Michigan House of Representatives

Last updated

Michigan House of Representatives
101st Michigan Legislature
Seal of Michigan.svg
Type
Type
Term limits
3 terms (6 years)
History
New session started
January 13, 2021
Leadership
Jason Wentworth (R)
since January 13, 2021
Speaker pro tempore
Pamela Hornberger (R)
since January 13, 2021
Majority Leader
Ben Frederick (R)
since January 13, 2021
Minority Leader
Donna Lasinski (D)
since January 13, 2021
Structure
Seats110
United States Michigan House of Representatives 2022.svg
Political groups
Majority
  •   Republican (56)

Minority

Length of term
2 years
AuthorityArticle IV, Section 3, Michigan Constitution
Salary$71,865/year + expenses
Elections
Last election
November 3, 2020
(110 seats)
Next election
November 8, 2022
(110 seats)
RedistrictingIndependent Redistricting Commission
Meeting place
Michigan House of Representatives.jpg
House of Representatives Chamber
Michigan State Capitol
Lansing, Michigan
Website
Michigan House of Representatives

The Michigan House of Representatives is the lower house of the Michigan Legislature. There are 110 members, each of whom is elected from constituencies having approximately 77,000 to 91,000 residents, based on population figures from the 2010 U.S. Census. Its composition, powers and duties are established in Article IV of the Michigan Constitution.

Contents

Members are elected in even-numbered years and take office at 12 p.m. (EST) on January 1 [1] following the November general election. Concurrently with the Michigan Senate, the House first convenes on the second Wednesday in January, according to the state constitution. [2] Each member is limited to serving three terms of two years. The House meets in the north wing of the Michigan Capitol in Lansing.

Qualifications

According to the constitution of Michigan, to be eligible for the office of State Representative a person must be a citizen of the United States, at least 21 years of age, and a registered and qualified elector of the district he or she wishes to represent by the filing deadline.

Title

Members of the Michigan House of Representatives are commonly referred to as representatives. Because this mirrors the terminology used to describe members of Congress, constituents and news media, abiding by the Associated Press guidelines for journalists, often refer to members as state representatives to avoid confusion with their federal counterparts. As elected officials, members of the Michigan House of Representatives also receive the courtesy title of the Honorable (abbreviated to Hon. or Hon'ble) for life.

Composition

AffiliationParty
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Republican Democratic Vacant
2017-201863471100
2019-202058521100
Begin 2021 Session58521100
October 1, 2021 [3] 571091
November 10, 2021 [4] 551073
January 3, 2022 [5] 511064
April 26, 2022 [6] 541
May 13, 2022 [7] [8] 56531100
Latest voting share

