Michigan House of Representatives

Last updated

Michigan House of Representatives
101th Michigan Legislature
Seal of Michigan.svg
Type
Type
Term limits
3 terms (6 years)
History
New session started
January 13, 2021
Leadership
Jason Wentworth (R)
since January 13, 2021
Speaker pro tempore
Pamela Hornberger (R)
since January 13, 2021
Majority Floor Leader
Ben Frederick (R)
since January 13, 2021
Minority Leader
Donna Lasinski (D)
since January 13, 2021
Minority Floor Leader
Yousef Rabhi (D)
since January 09, 2019
Structure
Seats110
Michigan House of Representatives.svg
Political groups
Majority
  •   Republican (58)

Minority

Length of term
2 years
AuthorityArticle IV, Section 3, Michigan Constitution
Salary$71,865/year + expenses
Elections
Last election
November 3, 2020
(110 seats)
Next election
November 8, 2022
(110 seats)
RedistrictingIndependent Redistricting Commission
Meeting place
Michigan House of Representatives.jpg
House of Representatives Chamber
Michigan State Capitol
Lansing, Michigan
Website
Michigan House of Representatives

The Michigan House of Representatives is the lower house of the Michigan Legislature. There are 110 members, each of whom is elected from constituencies having approximately 77,000 to 91,000 residents, based on population figures from the 2010 U.S. Census. Its composition, powers and duties are established in Article IV of the Michigan Constitution.

Contents

Members are elected in even-numbered years and take office at 12 p.m. (EST) on January 1 [1] following the November general election. Concurrently with the Michigan Senate, the House first convenes on the second Wednesday in January, according to the state constitution. [2] Each member is limited to serving three terms of two years. The House meets in the north wing of the Michigan Capitol in Lansing.

Title

Members of the Michigan House of Representatives are commonly referred to as representatives. Because this mirrors the terminology used to describe members of Congress, constituents and news media, abiding by the Associated Press guidelines for journalists, often refer to members as state representatives to avoid confusion with their federal counterparts. As elected officials, members of the Michigan House of Representatives also receive the courtesy title of the Honorable (abbreviated to Hon. or Hon'ble) for life.

Composition

AffiliationParty
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Republican Democratic Vacant
Begin 2019 Session58521100
May 21, 2019 [3] 571
November 8, 2019 [4] 511091
March 18, 2020 [5] 521100
March 29, 2020 [6] 511091
November 19, 2020 [7] 521100
Begin 2021 Session58521100
Latest voting share

