Jasper, Jones, Morgan, Putnam, Walton
26 David Lucas Democratic2013 Macon Baldwin, Bibb, Hancock, Houston, Jones, Twiggs, Washington, Wilkinson
27 Greg Dolezal Republican2019 Cumming Forsyth
28 Matt Brass Republican2017 Newnan Carroll, Coweta, Fulton, Heard, Troup
29 Randy Robertson Republican2019 Cataula Harris, Meriwether, Muscogee, Troup
30 Mike Dugan Republican2013 Carrollton Carroll, Douglas, Paulding
31 Jason Anavitarte Republican2021 Dallas Haralson, Paulding, Polk
32 Kay Kirkpatrick Republican2017 Marietta Cobb, Fulton
33 Michael Rhett Democratic2015 Marietta Cobb
34 Valencia Seay Democratic2003 Riverdale Clayton, Fayette
35 Donzella James Democratic2009 College Park Douglas, Fulton
36 Nan Orrock Democratic2007 Atlanta Fulton
37 Lindsey Tippins Republican2011 Marietta Cobb
38 Horacena Tate Democratic1999 Atlanta Cobb, Fulton
39 Sonya Halpern Democratic2021 Atlanta Fulton
40 Sally Harrell Democratic2019 Chamblee DeKalb, Fulton, Gwinnett
41 Kim Jackson Democratic2021 Stone Mountain DeKalb, Gwinnett
42 Elena Parent Democratic2015 Atlanta DeKalb
43 Tonya Anderson Democratic2017 Lithonia DeKalb, Newton, Rockdale
44 Gail Davenport Democratic2011 Jonesboro Clayton, DeKalb
45 Clint Dixon Republican2021 Buford Gwinnett
46 Bill Cowsert Republican2007 Athens Clarke, Oconee, Walton
47 Frank Ginn Republican2011 Royston Barrow, Clarke, Jackson, Madison
48 Michelle Au Democratic2021 Duluth Fulton, Gwinnett
49 Butch Miller Republican2010 Flowery Branch Hall
50 Bo Hatchett Republican2021 Cornelia Banks, Franklin, Habersham, Hall, Jackson, Rabun, Stephens, Towns
51 Steve Gooch Republican2011 Dahlonega Dawson, Fannin, Forsyth, Gilmer, Lumpkin, Pickens, Union, White
52 Chuck Hufstetler Republican2013 Rome Bartow, Chattooga, Floyd, Gordon
53 Jeff Mullis Republican2001 Chickamauga Catoosa, Chattooga, Dade, Walker
54 Chuck Payne Republican2017 Dalton Gordon, Murray, Pickens, Whitfield
55 Gloria Butler Democratic1999 Stone Mountain DeKalb, Gwinnett
56 John Albers Republican2011 Roswell Cherokee, Fulton

See also

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  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 The Book of the States (53 ed.). The Council of State Governments. January 7, 2022. Retrieved January 12, 2022.
  2. Salzer, James. "Georgia Senate rejects big pay raise for the General Assembly, state officials". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. ISSN   1539-7459 . Retrieved May 5, 2022.