Leadership

Majority party

Minority party

Members

Composition of the Michigan State House after the 2020 elections and a special election in the 74th district
Democratic Party
Republican Party Michigan House of Representatives Party Map.svg
Composition of the Michigan State House after the 2020 elections and a special election in the 74th district
  Democratic Party
  Republican Party
DistrictState RepresentativePartyCounty(ies)Term
1 Tenisha Yancey Dem Wayne 3rd (2nd full)
2 Joe Tate DemWayne2nd
3 Shri Thanedar DemWayne1st
4 Abraham Aiyash DemWayne1st
5 Cynthia A. Johnson DemWayne2nd
6 Tyrone Carter DemWayne2nd
7 Helena Scott DemWayne1st
8 Stephanie Young DemWayne1st
9 Karen Whitsett DemWayne2nd
10 Mary Cavanagh DemWayne1st
11 Jewell Jones DemWayne3rd
12 Alex Garza DemWayne2nd
13 Tullio Liberati DemWayne1st
14 Cara Clemente DemWayne3rd
15 Jeffrey Pepper DemWayne1st
16 Kevin Coleman DemWayne2nd
17 Joe Bellino Rep Monroe, Wayne3rd
18 Kevin Hertel Dem Macomb 3rd
19 Laurie Pohutsky DemWayne2nd
20 Matt Koleszar DemWayne2nd
21 Ranjeev Puri DemWayne1st
22 Richard Steenland DemMacomb1st
23 Darrin Camilleri DemWayne3rd
24 Steve Marino RepMacomb3rd
25 Nate Shannon DemMacomb2nd
26 Jim Ellison Dem Oakland 3rd
27 Regina Weiss DemOakland1st
28 Lori Stone DemMacomb2nd
29 Brenda Carter DemOakland2nd
30 Diana Farrington RepMacomb3rd
31 William Sowerby DemMacomb3rd
32 Pamela Hornberger RepMacomb, St. Clair 3rd
33 Jeffrey Yaroch RepMacomb3rd
34 Cynthia Neeley Dem Genesee 2nd (1st full)
35 Kyra Harris Bolden DemOakland2nd
36 Terence Mekoski RepMacomb1st
37 Samantha Steckloff DemOakland1st
38 Kelly Breen DemOakland1st
39 Ryan Berman RepOakland2nd
40 Mari Manoogian DemOakland2nd
41 Padma Kuppa DemOakland2nd
42 Ann Bollin Rep Livingston 2nd
43 Mike Harris RepOakland1st
44 Matt Maddock Rep [lower-alpha 1] [9] Oakland2nd
45 Mark Tisdel RepOakland1st
46 John Reilly RepOakland3rd
47 Bob Bezotte RepLivingston1st
48 David Martin RepGenesee1st
49 John Cherry III DemGenesee2nd
50 Tim Sneller DemGenesee3rd
51 Mike Mueller RepGenesee2nd
52 Donna Lasinski Dem Washtenaw 3rd
53 Yousef Rabhi DemWashtenaw3rd
54 Ronnie Peterson DemWashtenaw3rd
55 Felicia Brabec DemWashtenaw1st
56 TC Clements RepMonroe1st
57 Bronna Kahle Rep Lenawee 3rd
58 Andrew Fink Rep Branch, Hillsdale 1st
59 Steve Carra Rep Cass, St. Joseph 1st
60 Julie Rogers Dem Kalamazoo 1st
61 Christine Morse DemKalamazoo1st
62 Jim Haadsma Dem Calhoun 2nd
63 Matt Hall RepCalhoun, Kalamazoo2nd
64 Julie Alexander Rep Jackson 3rd
65 Sarah Lightner RepJackson2nd
66 Beth Griffin Rep Van Buren, Kalamazoo3rd
67 Kara Hope Dem Ingham 2nd
68 Sarah Anthony DemIngham2nd
69 Julie Brixie DemIngham2nd
70 Pat Outman Rep Montcalm, Gratiot 1st
71 Angela Witwer Dem Eaton 2nd
72 Steve Johnson Rep Kent 3rd
73 Bryan Posthumus RepKent1st
74 Carol Glanville DemKent1st
75 David LaGrand DemKent3rd full
76 Rachel Hood DemKent2nd
77 Tommy Brann RepKent3rd
78 Brad Paquette Rep Berrien, Cass2nd
79 Pauline Wendzel RepBerrien2nd
80 Mary Whiteford Rep Allegan 3rd full
81 Gary Eisen RepSt. Clair2nd
82 Gary Howell Rep Lapeer 3rd full
83 Andrew Beeler Rep Sanilac, St. Clair1st
84 Phil Green Rep Huron, Tuscola 2nd
85 Ben Frederick Rep Saginaw, Shiawassee 3rd
86 Thomas Albert RepKent, Ionia 3rd
87 Julie Calley Rep Barry, Ionia3rd
88 Luke Meerman RepOttawa2nd
89 Jim Lilly RepOttawa3rd
90 Bradley Slagh RepOttawa2nd
91 Greg VanWoerkom Rep Muskegon 2nd
92 Terry Sabo DemMuskegon3rd
93 Graham Filler Rep Clinton, Gratiot2nd
94 Rodney Wakeman RepSaginaw2nd
95 Amos O'Neal DemSaginaw1st
96 Timothy Beson Rep Bay 1st
97 Jason Wentworth Rep Arenac, Clare, Gladwin, Osceola 3rd
98 Annette Glenn Rep Midland, Bay2nd
99 Roger Hauck Rep Isabella, Midland3rd
100 Scott VanSingel Rep Lake, Newaygo, Oceana 3rd
101 Jack O'Malley Rep Benzie, Leelanau, Manistee, Mason 2nd
102 Michele Hoitenga Rep Mecosta, Osceola, Wexford 3rd
103 Daire Rendon Rep Crawford, Kalkaska, Missaukee, Ogemaw, Roscommon 3rd
104 John Roth Rep Grand Traverse 1st
105 Ken Borton Rep Antrim, Charlevoix, Otsego, Montmorency, Oscoda 1st
106 Sue Allor Rep Alcona, Alpena, Cheboygan, Iosco, Presque Isle 3rd
107 John Damoose RepCheboygan, Chippewa, Emmet, Mackinac 1st
108 Beau LaFave Rep Delta, Dickinson, Menominee 3rd
109 Sara Cambensy Dem Alger, Luce, Marquette, Schoolcraft 3rd
110 Gregory Markkanen Rep Baraga, Gogebic, Houghton, Iron, Keweenaw, Marquette, Ontonagon 2nd

