Mississippi House of Representatives
|Mississippi State Legislature|
New session started
|January 7, 2020|
Speaker pro Tempore
Length of term
|Authority||Article IV, Mississippi Constitution|
|Salary||$10,000/year + per diem|
|November 5, 2019|
|November 7, 2023|
|House of Representatives Chamber|
Mississippi State Capitol
|Mississippi State Legislature|
The Mississippi House of Representatives is the lower house of the Mississippi Legislature, the lawmaking body of the U.S. state of Mississippi. According to the state constitution of 1890, it is to comprise no more than 122 members elected for four-year terms. To qualify as a member of the House candidates must be at least 21 years old, a resident of Mississippi for at least four years, and a resident in the district in which he or she is running for at least two years. Elections are held the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November.
Article 4, Section 36 of the Mississippi Constitution specifies that the state legislature must meet for 125 days every four years and 90 days in other years. The Mississippi House of Representatives has the authority to determine rules of its own proceedings, punish its members for disorderly behavior, and expel a member with a two-thirds vote of its membership.Bills must undergo three readings in each house, unless two-thirds of the house dispenses with the rules. They cannot be amended to a new purpose. Amendments to bills must be approved by both houses.
The governor has the power to veto legislation, but legislators can override the veto with a two-thirds decision.
State representatives are authorized under the Mississippi Constitution to select the Governor of Mississippi if no candidate receives more than 50% of the vote. This has occurred only once, in 1999, when Ronnie Musgrove was selected (Musgrove had the most votes statewide, but fell a fraction of a point shy of a majority).
State representatives earn $10,000 per year.
The following composition reflects the balance of power after the 2019 elections, which was the third election since Reconstruction to give a majority of seats in the State House to the Republicans.State representatives are elected every four years by the qualified electors of the district for which they are running. Candidates are required to be at least 21 years of age and a resident of the state and district for which they are campaigning.
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
|End of previous legislature (2019)||44||74||2||120||2|
|January 7, 2020||44||75||3||122||0|
|Latest voting share||36.1%||61.5%||2.5%|
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