South Carolina Senate

Last updated
South Carolina State Senate
South Carolina General Assembly
Seal of the Senate of South Carolina.jpg
Type
Type
Term limits
None
History
New session started
January 12, 2021
Leadership
Thomas C. Alexander (R)
since December 6, 2021
Majority Leader
A. Shane Massey (R)
since April 6, 2016
Minority Leader
Brad Hutto (D)
since November 17, 2020
Structure
Seats46
South Carolina Senate Composition (January 12, 2021).svg
Political groups
Majority
  •   Republican (30)

Minority

Length of term
4 years
AuthorityArticle III, South Carolina Constitution
Salary$10,400/year + per diem
Elections
Last election
November 3, 2020
(46 seats)
Next election
November 5, 2024
(46 seats)
RedistrictingLegislative Control
Meeting place
South Carolina State Senate chamber IMG 4757.JPG
State Senate Chamber
South Carolina State House
Columbia, South Carolina
Website
South Carolina State Senate
A diagram of the Senate Chamber, 1917 SC Legislative Manual 1918 (p. 2 & 3).png
A diagram of the Senate Chamber, 1917

The South Carolina Senate is the upper house of the South Carolina General Assembly, the lower house being the South Carolina House of Representatives. It consists of 46 senators elected from single member districts for four-year terms at the same time as United States presidential elections.

Contents

The South Carolina Constitution of 1895 provided for each county to elect one senator for a four-year term. The election of senators was staggered so that half of the state Senate was elected every two years. After the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in 1964 for the case Reynolds v. Sims , the state Senate was reapportioned in 1966 as a temporary measure into 27 districts with 50 members for two-year terms. In 1967, the state Senate was again reapportioned, this time into 20 districts with 46 members for four-year terms. The number of districts was reduced to 16 in 1972 and in 1984, they were eliminated with the creation of single member districts.

The annual session of the General Assembly convenes at the State Capitol Building in Columbia on the second Tuesday of January of each year. However, after convening, either the House or the Senate may call for itself a 30-day recess by a majority vote, or a longer recess by a two-thirds vote. [1]

Composition

AffiliationParty
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Republican Democratic Vacant
Current Session3016460
Latest voting share

Members of the South Carolina Senate

Except as noted, all Senators were elected in November 2020 and terms began on January 12, 2021. All terms expire in January 2025.

DistrictRepresentativePartyResidence
1 Thomas C. Alexander, presidentRepublican Walhalla
2 Rex Rice Republican Easley
3 Richard Cash Republican Powdersville
4 Michael Gambrell Republican Honea Path
5 Thomas D. Corbin Republican Travelers Rest
6 Dwight Loftis Republican Greenville
7 Karl B. Allen Democratic Greenville
8 Ross Turner Republican Greenville
9 Danny Verdin Republican Laurens
10Bill GarrettRepublican Greenwood
11 Josh Kimbrell Republican Inman
12 Scott Talley Republican Spartanburg
13 Shane Martin Republican Spartanburg
14 Harvey S. Peeler Jr. Republican Gaffney
15 Wes Climer Republican Rock Hill
16Michael JohnsonRepublican Lancaster
17 Mike Fanning Democratic Great Falls
18 Ronnie Cromer Republican Prosperity
19 John L. Scott Jr. Democratic Columbia
20 Dick Harpootlian Democratic Columbia
21 Darrell Jackson Democratic Hopkins
22 Mia McLeod Democratic Columbia
23 Katrina Shealy Republican Lexington
24 Tom Young Jr. Republican Aiken
25 A. Shane Massey Republican Edgefield
26 Nikki G. Setzler Democratic West Columbia
27 Penry Gustavson Republican Camden
28 Greg Hembree Republican North Myrtle Beach
29 Gerald Malloy Democratic Hartsville
30 Kent M. Williams Democratic Marion
31Mike Reichenbach [2] Republican Florence
32 Ronnie A. Sabb Democratic Greeleyville
33 Luke A. Rankin Republican Myrtle Beach
34 Stephen Goldfinch Republican Murrells Inlet
35 Thomas McElveen Democratic Sumter
36 Kevin L. Johnson Democratic Manning
37 Larry Grooms Republican Bonneau
38 Sean Bennett Republican Summerville
39 Vernon Stephens Democratic Bowman
40 Brad Hutto Democratic Orangeburg
41 Sandy Senn Republican Charleston
42 Marlon Kimpson Democratic Charleston
43 Chip Campsen Republican Isle of Palms
44 Brian Adams Republican Goose Creek
45 Margie Bright Matthews Democratic Charleston
46 Tom Davis Republican Beaufort

Composition of the Senate over time

Year Democratic
Party
Republican
Party
Independent
/ Other

Majority
1865003131
18686 [lower-alpha 1] 25019
1870526121
1872825017
18740267 [lower-alpha 2] 19
1876151803
1878285023
1880332031
1882332031
1884323029
1886332031
1888350035
1890323029
1892360036
18942907 [lower-alpha 3] 22
1896360036
1898–
1908
410041
1910–
1916
440044
1918–
1964
460046
1966436137
1968473044
1970442042
1972433040
1976424038
1980397032
19843610026
19883511024
19923016014
1996252104
200022 [lower-alpha 4] 24 [lower-alpha 4] 02
20042026 [lower-alpha 5] 06
2008192708
20121828010
20161828010
2020 [3] 1630014
  1. The election of a Democrat from Abbeville was declared void and the seat remained vacant.
  2. All 7 were members of the Conservative Party of South Carolina.
  3. All 7 were Independent Democrats.
  4. 1 2 After the 2000 elections, the Senate was evenly split between 23 Democrats and 23 Republicans. A Democrat, J. Verne Smith of Greer, switched to the Republicans to break the tie.
  5. Republicans gained an additional seat in a 2007 special election.

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References

  1. "ARTICLE 3. Legislative Department., SECTION 9. Sessions of General Assembly". 2010 South Carolina Constitution - Unannotated. Archived from the original on March 4, 2012. Retrieved January 16, 2012.
  2. "South Carolina State Senate District 31 - Ballotpedia". Ballotpedia. Retrieved 30 March 2022.
  3. "South Carolina Election Results". New York Times. 4 November 2020. Retrieved 4 November 2020.

Coordinates: 33°50′10″N81°09′49″W / 33.836081°N 81.1637245°W / 33.836081; -81.1637245