Officials

Speaker of the House

The 75th and current Speaker of the House of Representatives is the presiding officer of the House and the leader of the majority party. The current Speaker is Jason Wentworth, a third-term Republican from Clare.

The Speaker calls the House to order at the hour to which the House last adjourned, preserves order and decorum in the chamber, recognizes Members to speak, and puts all questions. The Speaker is the chief administrator of the House and is technically the employer of all legislative staff. There is also a Speaker pro tempore and two associate Speakers pro tempore who preside in the absence of the Speaker. The full duties of the Speaker are described in Chapter II of the Rules of the House. [10]

Clerk of the House

Clerk of the Michigan House of Representatives
Incumbent
Gary L. Randall

since January 12, 2011
Style Mister Clerk
AppointerElected by the House
Term length Pleasure of the House (nominally a two-year Legislature)
Inaugural holderGeorge R. Griswold

The Clerk of the House of Representatives is elected by Members of the House at the beginning of each two-year term. The 33rd and current clerk is Gary L. Randall. [11] Randall also served as clerk from 1999 to 2006. The assistant clerk is Richard J. Brown, who served as clerk from 2007 to 2010. Both Randall and Brown are former Members of the House.

Under the rules of the House, the clerk is the parliamentarian of the House, presides in the absence of the Speaker or any Speaker pro tempore, takes roll at the beginning of each session day and announces whether or not a quorum is present, prepares the official calendar and journal of the House, is responsible for the care and preservation of all bills introduced in the House, and for bills sent from the Senate until they are returned to the Senate. [10] [12]

Sergeant at Arms

The sergeant at arms of the House of Representatives is the chief police officer of the House, appointed by the Speaker. The current chief sergeant at arms is David D. Dickson Jr.

The chief sergeant and the assistant sergeants are empowered as law enforcement officers by statute. [13] The sergeants at arms have authority to serve subpoenas and warrants issued by the House or any duly authorized officer or committee, see that all visitors are seated and at no time are standing on the floor or balconies of the House, ensure that reasonable decorum is maintained in the lobby immediately in front of the entrance to the chamber to ensure access for Members and to ensure equal treatment for all citizens. [10]

Committees

Article IV of the Michigan Constitution authorizes each house of the Legislature to "establish the committees necessary for the conduct of its business." [14] The House does much of its work in committees, including the review of bills, executive oversight, and the budget and appropriations process. Members of committees and their chairmen are appointed by the Speaker. [10] [15] Bills are referred to a committee by the Speaker, and the chairman of a committee sets its agenda, including whether or not a bill will be reported to the full House. The Committee on Appropriations divides its work among subcommittees ordinarily structured by state department or major budget area.

There are also four statutory standing committees: Joint Committee on Administrative Rules; House Fiscal Agency Governing Committee; Legislative Council; Michigan Capitol Committee. Currently, it would appear, the House committees meet on a 'year by year' basis. A full list may be accessed here. [16]

Unlike the Senate, the House does not utilize the committee of the whole.