Leadership

Majority party

Minority party

Members

Composition of the Michigan State House after the 2018 elections
Democratic Party
Republican Party
Vacant (formerly Democratic) Michigan House of Representatives Party Map.png
Composition of the Michigan State House after the 2018 elections
  Democratic Party
  Republican Party
  Vacant (formerly Democratic)
DistrictRepresentativePartyCounty(ies)Term
1 Tenisha Yancey Dem Wayne 3rd (2nd full)
2 Joe Tate DemWayne2nd
3 Shri Thanedar DemWayne1st
4 Abraham Aiyash DemWayne1st
5 Cynthia A. Johnson DemWayne2nd
6 Tyrone Carter DemWayne2nd
7 Helena Scott DemWayne1st
8 Stephanie Young DemWayne1st
9 Karen Whitsett DemWayne2nd
10 Mary Cavanagh DemWayne1st
11 Jewell Jones DemWayne3rd
12 Alex Garza DemWayne2nd
13 Tullio Liberati DemWayne1st
14 Cara Clemente DemWayne3rd
15 Abdullah Hammoud DemWayne3rd
16 Kevin Coleman DemWayne2nd
17 Joe Bellino Rep Monroe, Wayne3rd
18 Kevin Hertel Dem Macomb 3rd
19 Laurie Pohutsky DemWayne2nd
20 Matt Koleszar DemWayne2nd
21 Ranjeev Puri DemWayne1st
22 Richard Steenland DemMacomb1st
23 Darrin Camilleri DemWayne3rd
24 Steve Marino RepMacomb3rd
25 Nate Shannon DemMacomb2nd
26 Jim Ellison Dem Oakland 3rd
27 Regina Weiss DemOakland1st
28 Lori Stone DemMacomb2nd
29 Brenda Carter DemOakland2nd
30 Diana Farrington RepMacomb3rd
31 William Sowerby DemMacomb3rd
32 Pamela Hornberger RepMacomb, St. Clair 3rd
33 Jeffrey Yaroch RepMacomb3rd
34 Cynthia Neeley Dem Genesee 2nd (1st full)
35 Kyra Harris Bolden DemOakland2nd
36 Doug Wozniak RepMacomb2nd
37 Samantha Steckloff DemOakland1st
38 Kelly Breen DemOakland1st
39 Ryan Berman RepOakland2nd
40 Mari Manoogian DemOakland2nd
41 Padma Kuppa DemOakland2nd
42 Ann Bollin Rep Livingston 2nd
43 Andrea Schroeder RepOakland2nd
44 Matt Maddock RepOakland2nd
45 Mark Tisdel RepOakland1st
46 John Reilly RepOakland3rd
47 Robert Bezotte RepLivingston1st
48 David Martin RepGenesee1st
49 John Cherry III DemGenesee2nd
50 Tim Sneller DemGenesee3rd
51 Mike Mueller RepGenesee2nd
52 Donna Lasinski Dem Washtenaw 3rd
53 Yousef Rabhi DemWashtenaw3rd
54 Ronnie Peterson DemWashtenaw3rd
55 Felicia Brabec DemWashtenaw1st
56 TC Clements RepMonroe1st
57 Bronna Kahle Rep Lenawee 3rd
58 Andrew Fink Rep Branch, Hillsdale 1st
59 Steve Carra Rep Cass, St. Joseph 1st
60 Julie Rogers Dem Kalamazoo 1st
61 Christine Morse DemKalamazoo1st
62 Jim Haadsma Dem Calhoun 2nd
63 Matt Hall RepCalhoun, Kalamazoo2nd
64 Julie Alexander Rep Jackson 3rd
65 Sarah Lightner RepJackson2nd
66 Beth Griffin Rep Van Buren, Kalamazoo3rd
67 Kara Hope Dem Ingham 2nd
68 Sarah Anthony DemIngham2nd
69 Julie Brixie DemIngham2nd
70 Pat Outman Rep Montcalm, Gratiot 1st
71 Angela Witwer Dem Eaton 2nd
72 Steve Johnson Rep Kent 3rd
73 Bryan Posthumus RepKent1st
74 Mark Huizenga RepKent, Ottawa 2nd
75 David LaGrand DemKent3rd full
76 Rachel Hood DemKent2nd
77 Tommy Brann RepKent3rd
78 Brad Paquette Rep Berrien, Cass2nd
79 Pauline Wendzel RepBerrien2nd
80 Mary Whiteford Rep Allegan 3rd full
81 Gary Eisen RepSt. Clair2nd
82 Gary Howell Rep Lapeer 3rd full
83 Andrew Beeler Rep Sanilac, St. Clair1st
84 Phil Green Rep Huron, Tuscola 2nd
85 Ben Frederick Rep Saginaw, Shiawassee 3rd
86 Thomas Albert RepKent, Ionia 3rd
87 Julie Calley Rep Barry, Ionia3rd
88 Luke Meerman RepOttawa2nd
89 Jim Lilly RepOttawa3rd
90 Bradley Slagh RepOttawa2nd
91 Greg VanWoerkom Rep Muskegon 2nd
92 Terry Sabo DemMuskegon3rd
93 Graham Filler Rep Clinton, Gratiot2nd
94 Rodney Wakeman RepSaginaw2nd
95 Amos O'Neal DemSaginaw1st
96 Timothy Beson Rep Bay 1st
97 Jason Wentworth Rep Arenac, Clare, Gladwin, Osceola 3rd
98 Annette Glenn Rep Midland, Bay2nd
99 Roger Hauck Rep Isabella, Midland3rd
100 Scott VanSingel Rep Lake, Newaygo, Oceana 3rd
101 Jack O'Malley Rep Benzie, Leelanau, Manistee, Mason 2nd
102 Michele Hoitenga Rep Mecosta, Osceola, Wexford 3rd
103 Daire Rendon Rep Crawford, Kalkaska, Missaukee, Ogemaw, Roscommon 3rd
104 John Roth Rep Grand Traverse 1st
105 Ken Borton Rep Antrim, Charlevoix, Otsego, Montmorency, Oscoda 1st
106 Sue Allor Rep Alcona, Alpena, Cheboygan, Iosco, Presque Isle 3rd
107 John Damoose RepCheboygan, Chippewa, Emmet, Mackinac 1st
108 Beau LaFave Rep Delta, Dickinson, Menominee 3rd
109 Sara Cambensy Dem Alger, Luce, Marquette, Schoolcraft 3rd
110 Gregory Markkanen Rep Baraga, Gogebic, Houghton, Iron, Keweenaw, Marquette, Ontonagon 2nd

Officials

Speaker of the House

The 75th and current Speaker of the House of Representatives is the presiding officer of the House and the leader of the majority party. The current Speaker is Jason Wentworth, a third-term Republican from Clare.

