Mississippi House of Representatives

Last updated

Mississippi House of Representatives
Mississippi Legislature
Seal of Mississippi 2014.svg
Type
Type
Term limits
None
History
New session started
January 7, 2020
Leadership
Speaker
Philip Gunn (R)
since January 3, 2012
Speaker pro tempore
Jason White (R)
since January 7, 2020
Minority Leader
Robert Johnson III (D)
since January 7, 2020
Structure
Seats122
File MS House.svg
Political groups
  •   Republican (76)
  •   Democratic (43)
  •   Independent (3)
Length of term
4 years
AuthorityArticle IV, Mississippi Constitution
Salary$10,000/year + per diem
Elections
Last election
November 5, 2019
(122 seats)
Next election
November 7, 2023
(122 seats)
RedistrictingLegislative Control
Meeting place
Mississippi State Capitol building in Jackson.jpg
House of Representatives Chamber
Mississippi State Capitol
Jackson, Mississippi
Website
Mississippi State Legislature

The Mississippi House of Representatives is the lower house of the Mississippi Legislature, the lawmaking body of the U.S. state of Mississippi. According to the state constitution of 1890, it is to comprise no more than 122 members elected for four-year terms. To qualify as a member of the House candidates must be at least 21 years old, a resident of Mississippi for at least four years, and a resident in the district in which he or she is running for at least two years. Elections are held the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November.

Contents

Membership, qualifications, and apportionment

Article 4, Section 36 of the Mississippi Constitution specifies that the state legislature must meet for 125 days every four years and 90 days in other years. The Mississippi House of Representatives has the authority to determine rules of its own proceedings, punish its members for disorderly behavior, and expel a member with a two-thirds vote of its membership. [1] Bills must undergo three readings in each house, unless two-thirds of the house dispenses with the rules. [1] They cannot be amended to a new purpose. [1] Amendments to bills must be approved by both houses. [1]

The governor has the power to veto legislation, but legislators can override the veto with a two-thirds decision. [1] From 1890 to 2020, State representatives were authorized under the Mississippi Constitution to elect the Governor of Mississippi if no candidate had received 62 of the 122 electoral votes (one per district) and more than 50% of the popular vote. This occurred only once, in 1999, when Ronnie Musgrove had the most votes statewide, but was one electoral vote and 2936 votes (0.38%) shy of a majority: Musgrove was elected on the first ballot.