House Fiscal Agency

House Fiscal Agency
Agency overview
HeadquartersCora B. Anderson House Office Building
Employees24
Annual budget$4,050,400
Agency executives
  • Mary Ann Cleary, Director
  • Kevin Koorstra, Deputy Director
Parent departmentHouse Fiscal Agency Governing Board (Michigan House of Representatives)
Website house.mi.gov/hfa/

The House Fiscal Agency is a nonpartisan agency within the House of Representatives which provides nonpartisan expertise to members of the House Appropriations Committee, as well as all other Members of the House. Fiscal analysts review the governor's budget recommendation, review and prepare budget bills, supplemental appropriations, and certain transfer requests, provide fiscal impact statements on legislative proposals, monitor state and national situations that may have budgetary implications, research and analyze fiscal issues, prepare reports and documents to assist legislative deliberations, and prepare special reports at the request of Representatives. The economist analyzes legislation related to tax and lottery issues, respond to Representatives' inquiries regarding state tax revenue, revenue sharing, and other economic issues, monitors state revenue, tracks state, and national economic conditions, and prepares reports on revenue and other economic issues. Legislative analysts prepare concise, nonpartisan summaries and analyses of bills. Summaries, completed prior to committee deliberations, describe how a bill would change current law, including any fiscal impact. Analyses are prepared for bills reported to the full House from committee and include, with the summary information, a description of the problem being addressed, arguments for and against the bill, and positions of interested organizations. [17]

The agency is governed by a six-member board consisting of the chairman and minority vice chairman of the Appropriations Committee, the Speaker of the House and the minority leader, and the majority and minority floor leaders. The governing committee is responsible for HFA oversight, establishment of operating procedures, and appointment of the HFA director. The director is one of three state officials charged with annually forecasting the state's revenues at the Consensus Revenue Estimating Conferences, which are held at least twice each year. [18]

In January 1993, a front-page story in The Detroit News detailed a massive scandal in the House Fiscal Agency. For six years, the agency's imprest account was used to finance credit card payments, vacations, and property tax payments as well as payments to HFA employees and contract workers for non-existent workers. The scandal threatened to collapse the joint leadership agreement between the Democrats and Republicans brought about by a 55-55 partisan split in the House from the 1992 election. It resulted in Representative Dominic J. Jacobetti of Negaunee in the Upper Peninsula, the longest-serving Member in history, losing his position as chairman of the powerful Appropriations Committee; the conviction and imprisonment of HFA Director John Morberg; and the resignation of state representative Stephen Shepich as part of a plea bargain. [19]

Past composition of the House of Representatives

See also

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References

Notes
  1. Not a member of the majority caucus
References
  1. "Michigan Legislature - Article XI § 2". legislature.mi.gov. Retrieved October 16, 2018.
  2. "Michigan Legislature - Article IV § 13". legislature.mi.gov. Retrieved October 16, 2018.
  3. Republican Andrea Schroeder (District 43) dies.
  4. Republicans Doug Wozniak (District 36) and Mark Huizenga (District 74) resign after election to the Senate.
  5. Democrat Abdullah Hammoud (District 15) resigns after election as mayor of Dearborn.
  6. Republican Matt Maddock (District 44) removed from Republican caucus.
  7. Staff, 270toWin. "Live Results: State House Special Elections in Georgia and Michigan - 270toWin". 270toWin.com. Retrieved May 4, 2022.
  8. Randall, Gary L. "No. 44 STATE OF MICHIGAN, JOURNAL OF THE House of Representatives, 101st Legislature, REGULAR SESSION OF 2022". legislature.mi.gov. Michigan Clerk of the House of Representatives. Retrieved May 29, 2022.
  9. Stebbins, Laina G. (April 27, 2022). "Rep. Matt Maddock booted from House GOP caucus". Michigan Advance. Chris Fitzsimon. Retrieved April 29, 2022.
  10. 1 2 3 4 Rules of the Michigan House of Representatives
  11. House Resolution 3: A resolution to provide for the Clerk of the House of Representatives for the Ninety-seventh Legislature
  12. 2011-2012 Michigan Manual: Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives (p. 302)
  13. Legislative Sergeant at Arms Police Powers Act, 185 PA 2001, MCL 4.381-4.382
  14. Michigan Constitution: Article IV, § 17 Committees; record of votes, public inspection, notice of hearings.
  15. Journal of the House of Representatives: 97th Legislature—Regular Session of 2013, No. 5 (pg. 77-78)
  16. Standing Committees , retrieved November 27, 2020
  17. About Us :: House Fiscal Agency
  18. Michigan Legislature: Management and Budget Act: MCL 18.1367b Revenue estimating conference; principals; forecasts.
  19. Gongwer News Service Blog: The Scandal, 20 Years Later

Coordinates: 42°44′01″N84°33′20″W / 42.733601°N 84.555470°W / 42.733601; -84.555470