The Speaker calls the House to order at the hour to which the House last adjourned, preserves order and decorum in the chamber, recognizes Members to speak, and puts all questions. The Speaker is the chief administrator of the House and is technically the employer of all legislative staff. There is also a Speaker pro tempore and two associate Speakers pro tempore who preside in the absence of the Speaker. The full duties of the Speaker are described in Chapter II of the Rules of the House. [8]

Clerk of the House

Clerk of the Michigan House of Representatives
Incumbent
Gary L. Randall

since January 12, 2011
Style Mister Clerk
AppointerElected by the House
Term length Pleasure of the House (nominally a two-year Legislature)
Inaugural holderGeorge R. Griswold

The Clerk of the House of Representatives is elected by Members of the House at the beginning of each two-year term. The 33rd and current clerk is Gary L. Randall. [9] Randall also served as clerk from 1999 to 2006. The assistant clerk is Richard J. Brown, who served as clerk from 2007 to 2010. Both Randall and Brown are former Members of the House.

Under the rules of the House, the clerk is the parliamentarian of the House, presides in the absence of the Speaker or any Speaker pro tempore, takes roll at the beginning of each session day and announces whether or not a quorum is present, prepares the official calendar and journal of the House, is responsible for the care and preservation of all bills introduced in the House, and for bills sent from the Senate until they are returned to the Senate. [8] [10]

Sergeant at Arms

The sergeant at arms of the House of Representatives is the chief police officer of the House, appointed by the Speaker. The current chief sergeant at arms is David D. Dickson, Jr.

The chief sergeant and the assistant sergeants are empowered as law enforcement officers by statute. [11] The sergeants at arms have authority to serve subpoenas and warrants issued by the House or any duly authorized officer or committee, see that all visitors are seated and at no time are standing on the floor or balconies of the House, ensure that reasonable decorum is maintained in the lobby immediately in front of the entrance to the chamber to ensure access for Members and to ensure equal treatment for all citizens. [8]

Committees

Article IV of the Michigan Constitution authorizes each house of the Legislature to "establish the committees necessary for the conduct of its business." [12] The House does much of its work in committees, including the review of bills, executive oversight, and the budget and appropriations process. Members of committees and their chairmen are appointed by the Speaker. [8] [13] Bills are referred to a committee by the Speaker, and the chairman of a committee sets its agenda, including whether or not a bill will be reported to the full House. The Committee on Appropriations divides its work among subcommittees ordinarily structured by state department or major budget area.

There are also four statutory standing committees: Joint Committee on Administrative Rules; House Fiscal Agency Governing Committee; Legislative Council; Michigan Capitol Committee. Currently, it would appear, the House committees meet on a 'year by year' basis. A full list may be accessed here. [14]

Unlike the Senate, the House does not utilize the committee of the whole.

House Fiscal Agency

House Fiscal Agency
Agency overview
HeadquartersCora B. Anderson House Office Building
Employees24
Annual budget$4,050,400
Agency executives
  • Mary Ann Cleary, Director
  • Kevin Koorstra, Deputy Director
Parent departmentHouse Fiscal Agency Governing Board (Michigan House of Representatives)
Website house.mi.gov/hfa/

The House Fiscal Agency is a nonpartisan agency within the House of Representatives which provides nonpartisan expertise to members of the House Appropriations Committee, as well as all other Members of the House. Fiscal analysts review the governor's budget recommendation, review and prepare budget bills, supplemental appropriations, and certain transfer requests, provide fiscal impact statements on legislative proposals, monitor state and national situations that may have budgetary implications, research and analyze fiscal issues, prepare reports and documents to assist legislative deliberations, and prepare special reports at the request of Representatives. The economist analyzes legislation related to tax and lottery issues, respond to Representatives' inquiries regarding state tax revenue, revenue sharing, and other economic issues, monitors state revenue, tracks state, and national economic conditions, and prepares reports on revenue and other economic issues. Legislative analysts prepare concise, nonpartisan summaries and analyses of bills. Summaries, completed prior to committee deliberations, describe how a bill would change current law, including any fiscal impact. Analyses are prepared for bills reported to the full House from committee and include, with the summary information, a description of the problem being addressed, arguments for and against the bill, and positions of interested organizations. [15]