List of members

DistrictRepresentativePartyAssumed OfficeResidenceNotes
1 Lester Carpenter Republican2008 Burnsville
2 Nick Bain Republican2012 Corinth
3 William Tracy Arnold Republican2012 Booneville
4 Jody Steverson Republican2012 Ripley
5 John Faulkner Democratic2014 Holly Springs
6 Dana Criswell Republican2016 Olive Branch
7 Steve Hopkins Republican2016 Southaven
8 Trey Lamar Republican2012 Senatobia
9 Cedric Burnett Democratic2016 Tunica
10 Brady Williamson Republican2020 Oxford
11 Lataisha Jackson Democratic2013 Como
12 Clay Deweese Republican2020 Oxford
13 Steve Massengill Republican2012 Hickory Flat
14 Sam Creekmore IV Republican2020 New Albany
15 Mac Huddleston Republican2008 Pontotoc
16 Rickey W. Thompson Democratic2020 Shannon
17 Shane Aguirre Republican2016 Tupelo
18 Jerry Turner Republican2004 Baldwyn
19 Randy Boyd Republican2012 Mantachie
20 Chris Brown Republican2012 Nettleton
21 Donnie Bell Republican2008 Fulton
22 Jon Ray Lancaster Republican2020 Houston
23 Charles Beckett Republican2004 Bruce
24 Jeff Hale Republican2016 Nesbit
25 Dan Eubanks Republican2016 Walls
26 Orlando Paden Democratic2016 Clarksdale
27 Kenneth Walker Democratic2016 Carthage
28 Jerry Darnell Republican2020 Hernando
29 Robert L. Sanders Democratic2021 Cleveland
30 Tracey Rosebud Democratic2016 Tutwiler
31 Otis Anthony Democratic2018 Indianola
32 Solomon Osborne Democratic2019 Greenwood
33 Thomas Reynolds II Democratic1980 Charleston
34 Kevin Horan Republican2012 Grenada
35 Joey Hood Republican2012 Ackerman
36 Karl Gibbs Democratic2013 West Point
37 Lynn Wright Republican2020 Columbus
38 Cheikh Taylor Democratic2017 Starkville
39 Dana McLean Republican2020 Columbus
40 Hester Jackson-McCray Democratic2020 Horn Lake
41 Kabir Karriem Democratic2016 Columbus
42 Carl Mickens Democratic2016 Brooksville
43 Rob Roberson Republican2016 Starkville
44 C. Scott Bounds Republican2004 Philadelphia
45 Michael Evans Independent2012 Monticello
46 Karl Oliver Republican2016 Winona
47 Bryant Clark Democratic2004 Pickens
48 Jason White Republican2012 West Speaker pro tempore since 2020
49 Willie Bailey Democratic1995 Greenville
50 John Hines Democratic2001 Greenville
51 Rufus Straughter Democratic1996 Belzoni
52 Bill Kinkade Republican2013 Byhalia
53 Vince Mangold Republican2016 Brookhaven
54 Kevin Ford Republican2017 Vicksburg
55 Oscar Denton Democratic2013 Vicksburg
56 Philip Gunn Republican2004 Clinton Speaker of the House since 2012
57 Edward Blackmon Jr. Democratic1984 Canton
58 Joel Bomgar Republican2016 Madison
59 Brent Powell Republican2013 Brandon
60 Fred Shanks Republican2018 Brandon
61 Gene Newman Republican2020 Pearl
62 Thomas Weathersby Sr. Republican1992 Florence
63 Stephanie Foster Democratic2020 Jackson
64 Shanda Yates Independent2020 Jackson
65 Chris Bell Democratic2016 Jackson
66 De'Keither Stamps Democratic2020 Jackson
67 Earle S. Banks Democratic1993 Jackson
68 Zakiya Summers Democratic2020 Jackson
69 Alyce Clarke Democratic1985 Jackson
70 Bo Brown Democratic2020 Jackson
71 Ronnie Crudup Jr. Democratic2019 Jackson
72 Debra Gibbs Democratic2016 West Point
73 Jill Ford Republican2020 Madison
74 Lee Yancey Republican2020 Brandon
75 Tom Miles Democratic2012 Forest
76 Gregory Holloway Sr. Democratic2000 Hazlehurst
77 Price Wallace Republican2018 Mendenhall
78 Randy Rushing Republican2012 Decatur
79 Mark Tullos Republican2016 Raleigh
80 Omeria Scott Democratic1993 Laurel
81 Stephen Horne Republican2004 Meridian
82 Charles Young Democratic2012 Meridian
83 Billy Adam Calvert Republican2020 Meridian
84 Troy Smith Republican2020 Enterprise
85 Jeffery Harness Democratic2018 Fayette
86 Shane Barnett Republican2016 Waynesboro
87 Joseph Tubb Republican2020 Purvis
88 Robin Robinson Republican2020 Laurel
89 Donnie Scoggin Republican2017 Ellisville
90 Noah Sanford Republican2017 Collins
91 Bob Evans Democratic2008 Monticello
92 Becky Currie Republican2008 Brookhaven
93 Timmy Ladner Republican2012 Poplarville
94 Robert Johnson III Democratic2004 Natchez Minority leader
95 Jay McKnight Republican2020 Gulfport
96 Angela Cockerham Independent2005 Magnolia
97 Sam Mims V Republican2004 McComb
98 Daryl Porter Jr. Democratic2020 Summit
99 Bill Pigott Republican2008 Tylertown
100 Ken Morgan Republican2007 Morgantown
101 Kent McCarty Republican2019 Hattiesburg
102 Missy McGee Republican2017 Hattiesburg
103 Percy Watson Democratic1980 Hattiesburg
104 Larry Byrd Republican2008 Petal
105 Dale Goodin Republican2020 Richton
106 Jansen Owen Republican2020 Poplarville
107 Doug McLeod Republican2012 Lucedale
108 Stacey Hobgood-Wilkes Republican2017 PIcayune
109 Manly Barton Republican2012 Moss Point
110 Jeramey Anderson Democratic2013 Escatawpa
111 Charles Busby Republican2012 Pascagoula
112 John Read Republican1994 Gautier
113 Henry Zuber III Republican2000 Ocean Springs
114 Jeffrey S. Guice Republican2008 Ocean Springs
115 Randall Patterson Republican2004 Biloxi
116 Casey Eure Republican2011 Saucier
117 Kevin Felsher Republican2020 Biloxi
118 Greg Haney Republican2012 Gulfport
119 Sonya Williams-Barnes Democratic2012 Gulfport
120 Richard Bennett Republican2008 Long Beach
121 Carolyn Crawford Republican2012 Pass Christian
122 Brent Anderson Republican2020 St. Louis

Salary and benefits

State representatives earn $23,500 per year. [2]

List of speakers

The House has elected a speaker 61 times since 1817: [3] [4]

