Montana Legislature

Last updated
Montana State Legislature
Montana-StateSeal.svg
Type
Type
Houses Senate
House of Representatives
Term limits
Senate: 2 terms (8 years)
House: 4 terms (8 years)
Leadership
President of the Senate
Scott Sales (R)
since January 2, 2017
Greg Hertz (R)
since January 5, 2015
Structure
Seats150
  • 50 senators
  • 100 representatives
Montana Senate.svg
Senate political groups
  •   Republican (30)
  •   Democratic (20)
Montana House of Representatives.svg
House of Representatives political groups
Length of term
Senate: 4 years
House: 2 years
Salary$90.64/day + per diem
Elections
Senate last election
November 6, 2018
November 6, 2018
Senate next election
November 3, 2020
November 3, 2020
RedistrictingMontana Districting and Apportionment Commission
Meeting place
Helena capitol.jpg
Montana State Capitol, Helena
Website
www.leg.mt.gov

The Montana State Legislature is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Montana. It is composed of the 100-member Montana House of Representatives and the 50-member Montana Senate. [1]

Contents

The Montana Constitution dictates that the legislature meet in regular session for no longer than 90 days in each odd-numbered year. [1] The primary work of the legislature is to pass a balanced biennial budget which must then be approved by the Governor. If the Governor vetoes a bill, the legislature may override the veto by a two-thirds vote. [1]

Since the beginning of statehood for Montana, the Legislature has been split along party lines fairly consistently and evenly. Since adoption of the current state constitution in 1972, which mandated single-member legislative districts for the first time in the state's history, the Montana Senate has been controlled by Democrats in nine sessions, and Republicans in 15 sessions. [2] During the same period, the Montana House has been controlled by Democrats in eight sessions and Republicans in 14 sessions, with two ties. According to state law, in the instance of a tie, control goes to the party of the sitting Governor. The 66th Legislature (2019–2020) is controlled by the Republican Party with the House having 58 Republican members and 42 Democratic members, and the Senate having 30 Republican members and 20 Democratic members. [2]

Members are limited to serving no more than eight years in either chamber, but the term limit is consecutive, not lifetime. [3]

The Montana State Legislature meets in the state capital of Helena.

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 3 "Montana Legislature: Organization". Montana Legislature. Archived from the original on 2018-05-25. Retrieved 2016-09-05.
  2. 1 2 "Majority and Minority Party Numbers 1889 - Present". Montana Legislature.
  3. Johnson, Charles (February 24, 2015). "State Senate committee tables proposed ballot measure to end term limits". Missoulian.