The agency is governed by a six-member board consisting of the chairman and minority vice chairman of the Appropriations Committee, the Speaker of the House and the minority leader, and the majority and minority floor leaders. The governing committee is responsible for HFA oversight, establishment of operating procedures, and appointment of the HFA director. The director is one of three state officials charged with annually forecasting the state's revenues at the Consensus Revenue Estimating Conferences, which are held at least twice each year. [16]

In January 1993, a front-page story in The Detroit News detailed a massive scandal in the House Fiscal Agency. For six years, the agency's imprest account was used to finance credit card payments, vacations, and property tax payments as well as payments to HFA employees and contract workers for non-existent workers. The scandal threatened to collapse the joint leadership agreement between the Democrats and Republicans brought about by a 55-55 partisan split in the House from the 1992 election. It resulted in Representative Dominic J. Jacobetti of Negaunee in the Upper Peninsula, the longest-serving Member in history, losing his position as chairman of the powerful Appropriations Committee. [17]

Past composition of the House of Representatives

See also

Related Research Articles

Speaker of the United States House of Representatives Presiding officer of the United States House of Representatives

The speaker of the United States House of Representatives is the presiding officer of the United States House of Representatives. The office was established in 1789 by Article I, Section 2 of the U.S. Constitution. The speaker is the political and parliamentary leader of the House of Representatives, and is simultaneously the House's presiding officer, de facto leader of the body's majority party, and the institution's administrative head. Speakers also perform various other administrative and procedural functions. Given these several roles and responsibilities, the speaker usually does not personally preside over debates. That duty is instead delegated to members of the House from the majority party. Neither does the speaker regularly participate in floor debates.

107th United States Congress 2001-2003 U.S. Congress

The 107th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 2001 to January 3, 2003, during the final weeks of the Clinton presidency and the first two years of the George W. Bush presidency. The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the 1990 United States Census. The House of Representatives had a Republican majority, and the Senate switched majorities from Democratic to Republican and back to Democratic. By the end of term, Republicans had regained the majority in the Senate, but since the body was out of session reorganization was delayed till the next Congress.

Michigan Legislature

The Michigan Legislature is the legislature of the U.S. state of Michigan. It is organized as a bicameral body composed of an upper chamber, the Senate, and a lower chamber, the House of Representatives. Article IV of the Michigan Constitution, adopted in 1963, defines the role of the Legislature and how it is to be constituted. The chief purposes of the Legislature are to enact new laws and amend or repeal existing laws. The Legislature meets in the Capitol building in Lansing.

California State Assembly Lower house of the California State Legislature

The California State Assembly is the lower house of the California State Legislature, the upper house being the California State Senate. The Assembly convenes, along with the State Senate, at the California State Capitol in Sacramento.

California State Senate Upper house of the California State Legislature

The California State Senate is the upper house of the California State Legislature, the lower house being the California State Assembly. The State Senate convenes, along with the State Assembly, at the California State Capitol in Sacramento.

Texas House of Representatives Lower house of Texas’ legislature

The Texas House of Representatives is the lower house of the bicameral Texas Legislature. It consists of 150 members who are elected from single-member districts for two-year terms. As of the 2010 Census, each member represents about 167,637 people. There are no term limits. The House meets at the State Capitol in Austin.

Florida House of Representatives Lower house of the Florida Legislature

The Florida House of Representatives is the lower house of the Florida Legislature, the state legislature of the U.S. state of Florida, the Florida Senate being the upper house. Article III, Section 1 of the Constitution of Florida, adopted in 1968, defines the role of the Legislature and how it is to be constituted. The House is composed of 120 members, each elected from a single-member district with a population of approximately 157,000 residents. Legislative districts are drawn on the basis of population figures, provided by the federal decennial census. Representatives' terms begin immediately upon their election. As of 2020, Republicans hold the majority in the State House with 78 seats; Democrats are in the minority with 42 seats.

Michigan Senate Upper state chamber of Michigan

The Michigan Senate is the upper house of the Michigan Legislature. Along with the Michigan House of Representatives, it composes the state legislature, which has powers, roles and duties defined by Article IV of the Michigan Constitution, adopted in 1963. The primary purpose of the Legislature is to enact new laws and amend or repeal existing laws.

Tennessee General Assembly

The Tennessee General Assembly (TNGA) is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Tennessee. It is a part-time bicameral legislature consisting of a Senate and a House of Representatives. The Speaker of the Senate carries the additional title and office of Lieutenant Governor of Tennessee. In addition to passing a budget for state government plus other legislation, the General Assembly appoints three state officers specified by the state constitution. It is also the initiating body in any process to amend the state's constitution.