Name County/DistrictTerm of service
Blank.gif Thomas A. Barnes Claiborne1817–1819
Blank.gif Edward Turner Adam1819–1821
Blank.gif B. R. Grayson Adams1821–1822
Gerard Chittocque Brandon.jpg Gerard C. Brandon Wilkinson1822–1823
Blank.gif Cowles Mead Jefferson1823–1827
Blank.gif I. R. Nicholson Copiah1827–1829
Blank.gif C. B. Greene Adams1829–1830
Blank.gif W. L. Sharkey Warren1830–1831
Blank.gif Joseph Dunbar Jefferson1831–1832
Blank.gif M. P. Degrafenreid Wilkinson1832–1833
Blank.gif David Pembel Adams1833–1834
Blank.gif A. L. Bingaman Adams1834–1836
Blank.gif John Irvin Carroll1836–1837
Blank.gif William Vannerson Lawrence1837–1838
Blank.gif J. W. King Rankin1838–1840
JSpeight2.jpg Jesse Speight Lowndes1840–1841
Blank.gif James A. Ventress Wilkinson1841–1842
Blank.gif R. W. Roberts Scott1842–1844
Blank.gif J. L. Totten Marshall1844–1846
James whitfield Gov.jpg James Whitfield Lowndes1846–1848
John J. McRae portrait..jpg John J. McRae Clarke1848–1852
Blank.gif William S. Patton Lauderdale1852–1854
Blank.gif Hiram Cassedy Franklin1854–1856
Blank.gif William S. Barry Lowndes1856–1858
Blank.gif James L. Autry Marshall1858–1859
Blank.gif J. A. P. Campbell Attala1859–1861
Blank.gif William A. Lake Warren1861–1862
Blank.gif J. P. Scales Carroll1862–1863
Blank.gif Lock E. Houston Monroe1863–1865
Samuel J. Gholson.jpg Samuel J. Gholson Monroe1865–1866
Blank.gif F. E. Franklin Yazoo1870 (died during his term as speaker)
Henry Waterman Warren 1914 (cropped).png Henry Waterman Warren Leake1871–1872
John R. Lynch.jpg John R. Lynch Adams1872–1873
H M Street.jpg Hugh M. Street Prentiss1873–1874
Isaac D. Shadd, publisher, legislator, abolitionist.png Isaac D. Shadd Warren1874–1876
H M Street.jpg Hugh M. Street Prentiss1876–1878
W A Percy.jpg William A. Percy Washington1878–1880
Blank.gif Benjamin F. Johns Amite1880–1882
W H H Tison.png W. H. H. Tison Lee 1882
W M Inge.png William M. Inge Alcorn1884–1886
Portrait of Gen. Jacob Hunter Sharp.jpg Jacob H. Sharp Lowndes1886–1888
C B Mitchell.png Charles B. Mitchell Pontotoc1888–1890
Blank.gif James S. Madison Noxubee1890–1892
H M Street.jpg Hugh M. Street Lauderdale1892–1894
James Kimble Vardaman.jpg J. K. Vardaman Leflore1894–1896
James McCool.jpg James F. McCool Attala1896–1900
Blank.gif A. J. Russell Lauderdale1900–1902
Emmet Thomas.jpg Emmet Thomas Washington1904–1908
H M Street.jpg Hugh M. Street Lauderdale1908–1912
Hillrie Quin.jpg Hillrie M. Quin Hinds1912–1916
Governor Martin S. Conner, Jan. 19, 1932 to Jan. 21, 1936 (14123298914).jpg Mike Conner Covington1916–1924
Governor Thomas L. Bailey, Jan. 18, 1944 to Nov. 2, 1946 (13936315729).jpg Thomas L. Bailey 1924–1936
Horace Stansel.jpg Horace Stansel Sunflower1936–1936
Fielding L. Wright portrait.jpg Fielding L. Wright 1936–1940
Sam Lumpkin.jpg Samuel Lumpkin Lee1940–1944
Walter Sillers.jpg Walter Sillers Jr. Bolivar1944–1966
Speaker Junkin.jpg John R. Junkin Adams1966–1976
Buddie Newman.jpg Buddie Newman 1976–1988
Blank.gif Tim Ford 181988–2004
Blank.gif William J. McCoy 32004–2012
Blank.gif Philip Gunn 562012–Present

Latest election results and current party standings

The following composition reflects the balance of power after the 2019 elections, which was the third election since Reconstruction to give a majority of seats in the State House to the Republicans. [5] State representatives are elected every four years by the qualified electors of the district for which they are running. [6] Candidates are required to be at least 21 years of age and a resident of the state and district for which they are campaigning. [7]

AffiliationParty
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Democratic Republican Independent Vacant
End of previous legislature (2019)447421202
Begin467511220
January 7, 2020 [8] 447531220
Latest voting share

Past composition of the House of Representatives

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 Constitutional Provisions The Legislature And Legislation Rules of Procedure, Mississippi Legislature (accessed May 31, 2013)
  2. "Comparison of state legislative salaries". Ballotpedia. Retrieved August 31, 2021.
  3. Rowland, Dunbar (1917). The Official and Statistical Register of the State of Mississippi. Department of Archives and History. pp. 187–188.
  4. https://www.sos.ms.gov/content/documents/ed_pubs/pubs/BlueBook16-20/16%20Historical%20and%20Statistical%20Info%20Section%20707-738.pdf [ bare URL PDF ]
  5. "GOP takes Miss. House for 1st time in years". Boston.Com. November 14, 2011.
  6. Article 4, Section 34, Oklahoma Constitution (accessed May 31, 2013)
  7. Article 4, Section 41 Archived June 23, 2012, at the Wayback Machine , Oklahoma Constitution (accessed May 31, 2013)
  8. Harrison, Bobby (January 7, 2020). "Two House Democrats become independents as new four-year term begins". mississippitoday.org. Retrieved January 7, 2020.

Coordinates: 32°18′14″N90°10′55″W / 32.303889°N 90.182047°W / 32.303889; -90.182047