Georgia House of Representatives Lower house of the Georgia General Assembly

The Georgia House of Representatives is the lower house of the Georgia General Assembly of the U.S. state of Georgia. There are currently 180 elected members. Republicans have had a majority in the chamber since 2005. The current House Speaker is David Ralston.

House of Representatives of Puerto Rico Lower house of the Legislative Assembly of Puerto Rico

The House of Representatives of Puerto Rico is the lower house of the Legislative Assembly of Puerto Rico, the bicameral territorial legislature of Puerto Rico. The House, together with the Senate, control the legislative branch of the government of Puerto Rico.

Kentucky General Assembly

The Kentucky General Assembly, also called the Kentucky Legislature, is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Kentucky. It comprises the Kentucky Senate and the Kentucky House of Representatives.

Alabama Senate

The Alabama State Senate is the upper house of the Alabama Legislature, the state legislature of the U.S. state of Alabama. The body is composed of 35 members representing an equal number of districts across the state, with each district containing at least 127,140 citizens. Similar to the lower house, the Alabama House of Representatives, the Senate serves both without term limits and with a four-year term.

Oklahoma Legislature

The Legislature of the State of Oklahoma is the state legislative branch of the U.S. state of Oklahoma. The Oklahoma House of Representatives and Oklahoma Senate are the two houses that make up the bicameral state legislature. There are 101 state representatives, each serving a two-year term, and 48 state senators, who serve four-year terms that are staggered so only half of the Oklahoma Senate districts are eligible in each election cycle. Legislators are elected directly by the people from single member districts of equal population. The Oklahoma Legislature meets annually in the Oklahoma State Capitol in Oklahoma City.

Oklahoma House of Representatives

The Oklahoma House of Representatives is the lower house of the legislature of the U.S. state of Oklahoma. Its members introduce and vote on bills and resolutions, provide legislative oversight for state agencies, and help to craft the state's budget. The upper house of the Oklahoma Legislature is the Oklahoma Senate.

Title 2 of the United States Code outlines the role of Congress in the United States Code.

113th United States Congress 2013–2015 legislative term

The 113th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, from January 3, 2013, to January 3, 2015, during the fifth and sixth years of Barack Obama's presidency. It was composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives based on the results of the 2012 Senate elections and the 2012 House elections. The seats in the House were apportioned based on the 2010 United States Census. It first met in Washington, D.C. on January 3, 2013, and it ended on January 3, 2015. Senators elected to regular terms in 2008 were in the last two years of those terms during this Congress.

United States House of Representatives Lower house of the United States Congress

The United States House of Representatives is the lower house of the United States Congress, with the Senate being the upper house. Together they compose the national bicameral legislature of the United States.

References

  1. "Michigan Legislature - Article XI § 2". legislature.mi.gov. Retrieved October 16, 2018.
  2. "Michigan Legislature - Article IV § 13". legislature.mi.gov. Retrieved October 16, 2018.
  3. Republican Larry C. Inman (District 102) removed from the Republican caucus.
  4. Democrat Sheldon Neeley (District 34) resigns to become Mayor of Flint.
  5. Democrat Cynthia Neeley (District 34) sworn in after special election.
  6. Democrat Isaac Robinson (District 4) dies.
  7. Democrat Abraham Aiyash (District 4) sworn in.
  8. 1 2 3 4 Rules of the Michigan House of Representatives
  9. House Resolution 3: A resolution to provide for the Clerk of the House of Representatives for the Ninety-seventh Legislature
  10. 2011-2012 Michigan Manual: Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives (p. 302)
  11. Legislative Sergeant at Arms Police Powers Act, 185 PA 2001, MCL 4.381-4.382
  12. Michigan Constitution: Article IV, § 17 Committees; record of votes, public inspection, notice of hearings.
  13. Journal of the House of Representatives: 97th Legislature—Regular Session of 2013, No. 5 (pg. 77-78)
  14. Standing Committees , retrieved November 27, 2020
  15. About Us :: House Fiscal Agency
  16. Michigan Legislature: Management and Budget Act: MCL 18.1367b Revenue estimating conference; principals; forecasts.
  17. Gongwer News Service Blog: The Scandal, 20 Years Later

Coordinates: 42°44′01″N84°33′20″W / 42.733601°N 84.555470°W / 42.733601; -84.555470